Of Nickel Patents (Class 502/337)
  • Patent number: 10093542
    Abstract: An autothermal reforming catalytic structure for generating hydrogen gas from liquid hydrocarbons, steam and an oxygen source. The autothermal reforming catalytic structure includes a support structure and metal particles dispersed homogenously throughout the support structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignees: Saudi Arabian Oil Company, The University of Queensland
    Inventors: Jorge N. Beltramini, Moses O. Adebajo, Joao Carlos Diniz Da Costa, Gao Qing Lu, Thang V. Pham, Sai P. Katikaneni
  • Patent number: 9802872
    Abstract: The invention relates to use of a catalyst comprising particles of nickel dispersed in a porous silica matrix for catalyzing a methanation reaction. There is also described a method for methanation of a feedstock at least comprising gases carbon monoxide and hydrogen, said method comprising contacting the feedstock with the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignees: AGENCY FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, IHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Luwei Chen, Zhi Qun Tian, Armando Borgna, Hiroyuki Kamata, Yoshinori Izumi
  • Patent number: 9421524
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods for producing carbon, metal and/or metal oxide porous materials that have precisely controlled structures on the nanometer and micrometer scales. The methods involve the single or repeated infiltration of porous templates with metal salts at controlled temperatures, the controlled drying and decomposition of the metal salts under reducing conditions, and optionally the removal of the template. The carbon porous materials are involve the infiltration of a carbon precursor into a porous template, followed by polymerization and pyrolysis. These porous materials have utility in separations, catalysis, among others.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the University of Alabama
    Inventors: Martin Bakker, Franchessa Maddox Sayler, Amy Grano, Jan-Henrik Smått
  • Patent number: 9340468
    Abstract: This specification discloses an operational continuous process to convert lignin as found in ligno-cellulosic biomass before or after converting at least some of the carbohydrates. The continuous process has been demonstrated to create a slurry comprised of lignin, raise the slurry comprised of lignin to ultra-high pressure, deoxygenate the lignin in a lignin conversion reactor over a catalyst which is not a fixed bed without producing char. The continuous process further utilizes nanoparticles of a crystalline metal oxide. The conversion products of the carbohydrates or lignin can be further processed into polyester intermediates for use in polyester preforms and bottles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Biochemtex S.p.A.
    Inventors: Krishna Sharma, Aaron Murray, Steven Ryba, Dan Gastaldo, Guliz Arf Elliott
  • Patent number: 9040446
    Abstract: A method for preparing an improved slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. In one embodiment, the process comprises: sulfiding at least a metal precursor solution with at least a sulfiding agent forming a sulfided Group VIB catalyst precursor, the metal precursor solution having a pH of at least 4 and a concentration of less than 10 wt. % of Primary metal in solution; and mixing the catalyst precursor with a hydrocarbon diluent to form the slurry catalyst composition. The slurry catalyst prepared therefrom has a BET total surface area of at least 100 m2/g, a total pore volume of at least 0.5 cc/g and a polymodal pore distribution with at least 80% of pore sizes in the range of 5 to 2,000 Angstroms in diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph V. Nguyen, Julie Chabot, Ling Jiao, Christopher Paul Dunckley, Shuwu Yang, Erin P. Maris, Oleg Mironov, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Patent number: 9040447
    Abstract: A process for making an improved slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. In the process, a metal precursor solution comprising at least a water-soluble molybdenum compound and a water-soluble metal zinc compound is mixed under high shear mixing conditions to generate an emulsion. The emulsion is subsequently sulfided with a sulfiding agent ex-situ, or in-situ in a heavy oil feedstock to form the slurry catalyst. The in-situ sulfidation in heavy oil is under sufficient condition for the heavy oil feedstock to generate the sulfiding source needed for the sulfidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Oleg Mironov, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Publication number: 20150141240
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides improved films/coatings (e.g., catalyst films/coatings), and improved assemblies/methods for fabricating such films/coatings. More particularly, the present disclosure provides advantageous assemblies/methods for fabricating or synthesizing catalytic material (e.g., catalytic nanostructures) in flame and depositing the catalytic material onto substrates. The present disclosure provides improved catalytic nanostructures, and improved assemblies and methods for their manufacture. In exemplary embodiments, the present disclosure provides for methods/assemblies for synthesizing electrocatalytic nanostructures in flame and depositing such material or catalyst onto different substrates or supports. As such, the present disclosure provides advantageous assemblies that are configured and dimensioned to deposit fully dense, controlled porosity films (e.g., films of metals and oxides or core-shell particles) onto different substrates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: University of Connecticut
    Inventors: Justin Roller, Radenka Maric
  • Patent number: 9034786
    Abstract: A catalyst which comprises nickel and/or cobalt supported on a support that includes a mixed oxide containing metals, such as aluminum, zirconium, lanthanum, magnesium, cerium, calcium, and yttrium. Such catalysts are useful for converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, and for converting methane to hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Enerkem, Inc.
    Inventors: Prashant Kumar, David Lynch
  • Patent number: 9029286
    Abstract: A method of making a metal oxide nanoparticle comprising contacting an aqueous solution of a metal salt with an oxidant. The method is safe, environmentally benign, and uses readily available precursors. The size of the nanoparticles, which can be as small as 1 nm or smaller, can be controlled by selecting appropriate conditions. The method is compatible with biologically derived scaffolds, such as virus particles chosen to bind a desired material. The resulting nanoparticles can be porous and provide advantageous properties as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusettes Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian Neltner, Angela M. Belcher
  • Patent number: 9023754
    Abstract: A method of producing a catalyst material with nano-scale structure, the method comprising: introducing a starting powder into a nano-powder production reactor, the starting powder comprising a catalyst material; the nano-powder production reactor nano-sizing the starting powder, thereby producing a nano-powder from the starting powder, the nano-powder comprising a plurality of nano-particles, each nano-particle comprising the catalyst material; and forming a catalyst precursor material from the nano-powder, wherein the catalyst precursor material is a densified bulk porous structure comprising the catalyst material, the catalyst material having a nano-scale structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: SDCmaterials, Inc.
    Inventor: Maximilian A. Biberger
  • Patent number: 9024090
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 9018126
    Abstract: A catalyst for the epoxidation of an olefin comprising a carrier and deposited on the carrier, silver, a promoting amount of one or more promoters selected from the group consisting of alkali metals and rhenium and a promoting amount of nickel, wherein the nickel is added as a nickel compound or nickel complex during the initial impregnation along with the silver and other promoters; including a process for preparing the catalyst; a process for preparing an olefin oxide by reacting a feed comprising an olefin and oxygen in the presence of the catalyst; and a process for preparing a 1,2-diol, a 1,2-diol ether, a 1,2-carbonate, or an alkanolamine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Marek Matusz
  • Patent number: 9012352
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis which has excellent heat transfer capability. This catalyst contains (1) central core particle or particles made of a heat transfer material (HTM) selected from the group consisting of a metal, a metal oxide, a ceramic, and a mixture thereof; and (2) outer particle layer which surrounds the central core particles and is attached to the surfaces of the central core particles by a binder material layer. The outer particle layer has a support and catalyst particles in a powder form containing metal particles disposed on the support. The catalyst having such a dual particle structure shows excellent heat transfer capability and, thus, exhibits high selectivity to a target hydrocarbon. Therefore, the catalyst of the present invention is useful in a fixed-bed reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for producing hydrocarbons from synthetic gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Kyoung Su Ha, Joo Young Cheon, Yun Jo Lee, Seung-Chan Baek, Geun Jae Kwak, Seon Ju Park, Ki Won Jun
  • Patent number: 9012351
    Abstract: A method for continuously preparing a metal oxides catalyst comprises the following steps: dissolving metal materials using nitric acid solution to produce a metal nitrate solution, and also to produce NOx and water vapor; hydrolyzing the metal nitrate solution by introducing pressurized superheated water vapor into the metal nitrate solution to obtain a slurry of the hydrates of metal oxides as well as acidic gas, the main components of the acidic gas are NO2, NO, O2 and water vapor; filtrating and drying the slurry to obtain the hydrates of metal oxides and/or metal oxides; and then utilizing the obtained hydrates of metal oxides and/or metal oxides as raw materials and preparing the metal oxides catalyst by the conventional method for preparing a catalyst. The NOx gas produced can be absorbed to produce nitric acid which can be reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: SynFuels China Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong Yang, Baoshan Wu, Jian Xu, Hongwei Xiang, Yongwang Li
  • Patent number: 9012353
    Abstract: Disclosed are three-way catalysts that are able to simultaneously convert nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons in exhaust gas emissions into less toxic compounds. Also disclosed are three-way catalyst formulations comprising palladium (Pd)-containing oxygen storage materials. In some embodiments, the three-way catalyst formulations of the invention do not contain rhodium. Further disclosed are improved methods for making Pd-containing oxygen storage materials. The relates to methods of making and using three-way catalyst formulations of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen J. Golden, Randal Hatfield, Jason D. Pless, Johnny T. Ngo
  • Patent number: 8986637
    Abstract: An emission control catalyst composition comprising a supported bimetallic catalyst consisting of gold and a metal selected from the group consisting of platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, copper and nickel is disclosed. Also disclosed is a catalytic convertor comprising a substrate monolith coated with the emission control catalyst composition and a lean burn internal combustion engine exhaust gas emission treatment system comprising the catalytic convertor. A variety of processes for preparing the catalyst composition are claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Janet Mary Fisher, David Thompsett
  • Patent number: 8969231
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported cobalt catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source of cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material, activating the catalyst with a reducing gas, steam treating the activated catalyst, and activating the steam treated catalyst with a reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: GTL.FI AG
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Sigrid Eri, Rune Myrstad, Odd Asbjørn Lindvåg
  • Patent number: 8962518
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can be used in the process for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia, can generate heat efficiently in the interior of a reactor without requiring excessive heating the reactor externally, and can decompose ammonia efficiently and steadily by utilizing the heat to produce hydrogen. Also disclosed is a technique for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia efficiently utilizing the catalyst. Specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising an ammonia-combusting catalytic component and an ammonia-decomposing catalytic component. Also specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of cobalt, iron, nickel and molybdenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junji Okamura, Masanori Yoshimune, Masaru Kirishiki, Hideaki Tsuneki, Shinya Kitaguchi
  • Patent number: 8946117
    Abstract: There is presented a catalyst support that has a substantially spherical body, penetrated with a plurality of tunnels extending from a first end on a surface location of the catalyst body to another end on another surface location of the body. The support is made of alumina or like composition. The catalyst body has a total surface that includes the outer surface and surfaces within the tunnels. This total surface is adapted to receive catalyst composition. The catalyst support is adapted to being packed in a reactor and provides lower packed bed pressure drop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Unicat Catalyst Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Mani Erfan
  • Patent number: 8946113
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an Fe-modified perovskite-type catalyst, a method for preparing same and a method for preparing a synthesis gas by a combined reforming reaction using same. More particularly, it relates to a catalyst for a combined natural gas/steam/carbon dioxide reforming reaction having a perovskite structure with La and Sr introduced at the A site and Ni and Fe introduced at the B site with specific molar ratios and a method for producing a synthesis gas for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or methanol synthesis using the catalyst by the combined reforming reaction. The catalyst of the present invention exhibits higher carbon dioxide conversion rate, significantly reduced catalyst deactivation caused by carbon deposition and improved long-term catalyst stability and activity, as compared to the existing catalyst for reforming reaction prepared by the impregnation method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Eun Hyeok Yang, Jin Hee Lee, Hyun Jin Kim, Byoung Sung Ahn, Sang Woo Kim, Jae Sun Jung
  • Publication number: 20150031922
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process and catalysts for the conversion of a light hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide input stream into high quality syngas with the subsequent conversion of the syngas into fuels or chemicals. In one aspect, the present invention provides an efficient, solid solution catalyst for the production of a carbon containing gas from carbon dioxide and light hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises a single transition metal, and the transition metal is nickel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Robert Schuetzle, Dennis Schuetzle
  • Patent number: 8940660
    Abstract: The present invention involves both separated beds (or physical mixture) and a process for treating a fuel gas comprising sending the fuel gas to a separated bed (or physical mixture), in which the separated beds comprise a first bed of a sulfur sorbent and a second bed of a water gas shift catalyst (a physical mixture of a sulfur sorbent and a water gas shift catalyst). The process comprises first sending the fuel gas to the first bed to remove sulfur compounds from said fuel gas and then the fuel gas goes to the second bed to undergo a water gas shift reaction in which carbon monoxide is converted to carbon dioxide and water is converted to hydrogen. (or sending the fuel gas simultaneously to the physical mixture to remove simultaneously the sulfur compounds and to react CO with water to CO2 and hydrogen).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Manuela Serban, Kurt M. Vanden Bussche, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Patent number: 8937203
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The multifunctional catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst is effective for providing an acetic acid conversion greater than 20% and an ethyl acetate conversion greater than 0%. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support includes a metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, vanadium, and tantalum, provided that the modified support does not contain phosphorous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab
  • Patent number: 8927452
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a shell catalyst which comprises a porous shaped catalyst support body with an outer shell in which at least one catalytically active species is present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: SUD-Chemie AG
    Inventors: Alfred Hagemeyer, Gerhard Mestl, Peter Scheck, Sybille Ungar
  • Patent number: 8921258
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can convert ammonia contained in exhaust gas from an engine of a vehicle equipped with a Urea-SCR (Urea-Selective Catalytic Reduction) system, to nitrogen, and a method for preparating the same. The catalyst can convert ammonia which is failed to participate in a conversion reaction of NOx to N2 and slipped out of the SCR catalyst, to nitrogen via a SCO (Selective Catalytic Oxidation) reaction, before the ammonia is released to the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seong Ho Lee, Woo Jin Lee, Young Eun Cheon, Seung Hoon Oh, Sung Hwan Kim, Hong Seok Jung, Yong Woo Kim, Gi Ho Goh
  • Publication number: 20140370422
    Abstract: We disclose novel metallic nanoparticles coated with a thin protective carbon shell, and three-dimensional nano-metallic sponges; methods of preparation of the nanoparticles; and uses for these novel materials, including wood preservation, strengthening of polymer and fiber/polymer building materials, and catalysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
    Inventors: Kun Lian, Qinglin Wu
  • Publication number: 20140342902
    Abstract: To provide a production method of a base metal catalyst for exhaust gas purification and with a catalyst activity, in which a base metal-supported catalyst is uniformly supported by a honeycomb substrate. A production method of a catalyst for exhaust gas purification, comprising the steps of preparing a honeycomb substrate having a plurality of cells, preparing a base metal-supported catalyst comprising a carrier supporting a metal containing a base metal having an exhaust gas purification performance, preparing a slurry having a pH of 7 or more by dispersing the base metal-supported catalyst in an aqueous solution, and introducing the slurry to a partition wall surface of the honeycomb substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Mayuko Osaki, Michio Miura
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8889588
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst support for steam carbon dioxide reforming reaction utilizing the advantages of superior thermal conductivity and thermal dispersion of a metal foam support and a large specific surface area of a carrier material, which allows selective control of coating amount and the thickness of a support layer and prevents cracking on the support surface, using both the sol-gel method and the slurry method that have been used for coating of a metal foam support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Tae Gyu Kim, Dae Il Park
  • Patent number: 8883118
    Abstract: A process for producing the porous catalyst body for decomposing hydrocarbons, the body containing at least magnesium, aluminum and nickel, and has a pore volume of 0.01 to 0.5 cm3/g, an average pore diameter of not more than 3006 ? and an average crushing strength of not less than 3 kgf. The process includes molding hydrotalcite containing at least magnesium, aluminum and nickel, and calcining the resulting molded product at a temperature of 700 to 1500° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Toda Kogyo Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Takahashi, Naoya Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8883673
    Abstract: Described is a catalyst and process useful in the hydrodesulfurization of a distillate feedstock to manufacture a low-sulfur distillate product. The catalyst comprises a calcined mixture of inorganic oxide material, a high concentration of a molybdenum component, and a high concentration of a Group VIII metal component. The mixture that is calcined to form the calcined mixture comprises molybdenum trioxide in the form of finely divided particles, a Group VIII metal compound, and an inorganic oxide material. The catalyst is made by mixing the aforementioned starting materials and forming therefrom an agglomerate that is calcined to yield the calcined mixture that may be used as the catalyst or catalyst precursor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventor: Opinder Kishan Bhan
  • Patent number: 8871669
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is provided comprising a homogeneous solid mixture having ordered directionally aligned tubular meso-channel pores having an average diameter in a range of about 1 nanometer to about 15 nanometers, wherein the homogeneous solid mixture is prepared from a gel formed in the presence of a solvent, modifier, an inorganic salt precursor of a catalytic metal, an inorganic precursor of a metal inorganic network, and a templating agent. The templating agent comprises an octylphenol ethoxylate having a structure [I]: wherein “n” is an integer having a value of about 8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Oltea Puica Siclovan, Dan Hancu, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Ming Yin
  • Patent number: 8859453
    Abstract: A metal oxide-supported nickel catalyst includes a matrix containing a metal oxide and catalytic sites distributed throughout the matrix and having an intricate interface with the matrix, in which the catalytic sites are selected from the group consisting of nano-nickel(0) domains and nano-nickel(0)-A(0) alloy domains. Also disclosed are a method for preparing this catalyst and a method for using it to produce carbon monoxide and hydrogen by partial oxidation of a C1-C5 hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Liang Hong, Xiong Yin
  • Patent number: 8859458
    Abstract: Provided are a method of preparing an electrocatalyst for fuel cells in a core-shell structure, an electrocatalyst for fuel cells having a core-shell structure, and a fuel cell including the electrocatalyst for fuel cells. The method may be useful in forming a core and a shell layer without performing a subsequent process such as chemical treatment or heat treatment and forming a core support in which core particles having a nanosize diameter are homogeneously supported, followed by selectively forming shell layers on surfaces of the core particles in the support. Also, the electrocatalyst for fuel cells has a high catalyst-supporting amount and excellent catalyst activity and electrochemical property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Seung Jun Hwang, Sung Jong Yoo, Soo Kil Kim, Eun Ae Cho, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim
  • Patent number: 8846560
    Abstract: A process for preparing a slurry catalyst is provided. The slurry catalyst is prepared from at least a Group VIB metal precursor and optionally at least a Promoter metal precursor selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA metals and combinations thereof. The slurry catalyst comprises a plurality of dispersed particles in a hydrocarbon medium having an average particle size ranging from 1 to 300 ?m. The slurry catalyst is then mixed with a hydrogen feed at a pressure from 1435 psig (10 MPa) to 3610 psig (25 MPa) and a temperature from 200-800° F. at 500 to 15,000 scf hydrogen per bbl of slurry catalyst for a minute to 20 hours, for the slurry catalyst to be saturated with hydrogen providing an increase of k-values in terms of HDS, HDN, and HDMCR of at least 15% compared to a slurry catalyst that is not saturated with hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Shuwu Yang, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Julie Chabot, Bo Kou
  • Publication number: 20140284524
    Abstract: A catalyst for reforming hydrocarbons may include a nickel nanoparticle having a controlled crystal facet, the controlled crystal facet being a surface of the nickel nanoparticle and including a {100} face, a {111} face, or a combination thereof. The present disclosure also relates to a production method thereof and a method of reforming hydrocarbons using the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicants: Yonsei University, University - Industry Foundation (UIF), Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seung Jae LEE, In Hyuk SON, Hyunjoo LEE, Chanyeon KIM
  • Patent number: 8841229
    Abstract: A process for preparing a catalyst precursor includes, in a first preparation step, impregnating a particulate catalyst support with an organic metal compound in a carrier liquid. The metal of the organic metal compound is an active catalyst component. An impregnated intermediate is formed, and is calcined to obtain a calcined intermediate. Thereafter, in a second preparation step, the calcined intermediate from the first preparation step is impregnated with an inorganic metal salt in a carrier liquid. The metal of the inorganic metal salt is an active catalyst component. An impregnated support is obtained, and is calcined, to obtain the catalyst precursor. The metal is in particular cobalt. The precursor is reduced, in particular with hydrogen, to obtain the active catalyst. Also claimed is a process for the hydrogenation of CO, as well as a process for the hydrogenation of an organic compound using the so-prepared catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventors: Robert Johan Andreas Maria Terorde, Luuk Laurentius Kramer
  • Publication number: 20140274679
    Abstract: There is presented a catalyst support that has a substantially spherical body, penetrated with a plurality of tunnels extending from a first end on a surface location of the catalyst body to another end on another surface location of the body. The support is made of alumina or like composition. The catalyst body has a total surface that includes the outer surface and surfaces within the tunnels. This total surface is adapted to receive catalyst composition. The catalyst support is adapted to being packed in a reactor and provides lower packed bed pressure drop.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: UNICAT CATALYST TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Mani Erfan
  • Publication number: 20140275584
    Abstract: Methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing in high yield aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from a mixture of oxygenates comprising di- and polyoxygenates are disclosed. Also disclosed are methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing aromatic chemicals and liquid fuels from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like; and methods, catalysts, and reactor systems for producing the mixture of oxygenates from oxygenated hydrocarbons such as carbohydrates, sugars, sugar alcohols, sugar degradation products, and the like. The disclosed catalysts for preparing the mixture of oxygenates comprise a NinSnm alloy and a crystalline alumina support.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Virent, Inc.
    Inventors: Taylor Beck, Brian Blank, Casey Jones, Elizabeth Woods, Randy Cortright
  • Publication number: 20140256966
    Abstract: A method for stabilizing a metal or metal-containing particle supported on a surface is described, along with the resulting composition of matter. The method includes the steps of depositing upon the surface a protective thin film of a material of sufficient thickness to overcoat the metal or metal-containing particle and the surface, thereby yielding an armored surface; and then calcining the armored surface for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form channels in the protective thin film, wherein the channels so formed expose a portion of the metal- or metal-containing particle to the surrounding environment. Also described is a method of performing a heterogeneous catalytic reaction using the stabilized, supported catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: James A. Dumesic, Brandon J. O'Neill
  • Patent number: 8822368
    Abstract: The present invention relates to supported Ni-catalysts optionally comprising Zn as a promoter, methods for the production of said catalysts and uses of said catalysts for the hydrogenation of a hydrocarbon feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Reinhard Geyer, Klaus Hoheisel, Patrick Vander Hoogerstraete, Jürgen Hunold, Michael Keck, Dirk Lose, Rainer Schödel
  • Publication number: 20140234204
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can be used in the process for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia, can generate heat efficiently in the interior of a reactor without requiring excessive heating the reactor externally, and can decompose ammonia efficiently and steadily by utilizing the heat to produce hydrogen. Also disclosed is a technique for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia efficiently utilizing the catalyst. Specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising an ammonia-combusting catalytic component and an ammonia-decomposing catalytic component. Also specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of cobalt, iron, nickel and molybdenum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junji OKAMURA, Masanori YOSHIMUNE, Masaru KIRISHIKI, Hideaki TSUNEKI
  • Patent number: 8809222
    Abstract: An improved process for preparing a slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. In the process, high shear mixing is employed to generate an emulsion containing droplets of metal precursor in oil with droplet sizes ranging from 0.1 to 300 ?m. The emulsion is subsequently sulfided with a sulfiding agent, or in-situ in a heavy oil feedstock to form a slurry catalyst. The in-situ sulfidation in heavy oil is under sufficient condition for the heavy oil feedstock to generate the sulfiding source needed for the sulfidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Oleg Mironov, Alexander E. Kuperman, Julie Chabot, Shuwu Yang, Joseph V. Nguyen, Ling Jiao, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Axel Brait, Kenneth Kwik, Modinat Kotun
  • Patent number: 8809223
    Abstract: A process for preparing an improved slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. The process comprises providing at least a metal precursor in solution comprising at least two different metal cations in its molecular structure, with at least one of the metal cations is a Group VIB metal cation; sulfiding the metal precursor with a sulfiding agent in solution forming a catalyst precursor; and mixing the catalyst precursor with a hydrocarbon diluent to form the slurry catalyst. In one embodiment, the at least a metal precursor comprising at least two different metal cations is prepared by combining and reacting at least one Group VIB metal compound with at least a Promoter metal compound selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA metals and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph V. Nguyen, Julie Chabot, Oleg Mironov
  • Publication number: 20140227481
    Abstract: Provided is a structure for forming carbon nanofiber, including a base material containing an oxygen ion-conductive oxide, and a metal catalyst that is provided on one surface side of the base material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: FUJIKURA LTD.
    Inventor: Masayasu INAGUMA
  • Patent number: 8802586
    Abstract: An improved hydroprocessing slurry catalyst is provided for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock. The catalyst comprises dispersed particles in a hydrocarbon medium with the dispersed particles have an average particle size ranging from 1 to 300 ?m. The catalyst has a total pore volume of at least 0.5 cc/g and a polymodal pore distribution with at least 80% of pore sizes in the range of 5 to 2,000 Angstroms in diameter. The catalyst is prepared from sulfiding and dispersing a metal precursor solution in a hydrocarbon diluent, the metal precursor comprising at least a Primary metal precursor and optionally a Promoter metal precursor, the metal precursor solution having a pH of at least 4 and a concentration of less than 10 wt. % of Primary metal in solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Ling Jiao, Julie Chabot, Joseph V. Nguyen, Christopher Paul Dunckley, Shuwu Yang, Erin P. Maris, Oleg Mironov, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Patent number: 8802044
    Abstract: The invention relates to a filtration structure, for filtering a gas coming from a diesel engine, which is laden with gaseous pollutants of the nitrogen oxide NOx type and with solid particles, of the particulate filter type, said filtration structure being characterized in that it includes a catalytic system comprising at least one noble metal or transition metal suitable for reducing the NOx and a support material, in which said support material comprises or is made of a zirconium oxide partially substituted with a trivalent cation M3+ or with a divalent cation M?2+, said zirconium oxide being in a reduced, oxygen-sub-stoichiometric, state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Saint-Gobain Centre de Recherches et d'Etudes Europeen, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Philippe Vernoux, Abdelkader Hadjar, Agnes Princivalle, Christian Guizard
  • Patent number: 8802587
    Abstract: An improved process to make a slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. The sulfiding of the metal precursor/catalyst precursor is carried out at least twice (“enhanced sulfiding”) in the improved process to form a slurry catalyst with improved surface area and porosity value. The slurry catalyst under an enhanced sulfiding scheme is characterized as having increased catalytic activities over a slurry catalyst without an enhanced sulfidation step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph V. Nguyen, Julie Chabot, Ling Jiao, Christopher Paul Dunckley, Shuwu Yang
  • Publication number: 20140213441
    Abstract: The present invention provides an electrocatalytic material and a method for making an electrocatalytic material. There is also provided an electrocatalytic material comprising amorphous metal or mixed metal oxides. There is also provided methods of forming an electrocatalyst, comprising an amorphous metal oxide film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: Simon Trudel, Curtis Berlinguette
  • Patent number: 8785065
    Abstract: The present invention provides a catalyst for generating hydrogen, containing a composite metal of iron and nickel, the catalyst used in a decomposition reaction of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of hydrazine and hydrates thereof; and a method for generating hydrogen, including contacting the catalyst for generating hydrogen with at least one compound selected from the group consisting of hydrazine and hydrates thereof. According to the invention, hydrogen can be efficiently generated with improved selectivity in the method for generating hydrogen that utilizes the decomposition reaction of hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
    Inventors: Qiang Xu, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Ashish Kumar Singh