Silver Salt Transfer Process Patents (Class 430/244)
  • Patent number: 7787688
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method for generating depth-of-field effects includes receiving information specifying an input image rendered using a pinhole camera. A first set of circles of confusion associated with portions of the input image are determined based a set of parameters associated with the pinhole camera. The first set of circles of confusion are then associated with heat conductivity of a medium. The portions of the input image are blurred according to heat diffusion in the medium to generate a first output image having a first depth-of-field effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Pixar
    Inventor: Michael Kass
  • Patent number: 7026079
    Abstract: A process for preparing a substantially transparent conductive layer configuration on a support, the layer configuration comprising in any order at least a first layer containing an intrinsically conductive polymer optionally containing structural units represented by formula (I): wherein n is larger than 1 and each of R1 and R2 independently represents hydrogen or an optionally substituted C1-4 alkyl group or together represent an optionally substituted C1-4 alkylene group or an optionally substituted cycloalkylene group, preferably an ethylene group, an optionally alkyl-substituted methylene group, an optionally C1-12 alkyl- or phenyl-substituted ethylene group, a 1,3-propylene group or a 1,2-cyclohexylene group; and a second layer consisting of a non-continuous layer of conductive silver, the process comprising the step of: preparing the second layer by a photographic process; and light emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, transistors and electroluminescent devices comprising a layer configuration pr
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: AGFA Gevaert
    Inventors: Frank Louwet, Tom Cloots, Hieronymus Andriessen
  • Patent number: 6541177
    Abstract: A self-developing diffusion transfer photographic film unit which includes a latent image which becomes visible upon photographic processing of the film unit. The latent image is formed with a chemical compound such as an indicator dye and the visible image formed from the latent image as a result of photographic processing may be transient or permanent. Also described are diffusion transfer photographic methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporatiion
    Inventors: James A. Foley, Michael P. Filosa, Stephen J. Telfer, John L. Marshall, David P. Waller
  • Publication number: 20030054267
    Abstract: A self-developing diffusion transfer photographic film unit which includes a latent image which becomes visible upon photographic processing of the film unit. The latent image is formed with a chemical compound such as an indicator dye and the visible image formed from the latent image as a result of photographic processing may be transient or permanent. Also described are diffusion transfer photographic methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2001
    Publication date: March 20, 2003
    Inventors: James A. Foley, Michael P. Filosa, Stephen J. Telfer, John L. Marshall, David P. Waller
  • Patent number: 6096473
    Abstract: A method for making a lithographic printing plate according to the silver salt diffusion transfer process image-wise exposes an imaging element with a high intensity short time scanning exposure. The imaging element comprises on a support in the order given a silver halide emulsion layer and a layer containing physical development nuclei. A thus obtained image-wise exposed imaging element is subsequently developed in the presence of a developing agent and silver halide solvent. The image-wise exposure is focused substantially within the silver halide emulsion layer of the imaging element. The present invention further provides an apparatus for carrying out the above method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Assignee: Agfa Corporation
    Inventors: Henry A. Kelley, Jos Alfons Vaes, Johan Hubert Van Hunsel
  • Patent number: 5756253
    Abstract: There are described novel photographic processing compositions, film units and processes for use in diffusion transfer photographic systems. More particularly, there is described a method for forming a diffusion transfer image photographic processing of diffusion transfer photographic film units in the presence of hypoxanthine and inosine. Diffusion transfer photographic systems utilizing the novel photographic element or method of the present invention exhibit substantially fewer, if any, crystals on the final image of the finished photograph post-processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Robert D. Eckert, Michael P. Filosa, Gerard Gomes, Anthony R. Layne, Marlene C. Schwarz, Lloyd D. Taylor
  • Patent number: 5747219
    Abstract: There are described novel image-receiving elements for use in diffusion transfer photographic systems. The novel image-receiving elements include a layer capable of reducing the light-absorbing capacity of an optical filter agent. The layer comprises nonylphenoxypolyoxyethylene and polyoxyethylene stearate.Diffusion transfer photographic systems utilizing the novel image-receiving elements of the present invention exhibit substantial clearing of optical filter agents during about the first five minutes of photographic processing, enabling the viewing of the emerging image against a whiter, brighter background, and show substantially diminished haze in the film coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Robert L. Febonio, James A. Foley
  • Patent number: 5635321
    Abstract: A modulated writing light beam (18) having a wavelength to which an imaging element (33) is sensitive and a reference light beam (46) having a wavelength to which the imaging element (33) is insensitive are generated and simultaneously directed to a moving optical device (22) to cause the writing light beam (18) to scan across the surface of the imaging element (33) in a first scanning direction (C) and the reference light beam (46) to scan across the surface of a light detecting element (50) in the first scanning direction (C) to generate signals indicative of the position of the writing light beam (18) on the surface of the imaging element (33). The writing light beam (18) is modulated and the imaging element (33) is moved in a second scanning direction (B) in response to the signals generated by the light detecting element (50). Thereafter the exposed imaging element (33) is processed to prepare a lithographic printing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert N.V.
    Inventors: Johan Van Hunsel, Jacobus Bosschaerts
  • Patent number: 5635318
    Abstract: There is provided a method for making a lithographic printing plate according to the DTR-process from a printing plate precursor comprising on a hydrophilic surface of a support in the order given a layer of physical development nuclei and a silver halide emulsion layer from an original containing continuous tones comprising the steps of:frequency modulation screening said original to obtain screened data,image-wise exposing said printing plate precursor according to said screened data,developing a thus obtained image-wise exposed lithographic printing plate precursor by means of an alkaline processing solution in the presence of a developing agent and a silver halide solvent yielding a lithographic printing plate, characterized in that the frequency modulated halftone dot with the greatest main dimension on said lithographic printing plate has a main dimension of more than 21 .mu.m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 3, 1997
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventor: Johan Van Hunsel
  • Patent number: 5616445
    Abstract: A method for making a lithographic printing plate according to the silver salt diffusion transfer process image-wise exposes an imaging element with a high intensity short time scanning exposure. The imaging element comprises on a support in the order given a silver halide emulsion layer and a layer containing physical development nuclei. A thus obtained image-wise exposed imaging element is subsequently developed in the presence of a developing agent and silver halide solvent. The image-wise exposure is focused substantially within the silver halide emulsion layer of the imaging element. The present invention further provides an apparatus for carrying out the above method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1997
    Assignee: Agfa Division, Bayer Corporation
    Inventors: Henry A. Kelley, Jos Alfons Vaes, Johan H. Van Hunsel
  • Patent number: 5604079
    Abstract: There is described a photographic system wherein development of an exposed photosensitive element is carried out in the presence of an acylpyridine-N-oxide compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Michael P. Filosa, Edward D. Kingsley, Kenneth C. Waterman
  • Patent number: 5593809
    Abstract: There are described a diffusion transfer photographic film unit of the type wherein an image-receiving element is designed to be separated from a photosensitive element after photoexposure and processing and a photographic process which utilizes the film unit. The photographic film unit comprises a photosensitive element including a support carrying at least one silver halide emulsion, an image-receiving element comprising a support, an image-receiving layer and, optionally, an overcoat layer and/or a strip-coat layer. At least one of the image-receiving layer, overcoat layer or strip-coat layer includes a "crosslinkable material" which is crosslinked during processing. The film unit further includes means for providing an aqueous alkaline processing composition to the photosensitive element and the image-receiving element for developing an image. The aqueous alkaline processing composition includes a borate compound for crosslinking the crosslinkable material of the image-receiving element during processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1997
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Gia Y. Kim, Lloyd D. Taylor, Kenneth C. Waterman
  • Patent number: 5514517
    Abstract: A process for image formation by silver salt diffusion transfer which comprises developing an imagewise exposed photosensitive element containing a photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer with an alkaline processing element containing a silver halide solvent to thereby convert at least part of the silver halide present in the unexposed area of the emulsion layer into a transferable silver complex and then transferring at least part of the silver complex to an image-receiving element containing an image-receiving layer containing silver-precipitating nuclei to thereby form an image on the image-receiving element, said silver halide emulsion contained in the silver halide emulsion layer in the photosensitive element being a tabular grain emulsion which is obtained by chemically sensitizing tabular silver halide grains and depositing a silver iodobromide having a silver iodide content of from 2 to 15 mol % on the surface of the resulting grains in an amount of from 3 to 20 mol % and which has a total average
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Koukichi Waki
  • Patent number: 5445914
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for making an offset printing plate according to the silver salt diffusion transfer process using rinsing water, characterized in that alkali is added to said rinsing water before washing at most 20 m.sup.2 of said exposed and developed imaging element and/or before being in use for more than 24 hours in such an amount that a pH in said washing water between 10.5 and 13 is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 29, 1995
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Paul Coppens, Augustin Meisters, Ludovicus Vervloet
  • Patent number: 5405729
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for making an offset printing plate according to the silver salt diffusion transfer process using rinsing water, characterized in that said rinsing water before washing at most 20 m.sup.2 of said exposed and developed imaging element and/or before being in use for more than 24 hours is brought in contact with (i) a metal of the group IB or IIB or VIII of the periodic table or (ii) with an alloy containing at least one of said metals or (iii) with a salt containing an ion of at least one of said metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1995
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Paul Coppens, Ludovicus Vervloet, Augustin Meisters, Jean-Pierre Tahon
  • Patent number: 5399457
    Abstract: A method of making a lithographic printing plate that comprises the steps of:(a) imagewise exposing a unitary, light sensitive material which consists of a support, at least one negative working light sensitive silver halide layer and a surface physical development nucleating layer, said construction containing a developing agent and electron transfer agent in one or more layers;(b) processing said printing plate in a diffusion transfer alkaline activator solution containing at least one aminocarboxylic acid complexing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Paul Davies, Elsie A. Fohrenkamm
  • Patent number: 5348836
    Abstract: The present invention provides a photographic material comprising on a support photosensitive silver halide particles, and substantially light insensitive silver salt particles having a speed at least a factor 10 less under the same conditions of exposure and development of said photosensitive silver halide particles than said photosensitive silver halide particles and a releasing compound of formula (I) or (II) as specified in the claims capable of image-wise releasing sulphide or a sulphide under conditions for image-wise development of said photosensitive silver halide particles to silver. The present invention further provides a method for obtaining an image and a lithographic printing plate with said photographic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Ludo Van Rompuy, Jean-Marie Dewanckele
  • Patent number: 5340692
    Abstract: The present invention provides an image receiving material comprising on a support an image receiving layer containing physical development nuclei characterised in that said image receiving material contains a nacreous pigment in said image receiving layer and/or in an optional layer between said support and said image receiving layer. Excellent contone images with an antique look can be obtained with such an image receiving material in a silver salt diffusion transfer process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Leon Vermeulen, Robert Pauwels
  • Patent number: 5324622
    Abstract: The present invention provides a photographic material comprising on a support (i) photosensitive silver halide particles, (ii) substantially light insensitive silver salt particles having a speed at least a factor 10 less than said photosensitive silver halide particles under the same conditions of exposure and development of said photosensitive silver halide particles and (iii) a releasing compound capable of image-wise releasing under the conditions for image-wise development of said photosensitive silver halide to silver a chemical sensitizer, said chemical sensitizer rendering said substantially light insensitive silver salt particles developable. The present invention also provides a method for making an image therewith and a method for making a lithographic printing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Ludo L. Van Rompuy, Jean-Marie O. Dewanckele, Jos A. Vaes, Marcel J. Monbaliu
  • Patent number: 5322759
    Abstract: A photographic donor material useful in forming continuous tone images in a silver salt diffusion transfer process is comprised of a support; a photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer in which the silver halide is at least 80% silver chloride and is substantially free of iodide; and, located between the photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer and the support, a silver halide emulsion layer which is non-photosensitive under the conditions in which the donor material is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1994
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Anthony M. Barnett, David A. Hallbery, Roger J. Owers
  • Patent number: 5290661
    Abstract: A method for sorting images by silver salt diffusion transfer comprisingimagewise exposing a light-sensitive element comprising a light-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer,developing the light-sensitive element in the presence of a silver halide solvent using an alkaline processing composition to turn at least a part of unexposed silver halide of the light-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer into a transfer silver halide complex salt, andtransferring at least a part of the silver halide complex salt to an image receiving layer comprising a silver precipitating agent to form images on the image receiving layer,wherein at least one compound represented by formula (I) is added to at least one of the light-sensitive element, an image receiving element comprising the image receiving layer, and the processing composition in an amount of at least 1.times.10.sup.-6 and less than 1.times.10.sup.-2 mol based on one mol of silver applied per unit area (m.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshio Idota, Makoto Ishihara, Morio Yagihara
  • Patent number: 5273858
    Abstract: Method for making lithographic aluminum offset printing plates according to the DTR-process by photo-exposing a photosensitive monosheet layer assemblage comprising a hydrophilic aluminum foil, an intermediate layer comprising hydrophobic polymer beads prepared by polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated monomer(s) and having an average diameter not lower than 0.2 .mu.m, and a silver halide emulsion layer, applying an aqueous alkaline solution to the photo-exposed silver halide emulsion layer in the presence of a developing agent and a silver halide solvent to form a silver image and to allow unreduced silver halide or complexes formed thereof to diffuse imagewise from the developed silver halide emulsion layer to said aluminum foil to produce thereon a silver image, and separating said emulsion layer and said intermediate layer from the imaged aluminum foil. The invention also relates to the photosensitive monosheet layer assemblage used for making such printing plates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Paul J. Coppens, Joan T. Vermeersch, Luc H. Leenders, Ludovicus H. Vervloet, Eric M. Hoes, Eddie R. Daems
  • Patent number: 5268253
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for making a lithographic printing plate according to the DTR-process comprising the steps of:information-wise exposing an imaging element comprising on a support in the order given a photosensitive layer containing a silver halide emulsion and a layer containing physical development nuclei;developing said information-wise exposed imaging element in the presence of developing agent(s) and silver halide solvent(s)characterized in that said silver halide emulsion comprises said silver halide in an amount of at least 2 g/m.sup.2 (expressed as AgNO.sub.3), said development is carried out in the presence of a physical development restraining compound and wherein imaging elements comprising a positive working silver halide emulsion of the internal latent image type are excluded. Lithographic printing plates with substantially improved printing endurance are obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1993
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventor: Ludo Van Rompuy
  • Patent number: 5262271
    Abstract: According to the present invention a method for producing a negative image is provided, comprising the following steps:image-wise exposing an imaging element comprising on a support, a light-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer comprising silver halide grains having an average volume of not more than 0.02 .mu.m.sup.3 and a layer containing non-light-sensitive water insoluble silver salt, to produce a latent image in said layer of light-sensitive silver halidedeveloping said latent image to produce physical development nuclei of silverdissolving the non-light-sensitive silver salts using a silver salt complexing agent andallowing the thus formed silver salt complexes to diffuse to the layer containing said image-wise formed physical development nuclei of silver to image-wise deposit and develop said silver salt complexes on said image-wise formed physical development nuclei of silver in the presence of (a) developing agent(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1993
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Jean-Pierre D. Tahon, Wilhelmus Janssens
  • Patent number: 5244771
    Abstract: A novel class of bridged indicator dyes is disclosed which possess absorption in the infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. These bridged indicator dyes are useful as light-absorbing, pH-sensitive optical filter agents in diffusion transfer photographic processes adapted to be performed in the presence of ambient light and to diffusion transfer products useful in such processes. These indicator dyes will also find utility in titrations and other analytical techniques and products where pH-sensitive indicator dyes are employed and absorption of infrared is useful.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1993
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Charles E. Jandrue, Sr., Marcis M. Kampe, Myron S. Simon, David P. Waller, David C. Whritenour
  • Patent number: 5236805
    Abstract: A method of image formation by silver salt diffusion transfer in which a photosensitive element which contains an imagewise exposed photosensitive silver halide emulsion layer is developed, in the presence of a silver halide solvent, using an alkaline processing composition, in which at least a portion of the unexposed silver halide in the emulsion layer is converted to a transferable silver complex salt, and in which at least a portion of the silver complex salt is transferred into a silver precipitant containing image forming layer to form an image in the image receiving layer wherein a hydroxylamine developing agent is included in the processing composition and at least two stabilizing compounds having two different heterocyclic rings which are represented by the general formula (I) indicated below are included in the silver halide emulsion layer: ##STR1## wherein Q represents a group of atoms which is required to form a five or six membered heterocyclic ring, and wherein the heterocyclic ring which is for
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1993
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshio Idota, Osami Tanabe, Morio Yatihara
  • Patent number: 5204212
    Abstract: An aqueous alkaline processing liquid suitable for use in the silver complex diffusion transfer reversal (DTR-) process, wherein said liquid contains 3-(N,N-diethylamino)propane-1,2-diol and contains phosphate ions in a concentration of not more than 0.03 mol/l.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventor: Jean-Pierre D. Tahon
  • Patent number: 5200295
    Abstract: A method for the production of a silver image by the silver complex diffusion transfer reversal process, said method comprising the following steps:(I) image-wise photo-exposing a silver halide emulsion layer of a photographic silver halide emulsion having in waterpermeable relationship with the silver halide at least one developing agent,(II) wetting with a practically neutral aqueous liquid the said photo-exposed silver halide emulsion layer and/or wetting with said liquid a development nuclei containing layer of an image-receiving material as defined hereinafter and contacting said materials thereby bringing said layers into waterpermeable relationship with each other, and(III) separating the contacted materials after formation in the image-receiving material of a silver image,wherein said image-receiving material contains in co-operable relationship: (i) physical development nuclei, (ii) a silver halide solvent being a silver complexing agent or precursor thereof, (iii) a watersoluble sulfite or sulfite p
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1993
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert N.V.
    Inventors: Leon L. Vermeulen, Robert S. Pauwels, Jean-Marie O. Dewanckele
  • Patent number: 5196290
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for making a lithographic aluminium offset printing plate comprising the steps of:information-wise exposing an imaging element comprising on an aluminium support a layer of physical development nuclei and a silver halide emulsion layerdeveloping said information-wise exposed imaging element in the presence of a silver halide solvent to obtain a silver image in said layer of physical development nuclei andremoving all layers on top of said silver image to expose said silver image by means of washing with rinsing water characterized in that said rinsing water has a pH of 4 to 8 and is bufferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1993
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Paul J. Coppens, Ludovicus H. Vefvloet, Eric M. Hoes
  • Patent number: 5176981
    Abstract: A light-sensitive transfer material is disclosed, which comprises a substantially transparent support; a physical development nucleus layer for diffusion transfer process using silver halide emulsion on one side of said support; and a release layer and, a color material layer containing a dye or a pigment and a photoresist layer, or a photoresist layer containing a dye or a pigment, sequentially on the side of said support opposite from said physical development nucleus layer. An image-forming method employing this light-sensitive transfer material is also disclosed.Further, a light-sensitive transfer material is disclosed, which comprises a substantially transparent support; a light-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer; and a release layer and, a color material layer containing a dye or a pigment and a photoresist layer, or a photoresist layer containing a dye or pigment, sequentially on the side of said support opposite from said physical development nucleus layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1993
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Fumiaki Shinozaki, Shunzo Yagami
  • Patent number: 5122433
    Abstract: An image recording method, where the image is transferred by superposing an exposed light-sensitive material and an image receiving material on the surface of a drum.Before superposing, in circumferential direction with respect to the axial direction of the drum reduced or magnified image is exposed onto the light-sensitive material.When a reduced image has been exposed, the exposed light-sensitive material will be positioned between the image receiving material and the surface of the drum. When a magnified image has been exposed, the image receiving material will be positioned between the exposed light-sensitive material and the surface of the drum. In this way an image without distortions will be transferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hitoshi Kawaguchi
  • Patent number: 5102770
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a photosensitive material for silver complex diffusion transfer process containing a hydroxybenzene developing agent which comprises coating at least one gelatin-containing coating solution on a support to form photographic layers including a photosensitive layer and drying the coat, said drying being carried out by raising surface wet-bulb temperature of the coat to 14.degree. C. or higher before gelatin concentration in the coat reaches at most about 30% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Susumu Baba, Akio Yoshida, Yasuo Tsubai
  • Patent number: 5073473
    Abstract: A method for forming an image by silver salt diffusion transfer is described, comprises processing an imagewise exposed photosensitive element provided with a layer of photosensitive silver halide emulsion on a support, and an image-receiving element provided with an image-receiving layer containing a silver-precipitating agent on a support, with an alkali processing composition in the presence of a silver halide solvent, to convert at least part of the unexposed silver halide in the emulsion layer into a transferable silver complex salt, to transfer at least part of said complex salt into the image-receiving layer, and to form an image in the image-receiving layer; the processing being carried out in the presence of at least one compound as described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1991
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keizo Koya, Yoshio Idota
  • Patent number: 5057395
    Abstract: Disclosed is a silver complex diffusion transfer process which comprises processing a photosensitve material comprising a support and at least a silver halide emulsion layer provided thereon and an image receiving material comprising a support and at least an image receiving layer provided thereon which are brought into close contact with each other in a developing processing solution. This process is characterized in that said image receiving layer has 1-3 g/m.sup.2 of a hydrophilic colloid at least 80% by weight of which is gelatin; total amount of hydrophilic colloid present on the emulsion layer side of the photosensitive material is 5-8 g/m.sup.2 ; when the materials are immersed in a 0.1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution at 20.degree. C. for 1 minute, amount of absorbed solution per 1 g of hydrophilic colloid is 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Yasuo Tsubai, Susumu Baba, Akio Yoshida
  • Patent number: 5049475
    Abstract: A photosensitive material for diffusion transfer process is disclosed according to which characteristic such as high maximum density, high contrast and image reproducibility can be stably obtained. This photosensitive material comprises a support and, provided thereon, a silver halide emulsion layer and a hydrophilic colloid layer and which is processed in contact with an image receiving material in a processing solution for silver complex diffusion transfer process wherein at least one of the silver halide emulsion layer and the hydrophillic colloid layer permeable to water contains a hydroxybenzene developing agent; when the layers on the emulsion layer coated side are immersed in a 0.1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution at 20.degree. C. for 1 minute, amount of solution absorbed in the layers is 3.5-7.0 ml per 1 g of hydrophilic colloid; and the support comprises a paper coated with polyolefin resin on both sides and has a water content of 5.5%-7.5%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1991
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Susumu Baba, Akio Yoshida, Yasuo Tsubai
  • Patent number: 5041354
    Abstract: A photosensitive material for diffusion transfer process is disclosed which is superior in image reproducibility and running property of when processed with a processing solution for silver complex diffusion transfer process. This photosensitive material is characterized in that total binder amount on the silver halide emulsion coated side of the photosensitive material is 6-8 g/m.sup.2 and when the silver halide emulsion coated side of the photosensitive material is immersed in a 0.1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution at 20.degree. C. for 1 minute, amount of the solution absorbed and the total binder amount on the emulsion coated side is 3.5:1-5.5:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1991
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Akio Yoshida, Susumu Baba, Yasuo Tsubai
  • Patent number: 4845010
    Abstract: A method for the production of a photographic image by silver complex diffusion transfer processing wherein a negative working silver halide emulsion material having particularly high exposure latitude and being manipulatable under room light conditions without prohibitive fogging is used, said material having a low intensity reciprocity failure (L.I.R.F). The material is contact-exposed with visible light through a sheet support carrying paper paste-up material with its information facing the silver halide emulsion layer of the photographic material, and the resulting latent image is developed in the presence of a silver halide complexing agent and the thus developed silver halide emulsion material is contacted with an image-receiving material to form according to a preferred embodiment a planographic printing plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1989
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Paul J. Coppens, Marcel Stroobants, Herman L. Matthe
  • Patent number: 4818268
    Abstract: An osmoprotectant particle for use in enhancing fungus growth and particularly for use with edible mushrooms. The osmoprotectant particle includes a carrier particle, either a protein or a neutral material and a plurality of osmoprotectant microdroplets containing water soluble phosphoglyceride such as hydroxy lecithin and betaine or choline which are attached to a plurality of recesses formed about the carrier particle. Denaturation of the protein and/or control of a surface-to-volume ratio restricts access to the microdroplets such that only mushroom mycelia occuring in the later flushes will be able to utilize the phospholipid droplets. A method is provided for producing the osmoprotectant particles utilizing either the protein carrier particle or the neutral carrier particle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: Spawn Mate, Inc.
    Inventor: R. B. Holtz
  • Patent number: 4808509
    Abstract: Method of making a personal identification document exhibiting textual data and a portrait of the person, characterized in that it comprises the steps of forming a monochrome photographic textual image in a monochrome photographic silver halide material, forming a color photographic portrait image in a color photographic silver halide material, producing from these images corresponding monochrome and colored diffusion transfer images in image-receiving layers on opposite sides of a common receptor sheet, said receptor sheet, which bears the resulting diffusion transfer images, constituting a said personal identification document. The invention also provides a receptor sheet for use in such method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1989
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Ludovicus H. Vervloet, Willy P. De Smedt, Leon L. Vermeulen
  • Patent number: 4803146
    Abstract: A method for forming an image with diffusion transfer of silver salts comprising processing a photosensitive element in the presence of a fogging agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Noriyuki Inoue, Yoshio Idota, Morio Yagihara
  • Patent number: 4720447
    Abstract: Method of making images by image-wise exposing a silver halide emulsion layer, developing it with an alkaline processing solution in the presence of a silver halide solvent and causing silver complexes to diffuse from the emulsion layer into a non-light-sensitive image-receiving layer in the presence of development nuclei thereby to form a silver transfer image in that layer, said transfer image formation occurring in the presence of at least one heterocyclic azole compound, which influences the density and tone of said transfer image, said compound being contained in said image-receiving layer and/or in said processing solution and being a heterocyclic azole corresponding to the general formula: ##STR1## wherein Y is .dbd.N-- or .dbd.HC--; Z represents atoms completing a heterocycle; A is a chemical bond or the group --(L.sup.1).sub.n --Alk--(L.sup.2).sub.m -- wherein n is 0 or 1, L.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1988
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Rene M. De Keyzer, Leon L. Vermeulen, Robert J. Pollet
  • Patent number: 4695526
    Abstract: High molecular weight polymeric poly(ethylene oxide) compounds are employed as stripping agents for separating layers of photographic products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: John F. Bishop
  • Patent number: 4690884
    Abstract: A scavenger-spreader element adapted for use with a photosensitive element to form a negative image is disclosed as well as methods for processing said photosensitive element to produce the negative image. The scavenger-spreader element comprises a support carrying a hydrophilic layer, a cross-linking agent for the polymeric thickener of the photographic processing composition, a barrier layer to control diffusion of said cross-linking agent and a layer adapted to possess substantial adhesion for the cross-linked polymeric thickening agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1986
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1987
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Frank E. DeBruyn, Jr., Lucretia J. Weed
  • Patent number: 4686170
    Abstract: Photographic silver complex diffusion transfer reversal process wherein the photographic material is spectrally sensitized with a dye corresponding to the general formula of the description, wherein said dye provides to the silver halide emulsion layer a spectral sensitivity mainly in the range of 400 to 500 nm and does not extends its spectral sensitivity substantially beyond 500 nm, and wherein the handling (exposure, development and diffusion transfer) of the photographic material during said steps is effected in yellow safelight corresponding to the light transmitted by a specified cut-off filter without causing fog.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1986
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1987
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert N.V.
    Inventors: Leon L. Vermeulen, Theofiel H. Ghys, Willy P. De Smedt, Ludovicus H. Vervloet, Paul R. Callant
  • Patent number: 4677046
    Abstract: An instant photographic method uses a photosensitive member in the form of a roll, of a length to receive a plurality of exposures, and an image-receiving member in the form of either a roll or a sheet. The photosensitive member is cut off to the length of a single frame of film after the exposure of its leading end. Before or after cutting off the member or members, the exposed leading end of the photosensitive member and the image-receiving member are superposed. Between the superposed members a processing liquid is distributed and spread in a uniform layer for diffusion transfer processing. During the processing, negative and positive images are produced simultaneously on the photosensitive and image-receiving members, respectively, according to the latent image previously created on the photosensitive member by exposure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1987
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuji Oshikoshi, Masashi Katoh, Hisashi Kikuchi
  • Patent number: 4632896
    Abstract: There is disclosed a processing solution for silver complex diffusion transfer process which contains at least one amino alcohol having a pKa value of less than 9 and at least one amino alcohol having a pKa value of 9 or more which are measured in a 50 wt % aqueous ethanol solution at 25.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1985
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1986
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuo Tsubai, Koji Okazaki
  • Patent number: 4619889
    Abstract: An image forming method which comprises copying an original on a photosensitive material employing a direct reversal photographic emulsion is disclosed. The method comprises conducting ordinary exposure when the original image is a positive image and conducting exposure at high illuminance when the original image is a negative image. Thereby, it is possible to obtain a direct positive image from either the original positive or original negative image. The process is greatly advantageous with respect to forming positive images since the process can be utilized to obtain positive images regardless whether the original image is positive or negative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1984
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1986
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideo Yuyama, Motohiko Tsubota
  • Patent number: 4615966
    Abstract: This invention relates to diffusion transfer photographic processes adapted to be performed in the presence of ambient light and to diffusion transfer products useful in such processes wherein enhanced opacification particularly, in the green region of the visible spectrum is achieved by employing a 7-sulfonamido/5- or 6-sulfamoyl indole phthalein as the light-absorbing, pH-sensitive optical filter agent for the shorter wavelength region of the visible spectrum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 7, 1986
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Alan L. Borror, Efthimios Chinoporos, Cheryl P. Petersen
  • Patent number: 4604339
    Abstract: A method of developing silver halide photographic material which contains a light-sensitive silver halide emulsion and an internally-fogged silver halide emulsion, in which the internally-fogged emulsion has internal fogging nuclei at a depth of 0.02.mu. or more below the surface of the grains is disclosed. The photographic material is developed in the presence of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of tetraazaindenes containing at least one mercapto group, purines containing at least one mercapto group, triazaindenes containing at least one mercapto group and pentaazaindenes containing at least one mercapto group, to increase photographic speed, contrast and maximum density as well as remove uneven stain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1986
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tadao Sugimoto, Hideo Ikeda, Hiroyuki Mifune, Koki Nakamura
  • Patent number: 4569898
    Abstract: A photosensitive element comprising a support carrying a layer of photosensitive silver halide grains and a barrier polymer, said barrier polymer having a limited swell ratio in alkali; said barrier polymer being disposed substantially intermediate said silver halide grains and overlying said silver halide grains. In a preferred embodiment, the silver halide layer is a planar, spaced array of silver halide grains.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1984
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1986
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventor: F. Richard Cottrell