Distinct Horizontal Sustainers Between Columns Patents (Class 52/252)
  • Patent number: 10787811
    Abstract: This invention refers to a structural system for floor and roof construction, based on a parallel arrangement of a set of composite pre-tensioned girders to provide support to a deck formed by layers of any given material. The composite girders are components formed by lengths of bamboo culms, steel components and fillings of mortar or other materials, arranged in such way that a maximum mechanical efficiency is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Inventors: Veronica Maria Correa Giraldo, Esteban Flores Mendez, Joao Gabriel Boto de Matos Caeiro, Mathieu Queiros
  • Patent number: 10329767
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a grid deck with shear-resisting plates and the assembly of the grid decks. The shear-resisting plates are pre-cast in the grid deck and protrude from the side surfaces thereof. When the grid decks with shear-resisting plates are assembled, they are laid on the beams with the shear-resisting plates contacting the beams and without the grid decks contacting the beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: RUENTEX ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION, CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Samuel Yin, Kun-Jung Shu
  • Patent number: 10099901
    Abstract: A main girder of a crane for a crane trolley moving in a horizontal direction along the girder includes a cellular structure in a longitudinal direction thereof that has at least two separate, yet interconnected, longitudinal cellular elements, each cellular element including an outer cover structure and at least one outer cover structure having an inside filled with a core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: KONECRANES GLOBAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Juha Peippo, Niina Aikio
  • Patent number: 9199287
    Abstract: A passive valveless gas vent for a landfill includes a sub-surface gas collection manifold for collecting sub-surface gas from beneath a geomembrane. The collection manifold includes a plenum for receiving sub-surface gas, and the plenum defines an interior volume. A conduit is connected to and extends upwardly from the plenum, with the conduit communicating with the interior volume of the plenum and having an upper discharge end. The conduit is adapted and provided for extending through an aperture in the geomembrane for communicating sub-surface gas from within the interior volume of the plenum through the geomembrane. A hood is positioned adjacent an upper portion of the conduit and defines a discharge chamber therein into which gas from the discharge end of the conduit is discharged. The hood also has a discharge outlet for venting gas from within the discharge chamber to atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Inventors: Delaney Lewis, Jose Urrutia, Michael Ayers
  • Patent number: 8919058
    Abstract: A modular building system for constructing a multi-story building includes pre-fabricated modular units. Each modular unit includes a horizontal slab for forming a floor/ceiling of the building, a joist extending horizontally along a first edge of the slab, the joist extending below the slab and extending horizontally beyond the first edge of the slab to form a receiving lip, columns positioned on top of the slab along the first edge, and connectors installed in cavities formed in the unit. A floor of the multi-story building is formed by arranging the modular units so that the slab of a first modular unit is positioned on the receiving lip of a second modular unit. An additional floor of the multi-story building is formed by arranging the modular units so that the joist portion of an upper modular unit is positioned on the columns of a lower modular unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Inventor: Barnet L. Liberman
  • Patent number: 8898992
    Abstract: A system including a column (12), a first connecting element (30) extending from the column (12), a beam (14), and a second connecting element (70). The beam includes a base wall (42) at least partially defining a cavity (40) and a cutout (48) in the base wall (42) that is configured to receive the column (12) and that is configured with respect to the first connecting element (30). The second connecting element (70) is disposed in the cavity (40), and the first and second connecting elements (30, 70) are configured to connect the beam (14) to the column (12).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Diversakore Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Housh Rahimzadeh, Marc Rahimzadeh
  • Patent number: 8763331
    Abstract: The present invention relates to wall molds for forming concrete columns and beams using a structural insulating core wall comprising of structural support members with spacer blocks or spacer insulation with inner and outer boards between the support members. The spacer blocks interlock vertically and horizontally between spacer blocks and/or the spacer insulation with its inner and outer boards, between the support channels and connectors, between the trough, horizontal tongue and the horizontal bracing channel all interlocking between each other and the column and beam molds into which concrete is poured into the molds when erected vertically. The beam and column molds use various types of connectors, the structural insulating core, the structural support members within the wall extending above the structural insulating core and the inner and outer boards.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Inventor: Dennis LeBlang
  • Patent number: 8756889
    Abstract: A building panel using spacer blocks that fit between channels wherein the spacer blocks interlock and slid together between the support channels. The spacer blocks interlock horizontally and vertically using a means of forming a tongue and groove connection between the spacer blocks and between the framing members. Various interlocking tongue and groove connections form different wall structures and horizontal bracing channels along with the horizontal tongue and trough add flexibility. Metal channels and wood are used as framing members and the structural insulating core assembly can form structural insulated panels (SIP's). A coupling is used to connect vertical framing members and brackets are shown connecting spacer blocks than full height framing members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Inventor: Dennis LeBlang
  • Patent number: 8671637
    Abstract: A concrete wall mold formed with a structural insulating core of horizontally and vertically integrated spacer blocks with tongue and groove connections between framing members having connectors attached to the framing members and embedded into the concrete surface. The spacer blocks having additional support molds to reinforce the concrete surface by means of adding rib, column, beam molds or drainage channels and recess grooves. The concrete surface may be located above or below the concrete wall mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Inventor: Dennis William LeBlang
  • Patent number: 8671634
    Abstract: A precast concrete floor system that eliminates the need for column corbels and beam ledges while being very shallow. The main advantages of the present system include a span-to-depth ratio of 30, a flat soffit, economy, consistency with prevailing erection techniques, and fire and corrosion protection. The present system consists of continuous precast columns, prestressed rectangular beams, hollow-core planks, and cast-in-place composite topping. Testing results have indicated that a 12 inch deep flat soffit precast floor system has adequate capacity to carry gravity loads (including 100 psf live load) in a 30 ft×30 ft bay size. Testing has also shown that shear capacity of the ledge-less hollow-core-beam connections can be accurately predicted using the shear friction theory.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska
    Inventors: George Morcous, Maher Tadros
  • Patent number: 8590239
    Abstract: The invention relates to a construction made of individual components which consist at least partially of wood-concrete composite elements (100) composed by at least one wood component (110) with a wood cross section and a concrete component (101) with a concrete cross section. The wood-concrete composite elements are at least partially prefabricated and then brought together at the factory or later at the construction site. The individual components are connected and/or assembled with the other components by a non-positive and/or positive and/or material connection, partially by transmitting force only via the wood cross section or partially only by transmitting force via the concrete cross section or partially by the wood cross section and the concrete cross section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Inventor: Tobias Bathon
  • Patent number: 8578537
    Abstract: A structural concrete beam, and method therefor, comprising a prefabricated structural concrete portion and a poured-in-place structural concrete portion, wherein said poured-in-place portion comprises at least ten percent of the total weight of said structural concrete beam. Reinforcing extends from the prefabricated portion to the poured-in-place portion. In a preferred embodiment, the structural concrete beam is an “inverted-T” beam, and the prefabricated structural concrete portion comprises the lower corbel portion of the beam, and the poured-in-place structural concrete portion comprises the remaining upper stem portion of the beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Inventor: Matthew Ley
  • Patent number: 8468775
    Abstract: A moment resistant building column insert system is provided that enables the erection of beams to columns, and the installation and pretension of connection bolts possible in a single stop to each beam-column joint in the field. Included is a building column insert with pre-hardened structural filler inside, and a pattern of through-holes transverse to the insert length, where the insert has threaded elements disposed inside and concentric to erection holes in the pattern. The insert is disposed inside a building column. Erection bolts installed to the erection holes to hold the beam in place against the column with the holes in the beam mounting plate, the column and insert aligned. Connection through-bolts are installed and pretensioned to provide the connection strength needed to make a beam-column moment joint rigid. Without the pre-hardened structural filler in the insert the column would deform or crush due to the bolt pretensioning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Inventor: Willaim B. Vaughn
  • Patent number: 8434279
    Abstract: A steel composite beam is manufactured by T-shaped steel, inverse T-shaped steels installed at opposite ends of the T-shaped steel, and vertical stiffeners installed on the inverse T-shaped steels. A method for manufacturing a composite beam using T-shaped steel and a method of constructing a structure using the same are capable of using less steel and minimizing dead weight of the composite beam compared to a steel composite beam having the same cross section and depth, and designing a cross section of the composite beam in an efficient and economical manner due to the pre-stress caused by tendons, providing easy connection with column members on the basis of length, providing efficient construction, easy management, and convenient construction for ceilings and finishing equipment due to light dead weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Neo Cross Structure Engineering Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jeom Han Kim, Young Sang Cho, Eun Ho Jeong, Kyoung Hun Lee
  • Patent number: 8429877
    Abstract: A method is provided for reinforcing concreted plates in the region of support elements with reinforcement elements, which are each composed of a longitudinally stable, bendable, strap-like base body with two loops. A bore is made in the concreted plate for each reinforcement element. The end region of the bore remote from the pressure-side surface of the concreted plate is drilled out and the one loop of the reinforcement element is pressed together and is led through the bore until this loop has reached the drilled-out hole and expands. The bore is filled with a mortar-type mass. The other loop of the reinforcement element is fixed with an anchor head, which supports itself on the pressure-side surface of the concreted plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: F.J. Aschwanden AG
    Inventor: Thomas Keller
  • Publication number: 20130074430
    Abstract: A precast concrete floor system that eliminates the need for column corbels and beam ledges while being very shallow. The main advantages of the present system include a span-to-depth ratio of 30, a flat soffit, economy, consistency with prevailing erection techniques, and fire and corrosion protection. The present system consists of continuous precast columns, prestressed rectangular beams, hollow-core planks, and cast-in-place composite topping. Testing results have indicated that a 12 inch deep flat soffit precast floor system has adequate capacity to carry gravity loads (including 100 psf live load) in a 30 ft×30 ft bay size. Testing has also shown that shear capacity of the ledge-less hollow-core-beam connections can be accurately predicted using the shear friction theory.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: George Morcous, Maher Tadros
  • Patent number: 8341902
    Abstract: Multi-story buildings assembled from pre-cast concrete components produced in a component factory to form earthquake-resistant buildings with lower cost and faster construction time. The multi-story building structure comprising a plurality of piles and pile caps; prefabricated concrete column components; prefabricated concrete beam components; prefabricated concrete floor components; prefabricated concrete stairs components and prefabricated concrete wall components. Each pile cap unites at least two piles to one column; each column component has a groove on each side of the column component for placement of the corresponding sides of prefabricated wall components; and each beam component comprises grooves on the bottom and top sides of the beam for placement of wall components; and openings are located in the body of the beam. Floor components, stairs components, and wall components are made of concrete that are pre-cast with a predetermined shape, size and strength as described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Inventor: Trisna Widjaja Kusuma
  • Patent number: 8291676
    Abstract: A mold-concrete composite crossbeam includes a H-steel composed of upper and lower flanges and a web connecting them; a concrete member formed in a length direction of the H-steel to expose the upper flange out but bury the lower flange and the web partially; deck plate supports installed to both upper side edges of the concrete member to support a deck plate placed thereon; a reinforcing steel bar installed around the H-steel; a mold including a bottom detachably coupled to a lower end surface of the concrete member, and sidewalls formed in parallel to both sides of the bottom and detachably coupled to both end sides of the concrete member; a lateral reinforcing member coupled across both sidewalls; a side reinforcing member installed to an outer side of the sidewalls in a length direction; and bottom reinforcing members installed across a lower surface of the bottom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: KH Housing Solutions Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Won-Kee Hong, Ki-Soo Hwang
  • Patent number: 8176696
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an improved wall system where a wall form mold has a structural insulated core assembled to form a structural insulated panel (SIP) to form a concrete beam and concrete column to be poured anywhere within the wall as well as between building modules when placed together and erected vertically. The interlocking wall molds interlock within the wall as well as between panels and modules. The wall panels allow concrete columns and beams to be formed in any size and shape. The structural insulated core consists of interlocking foam spacers and support channels which can be glued or screwed together to form an independent wall or as part of a precast wall with columns and beams integrated within the wall panels. Insulated flanges within the wall forming mold separates the wall forming structure from the wall surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Inventor: Dennis William LeBlang
  • Patent number: 8161699
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a structural insulating foam core wall that is versatile to be used as an independent framed wall, combination of an independent wall and Insulated Concrete Form (ICF) wall, in conjunction as part of a precast wall or as part of forming system to form a concrete beams and column structure, and modular units with concrete beams and columns. The structural insulating core wall, can also be used as individual foam spacer blocks, with or without brackets and horizontal bracing channels. Various types of flanges extensions are added to form different support channel flanges. The interlocking foam spacers and support channels which can be glued or screwed together to form structural insulating panels (SIPS), independent walls or as part of a precast wall with columns and beams integrated within the wall panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Inventor: Dennis William LeBlang
  • Patent number: 8161691
    Abstract: A precast composite flooring system utilizes girders and floor panels having steel lower structures placed in tension and concrete upper structures places in compression. Openings through a stem wall allow ducts, pipes, and conduits to be run therethrough. The system provides reduced weight over conventional precast or pour in place systems, allowing further reduction in the weight and size of other building components. The floor deck does not use tensioning strands, allowing openings to be formed at nearly any stage of construction and with reduced concern over cutting steel reinforcement. The floor panels and girders bolt together and bolt to a steel column frame, allowing for more efficient assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Plattforms, Inc.
    Inventors: David H. Platt, John E. Charchenko, Daryl G. Hodgson, Russell J. Platt
  • Patent number: 8087207
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a predetermined size, shape, and thickness with a bolt hole adapted to receive a bolt therein and a method of attaching the apparatus to a ledger board sufficient to prevent rotation of the apparatus with respect to either the ledger board or the bolt hole. Modifications include securing the apparatus to the ledger board by the use of screws passing through a plurality of mounting holes provided in the apparatus or by the use of pointed protrusions that extend from the apparatus and which are pounded into the ledger board. Other modifications are described that include the use of intermediate shim spacers to vary the overall thickness of the spacer and of angled spacers for use with beveled types of siding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Inventor: Joseph James Ghiringhelli
  • Patent number: 8074414
    Abstract: A precast wall system and a method for constructing a high-rise building using the precast wall system is disclosed. The system includes a plurality of interconnected precast panels. Each precast panel has a top end plate, a bottom end plate, a plurality of vertical bars disposed between and attached to the end plates and a cementitious material encasing the vertical bars and defining a plurality of sides of the respective panel. A first group of the interconnected precast panels are arranged vertically on a second group of the interconnected precast panels and the top end plate of each panel corresponding the first group is connected to the bottom end plate of a respective one of the panels corresponding to the second group. Methods for horizontally and vertically connecting the precast panels to each other are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignees: Skidmore Owings & Merrill LLP, Newco Ventures LLC
    Inventors: Juan Carrion, William F. Baker, John A. Cavanagh, Robert C. Stewart, James E. MacDonald, Charles Besjak
  • Patent number: 8011147
    Abstract: A building system uses modular precast concrete components that include a series of columns with wide, integral capitals. Wide beam slabs are suspended between adjacent column capitals by hangers. Joist slabs (e.g., rib slabs or other substantially planar components) can then be suspended between the beam slabs and column capitals to provide a floor surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Inventor: John W. Hanlan
  • Patent number: 7975439
    Abstract: A storage building for the storage of corrosive materials. The storage building comprises a floor, a plurality of columns extending from the floor, a plurality of crossbeams with each beam connecting at least two of the columns, a plurality of substantially vertically oriented supports extending from the crossbeams, a plurality of rafters attached to the supports and at least one roof panel spanning between two of the rafters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Inventor: Herman E. Cude
  • Patent number: 7765764
    Abstract: A device for connecting beams and pillars or similar structural elements, particularly for prefabricated concrete structural elements, comprising a bracket, which forms, when installed, by means of its upper face, a support for the beam, and a first connection for connecting to the pillar the end of the bracket that is designed to be directed toward the pillar, the device further comprising a second connection for connecting a region of the bracket, spaced from the end directed toward the pillar, to a region of the pillar located above the bracket and arranged on the side of the pillar that lies opposite with respect to the side that bears the bracket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Inventors: Sergio Zambelli, Benito Zambelli
  • Patent number: 7665259
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a built-up type box-shaped steel column for filling concrete therein, that can be formed easily and economically in a built-up scheme by using ?-beams and steel plates, and a method for manufacturing the same that includes bonding a steel plate at the inner surface of a ?-shapes during a process of making a built-up type box-shaped steel column, thereby having a good resistance against a lateral pressure of concrete filled in the steel column and preventing the bonded portion from being exposed to the outside to provide a better outer appearance. The built-up type box-shaped steel column for filling concrete therein, includes: a ?-shapes disposed at each of the four corners of a box-shaped steel column to be formed; and a steel plate disposed between the ?-shapes adjacent to each other for connecting the ?-shapes with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2010
    Assignees: Korea National Housing Corporation, SH Corporation, Myong HWA Engineering Co., Ltd., Sen Structural Engineers Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Young-Ho Yoon, Sang-Yeon Kim, Su-Jin Lee, Hyung-Geun Kim, Chang-Shin Lee, Soon-Woo Nam, Seok-Tae Kang, Chang-Nam Lee, Sung-Bae Kim
  • Publication number: 20100024332
    Abstract: A pre-formed structural concrete element for use in the formation of a composite concrete floor of a building or the like, the element comprising: a generally planar base portion having opposing faces; a series of generally parallel spaced apart formations extending from one said faces of the base portion each defining along with an adjacent formation a void space therebetween and wherein the formations terminate in a plateau and have at least a narrow portion and a wide portion between the plateau and the one said faces of the base portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2007
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventor: Trevor Valaire
  • Patent number: 7647742
    Abstract: A method for constructing a high rise building having a core and a residence space around the core, the method including (a) installing a steel-frame pillar on a shaft portion of the core; (b) connecting a girder to the steel-frame pillar, the girder includes an anchor-connecting member to which a steel-frame beam is connected, a portion of the anchor-connecting member being buried in a core wall; (a) assembling the steel-frame beam on the anchor-connecting member; (d) arranging reinforcing bars in a deck plate or a slab type mold installed on the steel-frame beam, and in the core wall; and (e) applying a slab concrete and a core concrete simultaneously or in this order. The quality of the core and slab structure is improved, while providing the construction safety and saving the construction costs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Inventor: Bong Kil Han
  • Patent number: 7571577
    Abstract: A blast protective barrier system, termed a blast wall, providing a security perimeter or boundary at and above a ground level definable in terms of an x, y, z coordinate system, includes several substantially ground level (xy plane) pile caps, each itself having a y-axis elongate length, a x-axis width, and a z-axis depth, the x-axis substantially defining the width of the barrier system. Each pile cap also includes an upper and lower xy plane surface, each of the upper surfaces including y-axis channels and each of the lower surfaces including several recesses. The system also includes a first, second and further modules having a plurality of opposing pairs of yz plane, the y-axis elongate concrete panels including opposing integral xz end cap elements having a high shock-absorptive structure for isolating each module from the effect of a blast upon an adjacent module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Inventor: Lakdas Nanayakkara
  • Publication number: 20090188185
    Abstract: Systems are provided for use in balcony structures. The system includes a joist comprising an upper chord and a lower chord separated by a web. One end of the joist is supported by a supporting member and a cantilevered balcony extends generally perpendicularly from the supporting member. The cantilevered balcony comprises a cementitious balcony slab extending from a cementitious floor slab. The cementitious floor slab includes a backspan region extending from the top of the supporting member opposite the cementitious balcony slab. A portion of the joist in the backspan region comprises a decking supporting member coupled to the web between the upper chord and the lower chord. The joist in the backspan region supports decking using the decking supporting member; however, the joist beyond the backspan region supports decking above the upper chord. In this way, the cementitious floor slab in the backspan region is thicker than the cementitious floor slab beyond the backspan region.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Publication date: July 30, 2009
    Applicant: Nucor Corporation
    Inventors: Glenn Wayne Studebaker, David Lee Samuelson, Lionel Edward Dayton
  • Publication number: 20090178356
    Abstract: A column cage may comprise a plurality of column grids. The column grids may be formed with a plurality of longitudinal rebars. Also, the column grid may have a plurality of transverse rebars attached atop the plurality of longitudinal rebars. The transverse rebars may be attached to the longitudinal rebars. Four vertically extending rebars may be charged through the plurality of column grids at the four corners of column grids. The column grid may be held firmly to the vertically extending charged rebars with wire ties. Additionally, adjacent column cages may be connected to each other with a swedged on coupler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2008
    Publication date: July 16, 2009
    Inventor: Hanns U. Baumann
  • Publication number: 20090107065
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an improved wall system where a wall form mold has a structural insulated core assembled to form a structural insulated panel (SIP) to form a concrete beam and concrete column to be poured anywhere within the wall as well as between building modules when placed together and erected vertically. The interlocking wall molds interlock within the wall as well as between panels and modules. The wall panels allow concrete columns and beams to be formed in any size and shape. The structural insulated core consists of interlocking foam spacers and support channels which can be glued or screwed together to form an independent wall or as part of a precast wall with columns and beams integrated within the wall panels. Insulated flanges within the wall forming mold separates the wall forming structure from the wall surfaces.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2008
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Inventor: Dennis William LeBlang
  • Patent number: 7421827
    Abstract: The present invention refers to stirrups and ties for structural members. Such stirrups and ties are used in all the structural members like columns, beams, slabs, footings, piles, chainages, lintels etc. The invention refers also to a method of reinforcement of structural members and to the structural members themselves. According to the invention the stirrup or tie consists of a load-bearing element for the fixing of the longitudinal rebars and for the undertaking of the tensile forces which develop during the loading of the structural members. The load bearing element consists of at least one cell of closed shape so that the flow of the tensile stresses developed in the cross section is closed and the stresses are not diffused to the concrete. The load bearing element of the stirrup or tie in accordance to the invention has a continuous cross section and thus there are no free ends as in the known stirrups. In this way anchoring of the stirrups or ties is completely avoided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Inventor: Apostolos Konstantinidis
  • Publication number: 20080115452
    Abstract: A prefabricated reinforced brick panel has a plurality of bricks arranged in a spaced-apart array with mortar between the bricks. The array comprises a number of superimposed rows of bricks. The bricks in each row are staggered relative to the bricks in each adjacent row of bricks. Each brick has a number of vertical through holes extending between a top and a bottom of the brick. These through holes are aligned in the array and vertical reinforcing bars are inserted into aligned holes and extend between a top and a bottom of the panel. Two offset vertical reinforcing bars pass through each brick. Transverse reinforcing bars are mounted in the mortar between rows of bricks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 2, 2007
    Publication date: May 22, 2008
    Inventor: Edward Nolan
  • Patent number: 7200973
    Abstract: A structural reinforcing layer made from wire, a structural reinforcing composite layer made from wire, and the resulting load bearing structures made from or retrofitted with wire reinforced plastics and cements. Said layers and structures made from monofilament metallic or pre-cured composite materials twisted into multi-strand wire geometry optimized to mechanically shear load into rigid thermoplastic, thermoset, metallic or cementious resin systems. Wire geometry, count, size and strength/stiffness can be varied in combination with resin type, sheet structure, permeability and orientation to create layers intended for use in composite and cement based structures as originally molded reinforcement or retrofitted structural upgrades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2007
    Inventor: George Tunis
  • Patent number: 7147197
    Abstract: A system of building concrete homes and apartment buildings. The system creates a structure that is well insulated and that is very practical and economical to build. The system uses standard components such as wall ties, concrete forms, rigid foam insulation, and concrete, all of which are readily available in the market today. The system creates a building that is insulated and thermally broken at its structural connections such that use in temperate and colder climates is possible. Presently concrete construction finds only limited use for the construction of single family and multi-family housing. The system is economical to construct when compared to wood frame housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Inventor: Michael E. Dalton
  • Patent number: 7143555
    Abstract: In one implementation of the present invention, corrugated metal deck panels are attached to concrete structural beams to form a precast panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2006
    Inventor: Philip Glen Miller
  • Patent number: 7073305
    Abstract: This invention provides a construction method having at least one compression ring and its bracing and reinforcing tension plane installed at a targeted floor level, where the compression ring and the tension plane form a structural bracing system to protect a new building or a existing building from an external horizontal impact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2006
    Inventor: Charles K. Fong
  • Patent number: 6920728
    Abstract: Site cast or pre-cast columns aligned and braced by pre-cast pre-stressed floor beams are used to erect a concrete skeleton structure for a building. The ends of the horizontal beams are imbedded in the columns at floor levels to stabilize and complete the skeleton. The horizontal beams are pre-stressed and are cast with passages that permit insertion of continuous reinforcing tendons into a network throughout each floor level. The tendons are subsequently post-tensioned so to tie the beams together and to the columns to reinforce the skeleton. Slab drop-forms starting at the roof and progressing floor-by-floor downward allow monolithic post-tensioned floor slabs to be cast to tie the skeleton into a unitary structure. The beams are usually integrated (buried) into each monolithic floor slab, keyed, doweled and bonded with bonding agent at cold joints to become a part of the slab structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Inventor: James M. Powers
  • Patent number: 6807790
    Abstract: The present invention allows the planner of a multi-storey building project to remove concrete from the critical path of the structure and envelope completion. The system of the present invention accommodates various floor depths, conforms to alternative stud depths and, acts as a compression/tension member for a building during and after construction. The invention relies upon the use of cold-formed metal that is shaped to provide a ring beam which will accommodate the various criteria. A basic shape configuration has been generated to provide the most efficient utilization of materials. Simplifying installation for the many variable conditions that occur in buildings is therefore provided by this modular design, wherein designers and contractors can easily select and use specialized components to meet all design and construction requirements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2004
    Assignee: Canam-Manac Group
    Inventors: Mike Strickland, George Hage-Chahine, Sam Blatchford, Gord McIntyre, Mike Gallant
  • Publication number: 20040177574
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method of connecting precast components to each other. More precisely it is a coupling system for joining structural concrete components for use in the construction industry. This invention is a coupling of and for precast concrete components, the precast concrete members rely on being cast with a precisely formed monolithic “maile or femaile” (inverse coupling) shape that slips together easily with the mating component. When these components are joined they create an interlocking assembly (connection zone). In the connection zone, concrete grout is placed before the components are joined, as they are connected gravity and the components weight seat the coupling in compression. When the grout cures a permanent structural, monolithic coupling is formed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 10, 2003
    Publication date: September 16, 2004
    Inventor: David Martin Wallin
  • Patent number: 6647678
    Abstract: A device for connecting a beam to pillars, or similar load-bearing structural elements, for constructing buildings, particularly multi-story buildings, by way of prefabricated concrete components. The device comprises a first connection for connecting the two end regions of the beam to the pillars and a second connection for connecting two intermediate regions of the longitudinal extension of the beam to the pillars. The first connection is constituted by connection elements of the interlocking type and the second connection comprises at least two rigid inclined ties, each of which connects an intermediate region of the beam to a region of the respective pillar which lies at a higher level than the region where the tie is coupled to the beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2003
    Inventors: Sergio Zambelli, Benito Zambelli
  • Patent number: 6625943
    Abstract: An assembly and method for constructing a building having an interior with a loft style or appearance. The assembly and method of present invention discloses a form assembly that is used to form successive levels on the interior of a building that have a loft style or appearance. The form assembly is constructed of a number of pieces of rigid material which may have a roughened or weathered exterior surface that is exposed when the assembly is constructed. The form assembly is then filled with a cast-in-place concrete which sets and provides support for the interior of the building while also creating an interior which has the loft style appearance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Inventor: Peter S. Renner
  • Patent number: 6570950
    Abstract: A nuclear steam supply containment system employing prefabricated component supports that are surrounded by steel concrete forms and anchored to the floor liner of a nuclear containment. The prefabricated component supports extend through the concrete forms and a reinforce concrete slab cap to a support elevation for the component. A second inner steel concrete form can be employed to form an annular concrete channel through which the supports extend. The center of the inner form can be filled with a sand-like substance, radiation absorber material or concrete grout.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Company LLC
    Inventor: Donn Moore Matteson
  • Patent number: 6449914
    Abstract: Resilient and flexible grout seal strips for sealing off a space formed between the bottom of a concrete panel and a support beam on which the panels are supported, concrete panels, decks, and support beams having resilient and flexible grout seals and methods for fabricating such panels, beams and decks are disclosed. The grout seal strips have a first longitudinal edge adapted to be anchored on either the bottom of a precast panel or the top of a support beam adjacent the respective side edge thereof and extend substantially the length thereof, and have an opposed second longitudinal edge with a wide sealing portion therebetween adapted to engage the other of the panel bottom or the beam top adjacent the respective side edge thereof and form a sealing relation therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Inventors: Eugene A. Horstketter, Ken Bernard, Nat Smith
  • Publication number: 20020069598
    Abstract: The structural framing system comprises a steel beam that supports flooring components interconnected through the addition of a solidifying material such as poured concrete. A structural framing system is created by anchoring steel beams to vertical columns, spanning floor sections between the steel beams, pouring concrete into the interior of the beams and contacting the flooring components, and then forming a rigid joint between the steel beam, floor sections and columns through the addition of a bonding layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Publication date: June 13, 2002
    Inventor: Housh Rahimzadeh
  • Patent number: 6357191
    Abstract: A ribbed metal plate for a composite slab that includes a substantially planar plate having an upper surface and a lower surface and a plurality of laterally-spaced, longitudinally-extending ribs that have a keystone profile and wherein the sidewalls are angled toward each other. Ends of the ribs are integrally formed. The rib plate is secured to bearing walls in a structure and concrete is poured on the ribs to form a composite deck. The ends of the ribs extend in the lateral direction to form a composite structure retarding movement of cured concrete in a longitudinal direction. The ribbed plate can also be used in composite beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Epic Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Robert L. Ault, Thomas G. Ryan, David F. Landis
  • Patent number: 6345473
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for positioning mild steel reinforcing bars within a precast, moment resisting frame of a building. The apparatus includes a hand-receiving access component that can be installed within the concrete beams that make up the building frame so as to permit convenient access to the reinforcing bars that are slidably carried within bar receiving passageways formed within the concrete beams. Additionally, the apparatus includes a bladder-receiving component that can be installed within the concrete beams that make up the building frame in a manner to permit an expandable bladder to be conveniently positioned within the cable receiving passageways formed in the beam. When in position within a cable-receiving passageway, the expandable bladder spans the interface between the beam and the column and effectively prevents grout from entering the cable passageway during the grouting step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2002
    Assignee: Charles Pankow Builders, Ltd.
    Inventors: Albert W. Fink, Frank E. Woodman, Bill J. Hughes, Brian J. Liske
  • Patent number: 6298630
    Abstract: A wall plate for attaching a horizontal or sloping beam to a vertical or nearly vertical masonry wall is disclosed. The wall plate comprises a flat plate having a multiplicity of nail holes and at least two bolt holes therethrough, at least one anchor extending from a first side of the flat plate and fixed to it, and means for threadedly attaching at least two bolts to the flat plate from its other side. A method of attaching a horizontal or sloping beam to a vertical or nearly vertical masonry wall using the wall plate is also disclosed. A vertical nailable form is erected and the wall plate is nailed to the inside of the form. Concrete is poured into the form to a height above the anchors of the wall plate. After the concrete has hardened, the forms are removed. Two angle connectors are bolted to the wall plate and a horizontal or sloping beam is bolted to the two angle connectors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Inventors: Russell L. VeRost, Martin A. VeRost, Sr.