Candle Composition Patents (Class 44/275)
  • Patent number: 9397247
    Abstract: Provided is a sealing film for a solar battery which has excellent light resistance and heat resistance by preventing yellowing due to the influence of light or heat. The sealing film for a solar battery, in which 0.05-10 parts by weight of a hindered amine compound having a substructure represented by the following general formula (I): (wherein R1, R2, R3, and R4 each independently represent C1-C4 lower alkyl; and R represents hydrogen, C1-C18 straight- or branched-chain alkyl which may be substituted by hydroxy, or C5-C8 cycloalkyl) based on 100 parts by weight of an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer is blended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: ADEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michio Nakamura, Yoshinori Negishi
  • Patent number: 9302976
    Abstract: A method for producing an ester polyol, comprising transesterifying a first ester polyol with a primary polyol to produce a second ester polyol, wherein the second ester polyol has a higher hydroxyl value than the first ester polyol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: Petroliam Nasional Berhad
    Inventors: Herman Paul Benecke, Daniel B. Garbark
  • Patent number: 9034059
    Abstract: A wax composition comprising various waxes and an organically modified polysiloxane (OMP). These materials are mixed and melted into a homogenous liquid state creating a molten blend. It is preferred that the slip agent be added to the blend at least 0.25 percent by weight, and more preferably at 0.50 percent by weight. By mixing OMP with known candle and wax potpourri waxes, the wax becomes much easier to remove from the wax container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: The Yankee Candle Company, Inc.
    Inventor: John E. Cagle
  • Patent number: 8999010
    Abstract: The present invention relates to transparent gel candle bases that may be used as a base material of transparent candles, to the transparent candles made therefrom, and to methods of making such candle bases and candles. The transparent gel candle bases of the present invention include a hydrocarbon oil and a gelling agent comprising dibutyl lauroyl glutamide and dibutyl ethylhexanoyl glutamide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Firmenich SA
    Inventor: Gerald Allison
  • Patent number: 8939758
    Abstract: Candle compositions are disclosed which include a high concentration of liquid oils, yet are solid due the incorporation of wax-monoesters; thereby enhancing the scope, quality and functionality of candles. The wax-monoesters may be obtained from natural plant based waxes, including rice bran wax. Candles based on the candle compositions and methods of making the compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Global Agritech, Inc.
    Inventor: Dharma R. Kodali
  • Publication number: 20140366430
    Abstract: A decorative molded candle and method of making the candle is disclosed in which coloring agents are limited to the outer peripheral surface of the candle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2013
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: RAREEARTH, LLC
    Inventors: Sherri L. Jobelius, Brian T. Paulsen
  • Patent number: 8911515
    Abstract: A wax comprises a metathesis product and/or a product that resembles, at least in part, a product which may be formed from a metathesis reaction. The wax may be used to form articles for example, candles (container candles, votive candles, and/or a pillar candles), crayons, fire logs or tarts. The wax commonly includes other components in addition to the metathesis product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Timothy W. Abraham, Andy Shafer
  • Patent number: 8894409
    Abstract: The present invention provides, inter alia, a colored flame candle. This colored flame candle contains: a wick, a body of solid combustible material surrounding the wick except a tip portion of the wick, and a first encapsulated color agent adapted to color a flame of the candle, which color agent is dispersed within the solid combustible material and/or on the wick. Also provided is a wick for a colored flame candle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: La Torre Innovation LLC
    Inventors: Justin S. La Torre, John D. Blizzard
  • Patent number: 8876918
    Abstract: Bio-based wax compositions contain at least one of the following components: epoxides of non-hydrogenated vegetable oils, epoxides of fatty acid esters. epoxides of tall oil fatty acid esters, chemically modified epoxides of non-hydrogenated vegetable oils, chemically modified epoxides of fatty acid esters, and chemically modified epoxides of tall oil fatty acid esters. The wax compositions can be used to produce candle sticks, container candles and/or composite materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Galata Chemicals, LLC
    Inventors: Andrew J. Clock, Steven McKeown, Eric Wisnefsky, Peter Frenkel
  • Patent number: 8876919
    Abstract: Lipid-based wax compositions and their methods of making are provided for compositions substantially free of fat bloom. The compositions comprise approximately 7-80 percent by weight triacylglycerides and approximately 20-93 percent by weight monoacylglycerides and diacylglycerides combined. The methods comprise blending the monoacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, and triacylglycerides in the lipid-based wax composition by heating the lipid-based wax composition at a sufficiently high temperature to destroy substantially all crystal structure within the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise pouring the lipid-based wax composition into a mold or a container having a surface and a core, wherein the pouring is conducted at a temperature at least 15° C. greater than the congeal point of the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise cooling the lipid-based wax composition under conditions sufficient to cool the core to at least 5° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. DiMaio, R. Trenton Bostic, Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Baris Kokouz, Stephen Hudson
  • Publication number: 20140290126
    Abstract: This invention pertains to candle wax and a method for making candle wax. The candle wax comprises a candle wax base mixture and a polymer wherein the polymer comprises units of the formula (I) wherein X is an alkyl, alkenyl, alkyl maleic anhydride or alkylene-imine; Y is selected from the group consisting of —O—, —S—, —NH—, —NCH2—, —NCH2CH2—, —COO— of which either the carbon or the oxygen group is bound to X, —C(?O)NH, trialkoxysilane, preferably trimethoxysilane or triethoxysilane, benzyl, amide group; Z is H or a C1-C40 alkyl group or a C1-C40 alkenyl group; n is a positive integer, preferably is n>3; if Y is —COO—, then the polymer is a copolymer comprising at least two different units, and if Z is H or a methyl or ethyl, than the polymer is a copolymer comprising at least one unit comprising a C3-C40 alkyl group or C3-C40 alkenyl group.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Niels Van Opstal, Geert Deroover
  • Publication number: 20140230314
    Abstract: A wax composition is disclosed, comprising a hydrogenated natural oil with (i) at least about 50 wt % of a triacylglycerol component having a fatty acid composition from about 14 to about 25 wt % C16:0 fatty acid, about 45 to about 60 wt % C18:1 fatty acid and about 20 to about 30 wt % C18:0 fatty acid, (ii) a nickel content of less than 1 ppm, and (iii) a melt point of about 49° C. to about 57° C. The hydrogenated natural oil is filtered and/or bleached to obtain a nickel content of less than 0.5 ppm. A candle is also disclosed, comprising a wick and the above described wax.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: ELEVANCE RENEWABLE SCIENCES, INC.
    Inventors: Timothy A. MURPHY, James Thomas GROCE
  • Publication number: 20140144069
    Abstract: A wax comprises a metathesis product and/or a product that resembles, at least in part, a product which may be formed from a metathesis reaction. The wax may be used to form articles for example, candles (container candles, votive candles, and/or a pillar candles), crayons, fire logs or tarts. The wax commonly includes other components in addition to the metathesis product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2014
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Timothy W. Abraham, Andy Shafer
  • Patent number: 8685118
    Abstract: A wax comprises a metathesis product and/or a product that resembles, at least in part, a product which may be formed from a metathesis reaction. The wax may be used to form articles, for example, candles (container candles, votive candles, and/or a pillar candles), crayons, fire logs, or tarts. The wax commonly includes other components in addition to the metathesis product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Timothy W. Abraham, Andy Shafer
  • Patent number: 8651855
    Abstract: A candle includes a vessel of some volume containing some smaller volume of at least one variety of wax beads, having a diameter of less than or equal to 2.35 millimeters and in most embodiments also including a particular fragrance and color pigment. The was beads topped with a solid wax topping. The solid wax topping may cover the entire exposed surface of the candle, holding the wax beads in place during shipping and use and holding the wick in a centralized location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: The Yankee Candle Company, Inc.
    Inventors: John E. Cagle, Hope M. Klein, Lauren O'Hara
  • Patent number: 8652221
    Abstract: A hybrid wax compositions that are suitable for use in manufacturing wax articles (e.g., candles) by compression molding. The combination of a hydrogenated natural oil-based wax and a paraffin wax having a select distribution of hydrocarbon chain lengths provides the hybrid wax compositions with improved properties, such as improved compressive strength and improved de-molding characteristics, for example, as evidenced by reducing scarring and/or flashing. The hybrid wax compositions comprise: (a) a wax comprising a hydrogenated natural oil; and (b) a paraffin wax, wherein the paraffin wax comprises less than about 50% by weight of the hybrid wax composition, and wherein about 52% or greater of hydrocarbons in the paraffin wax have carbon chain lengths ranging from C25 to C29.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin D. Uptain, Scott Walters, John M. Zupfer, Timothy A. Murphy, Clive P. Bosnyak, David E. Henton, Steve Russell, Michael J. Tupy
  • Patent number: 8617855
    Abstract: A method for producing starting materials or additives for cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and/or hydrocarbon-based fuels, especially for heating systems or internal combustion engines, takes organic residues or waste materials and decontaminates or sterilizes them with a hydrogenation process. In particular, the materials classified as K1, K2 or K3 according to EU Directive 1774/2002 are used for generating or producing the cited starting materials or additives, whereby an adequate decontamination of the residues or waste materials that are classified as being hazardous to health is ensured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventor: Dieter Tischendorf
  • Patent number: 8603197
    Abstract: Described are morphology stable wax compositions comprising the (trans)esterification product of a wax-forming composition comprising: (a) a triglyceride stock, a fatty acid stock, or a mixture thereof; and (b) a glycerol-based composition comprising glycerol, polyglycerol, or a mixture thereof. Methods of making the waxes are also described. The wax compositions may be used in candles, stack waxes, jell candles, cosmetics, food coatings, adhesives, board manufacturing (e.g., particle board and oriented strand board), urethane foams or coatings, alkyd coatings, coating formulation additives, printing additives, polymer processing agents, extrusion processing aids, polymer plasticizers, mold releases, polishes, and stick markers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel Wayne Lemke, Michael C. Thiede
  • Patent number: 8551195
    Abstract: A composition and method is disclosed for a wickless semi-liquid candle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Inventors: Robby Craig Mitchell, Lesinee Mitchell
  • Patent number: 8551194
    Abstract: A candle and process for making it are disclosed. The candle comprises prilled wax particles, comprising hydrogenated natural oil and wherein at least 75% of the prilled wax particles are less than 800 ?m in diameter. The candle includes a compressed core and a thermally fused outer layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin D. Uptain, Timothy A. Murphy, Scott Walters, John M. Zupfer
  • Patent number: 8551196
    Abstract: A dispensing formulation for use in combination with an indirect heating source. In the preferred embodiment the dispensing formulation includes an additive such as a fragrance or a therapeutic compound, a hydrocarbon oil, having a flash point below 400° F. (generally between 330-400° F., most preferably between 330-355° F.) and a mixture of commercially available triblock polymers, such as Kraton® and Septon®.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Inventor: Ajay Chadha
  • Publication number: 20130230476
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a fragrance composition comprising a mixture of diastereomers of 2-isobutyl-4-methyl-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ol, which comprises more than 95 wt. % of the optically inactive cis-racemate and less than 5 wt. % of the optically inactive trans-racemate. The present invention further relates to a method for producing a perfumed product or article as well as perfumed or aromatized articles comprising the fragrance compositions of the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2011
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Ralf Pelzer, Wolfgang Krause, Karl Beck, Francis Bocris
  • Patent number: 8500826
    Abstract: Lipid-based wax compositions and their methods of making are provided for compositions substantially free of fat bloom. The compositions comprise approximately 7-80 percent by weight triacylglycerides and approximately 20-93 percent by weight monoacylglycerides and diacylglycerides combined. The methods comprise blending the monoacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, and triacylglycerides in the lipid-based wax composition by heating the lipid-based wax composition at a sufficiently high temperature to destroy substantially all crystal structure within the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise pouring the lipid-based wax composition into a mold or a container having a surface and a core, wherein the pouring is conducted at a temperature at least 15° C. greater than the congeal point of the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise cooling the lipid-based wax composition under conditions sufficient to cool the core to at least 5° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. DiMaio, R. Trenton Bostic, Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Baris Kokouz, Stephen Hudson
  • Patent number: 8404003
    Abstract: The present invention is a candle composition containing a vegetable lipid base component and a candle formed from the composition. The candle composition may contain up to 100 percent by weight of a vegetable lipid base component. The candle composition may further contain a plant derived crystal modifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Indiana Soybean Board, Inc.
    Inventors: Bernard Tao, Amy Hutchison
  • Publication number: 20130067799
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein describe method of producing hydrogenated products, the method that includes providing a wax and an oil; processing the wax and the oil with a gas under high shear conditions to form a high shear product; and hydrogenating the high shear product to produce hydrogenated products. The wax may be a petroleum wax comprising alkane hydrocarbons with formula CnH2n+2, wherein n=20-40.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: H R D Corporation
    Inventor: H R D Corporation
  • Publication number: 20130071799
    Abstract: This disclosure concerns methods for manufacturing candles using a high-purity stearin that may be produced from certain hydrogenated sunflower oils without requiring the separation of stearin from other fatty acids in the hydrogenated oil. This disclosure also concerns candles made by the foregoing manufacturing process, which candles may be of higher quality and cheaper to manufacture than conventional candles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: DOW AGROSCIENCES LLC
    Inventor: Dow AgroSciences LLC
  • Publication number: 20120259024
    Abstract: A pod for processing used cooking oils is disclosed that allows a higher energy efficiency of the process and better quality of the final result obtained, in view of different possible uses. This increase in terms of energy efficiency makes it possible to use an apparatus of the domestic appliance type, for processing a given quantity of used cooking oils together with the processing pod according to the invention. Providing the user with the possibility of opting among different combinations of functional substances provided in a main structure and in a secondary structure of the processing pod should, together with the possibility of using an apparatus of domestic use, allow the valorization of used cooking oils directly at the point of consumption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Inventor: Americo Arnoni Junior
  • Publication number: 20120230925
    Abstract: Disclosed is the use of benzotropolone derivatives of formula (1), wherein R1, R2 and R7 independently from each other are hydrogen; C1-C3alkyl; or COR8; R3 is hydrogen; or COOR9 R4 is hydrogen; or C1-C3alkyl; R5 is hydrogen; hydroxy; C1-C3-alkoxy; or -0-(CO)—R10; R6 is hydrogen; C1-C3alkyl; or COR8; or R5 and R6 together may form a five or six membered ring; or R6 and R7 together form a five or six membered ring; and R8, R9, R10 independently of each other are C1-C30alkyl; for protecting body-care and household products from photolytic and oxidative degradation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 5, 2010
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Barbara Wagner, Oliver Reich, Alexander Mantler, Reinhold Öhrlein, Walter Fischer, Albert Schneider
  • Publication number: 20120222347
    Abstract: Bio-based wax compositions contain at least one of the following components: epoxides of non-hydrogenated vegetable oils, epoxides of fatty acid esters. epoxides of tall oil fatty acid esters, chemically modified epoxides of non-hydrogenated vegetable oils, chemically modified epoxides of fatty acid esters, and chemically modified epoxides of tall oil fatty acid esters. The wax compositions can be used to produce candle sticks, container candles and/or composite materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 1, 2010
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Applicant: GALATA CHEMICALS ,LLC.
    Inventors: Andrew J. Clock, Steven McKeown, Eric Wisnefsky, Peter Frenkel
  • Publication number: 20120216446
    Abstract: Bio-based wax compositions contain at least one non-hydrogenated epoxy product and at least one wax component containing insect wax. The wax compositions can be used to produce candle compositions such as free-standing candles and container candles, and/or composite materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Publication date: August 30, 2012
    Applicant: Galata Chemicals, LLC
    Inventors: Peter Frenkel, Eric Wisnefsky, Andrew J. Clock
  • Patent number: 8202329
    Abstract: A triacylglycerol-based wax, which can be used in candle making, is provided. The triacylglycerol-based material is predominantly includes a triacylglycerol stock which has a fatty acid profile has no more than about 25 wt. % fatty acids having less than 18 carbon atoms. In addition, the fatty acid profile of the triacylglycerol typically includes at least about 50 wt. % 18:1 fatty acid and no more than about 25 wt. % 18:0 fatty acid. In another embodiment, the triacylglycerol-based material is characterized in part by an Iodine Value of about 60 to about 75. For applications such as candles, the wax commonly includes a hydrogenated vegetable oil and palmitic acid. Candles formed from triacylglycerol-based material and methods of producing the candles are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Melinda Kae Doucette, Nathaniel C. House, III, Michael L. Richards
  • Publication number: 20120148965
    Abstract: The present invention relates to transparent gel candle bases that may be used as a base material of transparent candles, to the transparent candles made therefrom, and to methods of making such candle bases and candles. The transparent gel candle bases of the present invention include a hydrocarbon oil and a gelling agent comprising dibutyl lauroyl glutamide and dibutyl ethylhexanoyl glutamide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicant: FIRMENICH SA
    Inventor: Gerald Allison
  • Publication number: 20120124892
    Abstract: Lipid-based wax compositions and their methods of making are provided for compositions substantially free of fat bloom. The compositions comprise 0.1-10 percent by weight triacylglycerides, 30-95 percent by weight monoacylglycerides and diacylglycerides combined, and 0.1-65 percent by weight fatty acids. The methods comprise blending the monoacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, triacylglycerides, and fatty acids by heating the lipid-based wax composition at a sufficiently high temperature to destroy substantially all crystal structure within the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise pouring the lipid-based wax composition into a mold or a container having a surface and a core, wherein the pouring is conducted at a temperature at least 15° C. greater than the congeal point of the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise cooling the lipid-based wax composition under conditions sufficient to cool the core to at least 5° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Stephen E. Russell
  • Publication number: 20120114719
    Abstract: The present invention provides a topical formulation and method of use where the formulation comprises macqui berry or a macqui berry extract containing anthocyanins having a very high oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). The formulation provides the macqui berry in a stabilized form which includes a glucuronide or glycuronide, a photostabilizing agent, encapsulation, or light- and/or air-blocking packaging.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: TRACIE MARTYN INTERNATIONAL, LLC
    Inventor: Marius Morariu
  • Publication number: 20120110895
    Abstract: The present invention is a candle composition containing a vegetable lipid base component and a candle formed from the composition. The candle composition may contain up to 100 percent by weight of a vegetable lipid base component. The candle composition may further contain a plant derived crystal modifier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2012
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Inventors: Bernard Tao, Amy Hutchison
  • Patent number: 8157873
    Abstract: The present lipid-based wax compositions commonly include a polyol fatty acid ester component (made up of partial and/or completely esterified polyols). Generally, at least a portion of the polyol fatty acid ester has been subjected to a transesterification reaction. Lipid-based wax compositions having a melting point of about 48° C. to about 75° C. can be particularly advantageous for use in forming candles. The wax may contain other components such as mineral wax, plant wax, insect wax, and/or other components. The polyol fatty acid ester component can include triacylglycerols such as those derived from plant oils (soybean oil, palm oil, etc.). The polyol ester component may be characterized based on one or more of its physical characteristics, such as SFI-40, SFI-10, typical crystal structure, IV, melting curve, and/or other properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Michael D. Shepherd
  • Patent number: 8137418
    Abstract: The present invention is a candle composition containing a vegetable lipid base component and a candle formed from the composition. The candle composition may contain up to 100 percent by weight of a vegetable lipid base component. The candle composition may further contain a plant derived crystal modifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Indiana Soybean Alliance
    Inventors: Bernard Tao, Amy Hutchison
  • Publication number: 20120015312
    Abstract: Candle compositions are disclosed which include a high concentration of liquid oils, yet are solid due the incorporation of wax-monoesters; thereby enhancing the scope, quality and functionality of candles. The wax-monoesters may be obtained from natural plant based waxes, including rice bran wax. Candles based on the candle compositions and methods of making the compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Publication date: January 19, 2012
    Inventor: Dharma R. Kodali
  • Publication number: 20110296741
    Abstract: A biodiesel candle formed of a wick and a fuel composition having at least one fatty acid methyl ester, at least one antioxidant, and at least one chelating agent. The biodiesel candle may further include at least one monobasic ester, at least one secondary alcohol, and/or at least one additional fuel, such as mineral oil. The resulting candle features a reduced production of incombustible free radical polymers during use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Inventors: Kari HEABERLIN, Duwaine Edward DORRIES, Jarrod KUHN, Ron RILEY, Richard Eugene MILLER
  • Patent number: 8070834
    Abstract: The present invention is a candle composition containing a vegetable lipid base component and a candle formed from the composition. The candle composition may contain up to 100 percent by weight of a vegetable lipid base component. The candle composition may further contain a plant derived crystal modifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Indiana Soybean Board, Inc.
    Inventors: Bernard Tao, Amy Hutchison
  • Patent number: 8070833
    Abstract: A triacylglycerol-based wax includes a triacylglycerol component and a polyol fatty acid partial ester component. The triacylglycerol-based wax may have a melting point of about 54° C. to 63° C., may have an Iodine Value of about 20 to 40, and may have a fatty acid profile including about 50 to 70 wt. % saturated fatty acids. The wax may be suitable for use as a candle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventor: Timothy A. Murphy
  • Publication number: 20110274643
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a fragrant formulation comprising a fragrant composition, and an alkyl ketal ester. Disclosed herein too are methods for manufacturing the fragrant formulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2011
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Applicant: SEGETIS, INC.
    Inventor: Dorie J. Yontz
  • Patent number: 8021443
    Abstract: Wax compositions that have a high triacylglycerol content are provided. The wax compositions can be used to produce candle and are particularly useful in the production of container candles. The wax compositions commonly have a melting point of about 50° C. to 57° C. and include a triacylglycerol component, which has a fatty acid composition including about 14 to 25 wt. % 16:0 fatty acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Robert E. Wainwright
  • Publication number: 20110219667
    Abstract: Lipid-based wax compositions and their methods of making are provided for compositions substantially free of fat bloom. The compositions comprise approximately 7-80 percent by weight triacylglycerides and approximately 20-93 percent by weight monoacylglycerides and diacylglycerides combined. The methods comprise blending the monoacylglycerides, diacylglycerides, and triacylglycerides in the lipid-based wax composition by heating the lipid-based wax composition at a sufficiently high temperature to destroy substantially all crystal structure within the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise pouring the lipid-based wax composition into a mold or a container having a surface and a core, wherein the pouring is conducted at a temperature at least 15° C. greater than the congeal point of the lipid-based wax composition. The methods further comprise cooling the lipid-based wax composition under conditions sufficient to cool the core to at least 5° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2011
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Inventors: Jeffrey R. DiMaio, R. Trenton Bostic, Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Baris Kokouz, Stephen Hudson
  • Publication number: 20110213040
    Abstract: A method of producing volatilized fatty acids by heating a feedstock comprising at least one fat or oil in a reactor under inert vacuum to volatilize fatty acids, and removing volatilized fatty acids from bottoms residue comprising cross-linked oil. A system for stripping fatty acids from triglycerides, the system comprising a reactor, heating apparatus and a vacuum pump capable of pulling a vacuum in the range of from 1 kPa to 50 kPa on the reactor. A system for producing a hydrogenated product including a reactor comprising an inlet for a stream comprising triglycerides, an outlet for volatilized fatty acids, and an outlet for a cross-linked product, heating apparatus, a vacuum pump capable of pulling a vacuum in the range of from 1 kPa to 50 kPa on the reactor, and a hydrogenation reactor, wherein an inlet of the hydrogenation reactor is fluidly connected to the outlet for cross-linked product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2011
    Publication date: September 1, 2011
    Applicant: H R D Corporation
    Inventors: Abbas Hassan, Ebrahim Bagherzadeh, Rayford G. Anthony, Gregory Borsinger, Aziz Hassan
  • Patent number: 7959689
    Abstract: A scented candle includes at least two different wax materials with one of the materials having one melting point and at least one of the other wax materials having a second higher melting point. The wax having the higher melting point may include a malodor control agent or odor abatement substance or alternatively a fragrance that is different than the fragrance in the other wax materials in the candle. The second fragrance may also be at a much higher concentration than the fragrances in the other wax materials contained in the candle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: The Yankee Candle Company, Inc.
    Inventor: John Cagle
  • Patent number: 7955429
    Abstract: The use of an effective amount of trans-4-tertbutyl-1-phenylcyclohexanol in waxes to increase the melting point, softening temperature, as well of other properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Applied Colloids, Inc.
    Inventor: Gary A. Pozarnsky
  • Publication number: 20110127181
    Abstract: A composition and method is disclosed for a wickless semi-liquid candle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Inventors: ROBBY CRAIG MITCHELL, Lesinee Mitchell
  • Patent number: 7878796
    Abstract: A candle flame candle which is constructed of a center wick and a body of wax surrounding the center wick except a tip portion of wick wherein the wick is impregnated with at least one of a coloring agent and a color enhancer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: La Torre Innovations LLC
    Inventor: Justin S. La Torre
  • Publication number: 20100307049
    Abstract: A liquid fuel for a colored flame can be filled in containers of various shapes to make various artworks which can produce a colored flame when burning. The liquid fuel for a colored flame comprises a flame-coloring ingredient and a main combustible ingredient that are mixed during a heating process. The flame-coloring ingredient is made by mixing a chromogenic agent selected from a group consisting of metal chloride, metal bromide and boric acid with the water and the glycerin or with the water, the glycerin and the ethyl alcohol in a specific weight ratio. The main combustible ingredient is made by mixing the glycerin, the water and alcohol compounds in a specific weight ratio. Hence, the liquid fuel for a colored flame not only ensures a vivid and bright flame but increases the ignition point and combustion stability, thus solving the problems of low ignition point and high volatility.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2009
    Publication date: December 9, 2010
    Inventor: Ta-Chun PENG