Detection Or Range Determination Of Distant Object By Apparatus Using Sensor Of Electromagnetic Or Sound Energy Patents (Class 434/1)
  • Patent number: 9700798
    Abstract: The present invention provides systems for and methods of playing a video game that includes providing a game character having a virtual appearance characteristic, receiving an input signal indicative of a user exercise performance level, and altering the virtual appearance characteristic in response to receiving the input signal. Numerous other aspects are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Inventor: Brian M. Dugan
  • Patent number: 9675875
    Abstract: The present invention provides systems, methods and apparatus for a wearable band adapted to be worn by a user. The wearable band may include one or more biometric sensors such as a pulse monitor adapted to monitor a pulse of the user, and a transmitter adapted to wirelessly transmit pulse information from the pulse monitor to a mobile device such as a cellular telephone or PDA. The wearable band does not include a display for the biometric information. Numerous additional embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: PEXS LLC
    Inventors: Brian M. Dugan, Steven M. Santisi, Jean Pierre Latrille
  • Patent number: 9405902
    Abstract: A host machine hosts virtual machines on a first logical layer, and a multi-tenant cloud computing environment on a second logical layer running on top of the first logical layer. An anti-malware provides an anti-malware service to virtual machines on the first logical layer. A tenant of the multi-tenant cloud computing environment may lease a virtual machine, and select the virtual machine for subscription to the anti-malware service. A second identifier of the selected virtual machine on the second logical layer is used to determine a first identifier of the selected virtual machine on the first logical layer. The selected virtual machine is identified to the anti-malware using the first identifier. The anti-malware provides anti-malware service to the selected virtual machine. An anti-malware broker may be employed to facilitate selection of the selected virtual machine, and to allow the anti-malware to identify virtual machines subscribed to the anti-malware service.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: Trend Micro Incorporated
    Inventor: Jijo M. Xavier
  • Patent number: 9275488
    Abstract: Systems and methods are disclosed for applying a controllable and predictable muscle oscillation to a portion of a body such as a character in a predetermined and intuitive way. Positions of separate muscle locations are analyzed throughout a timeline. A third derivative with respect to time of the positions of the separate muscles is calculated to measure a change of acceleration for a particular point of interest. The change in the acceleration gives positive or negative changes in the applied forces. The direction and magnitude of the applied forces is passed onto a part of a solution that creates a procedural oscillation based on the magnitude and the direction of the applied forces in the muscle space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignees: SONY CORPORATION, SONY PICTURES TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventor: Daniel Paul Sheerin
  • Patent number: 8655257
    Abstract: A moving, shooting, video recording, human-appearing combat training machine comprising of three major components referred to as the mobile base unit, the target body and an unattached control system is provided. The base unit has a chassis plate driven by a plurality of motors and a plurality of wheel assemblies within an exterior armor which protects internal components of the chassis from projectile impacts. The target body mounts to an extension plate affixed to the underside of the chassis plate of the base unit, creating an overall human appearing subject that moves in varying directions. The combat training machine returns fire by shooting projectiles while recording video with an electronic or mechanical sighting system for target and video playback for training analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Inventor: Daniel Spychaiski
  • Patent number: 8427363
    Abstract: In one aspect, a method includes tagging a track as a live track if a tagging statistic is greater than a tagging statistic threshold and tagging the track as a virtual track if the tagging statistic is less than the tagging statistic threshold. In another aspect, an article includes a machine-readable medium that stores executable instructions to determine whether a track is a live track or a virtual track. The instructions causing a machine to tag a track as a live track if a tagging statistic is greater than a tagging statistic threshold and tag the track as a virtual track if the tagging statistic is less than the tagging statistic threshold. In a further aspect, an apparatus includes circuitry to tag a track as a live track if a tagging statistic is greater than a tagging statistic threshold and tag the track as a virtual track if the tagging statistic is less than the tagging statistic threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Joel E. Lamendola, Maxim Raykin, Stanley J. Poreda
  • Patent number: 8242948
    Abstract: Methods and systems for generating a raster file in a raster file format for use in a Digital Radar Landmass Simulator (DRLMS). A file in the raster file format defines synthetic aperture radar (SAR) scenery for use in generating a runtime database. The raster file contains a plurality of texture elements (texels) that define the SAR scenery. Each texel may have a material identifier, which identifies a material composition of a respective surface region of the SAR scenery; a surface height identifier, which identifies a surface height with respect to a bare earth elevation (BEE) value of the respective surface region; and a BEE identifier, which identifies a BEE of the respective surface region. A method for determining surface height identifiers based on digital surface model (DSM) elevation data is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: John Burky, Sharon Shahan
  • Patent number: 8033928
    Abstract: The present invention relates to method and apparatus adapted for use with an assistive energy type golf club which is safe to use, inconspicuous, and able to release sufficient assistive energy at the optimum time during a golf swing to add prescribed incremental velocity to a golf ball.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2011
    Inventor: Donald R. Cage
  • Patent number: 7963859
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method that enables an assistive energy type golf club to sense the approach of the club face toward a golf ball, and to trigger the release of the assistive energy at the optimum time to achieve the desired golf ball velocity and distance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2011
    Inventor: Donald R. Cage
  • Patent number: 7949295
    Abstract: A method and system for performing automated training environment monitoring and evaluation. The training environment may include a mixed reality elements to enhance a training experience.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: SRI International
    Inventors: Rakesh Kumar, Aydin Arpa, Hui Cheng, Vincent Paragano, Keith J. Hanna
  • Patent number: 7878878
    Abstract: A Halloween novelty item used for entertainment consisting of a removable reservoir of fluid and a timed electromagnetic valve inside a head that is activated by a motion sensor whereby allowing fluid to expel intermittently out of orifices attached to a tongue when the Halloween novelty item is approached. The expelled fluid is caught by a bucket attached to a slide bracket which is attached to a body panel whereby allowing the bucket to be removable. An assembly attached to a bucket handle consisting of a pair of hooks attached to a pair of hands connected to a pair of flexible arms allows the assembly to detach from the bucket's handle. A stabilization board keeps the novelty item stable. Motion sensors facing different directions are attached to a voice recorder and a speaker allowing messages to play. A hinge and latches attached to the body allows the invention to condense.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Inventor: Darren S. Massaro
  • Patent number: 7731602
    Abstract: Apparatus and a method that enables an assistive energy type golf club to sense the approach of the club face toward a golf ball, and to trigger the release of the assistive energy at the optimum time to achieve the desired golf ball velocity and distance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Inventor: Donald R. Cage
  • Publication number: 20080153070
    Abstract: Provided are training methods and training systems that allow for spatially separated speech-in-noise and localization training. The methods and systems can provide spatial distinctness through the use of stimuli from multiple spatial locations. The methods and systems allow for training a student to segregate sound, localize, track sound, suppress information from one source to focus on another, and judge both movement and distance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2006
    Publication date: June 26, 2008
    Inventors: Richard S. Tyler, Camille Dunn, Shelley Witt, Wenjun Wang
  • Publication number: 20080050703
    Abstract: TIME OUT is a participant assisted system and process that can help participants learn to modify their inappropriate behavior in the classroom and/or in life. The educational, interactive computer program can guide the participant with pre-recorded or interactive verbal directions, videos and exercises in experiential learning. The system and process can have a Bio-feedback Check that measures the participant's level of stress at the beginning of the process and after the process has been completed that can measure the physiological change created by participating in the process. The particular exercise can be automatically chosen for them for the specific inappropriate behavior, specific age group and experience with the TIME OUT system and process. Each TIME OUT can be automatically saved in their TIME OUT Tool Kit. The system and process also can include off-site electronic or manual coaches that the participant accesses through the system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2006
    Publication date: February 28, 2008
    Applicant: Time Out, Inc.
    Inventor: Venu Katz
  • Publication number: 20080032267
    Abstract: A multimedia system and method provide self-improvement guidance in health, education, or safety. The user receives content material related to self-improvement, tracking of self-improvement behaviors, alerts to potential health dangers, and help information. A variety of games and puzzles guide and motivate the user through an educational process where the user's responses affect the sequencing of the testing. The user's interactions with the system are recorded and summarized.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 3, 2006
    Publication date: February 7, 2008
    Inventor: James W. Suzansky
  • Publication number: 20080004902
    Abstract: A method, system and device is disclosed for encouraging behavioral change in users. The method and system may utilize a tool which presents information and topics related to a health condition and illustrates the affects of behavior choices on the maintenance or progression of the health condition. When used with a facilitator, conversation questions, and exercises, the user may explore a health condition, learn what to expect as the condition progresses, and learn how to manage the condition such as mentally and physically.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2006
    Publication date: January 3, 2008
    Inventors: Andrew Leong-Fern, Peter Gorman, Paul Lasiuk
  • Publication number: 20080004901
    Abstract: A method, system and device is disclosed for encouraging behavioral change in users. The method and system may utilize a tool which presents information and topics related to a health condition and illustrates the affects of behavior choices on the maintenance or progression of the health condition. When used with a facilitator, conversation questions, and exercises, the user may explore a health condition, learn what to expect as the condition progresses, and learn how to manage the condition such as mentally and physically.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2006
    Publication date: January 3, 2008
    Inventors: Andrew Leong-Fern, Peter Gorman, Paul Lasiuk
  • Patent number: 6982649
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate to a floor display system with interactive features. The floor display system may be arranged in a public place, and be configured to display electronically modifiable arbitrary content, such as advertising or other informational content. The floor display system may be configured to detect an indication of the presence or activity of a person in the vicinity, and upon detecting the indication, perform a corresponding action in response, such as generating a predetermined display or audio output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Intellimats, LLC
    Inventors: Ronald D. Blum, J. Thomas Walker, Barry H. Whalen, Joseph A. Thibodeau, Bradley J. Blum, Dwight P. Duston, William Kokonaski
  • Patent number: 6982635
    Abstract: A control system is employed in a vehicle to assist a user to operate the vehicle effectively and safely. The system provides driving assistance to the user by taking into account the user's physical condition, the vehicle condition and the surrounding conditions. The surrounding conditions include, e.g., road, weather and traffic conditions, external to the vehicle. The vehicle condition concerns the conditions of the brakes, steering, tires, radiator, etc. of the vehicle. Signs of fatigue, stress and illness of the user are monitored by the control system to assess the user's physical condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: American Calcar Inc.
    Inventor: Michael L. Obradovich
  • Publication number: 20040197742
    Abstract: The current invention is an apparatus for and a method of producing a virtual reality effect of changing acceleration direction and magnitude by rotating a subject relative to a center axis to produce a centrifugal force, rotating the subject relative to a second axis perpendicular to centrifugal force and rotating the subject relative to a third axis perpendicular to the axis perpendicular to centrifugal force, and changing the magnitude of the centrifugal force. As a consequence the subject will perceive the acceleration upon his center of mass as changing in magnitude and angle. It is further enhanced by projecting a simulated image on a screen which is rotating in the same frame of reference as the subject.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2004
    Publication date: October 7, 2004
    Inventor: Richard H. Alsenz
  • Patent number: 6782238
    Abstract: A method for presenting media on an electronic device. A landmark is identified based on a landmark sensor of the electronic device. Media is selected based on the landmark. The media is presented on the electronic device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2004
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Bernard Burg, Craig Sayers
  • Publication number: 20030179132
    Abstract: A system 10 which is adapted to receive global positioning signals 14 from a satellite assembly 12 and which determines, displays, and selectively disseminates that error associated with the received signals to selected users at selected locations and at selected times. The system 10 also provides several other applications, including but not limited to the acquisition and selectively display of selective weather information, physical attributes of a facility, such as an airport, time distribution, collection and dissemination of user information as well as allowing one to simulate the performance of a global positioning acquisition and dissemination system. Such a simulation allows a user to dynamically specify the location and movement of signal generating satellites, the location of the various ground or reception stations, and to display certain other attributes or desired system characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2003
    Publication date: September 25, 2003
    Inventors: Robert Loh, Richard Cole, William Klepczynski
  • Publication number: 20030068602
    Abstract: The present invention concerns an electronic gaming system configured to provide for end-user control of an on-screen gaming character, the system comprising means for generating an on-screen graphical element comprising first and second markers which are arranged to move relative to one another during operation of the system, the arrangement being such that in operation when said first and second markers attain a pre-defined positional relationship relative to one another the on-screen gaming character is controllable to perform a pre-determined action.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2002
    Publication date: April 10, 2003
    Inventors: Francis Emmerson, Peter Birch, Richard Hatch
  • Publication number: 20020119427
    Abstract: A trusted computing environment 100, wherein each computing device 112 to 118 holds a policy specifying the degree to which it can trust the other devices in the environment 100. The policies are updated by an assessor 110 which receives reports from trusted components 120 in the computing devices 112 to 118 which identify the trustworthiness of the computing devices 112 to 118.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2002
    Publication date: August 29, 2002
    Applicant: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: Richard Brown, Siani Lynne Pearson, Christopher I. Dalton
  • Publication number: 20020106613
    Abstract: A management accounting method considers a time value for evaluating the result with the net earning adding a capital cost, by inputting the target ROE as a rate KE of a stockholder's equity to determine a weighted average cost of capital WACC, by using the WACC as a discount rate to calculate a net present value NPV of a cash flow, and by developing the adopted will decision content into a profit/loss statement. While some conventional investment analyzing methods have analyzed and evaluated an investment at the unit of a project by comparing and investigating the project plan by the DCF method, none of them have been able to make the will decision of the investment by comparing the investment with the actual profit/loss calculations of an enterprise thereby to analyze whether or not the investment would achieve a target ROE set as a management target.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2001
    Publication date: August 8, 2002
    Inventor: Shinzaburou Takada
  • Patent number: 6109614
    Abstract: A remote targeting apparatus and method comprising surrounding a projectile target with a sensor array, computing projectile impact data, transmitting the data receiving the data at a controller; and displaying information corresponding to the data. RF transmission/reception is performed, most preferably at a frequency of between approximately 902 and 928 MHz, with the controller having RF Faraday cage shielding and collision avoidance being employed to permit multiple sensor arrays to operate in a vicinity of one another. Projectile impact locations within twelve inches of the center of the projectile target are calculated to an average RMS accuracy of less than approximately fifty thousandths of an inch, directly in an orthogonal Cartesian coordinate system. Velocity is also determined via an additional sensor at a predetermined distance from the sensor array which measures a difference in time between the projectile passing the additional sensor and the sensor array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Tardis Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher A. Ciarcia
  • Patent number: 6064942
    Abstract: An enhanced precision forward observation system and method employs a satellite positioning system receiver, range finder, and a compass/inclinometer. The satellite positioning system receiver is used to calculate an observer's position and target position estimation software employs data from multiple measurements for improved target position estimation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark W. Johnson, David V. Deal
  • Patent number: 5947868
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for exercise equipment and exercise is provided. One or more exercise monitors are attached to a piece of exercise equipment and/or an exerciser. During exercise, each exercise monitor measures a performance level of the exerciser and outputs a performance level signal to a video game player. The video game player monitors the performance level signal and controls the performance level of a video game character based on the performance level of the exerciser. Many exerciser performance levels may be monitor such as pulse rate, exercise rate, distance traveled, time exercised, etc. and can be used to control such video game character performance levels as speed, striking force, energy level, lifetime, game level, etc. The video game player preferably comprises a hand-held video game player.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Inventor: Brian M. Dugan
  • Patent number: 5845289
    Abstract: The invention proposes a method of defining and generating cooperating object structures for accessing Business Applications (BAs) which were not built upon the principles of object orientation (OO) in an OO manner. One step of the method is targeted at the definition of true Business Object (BO) classes with a unique meaning as entities or concepts in terms of the underlying business as supported by the BA. As the BAs process the business relevant data, their spectrum of the input and output parameters serve to define the BO Attributes (BOAs) of the individual BO classes. A further step of the method is the encapsulation of the individual BAs within Transactional Object (TO) classes for controlling and executing the BAs. TO instances are able to autonomously extract BOA values from the BO instances to assemble the input parameters for BA execution. The TO instances are also endowed to process the output parameters as returned by the BA to materialize BOs, i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Sascha Baumeister, Michael Beisiegel, Reinhard Duscher
  • Patent number: 5719501
    Abstract: A mine simulation system includes a magnetic field disturbance sensing apparatus carried by a moving vehicle and a plurality of randomly distributed passive permanent magnetic field disturbing devices located on the ground and simulated as mines. The sensing apparatus detects a magnetic field disturbance caused by the presence of any one of the passive permanent magnetic field disturbing devices when the vehicle comes into proximity of one passive permanent magnetic field disturbing device. A method for training personnel in mine field action can use this mine simulation system by entering the training vehicle into an area where the magnetic field of the earth has been disturbed by the presence of the passive permanent magnetic field disturbance device. When the training vehicle comes into proximity of one passive permanent magnetic field disturbance device, an output voltage is generated in the sensing apparatus detectable by a personnel being trained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1998
    Assignee: Israeli Aircraft Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Moshe Spektor, Gil Shalev, Boaz Kartoon
  • Patent number: 5282014
    Abstract: A range extinction simulator system that simulates an outdoor laser test range in a relatively small area, which provides for a computer controlled, electronic laser range simulator used to test laser rangefinders. The system evaluates a laser rangefinder's output energy and programs a laser transmitter to fire into the rangefinder at a specific optical power level needed to simulate a return signal from a target for a given range, atmospheric attenuation, and target reflectivity. This invention allows laser rangefinders to be tested without the necessity of a long distance (typically outdoor) laser range. The system provides for a significant cost savings over current test systems and improves the ability to perform varied tests on laser rangefinders.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Assignee: Hughes Aircraft Company
    Inventors: Joseph W. Ruhl, Jr., Arnold E. Glick
  • Patent number: 5032083
    Abstract: A system for training or aiding an impaired individual to perform a series of tasks at spaced work sites comprises a mobile device for being worn or carried by the individual. The mobile device comprises circuits and devices for detecting the position of the mobile device relative to the spaced work sites. It further comprises a programmed computer having a memory for storing a data structure associating each task with the ordinal number of the task, a task description, the site at which the task is to be performed, a flag or pointer indicative of whether a task has been performed and messages containing cues and/or instructions for each task. The programmed computer also comprises a memory and processor for storing and executing a program which based upon the task flag or pointer and the location of the mobile module for cueing and/or instructing the individual to perform a task at a site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1991
    Assignee: Augmentech, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark B. Friedman
  • Patent number: 4805159
    Abstract: The minimum distance between a passing projectile and a training (dummy) target is ascertained by means of four shock wave responsive transducers in the target, two of which are aligned with the target's propagation and the transit time differential of receiving the shock wave from the projectile as well as measured distances to the projectile's trajectory are used to establish a set of possible projectile trajectories, one of them being the real one; all of them being arranged in rotational symmetry to the line established by the two transducers. This information suffices already to determine the minimum distance of fly by.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1989
    Assignee: Rhein-Flugzeugbau GmbH
    Inventors: Helmut Negendank, Reinhard Wedekind
  • Patent number: 4791422
    Abstract: A method of and apparatus for measuring time of arrival of remote Loran-C and related signals and effective time of transmission of local signals at Loran transmitter sites through use of a simulated Loran signal locally generated and coupled into the receiving antenna system that receives the remote signals in a time slot not occupied by the local transmitted signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 13, 1988
    Assignee: Megapulse Incorporated
    Inventor: Robert B. Goddard
  • Patent number: 4357531
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for training in marksmanship. The apparatus uses a computer to determine the position of strike of a projectile on a target and further detects a hit on the target, especially in the region of the edge of the target where the projectile position determination computer may produce some errors. The physical hit detection system of the present invention will "override" the computer in those instances where the projectile barely touches the edge of the target and the computer "sees" the projectile as having missed the target or vice versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1982
    Assignee: Australasian Training Aids, Pty., Ltd.
    Inventor: Lindsay C. Knight
  • Patent number: 4350882
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for use in marksmanship training. The apparatus includes means for detecting and indicating a position in a measurement plane in the vicinity of a target through which a projectile passes. In addition, the apparatus includes means for measuring the velocity of the projectile in the vicinity of the target. The measured velocity is compared with a predetermined expected velocity to determine if the projectile passed through the measurement plane in free flight or if it had ricocheted prior to passing through the measurement plane. The apparatus will then afford the marksman both an indication of where the projectile passed relative to the target and an indication of whether the projectile has struck the target on a ricochet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1982
    Assignee: Australasian Training Aids, Pty., Ltd.
    Inventor: Robert B. Phillips
  • Patent number: 4350881
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus for indicating the location in a measurement plane through which a projectile passes. The apparatus includes an array of at least three transducers responsive to the airborne pressure wave produced by the projectile and positioned at predetermined locations along a line parallel to the movement plane. The apparatus further includes a device for measuring the velocity of the projectile and another for measuring the velocity of sound in air in the vicinity of the transducers. A computing means, responsive to the array of transducers, the velocity measuring means and the propagation of sound determination is provided which determines the location in the measurement plane through which the projectile passed and provides an output indicating that location. Also disclosed is a means, in combination with the position detecting means, for detecting and providing a positive indication of a projectile hit on a target member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1982
    Assignee: Australasian Training Aids, Pty., Ltd.
    Inventors: Lindsay C. Knight, Robert B. Phillips, William H. Bowyer, Bruce Moxley
  • Patent number: 4349728
    Abstract: A target apparatus, having a framework covered by sheets of material to form a chamber the sheets of material being penetrable by a projectile, such as a bullet, fired at the target. A plurality of transducers are positioned at respective spaced-apart locations within the chamber and lying on an arc of a circle, for detecting shock or pressure waves in the chamber caused upon penetration of the sheets of material by the projectile. Time differences between instants of detection of a shock or pressure wave by the transducers are measured, the location at which the projectile penetrated the sheet of material being determined from the time differences. Preferably, a bull's-eye or aiming mark is provided on the target, the center of which is aligned with the center of the circle on which the transducers lie. Apparatus is also disclosed for determining the speed of sound in air within the chamber, enabling the projectile penetration point to be determined with particular accuracy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1979
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1982
    Assignee: Australasian Training Aids Pty. Ltd.
    Inventors: Robert B. Phillips, William H. Bowyer, Bruce Moxley
  • Patent number: 4349729
    Abstract: A hit detection device for use in a marksmanship evaluation device for providing positive and negative reinforcement of shooting techniques immediately after each shot is fired. The hit detection device comprises a transducer spaced apart from a target member and detects and provides a hit indication output when the target is hit. In a preferred embodiment, the transducer in combination with electronic circuitry provide discrimination such that a hit indication output is only provided when the target member is actually hit by a projectile directly and no output is provided if the target is hit by a ricochet or is disturbed by any other external source such as the wind, sonic booms, etc. In a further preferred embodiment, the target member is three-dimensional and at least partially surrounds the transducer to shield the same from air pressure disturbances caused by projectiles passing by but not actually hitting the target member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1982
    Assignee: Australasian Training Aids, Pty., Ltd.
    Inventor: Lindsay C. Knight
  • Patent number: 4307292
    Abstract: Apparatus for training in marksmanship which provides positive and negative reinforcement of shooting techniques immediately after each shot is fired. The reinforcement may take a number of forms, preferably comprising a plurality of indications concerning each shot fired. The indications may comprise at least an approximate indication of where a projectile fired at a target has passed relative to the target and/or a positive indication of whether the projectile has actually hit the target and/or whether the projectile has ricocheted prior to reaching the zone of the target. Specific apparatus for performing each of these functions is disclosed. Indication may also be given concerning whether the trainee marksman is correctly gripping the weapon being fired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1981
    Assignee: Australasian Training Aids (Pty.) Ltd.
    Inventors: Lindsay C. Knight, Robert B. Phillips
  • Patent number: RE32123
    Abstract: A hit detection device for use in a marksmanship evaluation device for providing positive and negative reinforcement of shooting techniques immediately after each shot is fired. The hit detection device comprises a transducer spaced apart from a target member and detects and provides a hit indication output when the target is hit. In a preferred embodiment, the transducer in combination with electronic circuitry provide discrimination such that a hit indication output is only provided when the target member is actually hit by a projectile directly and no output is provided if the target is hit by a ricochet or is disturbed by any other external source such as the wind, sonic booms, etc. In a further preferred embodiment, the target member is three-dimensional and at least partially surrounds the transducer to shield the same from air pressure disturbances caused by projectiles passing by but not actually hitting the target member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1986
    Assignee: Lomah Electronic Targetry, Inc.
    Inventor: Lindsay C. Knight
  • Patent number: H613
    Abstract: A rugged portable diagnostic apparatus is configured for temporary installation and operation on board Naval ships. The apparatus provides gunnery training support by allowing a comprehensive empirical assessment and feedback of individual, team and equipment performance on an economical and environmentally responsible basis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Samuel L. Stello, James M. Johnson, J. Harold Jones