Closure Hinged To Carriage Patents (Class 49/223)
  • Patent number: 9765557
    Abstract: A sliding door guide, including a rail designed to be fastened against a vertical panel, the rail extending along a longitudinal axis, and a carriage designed to be fastened to the door, the carriage being provided with means for sliding along the rail, the sliding means including a stop opposing the movement of the carriage relative to the rail in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, wherein the stop can deform elastically under the effect of a force in the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, so as to allow a separation between the carriage and the rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: Fermod
    Inventor: Francis Lecot
  • Patent number: 9146201
    Abstract: An x-ray inspection system using backscatter of an x-ray beam emitted through a scan panel contiguous with, but of a material distinct from, an enclosure that contains an x-ray source by which the x-ray beam is generated. The scan panel is contoured in such a manner as to be visibly blended with a shape characterizing the enclosure. In some embodiments, the beam traverses multiple scan panels, where one or more of the scan panels may be selected for beam filtration properties. The scan panel may be disposed interior to a sliding door, and may be structured to serve as a scatter shield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: American Science and Engineering, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey Schubert, Jeffrey M. Denker, Jason Toppan, Michael Chesna, Richard Mastronardi, Robyn Smith, Richard Schueller, Jeffrey Illig
  • Patent number: 8925248
    Abstract: A vehicle door structure comprises a slide door panel for opening and closing a front region of a rear door opening of a vehicle body and a swing door panel for opening and closing a rear region of the rear door opening in cooperation with the slide door panel, swing door panel lock mechanisms for locking the swing door panel with respect to the vehicle body when the swing door panel is fully closed, and slidability setting mechanisms provided with the vehicle body. Slide rails are provided in upper and lower parts of the vehicle body, while rollers are attached to upper and lower parts of the slide door panel. The slidability setting mechanisms permit the rollers to be introduced to the slide rails only when the swing door panel is locked with respect to the vehicle body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Jidoshokki
    Inventors: Katsuya Maruyama, Yoshio Ojima
  • Patent number: 8701348
    Abstract: Provided is a slide door device for a vehicle, including: a body side lower rail disposed below a door opening formed on a side of a vehicle body and extends in a front-rear direction; a body side rail disposed above the body side lower rail and behind the door opening and extends in the front-rear direction; a door side lower guide roller unit and a door side guide roller unit connected to a slide door and configured to slide on the body side lower rail and the body side rail respectively; a door side lower rail disposed in a lower portion of the slide door positioned below the floor surface in the door opening and extends in the front-rear direction; and a body side lower guide roller unit connected to the lower portion of the door opening and configured to slide on the door side lower rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yoshichika Ito, Junji Yamaguchi, Tomohide Kato
  • Patent number: 8381444
    Abstract: A sliding door assembly has a frame with a movable panel and a fixed panel. The movable panel has a pair of rollers that roll along a header located above the panels with the rollers attached to the movable panel via posts that pass through a channel on the header. The posts pass through a curved section of the channel whenever the movable panel is proximate its closed position and a straight section of channel when the movable panel is traveling laterally. The movable panel presses against a gasket located on the frame components surrounding the movable panel wherein one or more latches press the movable panel against the gasket whenever this panel is in the closed position. Valve is positioned within a weep hole on the threshold in order to prevent water from seeping into the building via the bottom of the door assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: EAS Doors and Windows, Inc.
    Inventors: Timothy J. McDonald, Jerry Osborne, Jerald Bunyan, Giorgio Giuriato
  • Patent number: 8234816
    Abstract: A door that is pivotable and slidable relative to a vehicle includes an articulated arm pivotably supported at a pivot joint, a guide carriage displaceably guided by a guide rail and coupled to the pivot joint, a tie rod, the tie rod being hingedly connected to the guide carriage, and a spring-loaded index bolt which is vertically displaceable. The door further comprises a rotary slide having a rotary slide surface which dictates vertical movement of the index bolt between a first position in which the articulated arm and the tie rod are engaged by the index bolt so that the articulated arm and the tie rod rotate in unison and a second position in which the tie rod is disengaged from the index bolt so that the articulated arm pivots relative to the tie rod.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Dura Automotive Plettenberg Entwicklungs-und Vertreibs GmbH
    Inventors: Gerd Heuel, Ralf Rottmann, Dirk Rau
  • Patent number: 8122644
    Abstract: A pivotable, sliding door is provided that includes a door leaf and a first roller lever disposed adjacent to a lateral closing edge of the door leaf. The first roller lever defines first and second ends. A guide rail is disposed on the door leaf. A roller is disposed on the first end of the first roller lever and in the guide rail. A locking element is disposed on the second end of the first roller lever. A retaining element, affixable to a door frame, is disposed adjacent to the second end of the first roller lever, the retaining element defining a stop and a predetermined, curved track. The first roller lever is displaceable along the predetermined, curved track to the stop. In the stop position, the first roller lever is pivotable into a locked position where the locking element engages the retaining element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Knorr-Bremse Gesellschaft mit beschrankter Haftung
    Inventor: Reinhold Jarolim
  • Patent number: 7896425
    Abstract: A simultaneous movement system for a vehicle door is provided. The system includes a simultaneous movement system comprising first and second primary hinge arms, first and second secondary hinge arms, primary and secondary rails and guide track. The second primary hinge arm and the second secondary hinge arm are pivotally mounted to a vehicle body structure on one end and are pivotally mounted to a primary slide and a secondary slide at the other ends respectively. The first primary hinge arm includes a guide track region and a rail region. The primary rail receives a primary slide. The secondary rail receives a secondary slide. The guide track receive the guide track region of the primary hinge arm thereby allowing the primary hinge arm to travel along both the guide track and the primary rail simultaneously through the guide track region and the rail region of the primary hinge arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2011
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Adrian Elliott, Jason Falenski, David Lechkun, Craig Blust
  • Patent number: 7845116
    Abstract: When a sliding door (3) as a plate-like object is moved in a front and rear direction from a closed position to an opening preparation position, a rotatable rail (20) rotates from a horizontal lying position to a vertical standing position about a rotation axis (L1). When the sliding door is in the opening preparation position, a roller (40) of the sliding door (3) rides on a running track (25b) of the rotatable rail (20). When the sliding door (3) is further moved from the opening preparation position to an open position, the roller (40) transfers from the running track (25b) to an auxiliary track (26) of an adjacent rotatable rail (20). The rotatable rail (20) is biased toward the standing position by an elastic force of a torsion spring (18) and maintained in the standing position by an arm (13). This allows the sliding door (3) to be returned to the opening preparation position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Sugatsune Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Masuda
  • Patent number: 7669367
    Abstract: A horizontal wall is formed with a notch groove. The notch groove is formed by cutting a tip end of the horizontal wall on the side of the vehicle body substantially along an approaching/separating direction between a vehicle body and a slide door. A connecting unit which turnably connects a plate and a roller holder of a connection assembly to each other is movably inserted into the notch groove. The plate and the horizontal wall of the bracket are fastened to each other in a state where they are superposed on each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2010
    Assignee: Mitsui Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryoji Shimura, Hiroshi Morinaga
  • Patent number: 7552561
    Abstract: The drive for a sliding door or a swinging-sliding door of a rail vehicle, comprising a guide rail which is fixed inside the rail vehicle and on which a carriage carrying a door leave is arranged in a longitudinally displaceable and optionally rotatable manner, and a spindle drive provided with a spindle which extends parallel to the guide rail and a spindle nut which is connected to the carriage in a fixed manner in the direction of the axis of the spindle. The spindle nut and the carriage are connected by means of a rotative sliding joint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Knorr-Bremse GmbH
    Inventor: Alfred Schneckenleitner
  • Patent number: 7549251
    Abstract: A pivoting sliding door for vehicles, particularly rail vehicles or lift cabins. The pivoting sliding door includes a vehicle body, at least one door wing which, in a closed position is arranged within the vehicle body and which, in an opened position is arranged in front of and on an exterior side of the vehicle body. Further included is at least one driving device, at least two transverse guiding devices and at least one longitudinal guiding device to permit a transverse movement of the at least one door wing to and along the vehicle body. The at least one longitudinal guiding device is moved by the at least two transverse guiding devices, and the at least one door wing is locked by a pivoting part that engages in one of the at least two transverse guiding devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Knorr-Bremse Ges.m.b.H.
    Inventor: Reinhold Jarolim
  • Patent number: 7178853
    Abstract: A vehicle door for fitting to a vehicle body includes a vehicle door frame, and a pivot arm coupled to the door frame. The door frame includes an upper portion, a lower portion, and a pair of opposite sides extending between the upper and lower portions. The pivot arm is coupled to the door frame adjacent one of the opposite sides, and includes a pair of opposite ends. One of the ends of the pivot arm includes a first hinge for pivotally coupling the pivot arm to the vehicle body about a first pivot axis. The other end includes a second hinge pivotally coupling the door frame to the pivot arm about a second pivot axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2007
    Assignee: Intier Automotive Closures Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Lance Oxley, Peter Adam Lejbjuk, Dragan Mrkovic
  • Patent number: 6926342
    Abstract: The invention provides a mechanism for guiding a sliding door of a motor vehicle. The mechanism comprises a rail, a slider movable in the rail, and an arm connected to the slider and connecting the door to the vehicle via the rail. In the mechanism, the rail is arranged to be mounted on the door while the arm is arranged to be mounted on the vehicle. The invention also provides a sliding door and a motor vehicle provided with such a mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignee: Compagnie Plastic Omnium
    Inventors: Maelig Pommeret, Gerald Andre
  • Patent number: 6851743
    Abstract: An apparatus for. A slide mechanism for a door and structural member assembly, the slide mechanism including a frame, a door carrier movably secured to the frame, a door and structural member such as a B-pillar at least partially supported by the door carrier, a slide mechanism that permits the B-pillar and the door to be moved along the door carrier without detaching from the vehicle frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2005
    Assignee: Toto Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael George, James A. O'Brien, II
  • Patent number: 6426164
    Abstract: A non-aqueous electrolyte battery capable of quickly diffusing magnesium ions and improving cycle operation resistance, incorporating a positive electrode containing LixMO2 (where M is an element containing at least Ni or Co) as a positive-electrode active material thereof; a negative electrode disposed opposite to the positive electrode and containing a negative-electrode active material which permits doping/dedoping magnesium ions: and a non-aqueous electrolyte disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode and containing non-aqueous solvent and an electrolyte constituted by magnesium salt, wherein the value of x of LixMO2 satisfies a range 0.1≦x≦0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2002
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Yamaura, Hisashi Kajiura
  • Patent number: 6386621
    Abstract: A reverse opening vehicle door is provided (10), including a door body (16) having a fore portion (18) and an aft portion (20), a catch mechanism (50), and a hinge mechanism (70). The catch mechanism (50) and the hinge mechanism (70) permit the door body (16) to move between at least three positions including a closed position (22) having a fore closed position (30) and an aft closed position (32), an intermediate position (24) having an aft intermediate position (34) located outboard and rearward of the aft closed position (32) and a fore intermediate position (36) located rearward of the fore closed position (30), and an open position (26) in which the fore portion (18) is rotated rearward about the aft intermediate position (34).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward Thomas Kozak, James A. O'Brien, II
  • Patent number: 6286260
    Abstract: A pickup truck having an extended cab passenger compartment and a pair of front doors disposed on opposite sides of the passenger compartment. A sliding rear door is disposed rearward of one of the pair of front doors. The sliding rear door is supported for sliding movement between a closed position and an open position by an upper track and a pair of lower tracks which are each engaged by a corresponding guide arm which is mounted to the sliding rear door. The upper and lower tracks are mounted so as to be concealed from view when the sliding rear door is in the closed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: Chrysler Corporation
    Inventor: Norbert E. Grabowski
  • Patent number: 6216393
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device provided with a driving unit (1) which performs the shift and has a linear drive (8,12) provided with an electric motor (5), and a guide device (9,11). The driven member, formed to be linear, of the linear drive (12) and a member of the guide device (9) are fastened on one hand to the door (3), and the driving member of the linear drive (5,7,8) and the other member of the guide device (11) are fastened on the other hand to a mounting (6) which is supported by way of a support arrangement (22, 23, 24, 25, 26) connected to the wall(4). Said support arrangement converts a movement of the mounting substantially perpendicular to the wall into a swinging movement. A locking unit driven by an electric motor is also provided which locks and unlocks the sliding door by performing a movement perpendicular to the wall when it is positioned to close the opening. Control means which has position switches controls the driving and locking unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2001
    Assignee: Apprich Secur 2000 GmbH
    Inventor: Harry Apprich
  • Patent number: 5896704
    Abstract: An arrangement for mounting a sliding door to a vehicle body for movement between an open position and a closed position. The arrangement includes a guide track mounted to the sliding door, a carriage support arrangement carried by the sliding door and a swing arm. The swing arm is connected to the carriage for pivotal movement about a first axis and to the body for pivotal movement about a second axis. With the sliding door unlatched, the swing-arm rotates the carriage support arrangement and the sliding door through an obtuse swing angle, thereby reducing longitudinal tipping forces on the sliding door. Further, when the swing-arm and sliding door are in the full-open position, the sliding door's center of gravity is only slightly offset aft of the carriage support arrangement, thereby reducing the force needed to remove the swing-arm, carriage support arrangement and vehicle sliding door to a fully-closed position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 27, 1999
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler Corporation
    Inventors: Dorinel Neag, Michael Abney, Thomas Carbone, Keith DeRiso
  • Patent number: 5839228
    Abstract: A screen is provided having overlapping leaves, an upper rail on which the leaves are hung, and a lower rail for guiding the lower ends of the leaves during their sliding movement. A runner element whereby the lower end of an outer one of the leaves is guided with respect to the lower rail, is pivotally displaceable between a first condition in which it engages with the lower rail and a second condition in which it is disengaged from the lower rail, permitting the leaf to swing away from the other leaf. This facilitates cleaning of the leaves in the region where they overlap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Sterling Plumbing Group, Inc.
    Inventor: Philip Duffy
  • Patent number: 5197225
    Abstract: A door closure mechanism comprising a frame and sliding door adapted to close a doorway to effect a shield against electromagnetic radiation and other environmental conditions. The sliding door is suspended for lateral movement and is adapted to bear against the frame and be secured to it to effect a seal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1993
    Assignee: Panashield, RF and Audio Shielding, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Yff
  • Patent number: 4879843
    Abstract: A dual-purpose door system includes a door to be snugly received within an aperture of a vehicle body. The door has the lower end pivotally connected to a slide unit which is mounted upon the body and movable in an outward/inward direction and a sideward direction together with the door for thereby opening and closing the door in an ordinary mode of the system, and the upper end detachably received and guided by a guide unit mounted upon the body. The system further includes an extension board pivotally supported at its one end to the top end of the door and outwardly swingable about the one end subsequent to an outward pivotal movement of the door so as to provide an extended stepping board or path for the passengers in an emergency mode of the system. There is provided a buffer for absorbing objectionable pulses or shock loads which may be impressed upon the door and the board when they are opened in accordance with the latter mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1987
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1989
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Atsushi Hamamoto, Mikio Ichiki
  • Patent number: 4819378
    Abstract: A self-closing door sealing structure is provided with an arrangement for keeping a self-closing sliding fire door in close contact with a three-sided frame in a passage when the sliding fire door is closed so that no smoke or fumes may pass. A first unit is formed so that a sliding door (1) can be moved horizontally so as to be brought into close contact, when the sliding door is closed, with the three-sided passage frame via inclined guides (6) on a side post (18) in the passage frame and inclined guides (4A), (5) which are disposed at the upper and lower portions of the sliding door (1). A second unit is formed so that, when the sliding door (1) is closed, it press-contacts a retractable support frame (47) and an auxiliary frame (36). The auxiliary frame (36) is retracted into an inverted-L-shaped hook frame (32) by an inclined guide member provided behind the sliding door (1). In normal operation, the sliding door (1) is fully opened and held to enable a person to pass through the opened position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 11, 1989
    Inventor: Kazuaki Ando
  • Patent number: 4802307
    Abstract: Tilt-slide mechanism for moving a wing of a window or door to a parallel stop position and in this position for shifting it horizontally. The mechanism has lower and upper shift arms, wherein the lower arms 10 are in each case pivotally mounted (on the one hand) on the lower transverse wing beam and (on the other hand) on a traveling carriage. A releasable blocking device is provided for the lower shift arms when they are located in the parallel position. The blocking device consists of a two-armed hinged supporting lever and a guide pivot pin; its lower arm is shiftable along a guide slot on the wing. The guide pivot pin of the supporting lever combines with a detent recess to join the guide slot on the wing to the blocking device for fixing the lower shift arm relative to the wing in the parallel stop position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: Siegenia-Frank KG
    Inventor: Karl H. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 4703585
    Abstract: A device for opening and closing vehicle doors is proposed, in which pivot levers 15, 16 operate between the vehicle door 10 and the vehicle body 11 and with their ends engage longitudinally displaceable guide elements 25, 26, which run on guide rails 23, 24 located on the vehicle and on the vehicle door 10. The pivot levers 15, 16 indirectly engage the body 11 of the vehicle via an intermediary part 14, and the intermediary part 14 is pivotably attached to the body 11 in the standard door stops 12. The pivot levers 15, 16 form a lever system in the manner of a multi-member kinematic chain, and the kinematics of the lever system can be modified by means of an actuating device such that the vehicle door 10 can function in either the normal swiveling mode or in a sliding mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1987
    Inventor: Hermann Koch
  • Patent number: 4651469
    Abstract: A sliding door mechanism for closing an aperture in a wall comprises an elongate support, a hanger pivotally connected to the support and arranged to be fixed to the door, and an arm on the support extending in the length direction thereof and carrying spaced apart first rollers. A track which, in use, is fixed to the wall, receives the first rollers. A guide rail mounted on the track. Second rollers are mounted on the support for engaging the guide rail. The arrangement is such that, in use, as the door reaches a closed position in which it closes the aperture from an open position in which the aperture is not obstructed by the door, the guide rail and second rollers causes the support to pivot about the contact points of the first rollers with the track and the hanger pivots relative to the support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1987
    Assignee: Genaplast Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Ho Y. Ngian, Yeo C. Lay
  • Patent number: 4559740
    Abstract: A slider assembly for an automotive sliding door is more compact than conventional ones. This compact slider assembly can be obtained by overlapping part of one of vertical and horizontal rollers and the plane of the other in order to reduce the distance between the rotational axles thereof. A bracket supporting the rollers is formed with a recess receiving part of one of the rollers. In the preferred structure, the periphery of the recess is essentially concentric to the chosen one of the rollers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 1983
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1985
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Company, Limited
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Tuchiya, Tatsuo Minami
  • Patent number: 4502246
    Abstract: For the purpose of holding a slide door of a vehicle at its fully opened position, a catch lever is provided on a bracket which is pivotally mounted on the slide door and a stopper means is additionally provided on the bracket to prevent the excessive pivoting of the catch lever. Because of the pivotable mounting of the bracket and the provision of the stopper means, the catch lever is prevented from being interfered by a curved portion of the guide rail guiding the sliding motion of the slide door for smooth opening and closing of the door and the device is free from any pronounced protrusion on the part of both the door and the guide rail.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1985
    Assignee: Nissan Shatai Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tatsuo Minami
  • Patent number: 4268996
    Abstract: A track assembly for a sliding closure member comprising a track extending in a longitudinal direction. A support arm is mounted at one end in the track for travelling movement along the track by a connecting means which retains the arm generally perpendicular to the track during part of the travelling movement. The connecting means also permits rotation of the arm about an axis perpendicular to the common plane of the track and arm in one end region of the track. The connecting means comprises a ball roller mounted on the arm for rolling movement along the track when the arm is generally perpendicular to the track. The ball roller also permits rotation of the connecting means about the axis perpendicular to the common plane of the arm and the track. A holding means engages the connecting means to prevent such rotation when the connecting means is not positioned in the end region of the track.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1981
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Denis L. C. Allen
  • Patent number: 4240226
    Abstract: The device for guiding and actuating a vertical air-tight sliding door is suspended from two carriages each provided with a right-angled support bracket which is capable of horizontal displacement in a slideway. A bent plate which carries the door is rotatably mounted on an elbowed shaft fixed on each carriage. The bent plate carries a roller controlled by a fork and plate assembly which is pivotally mounted on the shaft and actuated by a jack. As the roller reaches the end of the track, the fork and plate assembly is permitted to rotate, with the result that the door carries out a compound movement of downward displacement and application against the wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1980
    Assignee: Faiveley S.A.
    Inventor: Alexandre Georgelin
  • Patent number: 4152872
    Abstract: An elongate guide track having at least one elongate ridge portion is fixed to a side wall of a vehicle in such a manner that the ridge portion extends substantially horizontally and projects upwardly. A vertical roller and at least one horizontal roller are rotatably connected to an end of the door through a pivotable bracket member. The vertical roller is formed at its peripheral wall with an annular groove so as to slidably receive therein the elongate ridge portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1979
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Company, Limited
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Tanizaki, Michio Shinada
  • Patent number: 4142327
    Abstract: What follows is a description of a three track mechanism assembly for a vehicle door, and in particular for a light rail vehicle door. Each track mechanism includes a guide rail for guiding the door in its opening and closing movement relative to the vehicle body. Two of the track mechanisms include actuators for producing the opening and closing movement of the door. One of these actuators produces the desired longitudinal displacement of the door relative to the vehicle body, while the other actuator produces the desired transverse displacement of the door relative to the vehicle body. In addition, an extraction device can be included with the track mechanism having the actuator producing the desired longitudinal displacement for assisting the other actuator in producing the desired transverse displacement of the door relative to the vehicle body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 1977
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1979
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Thomas Griffith, Richard Campbell
  • Patent number: 4110934
    Abstract: A hinge and latch mechanism to guide one edge of a vehicle sliding door for initially moving the edge laterally away from a vehicle body during opening and subsequently guiding movement of the edge in a longitudinal direction along the vehicle body. A generally U-shaped link member is utilized to support the one edge, a leg of which is operably connected to the door while a second leg is operably connected to the vehicle body. The body-oriented leg has a cam member attached thereto interactive with a door latching arm to prevent longitudinal movement of the latch mechanism during initial pivoting movement of the door to a laterally outward position and to permit subsequent longitudinal movement after the initial lateral movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1978
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: John F. Zens
  • Patent number: 4081926
    Abstract: Sunroof apparatus is provided for a passenger motor vehicle, which apparatus includes a rigid movable cover member for closing a sunroof opening. In order to minimize the space taken by the drive mechanism for moving the cover member to open positions from the closed position thereof, a single incompressible drive cable is provided which has one end attached to a guide element at one lateral side of the cover member and the other opposite end attached to a guide element at the opposite lateral side of the cover member. A cable driving mechanism such as an electric motor is disposed intermediate the ends of the cable for drivingly moving the same in respective opposite directions. The cable is guided and attached to the guide elements so that, upon movement of the cable in one direction, the guide element at one side of the vehicle is pulled in a first axial direction of the vehicle and the guide element at the opposite lateral side of the vehicle is pulled in the same axial direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1978
    Assignee: Webasto-Werk W. Baier GmbH & Co.
    Inventor: Hans Jardin
  • Patent number: 3947999
    Abstract: A sliding door assembly comprises a door, a door frame, a horizontal rolling track on the frame, and door-suspension units each having a member movably mounted along the track and a door-suspension lever pivotally connected to the member and to the door. A roller connected to the lever by a toggle joint mechanism coacts with a cam as the door is slid to or from a closed position to pivot the lever and thus raise and unseat the door as it is opened, and lower and seat the door as it is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1974
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1976
    Inventor: Pierre Disperens
  • Patent number: 3935674
    Abstract: A sliding vehicle door has a guard beam therein having flanges at its upper and lower edges. An extruded carriage member is associated with each of the flanges and slidably engages the flange to permit longitudinal movement of the guard beam and the door on the carriage member. A hinge arm is associated with each of the extruded carriage members and has one end pivoted to the carriage member and the other end pivoted to a body pillar defining the door opening. An articulating link acts between the body pillar and one of the carriage members to maintain the door in substantial parallel relationship with the vehicle longitudinal axis during pivotal movement of the hinge arms to move the door laterally of the body between a closed position in the plane of the door opening and an open position laterally outboard of the door opening.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1974
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1976
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Alverson B. Williams, Bolek J. Dolinski, Sam S. Pupillo