Organic Liquid Patents (Class 502/29)
  • Patent number: 10071370
    Abstract: Provided is a method of reactivating a used titania catalyst for hydrogenation treatment, capable of improving the catalytic activity of the used titania catalyst for hydrogenation treatment that is obtained by supporting a catalyst component on a titania support and exhibits reduced catalytic activity after having been used for hydrogenation treatment of a hydrocarbon oil, to a level comparable to that of a newly prepared fresh titania catalyst before use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: CHIYODA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichi Inoue, Yukitaka Wada, Akihiro Muto
  • Patent number: 9776943
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a process for recovering and recycling a catalyst from the mother liquor generated during the production of aromatic carboxylic acids. The process comprises treating the mother liquor with an alkyl aromatic compound and further treating the first aqueous layer obtained with an ionic liquid to obtain a catalyst rich aqueous mixture. The catalyst rich aqueous mixture is recycled to the oxidation reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Reliance Industries Limited
    Inventors: Suresh Shantilal Jain, Pavankumar Aduri, Vivek Shankaranarayanan, Parasuveera Uppara
  • Patent number: 9084991
    Abstract: An acid catalyst effective for a conversion of a hydrocarbon, comprising: greater than 15 wt % halide-containing conjunct polymer, and a Lewis acid; wherein less than 0.1 wt % solid precipitates from the catalyst when it is held for three hours or longer at 25° C. or below.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A.
    Inventors: Sven Ivar Hommeltoft, Howard Steven Lacheen, Saleh Ali Elomari
  • Patent number: 9029281
    Abstract: A regenerated spent hydroprocessing catalyst treated with a chelating agent and having incorporated therein a polar additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Alexei Grigorievich Gabrielov, Ed Ganja, Salvatore Philip Torrisi
  • Patent number: 8946105
    Abstract: Methods of removing iron from a catalytic converter having an accumulation of one or more iron compounds and regenerating a catalytic converter are provided. A catalytic converter having an accumulation of one or more iron compounds embedded or deposited thereon can be treated with a substantially aqueous alkaline solution in which the substantially aqueous alkaline solution includes an antioxidant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Steag Energy Services GmbH
    Inventors: Birgit Marrino, Thies Hoffmann
  • Patent number: 8927448
    Abstract: A method to prepare an improved catalyst feed to a system to upgrade heavy oil. The method comprises: providing a spent catalyst that has been used in a hydroprocessing operation has with a solid content ranging from 5 to 50 wt. % in soluble hydrocarbons and having less than 80% but more than 10% of original catalytic activity; removing at least 50% of the soluble hydrocarbons removed in a deoiling step; treating the deoiled spent catalyst with a treating solution containing at least one of plain water, a mineral acid, an oxidizing agent, and combinations thereof to reduce the concentration of at least one metal contaminant in the deoiled spent catalyst by at least 40%. After treatment, the treated deoiled spent catalyst is slurried in a hydrocarbon medium, and fed to the heavy oil upgrade system as part of the catalyst feed system with a fresh slurry catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Bo Kou, Julie Chabot
  • Patent number: 8906819
    Abstract: This invention is directed to a method for removing calcium material from a substrate or catalytic converter. In particular, this invention is directed to a method for removing calcium material, particularly in the form of calcium-containing fly ash, from a substrate using a partially protonated or non-protonated polycarboxylic acid treatment material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Coalogix Technology Holdings Inc.
    Inventors: Michael D. Cooper, Nagesh Patel
  • Patent number: 8759242
    Abstract: An improved slurry catalyst feed system for heavy oil upgraded is provided. The catalyst feed system comprises a fresh slurry catalyst and a deoiled spent catalyst, with the deoiled spent catalyst being present in an amount of at least 10% the catalyst feed system. The deoiled spent catalyst is a slurry catalyst that has been used in a hydroprocessing operation resulting in than 80% but more than 10% of original catalytic activity, and containing less than 10 wt. % soluble hydrocarbons as unconverted heavy oil feed. The deoiled spent catalyst is slurried in a hydrocarbon medium as dispersed particles prior to being fed to the heavy oil upgrade system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Shuwu Yang, Julie Chabot, Bruce Edward Reynolds
  • Patent number: 8614159
    Abstract: A method of re-using a spent fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst, previously used in an FCC process, in an additional FCC process, where the method includes the steps of: providing FCC catalyst that has been utilized in an FCC process, defined as spent FCC catalyst, wherein the spent FCC catalyst includes both aluminum and at least one rare earth element therein; and reacting the spent FCC catalyst with an extracting agent to extract at least a portion of the at least one rare earth element from the spent FCC catalyst, while extracting no more than half of the aluminum from the spent FCC catalyst. After performing the reacting step, the reacted spent FCC catalyst can be used in an additional FCC process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Inventor: Albert A. Vierheilig
  • Patent number: 8609579
    Abstract: A composition capable of radiation activated catalysis is provided. The composition comprises a metal compound, a mercapto compound and an olefinic compound. Radiation curable urethane compositions comprising the disclosed composition are also provided. The radiation curable urethane compositions comprise the disclosed composition, a hydroxyl compound and an isocyanate compound. Activation of the composition by radiation in a urethane formulation provides for an efficient method of curing the urethane composition. Coating and adhesive compositions comprising the radiation curable urethane compositions are also provided. In addition, methods for coating and bonding substrates are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Ashland Licensing and Intellectual Property LLC
    Inventors: Raymond Scott Harvey, Thomas Michael Moy, Gary M. Carlson
  • Patent number: 8524623
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a spent ionic liquid catalyst including (a) applying a voltage across one or more pairs of electrodes immersed in a spent ionic liquid catalyst comprising conjunct polymer-metal halide complexes to provide freed conjunct polymers and a regenerated ionic liquid catalyst; and (b) separating the freed conjunct polymers from the regenerated ionic liquid catalyst is described. An alkylation process incorporating the regeneration process is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Hye-Kyung Timken, Saleh Elomari, Thomas V. Harris, James N. Ziemer
  • Patent number: 8507396
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a used acidic catalyst which has been deactivated by conjunct polymers by removing the conjunct polymers so as to increase the activity of the catalyst is disclosed. Methods for removing the conjunct polymers include addition of a basic reagent and alkylation. The methods are applicable to all acidic catalysts and are described with reference to certain ionic liquid catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Thomas V. Harris
  • Patent number: 8470725
    Abstract: A process for regenerating one or more deactivated cobalt comprising Fischer-Tropsch catalyst particle(s), comprising the steps of: (i) oxidizing the catalyst particle(s) at a temperature between 20 and 400° C.; (ii) treating the catalyst particle(s) for more than 5 minutes with a solvent, which solvent comprises an amine, (iii) drying the catalyst particle(s); and (iv) optionally reducing the catalyst particle(s) with hydrogen or a hydrogen comprising gas. This process may be preceded by a step in which Fischer-Tropsch product is removed from the catalyst particle(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Gerrit Leendert Bezemer, Stephen Nkrumah
  • Patent number: 8435920
    Abstract: Processes are disclosure which comprise alternately contacting an oxygen-carrying catalyst with a reducing substance, or a lower partial pressure of an oxidizing gas, and then with the oxidizing gas or a higher partial pressure of the oxidizing gas, whereby the catalyst is alternately reduced and then regenerated to an oxygenated state. In certain embodiments, the oxygen-carrying catalyst comprises at least one metal oxide-containing material containing a composition having the following formulas: (a) CexByB?zB?O?, wherein B=Ba, Sr, Ca, or Zr; B?=Mn, Co, and/or Fe; B?=Cu; 0.01<x<0.99; 0<y<0.6; 0<z<0.5; (b) Ce1-x-yNixByO2-*, wherein B=Zr, Ba, Ca, La, or K; 0.02<x<0.1; 0<y<0.1; and 0.02<*<0.15; and 1<?<2.2 and (c) coal ash either as a catalyst material itself or as a support for said unary or binary metal oxides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Eltron Research & Development, Inc.
    Inventors: James H. White, Erick J. Schutte, Sara L. Rolfe
  • Patent number: 8377839
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for the regeneration of a catalyst comprising at least one metal from Group VIII and at least one metal from Group VIB which are deposited on a refractory oxide support, comprising: at least one first step of heat treatment of the catalyst in the presence of oxygen and at a temperature ranging from 350° C. to 550° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Eurecat S.A.
    Inventors: Pauline Galliou, Eric Nagy, Pierre Dufresne
  • Patent number: 8187991
    Abstract: A method of regenerating adsorbent material includes providing a spent adsorbent material and contacting the adsorbent material with a solvent composition to facilitate removing oil and impurities from the spent solvent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John Aibangbee Osaheni, Thomas Joseph Fyvie, Deborah Ann Haitko, Gregory Allen O'Neil, Paul Burchell Glaser
  • Patent number: 8148284
    Abstract: A system for effecting the pretreatment therewith of a sorbent comprising a conveying line (105), such as a pipe, and a plurality of solution nozzles operative for purposes of introducing a solution to treat the sorbent. More particularly, the conveying line (105) includes an inlet (107), an outlet (109), and an inner surface (105a) that is operative to define a passageway (190) through which sorbent particles are capable of being transported between the inlet (107) of the conveying line (105) and the outlet (109) of the conveying line (105).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: James F. Durant, David J. Matteson, Kurt W. Johnson
  • Patent number: 8128811
    Abstract: Methods for hydroprocessing of hydrocarbon feedstocks, including hydrodesulfurization and hydrodenitrogenation, using rejuvenated supported metallic catalysts are provided. The supported metallic catalysts comprised of a Group VIII metal, a Group VIB metal, are rejuvenated by a process making use of these metals, an organic complexing agent, and optionally an organic additive. The rejuvenation includes stripping and regeneration of a spent or partially spent catalyst, followed by impregnation with metals and at least one organic compound. The impregnated, regenerated catalysts are dried, calcined, and sulfided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Stephen J. McCarthy, Chuansheng Bai, William G. Borghard, William E. Lewis
  • Publication number: 20110143917
    Abstract: A process for regenerating one or more deactivated cobalt comprising Fischer-Tropsch catalyst particle(s), comprising the steps of: (i) oxidising the catalyst particle(s) at a temperature between 20 and 400° C.; (ii) treating the catalyst particle(s) for more than 5 minutes with a solvent, which solvent comprises an amine, (iii) drying the catalyst particle(s); and (iv) optionally reducing the catalyst particle(s) with hydrogen or a hydrogen comprising gas. This process may be preceded by a step in which Fischer-Tropsch product is removed from the catalyst particle(s).
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Publication date: June 16, 2011
    Inventors: Gerrit Leendert BEZEMER, Stephen Nkrumah
  • Patent number: 7955999
    Abstract: Disclosed are a system and an apparatus for regenerating an ionic liquid catalyst, which has been deactivated by conjunct polymers during any type of reaction producing conjunct polymers as a by-product, for example, isoparaffin-olefin alkylation. The system and apparatus are designed such that solvent extraction of conjunct polymers, freed from the ionic liquid catalyst through its reaction with aluminum metal, occurs as soon as the conjunct polymers de-bond from the ionic liquid catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Huping Luo, Moinuddin Ahmed, Krishniah Parimi, Bong-Kyu Chang
  • Patent number: 7956000
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a process for activating an hydrotreating catalyst comprising a Group VIB metal oxide and a Group VIII metal oxide which process comprises contacting the catalyst with an acid and an organic additive which has a boiling point in the range of 80-500° C. and a solubility in water of at least 5 grams per liter (20° C., atmospheric pressure), optionally followed by drying under such conditions that at least 50% of the additive is maintained in the catalyst. The hydrotreating catalyst may be a fresh hydrotreating catalyst or a used hydrotreating catalyst which has been regenerated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2011
    Assignees: Albemarle Europe, SPRL, Nippon Ketjen Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Marcel Adriaan Jansen, Franciscus Wilhelmus Van Houtert, Toshiyuki Ado, Tetsuro Kamo, Naohiro Nishimoto
  • Publication number: 20110009651
    Abstract: The present invention provides a regeneration method of a titanosilicate catalyst, specifically provides a regeneration method of a titanosilicate catalyst which comprises contacting the titanosilicate catalyst deteriorated in catalytic ability with a nitrile compound or a mixture of water and a nitrile compound at a temperature from 25° C. to 200° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2009
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Inventors: Tomonori Kawabata, Hiroaki Abekawa, Makoto Yako
  • Patent number: 7863209
    Abstract: A method for recovering and reusing a ring-halogenation catalyst comprises: (A) contacting an aromatic compound with chlorine or bromine in the presence of a catalyst composition, where the catalyst composition comprises at least one salt comprising a Group 4-13 metal, a lanthanide metal, or an actinide metal; and at least one organic counterion derived from an organic acid having a pKa relative to water of 0 or greater; and at least one organic sulfur compound; to form a first product mixture comprising a monochloro or a monobromo aromatic compound and a Group 4-13 metal halide, a lanthanide metal halide or an actinide metal halide; (B) separating the metal halide from the first product mixture; and (C) contacting at least a portion of the metal halide and an aromatic compound with chlorine or bromine, and at least one organic sulfur compound; to form a second product mixture comprising a monochloro or a monobromo aromatic compound and a Group 4-13 metal halide, a lanthanide metal halide or an actinide metal
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: Sabic Innovative Plastics IP B.V.
    Inventors: Balakrishnan Ganesan, Pradeep Jeevaji Nadkarni, Robert Edgar Colborn, Dan Hancu
  • Patent number: 7838455
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method of regenerating a titanium-containing molecular sieve catalyst. Particularly, this invention provides a method of regenerating a titanium-containing molecular sieve catalyst used in epoxidation of olefin through simple treatment using a mixture solvent comprising aqueous hydrogen peroxide and alcohol. According to the method of this invention, when the catalyst having decreased activity is regenerated, the activity of the regenerated catalyst is equal to that of new catalyst and can be maintained stable for a long period of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: SK Energy Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Byong Sung Kwak, Seung Hoon Oh, Tae Jin Kim, Dae Hyun Choo, Young Min Chung
  • Patent number: 7824574
    Abstract: Processes are disclosure which comprise alternately contacting an oxygen-carrying catalyst with a reducing substance, or a lower partial pressure of an oxidizing gas, and then with the oxidizing gas or a higher partial pressure of the oxidizing gas, whereby the catalyst is alternately reduced and then regenerated to an oxygenated state. In certain embodiments, the oxygen-carrying catalyst comprises at least one metal oxide-containing material containing a composition having one of the following formulas: (a) CexByB?zB?O?, wherein B=Ba, Sr, Ca, or Zr; B?=Mn, Co, or Fe; B?=Cu; 0.01<x<0.99; 0<y<0.6; 0<z<0.5; and 1<?<2.2; (b) SrvLawBxB?yB?zO?, wherein B=Co or Fe; B?=Al or Ga; B?=Cu; 0.01<v<1.4; 0.1<w<1.6; 0.1<x<1.9; 0.1<y<0.9; 0<z<2.2; and 3<?<5.5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2010
    Assignee: Eltron Research & Development
    Inventors: James H. White, Erick J. Schutte, Sara L. Rolfe
  • Patent number: 7820579
    Abstract: A method of restoring catalytic activity to a spent hydroprocessing catalyst that has a first carbon concentration. The concentration of carbon on the spent hydroprocessing catalyst is reduced to provide a carbon-reduced catalyst having a second carbon concentration that is less than the first carbon concentration. The carbon-reduced catalyst is exposed to a solution, comprising a chelating agent and a solvent, for an aging time period sufficient to provide for a restored catalytic activity thereby resulting in an aged catalyst having incorporated therein the chelating agent and the solvent. The aged catalyst is exposed to conditions, including a drying temperature, so as to remove from the aged catalyst a portion of the solvent without removing a significant portion of the chelating agent from the aged catalyst thereby resulting in a dried aged catalyst. The dried aged catalyst is then sulfur treated to thereby provide a restored catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Josiane Marie-Rose Ginestra, James Dallas Seamans, Kenneth Scott Lee
  • Patent number: 7754636
    Abstract: A process for removing metal halides from regenerated ionic liquid catalyst comprising interacting a regenerated ammonium-based metal-halide ionic liquid catalyst or an ammonium-based metal-halide ionic liquid catalyst undergoing regeneration with either the parent ammonium halide salt from which the ionic liquid catalyst was made or a corresponding mixed salt having an ammonium halide to metal halide molar ratio of 0 to less than 2.0 is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Hye-Kyung C. Timken, Howard S. Lacheen, Thomas V. Harris, Robert W. Campbell
  • Publication number: 20100160147
    Abstract: A method of reactivating a spent catalyst comprising a metal and a catalyst support, the method comprising redispersing the metal in the spent catalyst to produce a redispersed spent catalyst, contacting the redispersed spent catalyst with a reactivating composition to produce a redispersed, reactivated spent catalyst, and thermally treating the redispersed, reactivated spent catalyst to produce a reactivated catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2009
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventor: An-Hsiang WU
  • Patent number: 7732363
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a used acidic catalyst which has been deactivated by conjunct polymers by removing the conjunct polymers so as to increase the activity of the catalyst is disclosed. Methods for removing the conjunct polymers include hydrogenation, addition of a basic reagent and alkylation. The methods are applicable to all acidic catalysts and are described with reference to certain ionic liquid catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Thomas V. Harris
  • Patent number: 7732364
    Abstract: A regeneration process for re-activating an ionic liquid catalyst, which is useful in a variety of reactions, especially alkylation reactions, and which has been deactivated by conjunct polymers. The process includes a reaction step and a solvent extraction step. The process comprises (a) providing the ionic liquid catalyst, wherein at least a portion of the ionic liquid catalyst is bound to conjunct polymers; and (b) reacting the ionic liquid catalyst with aluminum metal to free the conjunct polymers from the ionic liquid catalyst in a stirred reactor or a fixed reactor. The conjunct polymer is then separated from the catalyst phase by solvent extraction in a stirred extraction or packed column.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Bong-Kyu Chang, Huping Luo, Moinuddin Ahmed, Krishniah Parimi, Saleh Elomari
  • Patent number: 7696120
    Abstract: Disclosed is method for restoring catalytic activity to a hydroprocessing catalyst that has become spent due to its use or to the deposition of carbon thereon. The method includes a carbon reduction step whereby carbon is removed from the spent hydroprocessing catalyst in a controlled manner to within a specifically defined concentration range. Following the carbon removal step, the resulting catalyst, having a reduced concentration of carbon, is subjected to a chelation treatment whereby the resulting carbon-reduced catalyst is contacted with a chelating agent and aged for a time period necessary for realizing the benefit from the controlled carbon reduction step. In a preferred embodiment, the catalyst resulting from the chelation treatment is subjected to a sulfurization treatment involving the incorporation of elemental sulfur therein and contacting therewith an olefin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Josiane Marie-Rose Ginestra, James Dallas Seamans, Kenneth Scott Lee
  • Patent number: 7674739
    Abstract: A process for regenerating a used acidic ionic liquid catalyst comprising contacting the used ionic liquid catalyst with at least one metal in a regeneration zone in the absence of added hydrogen under regeneration conditions for a time sufficient to increase the activity of the ionic liquid catalyst is described. In one embodiment, regeneration is conducted in the presence of a hydrocarbon solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Thomas V. Harris, Hye Kyung C. Timken, Steven E. Trumbull
  • Publication number: 20090170688
    Abstract: A regeneration process for re-activating an ionic liquid catalyst, which is useful in a variety of reactions, especially alkylation reactions, and which has been deactivated by conjunct polymers. The process includes a reaction step and a solvent extraction step. The process comprises (a) providing the ionic liquid catalyst, wherein at least a portion of the ionic liquid catalyst is bound to conjunct polymers; and (b) reacting the ionic liquid catalyst with aluminum metal to free the conjunct polymers from the ionic liquid catalyst in a stirred reactor or a fixed reactor. The conjunct polymer is then separated from the catalyst phase by solvent extraction in a stirred extraction or packed column.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 28, 2007
    Publication date: July 2, 2009
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Bong-Kyu Chang, Huping Luo, Moinuddin Ahmed, Krishniah Parimi, Saleh Elomari
  • Publication number: 20090163347
    Abstract: A method of recovering unsupported fine catalyst from heavy oil comprises combining a slurry comprising unsupported fine catalyst in heavy oil with solvent to form a combined slurry-solvent stream. The combined slurry-solvent stream is filtered in a deoiling zone. A stream comprising unsupported fine catalyst and solvent is recovered from the deoiling zone. Unsupported fine catalyst is separated from the stream comprising unsupported fine catalyst and solvent. Filtering in the deoiling zone can comprise filtering the slurry and solvent through a cross-flow microfiltration unit, recovering a retentate stream of the cross-flow microfiltration unit, combining the retentate stream of the cross-flow microfiltration unit with solvent to form a combined retentate-solvent stream, and filtering the combined retentate-solvent stream through a cross-flow microfiltration unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2007
    Publication date: June 25, 2009
    Applicant: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Lalit S. Shah, Christopher A. Powers, James R. Stoy, Fred D. Brent, Bruce E. Reynolds, Andre R. Da Costa
  • Patent number: 7538059
    Abstract: A mixed metal oxide, which may be an orthorhombic phase material, is regenerated, selectively enriched or selectively poisoned as a catalyst to reduce catalyst aging for the production of unsaturated carboxylic acids, or unsaturated nitrites, from alkanes, or mixtures of alkanes and alkenes, by contacting said mixed metal oxide with a an oxidizing gas such as oxygen, air, steam and combinations thereof is permitted to flow through the catalyst in a regenerator at a temperature of from 300° C. to 600° C. to form said regenerated catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2009
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Fernando Antonio Pessoa Cavalcanti, Scott Han, Peter David Klugherz, Andrew Michael Lemonds, Daniel J. Martenak, Elsie Mae Vickery, Donald Lee Zolotorofe
  • Patent number: 7491750
    Abstract: An improved Method for the separation of catalyst particles and the wax product from the output slurry of a Fischer-Tropsch bubble column reactor comprising the contact of a hydrocarbon solvent from a cyclic solvent stream with the slurry, wherein the solvent is a hydrocarbon fraction which is pressurized and heated to its supercritical state and the temperature and the pressure of the solvent at the supercritical state are similar to those of the F-T reactor. After the separating of the catalyst from the hydrocarbon mixture of the solvent and the slurry in a catalyst separation section the hydrocarbon solvent and the wax product are separated, whereby the recovered solvent phase is lead to the cyclic solvent stream; which is used after re-pressurizing and re-heating in a supercritical solvent supply module to recycling the hydrocarbon solvent for the contact step. A system for carrying out the method is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI)
    Inventors: Hamid Reza Khakdaman, Bahman Amini Horri, Hossein Manafi Varkiani, Sasan Sadraei Noori, Khairolah Jafari Jozani
  • Patent number: 7132582
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalytic process for preparation of isolongifolene using nanocrystalline solid super acid. This process is an eco-friendly, single step, solvent free catalytic process for the preparation of a tricyclic sesqui-terpene hydrocarbon, isolongifolene. More particularly, the present invention provides a process for the catalytic isomerisation of longifolene to iso-longifolene using nano-crystalline sulfated zirconia as a solid super acid catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2006
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Raksh Vir Jasra, Beena Tyagi, Manish Kumar Mishra
  • Patent number: 7115537
    Abstract: A process for the regeneration of a zeolitic catalyst which is at least partially exhausted by use in the synthesis of optionally substituted methylenedianiline (MDA) and derivatives thereof, or of a mixture of optionally substituted MDA and derivatives thereof, with a higher homologous product the process involving washing said catalyst with an aromatic compound having at least one substitutent on the aromatic ring having activating characteristics with respect to the electrophilic substitution, in liquid or at least partially liquid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2006
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Carlo Perego, Alberto De Angelis, Otello Faris, Aldo Bosetti
  • Patent number: 7087546
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a process for regenerating and rejuvenating an additive-based hydrotreating catalyst containing Group VIB and Group VIII hydrogenation metals. The process comprises the steps of regenerating the catalyst by contacting it with an oxygen-containing gas at a maximum temperature of 500° C., followed by rejuvenating the catalyst by contacting it with an organic additive comprising an organic compound, other than a compound that the catalyst is contacted with in the course of its use as a catalyst prior to regeneration and rejuvenation. The organic additive is incorporated into the catalyst. If necessary, the catalyst may then be dried at such a temperature that at least 50% of the additive is maintained in the catalyst. The process according to the invention makes it possible to restore the activity of a used additive-based hydrotreating catalyst to its original level, or even to improve it to above that level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventors: Sonja Eijsbouts, Franciscus Wilhelmus Houtert, Marcel Adriaan Jansen, Tetsuro Kamo, Frans Lodewijk Plantenga
  • Patent number: 6916965
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method of stabilizing metalloaluminophosphate molecular sieves and catalysts derived therefrom. In particular, the invention is directed to a method of treating such molecular sieves with one or more nitrogen containing compounds having a kinetic diameter greater than the average pore size of the activated molecular sieve and selected from the group consisting of amines, monocyclic heterocyclic compounds, organonitrile compounds and mixtures thereof to chemisorbed and/or physisorbed the compound onto the molecular sieve. The compounds may be easily desorbed before or during use and after storage. The invention is also directed to formulating the molecular sieve into a catalyst useful in a process for producing olefin(s), preferably ethylene and/or propylene, from a feedstock, preferably an oxygenate containing feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Filip Mees, Etienne Vansant
  • Patent number: 6908873
    Abstract: A method for regenerating spent supported metal catalysts comprising treating the spent catalyst with an organo-metallic complex forming agent having an ionization constant pK1 of at least 2.5. The catalyst activity is restored to an activity level near to or greater than the fresh catalyst. The regeneration method is particularly useful for regenerating spent palladium catalysts on an alumina support as utilized for the hydrogenation of ethyl anthraquinone (EAQ) in the production of hydrogen peroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2005
    Assignee: Headwaters Nanokinetix, Inc.
    Inventors: Bing Zhou, Michael Rueter
  • Patent number: 6905997
    Abstract: A process is provided for the regeneration of a heterogeneous catalyst used for the preparation of compounds containing NH2 groups by the hydrogenation, with hydrogen, of compounds containing at least one unsaturated carbon-nitrogen bond, wherein a) the feed of the compound to be hydrogenated is stopped and b) the heterogeneous catalyst is treated with a compound of the formula R1R2N—CO—R3??(I), in which R1 is hydrogen or C1-C4 alkyl and R2, R3 independently of one another are each hydrogen or C1-C4 alkyl or together are a C3-C6 alkylene group, or mixtures of such compounds, at a pressure ranging from 0.1 to 30 MPa and a temperature ranging from 100 to 300° C., with the proviso that the compound of formula (I) is in liquid form during the treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Frank Ohlbach, Hermann Luyken, Andreas Ansmann, Rolf-Hartmuth Fischer, Johann-Peter Melder, Peter Bassler
  • Patent number: 6878654
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for regenerating a spent aromatics alkylation or transalkylation catalyst comprising a molecular sieve by contacting the spent catalyst with an oxygen-containing gas at a temperature of about 120 to about 600° C. and then contacting the catalyst with an aqueous medium, such as an ammonium nitrate solution, an ammonium carbonate solution or an acid solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Ajit B. Dandekar, Michael Hryniszak, Jeffrey S. Beck, David L. Stern, Kathleen M. Keville
  • Patent number: 6872859
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing bisphenols which comprises reacting a carbonyl compound containing at least two carbon atoms with an aromatic compound, containing a hydroxyl group and at least one hydrogen atom bound to the aromatic ring, in the presence of a catalyst comprising a zeolite characterized by a spaciousness index equal to or higher than 8. The invention also relates to a method for the regeneration of the zeolitic catalyst used in this process and comprises subjecting the exhausted catalyst to hot treatment with a suitable aromatic compound containing at least one activating group, preferably the same hydroxylated aromatic compound used in the process for the preparation of bisphenols from which the exhausted catalyst derives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Enitecnologie S.p.A.
    Inventors: Carlo Perego, Alberto De Angelis
  • Patent number: 6872678
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a process for activating a catalyst composition comprising at least one hydrogenation metal component of Group VI and/or Group VIII of the Periodic Table, and an S-containing organic additive, wherein the catalyst is contacted with hydrogen at a temperature between room temperature and about 600° C., preferably about 100-450° C., and prior to or during the contacting with hydrogen the catalyst is contacted with an organic liquid. Preferably, the contacting with the organic liquid is carried out prior to the contacting with hydrogen. The organic liquid may be a hydrocarbon with a boiling range of 150-500° C., preferably white oil, gasoline, diesel, or gas oil or mineral lube oil. It was found that the application of an organic liquid prior to or during the hydrogen treatment results in catalysts with an increased activity. The invention also comprises catalyst made by the above process and the use of such catalyst in hydrotreating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventor: Sonja Eijsbouts
  • Patent number: 6797184
    Abstract: A method is provided for oxidizing and/or decomposing organic and/or inorganic oxidizable substances in waste water by wet oxidation with a use of a catalyst, wherein the oxidizable substances are oxidized and/or decomposed with an oxygen containing gas in the presence of the catalyst under pressure such that the waste water retains the liquid phase thereof at a temperature of 50° C. to less than 170°C.; the catalyst contains activated carbon; and the oxygen concentration is controlled in an exhaust gas in the range from 0 to 5 vol %. The present inventive method is capable of treating waste water efficiently for a long period in a stable manner at reduced temperatures as compared with the substantially higher temperatures and pressures used in many of the prior art methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yusuke Shiota, Kuninori Miyazaki, Takaaki Hashimoto, Tohru Ishii
  • Patent number: 6756516
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method of stabilizing metalloaluminophosphate molecular sieves and catalysts derived therefrom. In particular, the invention is directed to a method of treating such molecular sieves with one or more nitrogen containing compounds selected from the group consisting of amines, monocyclic heterocyclic compounds, organonitrile compounds and mixtures thereof to chemisorbed and/or physisorbed the compound onto the molecular sieve. The compounds may be easily desorbed before or during use and after storage. The invention is also directed to formulating the molecular sieve into a catalyst useful in a process for producing olefin(s), preferably ethylene and/or propylene, from a feedstock, preferably an oxygenate containing feedstock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2004
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Filip Mees, Etienne Vansant
  • Patent number: 6740615
    Abstract: A method for regenerating used supported noble metal catalysts, which method includes solvent cleaning the used catalyst by contact with a suitable organic liquid cleaning solvent such as alcohols, ketones and such to remove organic deposits from the catalyst, followed by drying and calcining at elevated temperature to remove any remaining organic deposits from the catalyst, then treating the catalyst with an organo-metallic complex forming agent having ionization constant pK1 greater than about 2.5, such as glycolic acid and the like. The organic-metallic complex forming agent acts to break down large clusters of noble metal particles such as palladium (Pd) and redistributes the metal particles on the catalyst support such as alumina (Al2O3) in the same or other larger pores, so as to increase catalyst surface area and catalytic activity to provide a catalytic activity level at least 80% or even exceeding that of the fresh catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2004
    Assignee: Hydrocarbon Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Bing Zhou
  • Publication number: 20040092772
    Abstract: A process for the regeneration of a zeolitic catalyst which is at least partially exhausted by use in the synthesis of optionally substituted methylenedianiline (MDA) and derivatives thereof, or of a mixture of optionally substituted MDA and derivatives thereof, with a higher homologous product the process involving washing said catalyst with an aromatic compound having at least one substitutent on the aromatic ring having activating characteristics with respect to the electrophilic substitution, in liquid or at least partially liquid phase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2003
    Publication date: May 13, 2004
    Inventors: Carlo Perego, Alberto De Angelis, Otello Faris, Aldo Bosetti
  • Publication number: 20040077482
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for decontaminating solid iodine filters containing silver iodide, silver iodate and/or physisorbed molecular iodine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2003
    Publication date: April 22, 2004
    Inventors: Frederic Devisme, Jean-Pierre Donnarel, Aime Vaudano