Fire Or Flameproofing Patents (Class 428/921)
  • Patent number: 10131769
    Abstract: The invention relates to a polystyrene composition comprising a polystyrene and compound according to formula (III).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Ghamdi Ghurmallah, Richard Sott
  • Patent number: 10017901
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method for the production of high-filled, preferably wet-laid non-woven fabrics, in particular non-woven glass fiber fabrics, which have a very low binder content, as well as the non-woven glass fiber fabrics produced according to this method and the use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Johns Manville
    Inventors: Michael Ketzer, Klaus Friedrich Gleich
  • Patent number: 9745476
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel intumescent coating composition having excellent intumescent-properties comprising an organic polymer, a spumific and a specific additive, the additive comprising a combination of two different sources of metal/metalloid atoms. Also provided are substrates coated with the intumescent coating composition, a method of preparing an intumescent coating, and a method of protecting structures from heat/fire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel Coatings International B.V.
    Inventors: Michael William Anderson, Kevin Jeffrey Kittle
  • Patent number: 9006118
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pierce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8993463
    Abstract: A flame or heat flux protective coating composition, which includes a dispersion of fiberglass, hollow glass spheres, or a combination of both in silicone. A flame or heat flux protective sheet, which includes hollow glass spheres dispersed in silicone in a sheet form or fiberglass and silicone in a sheet form, wherein the fiberglass is dispersed in the silicone or the fiberglass is a woven cloth coated with the silicone is also presented. Articles incorporating the flame or heat flux protective coating or sheet form and methods for coating an article with the flame or heat flux protective coating composition are also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: Thomas Nosker, Jennifer K. Lynch, Mark N. Mazar, Patrick L. Nosker
  • Patent number: 8986807
    Abstract: An artificial turf system that includes a plurality of pellets in an infill disposed on a backing material and between individual synthetic fibers extending away from the backing material, wherein the pellets are a fire retardant material, for example, a salt, and more particularly an inorganic salt, encapsulated in a water insoluble material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Tarkett Inc.
    Inventor: John Rodgers
  • Patent number: 8987149
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fire resistant composite materials and to fire resistant fabric materials and mattresses made therefrom. The composite materials include (a) a substrate selected from the group consisting of cotton, rayon, lyocell and blends thereof; and (b) a coating consisting essentially of water, ammonium polyphosphate, binder material, cross-linking material, thickener material and a catalyst. The binder material bonds the ammonium polyphosphate, cross-linking material, thickener material and catalyst together and to the substrate such that the substrate is coated with the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: ElkCorp
    Inventor: Younger Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 8973164
    Abstract: Fiber blends useful for garments with a balance of high thermal, abrasion resistance, and moisture management properties are disclosed. The fiber blends comprise a hydrophobic fiber component, a hydrophilic fiber component, a structural fiber component, and an optional antistatic fiber. Yarns, fabrics, and garments comprising the fiber blends are also disclosed. Such garments are particularly useful for occupations requiring high thermal properties and abrasion resistance, such as fire fighters, utility workers, and military personnel, without compromising comfort of the wearers by maintaining breathability and moisture management properties of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Drifire, LLC
    Inventors: Robert Hines, James Bailey, Leslie Gene Cone
  • Patent number: 8936847
    Abstract: The invention relates to a reflective insulation material product including a metallized polymeric film laminated to an insulation material with the metallized polymeric film having its exposed metallic surface facing away from the insulation material. The product can meet Class A standard thermal insulation material standards characterized by a flame speed rating of from 0 to 25 and a smoke developed rating value of 0 to 450.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Promethean Insulation Technology LLC
    Inventor: Furio Orologio
  • Patent number: 8932966
    Abstract: A composite velour fabric garment includes a laminate consisting of an outer woven shell layer, an inner thermal layer of knit construction, and an intermediate layer disposed between and laminated to each of the shell layer and the thermal layer. The outer woven shell layer contains spandex in at least a weft direction for stretch and recovery in a width direction. The knit construction of the inner thermal layer provides stretch in at least a width direction, in harmony with the shell layer, and the inner thermal layer has a raised surface facing inwardly, away from the shell layer. The intermediate layer has controlled air permeability, including zero air permeability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: MMI-IPCO, LLC
    Inventors: Moshe Rock, Jane Hunter, David Costello, Gadalia Vainer
  • Patent number: 8916102
    Abstract: Non-woven mat including magnesium aluminum silicate glass fibers and amorphous refractory ceramic fibers, bio-soluble ceramic fibers, and/or heat-treated silica fibers. Embodiments of the nonwoven mat surprisingly have a Resiliency Value after three thermal cycles from 25° C. to 700° C./400° C. of the Real Condition Fixture Test at least 1.1 times greater than the Resiliency Value of a comparable non-woven mat consisting of any individual type of fibers of the non-woven mat. The non-woven mats are useful, for example, in pollution control devices and other thermal insulation applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Anne N. De Rovere, Lahoussaine Lalouch, Richard P. Merry
  • Patent number: 8871339
    Abstract: A modified clay is provided, which includes a layered clay material intercalated with a modifier having a conjugated double bond and capable of producing free radicals when heated. A clay-polymer composite is also provided, which includes a polymer material and the modified clay, wherein the modified clay is dispersed in the polymer material and at least partially exfoliated. The modifier is capable of producing free radicals when heated to scavenge free radicals generated from thermal cracking or burning of the polymer material to prevent further thermal cracking of the polymer material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignees: Chung Yuan Christian University, China Glaze Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsung-Yen Tsai, Shau-Tai Lu, Chia-Hsiang Liu, Chun-Chieh Huang, Hsien-Chung Tsai, Jen-Chun Lin
  • Patent number: 8822356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fire resistant composite materials and to fire resistant fabric materials and mattresses made therefrom. The composite materials include (a) a substrate selected from the group consisting of cotton, rayon, lyocell and blends thereof; and (b) a coating consisting essentially of water, ammonium polyphosphate, binder material, cross-linking material, aluminum trihydrate, prefarbricated microcells, thickener material, a surfactant, surfactant-generated microcells and a catalyst. The binder material bonds the ammonium polyphosphate, cross-linking material, aluminum trihydrate, prefarbricated microcells, thickener material, surfactant, surfactant-generated microcells and catalyst together and to the substrate such that the substrate is coated with the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: ElkCorp
    Inventor: Younger Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 8822355
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fire resistant composite materials and to fire resistant fabric materials and mattresses made therefrom. The composite materials include (a) a substrate selected from the group consisting of cotton, rayon, lyocell and blends thereof; and (b) a coating consisting essentially of water, ammonium polyphosphate, urea formaldehyde binder material, prefarbricated glass microcells, acrylic latex binder, ammonium lauryl sulfate surfactant, thickener material, a second surfactant, surfactant-generated microcells, a catalyst and starch. The binder materials bond the ammonium polyphosphate, prefarbricated microcells, thickener material, surfactants, surfactant-generated microcells, catalyst and starch together and to the substrate such that the substrate is coated with the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: ElkCorp
    Inventor: Younger Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 8796162
    Abstract: A thermally protective, flame retardant fabric includes a substrate treated with a combination of a flame retardant agent and an intumescent agent. The substrate includes non-thermoplastic fibers or a blend of non-thermoplastic fibers and thermoplastic fibers having a basis weight ranging from 2.0 to 15.0 ounces per square yard. The fabric has a contact thermal protective performance value of at least 4.5 and a contact thermal protective performance efficiency greater than 1.1. Applications of the fabric include protective garments, articles of furniture, vehicle components, building components, electrical components, decorative components, appliances, and containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent Andrews Monfalcone, III, Charles Detwiler Roberson, Ladson L. Fraser, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8741789
    Abstract: A flame resistant textile material comprises a textile substrate, a flame retardant finish applied to the textile substrate, and an infrared-absorbing finish applied to the textile substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Shulong Li, James D. Cliver, J. Travis Greer, Jack W. Spoon
  • Patent number: 8734928
    Abstract: After observing patio heaters at many events, hotels and restaurants, we, as decorators, knew they have little decorative appeal in beautiful settings. Patio heaters have gained popularity as people are enjoying more outdoor entertaining. We designed a cover to “hide” the heaters. Our cover is a tailored, box-pleat skirt design with three pleats, two side pleats are inset with fabric mesh to allow for ventilation of the tank, and detailed with a welt trim. Like a slip-cover, it fits over the neck and base of the heater, fastened with hook/loop sewn inside. All components are fire retardant. They are machine washable, hold their shape, offer protection from the elements, and have easy setup, and access to controls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventors: Melody LaVigna, Barbara Miranda
  • Patent number: 8732863
    Abstract: Fiber blends useful for garments with a balance of high thermal, abrasion resistance, and moisture management properties are disclosed. The fiber blends comprise a hydrophobic fiber component, a hydrophilic fiber component, a structural fiber component, and an optional antistatic fiber. Yarns, fabrics, and garments comprising the fiber blends are also disclosed. Such garments are particularly useful for occupations requiring high thermal properties and abrasion resistance, such as fire fighters, utility workers, and military personnel, without compromising comfort of the wearers by maintaining breathability and moisture management properties of the fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Drifire, LLC
    Inventors: Robert Hines, James Bailey, Leslie Gene Cone
  • Patent number: 8722551
    Abstract: A flame retardant composition comprises a phosphorous-containing polymer. The phosphorous-containing polymer can be produced by first reacting a phosphonium compound and a nitrogen-containing compound to produce a precondensate compound and then reacting the precondensate compound with a cross-linking composition. The resulting phosphorous-containing intermediate polymer can then be oxidized to convert at least a portion of the phosphorous atoms in the polymer to a pentavalent state. A textile material comprises a textile substrate and a phosphorous-containing polymer, such as that described above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Richard A. Mayernik, Shulong Li, William C. Kimbrell
  • Patent number: 8703631
    Abstract: A fire barrier fabric further comprising a multilayer fabric having at least two layers, including an outside layer and a fire barrier layer; wherein the fire barrier layer provides flame-retardant and/or flame-resistant properties to the entire fabric without requiring fabric coatings or treatments to provide any contribution to flame retardance or resistance, wherein additional layers may include a filler layer, and wherein the fabric is applied to articles, such as upholstered articles and mattresses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Murtzco, LLC
    Inventor: Ronald M. Sytz
  • Patent number: 8697586
    Abstract: A fire retardant structural board is provided that includes a body of fibrous material, a triglycidyle polyester binder, a sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant, and a sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant. The body of fibrous material has a weight, first and second surfaces, first and second sides, and a thickness. The fibrous material and triglycidyle polyester are dispersed throughout the thickness of the body. The sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant is dispersed between individual fibers of the fibrous material and throughout the thickness of the body. A sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant composition also coats at least the first surface of the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: FlexForm Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Garry E. Balthes, Darrell R. Eggers, Gregg B. Baumbaugh
  • Patent number: 8691106
    Abstract: A fire-resistant thermal and/or acoustic insulation product based on mineral wool and on an organic binder, including a carboxylic acid metal salt as fire retardant, the salt being in particular a carboxylate of a metal chosen from the group formed by aluminum, zinc, calcium and magnesium. A process is disclosed for manufacturing the fire-resistant insulation product and a sizing composition suitable for producing the product is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Isover
    Inventor: Benoît Didier
  • Patent number: 8685869
    Abstract: A knitted textile fabric for use in safety apparel, comprising a first yarn containing modacrylic fibers and a second yarn containing apparel, preferably cellulosic, fibers. The first and second yarns are interknitted with one another, e.g., in plated or bi-ply, relationship with the modacrylic yarn disposed predominantly at an outer face of the fabric for imparting flame resistant properties and an affinity for high visibility dyes and with the cellulosic yarn disposed predominantly at the opposite face of the fabric for imparting a hand suitable for comfortable body contact with a user's skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Innovative Textiles, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael N. Byles, John N. Wasylyk
  • Patent number: 8663422
    Abstract: A ceramic fiber based fire barrier for vehicles contains and directs fires and prevents or substantially hinders fire or extreme heat from adversely affecting underlying materials. The fire barriers protect the vehicle and vehicle components from damage from fire and heat, and also provide increased protection to passengers. The fire barriers provide additional time to properly evacuate passengers from a vehicle in the case of an emergency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Inventor: Graig Cropper
  • Patent number: 8636076
    Abstract: A method of firestopping a through-penetration is disclosed, which makes use of a fusible inorganic blended-fiber web. The fusible inorganic blended-fiber web can provide a fire-stopped through-penetration without the use of sealants, intumescent materials, and the like. The fusible inorganic blended-fiber web may comprise a blend of at least first, low melting inorganic fibers and second, high melting inorganic fibers. The fusible inorganic blended-fiber web comprises a bulk density of at least about 7 pounds per cubic foot (0.112 grams/cc).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Brandon L. Cordts, George W. Frost, Ernst L. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 8617715
    Abstract: A fire retardant solar control sun shade comprising as the shade material, a clear transparent film composite comprising a first transparent film layer, preferably with a metallized layer on one side, and a further transparent film layer adhered to said one side of the first film layer using an adhesive, the adhesive and at least one of said two polymeric film layers contain fire retardant material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: CPFilms Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy M Shively, Arnim Ottokar Bothe
  • Patent number: 8614156
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a textile fabric. This fabric is particularly well suited for use as the outer shell fabric of a firefighter's garment. The fabric is a woven or knitted fabric of spun yarns and multi-filament yarns. The spun yarn includes a first staple being a polymer selected from the group consisting of aramid, PBI or PBO or melamine formaldehyde, and a second staple being an aramid polymer. The multi-filament yarn includes an aramid filament.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: PBI Performance Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Diane B. Hess, Charles A. Thomas, Clifton A. Perry, Richard O. Tucker
  • Patent number: 8551235
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing fire resistant materials comprising the steps of recovering an alga having a mineral component wherein said alga is selected form the group consisting of Chara algae and Cladophora algae; mixing said algae with water to form an aqueous mixture; mixing a chlorine based solution to the mixture to kill the algae and any bacteria and to form an algae-based product; separating the algae-based product from the aqueous mixture; and recovering the algae-based product from the surface of the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Green Wave Innovative Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Wesley A. Mahan, Michelle L. Leonhart
  • Patent number: 8545974
    Abstract: An electromagnetic interference shield generally includes a resilient core member and an electrically conductive layer. An adhesive bonds the electrically conductive layer to the resilient core member. The adhesive can include halogen-free flame retardant. The electrically conductive layer can be provided with halogen-free flame retardant and/or a corrosion inhibitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Laird Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Larry D Creasy, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8536076
    Abstract: A textile fleece fabric having a resistance to thermal energy from exposure to momentary electric arcs or flame so as to be suitable for use in safety apparel is made of three integrated layers including inner and outer layers on opposite sides of an intervening middle layer. The inner and outer layers are comprised predominately of textile fibers which have inherent or additive flame resistant properties, and the middle layer is comprised substantially entirely of textile fibers without inherent or additive flame resistant properties. The textile fibers of one of the inner or outer layers have a raised nap forming a fleece surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Innovative Textiles, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael N. Byles
  • Patent number: 8513145
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pearce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8501639
    Abstract: A thermally protective, flame retardant fabric includes a substrate treated with a combination of a flame retardant agent and an intumescent agent. The substrate includes non-thermoplastic fibers or a blend of non-thermoplastic fibers and thermoplastic fibers having a basis weight ranging from 2.0 to 15.0 ounces per square yard. The fabric has a contact thermal protective performance value of at least 4.5 and a contact thermal protective performance efficiency greater than 1.1. Applications of the fabric include protective garments, articles of furniture, vehicle components, building components, electrical components, decorative components, appliances, and containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent Andrews Monfalcone, III, Charles Detwiler Roberson, Ladson L. Fraser, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8481168
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes various building materials used in the building and construction industry, and to buildings or objects constructed therefrom, and to methods of making these building materials. The building materials comprise a polymeric material, such as sodium alginate and/or calcium alginate which confers significant flame-, fire- and heat-resistance or imperviousness to the materials. Other substances can be added to the materials to improve cross-linking and/or to produce resistance to fungal degradation. The building materials which can be produced, processed, or treated using the alginate polymers of the invention include, but are not limited to, wood products; masonry products; wall, roofing, flooring and siding products; and paint products. Further, sodium alginate in the form of a gel may be used as a firebreak to effectively stop the advance of grass fires, wildfires, and forest fires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Tamarisk Technologies, L.L.C.
    Inventor: Daniel R. DeBrouse
  • Patent number: 8465821
    Abstract: A floor panel with a coating structure is described, said floor panel has improved fire protection properties. For this purpose, a fire-resistant layer is built into to layered structure of the panel and a coating is provided along the edges of the panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Berry Finance N.V.
    Inventor: Eddy Boucke
  • Patent number: 8455571
    Abstract: A flame-retardant particle includes: a particle containing a compound having a structure represented by formula (1); and a coating particle that covers at least a part of a surface of the particle: -A(—O—CO—O—Ar)m??(1) wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group; Ar represents a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group; and m represents an integer of 1 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masato Mikami, Masayuki Okoshi, Kazuya Yamanoi
  • Patent number: 8450223
    Abstract: A heatproof cloth forms multiple layers of laminated fabrics for resisting the high-temperature, comprising a high-temperature shielding fiber fabric which shields external heat, a first carbon felt fabric which distributes the heat transmitted through the high-temperature shielding fiber fabric, an aluminum vapor-deposited fabric which shields the heat distributed by the first carbon felt fabric, a second carbon felt fabric which distributes the heat transmitted through the aluminum vapor-deposited fabric, an aluminum vapor-deposited heat-resistant fabric which shields and distributes the heat distributed by the second carbon felt fabric, an aramid felt fabric which distributes the heat transmitted through the aluminum vapor-deposited heat-resistant fabric, and aramid fabric which shields the heat distributed by aramid felt fabric. Since heat is shielded and distributed repeatedly through three steps, the transmission of external heat is effectively prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Pyro Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Ji Wan Kim
  • Patent number: 8440009
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing fire resistant materials comprising the steps of recovering Cladophora algae; mixing said algae with water to form an aqueous mixture; mixing a chlorine based solution to the mixture to kill the algae and any bacteria and to form an algae-based product; allowing the algae-based product to separate and rise to the surface of the aqueous mixture; skimming the algae-based product from the surface of the mixture; drying said recovered algae-based product; and recovering the dried algae-based product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Green Wave Innovative Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: Wesley A. Mahan
  • Patent number: 8440582
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pearce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8435907
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pearce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8420204
    Abstract: Provided is a building board having non-flammability and being excellent in designability. In the building board, an impregnated coating film, an aqueous coating film, a solvent-based clear coating film and a top clear coating film are formed, in this order, on a surface of a base member. The aqueous coating film is formed of a synthetic resin and a fireproofing agent; the top clear coating film is formed of a UV-curable type resin and a fireproofing agent; the amount of fireproofing agent in the aqueous coating film is 10 to 50 wt % with respect to the solids of the aqueous coating film; the amount of the fireproofing agent in the top clear coating film is 5 to 20 wt % with respect to the solids of top clear coating film; and the total calorific value measured in accordance with ISO 5660, for 20 minutes using a cone calorimeter, is smaller than 8 MJ/m2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Nichiha Corporation
    Inventors: Syouzou Ohno, Yoshinori Hibino
  • Patent number: 8383526
    Abstract: A liquid containing a hydrophilic polymer is applied by spreading or impregnation to a porous sheet comprising paper or a nonwoven fabric containing not less than 30% by weight and not more than 100% by weight of hydrophilic fiber to provide a hydrophilic polymer-processed sheet of which the surface and/or the interior of the porous sheet is filled with the hydrophilic polymer, which is made insoluble to water. This sheet is used as a sheet for a total heat exchanger which has higher conductivity of sensible heat and latent heat than conventional sheet for a total heat exchanger that uses a moisture permeable membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignees: Rengo Co., Ltd., Frontier Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Fumio Miyagoshi, Masao Fujita, Hidenao Saito, Hirokuni Tajima, Sadao Odajima
  • Patent number: 8343614
    Abstract: A method of thermally insulating an object that requires a Class A standard insulation material, said method comprising suitably locating a metallized polymeric reflective insulation material adjacent said object, wherein said polymeric material is selected from a closed cell foam, polyethylene foam, polypropylene foam, expanded polystyrene foam, multi-film layers assembly and a bubble-pack assembly. The object is preferably packaging, a vehicle or a residential, commercial or industrial building or establishment. The polymeric material may contain a fire-retardant and the bright surface of the metallized layer has a clear lacquer coating to provide anti-corrosion properties, and which maintains satisfactory reflectance commercial criteria.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Inventor: Furio Orologio
  • Patent number: 8327601
    Abstract: A method of thermally insulating an object that requires a Class A standard insulation material, said method comprising suitably locating a metallized polymeric reflective insulation material adjacent said object, wherein said polymeric material is selected from a closed cell foam, polyethylene foam, polypropylene foam, expanded polystyrene foam, multi-film layers assembly and a bubble-pack assembly. The object is preferably packaging, a vehicle or a residential, commercial or industrial building or establishment. The polymeric material may contain a fire-retardant and the bright surface of the metallized layer has a clear lacquer coating to provide anti-corrosion properties, and which meets commercial reflectance criteria.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Inventor: Furio Orologio
  • Patent number: 8323797
    Abstract: A composite article comprises a first glass layer, a silicone layer, a second glass layer, and an organic layer. The silicone layer is disposed adjacent to the first glass layer. The silicone layer includes a cured silicone composition. The second glass layer is disposed adjacent to the silicone layer, spaced from and substantially parallel to the first glass layer. The organic layer is disposed adjacent to the second glass layer, spaced from and substantially parallel to the silicone layer. The organic layer includes a cured organic composition. A method of making a composite article including a first glass layer and a polymeric layer disposed adjacent to the first glass layer includes providing a dual-compartment chamber. The chamber includes a first compartment and a second compartment separated by a polymeric separator. The separator can be manipulated through pressure differentials between the compartments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Bizhong Zhu, Carl Allen Fairbank, Raymond Lee Tabler, Nathan P. Greer
  • Patent number: 8322487
    Abstract: An acoustically coupled non-woven composite containing a non-woven layer and a thermoplastic film. The non-woven layer contains a plurality of binder fibers and a plurality of bulking fibers and has a binder zone and a bulking zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Dale S. Kitchen, Pradipkumar Bahukudumbi, Gregory Thompson
  • Patent number: 8286405
    Abstract: The invention relates to fire and impact resistant windows and building structures which contain a window composed of a specific order of layers containing a novel fire resistant layer. The invention further pertains to coating compositions for use with structures containing the windows.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: AGP Plastics, Inc.
    Inventors: Nelson Bolton, W. Novis Smith, Elizabeth Wimmer
  • Patent number: 8281550
    Abstract: The present invention relates to optically clear fire resistant and impact resistant windows having at least one air gap and at least one fire resistant layer. Optionally there is also an anti-spall layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: AGP Plastics, Inc.
    Inventors: Nelson Bolton, W. Novis Smith, Elizabeth Wimmer
  • Patent number: 8268451
    Abstract: A material intended for personal protective equipment, such as a suit for escaping chemicals or a flash fire is disclosed, wherein the material includes at least four different layers, the layers being: an outer first layer of a material comprising at least one polymer, which material is self-extinguishing; a second layer of a fiber material, which fiber material is self-extinguishing; a third layer being adhesive; and an inner fourth layer being a barrier laminate. All of the at least four different layers individually are attached to layers located next to them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Ansell Protective Solutions AB
    Inventor: Pontus Danielsson
  • Patent number: 8268737
    Abstract: Electron beam curable resins or ultraviolet light curable resins can be used in combination with filler and other additives to make coated facers that can be used on insulation boards. Also disclosed are facers made of such composition, the process for making said facers and their use in insulation, building and construction boards. More specifically a flexible facer can be made by a process that comprises (1) applying a monomeric composition to a fiber mat, wherein the fiber mat is a non-asphaltic, non-cellulosic fiber mat, and wherein the monomeric composition is comprised of at least one monomer and/or at least one oligomer, and a filler, (2) initiating polymerization of the monomer within the monomeric composition by exposing the monomeric composition to ultraviolet light or an electron beam, and (3) allowing the monomer to polymerized to produce the flexible facer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Building Materials Investment Corporation
    Inventor: Ajay Kumar
  • Patent number: 8268445
    Abstract: A composite article comprises a first glass layer, a silicone layer, a second glass layer, and an organic layer. The silicone layer is disposed adjacent to the first glass layer. The silicone layer includes a cured silicone composition. The second glass layer is disposed adjacent to the silicone layer, spaced from and substantially parallel to the first glass layer. The organic layer is disposed adjacent to the second glass layer, spaced from and substantially parallel to the silicone layer. The organic layer includes a cured organic composition. A method of making a composite article including a first glass layer and a polymeric layer disposed adjacent to the first glass layer includes providing a dual-compartment chamber. The chamber includes a first compartment and a second compartment separated by a polymeric separator. The separator can be manipulated through pressure differentials between the compartments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Bizhong Zhu, Carl Allen Fairbank, Raymond Lee Tabler, Nathan P. Greer