Treating Polyester Patents (Class 521/48)
  • Patent number: 10472486
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the treatment of a composition comprising thermoplastics comprising introducing the composition into a reactor under reduction of oxygen content of the atmosphere, heating the composition in the presence of a solvent to liquefy the thermoplastics, separating insoluble fractions and recovering the liquefied thermoplastics which process is conducted with an aliphatic hydrocarbon as solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Assignee: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Stéphane Streiff, Dominique Balthasart, Armin T. Liebens, Gérard Antonini
  • Patent number: 10421849
    Abstract: A catalyst complex for catalysis of degradation of a polymer material is described. Said complex comprises a magnetic particulate body containing iron oxide at its surface with an average diameter of 150-450 nm, and a plurality of catalytic groups grafted onto the iron oxide surface of the magnetic particulate body, which catalytic groups comprise a bridging moiety and a catalyst entity, wherein the bridging moiety comprises a functional group for adhesion or bonding to the iron oxide surface and a linking group towards the catalyst entity, and wherein the catalyst entity comprises a positively charged aromatic heterocycle moiety, and a negatively charged moiety for balancing the positively charged aromatic moiety.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Ioniqa Technologies B.V.
    Inventors: Sonja Irene-Marie Reginalde Castillo, Susanne Van Berkum, Vincent Gertudis Antonius Philippi, Joost Robert Wolters
  • Patent number: 10023689
    Abstract: Biodegradable polyesters are made by synthesizing copolymers derived from biodegradable hydroxyacid monomers as well as from hydroxyacid monomers containing a functional group such as an azide group, a halogen group, a thioacetate group, and the like. Preferably, the functionalized biodegradable polyester copolymers are derived from a functionalized hydroxyacid such as a homolog of lactic acid and/or glycolic acid with the copolyester thus containing functional groups on the backbone thereof. These biodegradable polyesters can be utilized wherever biodegradable polyesters are currently used, and also serve as a polymer to which various medical and drug delivery systems can be attached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventors: Coleen Pugh, Abhishek Banerjee, William Storms, Colin Wright
  • Patent number: 9932456
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a process for recovering a polyester component and products of a non-polyester component from a fabric containing a polyester blend. The polyester component of the present disclosure is polyethylene terephthalate and the non-polyester component is wool. The process includes hydrolyzing the article using at least one hydrolyzing agent to convert the non-polyester component into products of the non-polyester component and release the polyester component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: Reliance Industries Limited
    Inventors: Vidhya Rangaswamy, Anurag Srivastava, Vijai Balachandran, Harshvardhan Joshi
  • Patent number: 9914816
    Abstract: Provided is a method of depolymerizing polyesters from post-consumer products, such as beverage bottles, to produce a high purity reaction product. For the depolymerization reaction, the polyesters are reacted with an alcohol and an amine organocatalyst at a temperature of about 150° C. to about 250° C. In one application, the use of an organocatalyst with a boiling point significantly lower than the boiling point of the reactant alcohol allows for the ready recycling of the amine organocatalyst. In another application, performing the depolymerization reaction under pressure at a temperature above the boiling point of the alcohol allows for accelerated depolymerization rates and the recovery of the organocatalyst with no further heat input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Robert D. Allen, Krishna M. Bajjuri, Gregory Breyta, James L. Hedrick, Carl E. Larson
  • Patent number: 9822218
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a process for producing a high molecular-weight aromatic polycarbonate resin, the process includes mixing a dialcohol compound represented by the following Formula (1) with a first catalyst to obtain a catalyst composition; mixing the obtained catalyst composition with an aromatic polycarbonate prepolymer to obtain a prepolymer mixture; and obtaining a high molecular-weight aromatic polycarbonate by subjecting the obtained prepolymer mixture to heating treatment under reduced pressure condition. In the Formula (1), R1 to R4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group and the like. Q represents a divalent group or a single bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI GAS CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC.
    Inventors: Yoshinori Isahaya, Atsushi Hirashima, Hidefumi Harada, Maki Ito, Jun-ya Hayakawa, Takehiko Isobe, Hongyu Liu, Hiroki Furuhashi, Yousuke Shinkai
  • Patent number: 9776343
    Abstract: A method for separating materials of various type having different softening temperature values, includes pouring a mixture of flakes and fragments of materials on a movable receiving and conveying device in a uniformly distributed manner and advancing it along a first portion of path; actuating an electromagnetic inductor to heat an outer metal surface by electromagnetic induction, which surface is included in the movable receiving and conveying device to achieve a first lower softening temperature corresponding to a first material of the mixture; subjecting the mixture to a separating action during which a first fraction, remains stuck to the outer metal surface, whereas a remaining second fraction of materials having higher softening temperatures than the first softening temperature freely slips by gravity towards a lower receiving zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: PREVIERO N. S.R.L.
    Inventor: Flavio Previero
  • Patent number: 9611371
    Abstract: A process for extracting polyester from an article using a solvent system using a compound according to Formula I is described, where wherein R1 and R2 are each independently selected from: hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; R3 to R12 are each independently selected from: hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, aryl or alkoxy groups; and each of “a” to “e” is a carbon atom, wherein the total linear chain length of a-b-c-d-e is in the range of 2 to 5 carbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: WORN AGAIN FOOTWEAR AND ACCESSORIES, LIMITED
    Inventor: Adam Walker
  • Patent number: 9546258
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to utilizing gasses for fragmenting polymeric materials and simultaneously modifying the surface area molecular structure of the said polymeric materials. More particularly, the present invention relates to a method and associated device for the processing of already preliminarily deformed polymeric materials, preferably without metal reinforcing elements, by utilizing aggressive gasses to both modify the polymeric materials surface area into an activated state and also simultaneously fragment the fed preliminarily deformed polymeric materials into a powder-like form with a relatively increased surface area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: POLYMERIC POWDERS COMPANY PTY LTD
    Inventor: Michael Vainer
  • Patent number: 9334359
    Abstract: Provided is a method of continuous production of a biodegradable aliphatic polyester including continuously performing an esterification reaction of a mixture including an aliphatic dihydroxy compound and aliphatic dicarboxylic acid at a temperature of 185° C. or less to obtain an ester; continuously performing a first polycondensation reaction of the ester to obtain a preliminary polymer; and continuously performing a polycondensation reaction of the preliminary polymer. According to the method of production, an amount of the aliphatic dihydroxy compound used decreases, which is a starting material, thereby decreasing the manufacturing cost of the biodegradable aliphatic polyester.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignees: LOTTE FINE CHEMICAL CO., LTD., S-ENPOL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Gyung Don Kang, Ki Chull Yun, Sang Yob Kim, Jung Ryum, Boo Seong Kim, Kil Seuk Byun, Sei Hoon Kim, Sung Bae Park
  • Patent number: 9296868
    Abstract: It is provided that a polyester film containing a polyester resin obtained by recycling PET bottles and having high lamination strength and slight unevenness in thickness. A biaxially stretched polyester film comprising 50 wt. % or more and 95 wt. % or less of a polyester resin obtained by recycling PET bottles, wherein the content of an isophthalic acid component in all dicarboxylic acid components in the entire polyester resin composing the polyester film is 0.5 mol % or more and 5.0 mol % or less, and the polyester satisfy the specific intrinsic viscosity, the specific thermal shrinkage rate, the specific refractive index in the thickness direction, and the specific unevenness in thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2016
    Assignee: Toyobo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mahiro Nakano, Tadashi Nakaya, Toshiyuki Shimizu, Yoshitomo Ikehata
  • Patent number: 9061443
    Abstract: A method of separating foreign polymers from a polymer mixture that comprises amorphous PET particles and crystalline PET particles, wherein the softening point of the foreign polymers is lower than that of the crystalline PET particles, and wherein the method includes separating the amorphous PET particles from the polymer mixture, heating the resulting polymer mixture to a temperature between the softening point of the foreign polymers and that of the crystalline PET particles, and separating the foreign polymers from the resulting polymer mixture. Also, a device for separating foreign polymers from a polymer mixture that comprises amorphous PET particles and crystalline PET particles, the device including a first separation unit for separating the amorphous PET particles from the polymer mixture, and a second separation unit for separating the foreign polymers from the resulting polymer mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2015
    Assignee: KRONES AG
    Inventor: Thomas Friedlaender
  • Patent number: 9012525
    Abstract: In a tire constituted with a thermoplastic material and a material different from the thermoplastic material, the thermoplastic material and the material different from the thermoplastic material are easily and efficiently separated. While a tire 10 formed of a thermoplastic material is being turned, heated air is ejected from a nozzle 46 of a heating apparatus 44, and the surface of a crown portion 16 is melted. An end portion of a cord 26 embedded in a helical arrangement, which is formed of a material different from the thermoplastic material, is extracted from the melted region, and is sequentially wound onto a reel 58.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihide Kouno, Seiji Kon, Keiichi Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8993644
    Abstract: Methods of reclaiming plastic from plastic medical waste containers containing medical waste and manufacturing recycled medical devices are described. Recycled medical devices made from plastic medical waste containers containing medical waste are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Becton, Dickinson and Company
    Inventor: Richard Ji
  • Patent number: 8969425
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for separating two or more components of a plastic material for the purposes of recycling, with particular application to purifying poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) during recycling procedures. The process comprises contacting a quantity of the plastic material with one or more discrete pre-heated particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Nextek Limited
    Inventor: Edward Kosior
  • Publication number: 20150057379
    Abstract: Methods for the recycling of carpet are disclosed that produce clean face fiber suitable for industrial use. The methods allow the recovery of face fiber material, for example a polyester or a polyamide, from carpets that includes a face fiber material and a backing material, and include the steps of heating the carpet to a temperature lower than the melting point of the face fiber material, but higher than the initial thermal decomposition temperature of the backing material, for a time and at a temperature sufficient to thermally decompose, pyrolyze, or oxidize at least a portion of the backing material, rendering the backing material friable, that is more friable than the untreated backing; and applying mechanical force to the carpet so as to liberate the friable backing material from the face fiber material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Joseph E. BORK, Stephen C. PASPEK, SR., Alan F. SCHROEDER, William H. HEISE
  • Patent number: 8883867
    Abstract: Compositions containing a turpentine liquid and methods are disclosed for dissolving, dissolving via melting, selectively dissolving via melting, decomposing plastic comprising a chlorine-containing polymer or thermosetting polymer, and/or co-dissolving plastic with fossil fuel for purifying, separating, recovering or recycling plastic-containing material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Green Source Holdings LLC
    Inventors: Liang-tseng Fan, Shahram Reza Shafie
  • Publication number: 20140323602
    Abstract: A method and a device for direct printing onto plastic containers, where an intermediate layer is in a first step using a first device applied onto the container to be printed and the container is in a second step using a second device printed in certain areas, and the intermediate layer enters into a bond with the container and the print layer that is insoluble in aqueous solutions having a pH value between 3 and 10, and is very soluble in aqueous solutions having a pH value in a range less than 3 and/or greater than 10; and a recycling method for a plastic container having an intermediate layer applied.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicants: KRONES AG, HEIDELBERGER DRUCKMASCHINEN AG
    Inventors: Johann Weigert, Andreas Sonnauer, Florian Lauterbach, Migjen Rrahimi
  • Publication number: 20140316018
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide titanium oxide granules that have a novel structure and have a characteristic of highly efficient decomposing capability, and a method of decomposing plastic and organic waste by using the granules. The present invention has been completed based on the finding that a method of decomposing plastic waste by using titanium oxide granules having a transition metal and/or a transition metal oxide, in particular copper, supported thereon enables decomposition of plastic waste at extremely high efficiency in a low-temperature region for a long period of time as compared to methods of decomposing plastic waste by using the related-art titanium oxide granules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Inventors: Hiromitsu Shimizu, Itsushi Kashimoto
  • Patent number: 8865781
    Abstract: A method of processing waste carpet or matting material to separate constituent materials thereof, includes optionally drying the material and then cooling the material to a temperature at which at least one constituent material therein is embrittled. A mechanical force is applied to the cooled material causing the embrittled constituent material to break into fragments. Optionally, the material from the previous step is dried. The material is then separated to separate the fragments of constituent material from other constituent material. The carpet material can be initially shredded into coarse pieces. The procedure may be repeated optionally with different temperatures to selectively embrittle and fragment different components and facilitate their separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignees: Haydale Limited, Desso Group BV
    Inventor: Ian Walters
  • Publication number: 20140303267
    Abstract: A process for making a solid component out of recycled paint sludge, powder coat and/or latex paint is provided. The process can include providing paint sludge, powder coat and/or latex paint and providing a second material. Thereafter, the paint sludge, powder coat and/or latex paint and the second material are mixed to produce a paint sludge, powder coat and/or latex paint-second material mixture. The paint sludge, powder coat and/or latex paint-second material mixture is processed in order to produce a solid component. The processing can include extrusion of the paint sludge, powder coat and/or latex paint-second material mixture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: Preferred Filter Recycling
    Inventors: Dan Chrzanowski, Brandon Chrzanowski
  • Patent number: 8809405
    Abstract: The invention comprises a composition comprising the extrusion product of synthetic turf and a processing agent, whereby the extrusion product has a moisture content of less than 0.5% by weight. A process for making the composition is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: TexTile Rubber & Chemical Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Leslie Jay Taylor
  • Patent number: 8809406
    Abstract: A composite material is produced from carpet waste and a binding agent, in intimate association, and may also include wood fiber or chips and/or other additives. A method of manufacturing a composite material includes shredding carpet waste, coating the carpet waste with a binding agent, and subjecting the shredded, coated carpet waste to elevated heat and pressure. As an additional step, the composite material may be actively cooled to prevent deformation of the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Material Innovations LLC
    Inventors: David E. Murdock, Douglas Mancosh, James P. Przybylinski
  • Publication number: 20140213673
    Abstract: In one aspect, the invention relates to recycled polyethylene terephthalate compositions, fibers and articles produced therefrom, and methods for producing same. In a further aspect, the invention relates to homogenized post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate. In a further aspect, the invention relates to extruded polymer compositions, polymer mixtures, fibers, and/or Bulked Continuous Filament fibers comprising post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate. In a further aspect, the invention relates to processes for preparing recycled polyethylene terephthalate compositions. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: Hubert J. Booth, Christopher Eric Bradley, Daniel Ray Johnson, James Henry Keen, JR.
  • Patent number: 8771583
    Abstract: Polyester compositions described herein have properties which are particularly suitable for extrusion blow molding (EBM). These properties relate primarily to the rate of crystallization and melt strength or melt viscosity. Articles prepared from the polyester compositions exhibit good clarity, aesthetics, and other physical properties. The polyester compositions also exhibit broad molecular weight distribution (MWD), resulting in improved processability and melt strength. The crystallization rate allows for good drying characteristics while also enabling the use of regrind. In addition, the compositions exhibit improved recyclability, such as in existing PET recycling streams. In one aspect, articles are prepared in an extrusion blow molding method by combining a dry first polyester copolymer component, a dry second polyester component, and a chain extender to form a feed material suitable for extrusion blow molding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Pepsico, Inc.
    Inventor: Clarence Sequeira
  • Patent number: 8741972
    Abstract: In one aspect, the invention relates to recycled polyethylene terephthalate compositions, fibers and articles produced therefrom, and methods for producing same. In a further aspect, the invention relates to homogenized post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate. In a further aspect, the invention relates to extruded polymer compositions, polymer mixtures, fibers, and/or Bulked Continuous Filament fibers comprising post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate. In a further aspect, the invention relates to processes for preparing recycled polyethylene terephthalate compositions. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Columbia Insurance Company
    Inventors: Hubert J. Booth, Christopher Eric Bradley, Daniel Ray Johnson, James Henry Keen, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8735457
    Abstract: In one aspect, the invention relates to recycled polyethylene terephthalate compositions, fibers and articles produced therefrom, and methods for producing same. In a further aspect, the invention relates to homogenized post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate. In a further aspect, the invention relates to extruded polymer compositions, polymer mixtures, fibers, and/or Bulked Continuous Filament fibers comprising post-consumer polyethylene terephthalate. In a further aspect, the invention relates to processes for preparing recycled polyethylene terephthalate compositions. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Columbia Insurance Company
    Inventors: Hubert J. Booth, Christopher Eric Bradley, Daniel Ray Johnson, James Henry Keen, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20140135412
    Abstract: Method for removing a foreign substance from a polymer composition including subjecting a polymer composition to a medium selected from the group comprising chemical reagents, electron beam radiation, electromagnetic radiation, or combinations thereof, removing the transformed foreign substance from the polymer composition, where the foreign substance is by subjecting the polymer composition to the medium at least partially transformed into a form that facilitates removal from the polymer composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2013
    Publication date: May 15, 2014
    Applicant: KRONES AG
    Inventor: Thomas Friedlaender
  • Patent number: 8703833
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention are directed to solid surface sheets and methods of making solid surface sheets, wherein the method comprises dissolving post-consumer recycled polystyrene in a first liquid resin precursor to form a blend, solidifying the blend via curing, grinding the solidified blend into recycled particles, adding the recycled particles and filler into a second liquid resin precursor to produce a solid surface precursor, and molding and curing the solid surface precursor to produce the solid surface sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: The Diller Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin O'Brien, Dave Swenson
  • Publication number: 20140088210
    Abstract: A process of decolorizing dyed thermoplastics are provided that includes intermixing a dyed thermoplastic with a decolorization agent solution at a temperature that maintains the crystalline structure of the thermoplastic. The processes for the first time are capable of removing substantial portions of dye from the thermoplastic providing a material that is suitable for recycling processes and use in subsequent recycled articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2013
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: RADCO Infusion Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Richard Yorde, Rick Anderson
  • Patent number: 8680229
    Abstract: The present invention is aimed to provide a method for producing a polyester with reduced CD content and elution amount, in which even after the production method, a reduction in physical properties of the polyester is small, and furthermore, a polyester having good moldability can be produced, and the present invention is concerned with a method for producing a polyester including an esterification reaction step of allowing an aliphatic diol and an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid to react with each other; a step of pelletizing a polyester obtained through the esterification reaction step; and a contact treatment step of bringing the obtained polyester pellets into contact with a mixed solution containing ethanol and water, wherein the mixed solution contains water in an amount of 10% by mass or more and not more than 99% by mass relative to the whole of the mixed solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Naoya Maeda, Shinichiro Matsuzono, Takayuki Suzuki, Hiromichi Matsui
  • Patent number: 8680167
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition comprising (a) from 5 to 99 wt % of a modified polybutylene terephthalate random copolymer that (1) is derived from polyethylene terephthalate component selected from the group consisting of polyethylene terephthalate and polyethylene terephthalate copolymers and (2) has at least one residue derived from the polyethylene terephthalate component, and (b) at least 1 wt % of a filler component. In one embodiment, the invention relates to an article molded from the above-mentioned molding composition. In another embodiment, the invention relates to methods for making and methods for using the molding composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Sabic Innovative Plastics IP B.V.
    Inventors: Parminder Agarwal, Kristen Cohoon, Shellie Virginia Gasaway, Ganesh Kannan, Sung Dug Kim, Kenneth Frederick Miller, Dhaval Shah
  • Patent number: 8669297
    Abstract: Backings for carpet and carpet tiles are formed from various post-consumer and/or post-industrial polymeric waste materials, for example, post-consumer textile waste material (e.g., carpet and carpet tiles), post-industrial textile waste material (e.g., carpet and/or carpet tiles), and/or other post-consumer and/or post-industrial polymeric materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Tandus Flooring, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul D. Evans, Jr., Gabe Moore
  • Patent number: 8653150
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for decomposing, in the presence of subcritical water, a thermosetting resin comprising a polyester moiety and a crosslinking moiety therewith to provide a compound comprising an acid residue derived from the polyester moiety and a residue derived from the crosslinking moiety, and collecting the compound in an efficient yield, specifically, which comprises steps of: (I) decomposing the thermosetting resin in the presence of subcritical water to provide a solid comprising a compound comprising an acid residue derived from the polyester moiety and a residue derived from the crosslinking moiety, (II) subjecting the solid to an organic solvent to dissolve the compound into the organic solvent, wherein the organic solvent has a higher solubility which can dissolve the compound than that of water, and (III) collecting, separating or isolating the compound from the organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Panasonic Corporation, International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer
    Inventors: Takumi Izumitani, Takaharu Nakagawa, Masaru Hidaka, Keishi Shibata, Junko Matsui
  • Patent number: 8614259
    Abstract: A process for making a solid component out of recycled powder coat is provided. The process can include providing a powder coat material and providing a second material. Thereafter, the powder coat and the second material are mixed to produce a powder coat-second material mixture. The powder coal-second material mixture is processed in order to produce a polymer containing precursor. The processing can include granulating or densifying the powder coat-second material mixture. After the precursor has been produced, it can be placed within a molding machine and a solid component is molded. The molding machine can be an injection molding machine, an extrusion molding machine or a blow molding machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: PFR Patent Holding Company, LLC
    Inventors: Dan Chrzanowski, Brandon Chrzanowski
  • Patent number: 8580124
    Abstract: A solvent that reversibly converts from a hydrophobic liquid form to hydrophilic liquid form upon contact with water and a selected trigger, e.g., contact with CO2, is described. The hydrophilic liquid form is readily converted back to the hydrophobic liquid form and water. The hydrophobic liquid is an amidine or amine. The hydrophilic liquid form comprises an amidinium salt or an ammonium salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignees: Queen's University at Kingston, GreenCentre Canada
    Inventors: Philip G. Jessop, Lam N. Phan, Andrew J. Carrier, Rui Resendes, Dominik Wechsler
  • Patent number: 8557882
    Abstract: A method for preparing contaminated plastics ground into flakes, such as RPET or such polymers, having at least decontamination and SSP treatment steps, with at least one reactor, with heating to the process temperature taking place essentially outside the reactor. Also, a device for carrying out the method, and having at least one decontamination reactor and at least one SSP reactor, a device for heating plastic flakes to the process temperature being arranged upstream of the decontamination reactor. Also an SSP reactor having at least two individual reactors, and preferably between 3 and 7 individual reactors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Krones AG
    Inventors: Thomas Friedlaender, Thomas Rieckmann, Frank Marx
  • Publication number: 20130261197
    Abstract: An additive for use in a wash solution of a PET recycling process is described. The PET recycling process includes the steps of sorting the scrap PET to remove other materials, granulating or shredding the scrap PET to produce PET flakes, and washing the PET to remove contaminants. The Wash step comprises the steps of contacting the PET flakes with a wash solution comprising: (a) an alkali hydroxide; and (b) an additive comprising: (i) at least one non-ionic surfactant; (ii) at least one cationic surfactant; (iii) a hydrotrope; (iv) water, and (V) optionally, a solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Inventors: Luigi Bacchiocchi, Gianluca Pozzi
  • Patent number: 8541477
    Abstract: A method comprises forming a reaction mixture comprising a terephthalate polyester, a glycol comprising 2 to 5 carbons, and an amidine organocatalyst; and heating the reaction mixture at a temperature of about 120° C. or more to depolymerize the terephthalate polyester, thereby forming a terephthalate reaction product comprising a monomeric dihydroxy terephthalate diester; wherein the terephthalate reaction product contains terephthalate oligomers in an amount less than the amount of terephthalate oligomers that would result from i) substituting the amidine organocatalyst with an equimolar amount of a guanidine catalyst and ii) depolymerizing the terephthalate polyester under otherwise identical reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventors: Abdullah M Alabdulrahman, Hamid A Almegren, Fares D Alsewailem, Phillip Joe Brock, Daniel Joseph Coady, Kazuki Fukushima, James Lupton Hedrick, Hans Werner Horn, Julia Elizabeth Rice
  • Patent number: 8536238
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of thermal insulation sheets fashioned from certain unseparated mixtures of post-consumer plastic articles is disclosed. The mixtures of such articles contain polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polystyrene (PS) and optionally also articles made of high density polyethylene (HDPE). An unseparated mixture of such articles is provided. This mixture is crushed and shredded to form plastic flakes, and these plastic flakes are then homogenized. Homogenization of the flakes can be carried out either by melt-blending them or by further comminution to produce very fine particles of the mixed plastics. The resulting homogenized mixture of plastic types is then compression molded into sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventor: Fares D. Alsewailem
  • Patent number: 8492504
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to methods and materials useful for depolymerizing a polymer. In one embodiment, for example, the disclosure provides a method for depolymerizing a polymer containing electrophilic linkages, wherein the method comprises contacting the polymer with a nucleophilic reagent in the presence of a guanidine-containing compound. The methods and materials of the disclosure find utility, for example, in the field of waste reclamation and recycling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignees: International Business Machines Corporation, The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: James Lupton Hedrick, Russell Clayton Pratt, Robert M. Waymouth
  • Patent number: 8487049
    Abstract: A process is described for recycling superabsorbent polymer fines into a process that includes treating the superabsorbent polymer fines with caustic and a polymerization step for making the superabsorbent polymer gel. The process requires treating the superabsorbent polymer fines with a caustic, followed by mixture with polymerizable monomer solution, and polymerizing the mixture of the superabsorbent polymer fines and monomer to form the aqueous fluid absorbent polymer. In the process, the fines are incorporated into the new polymer gel and become indistinguishable there from. The gel may then be comminuted into a particulate dried and then separated into a portion having a desired minimum particle size in a fines portion having less than the desired size. The particulate may then be coated with a surface crosslinking agent and surface additives and heated for surface conversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Evonik Stockhausen, LLC
    Inventors: Gonglu Tian, Scott J. Smith, Janet Pate-Linton
  • Patent number: 8476364
    Abstract: Embodiments relate to a relatively rapid transesterification process including transesterifying condensation polymers such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), or other polyesters used in commerce, with a modifying monomer mix containing other monomers to manufacture new polymers containing the pre-condensed moieties. The process preferably only involves transesterification as a reaction mechanism. The process preferably produces a rapid buildup of molecular weight and/or polymer uniformity by the high temperature transesterification of the condensation polymer with the modifying monomer mixture. The process can be performed in any suitable vessel including an extrusion line, and it has the advantage of greatly reduced cycle times over currently used condensation polymer utilization processes such as the recycling of PET into other materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Beaulieu Group, LLC
    Inventor: Robert Keith Salsman
  • Patent number: 8466205
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to carpet and methods of making and recycling carpet. In one aspect, the carpet includes: a primary backing which has a face and a back surface; a plurality of fibers attached to the primary backing and extending from the face of the primary backing and exposed at the back surface of the primary backing; an adhesive composition backing; and an optional secondary backing adjacent to the adhesive backing. The method of making carpet includes extrusion coating the adhesive composition onto the back surface of a primary backing to form the adhesive composition backing. The method of recycling carpet can recover one or more polymeric carpet components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Columbia Insurance Company
    Inventors: Jeffrey Wright, Kellie Ballew
  • Publication number: 20130150467
    Abstract: In a tire constituted with a thermoplastic material and a material different from the thermoplastic material, the thermoplastic material and the material different from the thermoplastic material are easily and efficiently separated. While a tire 10 formed of a thermoplastic material is being turned, heated air is ejected from a nozzle 46 of a heating apparatus 44, and the surface of a crown portion 16 is melted. An end portion of a cord 26 embedded in a helical arrangement, which is formed of a material different from the thermoplastic material, is extracted from the melted region, and is sequentially wound onto a reel 58.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshihide Kouno, Seiji Kon, Keiichi Hasegawa
  • Publication number: 20130143974
    Abstract: A method for preparing contaminated plastics ground into flakes, such as RPET or such polymers, having at least decontamination and SSP treatment steps, with at least one reactor, with heating to the process temperature taking place essentially outside the reactor. Also, a device for carrying out the method, and having at least one decontamination reactor and at least one SSP reactor, a device for heating plastic flakes to the process temperature being arranged upstream of the decontamination reactor. Also an SSP reactor having at least two individual reactors, and preferably between 3 and 7 individual reactors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Publication date: June 6, 2013
    Applicant: KRONES AG
    Inventor: KRONES AG
  • Patent number: 8455558
    Abstract: A composite material produced from carpet waste and a binding agent, in intimate association, which material includes 25% and 99% carpet waste and between 1 and 25% binding agent. A method for manufacturing the composite material is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Material Innovations LLC
    Inventors: Douglas Mancosh, James P. Przybylinski, David E. Murdock
  • Patent number: 8445552
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention are directed to solid surface sheets and methods of making solid surface sheets, wherein the method comprises dissolving post-consumer recycled polystyrene in a first liquid resin precursor to form a blend, solidifying the blend via curing, grinding the solidified blend into recycled particles, adding the recycled particles and filler into a second liquid resin precursor to produce a solid surface precursor, and molding and curing the solid surface precursor to produce the solid surface sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: The Diller Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin O'Brien, Dave Swenson
  • Patent number: 8436059
    Abstract: An aqueous floor care composition comprising water, polymer particles wherein the polymer particles include units derived from a conjugated diene monomer, units derived from an acidic monomer, and units derived from a hard, non-acidic monomer, an external crosslinking agent, and optionally one or more of a leveling agent, surfactant, polyurethane, alkali-soluble resin, coalescing agent, plasticizer, and wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: OMNOVA Solutions Inc.
    Inventors: Kyung Don Kim, James Gaston, II
  • Patent number: 8420703
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a method for collecting effective components from polyester fiber waste containing polyalkylene telephthalate as the main component, more specifically to provide a method for separating and removing foreign matters (mainly cotton) contained in polyester fiber waste. The purpose of the invention can be achieved by a method for separating and removing foreign matters from polyester waste, which includes throwing polyester fiber waste that contains polyalkylene telephthalate as the main component and foreign matters other than the polyalkylene telephthalate into a depolymerization reaction tank, subjecting a part or all of the polyester fiber to a depolymerization reaction with alkylene glycol to give a depolymerization reaction liquid, and then continuously or intermittently feeding the liquid to a foreign matter-separating and removing apparatus having specified characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Teijin Fibers Limited
    Inventors: Kouji Mukai, Minoru Nakashima