Root Patents (Class 47/32)
  • Patent number: 9572309
    Abstract: An adjustable planter disk comprised of a circular disk constructed of a single resin composite sheet is disclosed. The sheet has a first terminating end that overlaps, or partially overlaps, a second terminating end. The sheet includes a peripheral edge and center hole. The first terminating end rotates overtop the second terminating end and latches thereto using a pair of hooks on the first terminating end and a series of corresponding holes on the second terminating end to create differing radii. The sheet is divided into a plurality of sectors, each sector including a living hinge that runs from the peripheral edge to the center that allows for the first terminating end to extend and contract. Additionally, along the peripheral edge of the circular are a plurality of water drainage holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: Suncast Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Brian J. Russell, Michael R. Vogler, Michael Thuma
  • Patent number: 9516822
    Abstract: An aeroponic growth system comprising a plurality of modular aeroponic units each including at least one spray nozzle directed into a root zone; a lighting system associated with the plurality of the modular units and configured for emitting light in a vegetative zone; a pressurized reservoir configured for housing a nutrient containing fluid; and a nutrient feeding system configured for fluidly and selectively connecting each of the modular units to the pressurized reservoir in parallel, wherein the nutrient feeding system includes a pressure stop valve associated with each of the modular units. When one of the modular units are disconnected to the associated pressure stop valve, the pressure stop valve is configured for preventing the fluid from flowing from the pressurized reservoir through the pressure stop valve, and the other modular units connected to the nutrient feeding system remain fluidly connected to the pressure reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Inventors: Daegan Gonyer, Shaun Jones
  • Patent number: 9326456
    Abstract: An agricultural wrap includes a continuous planar main body formed of a flexible and permeable material, an amount of growing matter, and at least one irrigation tube. The body has first and second sides, first and second ends, an inner surface, an outer surface disposed against a base surface, and at least one aperture. With the growing matter disposed against the inner surface, the first and second sides are positioned around the growing matter to define a holding pocket. An irrigation tube being disposed against the main body and above the base surface leaks water that permeates through the main body and saturates the growing matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Inventor: William Edward Wright
  • Patent number: 9155338
    Abstract: Certain embodiments provide a variably-sized removable portion integrated into an object. The object may include a surface and a variably-sized removable portion that includes separation edges that define a shape of the variably-sized removable portion. In certain embodiments, each of the separation edges is a different size and is concentrically-aligned with each other. Certain embodiments provide that each of the separations edges is separable from the surface of the object such that a size of an opening left when one of the separation edges is separated from the surface is variable depending on the size of the separation edge selected to be separated from the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: PDQ MAZOO, LLC
    Inventor: Richard B. Mazursky
  • Patent number: 9115507
    Abstract: A landscaping post guard comprising a base, a lower collar and an upper collar is disclosed. The base comprises a side wall having an upper lip, a tray extending inwardly from the side wall below the upper lip, a central opening, and a raised lip around said central opening. The lower collar fits inside of the side wall, below the tray. The upper collar fits inside of said raised lip around said central opening. A guard comprising a planar sheet that connects a raised peripheral rim to a central upwardly extending wall is also disclosed. Tabs extend inwardly from an upper portion of the inner wall and a slit extends from the raised peripheral rim to the central wall. A spike band may be secured to the peripheral rim.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Inventor: Timothy J. Wyrostek
  • Patent number: 8677687
    Abstract: A root ball including soil disposed in and around root system and a layer of agricultural polymer around the soil and root system. The agricultural polymer creates a root ball having a semi-permeable, solid outer layer, which provides protection for the root system and eliminates the need for a container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Inventor: George Pierce Nottingham
  • Patent number: 8567118
    Abstract: The belowground tree anchoring apparatus (10) includes a blanket (12), a plurality of stakes (16), and a plurality of ties (14). The blanket (12) fits over the root ball (B) at the base of the trunk (R) of the tree (T) and has a center opening and an elongated, radial slit (22) for facilitating this arrangement. The blanket (12) has a plurality of peripheral tie attachment holes, which may be reinforced with grommets. The stakes (16) are driven into the planting hole (H) at the bottom of the hole (H), and each stake (16) is connected to the blanket by a tie (14), and each tie (14) is attached to the blanket (12) at one of the peripheral grommets. When the ties (14) are fully tensioned, the blanket (12) holds the root ball (B) tightly to the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Inventors: Sarah E. Farmer, James W. Farmer
  • Patent number: 8484888
    Abstract: Disclosed is an exemplary landscape soil and moisture retaining device. The retaining device may include a wall having a first region and a second region adjacent the first region, the second region inclined relative to the first region, and a flange extending outward from the first region of the wall. The retaining device may further include a raised lip extending from the flange and defining an upper edge of the retaining device. The second region of the wall defining a bottom edge of the retaining device, such that the flange is arranged between the upper and bottom edges of the retaining device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: AMBA Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Andrew M. Butler
  • Patent number: 8448678
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for passively collecting water in an environment where dew forms are disclosed. The apparatus has a radial body which includes a hydrophobic surface that is supported at a slope of about 10 to 80 degrees from the direction of gravity. The apparatus may also include ridges which increase the surface area of the body thus increasing dew collection and provide shade which reduces the temperature increase of the body when the apparatus is exposed to sunlight. The method includes supporting a hydrophobic radial surface at a slope of about 10 to 80 degrees from the direction of gravity and waiting for dew or condensation to form on the hydrophobic surface and run down the hydrophobic surface to either a reservoir or a beneficiary of the passively collected water, such as the roots of a plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Inventor: Robert Kenneth Edwin Mitchell
  • Publication number: 20130036664
    Abstract: An eco-safe plant protector, consisting of a top surface of highly reflective material, preferably silver, which repels aphids, white flies, and other plant pests. A copper material forms a barrier around the perimeter of the plant protector. This repels snails and kills certain micro organisms. An adhesive on the surface of the plant protector traps insects and other plant pests. An important aspect of the eco-safe plant protector is that it deters or kills plant pests by mechanical means rather than ecologically harmful chemicals, increases plant growth and yield and has a pleasant decorative appearance so that it can be used both indoors and outdoors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 25, 2010
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventor: Alcov Nicholas
  • Patent number: 8347927
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for passively collecting water in an environment where dew forms are disclosed. The apparatus has a radial body which includes a hydrophobic surface that is supported at a slope of about 10 to 80 degrees from the direction of gravity. The apparatus may also include ridges which increase the surface area of the body thus increasing dew collection and provide shade which reduces the temperature increase of the body when the apparatus is exposed to sunlight. The method includes supporting a hydrophobic radial surface at a slope of about 10 to 80 degrees from the direction of gravity and waiting for dew or condensation to form on the hydrophobic surface and run down the hydrophobic surface to either a reservoir or a beneficiary of the passively collected water, such as the roots of a plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Inventor: Robert Kenneth Edwin Mitchell
  • Patent number: 8171669
    Abstract: An air rooting shell comprises a first shell half mateable with a second shell half to form a shell for enclosing around a branch. The shell comprises a reservoir for containing planting medium and an upper lipped opening that receives the branch and collects and funnels water to the reservoir. A bottom opening is provided through which the lower portion of the branch may exit. Side openings on the shell may be used to enclose a branch in a horizontal orientation, while the upper lipped opening remains vertically oriented to receive water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Inventor: Hong Ku Park
  • Publication number: 20110167717
    Abstract: A street tree guard ensuring easy assembly work and having secure coupling strength is provided. The street tree guard includes an inner supporting member which is configured to be installed on a ground around a street tree, an outer supporting member which is configured to be disposed while being spaced apart from the inner supporting member outward, a covering member which configured to be disposed between the inner supporting member and the outer supporting member. Each of the inner supporting member and the outer supporting member includes a plurality of base members configured to be disposed at equal intervals and a plurality of connecting members configured to connect two facing ends of the base members to each other. If a part of the street tree guard is damage, only the damaged part is replaced for maintenance, thereby reducing the maintenance sot. The street tree guard ensures easy installation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Inventor: Kyung-Soo HAN
  • Publication number: 20100218421
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a flowerpot soil protection apparatus featuring a porous stretchable elastic fabric cylinder, wherein the fabric, while stretchable, is carefully chosen to prevent entanglement with fingers and paws. The upper edge of the cylinder features an elasticized sleeve containing a drawstring enabling the upper edge of the stretchable elastic fabric cylinder to be drawn snugly around the stem of a potted plant and secured to maintain the snug fit; the bottom edge of the cylinder features a closed elasticized sleeve containing a closed ring of elasticized cord enabling the bottom edge of the stretchable elastic fabric cylinder to be drawn and held snugly around the rim of a flowerpot containing a potted plant. The apparatus is reusable and easily installed and removed from a variety of flower pots.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Publication date: September 2, 2010
    Inventor: Robert H. Monnes
  • Patent number: 7752805
    Abstract: A walkway adjacent trees is made up of modular sections of perforated plates supported on hinged frames that are supported on spaced piers. Retaining edges of biodegradable material serve to maintain a shallow trench beneath the perforated plates into which leaves or mulch are periodically added. This provides a root-friendly zone under the walkway for tree roots that are watered through the perforated plates and may grow without damaging the walkway. A fringe of plantings maintains the trench level when the biodegradable material disintegrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Inventor: Donna Lilborn
  • Patent number: 7685764
    Abstract: Methods of manufacturing multi-colored mulch pads include providing a mold; mixing together a rubber component, a binder and a first coloring agent to form a matrix having a first colored surface; and introducing a second coloring agent onto the matrix to create a multicolored skirt having a second colored surface opposite the first colored surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Easy Gardener, Inc.
    Inventor: Richard C. Moore
  • Patent number: 7568308
    Abstract: A soil protection device for inhibiting access to soil surrounding a stem of a potted plant will now be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 1a to 4 of the accompanying drawings. According to the now preferred embodiment, a soil protection device 10 includes a cover member 20 having a generally disk-shaped configuration for lying flat upon soil surrounding a potted plant. While the cover member 20 may include a one-piece construction, the now preferred embodiment includes having first portion 30 pivotally connected to a second portion 40 for relative movement between an open configuration (FIG. 1a) and a closed configuration (FIG. 1a). Each portion includes a generally hemispherical configuration such that the cover member 20 presents a disk-shaped configuration when the portions are at the closed configuration. Of course, other configurations would also be suitable depending on the geometry of plant receptacle with which it is being used, e.g. a square or rectangular configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2009
    Inventors: Brian Ronald Stearns, Leigh Ann Stearns
  • Publication number: 20090158648
    Abstract: A mulch mat made of recyclable material is provided having a mulch-appearing surface made of recycled material such as rubber and another surface made of a plant inhibiting fabric. The fabric extends beyond the mulch-appearing surface on at least one edge of the mat to provide an area upon which another of the mats may be positioned to prevent weed, grass and other plants from growing between the mats. In addition, the mulch mat may include fertilizer to nourish nearby trees, bushes and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Inventors: Richard C. Moore, JR., Sheila B. Jones
  • Publication number: 20080098647
    Abstract: A method of operating equipment around trees. The method includes the steps of: providing a plurality of modules; joining the plurality of modules to each other in an operative state at a site wherein the plurality of modules are placed against a ground surface over roots of at least one adjacent tree so that water can be directed at least one of (a) through at least one of the joined modules and (b) between the joined modules to be directed against, and evaporated from, the ground surface; moving equipment against the plurality of joined modules so that weight forces for the equipment are distributed through the plurality of modules over a substantial area of the ground surface to avoid application of concentrated forces that may inflict damage to the tree roots; and removing the plurality of modules from the site after moving the equipment against the plurality of joined modules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Publication date: May 1, 2008
    Inventor: Delbert Sandlin
  • Patent number: 7353635
    Abstract: A tree root ball wrapping apparatus (100) includes a circular platform (109, 113) for supporting a separable, open-frame, root-containment structure (103, 105, 107) having an inverted conical shape. A group of pivot joints (201, 203, 205, 207) are located at an upper section of the root-containment structure for separating the root-containment structure into half sections. In practice, the group of pivot joints can be opened during tree transplantation for providing removal of a root ball from the wrapping apparatus by opening the sections at the group of pivot joints for easily facilitating removal of the wrapping apparatus (100) from within a transplantation hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Inventor: William P. Westrate
  • Publication number: 20080022588
    Abstract: The tree ring is a one-piece device formed from a planar member shaped as an annulus that defines a central opening. Disposed along an outer edge of the planar member is a raised wall for retaining mulch, soil nutrients, and the like in the immediate region surrounding a tree. The raised wall extends to an upper portion to form an arcuate, inverted U-shaped lip directed away from the central opening. When the tree is disposed through the central opening, the wall and planar member cooperate to retain mulch material about the base of a tree. The upper portion lip limits encroachment of grass and weeds upon the tree while providing an esthetically pleasing appearance. The lip is designed to provide sufficient clearance so that a lawn mower, string trimmer, and the like, may be run proximate to the device without disturbing the tree or surrounding mulch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2007
    Publication date: January 31, 2008
    Inventor: Derek S. Tijerina
  • Patent number: 7207137
    Abstract: The invention relates to a set of components used for producing a load-bearing structure for gratings, comprising pillars and support beams which are removably connected to the pillars via couplings. Flat network-type supporting frames of variable sizes can be formed by using couplings that preferably comprise four connecting elements which are arranged in a cruciform manner for the corresponding connecting elements of the supporting beams. A vertical space can be created between two supporting frames by means of spacers that are disposed on the pillars.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Assignee: F.von Langsdorff Licensing, Ltd.
    Inventor: Georg Wagner
  • Patent number: 7160054
    Abstract: An expanding grass or weed inhibitor around a growing tree or shrub trunk with a series of overlapping, semi-circular wings (16) attached to the base (10), rotating via multiple pivot bolts (18). With an expanding trunk (14) diameter, the pressure of the trunk forces the semi-circular winds to move away from the trunk. Due to the overlapping of the semi-circular wings, their mutually-applied pressure blocks sturdier grass or weeds from uplifting the wings (16) or permeating the base (10). Along the perimeter of the base (10), a barrier wall (12) prevents the semi-circular wings from rotating too far respective to the trunk (14). For the purpose of mounting, base (10) pivots via a pivot bolt (18) while opening along slit at pivot side of base (26). On the opposite side of the base (10), slit at opening side of base (24) opens to account for a wide range of trunk diameters. To secure the base (10), lockable bolt (20) transects a hole connecting to lockable bolt (22).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2007
    Inventor: Gary LeRoy Smiley
  • Patent number: 7082713
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a rollable artificial mulch carpet that includes a permeable base upon which simulated wood chips have been adhered. In one embodiment, the rollable mulch carpet is manufactured on rolls of varying lengths that are placed onto the soil surfaces of gardening areas to provide a mulch-like surface that allows penetration of moisture and atmosphere to the plants in the garden and a mulch-like appearance that resists deterioration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Inventor: Gary Buhrman
  • Patent number: 7080479
    Abstract: A device for covering the space between a top container rim of an inner plant growing container and the inside wall of an outer decorative container in which the inner plant growing container is placed, includes a plurality of arcuate pieces pivotally joined end to end, the device having opposite unconnected ends. The arcuate pieces are joined in a manner so that the device can be adjustably moved into ring configurations of different diameters to approximately fit within the inner wall of the decorative outer container and rest on the top rim of the inner growing container. Clips or tabs extend downwardly from the device to cooperate with the top rim of the inner container to hold the pieces from moving inwardly, thereby maintaining the adjusted diameter of the device and holding the device in position on top of the inner container. The device can be produced in a plurality of sizes, each size adjustable over a range of diameters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2006
    Inventors: Bonnie Dallimore, Jimmy E. Holbrook
  • Patent number: 7013597
    Abstract: A tree ring that inhibits and/or prevents vegetation growth around the trunks of trees. The tree ring comprises an elastic outer peripheral edge and an elastic inner peripheral edge. In between elastic outer peripheral edge and the elastic inner peripheral edge is a flexible sheet. The flexible sheet has a plurality of holes. The tree ring is removably secured onto a tree pot of any dimension, size, or shape. The elastic outer peripheral edge stretches around the rim of the tree pot, and the elastic inner peripheral edge snugly fits around a tree trunk. It is noted that the distance between the elastic outer peripheral edge and the elastic inner peripheral edge that makes up flexible sheet may vary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Inventor: Oscar Dominguez
  • Patent number: 6976334
    Abstract: An outdoor planter system with a central opening through which a plant may grow. The planter portion surrounding the central opening is inwardly and downwardly sloped, generally impervious to liquid and light, and thereby directs liquid to the central opening while simultaneously preventing undesirable growth of weeds and the like about a central plant. The outer perimeter of the planter has several keyways for removably attachment of a planter cover. The keyways are also adapted to receive plant growing or animal protection cages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2005
    Inventor: Mark L. Bowditch
  • Patent number: 6837487
    Abstract: A weed guard that prevents weeds from growing along fences, buildings and other structures. The weed guard may be secured to the bottom of a fence, to vertically oriented structures, such as buildings or walls, or to horizontally oriented structures, such as sidewalks and driveways. The fence protecting weed guard has a plurality of linear guard links. The weed guard also has a plurality of post securing slots that secure adjacent linear guard links to one another while they are positioned around a fence post. The weed guard for building structures is a flexible, elongated body with a plurality of planar projection portions. One of the projection portions is mounted against the structure that is protected, one of the projection portions extends into the ground and one of the projection portions rests on top of the weeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2005
    Inventors: George M. Oden, Dottie L. Ross
  • Publication number: 20040200140
    Abstract: A flexible, porous and durable tree well skirt and a sidewalk structure are made of a cushion base of butadiene rubber and a wear layer of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM). The butadiene rubber is mixed with an isocyanate polyurethane binder and spread on the ground around the tree to form the cushion base of the tree well skirt. The EPDM is mixed with an isocyanate polyurethane binder and spread over the cushion base to form the wear layer. The cushion base and wear layer structure used for a sidewalk is spread over a stabilized porous base.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2004
    Publication date: October 14, 2004
    Inventor: Karoleen B. Alexander
  • Patent number: 6754989
    Abstract: A shielding apparatus secured to landscaping material is disclosed for shielding a plant from weed growth. The apparatus includes an elongate plate having a first and a second edge, the plate defining an opening which is disposed between the edges of the plate for the growth therethrough of the plant. A first rail removably cooperates with the first edge of the plate such that the landscaping material is locked between the first rail and the first edge of the plate. Also, a second rail removably cooperates with the second edge of the plate such that the landscaping material is locked between the second rail and the second edge of the plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2004
    Inventor: Todd Eicher
  • Patent number: 6705044
    Abstract: Adjustable landscaping ergonomic pads of various shapes adapted for covering the soil around the trunks of shrubs, trees, and garden plants to completely eliminate and retard the growth of weeds and other undesirable plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Inventor: Francis C. Clancey
  • Publication number: 20030204987
    Abstract: A shielding apparatus secured to landscaping material is disclosed for shielding a plant from weed growth. The apparatus includes an elongate plate having a first and a second edge, the plate defining an opening which is disposed between the edges of the plate for the growth therethrough of the plant. A first rail removably cooperates with the first edge of the plate such that the landscaping material is locked between the first rail and the first edge of the plate. Also, a second rail removably cooperates with the second edge of the plate such that the landscaping material is locked between the second rail and the second edge of the plate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 6, 2002
    Publication date: November 6, 2003
    Inventor: Todd Eicher
  • Patent number: 6640490
    Abstract: A plant-protection mat, particularly in the form of a perforated disk which, in the use position above the root bale of a plant, is intended as soil covering. The perforated disk is formed from a coconut fiber nonwoven having coconut fibers bonded by latex. The coconut fibers of the perforated disk, on the one hand, are fixed by way of contour-forming stiffening edges and, on the other, the perforated disk in the region of the upper and lower covering zones, has pore structures with different opening widths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2003
    Inventor: Eberhard Boehringer
  • Publication number: 20030182852
    Abstract: Adjustable landscaping ergonomic pads of various shapes adapted for covering the soil around the trunks of shrubs, trees, and garden plants to completely eliminate and retard the growth of weeds and other undesirable plants.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2003
    Publication date: October 2, 2003
    Inventor: Francis C. Clancey
  • Publication number: 20030126792
    Abstract: A water permeable membrane capable of blocking the growth of plant and tree roots only in a mechanical way. This membrane comprises n layers of a non-woven material having a predetermined thickness and n+1 layers of an impermeable material perforated with holes to allow drainage of water, where n is an integer equal or greater than 1. The layers of non woven and impermeable material are in alternate position so that two layers of impermeable material form external layers of the water permeable membrane, and each layer of non-woven material is positioned between two layers of the impermeable material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2002
    Publication date: July 10, 2003
    Applicant: TEXEL INC.
    Inventor: Richard Auger
  • Patent number: 6562331
    Abstract: A mating disruption method for the control of insect pests comprises releasing a sex pheromone in a field wherein an adsorption of the sex pheromone to a soil in the field is decreased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuya Ito, Takehiko Fukumoto, Kinya Ogawa, Fumiaki Mochizuki
  • Patent number: 6523300
    Abstract: A slope guard device having one or more panels formed of impervious material, interlocking along their periphery to form a rigid annular unit capable of encircling a planted area on a slope. The panels define an inner side adjacent to roots, and an outer side remote from roots, said panels of varying heights to allow a user to customize a slope profile to a slope where taller panels support the slope above the planted area. Vanes extend from the panels and project inwardly from the inner side of the panels. The vanes direct root growth. Vents are attachable to some of the vanes each having an open upper end and open lower end, said vents providing additional structural support for the slope guard. The vents guide steel stakes that can be driven into the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2003
    Inventor: Floyd T. Smith
  • Patent number: 6446400
    Abstract: An anti-vegetation system for retarding growth around a structure extending from the ground includes a plurality of mats. A first mat includes at least one predefined scoring pattern to accommodate the shape of the structure extending from the ground. A plurality of scoring patterns can be included to accommodate a variety of shapes and sizes. When a scoring pattern it utilized, and the corresponding portion optionally removed, the mat can be positioned on the ground and partially around the structure extending from the surface. A second mat is positioned adjacent to the first mat and effectively surrounds the structure extending from the ground. Additional mats can be placed adjacent to the first and the second mat to increase the size of the protected area. Adjacent edges can utilize corresponding outwardly extending lips to improve the sealing efficiency of the edge-to-edge regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Assignee: Welch Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Howard V. Block, Anthony W. Bradley
  • Patent number: 6349500
    Abstract: A mound-like tree skirt has a generally dome-shaped body and is designed for placement around a tree. The body has an apex with an approximately centered opening to accommodate the tree's trunk. It also has a peripheral edge with a substantially horizontal anchor lip extending circumferentially therefrom. A radial slit extending from the approximately centered opening to the peripheral edge allows the mound-like tree skirt to be slipped around a tree until the tree's trunk is in the centered opening. At least one hole in the anchor lip and a corresponding number of anchor stakes hold the tree skirt in position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2002
    Inventor: Peggy L. Popham
  • Patent number: 6272792
    Abstract: A hollow, bottomless container for shipping and displaying plants. The container is formed of an elongate, rectangular strip of a resilient material that is folded into a triangular sleeve in which a seed ball is placed. The container is formed such that pressure exerted by the seed ball on the side walls of the container does not cause the container to open, but serves to hold the seed ball within the container, negating the need for a bottom surface on the container. The container may also include printed matter on the exterior of the container, as the resilient strip forming the container is also printable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Inventor: Jan M. Van den Kieboom
  • Patent number: 5953857
    Abstract: A method for controlling plant growth by exposing plants to light passing through a covering material comprising a base material containing a colorant. The type and content of the colorant are chosen to provide a photosynthetically effective photon flux (PPF) transmittance of 50% or greater when light is passed through the covering material, and an A value suitable for the purpose of promoting or retarding the growth of plants irradiated with light transmitted by the covering material, the A value being defined by the following equation:A=R/Frwhere R is the photon flux of red light in the wavelength range of 600 to 700 nm and Fr is the photon flux of far red light in the wavelength range of 700 to 800 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1999
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Ichiro Aiga, Katsusuke Murakami, Shuhei Ikado, Ryu Nakamura, Ryu Oi, Kazuhiro Seino, Keisuke Takuma
  • Patent number: 5866269
    Abstract: A novel agricultural mulch and improved method of arranging the mulch on a growing field with furrows is disclosed wherein the mulch is made of an extensible paper substrate having a top surface and a bottom surface with side sections near the edges of the substrate capable of being turned up and bent back over the top surface of the paper substrate as the mulch is laid down over the growing field; the bottom surface of the paper substrate will be exposed for receiving soil from the field to anchor the mulch and protect it against the weathering of rain, sun and wind.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1999
    Assignee: Appleton Papers Inc.
    Inventors: Dean Dalebroux, Kenneth Glanz
  • Patent number: 5853541
    Abstract: A degradable agricultural mulch, mat or ground cover including cotton linters fibers, hardwood kraft pulp fibers, softwood kraft pulp fibers, and a water holdout material which is strong enough to be laid mechanically and is 100% photo- or biodegradable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventors: Stephen H. Monroe, James A. Goettmann, Gerald A. Funk
  • Patent number: 5672434
    Abstract: A novel agricultural mulch is disclosed comprising a paper substrate having coated thereon on the top and bottom side film forming latexes resistant to water permeability. The superior paper mulch according to the invention is degradable but possesses most of the beneficial aspects of polyethylene-type mulches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 30, 1997
    Assignee: Appleton Papers Inc.
    Inventors: Dean G. Dalebroux, Peggy D. Sands, Robert E. Miller, Lowell Schleicher, Kenneth D. Glanz
  • Patent number: 5379558
    Abstract: A ground covering mat creating a safe working environment around certain pedestals containing electrical and/or telephone equipment and for preventing the growth of vegetation around ground-anchored structures in general. Such structures include fire hydrants, pedestals for containing telephone or electrical circuitry, and gas vents. The mat includes a main body defined by an outer perimeter. The mat is constructed from synthetic fibers saturated with a resin containing ultraviolet inhibitors and a fire-retardant. The mat is resilient so as to conform to the shape of the ground for which it covers. The mat is designed to be substantially non-biodegradable. In a preferred embodiment, the mat has a concentric series of scored profiles defining successively larger interior sections. The scored profiles facilitate a user in cutting a central open area corresponding in with the size of the ground anchored structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1995
    Assignee: R. E. Mason Enterprises
    Inventor: Russell E. Mason, III
  • Patent number: 5212904
    Abstract: The fertilizing apparatus comprises a diffusion member having a porous member associated with it to retain fertilizer inside a compartment defined by the diffusion member. The diffusion member provides a diffusion pathway that is protected from gravitational water flow and rapid temperature fluctuation. The compartment is filled with fertilizer and inserted into growth media adjacent a plant's root system so that the diffusion pathway is substantially occupied by the plant growth media. A plurality of diffusion members, each member having a different length, may be used to establish diffusion times for specific fertilizer formulations. The fertilizing apparatus can be adapted for use with a closed, insulated pallet system for producing container-grown plants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1993
    Assignee: State of Oregon acting by and through the State Board of Higher Education on behalf of Oregon State University
    Inventors: James L. Green, Bruce A. Briggs, Doris L. Briggs
  • Patent number: 5154032
    Abstract: A mortarless building block system employs primary blocks with projection on the top sides and recesses on the bottom sides to lock different courses of primary blocks together in a wall. The primary blocks in one course are rotated by with respect to the primary blocks in the next course. Each primary block has a generally rectangular main portion and a bulbous portion of the same width as the main portion. The bulbous portion is joined to the main portion at one end thereof, and the other end of the main portion has a concave socket region which receives the bulbous portion of another primary block. The bulbous portion may be shaped as an incomplete regular dodecagon (12-sided polygon), irregular polygon, or cylinder. In addition to the primary blocks, the building block system includes covers for the top course of primary blocks and auxiliary blocks corresponding to the bulbous portions of the primary blocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1992
    Assignee: Firma Hermann Uhl
    Inventor: Karl Ritter
  • Patent number: 5142818
    Abstract: A torroidal outer ring is positioned with a plant coaxially thereof, wherein the torroidal outer ring includes ring segments securable relative to one another in an end-to-end relationship receiving spikes between ring segment junctions to secure the rings together and to an underlying ground surface. A cylindrical trough is directed about a top wall of the ring member, including apertures to direct fluid therethrough. A central insert is positioned medially to the top wall, including a fertilizer to be dispersed through each interior cavity of each ring segment to the underlying ground surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1992
    Inventor: Charles J. Weigert
  • Patent number: 5085001
    Abstract: A mulch skirt for inhibiting the growth of vegetation around a tree or post is formed from a single sheet having an initial axial opening and a slit extending from the axial opening to a point on the periphery of the skirt. A plurality of adjustment strips are formed around the axial opening by successive concentric rows of serrations. The mulch skirt can be custom-sized on the site to fit around a selected tree or post by removing an inner portion of the mulch skirt along a selected row of serrations corresponding in diameter to the base diameter of the tree or post with which the mulch skirt is to be used. The mulch skirt may be stabilized by a ring extending around the periphery of the skirt and by anchor pins fastening the ring to the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Inventor: Michael S. Crawley
  • Patent number: 5065543
    Abstract: A tree guard mat is made from flexible fiber ropes or fibrous strips arranged in concentric rings to form a mat. For installation around a tree, a selected number of inner rings may be removed until a central hole is equal in diameter to the diameter of the tree. In one embodiment, the ends of the concentric rings are joined along a separation radius so that a gap may be created through which the mat can be installed around a tree trunk. The mat is water and gas permeable, and will suppress plant growth around the base of the tree so that trimming is unnecessary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1991
    Inventor: Alan R. Brook