Optical Sensing Apparatus Patents (Class 435/808)
  • Patent number: 9028772
    Abstract: A method may involve forming one or more photoresist layers over a sensor located on a structure, such that the sensor is covered by the one or more photoresist layers. The sensor is configured to detect an analyte. The method may involve forming a first polymer layer. Further, the method may involve positioning the structure on the first polymer layer. Still further, the method may involve forming a second polymer layer over the first polymer layer and the structure, such that the structure is fully enclosed by the first polymer layer, the second polymer layer, and the one or more photoresist layers. The method may also involve removing the one or more photoresist layers to form a channel through the second polymer layer, wherein the sensor is configured to receive the analyte via the channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Google Inc.
    Inventors: Huanfen Yao, Jeffrey George Linhardt, Babak Parviz
  • Patent number: 9017996
    Abstract: A bacteria analyzer comprising: a sample preparing section for preparing a measurement sample from a specimen; a detector for detecting bacteria contained in the measurement sample prepared by the sample preparing section; and a controller including a memory under control of a processor, the memory storing instructions enabling the processor to carry out operations, comprising: obtaining the distribution state of bacteria detected by the detector; setting a bacteria count region according to the obtained bacteria distribution state; and counting the number of bacteria contained in the set bacteria count region is disclosed. Method for analyzing bacteria, and a computer program product for bacteria analyzer are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Sysmex Corporation
    Inventor: Yukie Fujimoto
  • Patent number: 9005989
    Abstract: The invention relates to optoelectronic systems for detecting one or more target particles. The system includes a reaction chamber, a specimen collector, an optical detector, and a reservoir containing cells, each of the cells having receptors which are present on the surface of each cell and are specific for the target particle to be detected, where binding of the target particle to the receptors directly or indirectly activates a reporter molecule, thereby producing a measurable optical signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: James Douglas Harper, Richard Hart Mathews, Bernadette Johnson, Martha Susan Petrovick, Ann Rundell, Frances Ellen Nargi, Timothy Stephens, Linda Marie Mendenhall, Mark Alexander Hollis, Albert M. Young, Todd H. Rider, Eric David Schwoebel, Trina Rae Vian
  • Patent number: 8992860
    Abstract: The present invention relates to systems and methods for minimizing or eliminating diffusion effects. Diffused regions of a segmented flow of multiple, miscible fluid species may be vented off to a waste channel, and non-diffused regions of fluid may be preferentially pulled off the channel that contains the segmented flow. Multiple fluid samples that are not contaminated via diffusion may be collected for analysis and measurement in a single channel. The systems and methods for minimizing or eliminating diffusion effects may be used to minimize or eliminate diffusion effects in a microfluidic system for monitoring the amplification of DNA molecules and the dissociation behavior of the DNA molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Murphy, Scott Corey, Alex Flamm, Ben Lane, Conrad Laskowski, Chad Schneider
  • Patent number: 8987003
    Abstract: A biosensor device (100) for detecting biological particles, the biosensor device (100) comprising an electromagnetic radiation transmitting member (102) adapted for transmitting electromagnetic radiation and a plurality of sensor active structures (104) arranged at the electromagnetic radiation transmitting member (102), wherein each of the plurality of sensor active structures (104) is sensitive to specific biological particles and is adapted to modify electromagnetic radiation transmission properties of the electromagnetic radiation transmitting member (102) in the event of the presence of the respective biological particles, and wherein the electromagnetic radiation transmitting member (102) is adapted for a simultaneous detection of different biological particles at different ones of the plurality of sensor active structures (104).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: NXP B.V.
    Inventor: Pablo Garcia Tello
  • Patent number: 8961898
    Abstract: The present invention provides a bilayer membrane produced using a microchannel capable of easily forming bilayer membranes such as planar lipid bilayer membranes in large quantities, and a production method thereof. A process for producing a bilayer membrane of the present invention comprises forming a state where two liquid phases or liquid and gaseous phases each containing amphipathic molecules are alternately arranged in a microchannel, discharging one of the two liquid phases or the gaseous phase of the liquid and gaseous phases through branch minichannels formed in the wall on one side or in the walls on both sides to contact the remaining liquid phases adjacent to each other, and thereby forming a side-by-side arrangement of bilayer membranes comprising the amphipathic molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Tokyo Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Takasi Nisisako, Takahiro Baba
  • Patent number: 8945472
    Abstract: The present invention provides a biosensor system comprising a light source, a cartridge adapted to be illuminated by said light source, a light detector adapted for detecting a signal originating from the cartridge, an illumination control means adapted to vary the illumination of the cartridge between at least two different states, a means for generating a first oscillation with a first frequency, and a means for generating a second oscillation with a second frequency, wherein the frame rate of the light detector is triggered by the first oscillation and the illumination control means is triggered by the second oscillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Josephus Arnoldus Henricus Maria Kahlman, Bart Michiels
  • Patent number: 8920749
    Abstract: A microchip capable of sending liquid in a micro flow channel to a predetermined place irrespective of the pressure difference and sending a mixture of two or more liquid masses to a predetermined place even if the channel structure is simple. The microchip comprises an intermediate reservoir portion provided in a micro flow channel and adapted for temporarily holding liquid sent through the micro flow channel. The microchip is characterized in that the intermediate reservoir portion has a side channel, the volume of the intermediate reservoir portion is smaller than the total volume of the liquid sent into the intermediate reservoir portion, the side channel is provided for communication of a micro flow channel on the upstream side of the intermediate reservoir portion with a micro flow channel on the downstream side thereof, and the cross-section area of the side channel is smaller than that of the micro flow channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Medical & Graphic, Inc.
    Inventors: Youichi Aoki, Akihisa Nakajima, Kusunoki Higashino, Yasuhiro Sando, Yoshikazu Kurihara
  • Patent number: 8906672
    Abstract: A single injection gradient with a biosensor, both structural and methodological, achieves the binding of analyte to immobilized ligand over a wide concentration range without the necessity of regeneration of the sensing area. A gradient of concentrations adjacent to or within a flow cell facilitates kinetic analysis of interactions without requiring multiple discrete volumes or injections to achieve a range of concentrations. A continuous gradient fluid is preferably formed directly adjacent to the flow cell inlet or a region of sample/buffer dispersion at an injection point into a flow channel of a flow cell. The analyte gradient may be flowed through the flow cell from a low analyte concentration. Multiple component gradients are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Flir Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: John Gerard Quinn
  • Patent number: 8883490
    Abstract: The present technology provides for an fluorescent detector that is configured to detect light emitted for a probe characteristic of a polynucleotide. The polynucleotide is undergoing amplification in a microfluidic channel with which the detector is in optical communication. The detector is configured to detect minute quantities of polynucleotide, such as would be contained in a microfluidic volume. The detector can also be multiplexed to permit multiple concurrent measurements on multiple polynucleotides concurrently.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: HandyLab, Inc.
    Inventors: Kalyan Handique, Sundaresh N. Brahmasandra
  • Patent number: 8883086
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an apparatus and method for measuring biomedical data and a measurement strip. The apparatus includes a plurality of detection units arranged within a strip reception area on a plane and spaced apart from each other, a measurement type determination unit for determining whether reactive portions are present in areas of the measurement strip corresponding to the plurality of detection units based on detection results obtained by the detection units and determining a type of measurement based on results of the determination, a biomedical data measurement unit for activating part or all of the detection units according to the type of measurement determined by the measurement type determination unit, and measuring the biomedical data using the activated detection units, and an output unit for outputting the measured biomedical data to an outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Infopia Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Byeong-Woo Bae, Sung-Dong Lee, Byung-Hoon Kho, Ji-Eon Ryu, Jin-Kyeong Kim, Hyou-Arm Joung
  • Patent number: 8865459
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a nucleic acid analysis device for analysis of nucleic acid in a sample through fluorometry, in which a localized surface plasmon by light irradiation, and in which a nucleic acid probe or a nucleic acid synthase for the analysis of the nucleic acid in the sample is disposed in a region of generation of the surface plasmon. The present invention allows the fluorescence intensifying effect of the surface plasmon to be produced efficiently and also enables the immobilization of a DNA probe or the nucleic acid synthase in a region on which the fluorescence intensifying effect is exerted, thus making it possible to carry out a measurement on the base elongation reaction without having to remove the unreacted substrate with the fluorescent molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi High-Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Masatoshi Narahara, Toshiro Saito, Satoshi Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8859225
    Abstract: Systems and methods are provided for optically measuring ion concentrations in biological samples. The systems and methods employ polymer-based optical ion sensors that include ion-selective ionophores and a pH sensitive chromionophore. Electrodes are providing for electrically stimulating the biological samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel I. Harjes, Heather A. Clark
  • Patent number: 8859263
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to an apparatus for holding cells. The apparatus comprises a mechanism for incubating cells having a dynamically controlled environment in which the cells are grown, which are maintained in a desired condition and in which cells can be examined while the environment is dynamically controlled and maintained in the desired condition. The apparatus also comprises a mechanism for determining the state of the cells. The determining mechanism is in communication with the incubating mechanism. The present invention pertains to a method for holding cells. The method comprises the steps of incubating the cells in a dynamically controlled environment which is maintained in a desired condition and in which the cells can be examined while the environment is dynamically controlled and maintained in the desired condition. Additionally, there is the step of determining the state of the cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: University of Pittsburgh
    Inventors: Joel S. Greenberger, Paul A. DiMilla, Michael M. Domach, Raymond K. Houck
  • Patent number: 8845981
    Abstract: A device for volumetric metering a liquid biologic sample is provided. The device includes an initial chamber, a second chamber, a third chamber, a first valve, a second valve and a third valve. The chambers are each configured so that liquid sample disposed in the respective chamber is subject to capillary forces. Each chamber has a volume, and the volume of the initial chamber is greater than the volume of either the second or the third chambers. The valves each have a burst pressure. The burst pressure of the first valve is greater than the third burst pressure. The first valve is in fluid communication with the second chamber. The second valve is disposed between, and is in fluid communication with, the initial chamber and the third chamber. The third valve is in fluid communication with the third chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Abbott Point of Care, Inc.
    Inventor: Manav Mehta
  • Patent number: 8840774
    Abstract: Described herein is an apparatus comprising an electrochemical cell that employs a capacitive counter electrode and a faradaic working electrode. The capacitive counter electrode reduces the amount of redox products generated at the counter electrode while enabling the working electrode to generate redox products. The electrochemical cell is useful for controlling the redox products generated and/or the timing of the redox product generation. The electrochemical cell is useful in assay methods, including those using electrochemiluminescence. The electrochemical cell can be combined with additional hardware to form instrumentation for assay methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the University of Texas System
    Inventors: Allen J. Bard, Chong-Yang Liu
  • Patent number: 8809040
    Abstract: An apparatus and method are provided for differentiating multiple detectable signals by excitation wavelength. The apparatus can include a light source that can emit respective excitation light wavelengths or wavelength ranges towards a sample in a sample retaining region, for example, in a well. The sample can contain two or more detectable markers, for example, fluorescent dyes, each of which can be capable of generating increased detectable emissions when excited in the presence of a target component. The detectable markers can have excitation wavelength ranges and/or emission wavelength ranges that overlap with the ranges of the other detectable markers. A detector can be arranged for detecting an emission wavelength or wavelength range emitted from a first marker within the overlapping wavelength range of at least one of the other markers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Howard G. King, Steven J. Boege, Eugene F. Young, Mark F. Oldham
  • Patent number: 8796012
    Abstract: A technique for high sensitivity evanescent field molecular sensing employs a detection scheme that simultaneously couples a polarized beam to a single mode of a waveguide, and couples the polarized beam out of the waveguide to specularly reflect the beam by the same grating. Strong interaction with the single (preferably TM) mode is provided by using a silicon on insulator (SOI) wafer having a waveguide thickness chosen between 10-400 nm so that the majority of the mode field strength spans the evanescent field. Well known, robust techniques for producing a grating on the waveguide are provided. Interrogation from a backside of the SOI wafer is taught.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: National Research Council of Canada
    Inventors: Bill Sinclair, Jens Schmid, Philip Waldron, Dan-Xia Xu, Adam Densmore, Trevor Mischki, Greg Lopinski, Jean Lapointe, Daniel Poitras, Siegfried Janz
  • Patent number: 8784749
    Abstract: This invention provides a digital microfluidic manipulation device and a manipulation method thereof. This device comprises a PDMS membrane having a surface comprising a plurality of hydrophobic microstructures; a plurality of air chambers arranged in an array and placed under the PDMS membrane; and a plurality of air channels, each of which connects to a corresponding one of the plurality of air chambers. When a suction force is transmitted via one of the plurality of air channels to the corresponding air chamber, a portion of the PDMS membrane above the air chamber deforms toward the air chamber, so that the surface morphology and the contact angle of the liquid/solid interface of the surface comprising the plurality of hydrophobic microstructures are altered and thereby to drive droplets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: National Taiwan University
    Inventors: Jing-Tang Yang, Chao-Jyun Huang, Chih-Yu Hwang
  • Patent number: 8778279
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to microfluidic devices adapted for facilitating cytometry analysis of particles flowing therethrough. In certain embodiments, the microfluidic devices have onboard sterilization capabilities. In other embodiments, microfluidic devices have integral collection bags and methods for keeping the microfluidic channels clean.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignees: Sony Corporation, Sony Corporation of America
    Inventor: Gary P. Durack
  • Patent number: 8753872
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for assay of multiple analytes. The method uses a sensing element comprising a substrate upon which is arranged a multiplicity of recognition elements, such that each element is laid out in a predetermined pattern. Each pattern is unique in that it can give rise to a characteristic diffraction pattern in the assay. The patterns may or may not be interpenetrating on the substrate surface. The method of detecting multiple analytes includes contacting the medium of analytes with the patterned substrate, illuminating the substrate by a light source, and detecting any resultant diffraction image. The pattern of diffraction and the intensity of the diffracted signal provides information about the existence of specific analytes and their quantification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Axela Inc.
    Inventors: M. Cynthia Goh, Jane B. Goh, Richard Mcaloney, Richard Loo
  • Patent number: 8747779
    Abstract: A microfluidic cartridge including on-board dry reagents and microfluidic circuitry for determining a clinical analyte or analytes from a few microliters of liquid sample; with docking interface for use in a host workstation, the workstation including a pneumatic fluid controller and spectrophotometer for monitoring analytical reactions in the cartridge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Micronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Isaac Sprague, John E. Emswiler, C. Frederick Battrell, Joan Haab, Sean M. Pennell, Justin L. Kay, Zane B. Miller, Troy D. Daiber
  • Patent number: 8709356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to systems and methods for minimizing or eliminating diffusion effects. Diffused regions of a segmented flow of multiple, miscible fluid species may be vented off to a waste channel, and non-diffused regions of fluid may be preferentially pulled off the channel that contains the segmented flow. Multiple fluid samples that are not contaminated via diffusion may be collected for analysis and measurement in a single channel. The systems and methods for minimizing or eliminating diffusion effects may be used to minimize or eliminate diffusion effects in a microfluidic system for monitoring the amplification of DNA molecules and the dissociation behavior of the DNA molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Murphy, Scott Corey, Alex Flamm, Ben Lane, Conrad Laskowski, Chad Schneider
  • Patent number: 8702958
    Abstract: A method is provided for determining the presence or amount of an analyte in a sample and includes the steps of contacting a faradaic working electrode to a solution comprising the optionally pre-processed sample and an electrolyte, contacting a capacitive counter electrode to the solution, supplying electrical energy between the faradaic working electrode and the capacitive counter electrode sufficient to provide for faradaic charge transfer at the faradaic working electrode, and measuring at least one of (i) light, (ii) current, (iii) voltage, and (iv) charge to determine the presence or amount of the analyte in the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the University of Texas System
    Inventors: Allen J. Bard, Chong-Yang Liu
  • Patent number: 8703070
    Abstract: Apparatus for immunoassay includes: a cartridge, including at least one test unit; a pin-film assembly, having a second sealing film, a plurality of pierce mechanisms, and a first actuation unit; a plurality of magnetic particles; at least one first magnetic unit; and at least one second magnetic unit. The test unit includes a plurality of fluid chambers, a plurality of pin chambers, a microchannel structure, a buffer chamber, a detection chamber and a waste chamber. The first actuation unit drives the pierce mechanisms to enable a working fluid to flow into the detection chamber storing the magnetic particles. As the second magnetic unit has a magnetic force larger than that of the first magnetic unit and can move reciprocatingly between a third position and a fourth position, the magnetic particles are driven to move reciprocatingly inside the detection chamber, thereby fully mixing the magnetic particles with the working fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Shaw-Hwa Parng, Chih-Wen Yang, Yu-Yin Tsai, Yi-Chau Huang
  • Patent number: 8697008
    Abstract: A method and device for periodically perturbing the flow field within a microfluidic device to provide regular droplet formation at high speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Andrew Clarke, Nicholas J. Dartnell, Christopher B. Rider
  • Patent number: 8697435
    Abstract: A system for sample preparation and analyte detection includes a cartridge, with a fluidic channel, a waveguide, and a capture spot. The system further includes a force field generator, an imaging system, and a fluid, which includes a sample potentially containing a target analyte, first type particles, which include binding moieties specific for the target analyte and are responsive to a force field, and second type particles, which include binding moieties specific for the target analyte and are capable of generating a signal. When the sample contains the target analyte, specific binding interactions between the target analyte and binding moieties link first and second type particles via the target analyte to form multiple-particle complex capturable at a capture spot. The force field allows manipulation of the particles and multiple-particle complex such that the detected signal from the second type particles is indicative of the target analyte within the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: MBio Diagnostics, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Heil, Michael J. Lochhead, Kevin D. Moll, Christopher J. Myatt
  • Patent number: 8663922
    Abstract: To minimize cross talk in systems and methods for detecting two or more different optical signals emitted from each of a plurality of reaction receptacles, an excitation signal associated with each of the optical signals has a known excitation frequency, and any detected signal having a frequency that is inconsistent with the excitation frequency is discarded. The receptacles are moved relative to optical sensors configured to detect each unique optical signal from an associated receptacle, and to further minimize cross talk, the optical sensors are arranged so that only one reaction receptacle at a time is in a signal detecting position with respect to one of its associated optical sensors, and the optical sensors are grouped by the optical signal they are configured to detect so that a first optical signal is detected from each of the reaction receptacles before a second optical signal is detected from the reaction receptacles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Gen-Probe Incorporated
    Inventors: Matthew J. Hayes, Byron J. Knight, Haitao Li, Robert F. Scalese
  • Patent number: 8647859
    Abstract: An apparatus for analyzing bacteria is described that includes an analytic sample preparation section for preparing an analytic sample by treating a specimen so as to generate a morphological difference between Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive bacteria, a detector for detecting optical information from each particle contained in the analytic sample and an analyzing section for detecting Gram-positive bacteria contained on the basis of the detected optical information. A method for analyzing bacteria is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sysmex Corporation
    Inventor: Yasuyuki Kawashima
  • Patent number: 8642319
    Abstract: An optical-waveguide sensor chip includes an optical waveguide having a first substance immobilized on the surface thereof, the first substance being specifically reactive with an analyte substance, and fine particles dispersed on the optical waveguide and having a second substance immobilized on the surface thereof, the second substance being specifically reactive with the analyte substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Shingo Kasai, Ikuo Uematsu, Ichiro Tono, Tomohiro Takase, Isao Nawata, Kayoko Oomiya, Yuriko Oyama, Tsutomu Honjoh
  • Patent number: 8632966
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method and apparatus for detecting a biological molecule associated with enzyme activity in a sample. The invention is applicable to detecting a microorganism associated with an enzyme in a sample such as water, food, soil, or a biological sample. According to a preferred embodiment of the method of the invention, a sample containing an enzyme of interest or a microorganism associated with the enzyme is combined with a suitable substrate, and a fluorescent product of the enzyme-substrate reaction is selectively detected. The fluorescent product is detected with a partitioning element or optical probe/partitioning element of the invention. In one embodiment the partitioning element provides for partitioning of only the fluorescent product molecule into the probe. The invention also provides an automated system for monitoring for biological contamination of water or other samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Queen's University at Kingston
    Inventors: R. Stephen Brown, Samir P. Tabash, Igor S. Kozin, Eric J. P. Marcotte, Arthur N. Ley, Kevin R. Hall, Moe Hussain, Peter V. Hodson, Raymond J. Bowers, Robin A. Wynne-Edwards, John G. St. Marseille
  • Patent number: 8628729
    Abstract: Three-dimensional microfluidic devices including by a plurality of patterned porous, hydrophilic layers and a fluid-impermeable layer disposed between every two adjacent patterned porous, hydrophilic layers are described. Each patterned porous, hydrophilic layer has a fluid-impermeable barrier which substantially permeates the thickness of the porous, hydrophilic layer and defines boundaries of one or more hydrophilic regions within the patterned porous, hydrophilic layer. The fluid-impermeable layer has openings which are aligned with at least part of the hydrophilic region within at least one adjacent patterned porous, hydrophilic layer. Microfluidic assay device, microfluidic mixer, microfluidic flow control device are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: Emanuel Carrilho, Andres W. Martinez, Katherine A. Mirica, Scott T. Phillips, Adam C. Siegel, Benjamin Wiley, George M. Whitesides
  • Patent number: 8623639
    Abstract: The present invention relates to functional, modified glucose-galactose binding proteins (GGBPs), that have a greater melting temperature (Tm) than a reference GGBP. The present invention also relates to biological sensors, e.g., glucose sensors, comprising these thermostable GGBPs. The present invention also relates to nucleic acids encoding these thermostable GGBPs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Becton, Dickinson and Company
    Inventors: Terry J. Amiss, Erin M. Gill, Douglas B. Sherman
  • Patent number: 8603806
    Abstract: The methods generally relate to three-dimensional culturing of cells with the steps of seeding a cell support structure in a device with at least one vessel for cell culture having a bottom, at least one wall and a cell support structure for three-dimensional cell culture. The cell support structure is inside the at least one vessel and the device is configured such that assays can be performed. Devices for performing cell culture and assays are also provided. It will be understood that the devices can have many different suitable configurations. In general, the devices are selected such that they can be used with suitable radiation based assays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: The Ohio State Universtiy Research Foundation
    Inventors: Shang-Tian Yang, Xudong Zhang, Yuan Wen
  • Patent number: 8580578
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided for detecting biomolecular interactions. The use of labels is not required and the methods can be performed in a high-throughput manner. The invention also provides optical devices useful as narrow band filters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: X-Body, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian T. Cunningham, Jane Pepper, Bo Lin, Peter Li, Homer Pien, Jean Qiu
  • Patent number: 8563328
    Abstract: A method for biosensing that includes passing, via convective flow, a sample believed to contain one or more target biomarkers through a microfluidic channel and over the surface of an optical waveguide that has been prepared to bind the one or more target biomarkers, and sensing for an emission output from the optical waveguide at a wavelength that is characteristic of the binding of the target biomarker. A biosensor device that includes a module defining at least one microfluidic channel, an optical waveguide exposed along at least a portion of its length to fluid flow within the microfluidic channel, where a surface of the optical waveguide being prepared to bind a target biomarker, and an excitation source to couple an excitation wavelength of light into the optical waveguide. The device also includes a sensor for detecting emission light from the optical waveguide at an emission wavelength characteristic of binding of the target biomarker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: University of Louisville Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Kyung Aih Kang, Chong H. Ahn
  • Patent number: 8557569
    Abstract: An optical instrument is provided for simultaneously illuminating two or more spaced-apart reaction regions with excitation beams generated by a light source. The light source can include an area light array of light emitting diodes, one or more solid state lasers, one or more micro-wire lasers, or a combination thereof. According to various embodiments, a Fresnel lens can be disposed along a beam bath between the light source and the reaction regions. Methods of analysis using the optical instrument are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Steven J. Boege, Howard G. King, Eugene F. Young, Johannes P. Sluis, Mark F. Oldham
  • Patent number: 8551786
    Abstract: Systems and methods for enhancing fluorescent detection of target molecules in a test sample are for use with an irradiating device. First fluorophores are provided for absorption of EMF radiation, and emission of a first signal. Second fluorophores are provided for partial absorption of the first signal, and emission of a second signal distinguishable from the first signal. The fluorophores are combined with the test sample, and secured to the target molecules and relative to one another. After the first fluorophores receive the EMF radiation from the irradiating device, the first signal is detected, together with the second spectral signal if the target molecules are present in the test sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: FIO Corporation
    Inventors: Warren Che Wor Chan, Travis Leon Jennings, Jesse M. Klostranec
  • Patent number: 8535876
    Abstract: A laser-micro-dissection method and a device for laser micro-dissection involves cutting a dissectate from a biological sample, which is applied to a planar carrier, by means of laser pulses along a closed cutting line. The parameters, which determine the laser pulses and the cut lines, are synchronous in relation to the laser pulses and are continually modified along the closed cut line. All elements which are arranged in the optical axis and which determine the parameters of the laser pulse and the cut lines, are controlled by a central calculation unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Leica Microsystems CMS GmbH
    Inventor: Joachim Wesner
  • Patent number: 8518709
    Abstract: In a method for regenerating a biosensor, a biosensor is prepared having a substrate surface on which at least one receptor is immobilized. At least one ligand that is binding specific to the receptor is bound to the receptor, said ligand, together with the receptor, forming a ligand-receptor complex. To regenerate the biosensor, the ligand-receptor complex is brought into contact with an enzyme. The enzyme is selected so that it catalyzes the ligand into fragments. The enzyme is inert with respect to the receptor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Endress+Hauser Conducta Gesellschaft fuer Mess-und Regeltechnik mbH+Co. KG
    Inventors: Sonja Bednar, Johannes Baader, Holger Klapproth, Ingo Freund
  • Patent number: 8501461
    Abstract: An automated analyzer for performing multiple diagnostic assays simultaneously includes multiple stations in which discrete aspects of the assay are performed on fluid samples contained in sample vessels. The analyzer includes stations for automatically preparing a sample, incubating the sample, preforming an analyte isolation procedure, ascertaining the presence of a target analyte, and analyzing the amount of a target analyte. An automated receptacle transporting system moves the sample vessels from one station to the next. A method for performing an automated diagnostic assay includes an automated process for isolating and amplifying a target analyte, and, in one embodiment, a method for real-time monitoring of the amplification process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Gen-Probe Incorporated
    Inventors: Byron J. Knight, Haitao Li
  • Patent number: 8492139
    Abstract: This invention relates to a detection system for measuring a fluorescent signal in a fluorescent assay. The system comprises a probe having a small sensing surface bound with a fluorescent label, and a light source and a detector both mounted at the proximal side of the sensing surface of the substrate. The invention also relates to a method for detecting an analyte in a liquid sample using a probe tip having a small surface area (?5 mm) and a high molecular weight polymer (?1 MD) having multiple binding molecules and multiple fluorescent labels. The binding reaction is accelerated by flowing the reaction solutions laterally and moving the probe tip up and down in the reaction vessels. The invention furthers relates to a fluorescent labeling composition comprising a cross-linked FICOLL® molecule having a plurality of binding molecules and a plurality of fluorescent labels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Access Medical Systems, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hong Tan, Robert F. Zuk, Yushan Tan, Erhua Cao, Min Xia, Jun Chen
  • Patent number: 8492138
    Abstract: An optical instrument is provided for simultaneously illuminating two or more spaced-apart reaction regions with excitation beams generated by a light source. The light source can include an area light array of light emitting diodes, one or more solid state lasers, one or more micro-wire lasers, or a combination thereof. According to various embodiments, a Fresnel lens can be disposed along a beam bath between the light source and the reaction regions. Methods of analysis using the optical instrument are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Steven J. Boege, Howard G. King, Eugene F. Young, Johannes P. Sluis, Mark F. Oldham
  • Patent number: 8476007
    Abstract: A biosensor having an optical fiber having at least one curved portion configured to enhance penetration of evanescent waves; and one or more nanoparticles associated with the optical fiber, and configured to enhance localized surface plasmon resonance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
    Inventors: Vemulakonda Venkata Raghavendra Sai, Soumyo Mukherji, Tapanendu Kundu
  • Patent number: 8465968
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a label-free biosensor system, a method for manufacturing said label-free biosensor system, its use for detecting biochemical reactions and/or bindings, enzymatic reactions, nucleic acid hybridizations, protein-protein interactions and protein-ligand interactions, as well as an assay method for detecting and/or quantifying an analyte of interest in a biological sample which comprises detecting the Recognition Induced Birefringence (RIB) generated in the presence as opposed to the absence of said analyte by bringing said sample into contact with said label-free biosensor system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: DWI an der RWTH Aachen e.V.
    Inventors: Jürgen Groll, Martin Möller, Matthias Eberhardt
  • Patent number: 8450104
    Abstract: Apparatus for detecting biological or chemical components in liquid or gas is based on measuring changes of the sensor layer thickness due to binding reactions. A plate or a gap with two surfaces of a solid optical material is used as the sensor layer. The surfaces are located at a distance of more than 10 ?m, which allows pumping liquids through the gap at moderate pressure drops and investigating large biological objects (e.g., cells), or employment of affordable plates that are rigid enough without any substrate. The indicated thickness of the plate or the gap permits using of the superluminescent diodes as light sources, because it allows recording within their narrow spectrum a sufficient number of interference maxima and minima for precise registration of molecular binding reactions, which lead to much higher sensitivity of the apparatus as compared with apparatus based on thin-film sensor layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Inventors: Petr Ivanovich Nikitin, Boris Georgievich Gorshkov
  • Patent number: 8377686
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method and apparatus for detecting a biological molecule associated with enzyme activity in a sample. The invention is applicable to detecting a microorganism associated with an enzyme in a sample such as water, food, soil, or a biological sample. According to a preferred embodiment of the method of the invention, a sample containing an enzyme of interest or a microorganism associated with the enzyme is combined with a suitable substrate, and a fluorescent product of the enzyme-substrate reaction is selectively detected. The fluorescent product is detected with a partitioning element or optical probe/partitioning element of the invention. In one embodiment the partitioning element provides for partitioning of only the fluorescent product molecule into the probe. The invention also provides an automated system for monitoring for biological contamination of water or other samples.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Inventors: R. Stephen Brown, Samir P. Tabash, Igor S. Kozin, Eric J. P. Marcotte, Arthur N. Ley, Kevin R. Hall, Moe Hussain, Peter V. Hodson, Raymond J. Bowers, Robin A. Wynne-Edwards, John G. St. Marseille
  • Patent number: 8361785
    Abstract: An instrument is provided that can monitor nucleic acid sequence amplification reactions, for example, PCR amplification of DNA and DNA fragments. The instrument includes a multi-notch filter disposed along one or both of an excitation beam path and an emission beam path. Methods are also provided for monitoring nucleic acid sequence amplifications using an instrument that includes a multi-notch filter disposed along a beam path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, LLC
    Inventors: Mark F. Oldham, Eugene F. Young
  • Patent number: 8304231
    Abstract: The invention relates to a bioreactor, comprising a reactor vessel (2) with a housing support (20,20a), extending into the vessel interior (14), with a medium seal against the vessel interior (14) with a transparent sensor piece (34,34a) and an indicator tile (38,38a), arranged in the vessel interior (14), in contact with the vessel contents, which may be scanned by a fiber optic which may itself be introduced into the housing support (20,20a) and connected to a display device (24). In order that the reactor may be embodied as a bag, the housing support (20,20a) is arranged on the upper side of the reactor bag and provided with a flange piece (26) tightly sealed to the vessel wall (28). The flange piece is connected to the sensor piece (34,34a) by means of a preferably tubular connector piece (32,23a), whereby the length of the connector piece is such that the sensor piece (34,34a) permanently reaches into the reactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Sartorius Stedim Switzerland AG
    Inventor: Marcel Röll
  • Patent number: 8298780
    Abstract: Methods are provided to detect changes in cells without the use of detection labels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: X-Body, Inc.
    Inventors: Rick Wagner, Rafael Fernandez, Brian T. Cunningham, Lance Laing