Of Iron Patents (Class 502/336)
  • Patent number: 9522386
    Abstract: The invention relates to a catalyst suitable for use in the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide-containing gas, said catalyst comprising spinel phase of the formula [Fe2+(Fe3+yAl3+1-y)2O4]. Processes for preparing the catalyst and processes for the hydrogenation of carbon dioxide-containing gas in the presence of the catalyst are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: B.G. NEGEV TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS LTD. AT BEN-GURION UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Miron Landau, Mordechai Herskowitz, Roksana Vidruk
  • Patent number: 9142376
    Abstract: A method for fabricating field emission cathode, a field emission cathode, and a field emission lighting source are provided. The method includes: forming a catalyst crystallite nucleus layer on the surface of cathode substrate by self-assembly of a noble metal catalyst, growing a composited nano carbon material on the cathode substrate by using a TCVD process, in which the composited nano carbon material includes coil carbon nano tubes and coil carbon nano fibers. The measured quantity of total coil carbon nano tubes and coil carbon nano fibers is higher than 40%. The field emission cathode is fabricated by the aforementioned method, and the field emission lighting source includes the aforementioned field emission cathode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Ming-Der Ger, Nen-Wen Pu, Yih-Ming Liu, Kun-Ju Chung
  • Patent number: 9029286
    Abstract: A method of making a metal oxide nanoparticle comprising contacting an aqueous solution of a metal salt with an oxidant. The method is safe, environmentally benign, and uses readily available precursors. The size of the nanoparticles, which can be as small as 1 nm or smaller, can be controlled by selecting appropriate conditions. The method is compatible with biologically derived scaffolds, such as virus particles chosen to bind a desired material. The resulting nanoparticles can be porous and provide advantageous properties as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusettes Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian Neltner, Angela M. Belcher
  • Patent number: 9024090
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 9023754
    Abstract: A method of producing a catalyst material with nano-scale structure, the method comprising: introducing a starting powder into a nano-powder production reactor, the starting powder comprising a catalyst material; the nano-powder production reactor nano-sizing the starting powder, thereby producing a nano-powder from the starting powder, the nano-powder comprising a plurality of nano-particles, each nano-particle comprising the catalyst material; and forming a catalyst precursor material from the nano-powder, wherein the catalyst precursor material is a densified bulk porous structure comprising the catalyst material, the catalyst material having a nano-scale structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 9012352
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis which has excellent heat transfer capability. This catalyst contains (1) central core particle or particles made of a heat transfer material (HTM) selected from the group consisting of a metal, a metal oxide, a ceramic, and a mixture thereof; and (2) outer particle layer which surrounds the central core particles and is attached to the surfaces of the central core particles by a binder material layer. The outer particle layer has a support and catalyst particles in a powder form containing metal particles disposed on the support. The catalyst having such a dual particle structure shows excellent heat transfer capability and, thus, exhibits high selectivity to a target hydrocarbon. Therefore, the catalyst of the present invention is useful in a fixed-bed reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for producing hydrocarbons from synthetic gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Kyoung Su Ha, Joo Young Cheon, Yun Jo Lee, Seung-Chan Baek, Geun Jae Kwak, Seon Ju Park, Ki Won Jun
  • Publication number: 20150096900
    Abstract: Disclosed is an alloy of the formula: Fe3?xAl1+xMyTzTat wherein M represents at least one catalytic specie selected from the group consisting of Ru, Ir, Pd, Pt, Rh, Os, Re and Ag; T represents at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mo, Co, Cr, V, Cu, Zn, Nb, W, Zr, Y, Mn, Cd, Si, B, C, O, N, P, F, S, CI, Na and Ti; and Ta represents tantalum. Such an alloy can be used as an electrode material for the synthesis of sodium chlorate. It can also be used as a coating for protection against corrosion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Robert Schulz, Sylvio Savoie
  • Patent number: 8999145
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a slurry hydrocracking process. The process can include providing one or more hydrocarbon compounds having an initial boiling point temperature of at least about 340° C., and a slurry catalyst to a slurry hydrocracking zone. The slurry catalyst may have about 32-about 50%, by weight, iron; about 3-about 14%, by weight, aluminum; no more than about 10%, by weight, sodium; and about 2-about 10%, by weight, calcium. Typically, all catalytic component percentages are as metal and based on the weight of the dried slurry catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lorenz J. Bauer, Maureen L. Bricker, Beckay J. Mezza, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Patent number: 8986637
    Abstract: An emission control catalyst composition comprising a supported bimetallic catalyst consisting of gold and a metal selected from the group consisting of platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, copper and nickel is disclosed. Also disclosed is a catalytic convertor comprising a substrate monolith coated with the emission control catalyst composition and a lean burn internal combustion engine exhaust gas emission treatment system comprising the catalytic convertor. A variety of processes for preparing the catalyst composition are claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Janet Mary Fisher, David Thompsett
  • Patent number: 8975206
    Abstract: A catalyst composition comprising a vanadate represented by the formula XVO4/S, wherein XVO4 stands for a Bi-, Sb-, Ga- and/or Al-vanadate optionally in mixture with one or more rare earth metal-vanadates, or in mixture with one or more transition metal-vanadates, or in mixture with one or more transition metal-vanadates and one or more rare earth metal-vanadates, and S is a support comprising TiO2, optionally in combination with a dopant and a process for the preparation of such catalyst compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Treibacher Industrie AG
    Inventors: Karl Schermanz, Amod Sagar, Alessandro Trovarelli, Marzia Casanova
  • Patent number: 8969231
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported cobalt catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source of cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material, activating the catalyst with a reducing gas, steam treating the activated catalyst, and activating the steam treated catalyst with a reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: GTL.FI AG
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Sigrid Eri, Rune Myrstad, Odd Asbjørn Lindvåg
  • Patent number: 8946114
    Abstract: A method of producing stable ferrous nitrate solution by dissolving iron in nitric acid to form a ferrous nitrate solution and maintaining the solution at a first temperature for a first time period, whereby the Fe(II) content of the ferrous nitrate solution changes by less than about 2% over a second time period. A method of producing stable Fe(II)/Fe(III) nitrate solution comprising ferrous nitrate and ferric nitrate and having a desired ratio of ferrous iron to ferric iron, including obtaining a stable ferrous nitrate solution; dissolving iron in nitric acid to form a ferric nitrate solution; maintaining the ferric nitrate solution at a second temperature for a third time period; and combining amounts of stable ferrous nitrate solution and ferric nitrate solution to produce the stable Fe(II)/Fe(III) nitrate solution. A method of preparing an iron catalyst is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Res USA, LLC.
    Inventors: Pandurang V. Nikrad, Jesse W. Taylor, Richard A. Bley, Danny M. Dubuisson, Sara L. Rolfe, Belma Demirel, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Patent number: 8946108
    Abstract: A structurally promoted, precipitated, Fischer-Tropsch catalyst that exhibits an RCAI-10 of 0-2.8 and/or produces less than 6 wt % fines after 5 hours ASTM Air Jet Attrition testing, due to formation via: preparing a nitrate solution by forming at least one metal slurry and combining the at least one metal slurry with a nitric acid solution; combining the nitrate solution with a basic solution to form a precipitate; structurally promoting the precipitate with at least one source of silicon to form a promoted mixture, wherein promoting comprises combining the precipitate with (a) silicic acid and one or more component selected from the group consisting of non-crystalline silicas, crystalline silicas, and sources of kaolin or (b) a component selected from the group consisting of non-crystalline silicas and sources of kaolin, in the absence of silicic acid; and spray drying the promoted mixture to produce catalyst having a desired particle size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: RES USA, LLC.
    Inventors: Dawid J. Duvenhage, Belma Demirel
  • Patent number: 8937203
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The multifunctional catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst is effective for providing an acetic acid conversion greater than 20% and an ethyl acetate conversion greater than 0%. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support includes a metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, vanadium, and tantalum, provided that the modified support does not contain phosphorous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab
  • Patent number: 8901027
    Abstract: A method of forming a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by providing at least one metal nitrate solution, combining each of the at least one metal nitrate solutions with a precipitating agent whereby at least one catalyst precipitate is formed, and incorporating a strong base during precipitation, subsequent precipitation, or both during and subsequent precipitation. Catalysts produced via the disclosed method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Res USA, LLC
    Inventors: Deena Ferdous, Belma Demirel
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8871669
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is provided comprising a homogeneous solid mixture having ordered directionally aligned tubular meso-channel pores having an average diameter in a range of about 1 nanometer to about 15 nanometers, wherein the homogeneous solid mixture is prepared from a gel formed in the presence of a solvent, modifier, an inorganic salt precursor of a catalytic metal, an inorganic precursor of a metal inorganic network, and a templating agent. The templating agent comprises an octylphenol ethoxylate having a structure [I]: wherein “n” is an integer having a value of about 8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Oltea Puica Siclovan, Dan Hancu, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Ming Yin
  • Patent number: 8859458
    Abstract: Provided are a method of preparing an electrocatalyst for fuel cells in a core-shell structure, an electrocatalyst for fuel cells having a core-shell structure, and a fuel cell including the electrocatalyst for fuel cells. The method may be useful in forming a core and a shell layer without performing a subsequent process such as chemical treatment or heat treatment and forming a core support in which core particles having a nanosize diameter are homogeneously supported, followed by selectively forming shell layers on surfaces of the core particles in the support. Also, the electrocatalyst for fuel cells has a high catalyst-supporting amount and excellent catalyst activity and electrochemical property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Seung Jun Hwang, Sung Jong Yoo, Soo Kil Kim, Eun Ae Cho, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim
  • Publication number: 20140302614
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel sensor for detecting the early stages of catalyst coking in fuel reforming systems and methods for making and using the same. The sensor may be manufactured by inkjet printing a colloidal suspension of ceramic powders to create thin (about 20 ?m) catalytic and conductive elements of the sensor. The sensor may be used to determine the presence of coking conditions during processes at a level below the detection limit available using thermogravimetric analyzers (TGA) (<10 ?g), thereby reducing catalyst coking in systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 4, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Inventors: Jason M. Porter, Jeffrey L. Wheeler, Neal P. Sullivan
  • Publication number: 20140256542
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for the production of lower olefins by the conversion of a feed stream comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen, and catalysts as used therein, such as a Fischer-Tropsch process. By virtue of the invention, lower olefins can be formed from synthesis gas, with high selectivity, and low production of methane. The catalysts used herein comprise an ?-alumina support, and a catalytically active component that comprises iron-containing particles dispersed onto the support in at least 1 wt. %. The majority of the iron-containing particles is in direct contact with the ?-alumina and is well-distributed thereon. Preferably, the iron-containing particles have an average particle size below 30 nm, and most preferably below 10 nm. The supported catalysts not only show a high selectivity, but also a high catalyst activity and chemical and mechanical stability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventors: Hirsa Maria Torres Galvis, Johannes Hendrik Bitter, Krijn Pieter de Jong
  • Patent number: 8822746
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the hydrogenation, in particular the selective hydrogenation of unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds, such as the selective hydrogenation of acetylene to ethylene, using a hydrogenation catalyst comprising an ordered intermetallic compound, namely an ordered cobalt-aluminum or iron-aluminum intermetallic compound. According to another aspect, the present invention relates to a catalyst comprising a support and at least one specific ordered cobalt-aluminum and/or iron-aluminum intermetallic compound supported thereon, as well as to the use of specific ordered intermetallic cobalt-aluminum and iron-aluminum intermetallic compounds as catalysts. The ordered cobalt-aluminum and iron-aluminum intermetallic compounds proved to be highly selective and long-term stable catalysts, e.g. in the selective hydrogenation of acetylene to ethylene in a large excess of ethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Wissenschaften E.V., Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Munich, Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH
    Inventors: Marc Armbruster, Kirill Kovnir, Juri Grin, Robert Schlogl, Peter Gille, Marc Heggen, Michael Feuerbacher
  • Publication number: 20140243193
    Abstract: A cermet catalyst material, including a spinel matrix defining a spinel grain and a plurality metal particles embedded in and on the surface of the spinel grain. When the spinel grain is in a first oxidizing atmosphere and at a temperature above about 800 degrees Celsius the metal particles are absorbed into the spinel matrix in the form of metal cations. When the grain is in an second, less oxidizing atmosphere and at a temperature below about 1100 degrees Celsius the metal cations emerge from the spinel matrix to yield a plurality of metal particles adhering to the spinel grain or residing in intragranular pores.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2014
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Inventor: Michelene Hall
  • Patent number: 8802044
    Abstract: The invention relates to a filtration structure, for filtering a gas coming from a diesel engine, which is laden with gaseous pollutants of the nitrogen oxide NOx type and with solid particles, of the particulate filter type, said filtration structure being characterized in that it includes a catalytic system comprising at least one noble metal or transition metal suitable for reducing the NOx and a support material, in which said support material comprises or is made of a zirconium oxide partially substituted with a trivalent cation M3+ or with a divalent cation M?2+, said zirconium oxide being in a reduced, oxygen-sub-stoichiometric, state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Saint-Gobain Centre de Recherches et d'Etudes Europeen, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Philippe Vernoux, Abdelkader Hadjar, Agnes Princivalle, Christian Guizard
  • Patent number: 8791041
    Abstract: A method of producing a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by preparing a nitrate solution, wherein preparing comprises forming at least one metal slurry and combining the at least one metal slurry with a nitric acid solution; combining the nitrate solution with a basic solution to form a precipitate; promoting the precipitate to form a promoted mixture, wherein promoting comprises combining the precipitate with (a) silicic acid and one or more selected from the group consisting of non-crystalline silicas, crystalline silicas, and sources of kaolin or (b) at least one selected from non-crystalline silicas and sources of kaolin, in the absence of silicic acid; and spray drying the promoted mixture to produce catalyst having a desired particle size. Catalyst produced by the disclosed method is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: RENTECH, Inc.
    Inventors: Dawid J. Duvenhage, Belma Demirel
  • Patent number: 8759245
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing iron-containing porous organic-inorganic hybrid materials where the organic compound ligand is bonded to a central metal and has a large surface area and pores of molecular size or nano size, by irradiating microwaves instead of heat treatments such as the conventional electric heating, etc. as the heat source of the hydrothermal or solvothermal synthesis reaction, after reacting a metal or metal salt and organic compound to form crystal nuclei by a predetermined pre-treatment operation in the presence of a solvent. In another aspect, a method of the present invention further comprises the step of purifying the obtained porous organic-inorganic hybrid materials by treating them with inorganic salt. In particular, a method of the present invention is characterized by not using a hydrofluoric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Jong-San Chang, Young Kyu Hwang, Sung Hwa Jhung, Do-Young Hong, You-Kyung Seo, Gerard Ferey, Christian Serre
  • Patent number: 8734743
    Abstract: Described is a nitrogen oxide storage catalyst comprising: a substrate; a first washcoat layer provided on the substrate, the first washcoat layer comprising a nitrogen oxide storage material, a second washcoat layer provided on the first washcoat layer, the second washcoat layer comprising a hydrocarbon trap material, wherein the hydrocarbon trap material comprises substantially no element or compound in a state in which it is capable of catalyzing selective catalytic reduction, preferably wherein the hydrocarbon trap material comprises substantially no element or compound in a state in which it is capable of catalyzing a reaction wherein nitrogen oxide is reduced to N2, said catalyst further comprising a nitrogen oxide conversion material which is either comprised in the second washcoat layer and/or in a washcoat layer provided between the first washcoat layer and the second washcoat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Torsten W. Müller-Stach, Susanne Stiebels, Edith Schneider, Torsten Neubauer
  • Patent number: 8716160
    Abstract: This invention relates to the field of Fischer-Tropsch catalysis, in particular to activation of a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst. More particularly the invention relates to a method of activating an iron based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst which includes iron in a positive oxidation state by contacting in a reactor said iron based catalyst with a reducing gas selected from the group consisting of CO and a combination of H2 and CO; at a temperature of at least 245° C. and below 280° C.; at a reducing gas pressure of above 0.5 MPa and not more than 2.2 MPa; and at a GHSV of total gas fed to the reactor of at least 6000 ml(N)/g cat/h, thereby reducing the iron that is in a positive oxidation step in the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (PTY) Limited
    Inventors: Johannes Jacobus Huyser, Matthys Josephus Janse van Vuuren, Ryno Kotze
  • Patent number: 8716165
    Abstract: A method for providing a catalyst on a substrate is disclosed comprising providing a first washcoat comprising a soluble washcoat salt species, a polar organic solvent, and an insoluble particulate material, contacting the first washcoat with a substrate to form a coated substrate, and then contacting the coated substrate with a second washcoat comprising an oxide or an oxide-supported catalyst to physisorb, chemisorb, bond, or otherwise adhere the oxide or the oxide-supported catalyst to the coated substrate. Also disclosed is a catalyst on a substrate comprising: a substrate; an anchor layer comprising a soluble washcoat salt species, a polar organic solvent, and an insoluble particulate material; and a second layer comprises an oxide or an oxide-supported catalyst. The catalyst on a substrate can be in either green or fired form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventor: William Peter Addiego
  • Patent number: 8683787
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifying catalyst (1) of the present invention includes anchor/promoter simultaneous enclosure particles (5) including catalyst units (13) which contain: noble metal particles (8); and anchor particles (9) as an anchor material of the noble metal particles (8) supporting the noble metal particles (8); promoter units (14) which are provided not in contact with the noble metal particles (8) and contain first promoter particles (11) having an oxygen storage and release capacity; and an enclosure material (12) which encloses both the catalyst units (13) and the promoter units (14), and separates the noble metal particles (8) and the anchor particles (9) in the catalyst units (13) from the first promoter particles (11) in the promoter units (14). The exhaust gas purifying catalyst (1) further includes second promoter particles (6) which have the oxygen storage and release capacity, and are not enclosed in the anchor/promoter simultaneous enclosure particles (5) by the enclosure material (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takamasa Nakagawa, Masanori Nakamura, Misaki Fujimoto, Naoki Kachi
  • Patent number: 8664146
    Abstract: A bulk metal oxide catalyst composition of the general formula (X)b(M)c(Z)d(O)e??(I) wherein X represents at least one non-noble Group VIII metal; M represents at least one non-noble Group VIb metal; Z represents one or more elements selected from aluminum, silicon, magnesium, titanium, zirconium, boron, and zinc; one of b and c is the integer 1; and d and e and the other of b and c each are a number greater than 0 such that the molar ratio of b:c is in the range of from 0.5:1 to 5:1, the molar ratio of d:c is in the range of from 0.2:1 to 50:1, and the molar ratio of e:c is in the range of from 3.7:1 to 108:1; is prepared by controlled (co)precipitation of component metal compounds, refractory oxide material, and alkali compound in protic liquid. Resulting compositions find use in hydrotreatment processes involving particularly hydrodesulphurization and hydrodenitrification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Laszlo Domokos, Hermanus Jongkind, Johannes Anthonius Robert Van Veen
  • Patent number: 8633131
    Abstract: A mesoporous oxide-catalyst complex including: a mesoporous metal oxide; and a catalyst metal supported on the mesoporous metal oxide, wherein the catalyst on the mesoporous metal oxide has a degree of dispersion of about 30 to about 90 percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Doo-hwan Lee, Hyun-chul Lee, Sang-min Ji, Kyo-sung Park, Seung-jae Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8609578
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifying catalyst is constituted by: noble metal particles (1); first compounds (2) which support the noble metal particles (1); second compounds (3) different in type from the first compounds (2); and oxides (4) which surround the noble metal particles (1), the first compounds (2) and the second compounds (3). A median diameter of the first compounds (2) and a median diameter of the second compounds (3) satisfy a relationship of a following inequality: median diameter of first compounds<median diameter of second compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masanori Nakamura, Yoshiaki Hiramoto, Hiroto Kikuchi, Hironori Wakamatsu, Kazuyuki Shiratori, Tetsuro Naito, Katsuo Suga
  • Patent number: 8603400
    Abstract: A series of binary and ternary Pt-alloys, that promote the important reactions for catalysis at an alloy surface; oxygen reduction, hydrogen oxidation, and hydrogen and oxygen evolution. The first two of these reactions are essential when applying the alloy for use in a PEMFC.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Charles C. Hays, Sri R. Narayan
  • Patent number: 8586501
    Abstract: According to various embodiments, a catalyst composition includes a catalytic metal secured to a porous substrate. The substrate has pores that are templated. The substrate is a product of adding a substrate precursor to a water-in-oil microemulsion including a catalytic metal salt, a solvent, a templating agent, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Robert Edgar Colborn, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Dan Hancu
  • Patent number: 8546634
    Abstract: There is provided a method for production of a conjugated diene from a monoolefin having four or more carbon atoms by a fluidized bed reaction. The method for production of a conjugated diolefin includes bringing a catalyst in which an oxide is supported on a carrier into contact with a monoolefin having four or more carbon atoms in a fluidized bed reactor in which the catalyst and oxygen are present, wherein the method satisfies the following (1) to (3): (1) the catalyst contains Mo, Bi, and Fe; (2) a reaction temperature is in the range of 300 to 420° C.; and (3) an oxygen concentration in a reactor outlet gas is in the range of 0.05 to 3.0% by volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Hideo Midorikawa, Hiroyuki Yano, Takashi Kinoshita
  • Patent number: 8535632
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst-containing nanofiber composition, comprising a ceramic nanofiber having a plurality of metal catalysts wherein the metal catalysts exist as dispersed particles partially embedded in the nanofiber and cover from about 1% to about 90% of the surface area of the ceramic nanofiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventors: George G. Chase, George R Newkome, Sphurti Bhargava, Soo-Jin Park, Sneha Swaminathan
  • Patent number: 8524631
    Abstract: A method of producing a catalyst material with nano-scale structure, the method comprising: introducing a starting powder into a nano-powder production reactor, the starting powder comprising a catalyst material; the nano-powder production reactor nano-sizing the starting powder, thereby producing a nano-powder from the starting powder, the nano-powder comprising a plurality of nano-particles, each nano-particle comprising the catalyst material; and forming a catalyst precursor material from the nano-powder, wherein the catalyst precursor material is a densified bulk porous structure comprising the catalyst material, the catalyst material having a nano-scale structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 8507403
    Abstract: A process is described for producing a powder batch comprises a plurality of particles, wherein the particles include (a) a first catalytically active component comprising at least one transition metal or a compound thereof; (b) a second component different from said first component and capable of removing oxygen from, or releasing oxygen to, an exhaust gas stream; and (c) a third component different from said first and second components and comprising a refractory support. The process comprises providing a precursor medium comprising a liquid vehicle and a precursor to al least one of said components (a) to (c) and heating droplets of said precursor medium carried in a gas stream to remove at least part of the liquid vehicle and chemically convert said precursor to said at least one component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Miodrag Oljaca, Toivo T. Kodas, Ranko P. Bontchev, Klaus Kunze, Kenneth C. Koehlert
  • Patent number: 8507404
    Abstract: Provided are improved regenerable SOx trap formulations for on-board vehicle applications. The regenerable sulfur trap formulations reduce the rate of sulfur poisoning of a downstream nitrogen storage reduction (NSR) catalyst trap in exhaust gas cleaning systems for combustion engines by adsorbing SOx as metal sulfate under lean exhaust conditions and desorbing the accumulated SOx under rich exhaust conditions. The regenerable sulfur oxides trap catalyst compositions include a metal (M) oxide, wherein M is selected from Cu, Fe, Mn, Ag, Co and combinations thereof and a metal (M)-La—Zr oxide, wherein M is selected from Cu, Fe, Mn, Ag, Co and combinations thereof. In addition, provided are improved exhaust gas cleaning systems and methods for treating exhaust gas from a combustion source that include a hydrogen generation system, a regenerable sulfur oxides trap, and a regenerable nitrogen storage reduction (NSR) catalyst trap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: El-Mekki El-Malki, Walter Weissman, Paul J. Polini
  • Patent number: 8501132
    Abstract: A nanocomposite particle, its use as a catalyst, and a method of making it are disclosed. The nanocomposite particle comprises titanium dioxide nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, and a surface stabilizer. The metal oxide nanoparticles are formed hydrothermally in the presence of the titanium dioxide nanoparticles. The nanocomposite particle is an effective catalyst support, particularly for DeNOx catalyst applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Cristal USA Inc.
    Inventors: Guoyi Fu, Steven M. Augustine
  • Patent number: 8486853
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifying catalyst (1) according to the present invention includes noble metal particles (6), a first compound (7) supporting the noble metal particles (6), and a second compound (9) disposed not in contact with the noble metal particles (6) and having an oxygen storage capacity. An average distance between the first compound (7) and the second compound (9) is between 5 nm and 300 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuyuki Shiratori, Katsuo Suga, Masanori Nakamura, Hironori Wakamatsu, Hiroto Kikuchi, Tetsuro Naito, Jun Ikezawa
  • Patent number: 8481450
    Abstract: Methods and systems for contacting of a crude feed with one or more catalysts to produce a total product that includes a crude product are described. The crude product is a liquid mixture at 25° C. and 0.101 MPa. The crude product has an MCR content of at most 90% of the MCR content of the crude feed. One or more other properties of the crude product may be changed by at least 10% relative to the respective properties of the crude feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Opinder Kishan Bhan
  • Patent number: 8475921
    Abstract: A composite material includes an aggregate which contains a first metal particle constituting a core and second metal oxide particulates surrounding the first metal particle and having an average primary particle diameter ranging from 1 to 100 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo Kenkyusho
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Kayama, Kouzi Banno, Kiyoshi Yamazaki, Koji Yokota
  • Patent number: 8455390
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifying catalyst includes a monolithic substrate (2), and a transition metal oxide layer (3) formed in the monolithic substrate (2). The transition metal oxide layer (3) contains transition metal oxide powder including: transition metal oxide particles (10); a first compound (20) on which the transition metal oxide particles (10) are supported; and a second compound (30) that surrounds a single body or an aggregate of the transition metal oxide particles (10) and the first compound (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroto Kikuchi, Masanori Nakamura, Hironori Wakamatsu, Katsuo Suga, Toshiharu Miyamura, Jun Ikezawa, Tetsuro Naito, Junji Ito
  • Publication number: 20130131399
    Abstract: A process for producing a catalyst, the process comprising the steps of: impregnating a first metal from a first metal precursor on a support to form a first impregnated support; calcining the first impregnated support; impregnating a second metal from a second metal precursor on the first impregnated support to form a second impregnated support; calcining the second impregnated support to form the catalyst, wherein the catalyst has a total metal loading of at least 2 wt. % based on the total weight of the catalyst. A method for hydrogenating alkanoic acids in the presence of the catalyst is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 23, 2011
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: CELANESE INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Heiko Weiner, Ana Rita Almeida, Graham Ormsby
  • Patent number: 8404204
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a granulate having photocatalytic activity, comprising particles of an inorganic particulate material coated with a photocatalytically active compound for introducing photocatalytic activity into or on building materials. The invention is further related to the manufacture of such a granulate and its use into or on building materials such as cement, concrete, gypsum and/or limestone and water-based coatings or paints for reducing an accumulation and growth of microorganisms and environmental polluting substances on these materials and thus reducing the tendency of fouling, while the brilliance of the color is maintained and the quality of the air is improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Rockwood Italia SpA
    Inventors: Marino Sergi, Christian Egger
  • Patent number: 8389437
    Abstract: A method of preparing a catalyst support is described comprising washing a precipitated metal oxide material with water and/or an aqueous solution of acid and/or base such that contaminant levels in said precipitated metal oxide are reduced. The method may be applied to precipitated alumina materials to reduce contaminants selected from sulphur, chlorine, Group 1A and Group 2A metals. The catalyst supports may be used to prepare catalysts for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: John L. Casci, Elizabeth M. Holt, Adel F. Neale
  • Publication number: 20130040808
    Abstract: A catalyst composition comprising a vanadate represented by the formula XVO4/S, wherein XVO4 stands for a Bi-, Sb-, Ga- and/or Al-vanadate optionally in mixture with one or more rare earth metal-vanadates, or in mixture with one or more transition metal-vanadates, or in mixture with one or more transition metal-vanadates and one or more rare earth met-al-vanadates, and S is a support comprising TiO2, optionally in combination with a dopant and a process for the preparation of such catalyst composi-tions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Karl Schermanz, Amod Sagar, Alessandro Trovarelli, Marzia Casanova
  • Patent number: 8361925
    Abstract: The exhaust gas-purifying catalyst includes at least one of a first composite oxide represented by a formula A(Al2-xBx)O4 and a second composite oxide represented by a formula (Al2-yCy)O3, wherein element A is a divalent transition metal other than platinum-group elements, each of elements B and C is a transition metal other than platinum-group elements, x satisfies 0<x<2, and y satisfies 0<y<2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignees: Cataler Corporation, Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Matsueda, Mareo Kimura, Hiroto Yoshida, Keiichi Narita, Hirohisa Tanaka, Mari Uenisha, Masashi Taniguchi
  • Patent number: 8343888
    Abstract: Precursor cations of A and B elements of an ABO3 perovskite in aqueous solution are formed as an ionic complex gel with citric acid or other suitable polybasic carboxylic acid. The aqueous gel is coated onto a desired catalyst substrate and calcined to form, in-situ, particles of the crystalline perovskite as, for example, an oxidation catalyst on the substrate. In one embodiment, a perovskite catalyst such as LaCoO3 is formed on catalyst supporting cell walls of an extruded ceramic monolith for oxidation of NO in the exhaust gas of a lean burn vehicle engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Chang H Kim, Wei Li, Kevin A Dahlberg