Of Zinc, Cadmium, Or Mercury Patents (Class 502/253)
  • Patent number: 10449520
    Abstract: A porous body with enhanced fluid transport properties and crush strength is provided. The porous body includes the porous body includes at least 80 percent alpha alumina and having a pore volume from 0.3 mL/g to 1.2 mL/g, a surface area from 0.3 m2/g to 3.0 m2/g, and a pore architecture that provides at least one of a tortuosity of 7 or less, a constriction of 4 or less and a permeability of 30 mdarcys or greater, wherein the porous body is a cylinder comprising at least two spaced apart holes that extend through an entire length of the cylinder. The porous body has a flat plate crush strength improved by more than 10% over a porous body cylinder having a same outer diameter and length, but having only a single hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Scientific Design Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Wojciech L. Suchanek, Michael Di Mare, Jean Adam, Paul E. Ellis, Jr.
  • Patent number: 10040055
    Abstract: A method is provided for improving the performance of a silver-based epoxidation catalyst comprising a carrier. The carrier includes at least 80 percent alpha alumina and has a pore volume from 0.3 mL/g to 1.2 mL/g, a surface area from 0.3 m2/g to 3.0 m2/g, and a pore architecture that provides at least one of a tortuosity of 7 or less, a constriction of 4 or less and a permeability of 30 mdarcys or greater. A catalytic amount of silver and a promoting amount of one or more promoters is disposed on and/or in said carrier. The method further includes the steps of initiating an epoxidation reaction by reacting a feed gas composition containing ethylene and oxygen present in a ratio of from about 3.5:1 to about 12:1, in the presence of the silver-based epoxidation catalyst at a temperature of about 200° C. to about 230° C., and subsequently increasing the temperature either stepwise or continuously.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: Scientific Design Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Christelle Verrier, Wojciech L. Suchanek
  • Patent number: 9776169
    Abstract: A porous body is provided with enhanced fluid transport properties that is capable of performing or facilitating separations, or performing reactions and/or providing areas for such separations or reactions to take place. The porous body includes at least 80 percent alpha alumina and has a pore volume from 0.3 mL/g to 1.2 mL/g and a surface area from 0.3 m2/g to 3.0 m2/g. The porous body further includes a pore architecture that provides at least one of a tortuosity of 7.0 or less, a constriction of 4.0 or less and a permeability of 30 mdarcys or greater. The porous body can be used in a wide variety of applications such as, for example, as a filter, as a membrane or as a catalyst carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Scientific Design Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Wojciech L. Suchanek
  • Patent number: 8975208
    Abstract: The present invention provides an adsorbent for removing sulfur from cracking gasoline or diesel fuel. The adsorbent has excellent abrasion-resistance and desulfurization activity. The adsorbent comprises from about 5 to about 35 wt % of alumina, from about 3 to about 30 wt % of silica, from about 10 to about 80 wt % of at least one oxide of metal selected from Groups IIB and VB, from about 3 to about 30 wt % of at least one metal accelerant selected from Groups VIIB and VIII, and from about 0.5 to about 10 wt % of at least one oxide of metal selected from Groups IA and IIA, based on the total weight of the adsorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: China Petroleum Chemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec
    Inventors: Jun Long, Huiping Tian, Wei Lin
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Publication number: 20140296605
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst composition suitable for the non-oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes having 2-8 carbon atoms comprising silico-zinc aluminate, wherein the relative molar ratios of the elements comprised in said composition are represented by SixZn1-xAl2O4, wherein x stands for a number in the range from 0.003 to 0.76. The invention also relates to a process for the preparation of said catalyst composition, to a process for the non-oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes, preferably isobutane using said catalyst and to the use of said catalyst in a process for the non-oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Subhash Chandra Laha, Antonisamy Selvanathan, Sandeep Negi
  • Patent number: 8841498
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for the hydrogenation of unsaturated hydrocarbons, in particular aromatics with a broad molecular weight range, a process for the production thereof and a process for hydrogenating unsaturated hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Peter Birke, Reinhard Geyer, Jurgen Hunold, Peter Kraak, Rainer Schoedel
  • Publication number: 20140275686
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to catalysts and methods for use in olefin production. More particularly, the present invention relates to novel amorphously supported single-center, Lewis acid metal ions and use of the same as catalysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Uchicago Argonne, LLC
  • Patent number: 8734743
    Abstract: Described is a nitrogen oxide storage catalyst comprising: a substrate; a first washcoat layer provided on the substrate, the first washcoat layer comprising a nitrogen oxide storage material, a second washcoat layer provided on the first washcoat layer, the second washcoat layer comprising a hydrocarbon trap material, wherein the hydrocarbon trap material comprises substantially no element or compound in a state in which it is capable of catalyzing selective catalytic reduction, preferably wherein the hydrocarbon trap material comprises substantially no element or compound in a state in which it is capable of catalyzing a reaction wherein nitrogen oxide is reduced to N2, said catalyst further comprising a nitrogen oxide conversion material which is either comprised in the second washcoat layer and/or in a washcoat layer provided between the first washcoat layer and the second washcoat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Torsten W. Müller-Stach, Susanne Stiebels, Edith Schneider, Torsten Neubauer
  • Patent number: 8709341
    Abstract: An air purifying system includes one or more air permeable photocatalytic elements defining a core cavity having a sealed top end and an open bottom end. A sealed air flow path ensures that air travels from an outside of the core cavity, through the one or more photocatalytic elements, into the core cavity, to be expelled through the open bottom end. A UV radiation source disposed within the core cavity irradiates air travelling along the sealed flow path and an interior of the one or more photocatalytic elements. Each photocatalytic element is manufactured using a substrate, that is conductive of and transparent to UV radiation, coated with a photocatalyst. A non-photocatalytically active material is initially coated on the substrate and is then converted to a photocatalyst by calcination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Morphic Envirotech Inc.
    Inventors: Edwin David Day, Bernard K Deschner
  • Publication number: 20140106260
    Abstract: Core-shell nanoparticulate compositions and methods for making the same are disclosed. In some embodiments core-shell nanoparticulate compositions comprise transition metal core encapsulated by metal oxide shell. Methods of catalysis comprising core-shell nanoparticulate compositions of the invention are disclosed. Compositions comprising core-shell nanoparticles displayed on a metal-oxide support and methods for preparing the same are also disclosed. In some embodiments compositions comprise core-shell nanoparticles displayed as a substantially single layer superposed on a metal oxide support. Methods of catalysis employing the supported core-shell nanoparticles are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: THE TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA
    Inventors: MATTEO CARGNELLO, RAYMOND J. GORTE, PAOLO FORNASIERO
  • Publication number: 20130310610
    Abstract: A heterogeneous catalyst that is a combination of rhodium, zinc, iron, a fourth metal and at least one metal selected from alkali metals and alkaline earth metals on a catalyst support (e.g. at least one of silica, alumina, titania, magnesia, zinc aluminate (ZnAl2O4), magnesium aluminate (MgAl2O4), magnesia-modified alumina, zinc oxide-modified alumina, zirconium oxide-modified alumina, and zinc oxide) and use of the catalyst in converting an alkylene to an oxygenate that has one more carbon atom than the alkylene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Palanichamy Manikandan, Sreenivasa Rao, Phani Kiran Bollapragada, David G. Barton, Richard M. Wehmeyer, William Tenn, Gerolamo Budroni
  • Publication number: 20130296164
    Abstract: Catalysts and processes for forming catalysts for use in hydrogenating acetic acid to form ethanol. In one embodiment, the catalyst comprises a first metal, a silicaceous support, and at least one metasilicate support modifier. Preferably, the first metal is selected from the group consisting of copper, iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, platinum, titanium, zinc, chromium, rhenium, molybdenum, and tungsten. In addition the catalyst may comprise a second metal preferably selected from the group consisting of copper, molybdenum, tin, chromium, iron, cobalt, vanadium, tungsten, palladium, platinum, lanthanum, cerium, manganese, ruthenium, rhenium, gold, and nickel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: Victor J. Johnston, Barbara F. Kimmich, John L. Potts, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab, James H. Zink, Josefina T. Chapman, Laiyuan Chen
  • Patent number: 8518851
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for the hydrogenation of unsaturated hydrocarbons, in particular aromatics with a broad molecular weight range, a process for the production thereof and a process for hydrogenating unsaturated hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Peter Birke, Reinhard Geyer, Jürgen Hunold, Peter Kraak, Rainer Schoedel
  • Publication number: 20130172599
    Abstract: A silica-based material comprising: silicon; aluminum; at least one fourth period element selected from the group consisting of iron, cobalt, nickel and zinc; and at least one basic element selected from the group consisting of alkali metal elements, alkali earth metal elements and rare earth elements, wherein the silica-based material comprises 42 to 90 mol % of the silicon, 3 to 38 mol % of the aluminum, 0.5 to 20 mol % of the fourth period element and 2 to 38 mol % of the basic element, based on a total mole of the silicon, the aluminum, the fourth period element and the basic element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: ASAHI KASEI CHEMICALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ken Suzuki, Tatsuo Yamaguchi, Chihiro Iitsuka
  • Publication number: 20130172177
    Abstract: A catalyst comprising (i) a support, (ii) metal particles and (iii) a shell which is arranged between the metal particles, wherein the shell (iii) comprises silicon oxide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2011
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Imme Domke, Wolfgang Rohde, Piotr Antoni Bazula, Norbert Mronga, Yong Liu, Martin Dieterle, Stanley Roth, Curtis Zimmermann, Xinyi Wei, Philipp Raff, Stephan Andreas Schunk, Olga Gerlach, Andreas Strasser, Michael Paul
  • Publication number: 20130158328
    Abstract: The invention provides a process for producing an unsaturated hydrocarbon by dehydrogenating a hydrocarbon into a corresponding unsaturated hydrocarbon with use of a nontoxic catalyst having a long catalytic life. The process for producing unsaturated hydrocarbons includes a step of dehydrogenating a hydrocarbon into a corresponding unsaturated hydrocarbon by contacting the hydrocarbon with a catalyst A that is obtained by supporting zinc and a Group VIIIA metal on a silicate obtained by removing at least part of the boron atoms from a borosilicate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Inventors: Phala Heng, Shinichiro Ichikawa, Junichi Ishikawa, Hirokazu Ikenaga, Jun Kawahara, Yoshida Goa
  • Patent number: 8415267
    Abstract: Core-shell nanoparticles having a core material and a mesoporous silica shell, and a method for manufacturing the core-shell nanoparticles are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Korea University Research and Business Foundation
    Inventor: Kwangyeol Lee
  • Patent number: 8410014
    Abstract: Especially physically stable metal oxide catalyst supports are prepared by suspending a metal oxide in a continuous phase, activating by fine dispersion, coagulation to a viscoelastic mass, shaping, drying, and calcining. The catalyst support thus prepared may be treated with catalytic agents to produce supported catalysts for olefin oxidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventors: Roland Heidenreich, Hans-Jurgen Eberle, Johann Weis
  • Patent number: 8404614
    Abstract: A process for preparing a catalyst by selecting an active catalyst and contacting the active catalyst with one or more fluids containing an organic solvent or mixture of organic solvents. In one embodiment, each organic solvent has a dielectric constant within a range of about 5 to about 55 when measured at a temperature of 20° C. to 25° C. The catalyst thus prepared may be used in a process for preparing maleic anhydride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Huntsman Petrochemical LLC
    Inventor: Zhiping Shan
  • Patent number: 8404204
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a granulate having photocatalytic activity, comprising particles of an inorganic particulate material coated with a photocatalytically active compound for introducing photocatalytic activity into or on building materials. The invention is further related to the manufacture of such a granulate and its use into or on building materials such as cement, concrete, gypsum and/or limestone and water-based coatings or paints for reducing an accumulation and growth of microorganisms and environmental polluting substances on these materials and thus reducing the tendency of fouling, while the brilliance of the color is maintained and the quality of the air is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Rockwood Italia SpA
    Inventors: Marino Sergi, Christian Egger
  • Patent number: 8236262
    Abstract: A particulate desulfurization material includes one or more nickel compounds, a zinc oxide support material, and one or more alkali metal compounds wherein the nickel content of the material is in the range 0.3 to 10% by weight and the alkali metal content of the material is in the range 0.2 to 10% by weight. A method of making the desulfurization material includes the steps: (i) contacting a nickel compound with a particulate zinc support material and an alkali metal compound to form an alkali-doped composition, (ii) shaping the alkali-doped composition, and (iii) drying, calcining, and optionally reducing the resulting material. The desulfurization material may be used to desulfurize hydrocarbon gas streams with reduced levels of hydrocarbon hydrogenolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: Gavin Potter, Gordon Edward Wilson, Norman Macleod, Antonio Chica Lara, Avelino Corma Canos, Yonhy Saavedra Lopez
  • Patent number: 8216961
    Abstract: Core-shell nanoparticles having a core material and a mesoporous silica shell, and a method for manufacturing the core-shell nanoparticles are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Korea University Research and Business Foundation
    Inventor: Kwangyeol Lee
  • Publication number: 20120149558
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing hydrogen silanes of general formula RnCl3-nSiH by converting chlorosilanes of general formula RnCl4-nSi, where R, in both formulas simultaneously and independently of each other, is a hydrogen atom, an optionally substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbon radical having 1 to 18 carbon atoms, and n can have the value of 1-3, and hydrogen gas in the presence of a catalytic quantity (K): zinc and/or an alloy comprising zinc on a metal oxide carrier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicant: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventors: Alexander Zipp, Hans-Jürgen Eberle
  • Publication number: 20120142520
    Abstract: A catalyst system is disclosed for catalytic pyrolysis of a solid biomass material. The system comprises an oxide, silicate or carbonate of a metal or a metalloid. The specific combined meso and macro surface area of the system is in the range of from 1 m2/g to 100 m2/g. When used in a catalytic process the system provides a high oil yield and a low coke yield. The liquid has a relatively low oxygen content.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2010
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Applicant: KIOR INC.
    Inventors: Robert Bartek, Michael Brady, Dennis Stamires
  • Patent number: 8143187
    Abstract: A process for preparing supported catalyst in pellet or coated monolith form is disclosed the method includes the steps of: forming a mixed metal carbonate complex having at least two metals by subjecting a first metal carbonate containing compound to ion exchange with desired metal cations; heat treating the resulting mixed metal carbonate complex to form a mixed oxide which consists of active metal oxides supported on a catalyst support; forming the resulting supported catalysts into pellets or coating the resulting supported catalyst onto a monolithic support. The catalysts may be used for treating effluents containing organic material in the presence of an oxidising agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Manh Hoang, Kingsley Opoku-Gyamfi
  • Publication number: 20120065056
    Abstract: A bulk metal oxide catalyst composition of the general formula (X)b(M)c(Z)d(O)e ??(I) wherein X represents at least one non-noble Group VIII metal; M represents at least one non-noble Group VIb metal; Z represents one or more elements selected from aluminium, silicon, magnesium, titanium, zirconium, boron, and zinc; one of b and c is the integer 1; and d and e and the other of b and c each are a number greater than 0 such that the molar ratio of b:c is in the range of from 0.5:1 to 5:1, the molar ratio of d:c is in the range of from 0.2:1 to 50:1, and the molar ratio of e:c is in the range of from 3.7:1 to 108:1; is prepared by controlled (co)precipitation of component metal compounds, refractory oxide material, and alkali compound in protic liquid. Resulting compositions find use in hydrotreatment processes involving particularly hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodenitrification.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Laszlo DOMOKOS, Hermanus JONGKIND, Johannes Anthonius Robert VAN VEEN
  • Publication number: 20120058884
    Abstract: Techniques for coating a fiber with metal oxide include forming silica in the fiber to fix the metal oxide to the fiber. The coated fiber can be used to facilitate photocatalysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND BUSINESS FOUNDATION
    Inventor: Kwangyeol Lee
  • Publication number: 20120021305
    Abstract: A desulfurizing agent for a hydrocarbon comprises: 10 to 30 percent by mass of a porous inorganic oxide based on the total mass of the desulfurizing agent; 3 to 40 percent by mass of zinc oxide; and 45 to 75 percent by mass of a nickel atom in terms of nickel oxide, wherein the reduction degree of the nickel atom is 50 to 80 percent, and wherein the amount of hydrogen adsorption per unit desulfurizing agent mass is 3.5 to 4.6 ml/g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Applicant: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiyuki Nagayasu, Yoshie Miyai, Takaya Matsumoto, Kimika Ishizuki
  • Patent number: 8071655
    Abstract: A catalyst applicable to the synthesis gas conversions especially E-T slurry processes, said catalyst comprising: a) a support containing at least a first aluminate element of mixed spinel structure of formula MxM?(1?x)Al2O4/Al2O3.SiO2, x ranging between and excluding 0 and 1, or of simple spinel structure of formula MAl2O4/Al2O3.SiO2, said support being calcined in an at least partly oxidizing atmosphere, at a temperature ranging between 850° C. and 900° C., and b) an active phase deposited on said support, which contains one or more group VIII metals, selected from among cobalt, nickel, ruthenium or iron. Said catalyst is used in a fixed bed or suspended in a three-phase reactor for hydrocarbon synthesis from a CO, H2 mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignees: IFP Energies Nouvelles, ENI S.p.A.
    Inventors: Fabrice Diehl, François Hugues, Marie-Claire Marion, Denis Uzio
  • Publication number: 20110257443
    Abstract: A catalyst comprising a first metal, a silicaceous support, and at least one metasilicate support modifier, wherein at least 1 wt. % of the at least one metasilicate support modifier is crystalline in phase, as determined by x-ray diffraction. The invention also relates to processes for forming such catalysts, to supports used therein, and to processes for hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of such catalysts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Publication date: October 20, 2011
    Applicant: CELANESE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Heiko Weiner, Victor J. Johnston
  • Publication number: 20110172482
    Abstract: A catalyst that comprises at least one binder and at least one crystallized material with hierarchized and organized porosity in the fields of microporosity and mesoporosity is described, whereby said crystallized material consists of at least two elementary spherical particles, each of said particles comprising a mesostructured silicon-oxide-based matrix that has a mesopore diameter of between 1.5 and 30 nm and that has microporous and crystallized walls with a thickness of between 1 and 60 nm, whereby said elementary spherical particles have a maximum diameter of 200 microns. Said catalyst is used in a process for oligomerization of an olefinic feedstock that contains hydrocarbon molecules that have 2 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2009
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
    Inventors: Amandine Cabiac, Alexandra Chaumonnot, Laurent Simon
  • Publication number: 20110136658
    Abstract: A catalyst used in the reaction of oxidative bromination of methane is provided. The catalyst is prepared by the following procedures: mixing at least one of the precursors selected from the compounds of Rh, Ru, Cu, Zn, Ag, Ce, V, W, Cd, Mo, Mn, Cr and La which can dissolve in water with the Si precursor, hydrolyzing, drying and sintering. In the catalysis system, methane reacts with HBr, H2O and oxygen source (O2, air or oxygen-rich air), finally CH3Br and CH2Br2 are produced. Another catalyst used in the reaction of condensation of methane bromide to C3-C13 hydrocarbons is also provided. This catalyst is prepared by supporting compounds of Zn or Mg on molecular sieves such as HZSM-5, HY, Hb, 3A, 4A, 5A or 13X et al. With this catalyst, CH3Br and CH2Br2 produced in the former process can react further to give C3 to C13 hydrocarbons and HBr, and HBr can be recycled as a medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2008
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Inventors: Zhen Liu, Hongmin Zhang, Wensheng Li, Yanqun Ren, Xiaoping Zhou
  • Publication number: 20110058999
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, described herein is an exhaust gas after-treatment system that is coupleable in exhaust gas stream receiving communication with an internal combustion engine. The exhaust gas after-treatment system includes a low temperature SCR catalyst configured to reduce NOx in exhaust gas having a temperature below a temperature threshold. The system also includes a normal-to-high temperature SCR catalyst configured to reduce NOx in exhaust gas having a temperature above the temperature threshold.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Publication date: March 10, 2011
    Applicant: CUMMINS IP, INC
    Inventors: Padmanabha Reddy Ettireddy, Matthew Henrichsen
  • Publication number: 20110053020
    Abstract: Nanostructured catalysts and related methods are described. The nanostructured catalysts have a hierarchical structure that facilitates modification of the catalysts for use in particular reactions. Methods for generating hydrogen from a hydrogen-containing molecular species using a nanostructured catalyst are described. The hydrogen gas may be collected and stored, or the hydrogen gas may be collected and consumed for the generation of energy. Thus, the methods may be used as part of the operation of an energy-consuming device or system, e.g., an engine or a fuel cell. Methods for storing hydrogen by using a nanostructured catalyst to react a dehydrogenated molecular species with hydrogen gas to form a hydrogen-containing molecular species are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2008
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Applicants: WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION, IDAHO RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: M. Grant Norton, David N. McIlroy
  • Patent number: 7846867
    Abstract: A method for the production of a composition comprising a metal containing compound, a silica containing material, a promoter, and alumina is disclosed. The composition can then be utilized in a process for the removal of sulfur from a hydrocarbon stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Uday T. Turaga, Tushar V. Choudhary, Glenn W. Dodwell, Marvin M. Johnson, Deborah K. Just
  • Patent number: 7846977
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst comprising a preferably oxidic, core material, a shell of zinc oxide around said core material, and a catalytically active material in or on the shell, based on one or more of the metals cobalt, iron, ruthenium and/or nickel, preferably a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst, to the preparation of such a catalyst and the use thereof in GTL processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Cornelis Roeland Baijense, Geoffrey Johnson, Ahmad Moini
  • Publication number: 20100190637
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of nanoscale zinc oxide, prepared by a sol-gel process, as curing catalyst, in particular for liquid coatings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2008
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Applicant: Merck Patent Gesellschaft
    Inventors: Matthias Koch, Sabine Renker, Gerhard Jonschker
  • Patent number: 7737078
    Abstract: The formation of H2S in a stoichiometric or reducing atmosphere is restrained without using Ni or Cu as an environmental load substance. An additional oxide composed of an oxide of at least one kind of metal selected from the group consisting of Bi, Sn and Zn was added to a three-way catalyst for purifying an exhaust gas emitted from an internal combustion engine of which the combustion is controlled in near a stoichiometric atmosphere in the amount of from 0.02 mol to 0.2 mol per liter of the catalyst. The additional oxide forms SO3 or SO4 from SO2 in an oxidizing atmosphere, and stores sulfur components as a sulfide in a reducing atmosphere so that emission of H2S can be restrained. And since no environmental load substance is contained, the catalyst can be used safely.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Hiromasa Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7666296
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for converting heavy hydrocarbonaceous feedstocks carried out in a slurry reactor in the presence of hydrogen and in the presence of a catalytic composition obtained by: injecting a catalytic precursor of at least one metal of Group VIB and/or Group VIII in at least part of the feedstock to be treated in the absence of an oxide substrate, thermal treatment at a temperature of 400° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventor: Magalie Roy-Auberger
  • Publication number: 20090240010
    Abstract: The present invention provides activator-supports containing alumina-silica compounds with high levels of alumina, and polymerization catalyst compositions employing these activator-supports. Methods for making these activator-supports based on alumina-silica and for using such compounds in catalyst compositions for the polymerization and copolymerization of olefins are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 20, 2008
    Publication date: September 24, 2009
    Inventors: Max P. McDaniel, Qing Yang, Randy S. Muninger, Elizabeth A. Benham, Kathy S. Collins
  • Patent number: 7585812
    Abstract: A catalyst for use in the Fischer-Tropsch process, and a method to prepare the catalyst is disclosed. The catalyst of the present invention has a higher surface area, more uniform metal distribution, and smaller metal crystallite size than Fischer-Tropsch catalysts of the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: Sud-Chemie Inc.
    Inventors: X. D. Hu, Patrick J. Loi, Robert J. O'Brien
  • Patent number: 7585353
    Abstract: A method for reducing heavy metals, in particular in mercury, present in flue gases, includes the step of bringing the flue gases into contact with a particular class of sorbent material in the dry state. A preferred class of dry sorbent materials can be provided from a mineral compound selected from among halloysites and phyllosilicates of the palygorskite subgroup and the sepiolite subgroup of the palygorskite-sepiolite group according to the Dana classification. Mineral compounds of this group have been shown to provide a reduction in heavy metals, in particular in mercury, present in flue gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: S.A. Lhoist Recherche et Developpment
    Inventors: Amandine Gambin, Alain Laudet
  • Patent number: 7582202
    Abstract: A Composition comprising one or more metal hydroxy salts and a matrix, binder or carrier material, wherein the metal hydroxy salt is a compound comprising (a) as metal either (i) one or more divalent metals, at least one of them being selected from the group consisting of Ni, Co, Ca, Zn, Mg, Fe, and Mn, or (ii) one or more trivalent metal(s), (b) framework hydroxide, and (c) a replaceable anion. This composition has various catalytic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignees: Akzo Nobel N.V., Albemarle Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: William Jones, Paul O'Connor, Dennis Stamires
  • Publication number: 20090209414
    Abstract: A bulk metal oxide catalyst composition of the general formula (X)b(M)c(Z)d(O)e??(I) wherein X represents at least one non-noble Group VIII metal; M represents at least one non-noble Group VIb metal; Z represents one or more elements selected from aluminium, silicon, magnesium, titanium, zirconium, boron, and zinc; one of b and c is the integer 1; and d and e and the other of b and c each are a number greater than 0 such that the molar ratio of b:c is in the range of from 0.5:1 to 5:1, the molar ratio of d:c is in the range of from 0.2:1 to 50:1, and the molar ratio of e:c is in the range of from 3.7:1 to 108:1; is prepared by controlled (co)precipitation of component metal compounds, refractory oxide material, and alkali compound in protic liquid. Resulting compositions find use in hydrotreatment processes involving particularly hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodenitrification.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Publication date: August 20, 2009
    Inventors: Laszlo Domokos, Hermanus Jongkind, Johannes Anthonius Rober Van Veen
  • Patent number: 7572750
    Abstract: A hybrid homogeneous-heterogeneous catalyst containing catalytic groups, wherein the catalytic activity of the catalyst is largely provided as a result of the interaction of catalytic groups in a suitable proximity and disposition to other catalytic groups, the proximity and disposition resulting from statistical considerations, wherein an example of such catalyst is a polypyrrole-ferrocene monosulfate represented by Formula IV.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: University of Wollongong
    Inventors: Jun Chen, Gerhard F. Swiegers, Chee O. Too, Gordon G. Wallace
  • Patent number: 7544285
    Abstract: A bulk metal oxide catalyst composition of the general formula (X)b(M)c(Z)d(O)e??(I) wherein X represents at least one non-noble Group VIII metal; M represents at least one non-noble Group VIb metal; Z represents one or more elements selected from aluminium, silicon, magnesium, titanium, zirconium, boron, and zinc; one of b and c is the integer 1; and d and e and the other of b and c each are a number greater than 0 such that the molar ratio of b:c is in the range of from 0.5:1 to 5:1, the molar ratio of d:c is in the range of from 0.2:1 to 50:1, and the molar ratio of e:c is in the range of from 3.7:1 to 108:1; is prepared by controlled (co)precipitation of component metal compounds, refractory oxide material, and alkali compound in protic liquid. Resulting compositions find use in hydrotreatment processes involving particularly hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodenitrification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Laszlo Domokos, Hermanus Jongkind, Johannes Anthonius Robert Van Veen
  • Patent number: 7534340
    Abstract: Process for the contemporaneous production of fuels and lubricating bases from synthetic paraffinic mixtures, which includes a hydrocracking step in the presence of a solid bi-functional catalyst comprising: (A) a support of an acidic nature consisting of a catalytically active porous solid, including silicon, aluminum, phosphorus and oxygen bonded to one another in such a way as to form a mixed amorphous solid characterized by an Si/Al atomic ratio of between 15 and 250, a P/Al ratio of at least 0.1, but lower than 5, a total pore volume ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 ml/g, with an average pore diameter ranging from 3 nm. to 40 nm, and a specific surface area ranging from 200 to 1000 M2/g; (B) at least one metal with a hydro-dehydrogenating activity selected from groups 6 to 10 of the periodic table of elements, dispersed on said support (A) in an amount of between 0.05 and 5% by weight with respect to the total weight of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignees: ENI S.p.A., Institute Francais du Petrole, Enitecnologie S.p.A.
    Inventors: Vincenzo Calemma, Cristina Flego, Luciano Cosimo Carluccio, Wallace Parker, Roberto Giardino, Giovanni Faraci
  • Patent number: 7518023
    Abstract: The invention relates to highly active spherical metal support catalysts with a metal content of 10 to 70% by mass, and a process for their production with the use of a mixture of polysaccharides and at least one metal compound which is dropped into a metal salt solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2009
    Assignee: Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij, B.V.
    Inventors: Reinhard Geyer, Rainer Schödel, Peter Birke, Jürgen Hunold
  • Publication number: 20090088317
    Abstract: A reduction catalyst having a first metal component comprising one of Co, Os, Fe, Re, Rh and Ru. The first metal component is present in the catalyst at from 0.5 percent to 20 percent, by weight. A second metal component differing from the first metal component present in the catalyst with the second metal component being selected from the group consisting of Fe, Mn, Ru, Os, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag, Au, Zn, Co, Re, Cu, Pb, Cr, W, Mo, Sn, Nb, Cd, Te, V, Bi, Ga and Na. A hydrogenation catalyst comprising one or both of Ni and Co and one or more elements selected from the group consisting of Mn, Fe, Ag, Au, Mo and Rh.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2007
    Publication date: April 2, 2009
    Inventors: John G. Frye, JR., Johnathan E. Holladay, Danielle S. Muzatko, James F. White, Alan H. Zacher