Cinematographic Or Cathode Ray Screen Display Patents (Class 434/20)
  • Patent number: 10288370
    Abstract: A method of supervising the safe carrying of firearms establishing rules for the situations where live ammunition is allowed to be in the chamber of the firearm. A supervisor checks that a dummy round is in the chamber of the firearm before the supervised person goes on duty outside of direct supervision. The dummy round is designed so that it records occasions when it is removed from the chamber. The recording is designed to last until checked by the supervisor. In some cases the dummy round undergoes changes that make the recording. In other cases the dummy round keeps count of the number of times it is removed from the chamber. In still other cases the dummy round communicates with a device which makes the recording. In each of these cases the system of supervision insures that live ammunition is only chambered when appropriate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Inventor: Thomas Danaher Harvey
  • Patent number: 9786191
    Abstract: Various embodiments associated with a commencement sound and a conclusion sound are described. The commencement sound can be a firing sound, such as a sound of a bullet exiting a rifle. The conclusion sound can be an impact sound, such as a sound of the bullet impacting a concrete wall. These sounds can replicate what it sounds like to have an experience around someone without actually subjecting that person to the experience.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Naomi Esther Zirkind
  • Patent number: 9011151
    Abstract: According to one embodiment of the present invention, a system for simulating firing a gun comprises a firing system and a transmitting system coupled to the firing system. The firing system fires a cartridge and comprises a chamber and a hammer. The chamber receives and holds the cartridge, and the hammer strikes the cartridge. The transmitting system detects movement of the hammer and transmits simulation data prior to the hammer striking the cartridge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Giles D. Jones, Qingce Bian, Christopher A. Tomlinson, Jeffrey E. Decker, William W. Price, Bradley C Huang, Peter M. Wallrich
  • Patent number: 8911235
    Abstract: The invention is a trigger pull training device for improving trigger pull technique. The device has a frame with a trigger track opening and a trigger which goes through that opening. A proximity sensor or a plurality of proximity sensors are placed proximate the trigger track opening. The sensors are connected to an indicator whereby pulling the trigger such that the trigger is within the sensing zone causes the proximity sensor to emit a signal. A plurality of sensors can be lined along the trigger track opening to indicate the accuracy of any pull.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: TriggerMaster, Inc.
    Inventor: Malcom Baxter
  • Publication number: 20140315156
    Abstract: A remote camera target observation system and method of use, the system generally comprising one or more remote camera/wireless transmitter units comprising a video camera connected to a first wireless transmitter that can wirelessly transmit video signals from the video camera; one or more weather meter/wireless transmitter units comprising at least of a weather meter to continuously measure environmental conditions, weather meter/wireless transmitter units wirelessly transmitting data signals of measured environmental conditions made by the weather meter; a receiver/base unit that comprises a wireless receiver that connects to a computer, the computer connects to a user interface, the wireless receiver capable of receiving video signals from the one or more remote camera/wireless transmitter units and data signals from one or more weather meter/wireless transmitter units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventor: Keith A. Averill
  • Publication number: 20140272808
    Abstract: A video camera and recording device integrated with a real or toy weapon to provide video recording of the assault and aiming process of the weapon holder in operational training, actual combat, hunting, sports and gaming scenarios. A video camera is boresighted with the weapon, and a video memory stores the recorded dynamic scenario, and a trigger sensor which continually senses and records the triggering actions imposed by the weapon holder. The trigger sensor is attached to the actual trigger of the weapon thus enabling normal operation of the weapon. The video camera, may be mounted internally within the bore of the weapon, such that the external form of the weapon is not altered, thus achieving closer operation to real life situations. The recorded trigger data is utilized upon playback of the recorded video, enabling quick review and scoring of the recorded aiming process for training and gaming.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Avraham Ram GUISSIN
  • Patent number: 8777620
    Abstract: A firearm training system provides a firearm body having a trigger and a trigger pull sensor circuit. When the trigger is pulled, the trigger pull sensor circuit provides trigger pull data allowing monitoring of the actual two-dimensional trigger pull path taken by the trigger during the trigger pull. The trigger pull path is graft on a predetermined map together with boundary lines representing a predetermined difference threshold from ideal trigger pull data. The system provides a way to monitor trigger pull path to determine whether the trigger has been pulled laterally and/or the firearm body has moved with respect to a longitudinal axis of the firearm body during the trigger pull. By repeatedly monitoring trigger pulls using the system, a user can train to improve trigger pull technique.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: TriggerMaster, Inc.
    Inventor: Malcom Baxter
  • Patent number: 8613619
    Abstract: A gun-resembling apparatus having a gunstock and a barrel, a sight aligned with the barrel, a trigger mounted along the gunstock, and image capturing features for capturing targeted images via operating the trigger and safety features incorporated with the image capturing features to teach the student proper gun-handling procedures. The device includes a camera to capture image(s) in a sight line of the barrel. The image(s) are displayed on a display screen for viewing and editing. The device also incorporates a safety switch having a safe and fire position, the camera being prohibited from operating in the safe position and being allowed to operate in the fire position. An alert signal may sound through a speaker if the trigger is not operated after a predetermined time of the safety switch being in the fire position. An image storage device may also be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Inventors: Bryan S. Couet, Keri L. Couet
  • Patent number: 8520895
    Abstract: A system and method calculate a range and velocity of an object in image data. The range calculation includes detecting a contour of the object from the image data, forming a template from the image data based on the contour; and calculating a range to the object using pixel resolution and dimension statistics of the object. A three-dimensional velocity of the object is determined by calculating a radial component and an angular component of the velocity. The radial velocity component is calculated by determining the range of the object in two or more image frames, determining a time differential between the two or more image frames, and calculating the radial velocity as a function of the range of the object in the two or more image frames and the time differential between the two or more image frames. The angular component is calculated using spatial-temporal derivatives as a function of a motion constraint equation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Kwong Wing Au, Saad J. Bedros
  • Patent number: 8508507
    Abstract: A method of for identifying multiple optical inputs to a display area with embedded photo sensors includes providing a display area with embedded photo sensors configured to display visual information; receiving a first and a second input optically transmitted to a first and a second location on the display area, respectively; processing the first and second inputs to identify at least one of (1) the location of the first and second inputs relative to the display area; and (2) a timing of the first and second inputs; and determining whether the first and second inputs originated from a single source or multiple sources based on at least their (1) wavelengths; (2) flash or pulse frequencies; (3) durations; (4) timings; (5) intensities; (6) modulation schemes; (7) projected input patterns; and (8) at least one estimated trace of the inputs; and providing first and second input information containing at least (1) their locations and (2) their timings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Integrated Digital Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Chun-Yuan Lee, Shen-Tai Liaw
  • Patent number: 8393900
    Abstract: A system for aligning a simulator arranged for firing a mounted on a weapon. The simulator has a radiation source arranged so as to emit a beam along a simulation axis, and for adjusting the simulation axis so that it is aligned with the weapon sight. The system includes a sighting mark at which the weapon sight is to be aimed during alignment, and a device arranged in connection with the sighting mark to emit beam along an axis representing an aligned simulation axis. The system further includes an aligning unit that is deployable at the simulator and in which at least a first part of the beam from the element is reflected along an axis representing the current position of the simulation axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Saab AB
    Inventor: Per Renntoft
  • Publication number: 20120258432
    Abstract: The target shooting system provides a target shooter with immediate feedback, both visual and auditory, on the shooter's performance. The system comprises a real-time imaging feed of a target being shot at by a target shooter; wherein the image is submitted to a computing device running a software program. The program processes the images in such a manner as to be able to present the shooter with both audio and visual feedback of where the shooter's shots are hitting the target. The audio feedback comprises real-time announcement of a hit location relative to a pre-set bullseye (for example: “Hit one inch high, point five inch right.”). The visual feedback comprises a real-time image of the target with any hits on the target highlighted by an indicator, such as an outline of concentric, colored circles, or any other suitable indicator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2011
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Applicant: OUTWEST SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventor: Paul Weissler
  • Patent number: 8267691
    Abstract: A firearm training simulation system for simulating the impact of one or more projectiles impacting a user includes an electrical impulse element configured for physical contact with the user. A controller is in communication with the electrical impulse element. The controller enables receipt of a signal for activating the electrical impulse element to deliver one or more electrical pulses to the user. Each electrical pulse simulates an impact of a projectile on the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Vitra Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert D. Ferris, Roger D. Malin
  • Publication number: 20120208150
    Abstract: A moving, shooting, video recording, human-appearing combat training machine comprising of three major components referred to as the mobile base unit, the target body and an unattached control system is provided. The base unit has a chassis plate driven by a plurality of motors and a plurality of wheel assemblies within an exterior armor which protects internal components of the chassis from projectile impacts. The target body mounts to an extension plate affixed to the underside of the chassis plate of the base unit, creating an overall human appearing subject that moves in varying directions. The combat training machine returns fire by shooting projectiles while recording video with an electronic or mechanical sighting system for target and video playback for training analysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 24, 2012
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Inventor: Daniel Spychaiski
  • Patent number: 8162666
    Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, multiple networked gaming devices can participate in a secondary type game. A primary game such as poker, rotatable wheels, wheel of fortune or the like is initiated on a gaming device. A predetermined outcome (for example) of the primary game is then used to qualify the gaming device for a secondary type game. A predetermined outcome might be a wheel of fortune SPIN symbol, for example. Once the gaming device is qualified, a secondary game indication cycle is triggered. During this cycle, additional gaming devices can then qualify for the secondary type game by using one or more predetermined primary game outcomes, for example. The secondary type game is then initiated and a secondary game payout awarded to the gaming devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Inventor: Tyler Parham
  • Patent number: 8016594
    Abstract: A threat fire simulation system (40) for simulating a projectile impacting a user (26) includes an electrical impulse element (44) configured for physical contact with the user (26). A controller (42) is in communication with the electrical impulse element (44). The controller (42) enables receipt of a signal (54) for activating electrical impulse element (44) to deliver a non-disabling electrical pulse (46) to the user (26). The electrical pulse (46) simulates an impact of the projectile on the user (26).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Virtra Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert D. Ferris, Roger D. Malin
  • Patent number: 7927102
    Abstract: A rocket propelled grenade (RPG) simulation device usable with a laser detector is provided. The RPG simulation device comprises a laser transmitter, a switch, a controller, and a housing. The laser transmitter is capable of directing a laser signal to the laser detector, the laser signal comprising information readable by the laser detector, to simulate a launch of a rocket propelled grenade from the RPG simulation device to the laser detector. The switch permits a user to trigger a laser signal from the laser transmitter. The controller is in operable communication with the laser transmitter and the switch, and the controller is operable to respond to triggering of the switch and to simulate the launch of a rocket propelled grenade by directing the laser transmitter to generate and transmit a laser signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Giles D. Jones, Quang K. Ha, Lee Ourn, Samon Jannati
  • Publication number: 20100273130
    Abstract: A shooting training system includes a display device for displaying visual information on a display area, wherein the display device is embedded with photo sensors for receiving a first user input from a first input device transmitted to and directed to a first location on the display area; and a computing device coupled with the display device, wherein the computing device is configured to instruct the display device to display a shooting-training environment; process the first user input to identify at least the location of the first user input relative to the display area and a timing of the first user input; and display training results based on the location and timing of the first user input.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Inventors: Fu-Yuan CHAI, Chun-Yuan Lee
  • Patent number: 7687751
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention, therefore, provide improved systems and methods for tracking targets in a simulation environment. Merely by way of example, an exemplary embodiment provides a reflected laser target tracking system that tracks a target with a video camera and associated computational logic. In certain embodiments, a closed loop algorithm may be used to predict future positions of targets based on formulas derived from prior tracking points. Hence, the target's next position may be predicted. In some cases, targets may be filtered and/or sorted based on predicted positions. In certain embodiments, equations (including without limitation, first order equations and second order equations) may be derived from one or more video frames. Such equations may also be applied to one or more successive frames of video received and/or produced by the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Cubic Corporation
    Inventor: David Wayne Page
  • Publication number: 20090305198
    Abstract: The invention relates to a gunnery training device using a weapon (1), said device being characterised in that it comprises video capturing means (5) for capturing the field of vision, angular capturing means for detecting angles defining the position of insertion of the synthesis images, processing means (21, 22) for inserting, in real-time, synthesis images into the captured field of vision, and means for visualising (6) the captured field of vision containing said at least one inserted synthesis image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2006
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: GDI SIMULATION
    Inventors: Valentin Lefevre, Laurent Chabin, Emmanuel Marin
  • Publication number: 20090286208
    Abstract: A method of and apparatus for virtual shooting practice comprises a displayed shooting practice image including a target portion and a simulated gun. As the target portion of the image moves relative to the remainder thereof, the simulated gun is moved relative to the displayed image and relative to the moving target portion. Movement of the simulated gun is compared with the movement of the target portion of the displayed image resulting in a determination of whether a “shot” from the gun is a “hit” or a “miss”.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2009
    Publication date: November 19, 2009
    Inventor: Ronald F. Coleman
  • Publication number: 20090123894
    Abstract: A method for adjusting a direction of fire includes moving a view of at least one sensor between a target area and an impact area, where a sensor performs target location. Sensor data is received from the sensor. The sensor data includes target area sensor data generated in response to sensing the target area and impact area sensor data generated in response to sensing the impact area. Image processing is performed on the sensor data to determine at least one angle between a first line from the sensor to the target area and a second line from the sensor to the impact area. Further, a set of refinements to coordinates corresponding to the target area is determined according to the at least one angle and an impact distance between the at least one sensor and the impact area. The set of refinements is communicated in order to facilitate firing upon the target area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2008
    Publication date: May 14, 2009
    Applicant: Raytheon Company
    Inventors: Mark S. Svane, David W. Fore, Kevin Underhill, Richard C. Vera
  • Publication number: 20080220397
    Abstract: A three-dimensional imaging technique is used to create the illusion of depth in an image or in a video in order to present a more realistic training experience for a person undergoing firearms and/or use of force training. The three-dimensional image can be used in a target, a shoot house, and/or a training simulator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2007
    Publication date: September 11, 2008
    Applicant: LIVESIGHT TARGET SYSTEMS INC.
    Inventors: Ralph Capone, Steven Rubino
  • Patent number: 7345265
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention, therefore, provide improved systems and methods for tracking targets in a simulation environment. Merely by way of example, an exemplary embodiment provides a reflected laser target tracking system that tracks a target with a video camera and associated computational logic. In certain embodiments, a closed loop algorithm may be used to predict future positions of targets based on formulas derived from prior tracking points. Hence, the target's next position may be predicted. In some cases, targets may be filtered and/or sorted based on predicted positions. In certain embodiments, equations (including without limitation, first order equations and second order equations) may be derived from one or more video frames. Such equations may also be applied to one or more successive frames of video received and/or produced by the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2008
    Assignee: Cubic Corporation
    Inventor: David Wayne Page
  • Patent number: 7293992
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a simulator arranged for the simulation of firing, which simulator is intended to be mounted on a weapon with aiming means. The simulator contains an emitter for a simulation bean and an emitting device for an alignment beam, which device contains a reticle arranged in a first focal plane of an optical system. The optical system is characterized in that it contains means for beam-splitting, where the optical system has a second focal plane, and where the emitter for the simulation beam is arranged in an optical path or extension thereof containing the second focal plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2007
    Assignee: Saab AB
    Inventor: Arnold Fredriksson
  • Patent number: 6997716
    Abstract: The Continuous Aimpoint Tracking System is comprised of a position detection device (PDD) and a laser pointing device (LPD) that projects an infrared crosshair onto the PDD. The PDD is coupled to a computer and comprises a multitude of photodiodes and associated circuits, the photodiodes being evenly spaced and arranged to form a frame that can be mounted on the computer so as to surround the computer video display. When a “shot” is fired from the LPD, the crosshair projection is interrupted briefly. The PDD determines the position of the four crosshair intersections and reports them to the computer which, in response, generates the video signals that form the resolved aimpoint on the screen, matching the LPD aimpoint to the video image. Further, the tracking system determines the rotation of the LPD over a range of at least 10 degrees clockwise or counter-clockwise.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: James A. Skala, Frank J. Blackwell, Patrick W. Jungwirth
  • Patent number: 6902483
    Abstract: A handheld electronic game device shaped as a toy gun with two handles and two triggers, and one or more built-in display screens. The device may be played as a stand-alone device, or played with an external game unit having a display screen. When played with an external unit, the handheld device and the external unit may be provided with an aiming relationship detection system to detect an aiming of the handheld device with respect the display screen of the external unit. In one example, the screen of the external unit displays a terrain or a scene seen by the player, and the built-in display of the handheld device simulates a view seen through a scope used on traditional guns. An additional display screen may be provided on the handheld device to simulate a radar scan or satellite image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2005
    Inventor: Xiao Lin
  • Patent number: 6813593
    Abstract: A simulator for simulating the firing of a weapon at one or more targets, each target having a respective shape. The simulator includes a housing substantially identical in size and shape to at least a discrete portion of the weapon. The simulator further includes a sensor, operationally connected to the housing, for acquiring a number of images of at least one of the targets. The simulator also includes an image processor for detecting and analyzing change among the images and for initiating control signals based on the analysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: Rafael-Armament Development Authority Ltd.
    Inventor: Yossi Berger
  • Patent number: 6530782
    Abstract: A launcher training system includes a housing shaped to resemble a projectile launcher. A hollowed-out portion of the housing defines a boresight axis. An optical sight is coupled to the housing such that the boresight axis and the optical sight's line-of-sight are fixed in relation to one another. The optical sight further defines a sight field-of-view (FOV) with a first reticle appearing therein. An imaging means in the hollowed-out portion of the housing generates an image in an image FOV thereof. Video signal transmitter are provided to transmit signals indicative of the image over the air waves. A remotely-located receiver station is provided to reproduce the image with a second reticle being overlaid thereon. The imaging means are adjustably positioned such that the image FOV is sighted along the boresight axis and such that the second reticle overlaid on the reproduced image appears at the same position as the first reticle in the sight FOV.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Timothy M. Fouse, Michael M. Canaday, Vincent J. Vendetti
  • Patent number: 6296486
    Abstract: A simulator for simulating the firing of weapons the simulator including a firing station, and a missile weapon simulator. The missile weapon simulator able to simulate imaginary firings, an image display device, an image processing device, and an instructor station. The instructor station includes a video screen associated with a decision device by which an instructor chooses a virtual scenario relating to a firing field, the type of the missile and firing conditions. The image display device displays virtual images in actual size representing a field of vision of a firer in the virtual scenario chosen by the instructor, a micromonitor placed upon the missile weapon simulator displays the same images as those of the display device. The image processing device generates images within the instructor station, the images displayed on the micromonitor, and the images displayed on the display device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2001
    Assignee: Aerospatiale Societe Nationale Industrielle
    Inventors: Emmanuel Cardaillac, Laëtitia Weber
  • Patent number: 6146142
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for developing shooting skills that take into account the effects of wind on the trajectory of a bullet. The method includes the step of entering basic shooting data into a central unit, measuring force and direction of the wind with at least one wind indicator, feeding the measured force and direction of the wind to the central unit, analyzing the measured force and direction of the wind and the entered data to determine the effects of the wind on the trajectory of the bullet and transmitting the effects of the wind to a marksman. The apparatus includes at least one wind indicator for measuring force and direction of the wind. A central unit is provided to allow entry of basic shooting data. The central unit also collects and analyzes the measured force and direction of the wind with the entered data. The data analyzed by the central unit is transmitted to the marksman through a terminal which tells the marksman what effects the wind will have on the trajectory of the bullet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Inventor: Asko Nuutinen
  • Patent number: 6053736
    Abstract: A training system for training AWACS weapons directors. The training system is programmed so that the student can select between a number of different training modes. These include interactive courseware, simulation, and live exercise modes. The system includes a voice recognition unit that is trained to recognize AWACS terminology and to interactively teach them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2000
    Assignee: Southwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Stephen D. Huffman, Bruce C. Montag, Sharon D. Long
  • Patent number: 5980254
    Abstract: A weapons training range provides a simulated weapons use scenario including return fire. A microprocessor selects branches from a multi-branch program and causes an image projector to project subscenarios on a display screen visible to a participant. In response to the subscenarios, the participant fires at projected threats. Return fire simulators positioned behind the display screen return fire toward the participant. Obstructions are placed in the weapons range to provide cover for the participant. A video camera and X-Y position sensor identify the X-Y location of the participant and try to detect exposed portions of the participant. Based upon the identified X-Y location and any detected exposed portions, the microprocessor aims the return fire simulators to provide simulated return fire. To simulate real world aiming, the microprocessor induces time-based and response-based aiming errors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 9, 1999
    Assignee: Advanced Interactive Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric G. Muehle, Erwin C. Treat, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5924868
    Abstract: A video camera mounted on eyewear worn by a shooter produces displayed images used by the shooter in aiming the firearm. The displayed image, rather than a direct view of a target is used in aiming the firearm. These images may be subsequently reviewed by the shooter or viewed by an instructor. A viewer of the displayed image is able to see the aiming as the shooter actually sees it, and correlate it with success or failure in hitting a target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Inventor: Samuel R. Rod
  • Patent number: 5823779
    Abstract: A weapons training range provides a simulated weapons use scenario including return fire. A microprocessor selects branches from a multi-branch program and causes an image projector to project subscenarios on a display screen visible to a participant. In response to the subscenarios, the participant fires at projected threats. Return fire simulators positioned behind the display screen return fire toward the participant. Obstructions are placed in the weapons range to provide cover for the participant. A video camera and X-Y position sensor identify the X-Y location of the participant and try to detect exposed portions of the participant. Based upon the identified X-Y location and any detected exposed portions, the microprocessor aims the return fire simulators to provide simulated return fire. To simulate real world aiming, the microprocessor induces time-based and response-based aiming errors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: Advanced Interactive Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Eric G. Muehle, Irwin C. Treat, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5738522
    Abstract: Apparatus for merging a video image sequence of a dynamic phenomenon occurring on a natural background into a high resolution background image, the apparatus including a background remover operative to remove the natural background from the video image sequence, and a phenomenon-background merger operative to merge the video image sequence of the dynamic phenomenon, with natural background removed, into the high resolution background image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1998
    Assignee: N.C.C. Network Communications and Computer Systems
    Inventors: Adi Sussholz, Yoram Goren
  • Patent number: 5690492
    Abstract: A device to determine which target a participant has selected during simued weapon training is disclosed. The device uses a second projector in addition to the computer generated image projector to project a non-visible light onto a screen. The computer generated imagery projector and the non-visible light projector are adjusted to create a composite image, visible and non-visible, projected on the screen such that the non-visible image is overlaid on the visible image at all times. The non-visible image contains information related only to certain pre-defined targets. The participant is able to sense the visible portion of the image on the screen but not the non-visible image, which is reflected from the screen to an electronic sensor that senses only the non-visible image. A computer processes the information obtained from the sensor to determine which target the participant has selected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1997
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Gordon L. Herald
  • Patent number: 5586887
    Abstract: A training apparatus, method and kit for remotely and substantially instantaneously evaluating the alignment, settings and levels of the aiming devices of a howitzer gun.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: AAI Corporation
    Inventors: Niall B. McNelis, Richard W. Doyle, Dale A. Clark, Larry A. Zeafla, Thomas P. McGrath
  • Patent number: 5577962
    Abstract: A gun game machine from where a player takes out and holds a model gun to play a game. When the number of operations of a trigger lever (6) attains the preset number of times, the game is stopped and, at the same time, a solenoid (20) operates to disengage a boss (23) of a lever (19) from a recess (22b) of a advance and retreat member (15) and the advance and retreat member is ejected down by the effect of a spring (24). When the player pushes up the advance and retreat member (15) to set, a sensor (16) detects the pushing action and resets the trigger count value for enabling the game to continue. The action of pushing up the advance and retreat device (15) is similar to the real action of loading a cartridge into a real gun and the player can enjoy a game having realism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: Namco Limited
    Inventors: Yutaka Kounoe, Yasushi Omori, Hideyuki Kikuchi
  • Patent number: 5569085
    Abstract: A gun game machine wherein the player can hold a model gun in the hand away from an machine casing. This gun game machine comprises a bullet hitting optical detection unit installed in the model gun for detecting a simulated bullet hitting position, a sliding cover provided on an exposed outward portion of the gunbarrel of the model gun and slidable in the longitudinal direction of the gunbarrel section, and a cover driving means for instantaneously moving the sliding cover at high speed. The model gun and the game machine casing may be coupled to each other by means of a flexible cable containing electric conductors. The sliding cover makes a long reciprocating motion similar to the so-called blow-back movement of an actual gun, so that the player can feel a similar reaction or impact corresponding to the firing of the actual gun. This simulated firing operation also serves to attract spectators to the game.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Namco Limited
    Inventors: Hiroshi Igarashi, Azuma Mochizuki, Yoshitaka Kajima, Toshiya Ohara, Hideki Inoue, Shigeki Tohyama
  • Patent number: 5551876
    Abstract: A target practice apparatus which allows a trainee to shoot at a target on a moving image with live bullets. The target practice apparatus includes a screen on which a training image is projected, three or more acoustic sensors for detecting an impact sound, impact coordinate measuring section for computing the coordinates of an impact position on the screen based on detection signals from the acoustic sensors, a projector, a playback unit for supplying the projector with an image signal, a recording medium which stores a hit image and a miss image as well as the training image, a memory unit in which a hit range and a miss range are previously stored for each frame of the training image, and a data processing and controlling section which compares the detected coordinates of the impact position with data of the hit range and the miss range stored in the memory unit to perform a hit/miss judgment, selects the hit image or the miss image based on the results of the judgment, and reproduces the selected image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: Babcock-Hitachi Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Sumio Koresawa, Masanori Yamazaki, Hidetoshi Imaide
  • Patent number: 5437463
    Abstract: A game apparatus which resembles a shooting gallery, the apparatus including a gun (10) for projecting an electromagnetic beam such as an infrared light beam (22) and a target assembly (12) which includes a plurality of targets (82). Normally the targets are not visible, being concealed behind a two-way mirror (80), but during the operation of the game first one and then another target will become visible for a brief period of time as each target is illuminated by an illumination device (84), there being one illuminating device for each target. Each target has associated with it a beam receiver (86). If the electromagnetic beam strikes a target when it is illuminated, the associated beam receiver will cause a score to be registered due to the operation of additional electronics associated with the target assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 1, 1995
    Inventor: Wayne G. Fromm
  • Patent number: 5366229
    Abstract: In a shooting game machine, a projector projects a shooting video image, in which a target appears, on a screen. A player may fire a laser gun to emit a light beam to the target on the screen. A video camera photographs the screen, irrespective of any display scanning of the projector, and outputs its picture signal to coordinate computing means. The coordinate computing means counts clock pulses, which are output from a pulse generator, during a period from when a vertical synchronous signal of the picture signal is output until a beam point signal is output, and divides the count value by a predetermined reference pulse number to compute and output the X coordinate and the Y coordinate of the beam point on the screen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 22, 1994
    Assignee: Namco Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenzi Suzuki
  • Patent number: 5340115
    Abstract: Engaging claws (15) and (16) are provided in the upper right front part in the longitudinal direction of a barrel (8), and engaging claws (18) and (19) are provided in the upper left part thereof. A gunsight (10) is held in the barrel (8) by the engaging claws (15) and (16) or by the engaging claws (18) and (19). Consequently, the position where the gunsight (10) is mounted can be changed to a position where a player can easily use the gunsight (10). In addition, each of the engaging claws releases its engaged state by its elastic force to detach the gunsight (10) from the barrel (8) when a strong shock is given to the gunsight (10). Consequently, it is possible to prevent the gunsight (10) from being damaged or prevent the player from being injured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 23, 1994
    Assignee: Nintendo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ichiro Shirai, Kenichi Sugino
  • Patent number: 5215463
    Abstract: The apparatus is an interactive, scenario based simulator for training a weapons team in close encounter combat. Employed is a large screen projection system, a plurality of trainee positions, and means to remove aggressor images when neutralized by the team, to provide an apparent threat to the trainees from the simulated aggressors, and to track each trainees performance throughout the training scenario.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1993
    Inventors: Albert H. Marshall, Edward J. Purvis, Robert T. McCormack, Ronald S. Wolff
  • Patent number: 5215465
    Abstract: The apparatus is an interactive, scenario based simulator for training a pons team in close encounter combat. Employed is a large screen projection system, a plurality of trainee positions, and means to remove aggressor images when neutralized by the team, to provide an apparent threat to the trainees from the simulated aggressors, and to track each trainees performance throughout the training scenario.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Albert H. Marshall, Ronald S. Wolff, Edward J. Purvis, Robert T. McCormack
  • Patent number: 5215464
    Abstract: The apparatus is an interactive, scenario based simulator for training a weapons team in close encounter combat. Employed is a large screen projection system, a plurality of trainee positions, and means to remove aggressor images when neutralized by the team, to provide an apparent threat to the trainees from the simulated aggressors, and to track each trainees performance throughout the training scenario.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1993
    Inventors: Albert H. Marshall, Ronald S. Wolff, Edward J. Purvis, Robert T. McCormack
  • Patent number: 5213503
    Abstract: The apparatus is an interactive, scenario based simulator for training a pons team in close encounter combat. Employed is a large screen projection system, a plurality of trainee positions, and means to remove aggressor images when neutralized by the team, to provide an apparent threat to the trainees from the simulated aggressors, and to track each trainees performance throughout the training scenario.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Albert H. Marshall, Robert T. McCormack, Edward J. Purvis, Ronald S. Wolff
  • Patent number: 5194008
    Abstract: Weapon training simulation system including a computer operated video display scene whereon is projected a plurality of visual targets. The computer controls the display scene and the targets, whether stationary or moving, and processes data of a point of aim sensor apparatus associated with a weapon operated by a trainee. The sensor apparatus is sensitive to non-visible or subliminal modulated areas having a controlled contrast of brightness between the target scene and the targets. The sensor apparatus locates a specific subliminal modulated area and the computer determines the location of a target image on the display scene with respect to the sensor apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: Spartanics, Ltd.
    Inventors: William L. Mohan, Samuel P. Willits, Steven V. Pawlowski
  • Patent number: 5035622
    Abstract: A trainer for manually aimed weapons, having a projection screen video sym, a video disk player for providing pre-recorded scenes of a target image, a simulated weapon having actuable trigger, and a microprocessor having a file that identifies target location and range within each frame of the scenes and programmed to superimpose upon actuation of the trigger a graphic in-flight and impact image of a shot computed from a fourth order ballistics equation. Recoil of the simulated weapon is provided by pneumatics, as well as sound affects of the shot and its distant impact. Hit and miss explosions are provided in graphics selected from a set of stored image data by comparing the computed location of impact to the pre-identified target location. For shots that impact beyond the target, blanking of the graphics image is provided for that part of the explosion hidden by the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1991
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Albert H. Marshall, Ronald S. Wolff, Robert T. McCormack, Edward J. Purvis