Alumina (i.e., Dialuminum Trioxide) Patents (Class 502/415)
  • Publication number: 20150136316
    Abstract: A method of forming a structured adsorbent sheet is provided. The method includes, combining a nano-adsorbent powder and a binder material to form an adsorbent material, and sandwiching a porous electrical heating substrate between two layers of adsorbent material. The nano-adsorbent powder may be a nano-particle adsorbent. The nano-adsorbent powder may be selected from the group consisting of crystal zeolite, activated carbon, activated alumina, silica gel, and metal organic framework (MOF).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: L'Air Liquide Societe Anonyme Pour I'Etude et I'Exploitation des Procedes Georges Claude
    Inventors: Yudong Chen, Christian Monereau, Edgar S. Sanders, JR., Pascal Tessier
  • Patent number: 9034286
    Abstract: An exhaust system for a compression ignition engine comprising an oxidation catalyst for treating carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HCs) in exhaust gas from the compression ignition engine, wherein the oxidation catalyst comprises: a platinum group metal (PGM) component selected from the group consisting of a platinum (Pt) component, a palladium (Pd) component and a combination thereof; an alkaline earth metal component; a support material comprising a modified alumina incorporating a heteroatom component; and a substrate, wherein the platinum group metal (PGM) component, the alkaline earth metal component and the support material are disposed on the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: David Bergeal, Andrew Francis Chiffey, John Benjamin Goodwin, Daniel Hatcher, Francois Moreau, Agnes Raj, Raj Rao Rajaram, Paul Richard Phillips, Cathal Prendergast
  • Patent number: 9034269
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a diesel oxidation catalyst comprising a carrier substrate, and a first washcoat layer disposed on the substrate, the first washcoat layer comprising palladium supported on a support material comprising a metal oxide, gold supported on a support material comprising a metal oxide, and a ceria comprising compound, as well as a process for the preparation of such catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Marcus Hilgendorff, Alfred H. Punke, Torsten W. Müller-Stach, Gerd Grubert, Torsten Neubauer, Jeffrey B. Hoke
  • Patent number: 9034786
    Abstract: A catalyst which comprises nickel and/or cobalt supported on a support that includes a mixed oxide containing metals, such as aluminum, zirconium, lanthanum, magnesium, cerium, calcium, and yttrium. Such catalysts are useful for converting carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, and for converting methane to hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Enerkem, Inc.
    Inventors: Prashant Kumar, David Lynch
  • Patent number: 9029291
    Abstract: The present invention provides a metal passivator/trap comprising a rare earth oxide dispersed on a matrix containing a calcined hydrous kaolin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Qi Fu, Walter Babbitt, Mark Schmalfeld, Chandrashekhar P. Kelkar
  • Patent number: 9029286
    Abstract: A method of making a metal oxide nanoparticle comprising contacting an aqueous solution of a metal salt with an oxidant. The method is safe, environmentally benign, and uses readily available precursors. The size of the nanoparticles, which can be as small as 1 nm or smaller, can be controlled by selecting appropriate conditions. The method is compatible with biologically derived scaffolds, such as virus particles chosen to bind a desired material. The resulting nanoparticles can be porous and provide advantageous properties as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Massachusettes Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Brian Neltner, Angela M. Belcher
  • Patent number: 9024090
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for converting ethanol to higher alcohols, such as butanol, is disclosed. The catalyst composition comprises at least one alkali metal, at least a second metal and a support. The second metal is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, copper, nickel, and cobalt. The support is selected from the group consisting of Al2O3, ZrO2, MgO, TiO2, zeolite, ZnO, and a mixture thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng Zhang, Kenneth Balliet, Victor J. Johnston
  • Patent number: 9012352
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis which has excellent heat transfer capability. This catalyst contains (1) central core particle or particles made of a heat transfer material (HTM) selected from the group consisting of a metal, a metal oxide, a ceramic, and a mixture thereof; and (2) outer particle layer which surrounds the central core particles and is attached to the surfaces of the central core particles by a binder material layer. The outer particle layer has a support and catalyst particles in a powder form containing metal particles disposed on the support. The catalyst having such a dual particle structure shows excellent heat transfer capability and, thus, exhibits high selectivity to a target hydrocarbon. Therefore, the catalyst of the present invention is useful in a fixed-bed reactor for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis for producing hydrocarbons from synthetic gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology
    Inventors: Kyoung Su Ha, Joo Young Cheon, Yun Jo Lee, Seung-Chan Baek, Geun Jae Kwak, Seon Ju Park, Ki Won Jun
  • Patent number: 9012350
    Abstract: The herein disclosed exhaust gas purification catalyst is an exhaust gas purification catalyst that is provided with a porous carrier 40 and palladium 50 supported on this porous carrier 40. The porous carrier 40 is provided with an alumina carrier 42 formed of alumina and with a CZ carrier 44 formed of a ceria-zirconia complex oxide. Barium is added to both the alumina carrier 42 and the CZ carrier 44. Here, an amount of barium added to the alumina carrier 42 is an amount that corresponds to 10 mass % to 15 mass % relative to a total mass of the alumina carrier 42 excluding the barium, and an amount of barium added to the CZ carrier 44 is an amount that corresponds to 5 mass % to 10 mass % relative to a total mass of the CZ carrier 44 excluding the barium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yuki Aoki
  • Patent number: 9011809
    Abstract: An ammonia oxidation catalyst being superior in heat resistance and capable of suppressing by-production of N2O or NOx. The ammonia oxidation catalyst is made by coating at least two catalyst layers having a catalyst layer (lower layer) including a catalyst supported a noble metal on an inorganic base material including any of a composite oxide (A) having at least titania and silica as main components, alumina, and a composite oxide (B) consisting of alumina and silica; and a catalyst layer (upper layer) including a composite oxide (C) consisting of at least silica, tungsten oxide, ceria and zirconia, at the surface of an integral structure-type substrate, wherein a composition of the composite oxide (C) is silica: 20% by weight or less, tungsten oxide: 1 to 50% by weight, ceria: 1 to 60% by weight, and zirconia: 30 to 90% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: N.E. Chemcat Corporation
    Inventors: Tomoaki Ito, Toshinori Okajima, Takashi Hihara, Makoto Nagata
  • Publication number: 20150101483
    Abstract: An adsorbent media has a pore volume/media volume of at least about 0.12 cc pore volume/cc media, a specific heat capacity of less than about 2.9 J/cc pore volume, and a pressure drop of less than about 4.0 inH2O/ft media at a superficial air velocity of about 500 ft/min, wherein the adsorbent media is in a concentrator system. An extruded honeycomb adsorbent media has a cell density of more than about 200 cells per square inch (cspi), % open area of at least about 50%, an activated carbon content of at least about 50% by weight based on total weight, and a pressure drop of less than about 4.0 inH2O/ft media at a superficial fluid velocity of about 500 ft/min.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: John D. PERRY, Paula S. WALMET
  • Patent number: 8999880
    Abstract: A method for producing a dehydrogenation catalyst including an immersion step of impregnating an alumina layer of an alumina carrier with a platinum solution containing hexahydroxo platinate (IV) ions with an immersion method, wherein the alumina carrier has the alumina layer formed by anodic oxidation on at least a part of the surface of an aluminum support; and a calcination step of calcining the alumina carrier subjected to the immersion step to provide a dehydrogenation catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Nanako Obata, Atsushi Segawa, Yuichiro Hirano
  • Patent number: 8975208
    Abstract: The present invention provides an adsorbent for removing sulfur from cracking gasoline or diesel fuel. The adsorbent has excellent abrasion-resistance and desulfurization activity. The adsorbent comprises from about 5 to about 35 wt % of alumina, from about 3 to about 30 wt % of silica, from about 10 to about 80 wt % of at least one oxide of metal selected from Groups IIB and VB, from about 3 to about 30 wt % of at least one metal accelerant selected from Groups VIIB and VIII, and from about 0.5 to about 10 wt % of at least one oxide of metal selected from Groups IA and IIA, based on the total weight of the adsorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignees: China Petroleum Chemical Corporation, Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, Sinopec
    Inventors: Jun Long, Huiping Tian, Wei Lin
  • Patent number: 8969231
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported cobalt catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source of cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material, activating the catalyst with a reducing gas, steam treating the activated catalyst, and activating the steam treated catalyst with a reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: GTL.FI AG
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Sigrid Eri, Rune Myrstad, Odd Asbjørn Lindvåg
  • Patent number: 8968601
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst used for steam carbon dioxide reforming of natural gas, wherein an alkaline earth metal alone or an alkaline earth metal and a group 8B metal are supported on a hydrotalcite-like catalyst containing nickel, magnesium and aluminum. The disclosed catalyst is useful as a steam carbon dioxide reforming (SCR) catalyst of natural gas at high temperature and high pressure, while minimizing deactivation of the catalyst due to sintering of the active component nickel and deactivation of the catalyst due to coke generation at the same time. A synthesis gas prepared using the catalyst has a H2/CO molar ratio maintained at 1-2.2. A synthesis gas having a H2/CO molar ratio of 1.8-2.2 may be used as a raw material for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis or methanol synthesis and a synthesis gas having a H2/CO molar ratio of may be used as a raw material for dimethyl ether synthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Yun Ju Lee, Jae Sun Jung, Jin Hee Lee, Seung Hwan Lee, Bang Hee Kim, Hyun Jin Kim, Eun Hyeok Yang
  • Patent number: 8969240
    Abstract: A sorbent, suitable for removing heavy metals, particularly mercury, from fluid streams containing a reductant such as hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide, is in the form of a shaped unit containing ?0.1% by weight in total of heavy metal selected from mercury, arsenic, lead, cadmium and antimony, and 4-75% by weight of copper in the form of one or more reduced copper sulphides which have a sulphur to copper atomic ratio of ?0.6:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: Lucy Jane Hetherington, Matthew John Cousins
  • Patent number: 8952076
    Abstract: A method of producing an alumina-supported catalyst for use in a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis reaction, which comprises: calcining an initial ?-alumina support material at a temperature of at least 550° C. to produce a modified alumina support material; impregnating the modified alumina support material with a source cobalt; calcining the impregnated support material at a temperature of 700° C. to 1200° C., and activating the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Statoil ASA
    Inventors: Erling Rytter, Torild Hulsund Skagseth, Hanne Wigum, Nonyameko Sincadu
  • Patent number: 8950392
    Abstract: A system for converting solar energy to chemical energy, and, subsequently, to thermal energy includes a light-harvesting station, a storage station, and a thermal energy release station. The system may include additional stations for converting the released thermal energy to other energy forms, e.g., to electrical energy and mechanical work. At the light-harvesting station, a photochemically active first organometallic compound, e.g., a fulvalenyl diruthenium complex, is exposed to light and is photochemically converted to a second, higher-energy organometallic compound, which is then transported to a storage station. At the storage station, the high-energy organometallic compound is stored for a desired time and/or is transported to a desired location for thermal energy release.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: K. Peter C. Vollhardt, Rachel A. Segalman, Arunava Majumdar, Steven Meier
  • Patent number: 8945497
    Abstract: The invention concerns a process for the oxidation of organic compounds contained in a gas stream and comprises the step of introducing the gas stream containing the organic compounds together with sufficient oxygen to effect the desired amount of oxidation into an oxidation reactor containing an oxidation catalyst and maintaining the temperature of said gas stream at a temperature sufficient to effect oxidation, characterised in that the oxidation catalyst contains at least 0.01% by weight of ruthenium, cobalt or manganese.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventors: Gareth Headdock, Kenneth George Griffin, Peter Johnston, Martin John Hayes
  • Patent number: 8940659
    Abstract: Disclosed is a gas purifying catalyst for an internal combustion engine comprising: a carrier and a catalyst layer formed on the carrier, the catalyst layer including a first catalyst, a second catalyst and a third catalyst. The first catalyst comprises Pd supported in a first support, the first support comprising alumina. The second catalyst comprises Rh supported in a second support, the second support comprising a complex oxide of ceria-zirconia. The third catalyst comprising Pd supported in a third support, the third support comprising a complex oxide of ceria-zirconia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventors: Cheol Beom Lim, Yoon Sang Nam, Jin Woo Choung, Youngil Song
  • Patent number: 8940657
    Abstract: An exhaust emission control catalyst disclosed herein is equipped with a rhodium catalytic layer and a platinum catalytic layer, and is characterized in that a relationship between a mole average (X) of a Pauling's electronegativity that is calculated as to elements included in the rhodium catalytic layer except platinum group elements and oxygen and a mole average (Y) of a Pauling's electronegativity that is calculated as to elements included in the platinum catalytic layer except platinum group elements and oxygen is 1.30?X?1.45 and 1.47?Y?2.0. According to this exhaust emission control catalyst, an interlayer transfer of platinum and/or rhodium and the alloying of platinum and/or rhodium are suppressed during use of the catalyst, and high exhaust gas purification performance can be exerted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yoshihide Segawa
  • Patent number: 8937203
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The multifunctional catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst is effective for providing an acetic acid conversion greater than 20% and an ethyl acetate conversion greater than 0%. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support includes a metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, vanadium, and tantalum, provided that the modified support does not contain phosphorous.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Celanese International Corporation
    Inventors: Zhenhua Zhou, Heiko Weiner, Radmila Wollrab
  • Patent number: 8932546
    Abstract: A catalytically active particulate filter is proposed which is suitable for use in an exhaust gas cleaning system for diesel engines. The particulate filter removes diesel soot particles from the exhaust gas and is also effective to oxidize carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons and to convert nitrogen monoxide at least proportionally into nitrogen dioxide. The particulate filter comprises a filter body (3) and two catalytically active coatings (1) and (2) which contain platinum and palladium, or platinum or palladium respectively, wherein the platinum content of the second catalytically active coating (2) is higher than the platinum content of the first catalytically active coating (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Umicore AG & Co. KG
    Inventors: Stephanie Frantz, Ulrich Goebel, Franz Dornhaus, Michael Schiffer
  • Patent number: 8932983
    Abstract: An adsorbent for removing compounds from a fluid comprising chitosan and one or more additional materials to enable selectivity of compounds removed. A chitosan based adsorbent is functionalized and cross linked to a predetermined degree to enhance its capacity and selectivity for various molecules and/or ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Crystal Clear Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: James M Harris, Sharad Hajela
  • Patent number: 8927454
    Abstract: An exhaust gas-purifying catalyst includes a support provided with one or more through-holes through which exhaust gas flows, and a catalytic layer supported by the support and containing an oxygen storage material. The exhaust gas-purifying catalyst includes a first section to which the exhaust gas is supplied, and a second section to which the exhaust gas having passed through the first section is supplied. The catalytic layer includes a layered structure of a first catalytic layer containing platinum and/or palladium and a second catalytic layer containing rhodium in the first catalytic section and further includes a third layer containing rhodium in the second section. The second section is smaller in oxygen storage material content per unit volumetric capacity than the first section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: Cataler Corporation
    Inventors: Minoru Itou, Michihiko Takeuchi, Tetsuya Shinozaki, Takaaki Kanazawa, Masaya Kamada, Tadashi Suzuki, Satoru Katoh, Naoki Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8921258
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst which can convert ammonia contained in exhaust gas from an engine of a vehicle equipped with a Urea-SCR (Urea-Selective Catalytic Reduction) system, to nitrogen, and a method for preparating the same. The catalyst can convert ammonia which is failed to participate in a conversion reaction of NOx to N2 and slipped out of the SCR catalyst, to nitrogen via a SCO (Selective Catalytic Oxidation) reaction, before the ammonia is released to the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: SK Innovation Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seong Ho Lee, Woo Jin Lee, Young Eun Cheon, Seung Hoon Oh, Sung Hwan Kim, Hong Seok Jung, Yong Woo Kim, Gi Ho Goh
  • Patent number: 8920759
    Abstract: One embodiment includes an oxidation catalyst assembly formed by applying a washcoat of platinum and a NOx storage material to a portion of a substrate material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Jong H. Lee, David B. Brown, Michael J. Paratore, Jr., Yongsheng He
  • Patent number: 8906330
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst composition comprising a carrier substrate, a layer (i) coated on said carrier substrate comprising at least one precious group metal, a layer (ii) comprising Rh, and a layer (iii) comprising Pd and/or Pt and being substantially free of Ce, Ba and Rh, wherein the layer (iii) has a lower weight than the layer (i) or the layer (ii). Furthermore, the present invention relates to a method for treating an exhaust gas stream using said catalyst composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Marcus Hilgendorff, Wen Mei Xue, Cesar Tolentino
  • Patent number: 8906823
    Abstract: Sorbents for removal of mercury and other pollutants from gas streams, such as a flue gas stream from coal-fired utility plants, and methods for their manufacture and use are disclosed. Embodiments include brominated sorbent substrate particles having a carbon content of less than about 10%. Other embodiments include one or more oxidatively active halides of a nonoxidative metal dispersed on sorbent substrate particles mixed with activated carbon in an amount up to 30% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Xiaolin David Yang, Pascaline Harrison Tran, Lawrence Shore
  • Patent number: 8901032
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for preparing a lithium activated alumina intercalate solid by contacting a three-dimensional activated alumina with a lithium salt under conditions sufficient to infuse lithium salts into activated alumina for the selective extraction and recovery of lithium from lithium containing solutions, including brines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Simbol Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, C. V. Krishnamohan Sharma, M. Scott Conley
  • Patent number: 8895469
    Abstract: An alumina support comprises alpha-alumina as the main crystal phase of its backbone, and having a specific surface area of no higher than 3.0 m2/g, a pore volume ranging from 0.3 ml/g to 0.8 ml/g, an alkaline earth metal content ranging from 0.05% to 2.0% by weight of the support, wherein the support has such properties that treating the support with an aqueous oxalic acid solution having a concentration ranging from 0.4% to 2.0% by weight and having twice the weight of the support for 30 minutes can produce a leach liquor having an aluminum content of no higher than 60 ?g/mL, a sodium content of no higher than 20 ?g/mL, and a silicon content of no higher than 40 ?g/mL. Processes for preparing the alumina support, silver catalysts comprising the alumina support, and methods of preparing ethylene oxide by ethylene oxidation using the silver catalyst are also disclosed herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignees: China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation, Beijing Research Institute of Chemical Industry, China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Jianshe Chen, Jun Jiang, Shujuan Wang, Zhixiang Zhang, Jinbing Li
  • Patent number: 8889078
    Abstract: A porous oxide catalyst includes porous oxide, and an oxygen vacancy-inducing metal which induces an oxygen vacancy in a lattice structure of a porous metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sang-min Ji, Hyun-chul Lee, Doo-hwan Lee, Seon-ah Jin
  • Patent number: 8889588
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst support for steam carbon dioxide reforming reaction utilizing the advantages of superior thermal conductivity and thermal dispersion of a metal foam support and a large specific surface area of a carrier material, which allows selective control of coating amount and the thickness of a support layer and prevents cracking on the support surface, using both the sol-gel method and the slurry method that have been used for coating of a metal foam support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Dong Ju Moon, Tae Gyu Kim, Dae Il Park
  • Patent number: 8889587
    Abstract: A catalyst system comprising a first catalytic composition comprising a first catalytic material disposed on a metal inorganic support; wherein the metal inorganic support has pores; and at least one promoting metal. The catalyst system further comprises a second catalytic composition comprising, (i) a zeolite, or (ii) a first catalytic material disposed on a first substrate, the first catalytic material comprising an element selected from the group consisting of tungsten, titanium, and vanadium. The catalyst system may further comprise a third catalytic composition. The catalyst system may further comprise a delivery system configured to deliver a reductant and optionally a co-reductant. A catalyst system comprising a first catalytic composition, the second catalytic composition, and the third catalytic composition is also provided. An exhaust system comprising the catalyst systems described herein is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Benjamin Hale Winkler, Dan Hancu, Daniel George Norton, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar
  • Patent number: 8883100
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a particle filter comprising a porous carrier body, an SCR active component and an oxidation catalyst, wherein the SCR active component is present as coating on the exhaust-gas entry surface and the inner surface of the porous carrier body and the oxidation catalyst as coating on the exhaust-gas exit surface of the porous carrier body. According to the invention the oxidation catalyst changes its function depending on operating conditions. In normal operation it serves as NH3 slip catalyst for oxidizing excess NH3 and during filter regeneration it operates according to the 3-way principle for converting NOx and CO. The invention also relates to a method for producing the particle filter, the use of the particle filter for treating exhaust gases from the combustion of fossil, synthetic or biofuels as well as an exhaust-gas cleaning system which contains the particle filter according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sued-Chemie IP GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Martin Paulus, Klaus Wanninger
  • Patent number: 8883118
    Abstract: A process for producing the porous catalyst body for decomposing hydrocarbons, the body containing at least magnesium, aluminum and nickel, and has a pore volume of 0.01 to 0.5 cm3/g, an average pore diameter of not more than 3006 ? and an average crushing strength of not less than 3 kgf. The process includes molding hydrotalcite containing at least magnesium, aluminum and nickel, and calcining the resulting molded product at a temperature of 700 to 1500° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Toda Kogyo Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Takahashi, Naoya Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 8883678
    Abstract: An improved carrier for an ethylene epoxidation catalyst is provided. The carrier includes an alumina component containing a first portion of alumina particles having a mean primary particle size of, or greater than, 2 ?m and up to 6 ?m, and a second portion of alumina particles having a particle size less than 2 ?m. An improved catalyst containing the above-described carrier, as well as an improved process for the epoxidation of ethylene using the catalyst are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignees: Scientific Design Company, Inc., Noritake Co., Limited
    Inventors: Serguei Pak, Andrzej Rokicki, Shuji Kawabata, Takayuki Ohashi
  • Patent number: 8876958
    Abstract: A process for removing mercury from a gas or liquid phase, wherein the gas or liquid phase containing mercury is placed in contact with a composition comprising a precipitated metal sulfide. The precipitated metal sulfide may be made by the process of combining a metal source, sulfide source, and modifier to form the precipitated metal sulfide. The metal source may comprise iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, zirconium, molybdenum, silver, or gold salts. The metal salt may be selected from metal nitrate, metal sulfate, metal phosphate, metal acetate, metal carbonate, metal hydroxide, metal ammonium carbonate, and metal hydroxycarbonate. The sulfide source is selected from hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), salts of sulfide (S2?), salts of hydrosulfide (HS?), and salts of polysulfide (Sn2?). The modifier may be selected from alumina, silica, aluminosilicate, clay, zeolites, carbon, cement, titania, zirconia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Clariant Corporation
    Inventors: Wayne Turbeville, Greg Korynta, Todd Cole, Jeffery L. Braden
  • Patent number: 8877674
    Abstract: Carbon monoxide (CO) is selectively reacted with hydrogen (H2) over a ruthenium (Ru) on alumina catalyst at a temperature of about 210 to about 290° C. To be a viable option for micro catalytic fuel processing devices, highly active, selective, and stable catalysts must be demonstrated with as large a temperature window for feasible operation as possible. We have studied the effects of metal loading, preparation method, pretreatment conditions, and choice of support on the performance of Ru-based catalysts for such applications. Catalyst testing results and catalyst characterization using XRD and BET are discussed. In one example, operating at a gas hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 13,500 hr?1, a 3% Ru/Al2O3 catalyst yielded CO outputs less than 100 ppm in a temperature range from 240° C. to 285° C., while not exceeding a hydrogen consumption of 10%. This catalyst was further successfully demonstrated in a microchannel device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Robert A. Dagle, Yong Wang, Guanguang Xia
  • Patent number: 8876922
    Abstract: A process, adsorbent and apparatus for treating biofuel is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Grace GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Massoud Jalalpoor, Vasilios Zafirakis
  • Patent number: 8871669
    Abstract: A catalyst composition is provided comprising a homogeneous solid mixture having ordered directionally aligned tubular meso-channel pores having an average diameter in a range of about 1 nanometer to about 15 nanometers, wherein the homogeneous solid mixture is prepared from a gel formed in the presence of a solvent, modifier, an inorganic salt precursor of a catalytic metal, an inorganic precursor of a metal inorganic network, and a templating agent. The templating agent comprises an octylphenol ethoxylate having a structure [I]: wherein “n” is an integer having a value of about 8 to 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Larry Neil Lewis, Oltea Puica Siclovan, Dan Hancu, Ashish Balkrishna Mhadeshwar, Ming Yin
  • Patent number: 8871676
    Abstract: Porous composites of mullite and cordierite are formed by firing an acicular mullite body in the presence of a magnesium source and a silicon source. In some variations of the process, the magnesium and silicon sources are present when the acicular mullite body is formed. In other variations, the magnesium source and the silicon source are applied to a previously-formed acicular mullite body. Surprisingly, the composites have coefficients of linear thermal expansion that are intermediate to those of mullite and cordierite alone, and have higher fracture strengths than cordierite at a similar porosity. Some of the cordierite forms at grain boundaries and/or points of intersection between mullite needles, rather than merely coating the needles. The presence of magnesium and silicon sources during acicular mullite formation does not significantly affect the ability to produce a highly porous network of mullite needles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Grohol, Chan Han, Aleksander J. Pyzik
  • Patent number: 8865615
    Abstract: Ammonia oxidation catalyst being superior in heat resistance and capable of suppressing by-production of N2O and leakage of ammonia. The ammonia oxidation catalyst (AMOX) removes surplus ammonia, in selectively reducing nitrogen oxides by adding urea or ammonia and using a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst, into exhaust gas, wherein the ammonia oxidation catalyst is made by coating at least two catalyst layers having a catalyst layer (lower layer) including a catalyst supported a noble metal element on a composite oxide (A) having titania and silica as main components, and a catalyst layer (upper layer) including a composite oxide (C) consisting of tungsten oxide, ceria, and zirconia, at the surface of an integral structure-type substrate, wherein a composition of the composite oxide (C) is tungsten oxide: 1 to 50% by weight, ceria: 1 to 60% by weight, and zirconia: 30 to 90% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: N.E. Chemcat Corporation
    Inventors: Tomoaki Ito, Toshinori Okajima, Makoto Nagata
  • Patent number: 8858904
    Abstract: Described is a catalyzed soot filter wherein the inlet coating of the filter comprises an oxidation catalyst comprising platinum (Pt) and optionally palladium (Pd), wherein the outlet coating of the filter comprises an oxidation catalyst comprising Pd and optionally Pt, wherein the Pt concentration in the outlet coating is lower than the Pt concentration in the inlet coating and wherein the weight ratio of Pt:Pd in the outlet coating is in the range of from 0:1 to 2:1; and wherein the inlet coating and the outlet coating are present on the wall flow substrate at a coating loading ratio in the range of from 0.5 to 1.5, calculated as ratio of the loading of the inlet coating (in g/inch3 (g/(2.54 cm)3)):loading of the outlet coating (in g/inch3 (g/(2.54 cm)3)). Systems include such catalyzed soot filters, methods of diesel engine exhaust gas treatment and methods of manufacturing catalyzed soot filters are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Alfred Helmut Punke, Gerd Grubert, Yuejin Li, Ruediger Wolff, Stanley Roth, Torsten Müller-Stach, Attilio Siani, Kenneth Voss, Torsten Neubauer
  • Patent number: 8859454
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a catalyst, wherein the catalyst has a high activity and selectivity with regard to the oxidation of CO and NO. The invention also relates to the catalyst produced using the method according to the invention, the use of the catalyst as oxidation catalyst as well as a catalyst component which contains the catalyst according to the invention. Finally, the invention is directed towards an exhaust-gas cleaning system which comprises the catalyst component containing the catalyst according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH
    Inventors: Andreas Bentele, Klaus Wanninger, Gerd Maletz, Martin Schneider
  • Patent number: 8853120
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purification catalyst has a substrate, a lower catalyst layer that is formed on the substrate and contains at least one of Pd and Pt, and an upper catalyst layer that is formed on the lower catalyst layer and contains Rh. A region that does not contain the upper catalyst layer is disposed on the exhaust gas upstream side of this exhaust gas purification catalyst. The lower catalyst layer includes a front-stage lower catalyst layer on the exhaust gas upstream side and a rear-stage lower catalyst layer on the exhaust gas downstream side. The front-stage lower catalyst layer contains an oxygen storage material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yuki Aoki, Takeshi Nobukawa
  • Patent number: 8853123
    Abstract: Disclosed is a lean NOx trap (LNT) catalyst with enhanced NOx storage capacity at low temperature. More particularly, an LNT catalyst with enhanced NOx storage capacity at low temperature and significantly inhibited thermal desorption is prepared by coating a washcoat on a honeycomb-type carrier and drying and baking the same. The washcoat contains a first catalyst powder in which barium (Ba) and a precious metal are supported on a ceria support, and a second catalyst powder in which a precious metal is supported on a magnesium (Mg)-substituted alumina support The LNT catalyst of the present invention is useful as a NOx reducing catalyst for a passenger diesel vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
    Inventor: Chang Ho Jung
  • Patent number: 8833064
    Abstract: Catalyst articles comprising substantially only a palladium precious metal component in a first catalytic layer and a rhodium component in a second catalytic layer and related methods of preparation and use are disclosed. Also disclosed is a catalyst article comprising a first layer formed on a carrier substrate, wherein the first layer comprises a refractory metal oxide and has a surface that is substantially uniform; a second layer formed on the first layer, wherein the second layer comprises i) an oxygen storage component that is about 50-90% by weight of the second layer and ii) a palladium component in an amount of about 2-5% by weight of the second layer, wherein the palladium component is substantially the only platinum group metal component, and a palladium-free third layer comprising a rhodium component supported on a thermostable oxygen storage component which is about 80-99% by weight of the second layer. One or more improved properties are exhibited by the catalyst article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Michael P. Galligan, Pascaline H. Tran, Keshavaraja Alive, Ye Liu
  • Patent number: 8834835
    Abstract: A catalytic water gas shift process at temperatures above about 450° C. up to about 900° C. or so wherein the catalyst includes rhenium deposited on a support, preferably without a precious metal, wherein the support is prepared from a high surface area material, such as a mixed metal oxide, particularly a mixture of zirconia and ceria, to which may be added one or more of a high surface area transitional alumina, an alkali or alkaline earth metal dopant and/or an additional dopant selected from Ga, Nd, Pr, W, Ge, Fe, oxides thereof and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignees: Clariant Corporation, L'Air Liquide, Société Anonyme pour l'Etude et l'Exploitation des Procédés Georges Claude
    Inventors: Jon P. Wagner, Michael W. Balakos, Chandra Ratnasamy
  • Patent number: 8828343
    Abstract: Catalyst articles comprising palladium and related methods of preparation and use are disclosed. Disclosed is a catalyst article comprising a first catalytic layer formed on a substrate, wherein the first catalytic layer comprises palladium impregnated on a ceria-free oxygen storage component and platinum impregnated on a refractory metal oxide, and a second catalytic layer formed on the first catalytic layer comprising platinum and rhodium impregnated on a ceria-containing oxygen storage component. The palladium component of the catalyst article is present in a higher proportion relative to the other platinum group metal components. The catalyst articles provide improved conversion of carbon monoxide in exhaust gases, particularly under rich engine operating conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Xinsheng Liu, Ye Liu, Pascaline Harrison Tran, Keshavaraja Alive, Michael P. Galligan