Coated, Impregnated, Layered, Coupled Or Reinforced Wick Patents (Class 431/325)
  • Patent number: 10975329
    Abstract: Candle wick assemblies are provided having candle wick construction provided with multiple (e.g., two or more) candle wicks and a wax sheath covering the multiple candle wicks of the candle wick construction. The multiple candle wick construction will include at least first and second spaced-apart candle wicks and a ladder filament connected to and extending back and forth between the first and second candle wicks so as to establish respective crossing portions that are spaced apart from one another along a lengthwise direction of the wick assembly. The crossing portions of the ladder filament are folded about the longitudinal axis of the candle wick construction so that the candle wick assembly is in a generally U-shaped configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2021
    Assignee: FIL-TEC HOLDINGS, INC.
    Inventors: Kyle R. Staley, Andrew L. Wallech, Lesa F. Bowers, Charles H. Rockwell, Amir Yaraghi, Vincent E. Schoeck, Jr., Vincent E. Schoeck, V
  • Patent number: 9885474
    Abstract: A metallic wick includes at least one mesh member having first and second ends disposed opposite to each other, first and second surfaces respectively extended from the first end to the second end thereof and arranged opposite to each other, a plurality of meshes penetrating the first and second surfaces between the first and second ends thereof, and a transport channel extending from the first end to the second end thereof and drawing fuel by capillary action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2018
    Assignee: Pro-Iroda Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Wei-Long Chen
  • Patent number: 9631162
    Abstract: A candle wick includes a first layer of paper or dried pulp and a second layer of material selected from the group consisting of paper, silk, thread, textiles, corn fiberfill, cotton batting, bamboo fiber, soybean protein fiber, wood, alpaca hair, dried pulp, rosin, resin, and fibrous material. The first layer is attached to the second layer to form a candle wick that is pliable and shapeable from a generally flat shape to a generally curved shaped. When ignited, the material comprising the candle wick is capable of providing sufficient fuel to a flame to provide a substantially consistent burn from an upper portion to a lower portion. A wick clip includes a slot similarly sized and shaped to receive an undersurface of the pliable, shaped configuration of the candle wick. The candle wick and wick clip form a clip assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Inventor: John Ramirez
  • Patent number: 9410696
    Abstract: A candle or candle apparatus includes a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick provided in the body. The planar wick includes a material selected from a wood, wood product, semi-wood composition, and wood-like material. The planar wick has a height dimension, a width dimension, and a thickness dimension, the height dimension is greater than the width dimension, the width dimension is greater than the thickness dimension, and the thickness dimension is from 0.019 to 0.23 inches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: LUMETIQUE, INC.
    Inventor: DayNa M. Decker
  • Patent number: 9261275
    Abstract: A candle having a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick. When lit, the candle provides a unique flame formation, usable in a variety of decorative applications. The wick can be configured to evenly deplete the meltable fuel, while allowing for candles having relatively large and unique body configurations. The body of candle and/or the wick may include scented oil to promote the release of fragrance upon heating. The wick preferably is formed of wood, thereby providing an acoustic contribution to ambiance and improved combustion that generates less soot than conventional cotton wick candles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: LUMETIQUE, INC.
    Inventor: DayNa M. Decker
  • Patent number: 9039409
    Abstract: A candle having a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick. When lit, the candle provides a unique flame formation, usable in a variety of decorative applications. The wick can be configured to evenly deplete the meltable fuel, while allowing for candles having relatively large and unique body configurations. The body of candle and/or the wick may include scented oil to promote the release of fragrance upon heating. The wick preferably is formed of wood, thereby providing an acoustic contribution to ambiance and improved combustion that generates less soot than conventional cotton wick candles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: LUMETIQUE, INC.
    Inventor: DayNa M Decker
  • Publication number: 20150064635
    Abstract: A wick configured from a single metallic meshed wick material continuously includes a spiral section with a shape including at least one loop, a folded section with a shape including a fold, a first length extending away from the spiral section to the fold and along a first imaginary plane and a second length extending from the fold to the spiral section and along a second imaginary plane, and a wrapped section with a shape including at least one contour conforming shapes of the spiral and folded sections.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventor: Wei-Long Chen
  • Patent number: 8961171
    Abstract: A candle having a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick. When lit, the candle provides a unique flame formation, usable in a variety of decorative applications. The wick can be configured to evenly deplete the meltable fuel, while allowing for candles having relatively large and unique body configurations. The body of candle and/or the wick may include scented oil to promote the release of fragrance upon heating. The wick preferably is formed of wood, thereby providing an acoustic contribution to ambiance and improved combustion that generates less soot than conventional cotton wick candles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Lumetique, Inc.
    Inventor: DayNa M Decker
  • Patent number: 8926781
    Abstract: The system and method for manufacturing the composite candle wick includes a mechanism for feeding the cotton wick and wood wick at substantially the same speeds. The wood wick is heated in order to cause a melting of a wax coating around the cotton wick and pressure is applied to the wick materials through a compression wheel and drive belt which carries the wick materials. Once the pressure is applied to form the composite wick the wicks are then sent through a cutting tube where a cutting blade will cut the wick to its desired length.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: The Yankee Candle Company, Inc.
    Inventors: John E. Cagle, Robert W. Brown
  • Patent number: 8894409
    Abstract: The present invention provides, inter alia, a colored flame candle. This colored flame candle contains: a wick, a body of solid combustible material surrounding the wick except a tip portion of the wick, and a first encapsulated color agent adapted to color a flame of the candle, which color agent is dispersed within the solid combustible material and/or on the wick. Also provided is a wick for a colored flame candle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: La Torre Innovation LLC
    Inventors: Justin S. La Torre, John D. Blizzard
  • Patent number: 8840399
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing candles, to the candles produced by this production method and to the device used in the production thereof. The invention relates to a novel method for producing candles ranging from simple shapes to decorative, ornamental, three-dimensional objects, from slabs of wax, wax profiles and wax molds, comprising an independently inserted wick, e.g. linear, arched or branched, and to a novel device for producing decorative slabs of wax as semi-finished products, inter alia for use in the above-mentioned method for producing candles. The invention also relates to candles that are produced using said device and said method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Alusi Europa Limited
    Inventor: Maha Alusi
  • Patent number: 8708694
    Abstract: A wooden wick for use in a wax candle comprising a strip of a predetermined wood having each of a first predetermined length, a first predetermined width and a first predetermined thickness. Such wick further includes a booster member having each of a second predetermined length, a second predetermined width and a second predetermined thickness adhered to the strip of wood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Dream Wick Inc.
    Inventors: Melynda Suzanne Delcotto, Justin Damiani
  • Publication number: 20140087318
    Abstract: A metallic wick assembly includes at least one mesh member and a sleeve member. The at least one mesh member includes a first length defined between first and second ends thereof. The sleeve member is mounted around the mesh member and includes a second length defined between two longitudinal opposite ends thereof. The second length is less than the first length. A third length is defined between a distal end of the sleeve member and the first end of the mesh member. The sleeve member is slidable with respect to the mesh member to adjust the third length for controlling the flame scale.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: Pro-Iroda Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Wei-Long Chen
  • Patent number: 8668492
    Abstract: A removable, candle wick for its ability to be removed from a body of meltable wax and replaced on the same body of meltable wax or placed on a different body of wax. Being anchored on a metal wick tab allows wick to be placed on top of a flat wax surface with stem portion being ignited with a flame. As wax melts the wick tab sinks into the wax and can be extinguished and removed from wax before wax hardens and then placed in a container and reused as desired. The wick will burn wax completely and evenly, and after burning a body of wax, entirely extinguished and placed on a new body of wax to start a new burning. The wick will burn as long as it comes in contact with a meltable body of wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Inventor: Jacqueline Elaine Carroll
  • Publication number: 20130330678
    Abstract: A metallic wick includes at least one mesh member having first and second ends disposed opposite to each other, first and second surfaces respectively extended from the first end to the second end thereof and arranged opposite to each other, a plurality of meshes penetrating the first and second surfaces between the first and second ends thereof, and a transport channel extending from the first end to the second end thereof drawing fuel by capillary action.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Publication date: December 12, 2013
    Applicant: Pro-Iroda Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Wei-Long Chen
  • Publication number: 20130157207
    Abstract: A substantially planar wick is formed with a two- or three-dimensional pattern.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: Smith Mountain Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark A. Spangler
  • Publication number: 20130095440
    Abstract: A rigid planar wick and one or more fabric wicks are adhered together for use in candles. The fabric wicks may be planar fabric wicks, traditional shaped string-shaped wicks or a fabric sheath. The rigid wick is of a predetermined width, length, and thickness and the planar fabric wick is of some dimension equal to, less than, or greater than the planar surface area of the rigid wick. By combining both a planar fabric wick and a rigid planar wick, consistency in flame heights can be achieved, providing an improved wick for candle use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2011
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: The Yankee Candle Company, Inc.
    Inventors: John E. Cagle, Cheriyan B. Thomas
  • Patent number: 8348662
    Abstract: A candle having a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick. When lit, the candle provides a unique flame formation, usable in a variety of decorative applications. The wick can be configured to evenly deplete the meltable fuel, while allowing for candles having relatively large and unique body configurations. The body of candle and/or the wick may include scented oil to promote the release of fragrance upon heating. The wick preferably is formed of wood, thereby providing an acoustic contribution to ambiance and improved combustion that generates less soot than conventional cotton wick candles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Lumetique, Inc.
    Inventor: DayNa M. Decker
  • Patent number: 8292614
    Abstract: A liquid fuel cell that includes a canister having a fuel reservoir and a burner assembly mounted upon the canister. The burner assembly contains a wick holding aperture that opens into the fuel reservoir and a wick that is made up of continuous fiber strands mounted in the tube. The wick is doubled over to create a crown that is vertically disposed above the top of the wick holding aperture and the two ends of the wick are arranged to pass down through the wick burner into the fuel reservoir. A number of fiber strands are severed in the crown region to create a small island of bristles which greatly enhances the wick's ability to be rapidly and efficiently ignited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: Hollowick, Inc.
    Inventor: Charles R. K. Mitchell
  • Publication number: 20120264069
    Abstract: A candle wick includes a first layer of paper or dried pulp and a second layer of material selected from the group consisting of paper, silk, thread, textiles, corn fiberfill, cotton batting, bamboo fiber, soybean protein fiber, wood, alpaca hair, dried pulp, rosin, resin, and fibrous material. The first layer is attached to the second layer to form a candle wick that is pliable and shapeable from a generally flat shape to a generally curved shaped. When ignited, the material comprising the candle wick is capable of providing sufficient fuel to a flame to provide a substantially consistent burn from an upper portion to a lower portion. A wick clip includes a slot similarly sized and shaped to receive an undersurface of the pliable, shaped configuration of the candle wick. The candle wick and wick clip form a clip assembly.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Inventor: John Ramirez
  • Patent number: 8206150
    Abstract: A method for extinguishing a candle at timed intervals using a combustible material is disclosed. In one exemplary embodiment, the method includes: utilizing a combustible composition adapted for application to a wick segment; utilizing a combustible first wick segment; coupling a combustible second wick segment to the combustible first wick segment; placing the combustible second wick segment adjacent to the first wick segment; and configuring the combustible second wick segment to, as the combustible first wick segment, once ignited, burns down to the combustible second wick segment, interrupt and slowly self-extinguish the burning of the first wick segment. The candle wick is configured to be relit, post extinguishment, without having to physically remove a non-combustible barrier. A combustible composition also is disclosed. A candle further is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Inventor: Travis Aaron Wade
  • Publication number: 20120148967
    Abstract: A candle wick (14) comprises a first wick member (16A) and a second wick member (16B). The first wick member (16A) includes a first slot (218A). The second wick member (16B) includes a second slot (218B). The second slot (218B) is engaged with the first slot (218A) so that the second wick member (16B) is engaged with the first wick member (16A) in an interlocking manner. The first wick member (16A) can be engaged at an angle with the second wick member (16B). The first wick member (16A) and the second wick member (16B) can be positioned at right angles or other than right angles relative to one another. Further, the first wick member (16A) includes a first wood material and the second wick member (16B) includes a second wood material. The first wood material can be substantially similar to the second wood material, or the first wood material can be different than the second wood material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Inventor: Thomas J. Thomas
  • Publication number: 20120129114
    Abstract: This invention relates to a candle wick system for use with a container, in particular, a system including a candle wick, a wick dip, utilized alone and in combination thereof; wherein the candle wick system is for use with a container populated by a fuel having a wick with a height, a variable cross-sectional area, and a thickness.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventor: Thomas J. Barresi
  • Publication number: 20110027735
    Abstract: A candle having a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick. When lit, the candle provides a unique flame formation, usable in a variety of decorative applications. The wick can be configured to evenly deplete the meltable fuel, while allowing for candles having relatively large and unique body configurations. The body of candle and/or the wick may include scented oil to promote the release of fragrance upon heating. The wick preferably is formed of wood, thereby providing an acoustic contribution to ambiance and improved combustion that generates less soot than conventional cotton wick candles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Publication date: February 3, 2011
    Applicant: Lumetique, Inc.
    Inventor: DayNa M. Decker
  • Patent number: 7878796
    Abstract: A candle flame candle which is constructed of a center wick and a body of wax surrounding the center wick except a tip portion of wick wherein the wick is impregnated with at least one of a coloring agent and a color enhancer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: La Torre Innovations LLC
    Inventor: Justin S. La Torre
  • Patent number: 7798808
    Abstract: An upwardly extending sectional candle is provided. The candle includes adjacent upper and lower wax sections stacked vertically relative to each other, each wax section having a thickness. The candle also includes a spacer formed from a non-flammable material. The spacer has a first surface, a second surface, and a thickness, wherein the first and second surfaces have a non-flat shape. The spacer contacts the upper wax section at the first surface and the lower wax section at the second surface. Each adjacent upper and lower wax section has a wick embedded in, and extending vertically through each wax section. The adjacent upper and lower wax sections are configured to be separated into individual wax sections at the spacer, thus exposing a like-new clean wax surface of the at least one of the upper and lower individual wax sections after the candle is separated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2010
    Inventor: Robert Bruce Kleve
  • Patent number: 7731492
    Abstract: A fuel charge for use with a melting plate candle assembly includes an outer shell of fuel material surrounding an inner core of fuel material having different properties than the fuel material of the outer shell. The outer shell is substantially solid and may contain fuel additive that slows capillary flow of liquid fuel to the flame through the wick. The inner core may include liquid fuel, discrete solid fuel particles, or a solid fuel mass. The fuel additive is disposed in the fuel charge so as to slow migration of liquefied fuel to a flame on a wick only after a substantial portion of the fuel charge has been liquefied by heat from the flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    Inventors: Chris A. Kubicek, Thomas J. Szymczak, Kara L. Lakatos, Padma Prabodh Varanasi, Joel E. Adair, Paul E. Fumer
  • Patent number: 7682149
    Abstract: A powered, mechanical teeth cleaning device having two lines of rotating brushes is disclosed. The brushes rotate inwardly from each side, giving a cleaning effect on both buccal and lingual surface of the tooth from the gum tissue to the tooth direction. A protective shield for minimizing tissue irritation, a guiding stop for proper tooth positioning and a brush direction-of-rotation switch are included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2010
    Inventor: Travis Aaron Wade
  • Patent number: 7658608
    Abstract: An application for a method of making a candle includes providing a candle core and adding a base layer of wax to the candle core. Next, an image area is cut out of the base layer large enough to contain an image and the base layer is peeled away from the candle core in the image area. An adhesion layer of wax is added to the candle core. An image is installed in the image area. A clear layer of wax is added to the candle core, also covering the image. An outer layer of wax is added to the candle core, also covering the image area then the image area is cut out of the outer layer and the outer layer is peeled away from the candle core in the image area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Inventor: Nicolas A. Weathersbee
  • Patent number: 7578670
    Abstract: A self-extinguishing candle is described, comprising a candle body made of wax or other suitable fuel. One or more series of wick appliances having an internal hollow channel are longitudinally disposed within the candle body. A single length of wick traverses through the collinear channels of each series of wick appliances. Within each wick appliance the section of wick therein is formed into a wick contraction. The wick contraction may be formed by bending, folding, spiraling, coiling, gathering or furling the section of wick, thereby increasing the overall length of wick contained within the interior of each wick appliance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2009
    Inventors: Lisa L. Keiffer, Geovany R. Miranda
  • Patent number: 7568913
    Abstract: An oil lamp and fragrance release apparatus for providing a unique flame formation usable in a variety of decorative applications. The lamp includes a body that has an open upper end and that defines a chamber for carrying a combustible liquid. The lamp further includes a sheet wick having a lower end located in the chamber of the body, for contacting the combustible liquid, and an upper end projecting upwardly from the open upper end. The wick of inorganic material may be positioned between first and second plates arranged in a spaced, confronting relationship to enhance capillary action, may be freestanding stone of fibrous, permeable material or may be wrapped about a rigid plate. The wick provides a unique horizontal flame formation, while displaying d├ęcor on the outer surface of the flat wall. Optionally, the lamp may include scented oil and a conductive element to promote the release of fragrance upon heating, and the wick can be configured of material having high heat fragrance emanation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2009
    Assignee: Lumetique, Inc.
    Inventors: DayNa M. Decker, Steven Dodson
  • Patent number: 7396229
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel self extinguishing safety candle wick that can be inserted into an axial vertical bore of a preformed solid fuel candle body or can be placed in a candle mold for casting of a solid fuel candle. The self extinguishing safety candle wick comprises a central support core having a plurality of combustion enabling wick portions fixed along the length of the core separated one from one another by interposed extinguishing gaps bridged by bare core portions. The invention also relates to methods of manufacture of the self extinguishing safety candle wick.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2008
    Inventor: George Ortiz, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7318724
    Abstract: A candle assembly includes a support base, a melting plate having a capillary pedestal, a wick holder that fits onto the capillary pedestal, and a fuel element that fits over the wick holder. The wick holder includes a sleeve having first and second open ends. A wick fits into the sleeve and extends between the open ends. The sleeve has a constricted portion, which is disposed between the open ends and has a cross-sectional area less than any other cross-sectional area between the open ends. The constricted portion reduces an effective capillary fluid flow capacity of the wick between the open ends, which may thereby regulate how quickly fuel is consumed when the candle assembly is burning. A capillary well disposed between the wick holder and the capillary pedestal may be adapted to promote a successful relight after an initial burn of the candle assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2008
    Assignee: S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    Inventors: Chris A. Kubicek, Cory J. Nelson, Thomas J. Szymczak, Paul E. Furner
  • Patent number: 7303143
    Abstract: A wick assembly is provided for use in a dispensing device that dispenses volatile material from a wick by heat. Two wick sections of differing material are provided in stacked fashion, with a coupler sleeve that can be used to facilitate attachment of the wick structure to a reservoir. One wick section preferably provides control over the rate of dispensing, where the other provides improved thermal resistance and resistance to clogging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2007
    Assignee: S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Davis, Robert R. Emmrich, Kenneth J. Welch, Padma P. Varanasi, Joel E. Adair
  • Patent number: 7293984
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel self extinguishing safety candle wick that can be inserted into an axial vertical bore of a preformed solid fuel candle body or can be placed in a candle mold for casting of a solid fuel candle. The self extinguishing safety candle wick comprises a central support core having a plurality of combustion enabling wick portions fixed along the length of the core separated one from one another by interposed extinguishing gaps bridged by bare core portions. The invention also relates to methods of manufacture of the self extinguishing safety candle wick.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2007
    Inventor: George Ortiz, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7217301
    Abstract: A triacylglycerol-based wax, which can be used in candle making, is provided. The triacylglycerol-based material is predominantly includes a triacylglycerol stock which has a fatty acid profile has no more than about 25 wt. % fatty acids having less than 18 carbon atoms. In addition, the fatty acid profile of the triacylglycerol typically includes at least about 50 wt. % 18:1 fatty acid and no more than about 25 wt. % 18:0 fatty acid. In another embodiment, the triacylglycerol-based material is characterized in part by an Iodine Value of about 60 to about 75. For applications such as candles, the wax commonly includes a hydrogenated vegetable oil and palmitic acid. Candles formed from triacylglycerol-based material and methods of producing the candles are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2007
    Assignee: Cargill, Incorporated
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Melinda Kae Doucette, Nathaniel C. House, III
  • Patent number: 7189072
    Abstract: An apparatus for producing a sustained flame, comprising: an inner wick with a hollow center; an outer wick disposed around the inner wick, wherein the region between the inner wick and the outer wick defines an inter-wick region, and wherein the region around the outer wick defines an outer wick peripheral region; at least one fuel reservoir, for containing a flame-fueling liquid, in communication with at least one of the wicks; a first air container; a first air channel connecting the first air container to the center of the inner wick; and a second air container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2007
    Inventor: Susumu Matsuyama
  • Patent number: 7182593
    Abstract: A jar candle includes at least two decorative elements located adjacent the interior of the jar and positioned in a predetermined relationship with respect to one another. A manufacturing method for forming the jar candle includes proving a jar having an interior surface defining an interior region. A sleeve having a predetermined pattern is slid over the jar. The sleeve and jar are aligned and a decorative element is applied to the interior surface of the jar element in alignment with the pre-determined pattern on the sleeve. The jar is then filled with wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignee: Silk Road Gifts, Inc.
    Inventor: Vincent Lin
  • Patent number: 6991453
    Abstract: An oil lamp for providing a unique flame formation usable in a variety of decorative applications. The lamp includes a body that has an open upper end and that defines a chamber for carrying a combustible liquid. The lamp further includes a planar wick having a lower end located in the chamber of the body, for contacting the combustible liquid, and an upper end projecting upwardly from the open upper end. The wick may be positioned between first and second plates arranged in a spaced, confronting relationship to enhance capillary action or may be wrapped about a rigid plate. When lit, the lamp provides a unique flame formation. Optionally, the lamp may include scented oil and a conductive element to promote the release of fragrance upon heating, and the wick can be configured free of material having a high heat conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Inventors: DayNa Decker, Steven Dodson
  • Patent number: 6923639
    Abstract: A flame-retardant wick holder for a candle is made of a material having a UL-94 vertical burn test rating of at least V-0, including polymers and ceramics. The wick holder supports a wick at the bottom of a candle. The wick holder material causes the flame on the wick to extinguish when it reaches the holder, thereby preventing flashover of the residual candle fuel at the end of the candle useful life. One version of the holder has a cylindrical sleeve fit over a wick clip holding the lower end of the wick. The cylindrical holder is well adapted for use in pillar-type candles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: Bath & Body Works, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradley D. Pesu, Joseph P. Romano, Fabian Destefano, Cheriyan B. Thomas
  • Patent number: 6921260
    Abstract: A candle with transparent flame and flame temperature higher than paraffin candles consists of a fuel mix consisting of sorbitol, ethane diol and glycerol with a polyaramid wick. The candle can be used in catering and for the production of colored flames. For colored flames a colorant wick delivers the colorant to the portion of the flame that maximises the temperature and the residence time of the colorant in the flame. The colorant wick may be spirally wound around a former, heat set and then threaded with the combustion wick so that when alight the free end of the colorant wick relaxes to lie in the hottest portion of the flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: Novaflame Pty. Ltd.
    Inventor: Vyt Garnys
  • Patent number: 6852234
    Abstract: A method for in-situ burning of oil slicks on water, including the steps of: 1) providing a plurality of individual floating wicks; 2) positioning the wicks in the oil slick; and 3) igniting the wicks. Additionally, a method for manufacturing floating wicks for use in burning oil spills, including the steps of: 1) providing a wick material having a dry density less than water; 2) applying to the wick material an oleophilic, hydrophobic coating such that the coated wick material has an oil uptake capacity of at least 2 g/g and a water uptake capacity of no greater than 5 g/g; and 3) drying the wick material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: The Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
    Inventor: Gary A. Breitenbeck
  • Publication number: 20040211549
    Abstract: A grooved sintered wick for a heat pipe is provided having a plurality of individual particles which together yield an average particle diameter. The grooved sintered wick further includes at least two adjacent lands that are in fluid communication with one another through a particle layer disposed between the lands where the particle layer comprises at least one dimension that is no more than about six average particle diameters. A heat pipe is also provided comprising a grooved wick that includes a plurality of individual particles having an average diameter. The grooved wick includes at least two adjacent lands that are in fluid communication with one another through a particle layer disposed between the lands that comprises less than about six average particle diameters. A method for making a heat pipe wick in accordance with the foregoing structures is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2003
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Inventors: Scott D. Garner, James E. Lindemuth, Jerome E. Toth, John H. Rosenfeld, Kenneth G. Minnerly
  • Patent number: 6793484
    Abstract: A flame-retardant wick holder for a candle is made of a material having a UL-94 vertical burn test rating of at least V-0, including polymers and ceramics. The wick holder supports a wick at the bottom of a candle. The wick holder material causes the flame on the wick to extinguish when it reaches the holder, thereby preventing flashover of the residual candle fuel at the end of the candle useful life. One version of the holder includes a barrier extending upwardly around the holder for catching a drooping wick from causing secondary wicking and possible flashover near the end of the candle useful life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: Bath & Body Works, Inc.
    Inventors: Bradley D. Pesu, Joseph P. Romano
  • Patent number: 6758667
    Abstract: A candlewick for use in a candle system includes two or more wicks which are intertwined and at least one binding member, such as a generally non-wicking yarn, which holds the wicks intertwined. The binding member decomposes in response to heat generated by a single flame fueled by the wicks so that the wicks separate from each other to define a pair of wick ends which fuel the single flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Atkins & Pearce, Inc.
    Inventor: Mara L. Wilson
  • Patent number: 6699034
    Abstract: Knit candle wicks provide a stable, higher yield yet similar burn rate or flame height as compared to lower yield braided candle wicks by providing improved capillary flow as well as an increase in the functional surface area. In addition, candle burning safety is improved as the wicks of this invention provide a self-trimming wick that creates a more stable flame height and uniform wax pool diameter as the candle burns. In preferred forms, the knit wicks of this invention are a warp knit construction in which the interlocking loops run lengthwise in the direction of the wick material. In addition, the various warp knit constructions can comprise both interlocking loop or warp ends as well as weft or laid-in yarns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2004
    Inventor: Vincent E. Schoeck
  • Patent number: 6688880
    Abstract: A wick extender is provided that may be used with candles that have such short wicks that the candles are not easily lightable. The wick extender includes a wick affixed to a rigid support member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2004
    Inventor: Randy Lee Pangle
  • Publication number: 20040018464
    Abstract: A wick extender is provided that may be used with candles that have such short wicks that the candles are not easily lightable. The wick extender includes a wick affixed to a rigid support member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2002
    Publication date: January 29, 2004
    Inventor: Randy Lee Pangle
  • Publication number: 20040009447
    Abstract: A candle is provided having a body of a meltable fuel and a planar wick. When lit, the candle provides a unique flame formation, usable in a variety of decorative applications. The wick can be configured to evenly deplete the meltable fuel, while allowing for candles having relatively large and unique body configurations. Optionally, the body of candle and/or the wick may include scented oil to promote the release of fragrance upon heating and the wick may comprise wood, thereby providing an acoustic contribution to ambiance, improved combustion that generates less soot than conventional candles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2002
    Publication date: January 15, 2004
    Inventor: DayNa Decker
  • Publication number: 20030235797
    Abstract: A non-metal candle wick made from coffee filters which produce an increased flame size and less non-combustible residue. The non-metal candle wick is manufactured by a method wherein coffee filters are placed in an alcohol bath, dried, cut and twisted into the desired shape, placed in a molten wax bath, and then removed for drying.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2002
    Publication date: December 25, 2003
    Inventors: Teresa D. McCullough, Claude E. Boyle