Whirling, Recycling Material, Or Reversing Flow In An Enclosed Flame Zone Patents (Class 431/9)
  • Patent number: 10330321
    Abstract: A combustor section for a gas turbine engine includes a can combustor with a combustion chamber. A pilot fuel injection system is in axial communication with the combustion chamber. A main fuel injection system is in radial communication with the combustion chamber. The main fuel injection system includes a multiple of first main fuel nozzles that circumferentially alternate with a multiple of second main fuel nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Timothy S. Snyder
  • Patent number: 10330320
    Abstract: A combustor section for a gas turbine engine includes an outer wall assembly and an inner wall assembly inboard of the outer wall assembly to define an annular combustion chamber therebetween. A forward fuel injection system is in communication with the combustion chamber. A downstream fuel injection system is in communication with the combustion chamber through the outer wall assembly and a swirl mixer system in communication with the combustion chamber through the inner wall assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Timothy S. Snyder, III
  • Patent number: 10293319
    Abstract: In an apparatus comprising a chamber (3) of a reactor drops (8) of a to be converted liquid are generated by a nozzle (2) positioned in a space (7) separate from the chamber (3). The drops (8) make a free fall thought the space 7 and enter via an opening (7a) the chamber (3) where they fall onto an evaporator body (9) for evaporation, the evaporated liquid leaves a solid deposit (1), A gaseous reactant line (11) supplies a reactant gas for conversion of the solid deposit (1) on the surface of the evaporator body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: Clean Fuels B.V.
    Inventor: Roland Siemons
  • Patent number: 10197270
    Abstract: A combustion burner for a boiler includes: an inner cylinder defining a fuel supply passage for supplying fuel; an outer cylinder surrounding the inner cylinder and defining an air supply passage between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder; and a swirler in the air supply passage, the swirler being configured to swirl air in the air supply passage. The swirler includes a plurality of blades radially disposed between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder, the plurality of blades extending from an air-supply side toward a combustion-space side of the air supply passage, and each of the plurality of blades having, at least on an inner cylinder side of the blade, a section with a thickness varied in a burner axial direction, the thickness being smaller at an edge portion on the combustion-space side than at a maximum-thickness section of the blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS, LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Arakawa, Kazuaki Hashiguchi, Keiji Takeno, Atsushi Yuasa, Takahiro Jojima, Hideta Ogawa, Shogo Sawa
  • Patent number: 9513001
    Abstract: An oxy-combustion boiler unit is disclosed which includes a furnace for combusting fuel and for emitting flue gas resulting from combustion. The furnace has first, second and third combustion zones, and an air separation unit for separating oxygen gas from air and providing a first portion of the separated oxygen to a first oxidant flow, a second portion to a second oxidant flow, and a third portion of the separated oxygen gas to the first, second, and third zones of the furnace. A controller can cause the separated oxygen gas to be distributed so that the first and second oxygen flows have a desired oxygen content, and so that the first, second, and third zones of the furnace receive a desired amount of oxygen based on a combustion zone stoichiometry control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY GMBH
    Inventors: Xinsheng Lou, Jundong Zhang, Abhinaya Joshi, James A. McCombe, Armand A. Levasseur
  • Patent number: 9366441
    Abstract: A combustor with a burner maintains combustion stability. The burner includes an air hole member 31 with a plurality of air holes 34, 35 provided at an upstream side of the combustion gases generated by a combustion chamber 1. A first fueling nozzle 33 jets fuel in a direction crossing a central axis of the burner towards at least two of air holes 35. A plurality of second fueling nozzles 32, one for each of the remaining air holes 34, are provided to jet the fuel in a direction routed along the burner axis towards the corresponding air hole 34. A fuel header 30 distributes the fuel to the first fueling nozzle 33 and each of the second fueling nozzles 32. A fuel header storage unit 70 shrouds the fuel header 30, fueling nozzles 32, 33, and has an air inflow hole 71.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Daisuke Hayashi, Shohei Yoshida
  • Patent number: 9316396
    Abstract: A hot gas path duct or unibody liner for a gas turbine includes a main body having a forward end and an aft end. The main body defines a cross-sectional flow area and an axial flow length that extends between the forward end and the aft end. The main body further defines a fuel injection portion disposed downstream from the forward end and upstream from the aft end. The cross-sectional flow area decreases along the axial flow length between the forward end and the fuel injection portion and increases along at least a portion of the axial flow length downstream from the fuel injection portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Richard Martin DiCintio, Wei Chen
  • Patent number: 9178234
    Abstract: In various aspects, systems and methods are provided for integrated operation of molten carbonate fuel cells with turbines for power generation. Instead of selecting the operating conditions of a fuel cell to improve or maximize the electrical efficiency of the fuel cell, an excess of reformable fuel can be passed into the anode of the fuel cell to increase the chemical energy output of the fuel cell. The increased chemical energy output can be used for additional power generation, such as by providing fuel for a hydrogen turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Paul J. Berlowitz, Timothy Andrew Barckholtz, Frank H. Hershkowitz, Anita S. Lee
  • Patent number: 9134024
    Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided for controlling the introduction of air into a burner. More particularly, the invention provides for a damper system that controls the introduction of air into a burner system by altering the size of a peripheral flow path for the introduction of air into the plenum of the burner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: John Zink Company, LLC
    Inventors: Erwin M. Platvoet, Thomas M. Korb, Michel Sean McKinney, Ronnie Glen Taylor, Chad Nathan Carroll
  • Patent number: 9077006
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for capturing CO2 from a combustion source using molten carbonate fuel cells (MCFCs). The fuel cells are operated to have a reduced anode fuel utilization. Optionally, at least a portion of the anode exhaust is recycled for use as a fuel for the combustion source. Optionally, a second portion of the anode exhaust is recycled for use as part of an anode input stream. This can allow for a reduction in the amount of fuel cell area required for separating CO2 from the combustion source exhaust and/or modifications in how the fuel cells are operated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Paul J. Berlowitz, Timothy Andrew Barckholtz, Frank H. Hershkowitz
  • Patent number: 9057028
    Abstract: Described herein are gradual oxidation systems that receive and process solid, liquid, or gaseous fuels. The system can include a solid fuel gasifier that extracts and cleans gas fuel from a solid fuel. The system can also include a reaction chamber that receives the gas fuel and maintains a gradual oxidation process of the fuel. In some embodiments, liquids containing contaminants can be oxidized within the gradual oxidation chamber. Liquid fuels and gas fuels may be communicated to the oxidation chamber separately or in combination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: ENER-CORE POWER, INC.
    Inventor: Edan D. Prabhu
  • Patent number: 9033697
    Abstract: A method for starting a burner for combusting synthesis gases is provided. The burner includes first and second fuel passages, the first fuel passage encompasses the second fuel passage in a substantially concentric manner and the gas transferred to the burner is mixed with combusting air and is combusted. In order to start the burner, the second fuel passage is first loaded with a synthesis gas to a predefined burner power at a first starting phase and the first fuel passage is loaded with the synthesis gas at a second starting phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Berthold Köstlin, Frank Hannemann, Andreas Heilos, Gerhard Zimmermann
  • Patent number: 9033696
    Abstract: A burner for use with an induced draft furnace and which satisfies reduced nitrous oxide (NOx) emission standards is disclosed. The burner may employ a mechanical swirler that introduces a rotational vector to the emitted air and fuel mixed by the burner. By introducing the rotational vector, the resulting flame is more stable and sustainable even with the relatively low air flow afforded by an induced system. Such flame stability can be enhanced by positioning the burner directly within an inlet to a heat exchanger and manufacturing the inlet with reception surfaces that form a frusto-conically shaped flame expansion zone. In doing so, a secondary source of air is avoided and NOx emissions are reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Carrier Corporation
    Inventors: Michael R. Carey, Catalin G. Fotache, Scott A. Liljenberg
  • Patent number: 9011141
    Abstract: The invention relates to a burner comprising several substantially concentric channels, one (1) of which is arranged outside of all fuel supply conduits and is delimited by two pipes (2,3), whose axes (4) are placed in a parallel position and which are movable with respect to each other. According to said invention, diverting members (6) used for imparting a tangential component (7) to a fluid flowing in the channel (1) are carried by the first pipe (2) and are fixed thereto, the second pipe (3) comprises a drive portion (9) for driving the fluid outside the diverting members (6) and the angle of tangential deviation of the fluid at the downstream end (8) of the channel (1) depends on the axial position of the second pipe (3) with respect to the first pipe (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: EGCI Pillard
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Pillard
  • Patent number: 8961169
    Abstract: A method includes the steps of operating a regenerative burner in cycles, including a firing cycle in which fuel and combustion air are discharged from the burner into a process chamber, and a nonfiring cycle in which a quantity of gas is withdrawn from the process chamber through a regenerative bed associated with the burner. The method further includes steps of detecting and responding to a temperature that differs from a predetermined temperature at a location in the process chamber. In a first step of responding to the detected temperature, a flue damper system is operated to vary a flow of gas within the process chamber relative to the location of the detected temperature. A second step of responding to the detected temperature reduces the quantity of gas to be withdrawn from the process chamber through the regenerative bed in a subsequent nonfiring cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Fives North American Combustion, Inc.
    Inventors: John N. Newby, Thomas F. Robertson, Justin R. Dzik, William E. Tracey
  • Publication number: 20150050605
    Abstract: A low NOx burner has a housing that includes a burner head defining a gas manifold and a primary flame zone downstream of the burner head. The burner has a gas inlet for receiving gas. Flow-through air vents are disposed around a center of the burner head and extending through the burner head thereby enabling cold core air to flow from an annular core space upstream of the burner head to the primary flame zone downstream of the burner head. The burner also includes a plurality of premix air vents in fluid communication with the manifold for premixing air and gas within the manifold and for emitting premixed air and gas into the primary flame zone. A plurality of staging pipes extend from the manifold into the primary flame zone for conveying gas into the primary flame zone. The burner includes an ignition device extending into the primary flame zone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Applicant: Haul-All Equipment Ltd.
    Inventors: Sergiu Desi-Seulean, Jerry Ejdrygiewicz, David Neufeldt
  • Patent number: 8920160
    Abstract: Low NOx emission industrial burner, adapted to operate both in a flame or stage mode and in a flameless mode, so that also the heating step of the chamber of a furnace may be made by means of the same burner, without providing a pilot burner, thus ensuring very low NOx emissions for the whole operation range of the burner and for the whole range of temperatures in the chamber. The combustion process, made by means of said burner, provides for the possibility to combine the stage mode operation with the flameless mode operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Danieli & C. Officine Meccaniche S.p.A.
    Inventors: Enrico Mozzi, Michele Valenza
  • Patent number: 8882491
    Abstract: The invention is a connection duct between the blower and a mixing device of a burner. The connection duct expands wedge-shaped along a first direction and diverts air from the blower to a second direction. The connection duct further comprises diverting means for diverting the air in a circular flow around the second direction corresponding to a longitudinal axis of the mixing device. The diverting means comprise a tube section with at least one inflow opening arranged in the peripheral wall of the diverting means. A truncated cone comprising a tapering section is arranged in the tube section so that the tapering section faces in the direction of the mixing device. A passage cross-section of the inflow opening can be adjusted by a tube arranged in the peripheral wall which can be rotated around the tube's longitudinal axis and bears against the internal surface of the tube section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Dome Holding GmbH
    Inventor: Thomas Rütten
  • Publication number: 20140308619
    Abstract: A lean premix burner has a center fire nozzle, which includes radial gas outlets and a ring of outlets. The gas outlets from the center fire nozzle are fed from a manifold. The center fire gas is controlled separately from the main gas supply, which has several advantages, including enhanced turn down capability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2014
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: Hauck Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Bruce Wartluft
  • Patent number: 8857423
    Abstract: A jet type gas cooker includes a burner head having a mixing chamber therewithin, wherein a grid element is disposed at a bottom side of the mixing chamber of the burner head; a flame controller seated on top of the burner head; a fuel gas pipe extended to the bottom side of the burner head for ejecting fuel gas into the mixing chamber; and a gas flow disturbing mixer supported within the mixing chamber of the burner head for mixing the fuel gas with air to form a combustion gas within the mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Inventor: Meishun He
  • Publication number: 20140272730
    Abstract: A combustion system can allow for the interaction of a magnetic field and an electrical current within a flame supported by a nozzle. The magnetic field can be generated by one or more electromagnets in proximity to or contact with the flame. The electrical current can be generated by a voltage potential difference generated between a first electrode and a second electrode located at tip and base regions of the flame, respectively. The interaction between the electrical current and the magnetic field can generate a force that can produce a constant lateral movement of ions within flame, generating a vortex that can enhance mixing of air and fuel. The speed and direction of this vortex can be controlled by actively varying the magnitude and direction of electrical currents applied in the one or more electromagnets and the electric current induced within the flame, as well as by varying the spatial relationship between these two factors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: ClearSign Combustion Corporation
    Inventors: IGOR A. KRICHTAFOVITCH, DAVID B. GOODSON
  • Patent number: 8827691
    Abstract: During a heating phase, injection of a jet of fuel and oxidant (fuel annularly enshrouding oxidant or oxidant annularly enshrouding fuel) from a fuel-oxidant nozzle is combusted in a combustion space. During a transition from the heating phase to a distributed combustion phase, an amount of a secondary portion of either the fuel or oxidant is injected as a jet into the combustion space while the primary portion of that same reactant from the fuel-oxidant nozzle is decreased. At some point during the transition phase, a jet of actuating fluid is injected at an angle towards the jet of reactants from the fuel-oxidant nozzle and/or towards the jet of the secondary portion of reactant. The jet of primary portions of reactants and/or secondary portion of reactant is caused to be bent/deviated towards the other of the two jets. The staging of the secondary portion of reactant is increased until a desired degrees of staging and commencement of a distributed combustion phase are achieved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignees: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude, American Air Liquide, Inc.
    Inventors: Rajeev S. Prabhakar, Remi Pierre Tsiava, Magnus Mortberg, Benoit Grand, Bertrand Leroux, Vivek Gautam
  • Patent number: 8814561
    Abstract: Stable operation of oxyfuel combustion boiler is ensured and amplification in likelihood of or downsizing of forced draft fan is attained. Upon change of commanded boiler load from start value to target value by target time, a feed amount of oxygen from oxygen producing device is regulated for attainment of oxygen concentration on entry side of the boiler body from reference value to attainment point or target entry-side oxygen concentration within entry-side oxygen concentration regulation range by target time. After attainment to attainment point, control is made to return entry-side oxygen concentration to reference value at return point. Airflow rate of forced draft fan is controlled with change rate smaller than change rate with which air flow rate of forced draft fan reaches target value by target time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: IHI Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuya Hori, Toshihiko Yamada, Yohei Akutsu
  • Patent number: 8777609
    Abstract: A heater having first and second oxygen depletion sensors and a main burner injector and configurable for the delivery of at least first and second types of fuels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Coprecitec, S.L.
    Inventor: Ruben Mateos Martin
  • Publication number: 20140141382
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for introducing oxygen enriched air into a furnace includes injecting oxygen to a combustion chamber of the furnace; and entraining air into the oxygen during the injecting. If the furnace is a cross-fired regenerative furnace, the method and apparatus for introducing oxygen enriched air can be mounted to at least one regenerator for the furnace.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventor: Neil Simpson
  • Patent number: 8708696
    Abstract: Combustor. The combustor includes an axially symmetric tube along with means for introducing fuel and air into the tube. A swirler is disposed within the tube to impart rotation in a first direction to the air/fuel mixture. A plurality of holes downstream of the swirler are disposed around the tube and offset at an angle relative to an inward normal to the tube wall. Air is injected through the offset holes to impart rotation to the air/fuel mixture in a second direction opposite to the first direction. A combustion chamber having a diameter larger than that of the tube receives and burns the air/fuel mixture from the tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Ahmed F. Ghoniem, Zachary A. LaBry, Santosh J. Shanbhogue, Raymond L. Speth
  • Patent number: 8702418
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a method for generating heat energy includes injecting a stream having a concentration of at least 50% oxygen (O2 stream) into a primary gas stream through a mixer, the mixer discharging the O2 stream as two or more spaced jets traversing the primary stream, thereby enriching the primary gas stream. The method further includes mixing fuel with the enriched primary gas stream, thereby forming a fuel stream; and combusting the fuel stream, thereby forming a flue gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: M. Usman Ghani, Florian Gautier, Rajani K. Varagani, Susie Levesque, Bernard Labegorre, Frederic Camy-Peyret, Sylvain Grillon, Pavol Pranda
  • Patent number: 8690976
    Abstract: A fuel reformer is provided that is capable of improving endurance and performance. The fuel reformer includes a first burner having a first-burner first end, a first-burner second end, and a first opening formed in the first-burner first end; a second burner surrounding the first burner and having a second-burner second end, a second-burner second end, and a second opening in the second-burner first end, wherein the second-burner second end is coupled to the first-burner second end to communicate a fluid. The reforming reactor is configured to generate heat from the first and second burners, and has a fuel supply including a nozzle unit in the first burner and supplies a second oxidation fuel from the outside to the first burner. A first oxidation fuel is introduced into the first opening and flows through the first burner in a first direction and flows through the second burner in a third direction opposite to the first direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: In-Hyuk Son
  • Patent number: 8636500
    Abstract: According to an embodiment, a method of operating an oxy/fuel system and an oxy/fuel system circulate a support gas in the combustion system prior to activating at least one burner, produce the combustion fluid including CO2, wherein a level of the CO2 in the combustion fluid increases as a function of time, and continue production of the combustion fluid to exceed a predetermined level of the CO2 in the combustion fluid, for a period of time, the predetermined level being sufficient to permit the CO2 to be purified by a CO2 purification unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey William Kloosterman, Vincent White
  • Publication number: 20140004469
    Abstract: Method of combusting a fuel with an oxidizer and corresponding burner assembly, whereby a jet of fuel and a jet of primary oxidizer are injected into a combustion zone in contact with one another so as to generate a primary fuel-rich flame, a swirling first peripheral gas jet is injected through a first passage around the fuel jet and primary oxidizer jets and a swirling second peripheral gas jet is injected through a second passage around the first peripheral gas jet and whereby a jet of secondary oxidizer is injected through a passage into the combustion zone between the first and second peripheral gas jets.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide, Societe Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procedes
    Inventors: Patrick Recourt, Remi Tsiava
  • Patent number: 8616193
    Abstract: A gas burner for a cooking appliance is described. The gas burner includes a burner with an inner and outer wall positioned on a burner base, and a circular combustion chamber. The burner includes a plurality of angled fuel exit ports in the inner wall that swirl gaseous fuel into the combustion chamber. The burner also includes vanes on the base of the burner that swirl air drawn into the burner by convection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Electrolux Home Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael Padgett
  • Patent number: 8568134
    Abstract: A gas burner apparatus for discharging a mixture of fuel gas, air and flue gas into a furnace space of a furnace is provided. The burner tile includes at least one gas circulation port extending though the wall of the tile. The interior surface of the wall of the tile includes a Coanda surface. Fuel gas and/or flue gas conducted through the gas circulation port follows the path of the Coanda surface which allows more flue gas to be introduced into the stream. The exterior surface of the wall of the tile also includes a Coanda surface for facilitating the creation of a staged combustion zone. Also provided are improved burner tiles, improved gas tips and methods of burning a mixture of air, fuel gas and flue gas in a furnace space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: John Zink Company, LLC
    Inventors: Roger L. Poe, James Wilkins, Michael G. Claxton
  • Patent number: 8561602
    Abstract: Gas fire devices are provided that produce a swirling flame by passive means using the kinetic energy of gas exiting through burner ports located in a burner and the kinetic energy of air drawn through louvers or flaps radially positioned on the base of a plenum. Situated above the burner and plenum is a chimney, which surrounds the flame and may be a translucent or transparent material to help observers better see the flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Agio International Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Derik Andors, Stephen F. Richardson, Douglas DeFouw
  • Patent number: 8517719
    Abstract: A simple, economical and reliable swirl register [1000] is described for use with a wall burner of a commercial boiler. It employs a number of spaced swirl blocks [1150] that connect side plates [1110, 1120]. A number of moveable vanes [1130] are provided in the air ducts [1155] created between the swirl blocks [1150]. The vanes [1130] are attached to vane rods [1160] that operate the vanes [1130]. The swirl blocks [1150] are lightweight and rigid structures for holding the side plate [1110] a fixed distance from side plate [1120]. The block construction reduces binding of the vanes [1130] as the swirl register [1000] receives differential heating. The vane rods [1160] extend through a windbox front plate [1250] outside of the windbox area. A linkage assembly [1200] rotates the vane rods [1160]. A motor and gearbox [1230] cause all vanes [1130] to rotate the same amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventor: Oliver G. Briggs, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8506287
    Abstract: An apparatus and process is provided for combining fuel and combustion air to produce a mixture. The mixture is burned in a combustion chamber to produce a flame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas M. Perry, Jeffrey T. Rafter
  • Patent number: 8496472
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a process for the clean and convenient combustion of high viscosity liquid fuels, such as glycerol, as well as an apparatus useful for carrying such processes. In certain embodiments, the invention provides a process for glycerol combustion comprising providing a combustion apparatus with a glycerol combustion chamber that facilitates reflective heating, pre-heating the glycerol combustion chamber, atomizing the reduced viscosity glycerol, and combining the atomized glycerol with air in the glycerol combustion chamber to thereby completely combust the glycerol. In one embodiment, such as when using a pressure-atomizing nozzle, the inventive method may further comprise treating the glycerol to reduce the glycerol viscosity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: North Carolina State University
    Inventors: William L. Roberts, Brian Metzger, Timothy L. Turner
  • Patent number: 8485813
    Abstract: A low NOx burner system is disclosed that reduces the emission of CO and HC during cold furnace startups, minimizes NOx formation with preheated air, and provides a flat stable flame due to burner design improvements including three stage combustion. The burner system is designed to operate in either a low or high temperature mode by controlling the amount of combustion air provided to stage 1 and stage 2 combustion. The burner system is designed to heat the interior of a furnace for high-temperature combustion/furnace processes, such as aluminum melting and steel processes. The burner system can also be used for low temperature processes at temperatures below the auto-ignition temperature of the fuel and still produce very low CO, HC and NOx emissions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Hauck Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: James J. Feese, Bruce A. Wartluft
  • Publication number: 20130177858
    Abstract: A combustor includes a plurality of tubes arranged in a tube bundle and supported by at least one plate that extends radially within the combustor, wherein each tube includes an upstream end axially separated from a downstream end and provides fluid communication through the tube bundle. A flow conditioner extends upstream from the upstream end of one or more of the plurality of tubes, and a radial passage extends through the flow conditioner. A method for distributing fuel in a combustor including flowing a working fluid through a flow conditioner that extends from a tube that is configured in a tube bundle comprising a plurality of tubes and that is supported by at least one plate. The flow conditioner includes at least one radial passage to impart radial swirl to the working fluid. Flowing a fuel through an annular insert that is at least partially surrounded by the flow conditioner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2012
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Gregory Allen Boardman, Geoffrey David Myers, Hasan Karim, Michael John Hughes, Azardokht Hajiloo
  • Patent number: 8475164
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device (10) and a method for rotating a flame and/or a plume of smoke, arranged with a heat source (36) in a chamber (16) with at least one gas inlet opening (24, 26, 30) and a gas outlet opening (32). The gas inlet opening (24, 26, 30) and the heat source (36) are located in a lower area (12, 20?) of the chamber (16). The gas outlet opening (32) is located in an upper region (14) of the chamber (1.6). In this way, an ascending gas flow may be generated in the chamber (16). At least one gas inlet channel or nozzle (24, 26, 30, 40) is adapted to direct inflowing gas therethrough into the lower area (12, 20?) of the chamber (16) approximately along an inner wall of the chamber about an at least approximately circular path following along the inner wall in the same rotational sense around the heat source and then is drawn upwardly by a draw of the upwardly flowing heated gases though the gas outlet opening (32).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Inventor: Andreas Ryser
  • Publication number: 20130157205
    Abstract: The invention relates mixer/flow distributors and their use, e.g., in regenerative reactors. The invention encompasses a process and apparatus for controlling oxidation, e.g., for thermally regenerating a reactor, such as a regenerative, reverse-flow reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.. - Law Technology
    Inventors: Frank HERSHKOWITZ, Jeffrey W. FREDERICK, Timothy M. HEALY, Ying LIU
  • Patent number: 8459985
    Abstract: A method for producing hot gas for operating a turbomachine fired with at least one combustion chamber includes premixing a fuel with a plurality of operating gases by introducing fuel into the plurality of operating gases in a mixing chamber disposed upstream of the combustion chamber using a burner arrangement, wherein the fuel includes at least one of a combustible gas and a H2-rich fuel; and introducing the premixed fuel into the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Alstom Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Richard Carroni, Bettina Paikert
  • Patent number: 8443740
    Abstract: A cyclonic incinerator includes a cylindrical outer burn chamber having a defining wall, a central axis, a first end, a second end, and a forced air opening extending through the wall between the first end and the second end. A forced air manifold is provided which is adapted to direct forced air into the forced air opening of the outer burn chamber to create a cyclonic air flow about the central axis of the outer burn chamber. A cylindrical inner burn chamber is concentrically disposed within the outer burn chamber. The inner burn chamber has a defining wall, a first end and a second end. The first end of the inner burn chamber has an exhaust gas opening. The second end of the inner burn chamber is in communication with the outer burn chamber. A gas inlet is positioned at the first end of the outer burn chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Maralto Environmental Technologies Ltd.
    Inventor: Marlin Romeo
  • Patent number: 8429914
    Abstract: A fuel injection system is provided for a gas turbine, comprising a mains airblast fuel injector having an annular shape, and inner and outer mains swirlers for swirling air past the mains airblast fuel injector. The inner and outer mains swirlers are concentric with the mains airblast fuel injector and are located radially inwardly and radially outwardly of the mains airblast fuel injector, respectively. The mains airblast fuel injector and the inner and outer mains swirlers are so arranged as to produce a fuel spray stream which expands from the mains airblast fuel injector and has a double flame front. The double flame front comprises flame fronts on both the radially inner and radially outer surfaces of the fuel spray stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Sara Gashi, Nickolaos Pilatis
  • Publication number: 20130095437
    Abstract: An oxy-fuel furnace and method of heating material in an oxy-fuel furnace are disclosed. The method includes combusting oxygen and fuel with an oxy-fuel burner arrangement in the oxy-fuel furnace forming combustion gases, and maintaining a vortex including the combustion gases within a central region of an enclosure of the oxy-fuel furnace. The oxy-fuel burner arrangement includes a plurality of high momentum oxy-fuel burners arranged at an angle to generate the vortex, the angle being greater than 15 degrees but less than 75 degrees with respect to a furnace wall boundary of the enclosure, an angular velocity of greater than 0.07 radians per second, or a combination thereof. The furnace includes an oxy-fuel burner arrangement including at least two high momentum oxy-fuel burners having high shape factor nozzle geometries, and an enclosure. The vortex increases convective heating within the enclosure and uniformity of heating within the enclosure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Applicant: AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Gregory J. Buragino, Shailesh Pradeep Gangoli, Xiaoyi He, Aleksandar Georgi Slavejkov
  • Patent number: 8419420
    Abstract: A burner includes a first fuel feed and a first oxidant feed surrounding the first fuel feed in the shape of a ring. The burner includes a second fuel feed arranged about the first oxidant feed in the shape of a ring, and a second oxidant feed arranged about the second fuel feed in the shape of a ring. In addition, a plurality of oxygen lances are provided, which have a smaller radial distance from the burner centre than the second fuel feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Linde Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Thomas Niehoff
  • Publication number: 20130089823
    Abstract: A combustor includes a combustion chamber and at least one group of at least two burner jets disposed circumferentially about the combustor. The at least two burner jets within a group are generally coplanar and are spaced about equal distances circumferentially. Each of the at least two burner jets within a group is oriented to direct a flow of a fluid at a corresponding tangential point of an associated imaginary circle within the combustion chamber to induce a generally cyclonic flow pattern within the combustion chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventor: Wei Chen
  • Patent number: 8414289
    Abstract: A whirlwind-type oxidation combustion apparatus for processing semiconductor fabrication exhaust gas is disclosed. An inlet head is set on the top of an exhaust gas processing tank. An exhaust gas passage is set inside the inlet head and connected to an external exhaust gas supply terminal and the exhaust gas processing tank, for guiding the exhaust gas into the exhaust gas processing tank. An ignition chamber is formed between two partitions outside the exhaust gas passage. The two partitions have multiple inclined holes interconnecting an external combustion gas supply terminal, the ignition chamber, and the exhaust gas processing tank. The inclined holes guide a combustion gas to swirl into the exhaust gas processing tank through the ignition chamber. An igniter in the ignition chamber ignites the combustion gas to form a vortex flame which burns the exhaust gas. The exhaust gas is further caused to swirl onto a water screen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Orient Service Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Wu Liang Feng
  • Patent number: 8402768
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a burner for a combustion chamber of a gas turbine, with an injection device for the introduction of at least one gaseous and/or liquid fuel into the burner, wherein the injection device has at least one body which is arranged in the burner with at least one nozzle for introducing the at least one fuel into the burner, the at least one body being configured as a streamlined body which has a streamlined cross-sectional profile and which extends with a longitudinal direction perpendicularly or at an inclination to a main flow direction prevailing in the burner. The at least one nozzle has its outlet orifice at or in a trailing edge of the streamlined body, and with reference to a central plane of the streamlined body, the trailing edge is provided with at least two lobes extending in opposite transverse directions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Alstom Technology Ltd.
    Inventors: Khawar Syed, Madhavan Poyyapakkam, Anton Winkler, Andre Theuer
  • Patent number: 8382468
    Abstract: Method for combusting a solid phase fuel, where the fuel is caused, by the help of a non-pneumatic feeding element (11), to be fed to an inlet opening (11a) in a burner device (10) having a first inlet (13a) for the oxidant through which an oxidant is caused to flow via a first supply conduit (13). The first inlet (13a) for oxidant is caused to be arranged in the form of an opening surrounding the inlet opening (11a), in that the oxidant is caused to flow out through the opening (13a) with a velocity of at least 100 m/s, through a burner pipe (16) and out through a burner orifice (17) to a combustion space (18), so that the oxidant by ejector action causes the fuel to be conveyed through the burner pipe (16) and out through the burner orifice (17).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: AGA AB
    Inventor: Tomas Ekman
  • Patent number: 8375722
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for inducing waves within a container arranged to permit a through-flow of fluid flowing generally from an inlet of the container to an exit of the container, wherein the container has wave inducing means located at the exit of the container, the wave inducing means being operable to vary the area of the exit thereby inducing waves within the container. The apparatus may form part of a combustor test rig.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce plc
    Inventors: Nickolaos Pilatis, Arthur L Rowe