Treating Polymer Derived From A Monomer Containing Only Carbon, Hydrogen, And Halogen Or Only Carbon And Halogen; Or Treating A Polymer Which Has Been Derived From At Least One Hydrocarbon And Which Has Been Subsequently Halogenated Patents (Class 521/46)
  • Patent number: 9012525
    Abstract: In a tire constituted with a thermoplastic material and a material different from the thermoplastic material, the thermoplastic material and the material different from the thermoplastic material are easily and efficiently separated. While a tire 10 formed of a thermoplastic material is being turned, heated air is ejected from a nozzle 46 of a heating apparatus 44, and the surface of a crown portion 16 is melted. An end portion of a cord 26 embedded in a helical arrangement, which is formed of a material different from the thermoplastic material, is extracted from the melted region, and is sequentially wound onto a reel 58.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihide Kouno, Seiji Kon, Keiichi Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 9000058
    Abstract: A process for devulcanizing fluoroelastomers having a fluorine content between 62% and 74% by weight vulcanized by ionic systems, preferably selected from bisphenol A and bisphenol AF, i.e. 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, the process including a step of heating the vulcanized fluoroelastomers in the presence of a hydrolysis composition having one or more chemical selected from water, water soluble alcohols, water soluble glycols and mixtures thereof, at a temperature from 350° C. to 430° C. Fluoroelastomers obtainable by this process and their use for the preparation of compounds and vulcanized compositions are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Dott. Viola & Partners Chemical Research S.R.L.
    Inventors: Alessandro Cervellati, Gian Tommaso Viola
  • Patent number: 8993644
    Abstract: Methods of reclaiming plastic from plastic medical waste containers containing medical waste and manufacturing recycled medical devices are described. Recycled medical devices made from plastic medical waste containers containing medical waste are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Becton, Dickinson and Company
    Inventor: Richard Ji
  • Patent number: 8980963
    Abstract: The invention relates to an article that has been obtained by the melt-process recycling of one or more multi-layer articles, where the multi-layer articles are composed of at least one melt-processible polyvinylidene fluoride layer. The composition of the invention is a compatible blend of the different layers from the multi-layer articles. The other layers of the multi-layer articles are also melt-processible, and include one or more layers chosen from: a) a melt-processible fluoropolymer of a different composition, b) a non-fluoropolymer, and c) a barrier layer. The composition is useful for forming an article in a melt-process operation. The composition may be used by itself, may be blended with other virgin or recycled materials, or may be used at low levels with melt-processible polymers as a process aid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Saeid Zerafati, Sean M. Stabler, William J. Hartzel
  • Publication number: 20140378562
    Abstract: A process for devulcanizing fluoroelastomers having a fluorine content between 62% and 74% by weight vulcanized by ionic systems, preferably selected from bisphenol A and bisphenol AF, i.e. 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hexafluoropropane, the process including a step of heating the vulcanized fluoroelastomers in the presence of a hydrolysis composition having one or more chemical selected from water, water soluble alcohols, water soluble glycols and mixtures thereof, at a temperature from 350° C. to 430° C. Fluoroelastomers obtainable by this process and their use for the preparation of compounds and vulcanized compositions are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: DOTT. VIOLA & PARTNERS CHEMICAL RESEARCH S.R.L.
    Inventors: Alessandro Cervellati, Gian Tommaso Viola
  • Patent number: 8865781
    Abstract: A method of processing waste carpet or matting material to separate constituent materials thereof, includes optionally drying the material and then cooling the material to a temperature at which at least one constituent material therein is embrittled. A mechanical force is applied to the cooled material causing the embrittled constituent material to break into fragments. Optionally, the material from the previous step is dried. The material is then separated to separate the fragments of constituent material from other constituent material. The carpet material can be initially shredded into coarse pieces. The procedure may be repeated optionally with different temperatures to selectively embrittle and fragment different components and facilitate their separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignees: Haydale Limited, Desso Group BV
    Inventor: Ian Walters
  • Patent number: 8716357
    Abstract: A hydrophilic polymeric ionomer obtainable by reacting, in a solvent, components comprising a polymer and an ionic component selected from a strong acid or a strong base. The present invention also comprises methods of forming such membranes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: ITM Power (Research) Ltd
    Inventor: Shaun Wright
  • Patent number: 8669297
    Abstract: Backings for carpet and carpet tiles are formed from various post-consumer and/or post-industrial polymeric waste materials, for example, post-consumer textile waste material (e.g., carpet and carpet tiles), post-industrial textile waste material (e.g., carpet and/or carpet tiles), and/or other post-consumer and/or post-industrial polymeric materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Tandus Flooring, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul D. Evans, Jr., Gabe Moore
  • Patent number: 8653150
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for decomposing, in the presence of subcritical water, a thermosetting resin comprising a polyester moiety and a crosslinking moiety therewith to provide a compound comprising an acid residue derived from the polyester moiety and a residue derived from the crosslinking moiety, and collecting the compound in an efficient yield, specifically, which comprises steps of: (I) decomposing the thermosetting resin in the presence of subcritical water to provide a solid comprising a compound comprising an acid residue derived from the polyester moiety and a residue derived from the crosslinking moiety, (II) subjecting the solid to an organic solvent to dissolve the compound into the organic solvent, wherein the organic solvent has a higher solubility which can dissolve the compound than that of water, and (III) collecting, separating or isolating the compound from the organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Panasonic Corporation, International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer
    Inventors: Takumi Izumitani, Takaharu Nakagawa, Masaru Hidaka, Keishi Shibata, Junko Matsui
  • Patent number: 8614259
    Abstract: A process for making a solid component out of recycled powder coat is provided. The process can include providing a powder coat material and providing a second material. Thereafter, the powder coat and the second material are mixed to produce a powder coat-second material mixture. The powder coal-second material mixture is processed in order to produce a polymer containing precursor. The processing can include granulating or densifying the powder coat-second material mixture. After the precursor has been produced, it can be placed within a molding machine and a solid component is molded. The molding machine can be an injection molding machine, an extrusion molding machine or a blow molding machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: PFR Patent Holding Company, LLC
    Inventors: Dan Chrzanowski, Brandon Chrzanowski
  • Patent number: 8557882
    Abstract: A method for preparing contaminated plastics ground into flakes, such as RPET or such polymers, having at least decontamination and SSP treatment steps, with at least one reactor, with heating to the process temperature taking place essentially outside the reactor. Also, a device for carrying out the method, and having at least one decontamination reactor and at least one SSP reactor, a device for heating plastic flakes to the process temperature being arranged upstream of the decontamination reactor. Also an SSP reactor having at least two individual reactors, and preferably between 3 and 7 individual reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Krones AG
    Inventors: Thomas Friedlaender, Thomas Rieckmann, Frank Marx
  • Publication number: 20130266723
    Abstract: A composition for solubilizing a fluoropolymer is described. Further described, is how the fluoropolymer composition is obtained, as well as the process for its preparation and its use as a coating applicant. The composition can include a solubilized fluoropolymer and a solvent blend of a diester and dimethylsulfoxyde.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: RHODIA (CHINA) CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shujing Cheng, Ann Mu, Sophie Deroo, Patrick Lasnet De Lanty
  • Patent number: 8466205
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to carpet and methods of making and recycling carpet. In one aspect, the carpet includes: a primary backing which has a face and a back surface; a plurality of fibers attached to the primary backing and extending from the face of the primary backing and exposed at the back surface of the primary backing; an adhesive composition backing; and an optional secondary backing adjacent to the adhesive backing. The method of making carpet includes extrusion coating the adhesive composition onto the back surface of a primary backing to form the adhesive composition backing. The method of recycling carpet can recover one or more polymeric carpet components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Columbia Insurance Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey Wright, Kellie Ballew
  • Publication number: 20130150467
    Abstract: In a tire constituted with a thermoplastic material and a material different from the thermoplastic material, the thermoplastic material and the material different from the thermoplastic material are easily and efficiently separated. While a tire 10 formed of a thermoplastic material is being turned, heated air is ejected from a nozzle 46 of a heating apparatus 44, and the surface of a crown portion 16 is melted. An end portion of a cord 26 embedded in a helical arrangement, which is formed of a material different from the thermoplastic material, is extracted from the melted region, and is sequentially wound onto a reel 58.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshihide Kouno, Seiji Kon, Keiichi Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8420702
    Abstract: Process for recycling a fiber reinforced polymer article, according to which the article, eventually cut in fragments, is dissolved in a solvent capable of dissolving the polymer but not the fibers and which is susceptible of forming an azeotrope with water, forming a solution; the fibers are recovered from the solution; the fibers are washed with solvent by putting them in the form of a slurry in the solvent and by agitating the slurry and/or by making the solvent circulate through it; the washed fibers are recovered from the slurry; and the recovered fibers are submitted to a stripping with steam in order to substantially remove the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Jacques Van Weynbergh, Stephane Noel
  • Patent number: 8394866
    Abstract: A method for preparing contaminated plastics ground into flakes, such as RPET or such polymers, having at least decontamination and SSP treatment steps, with at least one reactor, with heating to the process temperature taking place essentially outside the reactor. Also, a device for carrying out the method, and having at least one decontamination reactor and at least one SSP reactor, a device for heating plastic flakes to the process temperature being arranged upstream of the decontamination reactor. Also an SSP reactor having at least two individual reactors, and preferably between 3 and 7 individual reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Krones AG
    Inventors: Thomas Friedlaender, Thomas Rieckmann, Frank Marx
  • Patent number: 8344035
    Abstract: A process for making a carbonaceous material and a carbonous residue from scrap tires is disclosed. Tires are digested in an oil product. Steel and glass fibers are separated. A product enhancing additive comprising halogen based organic or inorganic compounds is added. The resulting carbonaceous material is then cured to create the final product. The produced carbonous residue is well suited for capture of mercury. The present invention has the benefits of providing a use for scrap tires that would otherwise require disposal in a landfill, and also produces a product useful for capturing a harmful element, thereby providing multiple environmental and economic benefits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Senergy LLC
    Inventors: Alfred G. Comolli, David L. Tanner
  • Patent number: 8334326
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for adjusting the pH value and/or for neutralizing acid and/or basic compounds, in particular degradation or decomposition products, as part of the reprocessing and recycling of in particular thermoplastic materials, in the course of which the polymer particles are permanently moved and heated in a reactor, wherein at least one filler is added for neutralization purposes, specifically in a quantity which corresponds at least to the anticipated acid or alkali load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Erema Engineering Recycling Maschinen und Anlagen Gesellschaft m.b.H.
    Inventors: Klaus Feichtinger, Manfred Hackl, Gerhard Wendelin
  • Patent number: 8304515
    Abstract: A process for the purification of a tetraol PFPE derivative [tetraol (T)] of formula (I): HO—CH2—CH(OH)—CH2—O—CH2—CF2—O—Rf—CF2—CH2O—CH2—CH(OH)—CH2OH, wherein Rf represents a fluoropolyoxyalkene chain (chain Rf), from a mixture (M) of hydroxyl (per)fluoropolyether derivatives, said mixture comprising said tetraol (T) and at least one hydroxyl (per)fluoropolyether [PFPE (OH)] comprising a chain Rf terminated with at least one end group of formula: —CF2CH2OH; —CF2CH2O—CH(OH)—CH2—O—CH2—CH(OH)—CH2OH; said process comprising: step 1: reacting the mixture (M) with ketones and/or aldehydes so as to selectively protect couples of hydroxyl groups on vicinal carbon atoms by forming corresponding cyclic ketal/acetal derivatives, so as to yield a protected mixture (P); step 2: reacting residual hydroxyl groups of the mixture (P) with suitable functionalizing agents enabling substantial volatility modification, so as to obtain a functionalized protected mixture (Pf); step 3: fractional distillation of the mixture (Pf) so a
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Solvay Solexis S.p.A.
    Inventors: Claudio Tonelli, Graziano Giuseppe Vezzulli, Rosaldo Picozzi, Piero Gavezotti
  • Publication number: 20120245238
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition that has been obtained by the melt-process recycling of one or more multi-layer articles, where the multi-layer articles are composed of at least one melt-processible fluoropolymer layer. The composition of the invention is a compatible blend of the different layers from the multi-layer articles. The other layers of the multi-layer articles are also melt-processible, and include one or more layers chosen from: a) a melt-processible fluoropolymer of a different composition, b) a non-fluoropolymer, and c) a barrier layer. The composition is useful for forming an article in a melt-process operation. The composition may be used by itself, may be blended with other virgin or recycled materials, or may be used at low levels with melt-processible polymers as a process aid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2010
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Applicant: Arkema Inc.
    Inventors: Saeid Zerafati, Sean M. Stabler, William J. Hartzel
  • Patent number: 8202918
    Abstract: Methods and systems for processing waste materials and for manufacturing composite materials are disclosed herein. According to some embodiments, the heterogeneous waste includes a plastic component and a non-plastic component, and the non-plastic component includes a plurality of pieces of waste. The heterogeneous waste is heated to melt at least a portion of said plastic component and reducing a volume of said heterogeneous waste, and then mixed (e.g. by rotating a mixing chamber or by stirring) until at least some said pieces are each encapsulated by the melted plastic component. Upon cooling, the mixture optionally sets into a composite material. The presently disclosed invention does not require pre-sorting of the heterogeneous waste and is operative to process “as is” waste. Optionally, the waste is pre-sorted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Inventors: Amit Azulay, Yuval Tamir
  • Patent number: 8168688
    Abstract: A process for making a solid component out of recycled paint sludge is provided. The process can include providing a paint sludge and providing a second material. Thereafter, the paint sludge and the second material are mixed to produce a paint sludge-second material mixture. The paint sludge-second material mixture is processed in order to produce a polymer containing precursor. The processing can include granulating or densifying the paint sludge-second material mixture. After the precursor has been produced, it can be placed within a molding machine and a solid component is molded. The molding machine can be an injection molding machine, an extrusion molding machine or a blow molding machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Inventors: Dan Chrzanowski, Brandon Chrzanowski
  • Patent number: 8153699
    Abstract: A surfacing composition made of recycled paint, which requires no priming, has a non-reflective “flat” appearance, and is partially composed of dried paint. The composition provides a useful application for used or excess household paint, which would otherwise require special methods of disposal and potentially create future toxic cleanup problems. The composition is made of granular dried paint and a water-based sealer, which can be spread on a surface to repair imperfections. The surface can then be finished, and no priming is required. Due to the composition's flat appearance, the patch does not display any characteristic sheen where the repair has been made. The composition provides a simple means of recycling paint, and provides a simple and inexpensive means of repairing imperfections in walls and other surfaces while saving the step of priming the patch before painting or repainting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Inventor: Larry Allen Holloway
  • Patent number: 8142695
    Abstract: The disclosure pertains to foam of polymers, which can be made by a method for making a polymer foam comprising vacuum or gas-filled compartments by making a solution of 1 to 20% by weight of a polymer in a solvent; adding particles to the a polymer solution; solidifying the polymer wherein the particles are contained by heating, cooling, ageing, or coagulating to obtain a polymer foam or matrix comprising the particles, and obtaining from the polymer matrix the polymer foam containing the compartments; and optionally washing, drying, and/or heating the polymer foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Teijin Aramid B.V.
    Inventor: Marinus Johannes Gerardus Journee
  • Publication number: 20120071573
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for adjusting the pH value and/or for neutralizing acid and/or basic compounds, in particular degradation or decomposition products, as part of the reprocessing and recycling of in particular thermoplastic materials, in the course of which the polymer particles are permanently moved and heated in a reactor, wherein at least one filler is added for neutralization purposes, specifically in a quantity which corresponds at least to the anticipated acid or alkali load.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Publication date: March 22, 2012
    Applicant: EREMA Engineering Recycling Maschinen und Anlagen Gesellschaft m.b.H.
    Inventors: Klaus Feichtinger, Manfred Hackl, Gerhard Wendelin
  • Patent number: 8138232
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for recycling plastic materials which contain at least two polymers, copolymers or blends thereof based on polystyrene. The plastic material is thereby mixed with a solvent for the polymers, copolymers or blends. Subsequently a precipitation is effected by addition of a corresponding precipitant so that then the gelatinous precipitation product can be separated from the further components of the plastic material. The method is used for recycling of any plastic materials, in particular of plastic materials from electronic scrap processing and from shredder light fractions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Maeurer, Martin Schlummer, Otto Beck
  • Patent number: 8106103
    Abstract: A method for reformulating reclaimed, contaminated mixed waste plastics into useful articles wherein a plurality of batches of the mixed waste plastics are preprocessed to produce substantially homogeneous mixtures of a desired particle size range that are characterized according to their respective apparent densities, and are thereafter blended to produce a mixed plastic feed material having a color predetermined to be desirable for reprocessing into at least one of such useful articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Advanced Environmental Recycling Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Joe G. Brooks, Christopher Lynn Becker
  • Patent number: 8053550
    Abstract: Process for the purification of a vinyl chloride polymer (PVC) comprising at least one compound of a heavy metal, according to which: (a) the PVC is dissolved in a water-miscible polar organic solvent; (b) an aqueous solution comprising a reagent, which is either a base capable of reacting with the compound of the heavy metal (R1) or a dispersing agent capable of stabilizing the said compound (R2), is added to the organic solution, the water being introduced in an amount (Q) such that it brings about the formation of a two-phase medium, the continuous phase of which is the organic phase; (c) the two-phase medium is subjected to stirring for a time sufficient for the reagent to be able to interact with (exert its effect on) the compound of the heavy metal; (d) the precipitation of the PVC out of this two-phase medium is brought about.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Solvay (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Eric Fassiau, Murielle Manin
  • Patent number: 7893195
    Abstract: Method for recovering a polymer from a liquid medium (1) substantially containing the polymer and a solvent for the latter, wherein: (a) this liquid medium (1) is injected into a reactor (2) containing a stirred substantially monophase liquid mixture comprising a major fraction by weight of a non-solvent and a minor fraction by weight of a solvent, the mixture having a composition and temperature such that the polymer precipitates therefrom progressively; (b) the polymer is recovered in the form of particles in suspension (5) in a liquid rich in non-solvent; (c) the polymer particles (9) are separated from the liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: SOLVAY (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Eric Fassiau, Bernard Vandenhende, Jean-Raphael Caille, Jean-Christophe Lepers
  • Patent number: 7893120
    Abstract: A pulverized thermoplastic resin product such as a pulverized thermoplastic product containing a black pigment, a mixture of a pulverized thermoplastic product containing a colored pigment and a pulverized thermoplastic product containing a colored pigment, or a pulverized thermoplastic product containing two or more different colored pigments can be converted into colored reclaimed resin particles by a method comprising the steps of mixing the pulverized resin product with a white pigment and a black pigment, melting the resulting mixture, and converting the molten mixture into solid particles. The colored reclaimed resin products can be utilized in various field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: UBE Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshiki Suzuki, Tatsushi Ako, Yukimasa Tanaka, Saburou Hinenoya, Yasuo Kita
  • Patent number: 7884140
    Abstract: Techniques for creating recycled plastic materials from waste plastic materials are described. A recycled plastic material contains at least a primary polymer, a secondary polymer, and residual additives. Predetermined properties of the recycled plastic material can be controlled by selecting the types of waste plastic materials used in the recycling feed, determining the types and amounts of recycled plastic material recovered from a separation process and blending the recycled plastic material with other materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: MBA Polymers, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian L. Riise, Laurence E. Allen, III, Ron C. Rau, Michael B. Biddle
  • Patent number: 7846986
    Abstract: Process for recovering at least one polymer in solution in a solvent by precipitation by means of a non-solvent introduced gradually into the solution to form the precipitation medium, whereby: in the course of the introduction of the non-solvent into the precipitation medium, there is first a phase separation (into a continuous phase rich in solvent, in which the polymer is dissolved, and into a disperse phase, consisting of droplets rich in non-solvent) and then there is a phase inversion (the continuous phase then becoming the phase rich in non-solvent, and the disperse phase becoming the phase rich in solvent containing the dissolved polymer) the non-solvent is initially introduced into the precipitation medium in liquid form only and in a quantity (Q?) which is not zero but is less than the quantity (Q) required to bring about the phase inversion, and is subsequently introduced into the precipitation medium at least partly in vapour form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2010
    Assignee: Solvay S.A.
    Inventors: Eric Fassiau, Denis Geets
  • Patent number: 7820728
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to carpet and methods of making and recycling carpet. In one aspect, the carpet includes: a primary backing which has a face and a back surface; a plurality of fibers attached to the primary backing and extending from the face of the primary backing and exposed at the back surface of the primary backing; an adhesive composition backing; and an optional secondary backing adjacent to the adhesive backing. The method of making carpet includes extrusion coating the adhesive composition onto the back surface of a primary backing to form the adhesive composition backing. The method of recycling carpet can recover one or more polymeric carpet components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: Columbia Insurance Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey Wright, Kellie Ballew
  • Patent number: 7807727
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for selectively separating mixed synthetic organic materials such as filled or non-filled polymers and/or copolymers that are wastes, particularly used, for recycling in order to upgrade them. These synthetic organic materials result from the destruction by crushing of automobiles and durable consumer goods that have reached the end of their serviceable lives. Said selective separation method acts by separating these materials with regard to a density threshold selected in a dense medium consisting of separating fluid liquid suspensions composed of powdery particles dispersed in an aqueous phase. These suspensions are stabilized by using a dynamic stabilizing means at a density threshold value selected for causing the selective separation of a determined fraction from the mixture of the used materials to be separated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Assignee: Galloo Plastics
    Inventors: Hugues De Feraudy, Henri Seinera
  • Patent number: 7803848
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for selectively separating synthetic organic materials such as polymers and/or reinforced or non-reinforced copolymers in the form of wastes, in particular domestic wastes recyclable in order to be reused. Said synthetic organic materials are recuperated from broken used cars and obsolete consumer durable products. The inventive method for selective separation consists in separating materials which have an identical density threshold value and are selected from a dense medium comprising separate liquid fluid suspensions which consist of powdery disperses particles in an aqueous phase and are stabilized with respect to the density threshold value selected in such a way that a selective separation of a determined fraction of the mixture of separable used material is initiated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2010
    Assignee: Galloo Plastics
    Inventors: Hugues De Feraudy, Henri Seinera
  • Patent number: 7795319
    Abstract: A process for making a carbonous residue from scrap tires is disclosed. Tires are digested in an oil product. Steel and glass fibers are separated. A product enhancing additive comprising halogen based organic or inorganic compounds is added. The resulting carbonaceous material is then cured to create the final product. The produced carbonous residue is well suited for capture of mercury. The present invention has the benefits of providing a use for scrap tires that would otherwise require disposal in a landfill, and also produces a product useful for capturing a harmful element, thereby providing multiple environmental and economic benefits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2010
    Assignee: Senergy LLC
    Inventors: Alfred G. Comolli, David L. Tanner
  • Publication number: 20100056651
    Abstract: A method for sequestering carbon contained in waste plastic includes separating the waste plastic from the waste stream prior to incineration, gasification, landfill, or any other method of final disposal of waste, modifying the plastic for use as a modified polymer aggregate, and using the modified polymer aggregate as a constituent ingredient in a durable building material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Publication date: March 4, 2010
    Inventors: Kevin P. Furnary, Earl T. Balkum
  • Patent number: 7547734
    Abstract: Recycled resin is produced by a method including a dismantling/recovery step of dismantling products containing resin moldings and recovering the resin moldings, a removal step of removing unwanted matter including metal components from the resin moldings, a sorting step of discriminating the materials of the resin moldings, and a crushing step of crushing the resin moldings. The method further includes, prior to the crushing step, detecting the metal components, and, after the crushing step, separating out and thus removing metal remaining in crushed material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2009
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Koichi Kimura, Takamitsu Nakamura
  • Patent number: 7223800
    Abstract: A method for producing a regenerated fluororesin, characterized in that it comprises subjecting a used melt-molded fluororesin article to a heat treatment at a temperature of from room temperature to the melting point of the resin; a method for producing a regenerated fluororesin, characterized in that it comprises subjecting a used melt-molded fluororesin article to a supercritical washing treatment at a temperature of from room temperature to the melting point of the resin; and a regenerated fluororesin article containing substantially no impurities which is obtainable by the above method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2007
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaji Komori, Takuya Arase
  • Patent number: 7087655
    Abstract: A method of separating at least one polymer from a mixture of polymers. The method includes adjusting the temperature of the mixture, either by heating or cooling, to bring the temperature to a temperature at which decombination of the polymer mixture occurs. Mechanical energy is also imparted to the mixture, before, during or after temperature adjustment. The temperature adjustment and application of mechanical energy enable at least one polymer to be separated from the other polymers in the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: J. David Tucker, David Lewis Myers
  • Patent number: 7015263
    Abstract: A process for recovering fluoropolymers, which comprises contacting an ion exchange membrane comprising a fluoropolymer having carboxylic acid groups (hereinafter referred to as a C-polymer) and a fluoropolymer having sulfonic acid groups (hereinafter referred to as a S-polymer) and having inorganic particles deposited on the surface, with a solvent to let it swell and to remove the inorganic particles from the surface, then, contacting it with a solvent which is a good solvent for the S-polymer and a poor solvent for the C-polymer to obtain a solid composed mainly of the C-polymer and a solution having the S-polymer dissolved therein, and recovering them by solid-liquid separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2006
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Seisaku Kumai, Yutaka Fukatsu, Ryota Tokura
  • Patent number: 6989404
    Abstract: Disclosed is a polyvinyl chloride recovering method for recovering polyvinyl chloride from waste including polyvinyl chloride by a continuous operation, and an system for carrying out the method, wherein the method comprises: an insoluble solid matter removing process of removing insoluble solid matters from a hot mixture of a solvent capable of dissolving polyvinyl chloride, and the waste; a solidifying process of solidifying polyvinyl chloride in water by bringing hot water into contact with a solution obtained by removing the insoluble solid matters from the hot mixture to remove the solvent; and a separating process of separating the solidified polyvinyl chloride from the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2006
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho
    Inventors: Koji Yamamoto, Takeharu Tanaka
  • Patent number: 6864294
    Abstract: A recycled plastic material is made from laser-engraved thermoplastic, metal-containing thermoplastic, thermoplastic used in an inkjet apparatus, or thermoplastic to which an ink or its composition have stuck. This recycled plastic material is manufactured by pulverizing any of these thermoplastics, cleaning the pulverized thermoplastic, removing a cleaning solution from the cleaned thermoplastic to dry it, and removing the dried thermoplastic solid matter other than the thermoplastic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2005
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yasushi Koike, Shoji Akino, Osamu Asakura, Mizuko Matsumoto, Takeshi Bungo, Hirohide Matsuhisa, Takeshi Iwasaki, Izumi Uraki
  • Patent number: 6723759
    Abstract: Disclosed is a recycled resin composition having physical properties, a feeding property as well as a moldability which are by no means inferior as compared with the raw material resin composition, even when a ratio of recycled material in recycled resin composition used as molding material is increased. A recycled resin composition obtained by compounding a mixture containing (a) a raw material resin, (b) at least one kind of additives for resin, and (c) a pulverized material of a recovered molded article generated at the time of molding of a raw material resin composition comprising (a) said raw material resin and (b) said at least one kind of additives for resin and/or a recycled resin composition comprising (a) said raw material resin and (b) said at least one kind of additives for resin, is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 20, 2004
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Engineering-Plastics Corporation
    Inventors: Kunihiro Takenaka, Tsutomu Yonekura, Toshiyuki Furuya, Shigeru Muramatsu
  • Publication number: 20020128335
    Abstract: A process for recovering fluoropolymers, which comprises contacting an ion exchange membrane comprising a fluoropolymer having carboxylic acid groups (hereinafter referred to as a C-polymer) and a fluoropolymer having sulfonic acid groups (hereinafter referred to as a S-polymer) and having inorganic particles deposited on the surface, with a solvent to let it swell and to remove the inorganic particles from the surface, then, contacting it with a solvent which is a good solvent for the S-polymer and a poor solvent for the C-polymer to obtain a solid composed mainly of the C-polymer and a solution having the S-polymer dissolved therein, and recovering them by solid-liquid separation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2002
    Publication date: September 12, 2002
    Applicant: ASAHI GLASS COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventors: Seisaku Kumai, Yutaka Fukatsu, Ryota Tokura
  • Patent number: 6384093
    Abstract: A method of enhancing the melt-processibility of crosslinked plastic or recycling crosslinked plastic and the products formed by these methods. The melt processibility of a crosslinked thermoplastic resin may be enhanced by mixing it with a low viscosity polymeric resin having a specified melt flow index relative to the melt flow index of the crosslinked thermoplastic resin, and exposing the mixture to mechanical shearing energy to produce a processed mixture having enhanced melt flow characteristics. The processed mixture may be subsequently mixed with thermoplastic polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Cryovac, Inc.
    Inventors: Larry Bourland, Richard A. Freundlich, Rudolph G. Nwana, Vincent W. Herran
  • Patent number: 6306222
    Abstract: A process for cleaning plastic materials is disclosed, in which foreign materials adhered on and internally intruded into the plastic materials are cleaned to recycle the plastic materials. The process for cleaning plastics to recycle them according to the present invention includes the following steps. (1) A first cleaning is carried out on roughly crushed plastics of a size of 2-3 cm by using a solvent within a dumbler. (2) The solvent is discharged out of the dumbler after the first cleaning. (3) A second cleaning is carried out on the plastics by using a solvent within the dumbler after the first cleaning. (4) The solvent is discharged out of the dumbler after the second cleaning. (5) The plastics are dried after the second cleaning by injecting a heated nitrogen gas into the dumbler. (6) The nitrogen gas is discharged out of the dumbler under a reduced pressure, whereby contamination materials adhered on surfaces and internally intruded are cleaned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2001
    Assignee: LG-Caltex Oil Corporation
    Inventors: In-Bok Kim, Sung-In Hong, Ik-Soo Kim, Joong-Seok Noh
  • Patent number: 6274637
    Abstract: The invention comprises a process for the recycling and production of plastics, plastics mixtures and plastics materials, using new, reprocessed or used plastics and plastics mixtures or sorted and unsorted plastics wastes, in which a) a carrier material A, which comprises a newly produced plastics material or plastics waste material containing a uniform type-pure plastic or plastics of various types, a material of any or unknown composition X and an additional component Z selected from fatty acids, mixtures containing fatty acid of natural or synthetic origin, fatty acid derivatives which release fatty acid under the process conditions and fatty alcohols are mixed together, A and X together containing, relative to the volume, at least a quantity of plastics such that the non-plastics components are incorporated therein while a homogeneous or partially homogeneous composition is still forming, b) this mixture is conveyed through a conveying device with constant mechanical mixing, kneading or compression, and
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Assignee: Finacor Anstalt
    Inventor: Günter Schallenberg
  • Patent number: 6174928
    Abstract: A fluorinated oligomer having COOH groups at both end and a &rgr;50° value of 1,000 to 10,000 is produced by swelling a fluorine rubber crosslinking product in an organic solvent, followed by decomposition in the presence of a base and a peroxide. The obtained fluorinated oligomer is soluble in solvent and thus easy to separate from fillers, etc., and can be effectively used as a chain-elongating agent for epoxy resin, isocyanate resin, oxazoline resin, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2001
    Assignee: Nippon Mektron, Limited
    Inventors: Fumiyo Mizuide, Haruyoshi Tatsu, Sergey Vasilievich Sokolov, Michail Vasiliyevich Zhuravlev, Igor Vladimirovich Kokotin, Olga Viktorinovna Blagodatova
  • Patent number: 6160031
    Abstract: A process for decomposing a polymer which is capable of undergoing thermal depolymerization to its monomer or monomers, such as for example poly(methylmethacrylate), and for the recovery of at least one of the monomers, includes the steps of subjecting the polymer in solid, gel, partially molten or molten form to microwave heating for a time and at a temperature sufficient to decompose the polymer to produce the monomer or monomers in gaseous, liquid or solid form, without substantial decomposition of the monomer or monomers, and recovering at least one of the monomer or monomers. The monomer or monomers may then be reused for plymerisation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2000
    Assignee: AECI Limited
    Inventors: Ian Douglas Poree, Karol Paula Cameron, Janine Alison Bloem, Fritz Dieter Schlosser, Alison McGowan