Oxidizer Added To Region Of Incomplete Combustion Patents (Class 431/10)
  • Patent number: 10378758
    Abstract: In a burner tip, combustion burner, and boiler, the burner tip is provided with: a mixing chamber provided at an inner portion of the tip body; a plurality of first mixed fluid jet holes of which base end portions communicate with the mixing chamber, of which front end portions open on a lateral side of the tip body, and which are placed in circumferential direction of the tip body at predetermined intervals; a fluid fuel supply passage configured to supply a fluid fuel to the mixing chamber; and an atomizing medium supply passage configured to supply an atomizing medium to the mixing chamber, thereby, combustibility is improved by facilitating the mixing of a fluid fuel and an atomizing medium and thus making the size of liquid fuel droplets smaller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuaki Hashiguchi, Akiyasu Okamoto, Hideyuki Hamaya
  • Patent number: 10371377
    Abstract: A burner assembly combines oxygen and fuel to produce a flame. The burner assembly includes an oxygen supply tube adapted to receive a stream of oxygen and a solid fuel conduit arranged to extend through the oxygen tube to convey a stream of fluidized, pulverized, solid fuel into a flame chamber. Oxygen flowing through the oxygen supply tube passes generally tangentially through a first set of oxygen-injection holes formed in the solid fuel conduit and off-tangentially from a second set of oxygen-injection holes formed in the solid fuel conduit and then mixes with fluidized, pulverized, solid fuel passing through the solid fuel conduit to create an oxygen-fuel mixture in a downstream portion of the solid fuel conduit. This mixture is discharged into a flame chamber and ignited in the flame chamber to produce a flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis Taylor, Brad Patterson, Jayson Perdue
  • Patent number: 10344967
    Abstract: In a burner tip, combustion burner, and boiler, the burner tip is provided with: a mixing chamber provided at an inner portion of the tip body; a plurality of first mixed fluid jet holes of which base end portions communicate with the mixing chamber, of which front end portions open on a lateral side of the tip body, and which are placed in circumferential direction of the tip body at predetermined intervals; a fluid fuel supply passage configured to supply a fluid fuel to the mixing chamber; and an atomizing medium supply passage configured to supply an atomizing medium to the mixing chamber, thereby, combustibility is improved by facilitating the mixing of a fluid fuel and an atomizing medium and thus making the size of liquid fuel droplets smaller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Kazuaki Hashiguchi, Akiyasu Okamoto, Hideyuki Hamaya
  • Patent number: 10322661
    Abstract: A mobile kitchen comprises a housing disposed atop one or more wheel axles and a plurality of appliances disposed within the housing. Each appliance is heated by combustion of a distillate fuel. One or more air channels are disposed about each of the appliances, such that each air channel substantially isolates excess heat from combustion of the distillate fuel from a workspace within the housing. One or more first air blowers are associated with the air channels, and each is adapted to force air through the air channels and vent the excess heat to the exterior of the housing. One or more second air blowers are coupled to the housing, and each second air blower is adapted to vent a predetermined volume of air from within the workspace at least once per minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: BABINGTON TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Robert S. Babington, Victor Worsley, Luther Barnes, Larry Viverette, Ramiro Andrade, Juan C. Lemus
  • Patent number: 10273178
    Abstract: A glassmelting furnace is provided in which the burners are elevated above the glassmelt surface and are oriented at an angle upwards relative to the glassmelt surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Osemwengie Uyi Iyoha, Hisashi Kobayashi, Euan J. Evenson
  • Patent number: 10184403
    Abstract: A fuel nozzle for a gas turbine engine. The nozzle has a body and a center axis. The body has an inner circumferential surface circumscribing a central passageway which is coaxial with the center axis. The nozzle also has air passages which extend predominantly radially inward through the body. The air passage outlets of each air passage are circumferentially spaced apart from one another along the inner circumferential surface. Each air passage conveys air through the body toward the nozzle center axis and into the central passageway. The nozzle also has fuel passages which extend through the body. Each fuel passage is disposed within the body between adjacent circumferentially spaced apart air passages and is transverse to the direction of extension of its neighboring air passages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: PRATT & WHITNEY CANADA CORP.
    Inventors: Kian McCaldon, Oleg Morenko
  • Patent number: 10107492
    Abstract: A biomass-mixed, pulverized coal-fired burner is provided, capable of burning biomass fuel as auxiliary fuel in large quantities and burning only pulverized coal when the biomass fuel is not sufficiently available. The biomass-mixed, pulverized coal-fired burner includes a biomass fuel jet nozzle that extends axially along the biomass-mixed, pulverized coal-fired burner, a fuel jet nozzle that is open midway in the biomass fuel jet nozzle, a secondary air nozzle that surrounds the fuel jet nozzle, and a tertiary air nozzle that surrounds the secondary air nozzle. A pulverized coal component in a fuel stream as a mixture of the pulverized coal fuel stream and the biomass fuel stream is distributed with a higher concentration on an outer circumferential wall side and a biomass fuel component in the fuel stream is distributed inside of the pulverized coal fuel component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Koji Taniguchi, Atsunori Kato, Suguru Yabara, Yutaka Tanabe
  • Patent number: 10011510
    Abstract: The claims define a submerged combustion melter comprising a submerged combustion burner (1) comprising three concentric tubes, all being closed at one end and open at the same opposite end, the internal tube (3) being connected to a source of oxygen containing gas (7), the middle tube (9) surrounding the internal tube (3) being connected to a source of fuel gas (11), and the outer tube (15) being connected to a source (19) of oxygen containing gas. The claims are also directed to a method of introducing a flame and/or combustion products into a melt from a submerged combustion burner and also directed to the use of the burner as a submerged combustion burner in a melter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Inventors: Gerard Demott, Bostjan Marolt, Randy Etzkorn, David Ducarme
  • Patent number: 10001275
    Abstract: A well test burner system has a plurality of burner nozzles supported by a support structure. Each burner nozzle has an air inlet, a well product inlet and an air/well product mixture outlet. At least one of the burner nozzles is supported to pivot relative to the support structure while the burner nozzle is operating to expel air/well product mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Trace Wayne Cody
  • Patent number: 9982885
    Abstract: Devices, methods, and systems for utilizing a burner with a combustion air driven jet pump are described herein. One burner apparatus includes a jet pump located inside a burner housing, the jet pump having a combustion air inlet that receives combustion air, a chamber to receive the combustion air from the combustion air inlet, and a tapered portion of the chamber that tapers to an outlet having a smaller diameter than the diameter of the inlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Curtis L. Taylor, Joseph S. F. Goh, Brad Patterson, Marek Scholler
  • Patent number: 9915479
    Abstract: A heat storage type combustion system equipped with a disk type distributor having improved sealing according to the present invention, the system includes: the distributor having a rotary distribution unit, a lower distribution unit located on the underside of the rotary distribution unit, an upper distribution unit located on the top of the rotary distribution unit, and a plurality of dumb buckles disposed equally spaced apart from each other along outer circumferential rims of the lower distribution unit and the upper distribution unit to fix the lower distribution unit and the upper distribution unit to each other. Each dumb buckle includes a left-handed screw and a right-handed screw formed on both end portions around the body thereof in such a manner as to be tightened or loosened repeatedly if necessary, and the number of dumb buckles is 4 to 12 in accordance with the sizes of the distributor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Kumho Environment Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Seung Wook Choi
  • Patent number: 9797351
    Abstract: A ducted combustion system is disclosed. The ducted combustion system may include a combustion chamber and a fuel injector in fluid connection with the combustion chamber and including at least one orifice opening from an injector tip of the fuel injector, the at least one orifice injecting fuel into the combustion chamber as at least one fuel jet. The system may further include at least one duct disposed within the combustion chamber such that the at least one fuel jet, at least partially, enters the at least one duct upon being injected into the combustion chamber. The system may further include a duct cooling system configured to cool a mixture of fuel and air of the at least one fuel jet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kenth Svensson, Chad Koci, Christopher Gehrke
  • Patent number: 9689614
    Abstract: A method for combustion in an industrial furnace having fuel and a first oxidizer to heat a material includes arranging at least one lance in a sidewall of the furnace; supplying a second oxidizer with an oxygen content of at least 85 percent by weight in the form of a jet traveling at at least sonic velocity to the interior of the furnace through the at least one lance; running the jet of the second oxidizer in the horizontal plane above the material between and essentially in parallel with two consecutive rows of the roof burners; balancing an amount of the second oxidizer supplied per time unit so that the oxygen content supplied via the second oxidizer constitutes at least 50 percent by weight of the total supplied oxygen per time unit in the furnace.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Anders Lugnet, Tomas Ekman
  • Patent number: 9593847
    Abstract: A burner apparatus for a fired heating system and a method of burner operation. The burner provides stable operation when burning gas fuels having heating values ranging from low to high and accommodates sudden wide changes in the Wobbe value of the fuel delivered to the burner. The burner apparatus includes a plurality of exterior fuel ejectors and has an exterior notch which extends around the burner wall for receiving and combusting a portion of the gas fuel. At least a portion of the hot combustion product gas produced in the exterior notch is delivered through channels formed in the burner wall to the combustion area at the forward end of the burner. As the Wobbe value of the gas fuel decreases, one or more outer series of addition ejectors can be automatically activated as needed to maintain the amount of heat output desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: ZEECO, INC.
    Inventors: Darton J. Zink, Rex K. Isaacs, A. S. (Jamal) Jamaluddin, Charles E. Benson, Roberto O. Pellizzari, Cody L. Little, Seth A. Marty, K. Parker Imel, Jonathon E. Barnes, Chris S. Parker
  • Patent number: 9453424
    Abstract: Effusion cooling holes formed through a transition component provided in a combustion section of a gas turbine engine. The transition component directs a hot working gas from a combustion basket to a first row of vanes in a turbine section of the engine. The effusion cooling holes are formed through an outer wall of the transition component in a direction so that the flow of air through the effusion holes is in a direction substantially opposite to the bulk flow direction of the working gas through the transition component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: SIEMENS ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Blake R. Cotten, Richard L. Thackway, Charalambos Polyzopoulos
  • Patent number: 9416974
    Abstract: The present application provides a combustor. The combustor may include an air flow path with a flow of air therein. A flow obstruction may be positioned within the air flow path and cause a wake or a recirculation zone downstream thereof. A number of fuel injectors may be positioned downstream of the flow obstruction. The fuel injectors may inject a flow of fuel into the air flow path such that the flows of fuel and air in the wake or the recirculation zone do not exceed a flammability limit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David Kaylor Toronto, Kwanwoo Kim, Abdul Rafey Khan, Luis Flamand
  • Patent number: 9181919
    Abstract: A plasma oil-free ignition system in oxygen enriched environment comprises a plasma generator and a burner. The plasma oil-free ignition system comprises a sleeve group coaxially arranged with the burner, and the sleeve group comprises multiple coaxially sleeved sleeves. Annular spaces are formed between adjacent sleeves and between the sleeves and the burner. Oxygen ducts are arranged on the sleeves, and oxygen ducts are arranged on the burner. Plasmas jetted by the plasma generators form a local high temperature zone filled with high temperature plasma and pulverized coal air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Inventors: Lu Zheng, Jianwen Zhang, Yang Zhao, Yuehua Li
  • Patent number: 9091440
    Abstract: A burner at which fuel cannot be combusted with air as the only source of oxygen for combustion in a stable flame at the burner when the feed rate of the fuel is too low, when the fuel is fed at too high an air-to-fuel mass ratio, when the fuel contains too high an amount of inert matter, or when the specific energy content of the fuel is too low, is modified by supplying oxidant containing more than 21 vol. % oxygen into the base of a flame at the burner, whereupon such fuels can be combusted at the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventor: Stefan E. F. Laux
  • Patent number: 9091441
    Abstract: A burner at which fuel cannot be combusted with air as the only source of oxygen for combustion in a stable flame at the burner when the feed rate of the fuel is too low, when the fuel is fed at too high an air-to-fuel mass ratio, when the fuel contains too high an amount of inert matter, or when the specific energy content of the fuel is too low, is modified by supplying oxidant containing more than 21 vol. % oxygen into the base of a flame at the burner, whereupon such fuels can be combusted at the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventor: Stefan E. F. Laux
  • Patent number: 9091435
    Abstract: A two-chamber gas burner with a case body, a cavity, an opening, a burner plate, and a plate unit connected to an upper surface of the burner plate, comprising a first chamber and at least one second chamber freely positioned in and supplementary to the first chamber. The plate unit comprises a first plate member directly mounting the burner plate onto the case body by screw nut connector; and a second plate member on top of the burner plate and the first plate securely mounting the burner plate for the second chamber. The gas burner is compact, small, light and has a generally one-piece structure with safe lighting process and stable flame, thereby effectively solving the ignition and explosion problems in high pressure gas burner, and hence is particularly suitable for high pressure high heat value gas burner. Its wind resistance and flame extinction arrangement further stabilized the burning process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Inventors: Weiqun Jin, Weidong Jin
  • Patent number: 9046263
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for burning fuel are described In a conventional boiler the combustion process produces particles which form a layer of deposits on boiler tubes, thus reducing heat transfer efficiency A fuel burner (100) includes a casing, a combustion chamber (106), a tangential gas inlet (108), a fuel delivery system (112) and an exhaust port (114) The casing includes a lower wall (102), an upper wall (104) and a cylindrical side wall (105) formed between the lower and upper walls (102, 104) and encloses the combustion chamber (106) The tangential gas inlet (108) is formed in the cylindrical wall (105) of the combustion chamber (106) The fuel delivery system (112) is configured to deliver fuel into the tangential air inlet (108) The exhaust port (114) is formed in the upper wall (104) of the combustion chamber (106) Gas is delivered into the combustion chamber (106) at a velocity and flow rate and mixes with fuel delivered from the fuel delivery system (112), such that a clean flame burns in the comb
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Inventor: Harold Haynes
  • Patent number: 9017067
    Abstract: A premix burner arrangement for safely oxygen-enriching a premix air-fuel combustion system is disclosed. In the disclosed burner arrangement, a first conduit is arranged and disposed to provide a first gas stream. The first gas stream is a self-reactive or self-flammable premixture comprising air and a combustible gas. At least one second conduit is arranged and disposed to provide a second gas stream circumferentially around the first gas stream. The second gas stream includes oxygen. The premix burner arrangement is configured to combust or react the first stream at a temperature at least 1000° F. greater than the temperature of the second stream. A method and combustion system including the premix burner arrangement are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Jin Cao, Aleksandar Georgi Slavejkov, Shailesh Pradeep Gangoli, Jeffrey D. Cole
  • Patent number: 8974226
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for operating combustion process in a furnace whereby a primary fuel and a secondary fuel are burnt, to an apparatus for injecting liquid oxygen into the furnace and also to the corresponding furnace. The method comprises at least the following steps: the primary fuel and a primary oxidizer are injected into the furnace to create a primary combustion zone, liquid oxygen is injected in as secondary oxidizer such that the secondary fuel combusts with the secondary oxidizer thereby creating a distinct secondary combustion zone. The invention makes it possible for a secondary fuel having a significantly lower calorific value than the primary fuel to be burnt completely in the furnace, such that a product to be produced in the furnace has an improved quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventor: Frank Rheker
  • Patent number: 8969644
    Abstract: A method is proposed for providing an oxygen-containing gas stream for the endothermic reaction of an initial stream comprising one or more hydrocarbons, having a predetermined oxygen concentration and a predetermined temperature, wherein a fluid fuel stream is combusted with a primary air stream at ? values of the primary air stream to the fluid fuel stream of from 0.6 to 1.2 to obtain a combustion gas stream, and a secondary air stream is admixed to the combustion gas stream to obtain the oxygen-containing gas stream for the endothermic reaction, with the predetermined oxygen concentration and the predetermined temperature of the oxygen-containing gas stream being adjusted via the flow rate and the temperature of the secondary air stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Gerhard Olbert, Franz Corr, Sven Crone
  • Patent number: 8959793
    Abstract: An oven configured for drying a container. The oven includes a housing defining an interior space including a supply chamber and a return chamber. A conveyor is configured for movement within a portion of the interior space of the housing defined by a plurality of semi-circular shaped duct sections connected at each end of the semi-circular shaped duct sections to a straight duct section. Each duct section includes two side walls coupled to a back wall defining a continuous U-shaped duct path through which the conveyor moves. The oven is further configured to provide a temperature difference between any two points within the interior space of the oven housing controlled to plus or minus two degrees Fahrenheit, by a uniform air flow throughout the oven. The uniform air flow is facilitated by the sizing and spacing of various circular orifices and slotted orifices in the continuous duct path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: International Thermal Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: John Zea, Yougui Zhao, Dan Bein
  • Patent number: 8926317
    Abstract: Method of controlling the operation of a combustion device to provide safe and reliable operation while reducing NOx emission that includes providing a flow of fuel and diluent at a determined volume ratio to a flame in the combustion device; providing a flame stability sensor to generate a measurement of a characteristic of the flame, providing a flow measurement for each of the fuel and diluent, and controlling the determined volume ratio of fuel:diluent using the measurement from the flame stability sensor and/or flow measurements. A combustion system incorporating this method also is included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: John T. Farrell, San Chhotray, Gary T. Dobbs, Manuel S. Alvarez, Patrick D. Schweitzer
  • Patent number: 8899970
    Abstract: Burner device (2) for an industrial furnace (1) comprising a channel (3) for fuel, a channel (4) for a first oxidant, an outlet (9) for flue gases, a control device (10) and a heat buffer (7), where the first oxidant and the flue gases alternatingly are led through the heat buffer (7). The invention is characterized in that a separate lancing device (6) is arranged to supply a second oxidant to the burner device (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: AGA AB
    Inventors: Tomas Ekman, Anders Lugnet
  • Patent number: 8864491
    Abstract: A method for low NOx combustion, without premixing of fuel and air prior to passage to a combustor, is provided wherein a fuel is injected into a reaction zone via an eductor thereby inducing an air flow and producing a fuel-rich mixture. The fuel-rich mixture is reacted and produces partial reaction products plus heat. A portion of the heat is to transferred to a cooling air stream and the cooled partial reaction products are brought into contact with the heated cooling air stream for combustion. Increased injection of the fuel results in an increased induction of the air flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Precision Combustion, Inc.
    Inventors: William C. Pfefferle, Benjamin D. Baird, Shahrokh Etemad, Sandeep K. Alavandi
  • Patent number: 8827691
    Abstract: During a heating phase, injection of a jet of fuel and oxidant (fuel annularly enshrouding oxidant or oxidant annularly enshrouding fuel) from a fuel-oxidant nozzle is combusted in a combustion space. During a transition from the heating phase to a distributed combustion phase, an amount of a secondary portion of either the fuel or oxidant is injected as a jet into the combustion space while the primary portion of that same reactant from the fuel-oxidant nozzle is decreased. At some point during the transition phase, a jet of actuating fluid is injected at an angle towards the jet of reactants from the fuel-oxidant nozzle and/or towards the jet of the secondary portion of reactant. The jet of primary portions of reactants and/or secondary portion of reactant is caused to be bent/deviated towards the other of the two jets. The staging of the secondary portion of reactant is increased until a desired degrees of staging and commencement of a distributed combustion phase are achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude, American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Rajeev S. Prabhakar, Remi Pierre Tsiava, Magnus Mortberg, Benoit Grand, Bertrand Leroux, Vivek Gautam
  • Patent number: 8814561
    Abstract: Stable operation of oxyfuel combustion boiler is ensured and amplification in likelihood of or downsizing of forced draft fan is attained. Upon change of commanded boiler load from start value to target value by target time, a feed amount of oxygen from oxygen producing device is regulated for attainment of oxygen concentration on entry side of the boiler body from reference value to attainment point or target entry-side oxygen concentration within entry-side oxygen concentration regulation range by target time. After attainment to attainment point, control is made to return entry-side oxygen concentration to reference value at return point. Airflow rate of forced draft fan is controlled with change rate smaller than change rate with which air flow rate of forced draft fan reaches target value by target time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuya Hori, Toshihiko Yamada, Yohei Akutsu
  • Patent number: 8764435
    Abstract: A modulating furnace having a variable rate burner and a controller is operated at a first burner firing rate for a first period of time, and a higher burner firing rate once the first period of time has expired. In some instances, the burner may be operated only while the controller is receiving a call for heat from a thermostat or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy J. Nordberg, Brent Chian, Michael W. Schultz, Douglas D. Bird
  • Patent number: 8714969
    Abstract: The invention relates to a fuel combustion method in which one jet of fuel and at least two jets of oxidant are injected. According to the invention, the first jet of oxidant, known as the primary oxidant jet, is injected such as to be in contact with the jet of fuel and to produce a first incomplete combustion, the gases produced by said first combustion comprising at least one part of the fuel, and the second jet of oxidant is injected at a distance from the jet of fuel such as to combust with the part of the fuel present in the gases produced by the first combustion. Moreover, the primary oxidant jet is divided into two primary jets, namely: a first primary oxidant jet, known as the central jet, which is injected at the centre of the jet of fuel; and a second primary oxidant jet, knows as the sheathing jet, which is injected coaxially around the fuel jet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Bertrand Leroux, Remi Pierre Tsiava
  • Patent number: 8702418
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a method for generating heat energy includes injecting a stream having a concentration of at least 50% oxygen (O2 stream) into a primary gas stream through a mixer, the mixer discharging the O2 stream as two or more spaced jets traversing the primary stream, thereby enriching the primary gas stream. The method further includes mixing fuel with the enriched primary gas stream, thereby forming a fuel stream; and combusting the fuel stream, thereby forming a flue gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: M. Usman Ghani, Florian Gautier, Rajani K. Varagani, Susie Levesque, Bernard Labegorre, Frederic Camy-Peyret, Sylvain Grillon, Pavol Pranda
  • Patent number: 8701416
    Abstract: A double annular radially staged combustor for a gas turbine engine having a reduced internal flow transitioning area between an outboard primary combustion zone and al inboard secondary combustion zone. The primary combustion zone is an annular shell form with a radially inboard annular exit. An outboard ring with thru holes and an inboard annular channel yields a quick quench zone. The secondary combustion zone, adjacent to and downstream of the quick quench zone is of an annular shell form, generally radially inboard of the primary combustion zone. In a preferred embodiment the secondary combustion zone exiting hot gases flows into a dilution zone prior to exiting the combustor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Inventor: Joseph Michael Teets
  • Patent number: 8696348
    Abstract: Burner assembly comprising (a) an elongated body having a periphery, a discharge end adjacent a combustion zone, and an axis, wherein the axis extends into the combustion zone; (b) one or more oxidant nozzles disposed at the discharge end of the elongated body and adapted to discharge a gaseous oxidant into the combustion zone; and (c) one or more fuel nozzles disposed at the discharge end of the elongated body and adapted to discharge a fuel into the combustion zone. At least one of the oxidant and fuel nozzles is characterized by a shape factor, ?, that is greater than about 10, wherein ? is a dimensionless parameter defined as ?=P2/2A where P is the perimeter dimension of the discharge opening and A is the area of the discharge opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Jin Cao, Mahendra Ladharam Joshi, Aleksandar Georgi Slavejkov
  • Patent number: 8696349
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the combustion of a fuel using an oxygenated gas, in which a jet of fuel and at least two jets of oxygen-rich oxygenated gas are injected. According to the invention, the first jet of oxygen-rich oxygenated gas, known as the primary jet, is injected such as to be in contact with the jet of fuel and to produce a first incomplete combustion, the gases produced by said first combustion comprising at least one part of the fuel, and the second jet of oxygen-rich oxygenated gas is injected at a distance I1 from the jet of fuel such as to combust with a first part of the fuel present in the gases produced by the first combustion. Moreover, a low-oxygen oxygenated gas is injected at a distance I2 from the jet of fuel such as to combust with a second part of the fuel present in the gases produced by the first combustion, I2 being greater than I1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Société Anonyme pour l'Étude et l'Éxploitation des Procédés Georges Claude
    Inventors: Bertrand Leroux, Remi Pierre Tsiava, Patrick Jean-Marie Recourt, Benoit Grand, Pascal Duperray, Loic Sylvestre, Mohand Amirat
  • Patent number: 8647112
    Abstract: A combustor assembly of a water heater, which is provided between an air blower and a burner set to guide air from the air blower to the burner set, includes a first board, a second board and a third board stacked in sequence. Between the first board and the second board there is a first chamber and a first port, and between the second board and the first board there is a second chamber and a second port. The second board and the third board both have apertures. These boards restrict and divide an air flow of the air blower to flow along several paths to increase heat efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Grano Mate Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chung-Chin Huang, Chin-Ying Huang, Hsin-Ming Huang, Hsing-Hsiung Huang, Kuan-Chou Lin
  • Publication number: 20140017619
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for operating combustion process in a furnace whereby a primary fuel and a secondary fuel are burnt, to an apparatus for injecting liquid oxygen into the furnace and also to the corresponding furnace. The method comprises at least the following steps: the primary fuel and a primary oxidizer are injected into the furnace to create a primary combustion zone, liquid oxygen is injected in as secondary oxidizer such that the secondary fuel combusts with the secondary oxidizer thereby creating a distinct secondary combustion zone. The invention makes it possible for a secondary fuel having a significantly lower calorific value than the primary fuel to be burnt completely in the furnace, such that a product to be produced in the furnace has an improved quality.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Etude et Exploitation des Procedes Georges
    Inventor: Frank Rheker
  • Patent number: 8622736
    Abstract: In a highly efficient recuperator burner, which comprises at least one combustion chamber for warm-up operation and is otherwise set up for FLOX® operation, and a recuperator for preheating combustion air by means of thermal exhaust gas energy in a counter-current heat exchange mode via heat exchanger pipes, each heat exchanger pipe has, in a heat exchange section thereof, a flattened gap cross-section and, at its end facing a volume to be heated, a nozzle cross-section, which differs from the flattened gap cross-section of the heat exchanger pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: WS-Wärmeprozesstechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Joachim G. Wünning, Joachim A. Wünning
  • Publication number: 20140004469
    Abstract: Method of combusting a fuel with an oxidizer and corresponding burner assembly, whereby a jet of fuel and a jet of primary oxidizer are injected into a combustion zone in contact with one another so as to generate a primary fuel-rich flame, a swirling first peripheral gas jet is injected through a first passage around the fuel jet and primary oxidizer jets and a swirling second peripheral gas jet is injected through a second passage around the first peripheral gas jet and whereby a jet of secondary oxidizer is injected through a passage into the combustion zone between the first and second peripheral gas jets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes
    Inventors: Patrick Recourt, Remi Tsiava
  • Patent number: 8578892
    Abstract: A combustion system and method for operating a combustion system, such as a furnace or boiler. The method includes providing a burner system having one or more burner elements configured to combust solid fuel and one or more oxygen providing devices configured to introduce oxygen into the near burner zone of one or more burner flames. A sensor is provided and arranged and disposed to measure a flame parameter in the near burner zone of the burner flame associated with one or more the burner elements. The flame parameter is measured with the sensor and an oxygen flow is determined in response to the measured flame parameter. Oxygen flow is introduced to one or more locations in the combustion system with the one or more oxygen providing devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Daniel D'Agostini, Jeffrey William Kloosterman, Kevin Boyle Fogash
  • Patent number: 8573965
    Abstract: A method of operating a pyrolysis heater for reduced emissions of NOx and carbon monoxide. One or more wall burners, typically premix burners, are operated with more excess oxidant gas than one or more of the floor or hearth burners, which are typically non-premix burners. The invention takes advantage of different NOx emissions characteristics from different types of burners.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Reed Jacob Hendershot, Xianming Jimmy Li, Aleksandar Georgi Slavejkov
  • Publication number: 20130252182
    Abstract: A burner at which fuel cannot be combusted with air as the only source of oxygen for combustion in a stable flame at the burner when the feed rate of the fuel is too low, when the fuel is fed at too high an air-to-fuel mass ratio, when the fuel contains too high an amount of inert matter, or when the specific energy content of the fuel is too low, is modified by supplying oxidant containing more than 21 vol. % oxygen into the base of a flame at the burner, whereupon such fuels can be combusted at the burner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 26, 2013
    Inventor: Stefan E.F. Laux
  • Publication number: 20130244189
    Abstract: A burner at which fuel cannot be combusted with air as the only source of oxygen for combustion in a stable flame at the burner when the feed rate of the fuel is too low, when the fuel is fed at too high an air-to-fuel mass ratio, when the fuel contains too high an amount of inert matter, or when the specific energy content of the fuel is too low, is modified by supplying oxidant containing more than 21 vol. % oxygen into the base of a flame at the burner, whereupon such fuels can be combusted at the burner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventor: Stefan E. F. Laux
  • Publication number: 20130244188
    Abstract: A burner at which fuel cannot be combusted with air as the only source of oxygen for combustion in a stable flame at the burner when the feed rate of the fuel is too low, when the fuel is fed at too high an air-to-fuel mass ratio, when the fuel contains too high an amount of inert matter, or when the specific energy content of the fuel is too low, is modified by supplying oxidant containing more than 21 vol. % oxygen into the base of a flame at the burner, whereupon such fuels can be combusted at the burner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Inventor: Stefan E.F. Laux
  • Patent number: 8512033
    Abstract: A burner includes separate fuel and oxidant conduits. The fuel conduit has inlet, transitional, and outlet sections, and the oxidant conduit has inlet and outlet sections. The burner has a longitudinal axis and including a burner tip having a first elongated edge adjacent a flow of the fuel, and a second elongated edge adjacent a flow of an oxidant and forming a primary tip angle (?) of less than about 15° from a line parallel to the longitudinal axis and intersecting an upstream surface parallel to the longitudinal axis. The first elongated edge and the second elongated edge form a secondary tip angle (?) greater than the primary tip angle (?) and less than about 90° from a line tangent to and extending from the first elongated edge in the direction of the flow of the fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Daniel D'Agostini, Kevin Alan Lievre
  • Patent number: 8485813
    Abstract: A low NOx burner system is disclosed that reduces the emission of CO and HC during cold furnace startups, minimizes NOx formation with preheated air, and provides a flat stable flame due to burner design improvements including three stage combustion. The burner system is designed to operate in either a low or high temperature mode by controlling the amount of combustion air provided to stage 1 and stage 2 combustion. The burner system is designed to heat the interior of a furnace for high-temperature combustion/furnace processes, such as aluminum melting and steel processes. The burner system can also be used for low temperature processes at temperatures below the auto-ignition temperature of the fuel and still produce very low CO, HC and NOx emissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Hauck Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James J. Feese, Bruce A. Wartluft
  • Patent number: 8480394
    Abstract: The invention relates to a flat-flame vault burner (10) suitable for being installed in a vault (21) which delimits the combustion chamber (20) of a steel heating furnace, the burner (10) comprising a main metallic hollow cylindrical body (12), a single duct (13) for the conveyance of fuel gas concentric to the main body (12), and a central internal nozzle (14) for the injection of a fuel gas. Said burner also comprises at least two nozzles (17) outside said main body (12) for the injection of fuel into the combustion chamber (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Tenova S.p.A.
    Inventors: Marco Daneri, Vittorio Laviosa, Maurizio Senarega, Massimiliano Fantuzzi, Umberto Zanusso, Enrico Malfa
  • Patent number: 8479721
    Abstract: In one aspect the invention discloses an improved gas burner with a high turn-down ratio. The improved burner includes first and second gas flow passages, a flame front locator in one of the passages of the burner cap. Fuel gas is injected into an end of one of the passages and is ignited to establish a flame at the flame front locator. Secondary combustion air is provided through the other of the passages which on a high setting enables secondary combustion and on a low setting may mix with the hot gases and cool them resulting in a lower temperature at the cooking vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Fisher & Paykel Appliances Limited
    Inventors: Lindsay George Graham, Simon Denzil Brown
  • Patent number: 8475160
    Abstract: Clean combustion and equilibration equipment and methods are provided to progressively deliver, combust and equilibrate mixtures of fuel, oxidant and aqueous diluent in a plurality of combustion regions and in one or more equilibration regions to further progress oxidation of products of incomplete combustion, in a manner that sustains combustion while controlling temperatures and residence times sufficiently to reduce CO and NOx emissions to below 25 ppmvd, and preferably to below 3 ppmvd at 15% O2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Vast Power Portfolio, LLC
    Inventors: Paul Andrew Campbell, David Hagen