Accelerator Patents (Class 430/487)
  • Patent number: 8754350
    Abstract: An exposure apparatus includes a stage 10 for holding a substrate 8 to be exposed; a direct writing mask 6 arranged above the substrate 8 to be exposed held by the stage 10; a repeated opening pattern in which a plurality of openings each having approximately the same size are arranged in a line at approximately the same interval, provided to the mask; an irradiation mechanism for irradiating with a linear laser beam 1c along the repeated opening pattern; and a movement mechanism for moving a relative position of a laser beam which is formed in such a way that the linear laser beam formed by the laser processing mechanism passes through the plurality of openings of the opening pattern and the substrate held by the stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Osamu Nakamura, Hiroko Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 6218093
    Abstract: An aqueous solution for developing a silver halide photographic product comprises an alkanolamine in an amount greater than or equal to 0.6 mol/l, at least one wetting agent that is stable at a high pH and miscible in said developing solution, a developing agent capable of reducing the silver ions, and a quaternary ammonium salt having the following formula wherein R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently hydrogen, an alkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an aromatic carbocyclic group or heterocyclic group that can contain one or more nitrogen atoms, or R1 and R2 together, or R1, R2 and R3 together represent the atoms or bonds necessary for forming a ring with the nitrogen atom, having 5 or 6 atoms in the ring, and X is an anion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2001
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Francoise M. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6083671
    Abstract: Equidensity images can be produced directly on high contrast, thin emulsion, fine grain, silver halide process films, such as Kodak Technical Pan Film (RTM), given instantaneous outdoor camera exposure. Photographic development of the film in an aqueous alkaline solution containing a halogen- substituted hydroquinone such as 2-chlorohydroquinone, or 2-bromohydroquinone as developing agent, and thiourea, or a mono N-substituted derivative such as 1-allyl-2-thiourea, as "chemical solarizer", followed by fixation, produces continuous tone violet-blue (negative) and brown to olive-black (positive) images having applicability in semi-abstract artistic photography and in scientific photography.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Inventor: Harvey Warren Yurow
  • Patent number: 5994037
    Abstract: Color photographic elements, especially color photographic papers, can be more rapidly color developed (up to 25 seconds) in the presence of a color developing solution containing a selectively diffusible color development photochemical such as a development inhibitor. Despite the shortened processing time, color balance within the three color records of such elements is maintained. The selectively diffusible color development photochemical has size and structure that enables it to have sufficient solubility in the color developing composition, and to selectively diffuse into the topmost red-sensitive emulsion layers of the processed color papers only.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Peter J. Twist, John D. Goddard
  • Patent number: 5981153
    Abstract: Black-and-white elements, such as radiographic films, can be processed in roomlight because the developing composition includes a particulate opacifying agent, such as carbon black. Processing is carried out by processing the exposed element using a two-stage process in the same processing container. In the first stage, development is initiated with an opaque developing composition having a pH of from about 10 to about 12.5, and comprising an appropriate black-and-white developing agent in a concentration of from about 0.1 to about 0.5 mol/l, opacifying agent, and a sulfite at from about 0.1 to about 0.7 mol/l. After an appropriate time, a fixing agent (other than a sulfite) is introduced into the processing container to begin simultaneous development and fixing. The entire process in quite rapid, that is less than 90 seconds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Alan S. Fitterman, Robert E. Dickerson
  • Patent number: 5955246
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a novel method of developing a silver halide photographic product by the surface application of a developing solution. The photographic product comprises an incorporated developing agent in an amount of 0.5 mol/mol of silver, or less. The applied developing solution comprises an alkanolamine (at least 0.6 mol/l), a solution miscible wetting agent, and a developing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Fran.cedilla.oise Marie Thomas
  • Patent number: 5888694
    Abstract: A silver halide photographic material is described, which comprises a compound represented by the following formula (I) or (II):A.paren open-st.(L).sub.m --B).sub.n (I)(A--(L).sub.m .paren close-st..sub.n B (II)wherein A represents an adsorption accelerating group to silver halide or a precursor thereof; B represents a quaternised nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring and a counter ion thereof; L represents a linking group; m represents 0 or 1; and n represents an integer of from 1 to 4. An image formation method is also described, which comprises the steps of exposing the above-described silver halide photographic material and developing the exposed material with a specific developer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kohzaburoh Yamada, Toshiaki Kubo
  • Patent number: 5882847
    Abstract: A color light-sensitive material advantageous in that a ratio of .gamma. in a short time processing using a color developer containing a silver halide solvent to .gamma. in a standard time processing using a color developer containing no silver halide solvent is from 0.8 to 1.2 in any case of yellow, magenta and cyan and an image formation method using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akimitsu Haijima, Toshihiro Nishikawa
  • Patent number: 5837434
    Abstract: The invention concerns a developer solution for processing silver halide photographic products. This developer solution contains an ascorbic acid developing agent, a auxiliary developing agent which is a substituted phenidone and a development accelerator which is a thioether having an ammonium group, a triazolium thiolate or a substituted thioalkane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Jacques Roussilhe, Siu-Chung Tsoi
  • Patent number: 5789143
    Abstract: This invention relates to a silver halide color photographic element comprising a support, a silver halide emulsion and poly(thioether)s wherein greater than 50 percent of the poly(thioether)s have acidic functional end groups with an aqueous pKa.ltoreq.10, or end groups which will react to form acidic functional end groups with an aqueous pKa.ltoreq.10 during development, on both termini and wherein the poly(thioether)s have a molecular weight greater than 800.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: George J. Burgmaier, David A. Dickinson, Robert A. Guistina
  • Patent number: 5738980
    Abstract: Processing of color photographic materials can be accomplished using an aqueous redox amplifier composition comprising a color developing agent, an antioxidant therefor, hydrogen peroxide, and a stabilizing amount of nitrite ions to reduce dye loss during storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1998
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Peter Jeffrey Twist, Christopher John Winscom
  • Patent number: 5705312
    Abstract: There is described a photographic system wherein development of an exposed photosensitive element is carried out in the presence of a quaternary pyridinium compound which has a fused 5 - to 12 - member saturated carbocyclic ring attached to the 2 and 3 positions of the pyridine ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Donna J. Guarrera, Neil C. Mattucci, Avinash C. Mehta, Lloyd D. Taylor, John C. Warner
  • Patent number: 5691130
    Abstract: A color recording photographic element is disclosed containing a support and, superimposed on the support, blue, green and red recording layer units. The layer unit nearest the support contains a high chloride tabular grain emulsion and an optionally esterified glycolic ether having a molecular weight of at least 300 and containing at least one thioether moiety. The layer unit farthest from the support is free of the optionally esterified glycol compound. The advantages realized are an increased imaging density range, increased sensitivity, and increased contrast.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Lois Ann Buitano, Richard Peter Szajewski
  • Patent number: 5658715
    Abstract: A silver halide color reversal photographic light-sensitive material processing method which forms a color reversal image by performing first black-and-white development, fogging process, color reversal development, and desilvering process by using a color reversal developer with a composition containing a non-dye-forming competing coupler, a silver halide fogging agent, and a carboxybenzenesulfonic acid compound and not containing hydroxylamine or its derivative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 19, 1997
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Nakamura, Yasuhisa Ogawa
  • Patent number: 5652086
    Abstract: Radiographic films can be processed using conventional developing agents, either in the films or in solution. The films also include from about 0.02 to about 1 mg/dm.sup.2 of thialkylene bis(ammonium salt). The solution used for development is replenished at a low rate with a chemical base as the sole developer replenishing agent. The chemical base maintains developer composition pH at from about 9 to about 11 and enables processing of films without the use of conventional developer replenishing solutions or replenishment rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Franklin Charles Brayer, Robert Edward Dickerson, Stephen Alan Hershey, Patrick Michael Jeffries
  • Patent number: 5637447
    Abstract: A radiation-sensitive film for reproducing digitally stored medical diagnostic images through a series of laterally offset exposures by a controlled radiation source followed byprocessing in 90 seconds or less including development, fixing and drying is disclosed. The film exhibits an average contrast in the range of from 1.5 to 2.0, measured over a density above fog of from 0.25 to 2.0. An emulsion is provided in which silver bromochloride grains provided (a) containing at least 10 mole percent bromide, based on silver, (b) having a mean equivalent circular diameter of less than 0.40 .mu.m, (c) exhibiting an average aspect ratio of less than 1.3, and (d) coated at a silver coverage of less than 40 mg/dm.sup.2. Adsorbed to the surfaces of the silver bromochloride grains is at least one spectral sensitizing dye having an absorption half peak bandwidth in the spectral region of exposure by the controlled exposure source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Robert E. Dickerson, Richard E. Beal, Franklin C. Brayer, Stephen A. Hershey, Patrick M. Jeffries
  • Patent number: 5607819
    Abstract: There is disclosed a color developer and a method for processing a silver halide color photographic material using said color developer. The color developer comprises a thiourea compound represented by the formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, and R.sub.4 each represent a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkylene group, provided that two or more of R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, and R.sub.4 each do not represent a hydrogen atom at the same time; at least one pair of R.sub.1 and R.sub.3, and R.sub.2 and R.sub.4, together may bond to form a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring; or at least one pair of R.sub.1 and R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 and R.sub.4, together may bond to form a ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1997
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takatoshi Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 5604082
    Abstract: A method has been disclosed of processing an exposed silver halide photographic material comprising at least one coated hydrophilic silver halide emulsion layer comprising tabular grains rich in chloride, bounded by [100] or [111] major faces, characterized by the steps of developing, followed by fixing, rinsing and drying the said material, wherein developing proceeds in a developer, comprising hydroquinone in an amount from 0 to 30 g per liter, an auxiliary developer, as silver halide complexing agents alkali metal sulphite salts in an amount from 1 to 50 g per liter, at least 1 g of a compound corresponding to the formula (I), a precursor thereof, a derivative thereof and/or a metal salt thereof ##STR1## wherein the substituents are defined in the main embodiment of the specification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Freddy Henderickx, Hieronymus Andriessen, Ann Verbeeck
  • Patent number: 5604079
    Abstract: There is described a photographic system wherein development of an exposed photosensitive element is carried out in the presence of an acylpyridine-N-oxide compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventors: Michael P. Filosa, Edward D. Kingsley, Kenneth C. Waterman
  • Patent number: 5506092
    Abstract: A method of developing with developer an exposed black and white silver halide photographic light-sensitive material is disclosed, the developer containing a compound represented by the following Formula (1a) , (1b) , (2) or (3) and a compound represented by the following Formula (4) or (5): ##STR1##
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1996
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Wataru Ishikawa, Takeshi Sampei
  • Patent number: 5503966
    Abstract: Photographic developing compositions are provided that are free of dihydroxybenzene developing agents and are used in the processing of photographic elements. The developing compositions have a pH in the range of from 10.1 to 10.9 and comprise at least 0.17 moles per liter of an ascorbic acid developing agent, 0.3 to 0.5 moles per liter of a sulfite and 0.2 to 0.4 moles per liter of a carbonate buffer. Also provided is an ecologically advantageous method for processing photographic elements which utilizes the non-toxic developing compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventors: Sylvia Adae-Amoakoh, Bruce M. Resnick
  • Patent number: 5496680
    Abstract: There is disclosed a color diffusion transfer light-sensitive material in which a transferred density is increased and a processing temperature dependency of the transferred density is improved to a large extent. The above light-sensitive material comprises a color diffusion transfer light-sensitive element containing at least one of the compounds represented by the following Formula (I), and an alkali processing composition: ##STR1## wherein R.sup.1 represents an alkyl group; X represents an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group, an acylamino group, a sulfonylamino group, a ureido group, an alkylthio group, an arylthio group, an alkoxycarbonyl group, a carbamoyl group, a sulfamoyl group, a sulfonyl group, an alkoxycarbonylamino group, an amino group, a sulfamoylamino group, a cyano group, a hydroxyl group, or a halogen atom; n represents an integer of 1 to 4; and when n is 2 or more, a plurality of X may be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsuhiro Ohkawa, Hiroshi Iwanaga, Hideaki Naruse, Masaaki Tsukase
  • Patent number: 5474879
    Abstract: An alkaline, hydroquinone free, aqueous black-and-white radiographic developer comprising(a) an ascorbic acid developing agent;(b) a 3-pyrazolidone auxiliary developing agent;(c) an organic antifoggant;(d) a sulfite antioxidant;(e) a buffer;(f) a sequestering agent; and(g) A development accelerator selected from formulas I and II as follows: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 represent alkyl of 1 to 8 carbon atoms or R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 taken together with N atom to which they are attached form a 6 or 7 membered ring and X represents a tosylate ion, halide, or BF.sub.4.sup.-.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Alan S. Fitterman, Joan F. Rachel
  • Patent number: 5466565
    Abstract: Color development composition and process. The compositions of this invention contain a color developer containing poly(N-hydroxyl alkyleneimine) and/or a derivative thereof, which are represented by general formula (I) shown below: ##STR1## wherein: "R" in said formula (I) represents an alkylene group, which may be substituted by a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group, a sulfo group or other similar groups and may contain carbonyl linkage, ether linkage, double bond or other similar bond or linkage, and may also have a cyclic structure;" and ".sub.n " in said formula (I) represents an integer in the range from 10 to 10,000. These compositions are used for processing silver halide-type color sensitized material. These compositions maintain the usable life of a color developer, do not cause decrease of color density or deterioration of quality of photographs such as fogging, and have no odor or deleterious substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Chugai Phote Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuki Shigemori, Hisao Kamo
  • Patent number: 5460919
    Abstract: A process of forming a super high-contrast negative image is disclosed, which comprises the steps of imagewise exposing a negative-working silver halide photographic material comprising a support having thereon one or more hydrophilic colloidal layers, at least one of the one or more hydrophilic colloidal layers being a negative-working silver halide emulsion layer, and then developing the photographic material with a developer containing an aminophenol derivative developing agent and a reductone compound in the existence of an organic compound having a negative reduction potential. A negative-working silver halide photographic material and a photographic developer being used for the image-forming process are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1995
    Assignee: Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Naoki Obi, Yasuhiko Kojima, Yasuo Shigemitsu, Jun Takeuchi, Kiyoshi Suematsu
  • Patent number: 5429913
    Abstract: Photographic coupler compositions comprise a magenta dye-forming coupler and an alcohol in an amount sufficient to increase the activity of the dye-forming coupler. The alcohol is of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of (a) unsubstituted alkyl and alkenyl groups, (b) alkyl groups containing one or more substitutents selected from the group consisting of aryl groups, alkenyl groups, halogen atoms, alkoxy groups, alkoxy carbonyl groups and acyloxy groups, (c) unsubstituted aryl groups and (d) aryl groups containing one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups, alkoxy groups, alkoxy carbonyl groups and acyloxy groups; and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are individually selected from hydrogen and the group of moieties from which R is selected, provided that the total number of carbon atoms contained in R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 is at least 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 4, 1995
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Paul B. Merkel, Edward Schofield
  • Patent number: 5418111
    Abstract: Disclosed is a color diffusion transfer photographic material improved in transfer density (Dmax) and treating temperature dependency thereof on color diffusion transfer, comprising a color diffusion transfer light-sensitive element containing at least one compound represented by the following formula (I) and an alkali treating composition: ##STR1## wherein X represents an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aralkyl group, an alkenyl group, an aryl group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxyl group, an acylamino group, a sulfonylamino group, a ureido group, an alkylthio group, an arylthio group, an alkoxycarbonyl group, a carbamoyl group, a sulfamoyl group, a sulfonyl group, an acyl group, a urethane group, an amino group, a sulfamoylamino groups, a cyano group, a hydroxyl group, a phosphonic acid ester group or a heterocyclic group; n represents an integer of 1 to 5; Xs may be the same or different, when n is 2, 3, 4 or 5; two Xs may be combined with each other to form a saturated ring or an unsaturated ring, when n
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 23, 1995
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideaki Naruse, Masaaki Tsukase
  • Patent number: 5385811
    Abstract: A method for processing silver halide photographic material is disclosed, which has a support thereon at least one silver halide emulsion layer and at least one protective layer provided over said emulsion layer in which each of the photographic materials contains colloidal silica in at least one emulsion layer and is at most 200% in the total swelling degree of the whole hydrophilic colloid layers provided on the side of said emulsion layer, and after optical exposure said photographic materials are developed with a developer adjusted to pH 9.5-12.0 and containing at least (1) a hydroquinone developing agent in a concentration of from 0.2 to 0.75 mole/l, (2) an auxiliary developing agent of 1-phenyl-3-pyrazolidone type and/or an auxiliary developing agent of p-aminophenol type in a concentration of from 0.001 to 0.06 mole/l, (3) free sulfite ions in a concentration of from 0.3 to 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1995
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Mitsunori Hirano
  • Patent number: 5384232
    Abstract: A process of developing exposed silver halide elements comprises developing said element in a developer in the presence of a development accelerator compound as defined. The development accelerator compounds include pyridinium, or pyridinium and and imidazolium compounds. The process is applicable to standard and hydrazine-containing films and to hydroquinone and/or ascorbic acid-based developers. The development accelerator may be incorporated into the developer or into the silver halide emulsion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Julie C. Bishop, Dominic M. Chan, Dennis S. Donald, Ludovic Fodor, William R. Pangratz, Glenn M. Russo, John R. Shock
  • Patent number: 5376509
    Abstract: A processing chemical for light-sensitive silver halide photographic material, comprising a cyclodextrin compound, which can contribute a decrease in packaging materials, transportation cost and storage space, can be free from lateral cracking at the formation of tablets, and can bring about an improvement in storage stability after being formed into processing solutions (i.e., more free from occurrence of stain during developing and scratches in light-sensitive materials having been processed, caused by deposition of crystals).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 27, 1994
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Yoshimoto, Shoji Nishio, Hideki Komatsu, Satomi Kawasaki
  • Patent number: 5372911
    Abstract: A process of forming a super high-contrast negative image is disclosed, which comprises the steps of imagewise exposing a negative-working silver halide photographic material comprising a support having thereon one or more hydrophilic colloidal layers, at least one of the one or more hydrophilic colloidal layers being a negative-working silver halide emulsion layer, and then developing the photographic material with a developer containing an aminophenol derivative developing agent and a reductone compound in the existence of an organic compound having a negative reduction potential. A negative-working silver halide photographic material and a photographic developer being used for the image-forming process are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1994
    Assignee: Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Naoki Obi, Yasuhiko Kojima, Yasuo Shigemitsu, Jun Takeuchi, Kiyoshi Suematsu
  • Patent number: 5354646
    Abstract: A method of colour-developing a silver halide colour light-sensitive material having plural silver halide emulsion layers each containing substantially silver chlorobromide. At least one of the layers has a silver chloride content of not less than 20 mol %, and a colour developer being used in the colour developing method contains the compounds each represented by the following formula [I]: ##STR1## According to the processing method, a colour photographic image having a satisfactory colour density can be obtained by a rapid development process and the excellent preservability for a long standing of the colour developer can be displayed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Konishiroku Photo Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Kobayashi, Shigeharu Koboshi, Masao Ishikawa, Masayuki Kurematsu, Yoko Matsushima
  • Patent number: 5344750
    Abstract: A color development process for processing an imagewise exposed silver halide color photographic material comprising a support having thereon at least one light-sensitive silver halide emulsion layer comprising a color coupler and a silver iodobromide emulsion containing silver iodide in an amount of from 2 to 20 mol %, comprising the step of processing the color photographic material in a color developing solution containing a color developing agent and bromide ion for 40 seconds to 90 seconds, wherein the color developing agent is represented by formula (D'): ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1d, and R.sub.2d, each represents an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and L.sub.1 represents a straight-chain or branched alkylene group having 3 or 4 carbon atoms, the concentration {Br.sup.- } of bromide ion in the color developing solution is from 30 to 60 mmol/l, the relationship between the concentration {R} of the color developing agent in the color developing solution and the concentration {Br.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Fujimoto, Masato Taniguchi
  • Patent number: 5344741
    Abstract: The present invention provides a developer for silver halide photographic light-sensitive materials which provides super-high contrast and is improved in stability with time. This developer contains at least (1) a developing agent, (2) 10 g/l or more of a hydroquinonemonosulfonate, (3) 0.3 mol/l or more of a sulfite and (4) an amino compound in an amount necessary to accelerate enhancement of contrast and has a pH of 10.5-12.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1994
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Tamotu Iwata, Seiichi Sumi
  • Patent number: 5340705
    Abstract: An aqueous alkaline processing liquid for use in silver halide photography, wherein said liquid comprises one or more alkanolamines, the said alkanolamines consisting of one or more tertiary alkanolamines in a total amount in the range from 0.3 mol/l to 1.5 mol/l, and one or more secondary alkanolamines in an amount from 0 mol % to 30 mol % with respect to the amount of tertiary alkanolamine(s), and said liquid also contains sulphite ions in an amount in the range of 16 g/l to 30 g/l.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: AGFA-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Rene De Keyzer, Raymond L. Odeurs, Luc A. De Brabandere
  • Patent number: 5288590
    Abstract: A high contrast photographic image is formed by development of a photographic material with an amine-free developer having a low pH value. The photographic material has at least one silver halide emulsion on a support. The silver halide emulsion in the emulsion layer contains an iridium salt and/or a rhodium salt and comprises a gold-sensitized and sulfur-sensitized silver chlorobromide emulsion or silver chloroiodobromide emulsion having a silver chloride content of 50 mol% or more and a silver iodide content of 5 mol% or less. The emulsion layer contains a hydrazine compound represented by formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 represents an aliphatic group or an aromatic group, which contains a partial structure, --O(--CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 O).sub.n --, --O(--CH.sub.2 CH(CH.sub.3)O).sub.n -- or --O(--CH.sub.2 CH(OH)CH.sub.2 O).sub.n --, wherein n is an integer of 3 or more, as a part of the R.sub.1 substituent, or contains a quaternary ammonium cation as a part of the R.sub.1 substituent; G.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ken-ichi Kuwabara, Takashi Hoshimiya
  • Patent number: 5288596
    Abstract: A black and white direct positive image forming process is disclosed. The process comprises imagewise exposing to light a silver halide light sensitive material and developing the material with a black and white developing solution. The light-sensitive material comprises a non-pre-fogged internal latent image type silver halide emulsion layer provided on a support. The material further contains a quaternary salt nucleating agent and a nucleating accelerator. In the present invention, the black and white developing solution contains an imidazole compound and a benzotriazole compound. The amount of the benzotriazole compound is preferably in the range of 0.1 to 10 wt.% of the amount of the imidazole compound. The black and white direct positive image is preferably formed on a computer output microfilm (COM).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 22, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Katsumi Hayashi
  • Patent number: 5284732
    Abstract: A silver halide light-sensitive material containing a hydrazine compound represented by formula (I): ##STR1## wherein L.sup.1 represents a single bond, --O--, --S--, --NR.sup.6 --, --CO--, SO.sub.2 --, --P(O) (G.sup.2 R.sup.6)-- or a combination thereof; L.sup.2 represents --SO.sub.2 NR.sup.6 --, --NR.sup.6 SO.sub.2 NR.sup.6 --, --CONR.sup.6 --, --NR.sup.6 CONR.sup.6 -- or --G.sup.2 P(O) (G.sup.2 R.sup.6)NR.sup.6 --; G.sup.1 represents --CO--, --SO.sub.2 --, --SO--, --COCO--, a thiocarbonyl group, an iminomethylene group or --P(O) (G.sup.2 R.sup.6)--; G.sup.2 represents a single bond, --O-- or --NR.sup.6 --; R.sup.1 represents an aliphatic group or an aromatic group; R.sup.2, R.sup.3, and R.sup.4 each represent a divalent aliphatic group or a divalent aromatic group; R.sup.5 represents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic group, an aromatic group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group or an amino group; R.sup.6 represents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic group or an aromatic group; m represents 0 or 1; and X.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 8, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazumi Nii, Toshihide Ezoe
  • Patent number: 5283158
    Abstract: Disclosed is a silver halide photographic light-sensitive material comprising a support having thereon at least one silver halide emulsion layer, a hydrazine compound is contained in said silver emulsion layer or at least one of other layers, wherein said material contains at least one compound represented by Formula I or Formula II, ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 each independently represent an alkyl group, an alkenyl group or an alkynyl group respectively; R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 may form a ring; R.sub.3 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, an aryl group or a heterocyclic group; L.sub.1 represents a divalent linking group; X represents a --[S--L.sub.2 --Y--(L.sub.3)n]-- group or a [--(L.sub.3)n--Y--L.sub.2 --S--]-- group, L.sub.2 represents an alkylene group or an alkenylene group, Y represents a carbonyl group, a sulfonyl group, a sulfoxy group, a phosphoryl group, L.sub.3 represents ##STR2## wherein Z.sub.1, Z.sub.2 and Z.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 1, 1994
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Onodera, Yasushi Usagawa
  • Patent number: 5283167
    Abstract: A direct-positive image-forming photographic material comprises a supporting substrate bearing a light sensitive, nonprefogged silver halide photographic emulsion capable of forming an internal latent image and includes a water-insoluble nucleator. The nucleator is incorporated in the photographic material in the form of a solid particle dispersion to improve the storage stability of the photographic material. The development rate of the photographic material may be increased by use of a developer containing an activator for the nucleator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 1, 1994
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Krishnan Chari, Douglas E. Corbin, Glenn M. Brown, Harry A. Hoyen
  • Patent number: 5278025
    Abstract: A method for forming an image comprising the steps of: (a) imagewise exposing silver halide photographic materials; where said photographic material contains (1) a compound represented by formula (I) ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 represents an aliphatic group or an aromatic group; R.sub.2 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or an aryl group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group, an amino group, a carbamoyl group, or an oxycarbonyl group; G.sub.1 represents a carbonyl group, a sulfonyl group, a sulfoxy group, ##STR2## or an iminomethylene group; and A.sub.1 and A.sub.2 both represent a hydrogen atom, or one of A.sub.1 or A.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 11, 1994
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hisashi Okamura, Kazunobu Katoh, Tetsuro Kojima
  • Patent number: 5275915
    Abstract: A developer for light-sensitive material capable of processing in common a negative-working light-sensitive lithographic printing plate and a positive-working light-sensitive printing plate as well as a developing agent-containing type silver halide photographic material, is disclosed. The developer comprises an alkali agent, an anionic surface active agent, an antifoggant for a silver halide photographic material, and an alkylene oxide addition product (molecular weight of from 130 to 1200) of an aromatic amine or an aralkyl amine, and has pH of the range of from 11.5 to 13.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 4, 1994
    Assignee: Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Yasuhiko Kojima, Yasuo Shigemitsu
  • Patent number: 5264330
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method for processing a silver halide color photographic material containing a yellow coupler represented by formula (Y) with a color developer containing an aromatic primary amine color developing agent and a polymer of vinyl alcohol or vinyl pyrrolidone series. The disclosure described provides a method for development processing wherein yellow stain and processing nonuniformity in a running processing can be prevented effectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 23, 1993
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuaki Yoshida, Takatoshi Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 5254443
    Abstract: A photographic direct positive material is disclosed comprising a support and one or more radiation sensitive emulsion layers containing internal latent image-forming silver halide grains characterized in that at least one of said emulsion layers further contains a masked stabilizer corresponding to general formula (I): ##STR1## wherein Z represents a lower alkyl group, a nitro group or a halogen atom, n=0 to 4, and M represents a positive counterion.Preferred compounds are 1-(2-sulphonatobenzoyl)-5-methyl-benzotriazole, 1-(2-sulphonatobenzoyl)-6-methyl-benzotriazole or a mixture of both.The masked stabilizer is preferably incorporated in the emulsion layer(s). The material preferably further contains a nucleating agent. Improved direct positive sensitometric properties and wider exposure latitude before encountering rereversal are obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1993
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Piet Kok, Jean-Marie O. Dewanckele
  • Patent number: 5232823
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for the development of a silver halide light-sensitive black and white material, wherein a silver halide light-sensitive material is developed in the presence of at least one compound represented by the following general formula (I): ##STR1## wherein M represents a hydrogen atom, an alkali metal atom, an ammonium group or a group which is cleaved under alkaline conditions; L represents a bivalent organic group comprising an alkylene group, an alkenylene group, an ether group, a thioether group, --CO--, --CS-- or --NR-- (wherein R represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group) alone or a combination of two or more of them; X represents an amino group, an ammonio group, a hydroxyl group or a heterocyclic group; and n represents 0 or 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1993
    Assignee: Fuji Photo Film Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Morimoto, Takashi Toyoda
  • Patent number: 5217842
    Abstract: A process of forming superhigh-contrast negative images is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of imagewise exposing a substantially surface latent image-type silver halide photographic material which is spectrally sensitized with a sensitizing dye and then developing said photographic material with a developer, wherein said photographic material contains a heterocyclic thione compound and said developer comprises (a) an aminophenol derivative developing agent, (b) a reductone compound, (c) a quaternary ammonium salt, and (d) a compound represented by formula (I): ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3, which may be the same or different, each represents a hydrogen atom, a nitro group, a halogen atom, or a cyano group, and wherein said development processing is carried out in the existence of at least one kind of a polyalkylene oxide or a derivative thereof. The process provides negative images of superhigh contrast having gamma over 10 substantially free from appearance of pepper.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: Dainippon Ink and Chemical, Inc.
    Inventors: Yasuhiko Kojima, Naoki Obi, Yasuo Shigemitsu
  • Patent number: 5212045
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for image formation which comprises developing a silver halide photographic photosensitive material in the presence of a compound represented by the following formula [I] or [II]: ##STR1## wherein Ar represents an aryl group, R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 which may be identical or different each represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aralkyl group, an aryl group, or a heterocyclic group, with a proviso that they cannot be simultaneously hydrogen atoms, R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 may link to each other to form a ring, and at least one of R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 has at least one hydroxyl group as a substituent, ##STR2## wherein Ar.sub.1 and Ar.sub.2 each represents a divalent aromatic group, R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 each represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group or a heterocyclic group, R.sub. and R.sub.2 may link to each other to form a ring and R.sub.3 and R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Paper Mills Limited
    Inventors: Masao Koga, Minoru Ohashi
  • Patent number: 5206123
    Abstract: A method for high contrast development of an image-wise exposed photographic element comprising a support and at least one silver halide emulsion layer, which method comprises contacting said exposed element in the presence of a hydrazine compound with an aqueous alkaline developing solution which has a pH between 10 and 13 and contains a dihydroxybenzene developing agent a 3-pyrazolidinone or an aminophenol developing agent sulphite ions and a contrast promoting amount of an amino compound characterized in that said developing solution further contains an aprotic solvent corresponding to general formula (I) or (II) : ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 represents alkyl, substituted alkyl, alkylamino or substituted alkylamino, andR.sub.2 and R.sub.3 each independently represent alkyl substituted alkyl orwherein R.sub.1 together with R.sub.2 represent the necessary atoms to form together with the carbon and the nitrogen atom respectively to which they are attached, a heterocyclic ring, and R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1993
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Richard A. Ooms, Piet Kok
  • Patent number: 5204212
    Abstract: An aqueous alkaline processing liquid suitable for use in the silver complex diffusion transfer reversal (DTR-) process, wherein said liquid contains 3-(N,N-diethylamino)propane-1,2-diol and contains phosphate ions in a concentration of not more than 0.03 mol/l.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventor: Jean-Pierre D. Tahon
  • Patent number: 5162192
    Abstract: An aqueous alkaline processing liquid suitable for use in the silver complex diffusion transfer reversal (DTR-) process, wherein wherein said liquid contains a mixture of alkanolamines, the said mixture consisting of (I) N-methyl-diethanolamine and of (II) N,N-dimethyl-ethanolamine in a total amount in the range from 0.3 mol/l to 1.5 mol/l, and in a molar ratio of (I) to (II) from 1/20 to 20/1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1992
    Assignee: Agfa-Gevaert, N.V.
    Inventors: Rene M. De Keyzer, Raymond L. Odeurs, Luc A. De brabandere