Establishing Or Maintaining Composition Of Atmosphere Bathing Work Patents (Class 432/23)
  • Patent number: 11266139
    Abstract: An oven for elimination of harmful organisms which pose phytosanitary risks and are present in material of plant origin in the form of particles is provided. The oven includes: (a) first and second circular plates mounted in rotation about an axis Z, the surface of said plates being perforated and permeable to air and water, (b) a means for transferring the collected particles from the first plate to the second plate, and (c) a gas-blowing means forming a closed gas cycle. The gas-blowing means includes a blower for accelerating a flow of gas and directing it towards a heating station in order to heat the gas and directing it parallel to the axis Z towards the first plate, passing through the perforated surface of the first plate, then directly afterwards through the perforated surface of the second plate, in order to return to the blower and recommence the gas cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2022
    Inventor: Léon Crosset
  • Patent number: 10131576
    Abstract: There is provided a method for operating a cement plant capable of simultaneously optimizing both combustion in a calciner and a heat consumption rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takuya Komatsu, Yoshinori Takayama
  • Patent number: 9970710
    Abstract: Contemplated devices and methods reduce heat loss and energy demand of a carbon baking ring furnace by employing a preferably internal bypass conduit that feeds a portion of a heated cooling air stream from the cooling zone directly to the flue ducts of the firing and/or pre-heat zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: Fluor Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Mike McGee, Tom Haines, Kenneth Meyer, Steve Hillock
  • Patent number: 9657740
    Abstract: The invention relates to a powder supplying device for a powder coating installation with at least one powder container, which has a powder chamber for coating powder, and with at least one powder injector, which is connected or can be connected to a powder discharge channel opening out via a powder discharge opening in the powder chamber, in order to suck coating powder out of the powder chamber in the powder coating operation of the powder coating installation with the aid of conveying compressed air fed by the powder injector. In order to make it possible for the powder to be changed quickly in an easy manner, it is provided according to the invention that the powder discharge channel has a reduced length of at most 300 mm, preferably a length of 160 mm to 240 mm and more preferably a length of 200 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: GEMA SWITZERLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Felix Mauchle, Norbert Honegger, Mark Steinemann, Hanspeter Michael
  • Publication number: 20150147709
    Abstract: A work is subjected to a heat treatment in a heat-treating furnace. First, the work is carried into the heat-treating furnace. The work in the heat-treating furnace is immersed in a heat source solvent. In the heat-treating furnace, a superheated steam atmosphere is formed. The work is exposed in the heat-treating furnace under the superheated steam atmosphere. Then, the work is carried out of the heat-treating furnace.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Keisuke Isomura, Shinya Mizuno, Noriyuki Ueno, Takehito Kobayashi
  • Publication number: 20150110705
    Abstract: Provided is a carbon-fiber-precursor acrylic fiber bundle which can smoothly pass through a flame-resistance impartation step and a carbonization step. The carbon-fiber-precursor acrylic fiber bundle has a high-density part as a portion thereof, wherein the high-density part satisfies the following requirements (A) and (B). Requirement A: The high-density part has a maximum fiber density ?max of 1.33 g/cm3 or higher. Requirement B: The portion extending between an intermediate-density point and a maximum-density-region arrival point has an increase in fiber density of 1.3×10?2 g/cm3 or less per 10 mm of the fiber bundle length. The term “intermediate-density point” means the site which has a density ?m that is intermediate between the fiber density ?o of the non-high-density part and the maximum fiber density ?max. The term “maximum-density-region arrival point” means the site Pr at which the increase in fiber density per 10 mm of the fiber bundle length becomes 1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI RAYON CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tadanobu Ikeda, Tadao Samejima, Youji Hatanaka, Tetsu Yasunami
  • Publication number: 20150083707
    Abstract: A method or process of fabricating a solder cartridge and solder cartridge made according to the process is disclosed. The solder cartridge made according to the process provides a self-temperature regulating solder tip for an inductive current soldering station having improved heater quality and stability with reduced manufacturing costs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: Hakko Corporation
    Inventors: Mitsuhiko Miyazaki, Hisao Nemoto
  • Publication number: 20150072297
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for heating an industrial furnace, wherein, apart from heating gas, a combustible process gas is also fed to a burner arrangement (9) of the industrial furnace for heating an interior space in the course of a heat treatment cycle. In order to optimize the use of the combustible process gas for the heating of the industrial furnace, the heat treatment cycle is split up into a plurality of process phases, wherein the supply of the process gas to the burner arrangement (9) is regulated depending on the process phase. Furthermore, the invention relates to a heating device (8) for an industrial furnace, as well as an industrial furnace that includes the heating device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Rolf Sarres, Marc Angenendt
  • Publication number: 20150060434
    Abstract: Provided is a chamber apparatus which includes a chamber, in a part of which an internal space capable of accommodating a substrate therein is formed, a heating portion which heats the substrate disposed in the internal space, and a temperature adjustment portion which adjusts the temperature of a part of the chamber, which is in contact with the internal space.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Tsutomu Sahoda, Yoshiaki Masu, Hidenori Miyamoto, Yubun Kikuchi
  • Publication number: 20150050610
    Abstract: A sintering furnace with a first zone, in particular a burn-off zone, and a second zone, in particular a sintering zone, and also a transitional zone arranged between the first zone and the second zone. The sintering furnace has at least one transporting mechanism for transporting bodies to be sintered on a transporting area. With this transporting mechanism, the bodies to be sintered can be transported from the first zone and through the transitional zone to the second zone. The sintering furnace also has at least one gas removal device with at least one gas removal device opening. Here, the gas removal device opening is at least partially arranged in the region of the transitional zone. Furthermore, a method by access of which gases can be removed from a sintering furnace is claimed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Eberhard Ernst, Rene Albert, Thomas Schupp
  • Publication number: 20150034829
    Abstract: A radiation sensor may include a scintillator, a reflector, and a sensor. The scintillator may be capable of converting non-visible radiation into scintillation light. The reflector may be formed from material of outside surfaces of the scintillator, to reflect the scintillation light. The sensor may be positioned in proximity to the scintillator, to detect the scintillation light from the scintillator. A method of manufacturing a scintillator with an intrinsic reflector may include heating the scintillator in an oxygen-deficient environment at a first temperature for a first predetermined time period, and optionally annealing the scintillator in an oxygenated environment at a second temperature for a second predetermined time period.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Merry Koschan, Mohit Tyagi
  • Publication number: 20150017594
    Abstract: A burner apparatus (10) for a process heating system (400) includes a combustion air damper (48) to control the volume of air in the combustion chamber (98). Top (15), bottom (17), and sidewalls (14) of the chamber are of steel without refractory material lining while a fuel door (178) is steel with refractory material lining (186). A flue gas damper (34) selectively allows or disallows flue gas out of the chamber. A cooling jacket (18) of a steel sheeting surrounds and is narrowly spaced from the combustion chamber top, bottom, and sidewalls. The cooling jacket conducts air, transfers heat from the combustion chamber top, bottom, and sidewalls to thereby prevent overheating, and generates heated air. A turbulation device (38) combines flue gas and heated air into a turbulent air-gas mixture, completes combustion, and outputs a heated gas stream.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: David Wilson
  • Publication number: 20140322632
    Abstract: The present invention provides an electrode for electrochemistry with a high quality, in which the surface area of the polycrystalline conductive diamond layer is increased and the crystal plane is controlled. In addition, when the catalyst layer of electrode substance is coated on the polycrystalline conductive diamond layer, adherence between the two layers is increased to provide an electrode for electrochemistry with a high durability. The polycrystalline conductive diamond layer is held under an atmosphere of carbon dioxide at a temperature 400 degrees Celsius or higher but 1000 degrees Celsius or lower to make the polycrystalline conductive diamond layer porous and make a specific crystal plane to remain and be formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Permelec Electrode Ltd.
    Inventors: Wataru Sugimoto, Junfeng Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140255859
    Abstract: In order to improve an enveloping gas device for transporting at least one enveloping gas that is allocated to at least one burner head or at least one nozzle of a device for working or processing at least one component or workpiece by autogenous processes, so that a reduction of the contaminant concentration, particularly the concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOX) and other harmful compounds is achieved, it is suggested, a flame issuing from the burner head or nozzle and directed towards the component or workpiece is completely enclosed by the enveloping gas, and the concentration of contaminants contained in the waste gas from the device, particularly the concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOX), is reduced by the enveloping gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventor: Franz-Clemens Plebuch
  • Patent number: 8734632
    Abstract: Apparatus and operating methods are provided for controlled atmosphere furnace systems. In one possible embodiment, hydrogen is injected from a hydrogen source to an enclosure. The hydrogen is circulated within the enclosure from a gas inlet to a gas outlet. A temperature is raised within the enclosure to a predetermined threshold. Hydrogen is pumped from the gas outlet to the gas inlet with an electrochemical hydrogen pump. The electrochemical hydrogen pump has a first electrode in fluid communication with the gas outlet, and a second electrode in fluid communication with the gas inlet. An electrical potential is provided between the first and second electrodes, wherein the first electrode has a higher electrical potential with respect to zero than the second electrode. Various methods, features and system configurations are discussed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: H2 Pump, LLC
    Inventor: Glenn A. Eisman
  • Publication number: 20140134556
    Abstract: Apparatus and operating methods are provided for controlled atmosphere furnace systems. In one possible embodiment, hydrogen is injected from a hydrogen source to an enclosure. The hydrogen is circulated within the enclosure from a gas inlet to a gas outlet. A temperature is raised within the enclosure to a predetermined threshold. Hydrogen is pumped from the gas outlet to the gas inlet with an electrochemical hydrogen pump. The electrochemical hydrogen pump has a first electrode in fluid communication with the gas outlet, and a second electrode in fluid communication with the gas inlet. An electrical potential is provided between the first and second electrodes, wherein the first electrode has a higher electrical potential with respect to zero than the second electrode. Various methods, features and system configurations are discussed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2014
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: H2 Pump, LLC
    Inventor: Glenn A. Eisman
  • Publication number: 20140134555
    Abstract: Rotary furnaces and processes for heat treating a workpiece generally include an external shell wall and a refractory lining abutting the shell wall to define a substantially cylindrically shaped interior chamber for treating one or more workpieces; an opening in the an external shell wall and a refractory lining for loading and unloading the workpieces; a rotatable hearth for receiving and rotating the workpieces within the substantially cylindrically shaped interior chamber; and a plurality of thermal isolation walls, wherein adjacent thermal isolation walls define a space effective to accommodate and thermally shield each one of the workpieces to be treated and have a height at least equal to a height of the workpiece. The presence of the thermal isolation walls substantially prevents heat transfer between the workpieces being treated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: FIRTH RIXSON
    Inventors: David Hebert, Matthew J. Villani
  • Patent number: 8663448
    Abstract: Apparatus and operating methods are provided for controlled atmosphere furnace systems. In one possible embodiment, hydrogen is injected from a hydrogen source to an enclosure. The hydrogen is circulated within the enclosure from a gas inlet to a gas outlet. A temperature is raised within the enclosure to a predetermined threshold. Hydrogen is pumped from the gas outlet to the gas inlet with an electrochemical hydrogen pump. The electrochemical hydrogen pump has a first electrode in fluid communication with the gas outlet, and a second electrode in fluid communication with the gas inlet. An electrical potential is provided between the first and second electrodes, wherein the first electrode has a higher electrical potential with respect to zero than the second electrode. Various methods, features and system configurations are discussed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: H2 Pump, LLC
    Inventor: Glenn A Eisman
  • Publication number: 20140041227
    Abstract: A tube assembly for use in a heat exchanger is made by arranging a first corrugated fin structure between one broad, flat side of a tube and a side sheet, and arranging a second corrugated fin between another broad and flat side of a tube and another side sheet. Compressive forces are applied to the opposite faces of the side sheets to place crests and troughs of the corrugated fin structures into contact with the side sheets and the broad, flat sides, and the assembly is brazed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Inventors: Eric Lindell, Girish Mantri, Gregory Hughes, Paul Topitzes
  • Publication number: 20140020729
    Abstract: A thermoelectric conversion element includes a p-type metal thermoelectric conversion material containing a metal as its main constituent, an n-type oxide thermoelectric conversion material containing an oxide as its main constituent, and a composite oxide insulating material containing a composite oxide as its main constituent. The p-type metal thermoelectric conversion material and the n-type oxide thermoelectric conversion material are directly bonded in a region of a junction plane between the p-type metal thermoelectric conversion material and the n-type oxide thermoelectric conversion material, and the p-type metal thermoelectric conversion material and the n-type oxide thermoelectric conversion material are bonded to each other with the composite oxide insulating material interposed therebetween so as to define a pn conjunction pair in the other region of the junction plane. A perovskite-type oxide is used as the n-type oxide thermoelectric conversion material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2013
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Applicant: MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
  • Publication number: 20140004473
    Abstract: A method of calcining an electrode material using a rotary kiln comprising a heat treatment section which has a cylindrical kiln shell, a supply section for introducing a process material into the kiln shell, and a discharge section for discharging the process material from the kiln shell, wherein the method comprises: introducing particles of the electrode material into the upper part of the kiln shell; flowing a positive pressure gas through the inside of the kiln shell and calcining the electrode material particles while moving them from the upper part to the lower part of the kiln shell; and discharging the electrode material particles from the lower part of the kiln shell.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: Hanwha Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Kyu Ho Song, Kee Do Han, Young Ho Shin
  • Publication number: 20140001397
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a metal-polymer complex film for an inductor and a method for manufacturing an inductor, the inductor being manufactured by using the metal-polymer complex film for an inductor, including: a metal powder; and an amorphous epoxy resin, wherein the metal-polymer complex film is made in a film type by using a mixture where a weight ratio of the metal powder is 75˜98 wt %, so that a plurality of inductors can be simultaneously manufactured to thereby improve production efficiency and characteristic values of the inductor can be also improved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventors: Moon Soo PARK, Ic Seob KIM, Hwan Soo LEE, Dong Hyeok CHOI, Hye Yeon CHA
  • Publication number: 20130319946
    Abstract: Bi-metal nanoadsorbents and methods for their preparation and use are provided. Methods of using bi-metal nanoadsorbents to remove contaminants from samples, such as water, are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KANPUR
    Inventors: Ashutosh SHARMA, Nishith VERMA, Ajit Kumar SHARMA
  • Publication number: 20130295811
    Abstract: Provided are: a carbon fiber bundle which has a large value of single-fiber fineness and excellent productivity and which, despite this, contains few interlaced single fibers therein and has excellent spreadability; and precursor fibers which are suitable for use in producing the carbon fiber bundle. The precursor fibers are a carbon-fiber-precursor acrylic fiber bundle which comprises a polyacrylonitrile copolymer comprising 95-99 mol % acrylonitrile units and 1-5 mol % hydroxyalkyl (meth)acrylate units and which has a single-fiber fineness of 1.5-5.0 dtex. In the acrylic fiber bundle, the cross-section of each single fiber which is perpendicular to the fiber axis has a shape that has a roundness of 0.9 or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI RAYON CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yuusuke Shinmen, Norifumi Hirota, Atsushi Nakajima, Naoki Aoyama, Naomasa Matsuyama, Takeshi Nii, Akiyoshi Kogame, Yasuyuki Fujii, Yoshiko Irie, Harumi Matsuda, Takayuki Kiriyama, Teppei Miura, Takuya Teranishi, Shouhei Mori, Manabu Kaneko, Kiharu Numata, Masahiro Ichino, Shigekazu Takeda, Takayuki Kobayashi, Toshiyuki Itou, Masahiro Hata, Hiroyuki Nakao, Kenichi Watanabe
  • Publication number: 20130266801
    Abstract: A thermal insulator with both excellent heat insulation and strength and a method of manufacturing the thermal insulator are provided. A thermal insulator according to the present invention includes metal oxide fine particles with an average particle diameter equal to or smaller than 50 nm and a reinforcing fiber, wherein the thermal insulator has a bridge structure between the metal oxide fine particles which is formed by elution of part of the metal oxide fine particles. A method of manufacturing a thermal insulator according to the present invention includes a curing step of curing a dry pressed compact including metal oxide fine particles with an average particle diameter equal to or smaller than 50 nm and a reinforcing fiber under a pressurized vapor saturated atmosphere at a temperature equal to or higher than 100° C. for four hours and a drying step of drying the cured dry pressed compact.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2011
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: NICHIAS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akifumi Sakamoto, Yoshihiko Goto, Yasuo Ito, Ken Maeda
  • Publication number: 20130240033
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing a counter electrode based on electrophoretic deposition of graphene. The method includes: adding graphene to a dispersion medium to prepare a graphene dispersion; dipping a transparent electrode in the graphene dispersion and applying a voltage to the transparent electrode for 5 seconds to 5 minutes to deposit the graphene on the transparent electrode; and annealing the graphene-adsorbed transparent electrode at 350 to 600° C. under a nitrogen atmosphere. Also disclosed are a counter electrode produced by the method and a dye-sensitized solar cell including the counter electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2011
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: INJE UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERATION FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Min-Hyon Jeon, Hyon-Kwang Choi, Sook-Hyun Hwang, Hyun-Kook Kim
  • Publication number: 20130224627
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a novel scandium-doped Ba(Ce, Zr, Y)O3-? electrolyte for solid oxide fuel cells that exhibits elevated ion conductivity at intermediate temperature range comparing to other electrolyte materials, such as BZCYYb.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicants: Georgia Tech Research Corporation, Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Mingfei LIU, Meilin LIU, Ting HE
  • Publication number: 20130216821
    Abstract: A ceramic article having a ceramic substrate and a ceramic coating with an initial porosity and an initial amount of cracking is provided. The ceramic article is heated to a temperature range between about 1000° C. and about 1800° C. at a ramping rate of about 0.1° C. per minute to about 20° C. per minute. The ceramic article is heat treated at one or more temperatures within the temperature range for a duration of up to about 24 hours. The ceramic article is then cooled at the ramping rate, wherein after the heat treatment the ceramic coating has a reduced porosity and a reduced amount of cracking.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventor: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
  • Publication number: 20130216783
    Abstract: A machined ceramic article having an initial surface defect density and an initial surface roughness is provided. The machined ceramic article is heated to a temperature range between about 1000° C. and about 1800° C. at a ramping rate of about 0.1° C. per minute to about 20° C. per minute. The machined ceramic article is heat-treated in air atmosphere. The machined ceramic article is heat treated at one or more temperatures within the temperature range for a duration of up to about 24 hours. The machined ceramic article is then cooled at the ramping rate, wherein after the heat treatment the machined ceramic article has a reduced surface defect density and a reduced surface roughness.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventor: Applied Materials, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130164700
    Abstract: A sintering method for a tantalum capacitor anode block, characterized in that: inserting a tantalum anode block molded from a tantalum powder mixed with an adhesive into a drying oven injected with a degreasing solvent; conducting hermetically low temperature solvent catalytic wet dewaxing; conducting vacuum drying; and conducting vacuum sintering. The tantalum anode block is obtain by the present invention has high specific surface area and high porosity, so the specific capacity is high, current leakage is small, and the carbon content and oxygen content is reduced to 0.005%˜0.010% and 0.18%˜0.65%, respectively.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: June 27, 2013
    Applicant: Taike Technology (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Taike Technology (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.
  • Publication number: 20130122393
    Abstract: In some examples, a fuel cell comprising a first electrochemical cell including a first anode and a first cathode; a second electrochemical cell including a second anode and a second cathode; an interconnect configured to conduct a flow of electrons from the first anode to the second cathode; and a chemical barrier. The chemical barrier may be configured to prevent or reduce material migration between the interconnect and at least one component (e.g., an anode) in electrical communication with the interconnect, where the chemical barrier includes doped strontium titanate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Applicant: LG Fuel Cell Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: LG Fuel Cell Systems, Inc.
  • Publication number: 20130029279
    Abstract: A dental oven comprising a firing chamber for the heat treatment of dental restoration parts. The firing chamber is connected to a negative pressure source via a suction line. A valve arrangement is located between the firing chamber and the suction line with the aid of which the suction line is closable towards the firing chamber in order to maintain a negative pressure in the firing chamber. The suction line between the valve arrangement and the negative pressure source is ventilatable via an ambient air connection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Applicant: IVOCLAR VIVADENT AG
    Inventor: Rudolf Jussel
  • Publication number: 20120276494
    Abstract: In order to increase energy efficiency in an industrial furnace (1) operated by heating gas and protective gas for thermally treating materials, a first burner (3.1) is actuated for heating with priority over a second burner (3.2), the second burner (3.2) is engaged additionally and operated when the output from the first burner (3.1) falls below the level necessary to heat the industrial furnace (1) up to a temperature setpoint, and the second burner (3.2) is switched off when the temperature setpoint has been reached.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Inventors: Rolf Sarres, Wilhelm van de Kamp
  • Publication number: 20120264072
    Abstract: An apparatus for performing reactive thermal treatment of thin film photovoltaic devices includes a furnace having a tubular body surrounded by heaters and cooling devices. The apparatus includes cooled doors at ends of the furnace separated from a central portion of the furnace by baffles. The cooled doors facilitate increased convection within the furnace and improve temperature uniformity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2012
    Publication date: October 18, 2012
    Applicant: Stion Corporation
    Inventor: Ashish Tandon
  • Patent number: 8246757
    Abstract: Pyrolysis methods for disassociating an organic mass, or coating from an article, by placing the article in an air tight processing chamber, circulating a gaseous mixture of ambient air and at least 40% water vapor from an opening, through the processing chamber and out of an exhaust port, and maintaining the processing chamber at a temperature above 650 degrees Fahrenheit for a sufficient time to disassociate the organic material. A batch oven and a continuous processing oven including entrance and exit air closures that utilize the pyrolysis methods are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2012
    Inventor: William C. Nowack
  • Publication number: 20120174406
    Abstract: In a method of making a component for a motor vehicle, a metal part in the form of a plate, semifinished product, or a formed part, is heated in a fluidized bed of a fluidized bed furnace. The fluidized bed is being fluidized by a fluid, e.g. gas. Subsequently; the metal part is subjected to a forming, hardening or aging process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2011
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: Benteler Automobiltechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Tröster, Thorsten Marten, Stefan Adelbert, Otto Buschsieweke
  • Publication number: 20110300418
    Abstract: A lithium secondary battery including lithium molybdate. The lithium molybdate is a composite including amorphous lithium molybdate as a minor component and crystalline lithium molybdate as a major component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Inventors: Young-Ki Kim, Young-Hun Lee, Ick-Kyu Choi, Yong-Chul Park, Yoon-Chang Kim, Hyun-Deok Lee, Yong-Chan You
  • Publication number: 20110292962
    Abstract: An electric induction gas-sealed tunnel furnace and process are provided. The exterior of the furnace's enclosure that forms a closed tunnel region is surrounded at least along its longitudinal length by a gas-tight barrier chamber that can be filled with a barrier gas to a different pressure than the pressure of the process gas in the closed tunnel region of the furnace. The inductors used to induction heat strips or plates in the closed tunnel region can be positioned within or outside of the gas-tight barrier chamber around the longitudinal length of the closed tunnel region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Inventors: Jean LOVENS, Michel FONTAINE
  • Publication number: 20110256468
    Abstract: The invention provides an electrode catalyst material in which a resistance loss is reduced by enhancing an electric conductivity as a whole of an electrode catalyst as well as suppressing a corrosion and a disappearance by a catalyst metal in a conductive catalyst support so as to prevent a dropout and an aggregation of a catalyst metal particle, and a method of manufacturing the same. The electrode catalyst material in accordance with the present invention is an electrode catalyst material for a fuel cell having a catalyst metal particle and a carbon support supporting the catalyst metal particle, in which a carbon support protection layer including a metal element is formed in a coating manner on a surface of the carbon support, a silicone is included at 20 atomic % or more in the metal element contained in the carbon support protection layer, and the silicone exists in a state of an oxide and a carbide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Inventors: Shuichi SUZUKI, Jun Kawaji, Yoshiyuki Takamori, Makoto Morishima
  • Publication number: 20110236767
    Abstract: Disclosed are a negative electrode for lithium secondary batteries, containing an active material (A) capable of absorbing/desorbing lithium ions and a binder (B), wherein the active material (A) is a carbon-based material obtained from at least one starting material selected from a group consisting of petroleum cokes and coal cokes and having a mean particle size of from 1 to 30 and a true density of from 1.90 to 2.00 g/cm3 and its use; and a method for producing a carbon-based negative electrode active material having a mean particle size of from 1 to 30 ?m and a true density of from 1.90 to 2.00 g/cm3, the method comprising (a) a step of grinding at least one selected from a group consisting of petroleum cokes and coal cokes, (b) a step of controlling the particle size, and (c) a step of heat-treating in an inert gas atmosphere at 900 to 1900° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2008
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Applicant: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventors: Chiaki Sotowa, Akinori Sudoh, Masataka Takeuchi
  • Publication number: 20110223510
    Abstract: A method for producing an interconnector for high temperature fuel cells, an associated high temperature fuel cell and a fuel cell system are provided. A precisely defined sealing area made of material with good electro-conductive properties is introduced as an interconnector into a metallic porous carrier of a high temperature fuel cell. The material is applied to the carrier in a precisely defined manner and infiltrates into a sintered composite of the carrier material by heat treatment. An interconnector is produced in the fuel cell, wherein the fuel cells are interconnected via the interconnector. Such a fuel cell has a working temperature of between 500 and 700° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2009
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Inventors: Horst Greiner, Alessandro Zampiero
  • Publication number: 20110206993
    Abstract: A composite electrode for an electricity storage device of the present invention includes: a substrate; a whisker or a fiber which is made of at least one of a metal and a metal compound and is formed on the substrate; and a coating layer which contains an active material and is formed on at least a part of a surface of the whisker or the fiber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Publication date: August 25, 2011
    Inventors: Yoshiko Tsukada, Mori Nagayama, Nobutaka Chiba, Masashi Ishikawa
  • Publication number: 20110177430
    Abstract: A titanium material for a solid polymer fuel cell separator having a low contact resistance and a method of production of the same, the titanium material having at its surface a surface layer structure in which particles of a Ti compound containing either C or N are dispersed, the particles of Ti compound being covered by titanium oxide and/or metal Ti, characterized in that, when analyzed from the surface by XPS, a Ti2p spectrum of TiO2 is detected, further, at a Ti2p spectral energy range of TiO and/or a Ti2p spectral energy range of metal Ti, a Ti maximum detection peak height is at least 3 times the standard deviations of the background at the respective spectral energy ranges, and at a C1s spectral energy range and N1s spectral energy range, a maximum detection peak height is less than 3 times the standard deviations of the background at the respective spectral energy ranges of C1s and N1s, are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2009
    Publication date: July 21, 2011
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Takahashi, Kiyonori Tokuno, Hiroshi Kihira, Koki Tanaka, Michio Kaneko
  • Publication number: 20110135982
    Abstract: A negative electrode, whose tensile strength is 15 N/cm or lower when the percentage elongation in the longitudinal direction is 1%, is used in a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery including: a flat electrode group 10 including a positive electrode, the negative electrode and a separator; and a non-aqueous electrolyte, which are housed in a prismatic battery case.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2010
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Muraoka, Masaya Ugaji, Shinji Kasamatsu
  • Publication number: 20110072647
    Abstract: Batteries and related compositions and methods are disclosed. In some embodiments, a method of making a battery can include heating at least one cathode including a cathode material in an atmosphere including oxygen, heating the cathode in a vacuum, adding the cathode into a housing, adding a separator into the housing, and adding an anode into the housing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2010
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Inventors: Nikolai N. Issaev, Michael Pozin
  • Publication number: 20110053049
    Abstract: The invention provides processes for producing fuel cell catalysts that are not corroded in acidic electrolytes or at high potential and have excellent durability and high oxygen reducing ability. The process for producing fuel cell catalysts includes a step (I) of heating a carbonitride of a transition metal in an inert gas containing oxygen, and a step (II) of heating the product from the step (I) in an inert gas that does not substantially contain oxygen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2009
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Applicant: SHOWA DENKO K.K.
    Inventors: Takuya Imai, Ryuji Monden, Toshikazu Shishikura
  • Publication number: 20100310956
    Abstract: A distribution plate for a fuel cell, comprising a first plate (11) made of electrically conductive material having an inner face and having an outer face (11o) adapted to cooperate with an ion-exchange membrane, the outer face (11o) comprising a network of distribution channels (111) for a first gas, the distribution plate having a second plate (12) made of electrically conductive material having an outer face and having an inner face (12i) adapted to be applied against the inner face of the first plate (11), a network of channels (122) for the circulation of a coolant being provided on the inner face either of the first plate (11) or (12i) of the second plate (12), or on both, the plates being joined by a uniform layer of an electrically conductive link material (2) covering the inner face of each of the first and second plates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2007
    Publication date: December 9, 2010
    Applicant: Michelin Recherche er Technique S.A.
    Inventors: David Olsommer, Richard Herault
  • Publication number: 20100304523
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to a method of activating an indium tin oxide (ITO) thin film deposited, directly or indirectly, on a substrate. The ITO thin film is baked in a low oxygen environment at a temperature of at least 450 degrees C. for at least 10 minutes so as to provide for (1) a post-baked resistivity of the ITO thin film that is below a resistivity of a corresponding air-baked ITO thin film, (2) a post-baked visible spectrum absorption and transmission of the ITO thin film that respectively are below and above the absorption and transmission of the corresponding air-baked ITO thin film, and (3) a post-baked infrared reflectivity of the ITO thin film that is above the reflectivity of the corresponding air-baked ITO thin film. The substrate with the activated ITO thin film may be used in a photovoltaic device, for example.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2009
    Publication date: December 2, 2010
    Applicant: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: David M. Broadway, Yiwei Lu
  • Publication number: 20100151399
    Abstract: In order to improve an enveloping gas device (20) for transporting at least one enveloping gas (H) that is allocated to at least one burner head or at least one nozzle (10) of a device (100) for working or processing at least one component or workpiece (B) by autogenous processes, so that a reduction of the contaminant concentration, particularly the concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and other harmful compounds is achieved, it is suggested, a flame (F) issuing from the burner head or nozzle (10) and directed towards the component or workpiece (B) is enclosed by the enveloping gas (H), and the concentration of contaminants contained in the waste gas from the device (100), particularly the concentration of nitrogen oxides (NOx), is reduced by the enveloping gas. The present invention further relates to a corresponding method associated with the enveloping gas device (20) for working or processing at least one component or workpiece (B) with autogenous processes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2008
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Inventor: Franz-Clemens Plebuch
  • Publication number: 20100087014
    Abstract: Provided is a heat treatment apparatus including a treatment chamber housing a silicon substrate, a heater being provided in the treatment chamber and heating the silicon substrate, and an atmosphere adjustment mechanism reducing a concentration of oxygen contained in an atmosphere inside the treatment chamber to less than an oxygen concentration in the air. The atmosphere adjustment mechanism is provided with an oxygen trap, for example.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2009
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Applicant: FUJITSU MICROELECTRONICS LIMITED
    Inventor: Kouichi Nagai