Containig Triglycerides (e.g., Castor Oil, Corn Oil, Olive Oil, Lard, Etc.) Patents (Class 44/308)
  • Patent number: 11104857
    Abstract: A fuel composition for powering a combustion engine, the composition comprising: a liquid base fuel; and a (co)polymer obtainable by (co)polymerizing at least the following monomers: •at least one bicyclic (meth)acrylate ester •optionally at least one lower-alkyl (meth)acrylate, •optionally at least one aromatic vinyl monomer, and •optionally other ethylenically unsaturated monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Mark Lawrence Brewer, John Socrates Thomaides, John M. Morales, Qiwei He, Philip Nigel Threlfall-Holmes, Damien Christian Vadillo, Nicholas James Rounthwaite, Michael Timothy Philbin, Roger Francis Cracknell, Andrea Schuetze
  • Patent number: 11104859
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions containing at least one of the following: (1) estolide polyethylene glycol diesters; (2) hydroxy derived estolide polyethylene glycol diesters; (3) unsaturated hydroxy derived estolide polyethylene glycol diesters; (4) estolide trimetholpropane diesters; (5) hydroxy derived estolide trimetholpropane diesters; (6) unsaturated hydroxy derived estolide trimetholpropane diesters; (7) estolide epoxide polyethylene glycol diesters; (8) estolide dihydroxide polyethylene glycol diesters; (9) mono-capped hydroxy derived estolide epoxide polyethylene glycol diesters; (10) mono-capped hydroxy derived estolide dihydroxide polyethylene glycol diesters; and mixtures thereof; and optionally a carrier. All the compounds can be used as a viscosity index improver thereby improving a lubricant's performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Terry Isbell, Steven C. Cermak, Benjamin A. Lowery
  • Patent number: 11001775
    Abstract: A fuel composition for powering a combustion engine the composition comprising: a liquid base fuel; and a copolymer obtainable by copolymerizing at least the following monomers: —at least one bicyclic (meth)acrylate ester; —at least one fatty-alkyl (meth)acrylate; —optionally, and preferably, at least one aromatic vinyl monomer; and —optionally other ethylenically unsaturated monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Mark Lawrence Brewer, John Socrates Thomaides, John M. Morales, Qiwei He, Philip Nigel Threlfall-Holmes, Damien Christian Vadillo, Nicholas James Rounthwaite, Michael Timothy Philbin, Roger Francis Cracknell, Andrea Schuetze
  • Patent number: 11001774
    Abstract: The present technology provides compositions that include at least about 98 weight percent (“wt %”) n-paraffins which, among other surprising features, may be suitable for use as a diesel fuel, an aviation fuel, a jet fuel blendstock, a blendstock to reduce the cloud point of a diesel fuel, a fuel for portable heaters, and/or as a charcoal lighter fluid. The composition includes at least about 98 wt % C7-C12 n-paraffins, where at least about 10 wt % of composition includes n-decane, at least about 20 wt % of the composition includes n-dodecane, and at least about 75 wt % of the composition includes even carbon number paraffins. The composition also includes less about 0.1 wt % oxygenates and less than about 0.1 wt % aromatics. The composition may be produced by a process that includes hydrotreating a biorenewable feedstock comprising at least one of palm kernel oil, coconut oil, babassu oil, microbial oil, or algal oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: REG SYNTHETIC FUELS, LLC
    Inventors: Ramin Abhari, David A. Slade, H. Lynn Tomlinson, Erik Ashby, Nate Green, Caroline Golden
  • Patent number: 10889837
    Abstract: The present invention relates to using high oil corn to make a biochemical such as ethanol. More particularly, the invention relates to methods of making a biochemical using relatively low temperature saccharification followed by fermentation or simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of high oil corn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: POET Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen M. Lewis, John Kenneth Grearson, Neelakantam V. Narendranath, Francis Michael Swain, Brett Yerdon, Camille Kelly Nelson
  • Patent number: 10865430
    Abstract: Provided is a device for producing ultra-low sulfur biodiesel. The device for producing ultra-low sulfur biodiesel is a two-stage processing device, comprising a two-stage purification unit, a two-stage enzyme reaction unit, a two-stage distillation unit, and a decompression rectification unit. The present invention is green and environment-friendly, effectively and completely removing sulfur-containing impurities from the raw material, eliminating the attack of a sulfur-containing group in the synthesis process on fatty acids, and providing sufficient conditions for obtaining ultra-low sulfur content methyl esters in the product section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Inventors: Aijun Li, Hong Wang, Guangming Wen, Weiqing Chen, Hongpeng Li, Liyan Feng, Liguang Feng
  • Patent number: 10865354
    Abstract: Marine gas oil compositions corresponding to fuels and/or fuel blending components are provided that can provide improved friction properties within an engine. Addition of lubricant base stock to a marine gas oil composition can reduce frictional losses within an engine during operation. The benefits in reduction of frictional losses can be observed based on the difference between the indicated mean effective pressure and the actual work delivered by an engine, where the difference corresponds to the frictional mean effective pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Aditya S. Shetkar, Kenneth C. H. Kar, Scott K. Berkhous
  • Patent number: 10829706
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a cetane-boosting fuel additive includes reacting formaldehyde and 2-ethylhexanol at a mole ratio of 10:1 to 1:1, or 5:1 to 1.5:1, or 4:1 to 2:1, or 3.5:1 to 2.5:1 in the presence of a heterogeneous acid catalyst at a temperature of 300 to 375° K to obtain a cetane-boosting product mixture comprising H3C(CH2)3CH(CH2CH3)CH2(OCH2)nOH, H3C(CH2)3CH(CH2CH3)CH2(OCH2)nOCH2CH(CH2CH3)(CH2)3CH3, or a combination thereof, wherein n has an average value of 2.8 to 3.2, preferably an average value of 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES B.V.
    Inventors: Vijay Dinkar Bodas, Sultan Eid Al-Otaibi, Guillermo Leal, Mohammed Bismillah Ansari, Naif Mohammed Al Naddah Al-Otaibi
  • Patent number: 10815431
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and a system for producing bio-derived aromatic hydrocarbons from a renewable resource. More particularly, the disclosure provides for the co-location of a biomass reactor unit and an aromatization reactor unit to produce benzene from a renewable source such as plant mass. Hexane produced from cellulose in the biomass reactor unit can be converted to benzene in the aromatization reactor unit and hydrogen produced in the aromatization reactor unit can be used in the biomass reactor unit. Also described is the use of a mixture of bio-derived hexane produced from cellulose and naphtha in an aromatization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: Ryan W. Snell
  • Patent number: 10767124
    Abstract: A process for recovery hydrogen and LPG from a gaseous separated hydroprocessed stream and a stripper gaseous stream and/or a fractionator gaseous stream by increasing the pressure of the stripper gaseous stream and/or the fractionator gaseous stream. Both streams or all three streams can be subjected to sponge absorption and hydrogen recovery in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Kiran Ladkat, Neeraj Tiwari
  • Patent number: 10450533
    Abstract: Methods and devices for economically producing a purified biodiesel product from feedstocks. Some embodiments of the methods comprise using at least one of a crude feedstock pretreatment process and a free fatty acid refining process prior to transesterification and the formation of crude biodiesel and glycerin. The crude biodiesel is then subjected to at least one biodiesel refining process which, in conjunction with feedstock pretreatment and free fatty acid refining produces a purified biodiesel product that meets multiple commercial specifications. A wide variety of feedstocks may be used to make biodiesel that otherwise would not meet the same commercial specifications, including corn oil, used cooking oil, poultry fats, fatty acid distillates, pennycress oil, and algal oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Renewable Energy Group, Inc.
    Inventors: David A Slade, Cody J Ellens, Bradley N Albin, Derek J Winkel, Jared A Downey
  • Patent number: 10428278
    Abstract: Disclosed are a method and a system for producing bio-derived aromatic hydrocarbons from a renewable resource. More particularly, the disclosure provides for the co-location of a biomass reactor unit and an aromatization reactor unit to produce benzene from a renewable source such as plant mass. Hexane produced from cellulose in the biomass reactor unit can be converted to benzene in the aromatization reactor unit and hydrogen produced in the aromatization reactor unit can be used in the biomass reactor unit. Also described is the use of a mixture of bio-derived hexane produced from cellulose and naphtha in an aromatization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: Ryan W. Snell
  • Patent number: 10377953
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to processes and systems that convert biomass to stable intermediate hydrocarbon products that having a greatly decreased oxygen content. This stabilized intermediate hydrocarbon product may be easily be stored for an extended period of time, further refined into liquid transportation fuels (either alone or mixed with petroleum-derived hydrocarbons), or blended with petroleum-derived blendstocks to produce a finished liquid transportation fuel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Kening Gong, Liang Zhang, John R. Copeland, Reed J. Eisenhart
  • Patent number: 10358611
    Abstract: An apparatus and process is disclosed for hydrocracking a hydrocarbon feed stream following hydrotreating the feed stream. A separator removes diesel and lower boiling materials in a hydrotreated stream before a hydrocracking reactor, so only liquid materials heavier than diesel are hydrocracked in a hydrocracking reactor. A vapor hydrotreated stream and the hydrocracked stream are separated and fractionated together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Gabriela M. Gonzalez Lippke, Simerjeet Singh, Richard K. Hoehn
  • Patent number: 10323199
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a Fuel Supplement comprising of selected plant oils mixed in given proportions, which when added to fuels like petrol and diesel can reduce harmful emissions during combustion of fuel. It can significantly decrease the Sulphur content in fuels and thus protect the environment from harmful pollutants. It improves the fuel lubricity and engine performance. It also increases the flash point of Diesel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: SSR PHARMA PRIVATE LTD
    Inventors: Sandeep P. Agarwal, Surjan Singh Rauthan
  • Patent number: 10308896
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to methods for producing detergent compounds from waste plastic feedstocks. More specifically, the invention relates to methods for producing detergent intermediates, including alkylbenzenes, paraffins, olefins, oxo alcohols, and surfactant derivatives thereof from waste plastic feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey John Scheibel, Phillip Kyle Vinson, Scott Leroy Cron, Thomas Earl Williams
  • Patent number: 10221387
    Abstract: An integrated facility for the co-production of ethanol and biodiesel fuel is provided. Ethanol and corn oil, the primary product and a by-product from the ethanol plant, are utilized as feedstocks for a biodiesel plant operating within the same general facility as the corn ethanol plant. By-products of the biodiesel plant, principally crude liquid glycerol and gaseous ethanol or methanol, are recycled to various parts of the ethanol plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: Rayeman Elements, Inc.
    Inventors: Rachel Overheul, Brandon Awtrey, Daniel Johnson
  • Patent number: 9957464
    Abstract: Methods and devices for economically producing a purified biodiesel product from feedstocks. Some embodiments of the methods comprise using at least one of a crude feedstock pretreatment process and a free fatty acid refining process prior to transesterification and the formation of crude biodiesel and glycerin. The crude biodiesel is then subjected to at least one biodiesel refining process which, in conjunction with feedstock pretreatment and free fatty acid refining produces a purified biodiesel product that meets multiple commercial specifications. A wide variety of feedstocks may be used to make biodiesel that otherwise would not meet the same commercial specifications, including corn oil, used cooking oil, poultry fats, fatty acid distillates, pennycress oil, and algal oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: Renewable Energy Group, Inc.
    Inventors: David A Slade, Cody J Ellens, Bradley N Albin, Derek J Winkel, Jared A Downey
  • Patent number: 9957496
    Abstract: Provided are a method for regulating acid resistance of a microorganism by suppressing the expression of the fadD gene therein and a screening method for a microorganism having acid resistance by using the expression level of the fadD gene as an index. A method for regulating acid resistance of a microorganism, including suppressing the expression of fadD gene present in the microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA YAKULT HONSHA
    Inventors: Hoshitaka Matsumoto, Mika Miura, Mayumi Kiwaki, Tohru Iino
  • Patent number: 9845432
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for revamping a conventional refinery of mineral oils into a biorefinery, characterized by a production scheme which allows the treatment of raw materials of a biological origin (vegetable oils, animal fats, exhausted cooking oils) for the production of biofuels, prevalently high-quality biodiesel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Giacomo Fernando Rispoli, Claudia Prati, Andrea Amoroso, Paolo Pollesel
  • Patent number: 9701594
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the hydrodeoxygenation of pyrolysis oils in the presence of an alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: Albemarle Europe SPRL
    Inventors: Emanuel Hermanus Van Broekhoven, Ralph Klomp, Ruben Theodoor Pronk, Leendert Arie Gerritsen, Frans Lodewijk Plantenga, Edgar Evert Steenwinkel
  • Patent number: 9644150
    Abstract: The amount of renewable hydrocarbons produced from biomass may be increased by pyrolyzing the biomass in a biomass conversion unit in the presence of hydrogen sulfide or a sulfiding agent. The formation of deposits of unwanted carbonaceous materials, such as coke, is reduced by the presence of the hydrogen sulfide or sulfiding agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Inaeris Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Lorenz J. Bauer, Mitch Loescher
  • Patent number: 9469818
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hydrocarbon composition, which can be used as a fuel and/or fuel oil, containing a petroleum component (A) and a component of a biological origin (B), wherein the component of a biological origin is present in a quantity of up to 75% by volume with respect to the total composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Assignees: ENI S.p.A., UOP LLC
    Inventors: Franco Baldiraghi, Silvia Guanziroli, Giovanni Faraci, Luigina Maria Flora Sabatino, Terry Louise Marker, John Anthony Petri
  • Patent number: 9434962
    Abstract: Disclosed is an integrated process comprising first and second biotechnical processes. The first process produces biofuel and/or starting material for biofuel and uses a microorganism capable of producing enzymes. The second process produces biofuel and/or starting material for biofuel. In the integrated process, the microorganisms are cultivated and biofuel and/or starting material for biofuel and enzymes are produced. The microorganism culture, supernatant or a protein enriched fraction or a dilution of the supernatant comprising catalytically active enzyme(s) are introduced into the first and/or into the second process, or feedstock for the process(es) is treated. The invention relates also to use of the produced enzymes in biofuel production process or in other applications as an enzyme preparation or a source of enzymes. The invention relates also to use of the produced lipids and alcohols as biofuel, a component of biofuel or a starting material for biofuel production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: Neste Oyj
    Inventors: Perttu Koskinen, Reijo Tanner
  • Patent number: 9273258
    Abstract: Methods are provided for producing a jet fuel composition from a feedstock including a natural oil. The methods include reacting the feedstock with a low-weight olefin in the presence of a metathesis catalyst under conditions sufficient to form a metathesized product. The methods further include hydrogenating the metathesized product under conditions sufficient to form a jet fuel composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Melvin L. Luetkens, Jr., Steven A. Cohen, Chander Balakrishnan
  • Patent number: 9267086
    Abstract: The invention provides synergistic biofuel blends comprising a petroleum distillate and two or more fatty acid alkyl ester-containing biofuels. Methods for making synergistic biofuel blends are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Lisa I-Ching Yeh, Donna I. Hoel, Paul P. Wells
  • Patent number: 9260678
    Abstract: Process for the production of biocombustible or biofuel mixtures suitable for different conditions of use, starting from refined or raw vegetable oils, including those extracted from seaweed, and/or from used food oils and animal fats, each of which is pre-treated with specific treatments in order to yield a dried refined oil. The latter then undergoes transesterification with an excess of lower alcohols or bioalcohols, and a subsequent separation into a raw glycerine-based phase and a phase containing mixtures of fatty acid alkyl esters and the excess alcohols or bioalcohols.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Inventor: Nazzareno De Angelis
  • Patent number: 9120991
    Abstract: High octane unleaded aviation fuel compositions having a CHN content of at least 97.2 wt %, less than 2.8 wt % of oxygen content, a T10 of at most 75° C., T40 of at least 75° C., a T50 of at most 105° C., a T90 of at most 135° C., a final boiling point of less than 210° C., an adjusted heat of combustion of at least 43.5 MJ/kg, a vapor pressure in the range of 38 to 49 kPa is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Timothy Michael Shea, Trevor James Davies, Michael Clifford Macknay, Hanane Belmokaddem Bennis
  • Patent number: 9074191
    Abstract: The present invention provides a system and method for culturing a microalgae biofamily to produce lipids. The method includes growing a microalgae biofamily comprises multiple microalgae species in a liquid medium at a first stress level. A portion of the microalgae are exposed to a second stress level and harvested. Lipids are extracted from the harvested portion. Also disclosed is a system for culturing a microalgae biofamily that comprises an enclosed pond containing microalgae in growth medium and having a sloped bottom, at least one photobioreactor positioned above the pond, and a pump circulating the microalgae-containing growth medium between the pond and the at least one photobioreactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Inventor: Marcelo Gonzalez Machin
  • Patent number: 9051525
    Abstract: Emissions of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from diesel engines may be reduced by blending a renewable hydrocarbon distillate with a base diesel fuel. The base diesel may be a fossil diesel fuel, a Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuel as well as a hydroprocessed biodiesel fuel or a combination thereof. The renewable hydrocarbon distillate is a fraction from hydrotreated bio-oil having a boiling point between from about 320° F. to about 700° F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Trewella, Vicente Sanchez, Roger L. Leisenring, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9045785
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to isolated microorganisms as well as strains and mutants thereof, biomasses, microbial oils, compositions, and cultures; methods of producing the microbial oils, biomasses, and mutants; and methods of using the isolated microorganisms, biomasses, and microbial oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: DSM IP Assets B.V.
    Inventors: Joseph W. Pfeifer, III, Jon Milton Hansen, Jose R. Garcia, Xiao Daniel Dong, Paul Warren Behrens, Kirk E. Apt
  • Patent number: 9039790
    Abstract: Methods for making a fuel composition comprising contacting one or more components of a hydroprocessing feedstock, for example both a fatty acid- or triglyceride-containing component and a paraffin-rich component, with hydrogen under catalytic hydroprocessing conditions are disclosed. The methods are effective to upgrade the component(s) and provide a hydroprocessed biofuel. A representative method utilizes a single-stage process in which hydrogen-containing recycle gas is circulated through both a hydrodeoxygenation zone and a hydrocracking zone in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Tom N. Kalnes
  • Patent number: 9024096
    Abstract: A process for converting triacylglycerides-containing oils into crude oil precursors and/or distillate hydrocarbon fuels is disclosed. The process may include reacting a triacylglycerides-containing oil-carbon dioxide mixture at a temperature in the range from about 250° C. to about 525° C. and a pressure greater than about 75 bar to convert at least a portion of the triacylglycerides to a hydrocarbon or mixture of hydrocarbons comprising one or more of isoolefins, isoparaffins, cycloolefins, cycloparaffins, and aromatics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Lummus Technology Inc.
    Inventor: Marvin I. Greene
  • Patent number: 8975457
    Abstract: Described herein are methods for producing fuels and solvents from fatty acid resources. In general, the pyrolysis products of fatty acids are extracted in order to remove residual fatty acids and produce very pure hydrocarbon compositions composed of alkanes and alkenes. The fatty acids removed from the extraction step can be further pyrolyzed to produce additional hydrocarbons or, in the alternative, the fatty acids can be isolated and used in other applications. Also disclosed herein are fuels and solvents produced by the methods described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Governors of the University of Alberta
    Inventor: David Bressler
  • Patent number: 8975459
    Abstract: A process for making a bio-naphtha and optionally bio-propane from a complex mixture of natural occurring fats & oils, wherein said complex mixture is subjected to a refining treatment for removing the major part of non-triglyceride and non-fatty acid components, thereby obtaining refined fats & oils; said refined fats & oils are transformed into linear or substantially linear paraffin's as the bio-naphtha by an hydrodeoxygenation or from said refined fats & oils are obtained fatty acids that are transformed into linear or substantially linear paraffin's as the bio-naphtha by hydrodeoxygenation or decarboxylation of the free fatty acids or from said refined fats & oils are obtained fatty acids soaps that are transformed into linear or substantially linear paraffin's as the bio-naphtha by decarboxylation of the soaps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Total Research & Technology Feluy
    Inventors: Walter Vermeiren, Nicolas Van Gyseghem
  • Patent number: 8957269
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of producing olefinic monomers for the production of a polymer. The invention particularly relates to the production of tall oil-based biopolymers, such as polyolefins. In the stages of the method bio oil, with a content of over 50% of fatty acids of tall oil and no more than 25% of resin acids of tall oil, and hydrogen gas are fed into a catalyst bed (7); the oil is catalytically deoxygenated in the bed by hydrogen; the flow exiting the bed is cooled down and divided into a hydrocarbon-bearing liquid phase (10) and a gas phase; and the hydrocarbon-bearing liquid (13) is subjected to steam cracking (4) to provide a product containing polymerizing olefins. The deoxygenation in the bed can be followed by a catalytic cracking or, with a suitable catalyst, the deoxygenation and cracking can be simultaneous. The separated hydrogen-bearing gas phase can be circulated in the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Stora Enso Oyj
    Inventors: Ali Harlin, Tapani Penttinen, Jari Räsänen, Olli Aaltonen
  • Patent number: 8939758
    Abstract: Candle compositions are disclosed which include a high concentration of liquid oils, yet are solid due the incorporation of wax-monoesters; thereby enhancing the scope, quality and functionality of candles. The wax-monoesters may be obtained from natural plant based waxes, including rice bran wax. Candles based on the candle compositions and methods of making the compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Global Agritech, Inc.
    Inventor: Dharma R. Kodali
  • Patent number: 8940949
    Abstract: A process for the conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon products such as transportation fuels, kerosene, diesel oil, fuel oil, chemical and refinery plant feeds. The instant process uses a hydrocarbon or synthesis gas co-feed and hot pressurized water to convert the biomass in a manner commonly referred to as hydrothermal liquefaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Gary Peyton Miller
  • Patent number: 8911513
    Abstract: A system and method are disclosed for processing grease trap waste to produce brown grease oil. Heat to promote waste grease stratification is provided by combustion of brown grease itself. A portion of the brown grease, which would normally be transported to an end user, is retained in a separate holding vessel at the grease processing site. The brown grease within the holding vessel is thermally conditioned to adjust viscosity so that it may be drawn through one or more pumps to increase pressure for atomization in a boiler. The heat of the brown grease combustion is applied to grease trap waste in the containment vessel by heating tubes immersed in the grease trap waste in which a heat transfer medium circulates and gives up its heat to the grease trap waste to thereby promote stratification of the grease trap waste and production of the brown grease oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Downey Ridge Environmental Company
    Inventors: Ronald L. Crosier, James E. Hendrixon
  • Patent number: 8911514
    Abstract: Hydrotreating methods and hydrotreating systems are provided herein. In an embodiment, a hydrotreating method includes heating a petroleum-based diesel feed. The heated petroleum-based diesel feed is introduced to a hydrotreating process. An unheated carbonaceous feed is introduced to the hydrotreating process separate from the heated petroleum-based diesel feed. The heated petroleum-based diesel feed and the unheated carbonaceous feed are co-processed in the hydrotreating process. In an embodiment of a hydrotreating system, the hydrotreating system includes a hydrotreating unit, and a heating apparatus, with the heating apparatus heating petroleum-based diesel feed prior to introduction to the hydrotreating unit. The unheated carbonaceous feed source is in fluid communication with the hydrotreating unit for introducing an unheated carbonaceous feed to the hydrotreating unit separate from the petroleum-based diesel feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Soumendra M. Banerjee, Richard K. Hoehn
  • Patent number: 8911515
    Abstract: A wax comprises a metathesis product and/or a product that resembles, at least in part, a product which may be formed from a metathesis reaction. The wax may be used to form articles for example, candles (container candles, votive candles, and/or a pillar candles), crayons, fire logs or tarts. The wax commonly includes other components in addition to the metathesis product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy A. Murphy, Michael J. Tupy, Timothy W. Abraham, Andy Shafer
  • Patent number: 8911512
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for determining properties of hydrocarbonaceous samples including a component prepared from: 1) the thermo-catalytic conversion of biomass, or 2) the pyrolytic conversion of biomass with subsequent upgrading. The determination of the property(ies) is by use of a near-infrared spectra based correlation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: KiOR, Inc.
    Inventors: Jorge Gonzalez, Leslie May, Vicente Sanchez
  • Publication number: 20140352205
    Abstract: The invention relates generally to methods of refining a renewable oil, such as a biofuel. In some embodiments, the invention relates to methods for the efficient removal of gums and waxes from a renewable oil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 4, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Trevor G. Morgan, Tom Vytlacil, Colby Neeley, Charles Devlin
  • Patent number: 8882860
    Abstract: An emulsifier for a water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion fuel wherein reseparation between oil and water does not take place for a long period of time because of a stable emulsion state with homogenous dispersion. The emulsifier for a water-in-oil emulsion fuel includes the following (1) to (7) components: (1) heavy oil A: 50 mL or more 100 mL, (2) heavy oil B: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (3) heavy oil C: 300 mL or more 450 mL, (4) methanol: 100 mL or more 150 mL, (5) ethanol: 100 mL or more 200 mL, (6) palm oil: 100 mL or more 150 mL, and (7) water: 100 mL or more 200 mL.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Inventors: Susumu Inazawa, Hitoshi Inazawa
  • Publication number: 20140325898
    Abstract: Apparatus and related methods for reacting a natural oil and salt composition with a short chain alcohol in the presence of an alkaline catalyst to produce biodiesel, significantly decreasing the amount of time for the glycerol byproduct to settle out of the reaction mixture. The process for the production of biodiesel includes combining animal or vegetable oil with a salt to create a first component, combining a short chain alcohol with a strong base to create a second component, and combining the first and second components together. The combined compositions represent a reaction mixture that undergo a transesterification reaction and produce fatty acid methyl ester biodiesel and also a glycerol byproduct.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2014
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventors: JEFFERY THOMPSON, JOHN K. COOPER, MARIO A. OYANADER
  • Publication number: 20140318001
    Abstract: This application relates to the polymorphism and microstructure of certain triacylglycerols and fatty acid methyl esters, and how the properties of these individual components in a biodiesel fuel, as well as their combined mixtures, helps understand the fundamental mechanisms of their crystallization so as to design biodiesel fuels with improved low temperature characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Suresh Narine, Laziz Bouzidi, Bruce Darling, Mark Baker, Shaojun Li, Ali Mahdevari
  • Patent number: 8865080
    Abstract: Embodiments of a process for production of biodiesel from a transesterification reaction of alcohol and triglycerides in a multi-zone tubular reactor is disclosed. Alkyl esters and glycerin are formed from reactants in a reaction mixture as the reaction mixture flows through the zones. The zones include an entrance zone, an exit zone, and an intermediate zone between the entrance and exit zones. The zones are characterized by physical properties such as viscosity, density, composition, and flow regime. The entrance and intermediate zones include static mixers that perform structured mixing that increases the conversion and yield. The degree of mixing provided by the mixers is different in the zones to account for differences in physical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Renewable Energy Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Tom Michael Ashley
  • Publication number: 20140305029
    Abstract: This application relates to phase behaviors of certain triacylglycerols and fatty acid methyl esters, and how the phase behaviors of these individual components in a biodiesel fuel, as well as their combined mixtures, helps understand the fundamental mechanisms of their crystallization so as to design biodiesel fuels with improved low temperature characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: Elevance Renewable Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Suresh Narine, Laziz Bouzidi, Bruce Darling, Mark Baker, Shaojun Li, Ali Mahdevari
  • Patent number: 8859832
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the manufacture of diesel range hydrocarbons wherein a feed is hydrotreated in a hydrotreating step and isomerized in an isomerization step, and a feed comprising fresh feed containing more than 5 wt % of free fatty acids and at least one diluting agent is hydrotreated at a reaction temperature of 200-400° C., in a hydrotreating reactor in the presence of catalyst, and the ratio of the diluting agent/fresh feed is 5-30:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Neste Oil Oyj
    Inventors: Jukka Myllyoja, Pekka Aalto, Pekka Savolainen, Veli-Matti Purola, Ville Alopaeus, Johan Grönqvist
  • Publication number: 20140298713
    Abstract: Described herein are modified fuels with improved properties. The modified fuels are more efficient when compared to conventional fuels such as gasoline. Additionally, the modified fuels burn more efficiently and produce fewer emissions. Finally, the modified fuels also do not require any modifications to existing engines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: SPIRIT OF THE 21ST CENTURY GROUP, LLC
    Inventors: David Henry GOSS, Thomas Oscar GOSS, JR.