Mushroom Culture Patents (Class 47/1.1)
  • Patent number: 11343979
    Abstract: The process for producing mycelium biomaterial provides fresh oxygen to the growing mycelium biomaterial while removing waste heat and waste carbon dioxide by forced aeration through large volumes of material. In a first phase of fungal expansion, humidified air at a programmed temperature is passed upwardly and through a fungal inoculated substrate of discrete particles to allow the fungal inoculum to expand and dominate the substrate. Nutrient is added to the inoculated mixture and a second phase of fungal expansion is performed wherein humidified air at a programmed temperature is passed upwardly and through the nutrient enriched fungal inoculated substrate to allow the fungal inoculum to bond the discrete particles into a self-supporting biocomposite. The process and apparatus of the invention allows for the processing of grown materials bound by mycelium at depths of greater than 6? and particularly in the range of from 24? to 28?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2022
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Peter James Mueller, Jacob Michael Winiski, Meghan Anne O'Brien
  • Patent number: 11343978
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method to prepare a myceliated high-protein food product, which includes culturing a fungi an aqueous media which has a high level of plant protein, for example at least 20 g protein per 100 g dry weight with excipients, on a dry weight basis. The plant protein can include pea, rice and/or chickpea. The fungi can include comprises Lentinula spp., Agaricus spp., Pleurotus spp., Boletus spp., or Laetiporus spp. After culturing, the material is harvested by obtaining the myceliated high-protein food product via drying or concentrating. The resultant myceliated high-protein food product may have its taste, flavor, or aroma modulated, such as by increasing desirable flavors or tastes such as meaty, savory, umami, popcorn and/or by decreasing undesirable flavors such as bitterness, astringency or beaniness. Deflavoring and/or deodorizing as compared to non-myceliated control materials can also be observed. Also disclosed are myceliated high-protein food products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2022
    Assignee: MycoTechnology, Inc.
    Inventors: Bhupendra Kumar Soni, Brooks John Kelly, James Patrick Langan, Huntington Davis, Alan D. Hahn
  • Patent number: 11337383
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a device for growing mushrooms, comprising a shelving, arranged for supporting beds for holding compost, said beds for holding compost wherein the beds are placed at a mutual distance above each other characterized in that the beds are movable between at least a first position, wherein a second bed supported above a first bed at least partially impedes the accessibility of the first bed in a direction perpendicular to the plane in which the first bed extends and a second position in which at least a larger part of the first bed is free approachable from a direction perpendicular to the plane in which the first bed extends than in the first position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2022
    Inventors: Jacobus Alexander Jozef Lemmen, Marcus Gerardus Maria Van Doremaele
  • Patent number: 11277980
    Abstract: A planting method for morels is disclosed, including the following steps of: (1) preparing spawn; (2) flipping the spawn; (3) managing the humidity; and (4) fruiting for harvesting. The planting method is simple, is easy to learn and promote, has a high yield, and requires few spawn, thereby reducing planting costs and product costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Inventor: Linsen Xie
  • Patent number: 11277981
    Abstract: A monokaryotic mycelium sheet producing system for creating a sheet of monokaryotic mycelial material. The mycelium sheet producing system includes a culture unit, a spore stock unit, a plating unit, a section unit, a sub-plating unit, an expanding unit and a colonization unit. The culture unit prepares a monokaryon culture. The spore stock unit grows a plurality of fruit bodies in sterile laboratory conditions to create a spore stock. The plating unit performs a peroxide-based spore rescue and a plating process. The section unit is adaptable to section robust hyphae. The sub-plating unit sub-plates and expands the robust hyphae onto a spawn grain master. The expanding unit subsequently expands the spawn grain master into appropriate production of spawn volume. The colonization unit is adaptable to perform a subsequent colonization of mycelium substrate thereby creating a substantially defect free sheet of mycelium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: MycoWorks, Inc.
    Inventor: Philip Ross
  • Patent number: 11266085
    Abstract: The method of growing a biopolymer material employs incubation of a growth media comprised of nutritive substrate and a fungus in containers that are placed in a closed incubation chamber with air flows passed over each container while the chamber is maintained with a predetermined environment of humidity, temperature, carbon dioxide and oxygen. The air flows may be directed parallel or perpendicularly to the surfaces of the growth media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2022
    Assignee: ECOVATIVE DESIGN LLC
    Inventors: Jessie Hannah Kaplan-Bie, Lucy Elaine Greetham, Ian Thomas Bonesteel, Gavin Reim McIntyre
  • Patent number: 11212971
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a device for growing mushrooms, including beds for holding compost and a shelving arranged for supporting the beds for holding compost. The beds are placed at a mutual distance above each other. The beds are movable between at least a first position, wherein a second bed supported above a first bed at least partially impedes the accessibility of the first bed in a direction perpendicular to the plane in which the first bed extends, and a second position in which at least a larger part of the first bed is free approachable from a direction perpendicular to the plane in which the first bed extends than in the first position. The shelving includes at least one portal. The portal includes at least two essentially vertical stands connected by at least one beam that extends from a first stand to the second stand. At least two beds are movably supported by the at least one beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Inventors: Jacobus Alexander Jozef Lemmen, Marcus Gerardus Maria Van Doremaele
  • Patent number: 11206802
    Abstract: A method of inoculating a tree with an ectomycorrhizal fungus is disclosed. The method comprises contacting at least one non-terrestrial adventitious root of the tree with the ectomycorrhizal fungus under conditions suitable for inoculation of the at least one non-terrestrial adventitious root by the ectomycorrhizal fungus. Methods of cultivating the ectomycorrhizal fungus are also disclosed as well as systems and devices for same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2021
    Inventor: Ezekiel Golan
  • Patent number: 11185027
    Abstract: The invention relates to an arrangement for cultivation of horticultural products, more specifically mushrooms. A first and a second rack are arranged adjacent and aligned with each other, providing a working space therebetween. Each rack comprises support structures arranged at support heights for supporting cultivation packages at a plurality of heights. The support heights are aligned with each other. The arrangement comprises moving means for moving packages from the first to the second rack or back, via the working space. Cultivation packages can be supported such that at most a single package is supported at each of the aligned support heights. This enables the packages to be alternatingly supported in either the first or the second rack across the support heights. The arrangement further includes an operator platform within the working space which is moveable in a vertical direction to enable working at different heights.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2021
    Assignee: CHRISTIAENS GROUP B.V.
    Inventor: Martinus Leonardus Hendrikus Maria Christiaens
  • Patent number: 11166418
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of producing mushrooms, comprising the steps of: i) providing a tray having a first surface and an opposite second surface and comprising a plurality of depressions in the first surface, the inner surfaces of the depressions defining receptacles open to the first surface for holding a mushroom growth medium and the outer surfaces of the depressions defining protrusions extending out from the second surface, ii) filling each receptacle at least partially with a mushroom growth medium, iii) applying a foil or sheet to the first surface so as to close each receptacle, iv) pasteurizing the mushroom growth medium, v) inoculating the growth media with mushroom spawn by injecting the mushroom spawn through the foil or sheet into the mushroom growth medium, vi) incubating the growth medium for allowing a mushroom mycelium to form in the mushroom growth medium, vii) at least partially removing or opening the foil or sheet above the receptacles to allow mushrooms to grow to pro
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: BioSteam AB
    Inventor: Shaojun Xiong
  • Patent number: 11166477
    Abstract: Provided is a food composition which include a myceliated high-protein food product and methods to make such compositions, which are mixtures of myceliated high-protein food products and other edible materials. A food composition includes dairy alternative products, ready to mix beverages and beverage bases; extruded and extruded/puffed products; sheeted baked goods; meat analogs and extenders; baked goods and baking mixes; granola; and soups/soup bases. Food compositions also include texturized plant protein which can be used for making meat-structured plant protein meat analog or meat extender products. The food compositions have reduced undesirable flavors and reduced undesirable aromas due to use of myceliated high-protein food products as compared to use of similar high-protein material that is not myceliated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: MycoTechnology, Inc.
    Inventors: Lisa Schmidt, Todd McDonald, Savita Jensen, Joseph George Akamittath, Alan D. Hahn, Anthony J. Clark, Bhupendra Kumar Soni, James Patrick Langan, Brooks John Kelly, Huntington Davis
  • Patent number: 11160223
    Abstract: Systems and methods of generating water for growing or vitally supporting plants, fungi, and/or aquatic animals are provided herein. The systems include a water generating unit that utilizes process fluid produced by plant transpiration or fungus respiration to generate water. Nutrients may be added to the water through hydroponic and aquaponic systems, then provided back to the plants in a closed loop. The systems may be monitored, optimized, and controlled remotely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignee: Source Global, PBC
    Inventors: Cody Alden Friesen, Jason Larmour Hooper
  • Patent number: 11066632
    Abstract: A cultivation bag assembly for the cultivation of microbes, fungi and other organisms includes an inner bag for containing a food substrate and an organism to be cultivated. At least one wall of the inner bag is constructed of a layer of water-vapor permeable material. An outer bag of the assembly has first and second walls formed from gas impermeable layers. At least one of the first and second walls of the outer bag has a gas filter patch to allow the passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide gases into and out of the interior of the inner bag to facilitate incubation of the organism within the interior of the inner bag. The inner bag and outer bag are coupled together at a first end of each of the inner bag and outer bag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2021
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Inventor: Wei K. Hsu
  • Patent number: 11058071
    Abstract: Disclosed is a chemical-physical method of producing mushrooms enriched with biologically active substances including steps of isolation and pre-seeding development of the mycelium of a desired fungal species, maturation of the substrate, mycelium sowing and incubation with development of fungal primordia under conditions controlled and assisted by machines and processors designed to adjust temperature, humidity and radiation, development of carpophores, their collection and treatment with pulsed light in order to stimulate the production of vitamin D2. Physical treatment includes exposing the environment to electromagnetic fields (EMF) during all the previous steps the collection, and chemical treatment includes adding the substrate with egg powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2021
    Inventor: Maurizio Bagnato
  • Patent number: 11032982
    Abstract: A mycelium growth bed for optimal production of pure mycelium or a pure mycelium composite with controlled or predictable properties, the bed comprising a tray, a conveying platform, a permeable membrane, a substrate, a porous material and a lid. The permeable membrane is positioned on the conveying platform within the tray. The substrate is positioned on the permeable membrane and the porous material is positioned on top of the substrate. The system provides a configuration having a substrate weight to surrounding space volume ratio between 0.5 and 5.0 g/cc, an air volume (surrounding space) to substrate volume between 0.01 and 1.0, and an air volume (surrounding space) to substrate area is between 0.5 and 5 cc/cm, wherein the CO2 concentration is held above 3%, the relative humidity is held above 40% and the O2 concentration is held below 20% in steady state conditions to produce leather-like mycelium without fruiting bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Assignee: MycoWorks, Inc.
    Inventors: Philip Ross, Matt Scullin, Nicholas Wenner, Jordan Chase, Quinn Miller, Ryan Saltidos, Phil McGaughy
  • Patent number: 11013208
    Abstract: A culture of the Agaricus bisporus strain B12998 is provided, the culture of the strain B12998 having been deposited under the NRRL Accession Number 50902. Other embodiments include a hybrid strain of Agaricus bisporus having BP-1 as one parent and an OW, SW, HW or experimental BW strain as a second parent. Still other embodiments include a hybrid strain of Agaricus bisporus having strain B12998 as at least one parent. Methods are provided for obtaining offspring including homokaryotic lines from select hybrid strain cultures of Agaricus bisporus, as well as methods and processes for producing hybrid mushroom cultures. A method of mushroom strain development is further provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: SYLVAN AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Richard Kerrigan, Mark Wach, Michelle Schultz
  • Patent number: 10993386
    Abstract: A method for commercially growing mushrooms includes the steps of: placing a layer of compost in a bed; laying a polymer sheet over the layer of compost; placing a layer of peat over the sheet; growing a crop of mushrooms in the first layer of peat; harvesting the crop of mushrooms; removing the polymer sheet and the layer of peat from the sheet; placing a replacement polymer sheet and layer of peat over the sheet; and growing a replacement crop of mushrooms. Mushrooms grown according to the method are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Inventor: John D'Amico
  • Patent number: 10913690
    Abstract: A method of producing a fertiliser composition, the method comprising: (a) providing a composition comprising an amino compound; (b) contacting the composition provided in step (a) with a composition comprising carbon dioxide; and (c) adding a composition comprising cellulosic fibres to the mixture obtained in step (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: CCm Technologies Limited
    Inventor: Peter Hammond
  • Patent number: 10889824
    Abstract: A method for genetic transformation of edible mushrooms is provided relating to the technical field of genetic transformation of Agaricus bisporus, enoki mushroom and shiitake. The disclosed method for genetic transformation of Agaricus bisporus includes: inoculating Agaricus bisporus liquid mycelia into a foxtail-millet-grain culture medium, and pre-culturing them at 20-25° C. until Agaricus bisporus mycelia grow on surfaces of foxtail millet grains. This method uses the foxtail millet grains as an attachment matrix, and during the pre-culturing and co-culturing, the culture substrate is shaken up every day. The method for genetic transformation of enoki mushroom or shiitake includes: inoculation of enoki mushroom mycelia or shiitake mycelia, activated culturing of agrobacterium, and agrobacterium infecting a foxtail millet grain-enoki mushroom mycelium matrix or a foxtail millet grain-shiitake mycelium matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Inventors: Jianyu Liu, Xiaodong Shang, Chunyan Song, Qi Tan, Zhen Xu, Qiaozhen Li, Dan Zhang, Ruijuan Wang, Hailong Yu, Lujun Zhang, Meiyan Zhang, Hui Yang, Yu Li, Feng Zhou, Ning Jiang
  • Patent number: 10881055
    Abstract: The invention is an important innovation in mushroom culture in which not only are mycelia beneficially grown on the novel combination of a grain (or seed) and an herb, in the preferred embodiment of the invention the mycelial mass is grown in a co-fermentation with all of a grain (or seed), an herb and a juice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: BYO HOLDINGS, LLC
    Inventors: Andrew Hines Miller, Jordan Seth Rubin
  • Patent number: 10849280
    Abstract: Disclosed are various embodiments for a mobile rig configured to control a photoperiodic response of a photoperiodically sensitive plant subject (e.g., a short-day plant) planted in an open field. The mobile rig includes a support structure; wheels; and light sources attached to the support structure at a position for emitting light on an upper surface of the photoperiodically sensitive plant subject. The mobile rig includes or is coupled to a control circuit having processing circuitry configured to cause the mobile rig to navigate across an open field having the photoperiodically sensitive plant subject planted therein and selectively illuminate the photoperiodically sensitive plant subject using the light sources attached to the mobile rig, for instance, during nighttime hours in a wavelength range between approximately 250 nm and approximately 800 nm to control the photoperiodic response of the photoperiodically sensitive plant subject planted therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: ALMENDRA PTE. LTD.
    Inventors: Inder Singh, Aslan Tomov
  • Patent number: 10736870
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions, devices, and methods to prevent and recover from detrimental effects of alcohol consumption, including significant undesirable symptoms of a hangover consciously felt by the alcohol consumer, as well as those that may not be consciously experienced. The present technology comprehensively targets multiple negative effects of hangovers. In one aspect, a composition includes dihydromyricetin (DHM); and N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). The composition may further include Prickly Pear Extract, Milk Thistle, Ginger Root, Vitamins B, C, and E, electrolytes, and/or sugars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Cheers Health, Inc.
    Inventor: Brooks Alexander Reid Powell
  • Patent number: 10604734
    Abstract: Disclosed are biodegradable insulation materials comprising a structural scaffold; and at least one temperature resilient fungus. Also disclosed are methods of making and using biodegradable insulation materials comprising a structural scaffold; and at least one temperature resilient fungus. For example, disclosed are methods of insulating an infrastructure comprising administering the disclosed biodegradable insulation materials to an infrastructure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA ANCHORAGE
    Inventors: Philippe Amstislavski, Zhaohui Yang, Maria D. White
  • Patent number: 10583626
    Abstract: The composite material is comprised of a substrate of discrete particles and a network of interconnected mycelia cells bonding the discrete particles together. The composite material is a made by inoculating a substrate of discrete particles and a nutrient material with a preselected fungus. The fungus digests the nutrient material over a period of time sufficient to grow hyphae and to allow the hyphae to form a network of interconnected mycelia cells through and around the discrete particles thereby bonding the discrete particles together to form a self-supporting composite material. In another embodiment, the fungus is allowed to grow as a fruiting body out of the substrate and within an enclosure to completely fill the enclosure to form a self-supporting structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre
  • Patent number: 10478416
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions, devices, and methods to prevent and recover from detrimental effects of alcohol consumption, including significant undesirable symptoms of a hangover consciously felt by the alcohol consumer, as well as those that may not be consciously experienced. The present technology comprehensively targets multiple negative effects of hangovers. In one aspect, a composition includes dihydromyricetin (DHM); and N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). The composition may further include Prickly Pear Extract, Milk Thistle, Ginger Root, Vitamins B, C, and E, electrolytes, and/or sugars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2019
    Assignee: Cheers Health, Inc.
    Inventor: Brooks Alexander Reid Powell
  • Patent number: 10400209
    Abstract: A method for artificial cultivation of Ophiocordyceps sinensis fruiting bodies. The method comprises: inoculating Ophiocordyceps sinensis into a sterile rice medium, cultivating at 9-13° C. for 40-60 days, after the medium is covered with mycelia, performing low-temperature induction at 1-8° C. for 60-80 days to develop a fruiting body primordium, and transferring the cultivation to 11-16° C. till harvest of the fruiting bodies. The method requires no low-oxygen environment, which can reduce cultivation cost; it only needs 3-4 months from induction to harvest of fruiting bodies: the rice medium for use has a low cost, which is suitable for commercial cultivation of Ophiocordyceps sinensis fruiting bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: GUANGDONG INSTITUTE OF APPLIED BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
    Inventors: Li Cao, Richou Han
  • Publication number: 20190230837
    Abstract: The present variety of mushroom plant named ‘HOKSY 10gokin’ was cultivated by the gathering and repeated breeding of Shiitake mushrooms having dominant traits, which has good qualitative character and appearance, a white stem of high quality, and enhanced cultivation. This edible mushroom is exquisite in stability, reproducibility and uniformity when being produced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2018
    Publication date: July 25, 2019
    Inventors: Genki Sakuta, Momoko Aizawa
  • Patent number: 10314268
    Abstract: Provided is a method for cultivating low potassium leafy vegetables at high yield without causing growth failure due to potassium deficiency in hydroponics. Cultivation is performed using a hydroponic solution containing a very small amount of potassium in the late cultivation period of low potassium leafy vegetables, thereby keeping the potassium content low at the time of harvest and also allowing the leafy vegetables to be stably harvested at high yield without causing potassium deficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: MATSUNAGA PLANT LABORATORY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Shigeru Matsunaga
  • Patent number: 10314250
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a bag packing mechanism for mushroom cultivation, which comprises two clamping seats, transport means, air duct, pumping means and push rod. Transport means supply collar. Air duct descends through the collar and extends into a bag from the opening of the bag, the two clamping seats clamp the top portion of the bag to close to the outer periphery of the air duct, the pumping means sucks the top portion, the two clamping seats open, the push rod is lowered to push down the collar to put on the top portion, the pumping means blow to open the top portion, the push rod is further lowered to fold the top portion down, the air duct and putter rise, and then complete the automation of packaging job.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: National Formosa University
    Inventors: Rong-Yuan Jou, Chih-Jen Lee
  • Patent number: 10159199
    Abstract: A mushroom compost leveling apparatus includes a panel with a bottom edge where the panel is vertically suspended in a mushroom compost receptacle leaving a gap between the bottom edge and the floor of the receptacle. The panel reciprocates from side to side as mushroom compost is conveyed under the panel. Optionally, the panel includes vanes extending outwardly from a first face surface, and a rake outwardly and downwardly extending from the panel at or near the bottom edge. Optionally, a pair of wheels are mounted for rotation either to the first face of the panel or to a rail of a frame to be isolated from the panel, and the wheels each include paddles that push compost toward the side edges of the mushroom compost receptacle as the wheels are rotated. Optionally, the leveling apparatus is removably attached to sleeves depending over sidewalls of the compost receptacle, and a roller assembly is removably attached to such sleeves downstream of the leveling apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: Pannell Manufacturing Corp.
    Inventor: Robert T. Pannell
  • Patent number: 10144149
    Abstract: A self-supporting composite body comprising a substrate of discrete particles and a network of interconnected mycelia cells extending through and around the discrete particles and bonding the discrete particles together is characterized in being stiff and in having a density of greater than 18 pounds per cubic foot (pcf). The method of making the composite body includes compressing a mass of biocomposite material comprised of discrete particles and a network of interconnected mycelia cells in the presence of moisture into a compressed body having a density in excess of 18 pcf. Compression may take place batch wise in a press or continuously between a pair of movable endless conveyors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Gavin R. McIntyre, Greg Tudryn, Jeff Betts, Jacob Winiski
  • Patent number: 9914906
    Abstract: In one embodiment, the process combines a fraction (up to 15%) of a lignocellulose substrate with supplemental nutritional material and hydrates the fraction to a moisture content of from 40% to 70% by weight. The hydrated substrate fraction is heat processed to remove ambient bioburden (yeast, mold, bacteria) and to maintain the hydrated substrate fraction in an aseptic condition. Thereafter, the hydrated substrate fraction is inoculated with a fungus and incubated to obtain a myceliated substrate which is then reduced into discrete particles. The remaining fraction of the substrate is combined with water and then combined with the discrete particles of myceliated substrate and incubated to obtain a second myceliated substrate which is then reduced into discrete particles. The second myceliated substrate is combined with supplemental nutritional material and incubated to obtain a third myceliated substrate composed of at least 10% mycelium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Jacob Winiski, Sue Van Hook, Matthew Lucht, Gavin McIntyre
  • Patent number: 9908685
    Abstract: A method for producing a recyclable molded product is provided. The method includes injecting a coffee ground amalgam into a mold, injecting the coffee ground amalgam with a mycelium, incubating the molded coffee ground amalgam injected with the mycelium for a period of time, and dehydrating the molded coffee ground amalgam injected with the mycelium at a set temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Inventor: Carmenza Jaramillo de Echeverri
  • Patent number: 9814186
    Abstract: A growing system and/or plant support structure may include one or more feet supporting at least one or more uprights, on which a plurality of plants and/or grow boards for growing plants may be positioned. A nutrient delivery system may be positioned between opposing uprights to provide nutrient supply to a root zone of plants, which nutrient delivery system may be positioned adjacent each opposing upright in an interior chamber of the plant support structure. A light system may be positioned between two adjacent plant support structures such that it simultaneously provides light to the exterior surface of the two plant support structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Living Greens Farm, Inc.
    Inventors: Dana Anderson, Raymond L. Carriere, Daniel Lagro
  • Patent number: 9801345
    Abstract: The composite material is comprised of a substrate of discrete particles and a network of interconnected mycelia cells bonding the discrete particles together. The composite material forms a core to which one or more boards of veneer material are bonded to form a panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: ECOVATIVE DESIGN LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre
  • Patent number: 9642333
    Abstract: A culture comprising at least one set of the chromosomes of the Agaricus bisporus line B12998-s39, the culture of the line B12998-s39 having been deposited under the NRRL Accession Number 50899, wherein said chromosomes comprise all of the alleles of the line B12998-s39 at the sequence-characterized marker loci listed in Table I. Methods are provided for introducing a desired trait into a culture of Agaricus bisporus line B12998-s39, as well as methods and processes for producing hybrid mushroom cultures. A method of mushroom strain development is further provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: SYLVAN AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Richard W. Kerrigan, Mark P. Wach, Michelle E. Schultz
  • Patent number: 9480723
    Abstract: A method of culturing Antrodia cinnamomea and obtaining Antrodia cinnamomea with improved contents of antcin C and zhankuic acid C is disclosed in the invention. The method comprises: providing a wood segment of Cinnamomum kanehirai; inoculating a strain of Antrodia cinnamomea to the wood segment, to obtain the wood segment inoculated with the strain of Antrodia cinnamomea with 0.162 g dry weight of hyphae and mycelia of the strain of Antrodia cinnamomea per kg wood segment; and irradiating the wood segment inoculated with the strain of Antrodia cinnamomea by a light of wavelength of 600-700 nm to obtain a fruit body; wherein an irradiation time of the wood segment inoculated with the strain of Antrodia cinnamomea is 8-12 hours per day for 30-40 days.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: KINGLAND PROPERTY CORPORATION, LTD.
    Inventors: Wen-Tin Chu, Yao-Ken Hung, Shorong-Shii Liou, I-Min Liu, Wei-Cheng Chen
  • Patent number: 9458421
    Abstract: The invention discloses a culture method for Antrodia cinnamomea to elevate the amounts and types of the bioactive components in Antrodia cinnamomea through controlling the wavelength and intensity of the light. Furthermore, the modification of the environmental factors such as water content, composition and relative amount of the culture medium, and the culture temperature are capable of increasing the amounts and types of the bioactive components in Antrodia cinnamomea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignees: TUNGHAI UNIVERSITY, GREENYN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Fan-Chiang Yang, Chia-Li Wu, Ya-Chen Chi
  • Patent number: 9427008
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of myceliation of agricultural substrates for producing functional foods with health benefits, wherein the method comprises of inoculating an agricultural substrate with one or more species of pure fungal culture comprising Basidiomycota and Ascomycota derived from liquid state fermentation, enabling mycelial growth on the agricultural substrate by controlling growth conditions and harvesting of a myceliated agricultural product after the mycelial growth reaches a desired stage. The present invention further provides a myceliated agricultural product enriched with nutrients, processed into a nutraceutical or functional food for human consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: MYCOTECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Brooks John Kelly, James Patrick Langan
  • Patent number: 9351445
    Abstract: A novel strain of Pleurotus nebrodensis (Daewang No. 1, Accession No.: KACC93181P) and a method for cultivating it are provided. The novel strain of Pleurotus nebrodensis is different from the existing Pleurotus ferulae in shape and physiological characteristic, has an extra after-ripening period, can be grown at a low temperature of 22 to 25° C. and a low water content (RH) of 60 to 65%, can be cultivated in slightly acid environment of pH 5.5 to 6.5, can utilize bottle cultivation, and has a good shape not to be easily damaged in packaging. Thus, the novel strain of Pleurotus nebrodensis according to the present invention have good commercial value, are more resistant to environmental change, and can be mass produced by automation system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Inventor: You Song Kim
  • Patent number: 9301454
    Abstract: A peat moss composition having improved water holding capacity, hydrophilicity, and/or anti-leaching properties comprising one or more polysaccharides, for example guars and/or guar derivatives, is disclosed. A method of preparing the peat moss composition and a method of using it are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: RHODIA OPERATIONS
    Inventors: Zhiyun Chen, Jean-Christophe Castaing
  • Patent number: 9102962
    Abstract: A production method effectively increases the amount and yield of mushroom beta-glucan, and widely applied in the fields of food, biotechnology, cultivation and medical development. The cultivating medium contains the nutrition of three natural grains, including brown rice, adlay and oat, to provide a complete physiological environment for the mushrooms to grow well. Experimental results strongly suggest that AMFM treated cell activities are significantly enhanced in comparison with those without AMFM treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Inventor: Shiu Nan Chen
  • Publication number: 20150150159
    Abstract: The present invention relates to new antifungal compositions and their use in the method for controlling fungal diseases in mushrooms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Jacobus Stark
  • Publication number: 20150096224
    Abstract: For indoor mushroom cultivation, a method of irrigating the mushrooms includes drip irrigation pipes in the bed. The drip irrigation pipes can be disposed in a casing layer that overlies a substrate layer, and irrigation can be according to measurements taken in the environment outside of the bed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Dan Levanon, Ofer Danay, Dov Raz
  • Publication number: 20150033620
    Abstract: A mycological biopolymer product consisting entirely of fungal mycelium is made by inoculating a nutritive substrate with a selected fungus in a sealed environment except for a void space, which space is subsequently filled with a network of undifferentiated fungal mycelium. The environmental conditions for producing the mycological biopolymer product, i.e. a high carbon dioxide (CO2) content (from 5% to 7% by volume) and an elevated temperature (from 85° F. to 95° F.), prevent full differentiation of the fungus into a mushroom. There are no stipe, cap, or spores produced. The biopolymer product grows into the void space of the tool, filling the space with an undifferentiated mycelium chitin-polymer, which is subsequently extracted from the substrate and dried.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Lucy Greetham, Gavin R. McIntyre, Eben Bayer, Jacob Winiski, Sarah Araldi
  • Publication number: 20150000188
    Abstract: Provided is a mushroom bed cultivation bag where a bag main body can be surely torn regardless of nonuniformity of a thickness of a filter, a material, and the like. A mushroom bed cultivation bag includes a vertically long bag main body which has an opened upper end and is formed of a plastic film formed by aligning molecules so that tensile strength of a vertical direction is higher than tensile strength of a horizontal direction, and a rupture handle fused with the bag main body at a position that is different from a position of the bag main body, and rupturing the bag main body to tear the bag main body. A fuse portion fusing the rupture handle with the bag main body is formed in a mountain-shape where a tear-initiation side (opening side of an upper end of the bag main body) faces upward.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2014
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Kenichirou SHIRAHANE, Mamoru SHIRAHANE
  • Publication number: 20140360095
    Abstract: The aim of this invention is the development of an essentially new method for production of a casing layer (casing) intended for cultivation of mushrooms/plants and the use of appropriate equipment for this purpose. The invention allows the abandonment of raw materials with desired structure and enables making of preferred structure by using locally available low-quality raw materials, which is particularly relevant for countries having no raw materials suitable for the production of mushroom casing. The essence of this method is that a raw paste of ingredients is subjected to mechanical action and in the course of this action extra fibres are gradually added to the paste, fibres which quickly enter the inside of the paste and carry out the function of binding of the material being mixed (primary conglutination). Under continued mechanical action and by adding the rest of the said fibres, agglomeration of formed crumbles occurs (secondary conglutination).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Kestutis Juscius
  • Publication number: 20140338257
    Abstract: A novel strain of Pleurotus nebrodensis (Daewang No. 1, Accession No.: KACC93181P) and a method for cultivating it are provided. The novel strain of Pleurotus nebrodensis is different from the existing Pleurotus ferulae in shape and physiological characteristic, has an extra after-ripening period, can be grown at a low temperature of 22 to 25° C. and a low water content (RH) of 60 to 650, can be cultivated in slightly acid environment of pH 5.5 to 6.5, can utilize bottle cultivation, and has a good shape not to be easily damaged in packaging. Thus, the novel strain of Pleurotus nebrodensis according to the present invention have good commercial value, are more resistant to environmental change, and can be mass produced by automation system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2014
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventor: You Song Kim
  • Publication number: 20140306039
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for treating a plastic and/or paper waste material having steps including collecting a plastic and/or paper waste material, preferably paper, and highly preferably a release coated cellulose or polymeric sheet material. The material already includes a selected new-use additive preferably selected from flame retardant, hydrophobic material, pesticide, herbicides, minerals, nutrients, and/or mixtures thereof. The method includes the step of preparing the collected material by mixing, separating foreign bodies like metals, etc., and feeding it to a grinding station. The method also includes the step of, in one or several grinding stations, shredding and grinding the materials into small pieces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Eric Van Pottelbergh, Bart Verhasselt
  • Publication number: 20140271704
    Abstract: Methods are described for producing reduced, methylated, biologically active forms of folate, including 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (i.e. 5-methyltetrahydropteroylglutamic acid), 5-formyltetrahydrofolate, 10-formyltetrahydrofolate and tetrahydrofolate. Edible mushroom-producing fungi are cultivated to enhance the uptake of pteroylmonoglutamate (synthetic folate) into edible portions of the plants. The mushroom-producing fungi reduce and methylate the pteroylmonoglutamates into activated folates. The cultivated mycelia or mushrooms of the mushroom-producing fungi are harvested, and may be consumed directly or processed into oral dosage formats (capsules, tablets, softgels, powders, gel packets, liquids, nutritional bars, beverages) for use as functional foods or nutritional supplements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: JARROW FORMULAS, INC.
    Inventors: Peilin Guo, Jarrow L. Rogovin