Of Iron Patents (Class 502/338)
  • Patent number: 10463734
    Abstract: Nanoparticles comprising a metal oxide and a platinum cluster having a height to base ratio greater than 1 and compositions containing the same are disclosed. Methods of using the nanoparticles in producing hydroxyl radicals and in photodynamic therapy, for example, in the treatment of hyperproliferative disease such cancer, are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
    Inventor: Howard R. Petty
  • Patent number: 10464814
    Abstract: The invention shows a production apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes by the gas-phase catalysis process, comprising: a first chamber having a growth region that is a region in which carbon nanotubes are formed; a first temperature adjustment device capable of adjusting a temperature of the growth region in the first chamber; a pressure adjustment device capable of adjusting a pressure in the first chamber; a first feed device capable of feeding a carbon source to the growth region in the first chamber; a second temperature adjustment device capable of adjusting a temperature of a solid-phase iron family element-containing material disposed in the production apparatus; and a second feed device capable of feeding a gas-phase halogen-containing substance into the production apparatus so that the iron family element-containing material of which the temperature is adjusted to a predetermined temperature by the second temperature adjustment device can react with the halogen-containing substance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignees: NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPORATION SHIZUOKA UNIVERSITY, JNC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoku Inoue, Takayuki Nakano, Tauto Nakanishi
  • Patent number: 10166531
    Abstract: A catalyst for selectively oxidizing hydrogen sulfide to element sulfur, catalyst for burning tail-gas, and process for deeply catalytically oxidizing hydrogen sulfide to sulfur are disclosed. The catalyst for selectively oxidizing hydrogen sulfide to element sulfur is prepared by: 10-34% of iron trioxide and 60-84% of anatase titanium dioxide, and the balance being are auxiliary agents. Also a catalyst for burning tail-gas is prepared by: 48-78% of iron trioxide and 18-48% of anatase titanium dioxide, and the balance being auxiliary agents. The catalyst of the present invention has high selectivity and high sulfur recovery rate. An isothermal reactor and an adiabatic reactor of the present invention are connected in series and are filled with the above two catalysts for reactions, thus reducing total sulfur in the vented gas while having a high sulfur yield and conversion rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Inventor: Nan Yang
  • Patent number: 9899668
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of preparing a positive active material for a rechargeable lithium battery that includes mixing an iron source including a carbon source, a lithium source, and a phosphoric acid source to form a positive active material precursor for a rechargeable lithium battery, the positive active material precursor including a lithium iron phosphate precursor and a carbon precursor; pulverizing the positive active material precursor for a rechargeable lithium battery; and heat-treating the pulverized positive active material precursor for a rechargeable lithium battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ji-Hyun Kim
  • Patent number: 9776175
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing liquid or solid hydrocarbons from syngas via the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis in the presence of iron-based catalysts, the iron-based catalysts for the use thereof, and a method for preparing the iron-based catalysts; more specifically, in the Fischer-Tropsch reaction, liquid or solid hydrocarbons may be prepared specifically with superior productivity and selectivity for C5+ hydrocarbons using the iron-based catalysts comprising iron hydroxide, iron oxide, and iron carbide wherein the number of iron atoms contained in the iron hydroxide is 30% or higher, and the number of iron atoms contained in the iron carbide is 50% or lower, relative to 100% of the number of iron atoms contained in the iron-based catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Chun, Ji Chan Park, Heon Jung, Ho-Tae Lee, Jung-Il Yang, Sungjun Hong
  • Patent number: 9708219
    Abstract: A cement including: an alkali silicate; an organic silicate; a compound selected from a group consisting of Pozzolanic compounds and synthetic Pozzolanic substitutes; a metal oxide; an activator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Inventor: Trevor Cyril Waters
  • Patent number: 9533292
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of preparing an iron carbide/carbon nanocomposite catalyst containing potassium for high temperature Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis reaction and the iron carbide/carbon nanocomposite catalyst prepared thereby, and a method of manufacturing a liquid hydrocarbon using the same and a liquid hydrocarbon manufactured thereby, wherein a porous carbon support is uniformly impregnated with an iron hydrate using melt infiltration, and potassium is also supported together via various addition processes, including a pre-addition process of a potassium salt which is ground upon impregnation with the iron hydrate, or a mid- or post-addition process of a potassium solution using incipient wetness impregnation after impregnation with the iron hydrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY RESEARCH
    Inventors: Ji Chan Park, Heon Jung, Ho Tae Lee, Jung Il Yang, Dong Hyun Chun, Sung Jun Hong
  • Publication number: 20150148220
    Abstract: Process for manufacturing ZPGM catalysts systems that may allow the prevention of formation or the conversion of corrosion causing compounds, such as hexavalent chromium compounds, within ZPGM catalyst systems is disclosed. In one embodiment, disclosed ZPGM catalysts systems, may include metallic substrate, which may include alloys of iron and chromium, a washcoat and an overcoat. Disclosed manufacturing process may include a thermal decomposition of hexavalent chromium compounds which may allow the decomposition of such compounds into trivalent chromium compounds, and may also produce metallic catalyst, such as silver. Such conversion may prevent corrosion formation, such as red color corrosion within ZPGM catalyst system. An embodiment of the disclosed process may include a reducing agent, which may be present in exhaust conditions, which may convert hexavalent chromium compounds into trivalent chromium compounds as well as produce metallic catalyst, such as silver.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: CDTi
    Inventor: Zahra Nazarpoor
  • Patent number: 9040450
    Abstract: A process for producing a composite oxide catalyst which includes a step of preparing an aqueous slurry containing at least iron and antimony and composed of a liquid phase and a solid phase, a step of drying the aqueous slurry to obtain a dried material, and a step of calcining the obtained dried material, wherein of the precipitated particles having a particle size of not less than 1 ?m but less than 150 ?m contained within the aqueous slurry, the proportion of precipitated particles having a particle size of not less than 1 ?m but less than 10 ?m is within a range from 40 to 90% by volume, and the proportion of precipitated particles having a particle size of not less than 10 ?m but less than 150 ?m is within a range from 10 to 60% by volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Dia-Nitrix Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kenichi Miyaki, Motoo Yanagita, Hirokazu Watanabe, Takashi Karasuda
  • Patent number: 9040446
    Abstract: A method for preparing an improved slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. In one embodiment, the process comprises: sulfiding at least a metal precursor solution with at least a sulfiding agent forming a sulfided Group VIB catalyst precursor, the metal precursor solution having a pH of at least 4 and a concentration of less than 10 wt. % of Primary metal in solution; and mixing the catalyst precursor with a hydrocarbon diluent to form the slurry catalyst composition. The slurry catalyst prepared therefrom has a BET total surface area of at least 100 m2/g, a total pore volume of at least 0.5 cc/g and a polymodal pore distribution with at least 80% of pore sizes in the range of 5 to 2,000 Angstroms in diameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph V. Nguyen, Julie Chabot, Ling Jiao, Christopher Paul Dunckley, Shuwu Yang, Erin P. Maris, Oleg Mironov, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Patent number: 9040447
    Abstract: A process for making an improved slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. In the process, a metal precursor solution comprising at least a water-soluble molybdenum compound and a water-soluble metal zinc compound is mixed under high shear mixing conditions to generate an emulsion. The emulsion is subsequently sulfided with a sulfiding agent ex-situ, or in-situ in a heavy oil feedstock to form the slurry catalyst. The in-situ sulfidation in heavy oil is under sufficient condition for the heavy oil feedstock to generate the sulfiding source needed for the sulfidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Oleg Mironov, Alexander E. Kuperman
  • Publication number: 20150141238
    Abstract: Nanocatalysts and methods of using the same to obtain aromatic hydrocarbon compounds from a source of carbon atoms and a source of hydrogen atoms in a single reaction step is provided. The catalyst comprises an Fe/Fe3O4 nanocatalyst that may be supported on a non-reactive support material such as a zeolite or alumina CO2 and H2 are preferred sources of carbon and hydrogen atoms for the reaction. The aromatic hydrocarbon compounds produced are suitable for direct usage as fuel without need for further refining.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2015
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Hongwang Wang, Stefan H. Bossmann, Donghai Wang, Deryl L. Troyer, Tej Shrestha
  • Patent number: 9029286
    Abstract: A method of making a metal oxide nanoparticle comprising contacting an aqueous solution of a metal salt with an oxidant. The method is safe, environmentally benign, and uses readily available precursors. The size of the nanoparticles, which can be as small as 1 nm or smaller, can be controlled by selecting appropriate conditions. The method is compatible with biologically derived scaffolds, such as virus particles chosen to bind a desired material. The resulting nanoparticles can be porous and provide advantageous properties as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusettes Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian Neltner, Angela M. Belcher
  • Patent number: 9024090
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Publication number: 20150111725
    Abstract: Novel photocatalytic devices are disclosed, that utilize ultrathin titania based photocatalytic materials formed on optical elements with high transmissivity, high reflectivity or scattering characteristics, or on high surface area or high porosity open cell materials. The disclosure includes methods to fabricate such devices, including MOCVD and ALD. The disclosure also includes photocatalytic systems that are either standalone or combined with general illumination (lighting) utility, and which may incorporate passive fluid exchange, user configurable photocatalytic optical elements, photocatalytic illumination achieved either by the general illumination light source, dedicated blue or UV light sources, or combinations thereof, and operating methodologies for combined photocatalytic and lighting systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Peter C. Van Buskirk, Jeffrey F. Roeder
  • Patent number: 9012351
    Abstract: A method for continuously preparing a metal oxides catalyst comprises the following steps: dissolving metal materials using nitric acid solution to produce a metal nitrate solution, and also to produce NOx and water vapor; hydrolyzing the metal nitrate solution by introducing pressurized superheated water vapor into the metal nitrate solution to obtain a slurry of the hydrates of metal oxides as well as acidic gas, the main components of the acidic gas are NO2, NO, O2 and water vapor; filtrating and drying the slurry to obtain the hydrates of metal oxides and/or metal oxides; and then utilizing the obtained hydrates of metal oxides and/or metal oxides as raw materials and preparing the metal oxides catalyst by the conventional method for preparing a catalyst. The NOx gas produced can be absorbed to produce nitric acid which can be reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: SynFuels China Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yong Yang, Baoshan Wu, Jian Xu, Hongwei Xiang, Yongwang Li
  • Patent number: 9011785
    Abstract: A high-temperature-resistant component for an exhaust-gas treatment unit, an exhaust-gas treatment unit and a method for producing such a unit, include providing the component or the exhaust-gas treatment unit with a surface layer intended to prevent the formation of chromium carbide bridges during a brazing process for producing the exhaust-gas treatment unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: EMITEC Gesellschaft fuer Emissionstechnologies mbH
    Inventor: Dieter Lutz
  • Patent number: 9011807
    Abstract: Described is a selective catalytic reduction catalyst comprising an iron-promoted 8-ring small pore molecular sieve. Systems and methods for using these iron-promoted 8-ring small molecular sieves as catalysts in a variety of processes such as abating pollutants in exhaust gases and conversion processes are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignees: BASF Corporation, N. E. Chemcat Corporation, Heesung Catalysts Corporation
    Inventors: Jaya L. Mohanan, Patrick Burk, Michael J. Breen, Barbara Slawski, Makoto Nagata, Yasuyuki Banno, Eunseok Kim
  • Patent number: 9012352
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis which has excellent heat transfer capability. This catalyst contains (1) central core particle or particles made of a heat transfer material (HTM) selected from the group consisting of a metal, a metal oxide, a ceramic, and a mixture thereof; and (2) outer particle layer which surrounds the central core particles and is attached to the surfaces of the central core particles by a binder material layer. The outer particle layer has a support and catalyst particles in a powder form containing metal particles disposed on the support. The catalyst having such a dual particle structure shows excellent heat transfer capability and, thus, exhibits high selectivity to a target hydrocarbon. Therefore, the catalyst of the present invention is useful in a fixed-bed reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for producing hydrocarbons from synthetic gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Kyoung Su Ha, Joo Young Cheon, Yun Jo Lee, Seung-Chan Baek, Geun Jae Kwak, Seon Ju Park, Ki Won Jun
  • Patent number: 8999145
    Abstract: One exemplary embodiment can be a slurry hydrocracking process. The process can include providing one or more hydrocarbon compounds having an initial boiling point temperature of at least about 340° C., and a slurry catalyst to a slurry hydrocracking zone. The slurry catalyst may have about 32-about 50%, by weight, iron; about 3-about 14%, by weight, aluminum; no more than about 10%, by weight, sodium; and about 2-about 10%, by weight, calcium. Typically, all catalytic component percentages are as metal and based on the weight of the dried slurry catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lorenz J. Bauer, Maureen L. Bricker, Beckay J. Mezza, Alakananda Bhattacharyya
  • Patent number: 8992870
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst comprising 0.1-10 mol % Co3-xMxO4, where M is Fe or Al and x=0-2, on a cerium oxide support for decomposition of N2O in gases containing NO. The catalyst may also contain 0.01-2 weight % ZrO2. The invention further comprises a method for performing a process comprising formation of N2O. The N2O containing gas is brought in contact with a catalyst comprising 0.1-10 mol % Co3-xMxO4, where M is Fe or Al and x=0-2, on a cerium oxide support, at 250-1000° C. The method may comprise that ammonia is oxidized in presence of an oxidation catalyst and that the thereby formed gas mixture is brought in contact with the catalyst comprising the cobalt component on cerium oxide support at a temperature of 500-1000° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Yara International ASA
    Inventors: Øystein Nirisen, Klaus Schöffel, David Waller, Dag Øvrebø
  • Patent number: 8986637
    Abstract: An emission control catalyst composition comprising a supported bimetallic catalyst consisting of gold and a metal selected from the group consisting of platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, copper and nickel is disclosed. Also disclosed is a catalytic convertor comprising a substrate monolith coated with the emission control catalyst composition and a lean burn internal combustion engine exhaust gas emission treatment system comprising the catalytic convertor. A variety of processes for preparing the catalyst composition are claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Janet Mary Fisher, David Thompsett
  • Patent number: 8980785
    Abstract: A catalyst structure suitable for use in an ammonia oxidation process is described including a plurality of shaped catalyst units supported on one or more members in a spaced relationship that allows the structure to flex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventor: Duncan Roy Coupland
  • Patent number: 8975206
    Abstract: A catalyst composition comprising a vanadate represented by the formula XVO4/S, wherein XVO4 stands for a Bi-, Sb-, Ga- and/or Al-vanadate optionally in mixture with one or more rare earth metal-vanadates, or in mixture with one or more transition metal-vanadates, or in mixture with one or more transition metal-vanadates and one or more rare earth metal-vanadates, and S is a support comprising TiO2, optionally in combination with a dopant and a process for the preparation of such catalyst compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Treibacher Industrie AG
    Inventors: Karl Schermanz, Amod Sagar, Alessandro Trovarelli, Marzia Casanova
  • Patent number: 8969231
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported cobalt catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source of cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material, activating the catalyst with a reducing gas, steam treating the activated catalyst, and activating the steam treated catalyst with a reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: GTL.FI AG
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Sigrid Eri, Rune Myrstad, Odd Asbjørn Lindvåg
  • Patent number: 8962518
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can be used in the process for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia, can generate heat efficiently in the interior of a reactor without requiring excessive heating the reactor externally, and can decompose ammonia efficiently and steadily by utilizing the heat to produce hydrogen. Also disclosed is a technique for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia efficiently utilizing the catalyst. Specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising an ammonia-combusting catalytic component and an ammonia-decomposing catalytic component. Also specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of cobalt, iron, nickel and molybdenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junji Okamura, Masanori Yoshimune, Masaru Kirishiki, Hideaki Tsuneki, Shinya Kitaguchi
  • Patent number: 8946114
    Abstract: A method of producing stable ferrous nitrate solution by dissolving iron in nitric acid to form a ferrous nitrate solution and maintaining the solution at a first temperature for a first time period, whereby the Fe(II) content of the ferrous nitrate solution changes by less than about 2% over a second time period. A method of producing stable Fe(II)/Fe(III) nitrate solution comprising ferrous nitrate and ferric nitrate and having a desired ratio of ferrous iron to ferric iron, including obtaining a stable ferrous nitrate solution; dissolving iron in nitric acid to form a ferric nitrate solution; maintaining the ferric nitrate solution at a second temperature for a third time period; and combining amounts of stable ferrous nitrate solution and ferric nitrate solution to produce the stable Fe(II)/Fe(III) nitrate solution. A method of preparing an iron catalyst is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Res USA, LLC.
    Inventors: Pandurang V. Nikrad, Jesse W. Taylor, Richard A. Bley, Danny M. Dubuisson, Sara L. Rolfe, Belma Demirel, Dawid J. Duvenhage, Harold A. Wright
  • Patent number: 8946108
    Abstract: A structurally promoted, precipitated, Fischer-Tropsch catalyst that exhibits an RCAI-10 of 0-2.8 and/or produces less than 6 wt % fines after 5 hours ASTM Air Jet Attrition testing, due to formation via: preparing a nitrate solution by forming at least one metal slurry and combining the at least one metal slurry with a nitric acid solution; combining the nitrate solution with a basic solution to form a precipitate; structurally promoting the precipitate with at least one source of silicon to form a promoted mixture, wherein promoting comprises combining the precipitate with (a) silicic acid and one or more component selected from the group consisting of non-crystalline silicas, crystalline silicas, and sources of kaolin or (b) a component selected from the group consisting of non-crystalline silicas and sources of kaolin, in the absence of silicic acid; and spray drying the promoted mixture to produce catalyst having a desired particle size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: RES USA, LLC.
    Inventors: Dawid J. Duvenhage, Belma Demirel
  • Patent number: 8946113
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an Fe-modified perovskite-type catalyst, a method for preparing same and a method for preparing a synthesis gas by a combined reforming reaction using same. More particularly, it relates to a catalyst for a combined natural gas/steam/carbon dioxide reforming reaction having a perovskite structure with La and Sr introduced at the A site and Ni and Fe introduced at the B site with specific molar ratios and a method for producing a synthesis gas for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or methanol synthesis using the catalyst by the combined reforming reaction. The catalyst of the present invention exhibits higher carbon dioxide conversion rate, significantly reduced catalyst deactivation caused by carbon deposition and improved long-term catalyst stability and activity, as compared to the existing catalyst for reforming reaction prepared by the impregnation method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Eun Hyeok Yang, Jin Hee Lee, Hyun Jin Kim, Byoung Sung Ahn, Sang Woo Kim, Jae Sun Jung
  • Patent number: 8937203
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The multifunctional catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst is effective for providing an acetic acid conversion greater than 20% and an ethyl acetate conversion greater than 0%. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support includes a metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, vanadium, and tantalum, provided that the modified support does not contain phosphorous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab
  • Publication number: 20150010455
    Abstract: Provided is a microwave catalyst. The microwave catalyst comprises: i) an active catalyst component comprising a metal and/or a metal oxide; ii) a microwave-absorbing component comprising at least one of CuO, ferrite spinel, and active carbon; and iii) a support. The microwave catalyst can be used for denitration by microwave catalysis, and has advantages such as high denitration efficiency, low energy consumption, environmental friendliness, and low costs. Also provided is a process for preparing the microwave catalyst and the use thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 24, 2012
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Inventors: Jicheng Zhou, Zhe Wang, Hongli Wang, Meng Wang, Guiyue Mao, Zunfang Jiang, Lingfei Gao
  • Patent number: 8901027
    Abstract: A method of forming a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by providing at least one metal nitrate solution, combining each of the at least one metal nitrate solutions with a precipitating agent whereby at least one catalyst precipitate is formed, and incorporating a strong base during precipitation, subsequent precipitation, or both during and subsequent precipitation. Catalysts produced via the disclosed method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Res USA, LLC
    Inventors: Deena Ferdous, Belma Demirel
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8883100
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a particle filter comprising a porous carrier body, an SCR active component and an oxidation catalyst, wherein the SCR active component is present as coating on the exhaust-gas entry surface and the inner surface of the porous carrier body and the oxidation catalyst as coating on the exhaust-gas exit surface of the porous carrier body. According to the invention the oxidation catalyst changes its function depending on operating conditions. In normal operation it serves as NH3 slip catalyst for oxidizing excess NH3 and during filter regeneration it operates according to the 3-way principle for converting NOx and CO. The invention also relates to a method for producing the particle filter, the use of the particle filter for treating exhaust gases from the combustion of fossil, synthetic or biofuels as well as an exhaust-gas cleaning system which contains the particle filter according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sued-Chemie IP GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Paulus, Klaus Wanninger
  • Patent number: 8871669
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is provided comprising a homogeneous solid mixture having ordered directionally aligned tubular meso-channel pores having an average diameter in a range of about 1 nanometer to about 15 nanometers, wherein the homogeneous solid mixture is prepared from a gel formed in the presence of a solvent, modifier, an inorganic salt precursor of a catalytic metal, an inorganic precursor of a metal inorganic network, and a templating agent. The templating agent comprises an octylphenol ethoxylate having a structure [I]: wherein “n” is an integer having a value of about 8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Oltea Puica Siclovan, Dan Hancu, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Ming Yin
  • Publication number: 20140315386
    Abstract: Solid metal compound coated colloidal particles are made through a process by coating metal compounds onto colloidal particle surfaces. More specifically, metal compound precursors react with the base solution to form solid metal compounds. The solid metal compounds are deposited onto the colloidal particle surfaces through bonding. Excess ions are removed by ultrafiltration to obtain the stable metal compound coated colloidal particle solutions. Chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) polishing compositions using the metal compound coated colloidal particles prepared by the process as the solid state catalyst, or as both catalyst and abrasive, provide uniform removal profiles across the whole wafer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: AIR PRODUCTS AND CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Hongjun Zhou, Xiaobo Shi, James A. Schlueter, Jo-Ann T. Schwartz
  • Patent number: 8865120
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a process for the production of ion-exchanged (metal-doped, metal-exchanged) Zeolites and Zeotypes, In particular, the method applied uses a sublimation step to incorporate the ion within the channels of the Zeolitic material. Hence, according to this dry procedure no solvent is involved which obviates certain drawbacks connected with wet exchange processes known in the art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Umicore AG & Co., KG
    Inventors: Fei Wen, Barry W. L. Southward, Liesbet Jongen, Alexander Hofmann, Daniel Herein
  • Publication number: 20140309105
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for manufacturing a homogeneous supported catalyst for carbon nanotubes. Advantageously, the method induces deep impregnation of a catalyst in micro pores of a support by using high-temperature aging impregnation, thus providing a high CNT yield.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Kyung Yeon Kang, Jin Do Kim, Sung Jin Kim, Jae Keun Yoon
  • Patent number: 8859458
    Abstract: Provided are a method of preparing an electrocatalyst for fuel cells in a core-shell structure, an electrocatalyst for fuel cells having a core-shell structure, and a fuel cell including the electrocatalyst for fuel cells. The method may be useful in forming a core and a shell layer without performing a subsequent process such as chemical treatment or heat treatment and forming a core support in which core particles having a nanosize diameter are homogeneously supported, followed by selectively forming shell layers on surfaces of the core particles in the support. Also, the electrocatalyst for fuel cells has a high catalyst-supporting amount and excellent catalyst activity and electrochemical property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Seung Jun Hwang, Sung Jong Yoo, Soo Kil Kim, Eun Ae Cho, Jong Hyun Jang, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Suk Woo Nam, Tae Hoon Lim
  • Publication number: 20140302407
    Abstract: This invention proposes metal complexes of polyphenylenediamines as the precursors of carbonized materials used as air electrode catalysts. Method of production includes mixing phenylenediamine monomer with a catalyst carrier in a solvent and adding an oxidant with metal salt to produce a metal complex of polyphenylenediamine. After drying the precursor is heat treated in the temperature range 400° C.-1000° C.° in nitrogen. Then the catalyst is leached and heat treated once again. In a modified procedure the heat treatment is carried out in air while leaching and subsequent thermal treatment are eliminated. The catalyst has demonstrated high performance and stability as the component of the air electrode of a metal-air battery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: Panisolar Inc
    Inventors: Iakov Kogan, Anna Khomenko
  • Publication number: 20140294715
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a ferrous oxide nanoparticle includes a water removing step raising temperature of a solution containing an iron oxide, an organic acid dissolving the iron oxide, and a first solvent to a first temperature and removing water in the solution, a second temperature maintaining step raising the first temperature to a second temperature and maintaining the second temperature, and a particle extracting step extracting the ferrous oxide nanoparticle from the solution after the second temperature maintaining step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tomoya TAGAMI, Eiji NAKASHIMA, Gang XIE, Saeki YAMAMURO, Naoyuki ARATANI, Takashi NISHIKAWA
  • Patent number: 8846560
    Abstract: A process for preparing a slurry catalyst is provided. The slurry catalyst is prepared from at least a Group VIB metal precursor and optionally at least a Promoter metal precursor selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA metals and combinations thereof. The slurry catalyst comprises a plurality of dispersed particles in a hydrocarbon medium having an average particle size ranging from 1 to 300 ?m. The slurry catalyst is then mixed with a hydrogen feed at a pressure from 1435 psig (10 MPa) to 3610 psig (25 MPa) and a temperature from 200-800° F. at 500 to 15,000 scf hydrogen per bbl of slurry catalyst for a minute to 20 hours, for the slurry catalyst to be saturated with hydrogen providing an increase of k-values in terms of HDS, HDN, and HDMCR of at least 15% compared to a slurry catalyst that is not saturated with hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Shuwu Yang, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Julie Chabot, Bo Kou
  • Publication number: 20140274679
    Abstract: There is presented a catalyst support that has a substantially spherical body, penetrated with a plurality of tunnels extending from a first end on a surface location of the catalyst body to another end on another surface location of the body. The support is made of alumina or like composition. The catalyst body has a total surface that includes the outer surface and surfaces within the tunnels. This total surface is adapted to receive catalyst composition. The catalyst support is adapted to being packed in a reactor and provides lower packed bed pressure drop.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: UNICAT CATALYST TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventor: Mani Erfan
  • Publication number: 20140256966
    Abstract: A method for stabilizing a metal or metal-containing particle supported on a surface is described, along with the resulting composition of matter. The method includes the steps of depositing upon the surface a protective thin film of a material of sufficient thickness to overcoat the metal or metal-containing particle and the surface, thereby yielding an armored surface; and then calcining the armored surface for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form channels in the protective thin film, wherein the channels so formed expose a portion of the metal- or metal-containing particle to the surrounding environment. Also described is a method of performing a heterogeneous catalytic reaction using the stabilized, supported catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: James A. Dumesic, Brandon J. O'Neill
  • Publication number: 20140234204
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can be used in the process for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia, can generate heat efficiently in the interior of a reactor without requiring excessive heating the reactor externally, and can decompose ammonia efficiently and steadily by utilizing the heat to produce hydrogen. Also disclosed is a technique for producing hydrogen by decomposing ammonia efficiently utilizing the catalyst. Specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising an ammonia-combusting catalytic component and an ammonia-decomposing catalytic component. Also specifically disclosed is a catalyst for use in the production of hydrogen, which is characterized by comprising at least one metal element selected from the group consisting of cobalt, iron, nickel and molybdenum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2014
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Junji OKAMURA, Masanori YOSHIMUNE, Masaru KIRISHIKI, Hideaki TSUNEKI
  • Patent number: 8809223
    Abstract: A process for preparing an improved slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. The process comprises providing at least a metal precursor in solution comprising at least two different metal cations in its molecular structure, with at least one of the metal cations is a Group VIB metal cation; sulfiding the metal precursor with a sulfiding agent in solution forming a catalyst precursor; and mixing the catalyst precursor with a hydrocarbon diluent to form the slurry catalyst. In one embodiment, the at least a metal precursor comprising at least two different metal cations is prepared by combining and reacting at least one Group VIB metal compound with at least a Promoter metal compound selected from Group VIII, Group IIB, Group IIA, Group IVA metals and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph V. Nguyen, Julie Chabot, Oleg Mironov
  • Patent number: 8809225
    Abstract: An iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst comprising magnetite and characterized by integrable X-ray diffraction reflections corresponding to (311), (511), (440), and (400), such that the relative intensity of the (400) reflection to the (300) reflection is less than about 39%. A method of preparing an activated iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by providing a precipitated catalyst comprising oxides including at least iron oxide; and activating the precipitated catalyst to provide the activated iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst, wherein activating the precipitated catalyst comprises exposing the precipitated catalyst to an activation gas and increasing the temperature from a first temperature to a second temperature at a ramp rate, whereby the ratio of the intensity of the (400) reflection of the activated iron-based Fischer-Tropsch catalyst to the intensity of the (311) reflection thereof is less than 38%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Rentech, Inc
    Inventor: Karl C. Kharas
  • Patent number: 8808653
    Abstract: PROBLEM The present invention is directed to provide a catalyst for purifying exhaust gas capable of maintaining a superior catalytic performance even when the catalyst is exposed to an exhaust gas at a high temperature of 800° C. or higher. SOLUTION The catalyst for purifying exhaust gas of the present invention comprises a catalytically active component containing a noble metal and a promoter containing an oxygen storage material both being supported on a carrier. The oxygen storage material comprises cerium, zirconium, and iron, and content of iron in the oxygen storage material is 0.01% by mass or more and less than 0.70% by mass (Fe2O3 conversion) relative to the total mass of the oxygen storage material. And the oxygen storage material is (a) a complex oxide or a solid solution of iron and a metal comprising cerium and zirconium; or (b) an iron is supported on a complex oxide or a solid solution of a metal comprising cerium and zirconium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignees: Umicore Shokubai Japan Co., Ltd., Umicore Shokubai USA Inc.
    Inventors: Kosuke Mikita, Takahiro Ikegami, Masanori Ikeda, Hideki Goto
  • Patent number: 8809222
    Abstract: An improved process for preparing a slurry catalyst for the upgrade of heavy oil feedstock is provided. In the process, high shear mixing is employed to generate an emulsion containing droplets of metal precursor in oil with droplet sizes ranging from 0.1 to 300 ?m. The emulsion is subsequently sulfided with a sulfiding agent, or in-situ in a heavy oil feedstock to form a slurry catalyst. The in-situ sulfidation in heavy oil is under sufficient condition for the heavy oil feedstock to generate the sulfiding source needed for the sulfidation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Oleg Mironov, Alexander E. Kuperman, Julie Chabot, Shuwu Yang, Joseph V. Nguyen, Ling Jiao, Bruce Edward Reynolds, Axel Brait, Kenneth Kwik, Modinat Kotun
  • Publication number: 20140227481
    Abstract: Provided is a structure for forming carbon nanofiber, including a base material containing an oxygen ion-conductive oxide, and a metal catalyst that is provided on one surface side of the base material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: FUJIKURA LTD.
    Inventor: Masayasu INAGUMA