Ingredient Is A Nitrogen Containing Compound Patents (Class 521/94)
  • Patent number: 10683410
    Abstract: A rubber composition capable of forming a foam such as a roller main body which has a low rubber hardness and is soft in a state in which an average cell diameter thereof is small is provided. The rubber composition includes NBR whose Mooney viscosity is 15 to 50 having a proportion being 10 parts by mass or more in 100 parts by mass of the total amount of rubber, epichlorohydrin rubber whose Mooney viscosity is 5 to 35 having a proportion being 10 parts by mass or more in 100 parts by mass of the total amount of rubber, and 10 parts by mass or less of carbon black and 7 parts by mass or less of a foaming agent with respect to 100 parts by mass of the total amount of rubber, and has a Mooney viscosity of 35 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventors: Yusuke Tanio, Keisuke Osaka
  • Patent number: 10343994
    Abstract: The invention relates to the compounds of formula I, formula II, formula III, formula IV and formula V or its pharmaceutical acceptable polymorphs, solvates, enantiomers, stereoisomers and hydrates thereof. The pharmaceutical compositions comprising an effective amount of compounds of formula I, formula II, formula III, formula IV or formula V and methods for the treatment of inflammation and pain may be formulated for oral, buccal, rectal, topical, transdermal, transmucosal, intravenous, oral solution, buccal mucosal layer tablet, parenteral administration, syrup, or injection. Such compositions may be used to treatment of pain, oral mucosal inflammatory or oral infectious diseases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Inventor: Mahesh Kandula
  • Patent number: 10253134
    Abstract: The invention concerns a new polyol composition from isopropylidenediphenol-based polyethers, which are used in an advantageous manner for the production of polyurethane-polyisocyanurate (PUR-/PIR) rigid foams, as well as their production and use in PUR/PIR rigid foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: COVESTRO DEUTSCHLAND AG
    Inventors: Hartmut Nefzger, Stephan Schleiermacher, Klaus Lorenz
  • Patent number: 8993647
    Abstract: [Objects] It is an object to provide a foam having a low specific gravity and a small compression set, more preferably a foam having a low specific gravity, a small compression set and uniform quality, a foaming composition, and applications of the foam. [Means for Solution] The foam is obtained by foaming an olefin polymer, wherein the foam has a specific gravity (d) in the range of 0.03 to 0.30, and a compression set (CS, %) and the specific gravity (d) satisfy the formula of CS??279×(d)+95. The foam is preferably obtained from a foaming composition that includes an ethylene polymer (A) including a specific ethylene/?-olefin copolymer (A1) and an ethylene/polar monomer copolymer (A2) in a specific mass ratio, and a specific ethylene/C3-20 ?-olefin/non-conjugated polyene copolymer (B).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Takayuki Kajihara, Kiminori Noda, Masayoshi Yamaguchi, Takashi Hakuta
  • Publication number: 20150065591
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a modified starch composition. The modified starch composition includes starch with a terminal siloxane having 100 parts by weight, water having 30-70 parts by weight, and a polyol having 5-35 parts by weight. The present disclosure also provides a starch composite foam material and method for preparing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Sheng-Ju LIAO, Chih-Jen CHANG, Yen-Po LIU, Shihn-Juh LIOU, Yao-Chu CHUNG, Chien-Ming CHEN
  • Publication number: 20150025162
    Abstract: An in-mold expanded molded product of the present invention includes expanded polypropylene resin particles comprising a polypropylene resin composition containing an aliphatic diethanolamine fatty acid ester and an aliphatic diethanolamine in a total content of not less than 0.1 part by weight but not greater than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of polypropylene resin and the expanded polypropylene resin particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Keishi Sato, Kiyotaka Nakayama, Toru Yoshida, Takayuki Ebina
  • Patent number: 8895634
    Abstract: A perfected process for the production of expanded plastic materials, comprising a hot molding phase of a starting polymeric blend inside a mold, wherein the heating of said blend is effected by making the same a heat source, by triggering an exothermic reaction in its interior. With respect to the known art in the field, the process of the invention allows an improvement in the heating of the polymeric mass inside the mold, reducing the times necessary for effecting it and homogenizing the thermal values inside this mass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Diab International AB
    Inventors: Leone Lauri, Eva-Lotta Magdalena Petersson, Raffaela Bressan, Samia Mariam Hamed
  • Patent number: 8853288
    Abstract: A thermoplastic resin foam, having a bubble with an average bubble diameter of 10 ?m or less in the inside thereof, in which wherein the thermoplastic resin foam is prepared by using and foaming a thermoplastic resin composition containing 0.25 to 2.5 part(s) by mass of a melt-type crystallization nucleating agent (B), with respect to 100 parts by mass of an amorphous thermoplastic resin (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Ikeda, Kojiro Inamori
  • Publication number: 20140228459
    Abstract: A vehicle tyre includes a tread formed of a heat-expandable rubber composition when in an unvulcanized state. The composition includes: from 50 to 100 phr of a copolymer based on styrene and butadiene; optionally from 0 to 50 phr of another diene elastomer, such as a polybutadiene or natural rubber; more than 50 phr of a reinforcing filler, such as silica and/or carbon black; between 5 and 25 phr of a blowing agent, such as an azodicarbonamide compound; and between 5 and 25 phr of a heat-fusible compound having a melting point between 70° C. and 150° C., such as urea or a heat-fusible urea derivative. A total content of the blowing agent and the heat-fusible compound is greater than 15 phr. Use of the composition enables, after the tyre is vulcanized, a significant reduction in noise emitted by the tyre during running.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicants: MICHELIN RECHERCHE ET TECHNIQUE S.A., COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: Nanae Shimanaka, Salvatore Pagano
  • Patent number: 8759410
    Abstract: This invention aims to provide a thermally foamable microsphere which is excellent in heat resistance, has a high expansion ratio, and shows stable foaming behavior; a method of producing the thermally foamable microsphere; and suitable use thereof. This invention provides a thermally foamable microsphere in which an outer shell encapsulating a foaming agent is formed of a copolymer having a polymethacrylimide structure. In particular, this invention provides a thermally foamable microsphere in which monomers capable of forming the polymethacrylimide structure by a copolymerization reaction are methacrylonitrile and methacrylic acid. Moreover, this invention provides a method of producing the thermally foamable microsphere and use of the thermally foamable microsphere as an additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Kureha Corporation
    Inventor: Tetsuo Ejiri
  • Publication number: 20140155505
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a masterbatch comprising a nucleating organic compound which, on changing to the solid phase, forms crystals and which in its melt phase is soluble in the molten polyethylene and polyethylene. The ingredients of this masterbatch are applied as a nucleating agent masterbatch during the production of polyethylene foam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: SABIC BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Pratip Sengupta, Roelof Franciscus Gerardus Maria de Vos, Johan Maria KRIST
  • Patent number: 8691046
    Abstract: Energy-activated room temperature-pumpable polymer compositions, devices for activating and processing the same into solid cellular or non-cellular polymeric materials that can be used as adhesives, sealants, coatings or gasket materials, and methods of making and using the same. The compositions according to the invention include solid particles that include one or more polymers, which are emulsified, dispersed or suspended in a liquid carrier together with at least one processing aid, such as a reactive blowing agent, a low molecular weight surfactant, a high molecular weight surfactant, one or more compounds found in latex paint, starch, cellulosic derived products and combinations of two or more thereof. The processing aids provide various benefits including, for example, reduced density, improved process hygiene, improved foam stability, faster bonding times and/or lower processing temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: H.B. Fuller Company
    Inventors: Michael W. Jorgenson, David J. Alessio, Samuel Dipre, Kenneth E. Heyde, Jeffrey C. Krotine, Anthony A. Parker, William C. Stumphauzer, Joseph J. Wolf
  • Patent number: 8623930
    Abstract: {Problems} The present invention is contemplated for providing a thermoplastic resin foam and a light reflecting material having a high reflectivity when being made thin, as well as a method of producing the thermoplastic resin foam. {Means to Solve} A thermoplastic resin foam, prepared by using a thermoplastic resin composition containing a melt-type crystallization nucleating agent (B) in a crystalline thermoplastic resin (A), which foam comprises a bubble having a mean bubble diameter of less than 1 ?m in the inside thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideyuki Ikeda, Minoru Saito, Kojiro Inamori
  • Patent number: 8598245
    Abstract: Methods of forming an insulating material comprising combining a polysilazane, a cross-linking compound, and a gas-generating compound to form a reaction mixture, and curing the reaction mixture to form a modified polysilazane. The gas-generating compound may be water, an alcohol, an amine, or combinations thereof. The cross-linking compound may be an isocyanate, an epoxy resin, or combinations thereof. The insulating material may include a matrix comprising one of a reaction product of a polysilazane and an isocyanate and a reaction product of a polysilazane and an epoxy resin. The matrix also comprises a plurality of interconnected pores produced from one of reaction of the polysilazane and the isocyanate and from reaction of the polysilazane and the epoxy resin. A precursor formulation that comprises a polysilazane, a cross-linking compound, and a gas-generating compound is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Alliant Techsystems Inc.
    Inventors: Robert S. Larson, Michael E. Fuller
  • Publication number: 20130274349
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an open-celled foam comprising: (a) an aqueous-based polymer dispersion, said polymer dispersion comprising a polyethylene copolymer and an ethylene-acrylic acid copolymer; and (b) from about 5% to about 15% of a foaming composition, said foaming composition comprising at least a foaming agent and a stabilizing agent; further comprising a particulate superabsorbent polymer material within the voids and pores of said open-celled foam and the method of making the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Jian Qin, Deborah Calewarts, Charles W. Colman, Jenny L. Day, Cathleen M. Uttecht
  • Patent number: 8557884
    Abstract: This invention relates to foam insulating products, particularly extruded polystyrene foam, with increasing the cell orientation and reducing cell anisotropic ratio, as well as the process method for making the products thereof for improving the insulating properties and for reducing the manufacturing cost of the foam products. Alternatively, foam insulating products having increased cell compressive strength may be made by decreasing the cell orientation and increasing the cell anisotropic ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Larry M. Miller, Raymond M. Breindel, Mitchell Z. Weekley, Thomas E. Cisar
  • Publication number: 20130267620
    Abstract: A perfected process for the production of expanded plastic materials, comprising a hot moulding phase of a starting polymeric blend inside a mould, wherein the heating of said blend is effected by making the same a heat source, by triggering an exothermic reaction in its interior. With respect to the known art in the field, the process of the invention allows an improvement in the heating of the polymeric mass inside the mould, reducing the times necessary for effecting it and homogenizing the thermal values inside this mass.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 24, 2011
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Applicant: DIAB INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Leone Lauri, Eva-Lotta Magdalena Petersson, Raffaela Bressan, Samia Mariam Hamed
  • Publication number: 20130245143
    Abstract: The invention encompasses compositions and methods for the preparation thereof, wherein the composition comprises a polymeric foam that comprise a plurality of polymeric struts having an air-foam interface, wherein a composition comprising inorganic particulate matter is disposed upon the air-foam interface, the inorganic particulate material comprising inorganic particles coated with a hydrophobic amine modifier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2013
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: Soane Labs, LLC
    Inventor: David S. Soane
  • Patent number: 8536241
    Abstract: This disclosure provides (meth)acryloyl pressure-sensitive adhesive foams and foam articles having one or more of the following properties: small cells, uniform cell sizes, pressure sensitive adhesive compositions, compliance to irregular substrates and vibration damping, and shock absorbing properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Craig E. Hamer, Ilyess H. Romdhane, Andrew Satrijo, Thomas E. Augustine, Neil J. Fischer, Michael C. Martin, Robert B. Secor, Robert D. Waid, Sharon Wang
  • Publication number: 20130210945
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cross-linked elastomer composition including: an ethylene/alpha-olefin multiblock copolymer comprising polymerized ethylene and alpha-olefin units, an elastomer including a block copolymer having at least two, identical or different, aromatic blocks which are separated by at least one elastomer block, and a cross-linkable polymer, for example, a diene elastomer. The invention also relates to a product including the composition, and to the use of such a product as a seal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Inventors: Fabrice Picot, Démosthène Sakkas, Aline Grudet
  • Publication number: 20130172434
    Abstract: Provided herein are a method for preparing a resin composition for an expandable polypropylene carbonate and an expandable polypropylene carbonate prepared therefrom. More particularly, the present invention relates to a method for preparing a resin composition for an expandable polypropylene carbonate capable of using supercritical carbon dioxide as a foaming agent and preparing a foam having excellent moldability by an appropriate foaming method, and an expandable polypropylene carbonate prepared therefrom. The expandable polypropylene carbonate capable of having high magnification, excellent thermal stability, and dimensional stability may be prepared by using the resin composition according to the present invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicants: SK GLOBAL CHEMICAL CO., LTD., SK INNOVATION CO., LTD.
    Inventors: SK INNOVATION CO., LTD., SK GLOBAL CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
  • Publication number: 20130158143
    Abstract: A thermoplastic resin foam, having a bubble with an average bubble diameter of 10 ?m or less in the inside thereof, in which wherein the thermoplastic resin foam is prepared by using and foaming a thermoplastic resin composition containing 0.25 to 2.5 part(s) by mass of a melt-type crystallization nucleating agent (B), with respect to 100 parts by mass of an amorphous thermoplastic resin (A).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
    Inventor: FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
  • Publication number: 20130116353
    Abstract: Disclosed is a porous plastic resin composition including a polypropylene-based resin, a polyamide-based resin, or an alloy resin made by alloying the two resins to each other with a compatibilizer, reinforced with an inorganic filler or a short glass fiber, and further including a porous inorganic filler and a special inorganic low blowing agent. When the disclosed porous plastic resin composition is used to make an intake housing part, it reduces the weight and cost of an automobile intake housing part.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Applicants: KOPLA CO., LTD., HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
    Inventors: Young Hak Jang, Je Hui Jun, Hee-Sok Chang
  • Publication number: 20130079428
    Abstract: Methods for making foamed adhesive compositions suitable for use in adhesive dressings for topical application to the body, the method including providing a molten adhesive composition, combining an inert gas with the molten adhesive composition in a first mixer, mixing the molten adhesive composition comprising the inert gas in the first mixer under conditions effective to form a first foamed adhesive composition; and mixing the first foamed adhesive composition in a second mixer that includes a rotating mixing blade under conditions effective to provide a second foamed adhesive composition having a substantially homogenous distribution of closed cells containing the inert gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Erik LUNDE, Bharat D. PATEL, Ravi PATEL
  • Publication number: 20130058858
    Abstract: A method for producing a porous body containing polyacrylonitrile as a main component, and the method includes the steps of obtaining a polyacrylonitrile solution by heating and dissolving the polyacrylonitrile in a solvent, obtaining a product precipitated by cooling the polyacrylonitrile solution, and obtaining the porous body containing the polyacrylonitrile as a main component by separating and drying the product. The solvent contains a poor solvent for the polyacrylonitrile and a good solvent for the polyacrylonitrile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2011
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Applicant: OSAKA UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Hiroshi Uyama, Takashi Tsujimoto, Keisuke Okada, Tatsuya Oka
  • Patent number: 8323837
    Abstract: Provided is a porous film comprising a heat-resistant resin and two or more fillers, wherein a value of D2/D1 is 0.15 or less where among values each obtained by measuring the average particle diameter of particles that constitute one of the two or more fillers, the largest value is let be D1 and the second largest value is let be D2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Yasunori Nishida, Yasuo Shinohara, Hiroyuki Sato
  • Publication number: 20120252915
    Abstract: A tyre is formed of a tread that includes, in the unvulcanized state, a heat-expandable rubber composition. The rubber composition includes at least a diene elastomer, 70 to 120 phr of a reinforcing filler, between 5 and 25 phr of a blowing agent, and between 5 and 25 phr of a thermofusible compound. The melting point of the thermofusible compound is between 70° C. and 150° C. and the total amount of the blowing agent and the thermofusible compound is greater than 15 phr. The rubber composition provides improved grip for the tread on melting ice.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2010
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicants: MICHELIN RECHERCHE ET TECHNIQUE S.A., CAMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: Masayuki Maesaka, Salvatore Chiyoda-ku
  • Patent number: 8263673
    Abstract: The present invention provides a closed-cell foamed rubber sheet whose sealability is less likely to decrease even after long-time use and which has excellent water resistance. The closed-cell foamed rubber sheet of the present invention comprises a rubber-based resin, and is provided by the steps of: providing a foamable resin composition containing the rubber-based resin and a foaming agent; irradiating the foamable resin composition with ionizing radiation to cross-link the foamable resin composition; and foaming the cross-linked foamable resin composition. In the case where the foamable resin composition further contains 0.5 parts by weight or more of a powdery additive other than the foaming agent per 100 parts by weight of the rubber-based resin, the rubber-based resin preferably contains a rubber-based resin ingredient which is in a liquid state at normal temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Sekisui Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shunji Hyoudou, Kouichi Adachi, Takao Suzuki, Kentarou Nezu
  • Patent number: 8227547
    Abstract: This invention relates to a foamable blend comprising an in-reactor polymer blend comprising: (a) a first propylene polymer component comprising 90 to 100 wt % propylene and from 0 to less than 10 wt % comonomer, said first propylene component having a Tm of 120° C. or more; and (b) a second propylene polymer component comprising from 30 to 90 wt % propylene and 70 to 10 wt % comonomer, said second propylene polymer having an Mw of 30,000 g/mol or more, and said second propylene-containing polymer having a crystallinity different by at least 5% from the first polymer, wherein the polymer blend, prior to combination with a foaming agent, has: (i) a Tm of at least 120° C.; (ii) a MFR of 10 dg/min or more; (iii) a tensile strength of at least 8 MPa; (iv) an elongation at break of at least 200%, and (v) a ratio of elongational viscosity at break to linear viscosity of 5 or more when the elongational viscosity is measured at a strain rate of 1 sec?1 and temperature of 180° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Peijun Jiang, Abdelhadi Sahnoune, Armenag Dekmezian
  • Patent number: 8193256
    Abstract: An epoxy resin mixture with at least one epoxy resin of between approximately 50 wt % and 100 wt %, an anhydride cure agent of between approximately 0 wt % and approximately 50 wt %, a tert-butoxycarbonyl anhydride foaming agent of between proximately 0.1-20 wt %, a surfactant and an imidazole or similar catalyst of less than approximately 2 wt %, where the resin mixture is formed from at least one epoxy resin with a 1-10 wt % tert-butoxycarbonyl anhydride compound and an imidazole catalyst at a temperature sufficient to keep the resin in a suitable viscosity range, the resin mixture reacting to form a foaming resin which in the presence of an epoxy curative can then be cured at a temperature greater than 50° C. to form an epoxy foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2012
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventor: Mathias Celina
  • Publication number: 20120108689
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for forming a porous poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) scaffold using a pore-forming agent, and more particularly, to a process for forming a porous PVA scaffold using a pore-forming agent, comprising: mixing PVA with the pore-forming agent to form micropores in the PVA scaffold and using an easily decomposable pore-forming agent after the formation of the pores to improve convenience and reduce the processing time in manufacturing the porous PVA scaffold as well as to enable a pore size and porosity to be selected. A process for forming a porous PVA scaffold using a pore-forming agent according to the present invention includes heating to melt the PVA, cooling the melted PVA and mixing the PVA with a heat-decomposable pore-forming agent, repeating the freezing/thawing of the mixed PVA to cure the PVA mixture, and stirring the cured PVA mixture with a hydrochloric acid solution at a high temperature of 65° C. or more to produce foam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2010
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Applicant: KOREA BONE BANK CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Young-Bock Shim, Hong-Hee Jung, Yon-Rak Choi, Jui-Woong Jang
  • Patent number: 8158690
    Abstract: The invention relates to an active ingredient composition which has a high content in thermosensitive foaming agents and one or more polyolefin resins, the portion which is larger in quantity being a metallocene and optionally the remaining resins being polar or nonpolar nonmetallocene polyolefin resins. All polyolefin resins add up to at least 10% by weight of the formulation and have a melting point between 80 and 170° C. The reduced dust active ingredient composition according to the invention is used for the masterbatch production of foamed plastics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventors: Reinhold Kling, Jan-Erik Wegner
  • Patent number: 8135328
    Abstract: A cleaning blade is provided which does not cause contamination of other parts even when being stored for a long period of time in a high temperature and high humidity environment. The cleaning blade is set in an image forming apparatus employing an electrostatic transfer process, including a blade member and a support member to rub and remove residual toner remaining on a photosensitive drum provided to the image forming apparatus, in which the total amount of nitrogen-containing compounds extracted with methanol from the cleaning blade is 12 ?g or less per cm of the cleaning blade in its longitudinal direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Canon Kasei Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kenichi Mochizuki, Shoji Inoue, Taku Hatanaka
  • Patent number: 8097274
    Abstract: Provided herein are skin substitutes suitable for use in a living subject for purpose of repairing damaged tissues, methods of producing the skin substitutes and their uses. A biocomposite membrane comprising poly(?-caprolactone) (PCL) and at least one material selected from collagen and gelatin is provided. In one embodiment, the biocomposite is a 2-component membrane of PCL and gelatin. In another embodiment, the biocomposite is a 3-component membrane of PCL, collagen and gelatin. The bio-composite membrane may be used directly in vivo as a wound dressing, or as a support for cell growth on each side of the membrane to produce an in vitro cultivated artificial skin for future in vivo and/or in vitro applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: National Defense Medical Center
    Inventors: Allan Gerald Arthur Coombes, Eric Frank Adams, Niann-Tzyy Dai, Tsung-Hsun Liu, Ming-Kung Yeh
  • Publication number: 20120010307
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition and process for producing expandable beads from a compostable or biobased thermoplastic polymer. A key aspect of this invention is the ability to incorporate sufficient amounts of hydrocarbon blowing agent into the matrix of the compostable or biobased polymer. The following process may be used. First, the raw materials of compostable or biobased polymers, hydrophobic additive, and other additives are mixed by melt processing techniques. Next, a hydrocarbon blowing agent is added to the admixture, either by addition into the melt or by impregnation into the solid, to produce an expandable bead. Small, lightweight, foamed beads are produced by heating the expandable bead. Then, the expanded beads are subsequently used in conventional operations for molding into foamed articles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Publication date: January 12, 2012
    Applicant: Lifoam Industries
    Inventors: Adam R. Pawloski, Jeffrey J. Cernohous, Kent Kaske
  • Publication number: 20110313069
    Abstract: In a flame-retarded foamable styrene-based resin composition comprising a bromine-containing flame retardant, the flame retardant is a mixture of (a) an organic bromine-containing compound having a 2,3-dibromopropyl group or an organic bromine-containing compound having a bromine content of greater than 60 wt % in which all bromine atoms are attached to a benzene ring, and (b) an organic bromine compound having a 2,3-dibromo-2-alkylpropyl group. The composition comprises this mixture in amount from 0.5 to 10 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the styrene-based resin. The composition exhibits high flame retardant and heat stabilizing effects yet allowing recycling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2011
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Inventors: Hideaki Onishi, HIsanori Semori, Masashi Asaoka
  • Patent number: 8013030
    Abstract: A process for the production of a moulding composed of foamed polytetrafluoroethylene by means of an extruder, includes introducing a foaming agent, which brings about foaming, into the polytetrafluoro-ethylene, where the extruder used includes a commercially available extruder, to which a thermoplastically processable, fusible polytetrafluoroethylene is fed, the polytetrafluoroethylene is fed to the extruder together with a foaming agent which has chemical action and which has a decomposition temperature of at least 320° C., and after its discharge from the extruder, the moulding is drawn off in the direction of production without any further measures relating to the foaming procedure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2011
    Assignee: Nexans
    Inventors: Susanne Brix, Friedrich Müller, Christian Lankes, Alfred Gemmel, Olivier Pinto, Mikael Abeguile, Jérôme Alric, Thierry Auvray, Paul Kroushl
  • Publication number: 20110196055
    Abstract: A process for preparing a cavity-filling, fast-gelling closed cell rigid polyurethane foam comprises preparing a formulation including at least a polyisocyanate, a relatively high viscosity polyol system including at least about 10 percent by weight of an amine-initiated polyol, a physical blowing agent, a blowing catalyst and a curing catalyst, and, optionally, less than about 1.6 weight percent of water based on the polyol system. Other conventional components, such as a chain extender and/or crosslinker, surfactant, and the like may also be included. The formulation is injected under a reduced atmospheric pressure to achieve a closed cell, rigid polyurethane foam having a density of less than about 40 kg/m3, an average cell diameter of less than about 250 microns, and a thermal conductivity of less than about 19 mW/mK at 10° C. average plate temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 20, 2009
    Publication date: August 11, 2011
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Hans Kramer, Vanni Parenti
  • Publication number: 20110189484
    Abstract: A porous polybenzimidazole (PBI) particulate resin is disclosed. This resin is easily dissolved at ambient temperatures and pressures. The resin is made by: dissolving a virgin PBI resin in a highly polar solvent; precipitating the dissolved PBI in a bath; and drying the precipitated PBI, the dried precipitated PBI being porous. The porous PBI resin may be dissolved by: mixing a porous PBI resin with a highly polar solvent at ambient temperatures and pressures to form a solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2011
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Inventors: John B. Hopkins, JR., Karin M. Hudson, Gregory S. Copeland, Michael Gruender
  • Publication number: 20110172321
    Abstract: The invention relates to innovative viscosity stabilizers for hotmelts, to melt-viscosity-stable hotmelts comprising these viscosity stabilizers, to a process for preparing them and to their use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: RHEIN CHEMIE RHEINAU GmbH
    Inventors: Wilhelm Laufer, Bernd Kray, Peter Schuster, Christian Scheffner, Serdar Uestuenbas, Marc Leimenstoll, Peter Reichert, Eduard Mayer, Matthias Wintermantel
  • Publication number: 20110152392
    Abstract: The invention provides polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for the preparation thereof. More particularly, the invention relates to closed-celled, polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams and methods for their preparation. The foams are characterized by a fine uniform cell structure and little or no foam collapse. The foams are produced with a polyol premix composition which comprises a combination of a hydrohaloolefin blowing agent, a polyol, a silicone surfactant, and a non-amine catalyst used alone or in combination with an amine catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: MICHAEL VAN DER PUY, DAVID John WILLIAMS, CLIFFORD P. GITTERE
  • Publication number: 20110120645
    Abstract: Energy-activated room temperature-pumpable polymer compositions, devices for activating and processing the same into solid cellular or non-cellular polymeric materials that can be used as adhesives, sealants, coatings or gasket materials, and methods of making and using the same. The compositions according to the invention include solid particles that include one or more polymers, which are emulsified, dispersed or suspended in a liquid carrier together with at least one processing aid, such as a reactive blowing agent, a low molecular weight surfactant, a high molecular weight surfactant, one or more compounds found in latex paint, starch, cellulosic derived products and combinations of two or more thereof. The processing aids provide various benefits including, for example, reduced density, improved process hygiene, improved foam stability, faster bonding times and/or lower processing temperatures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: LIQUAMELT CORP.
    Inventors: Michael W. Jorgenson, David J. Alessio, Samuel Dipre, Kenneth E. Heyde, Jeffrey C. Krotine, JR., Anthony A. Parker, William C. Stumphauzer, Joseph J. Wolf
  • Patent number: 7906561
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a process for producing a cross-linked polyolefin foam in a continuous process using standard processing equipment without using a moisture cross-linking step after processing. In this method, a vinyl functional silane compound is melt grafted onto a low density polyethylene in the presence of a free radical generator. The resulting silane grafted polyethylene resin is mixed and melted with a blowing agent in a continuous process in the presence of water to form a vinyl functional silane foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Ingenia Polymers, Inc.
    Inventors: Jianzhong Hu, Salvatore D'Uva, Arthur Tinson
  • Patent number: 7879922
    Abstract: Expanded products, more specifically, rigid or semi-flexible foams of low density from 1.5 to 12 lbs/ft3 or more, with closed cells can be manufactured. The products have a PVC backbone with branches with methacrylate crosslinked with isocyanate through a reaction activated by ultraviolet or microwave radiation. The use of polyfunctional monomers that are sensitive to irradiation yields a higher cross-link density, which improves the physical and mechanical properties such as hardness, resistance to abrasion, ductility, and resistance to friction. The selection of monomers and oligomers allows the manufacturer to determine of the final properties of the foam. The process yields foams with extreme hardness and better shear factors making the foam an ideal product for aerospace and windmill use. These physical properties emerge during the post-curing process, preferably by use of compounds based on methacrylates in dispersion with PVC and isocyanates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: PolyuMAC Inc.
    Inventor: Juan Miguel Vazquez
  • Publication number: 20110009512
    Abstract: A tertiary amine, such as a tertiary amine catalyst that is useful in the production of polyurethanes, may undergo decomposition, which may result in the production of undesirable products. These tertiary amines, however, may be treated with a primary amine containing material to reduce the presence of the undesirable products to an acceptable level. Thus, a foam made from a treated tertiary amine will also have a reduction in the presence of the same undesirable products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Applicant: Huntsman Petrochemical LLC
    Inventors: Robert A. Grigsby, JR., Ernest L. Rister, JR., Wei-Yang Su, Eugene P. Wiltz, JR., Robert B. Moore
  • Patent number: 7842735
    Abstract: Described is a process for making closed cell fluoropolymer foam, and the foam so made. The process includes subjecting a fluoropolymer resin an inert gas at a pressure higher than atmospheric to drive gas into the resin, raising the temperature of the resin to or above its softening point, and reducing the pressure while maintaining the temperature at or above the softening point of the resin, in order to expand the resin to result in closed cell fluoropolymer foam. The resin is cross-linked prior to expansion. The resulting foams can be used in various applications, such as in flotation devices and for making thermal and/or acoustic insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2010
    Assignee: Zotefoams PLC
    Inventors: Paul Jacobs, Roger Lock, Neil Witten, Michael Werth, Ramin Amin-Sanayei
  • Publication number: 20100234480
    Abstract: It is an open-cell foam based on a melamine-formaldehyde condensation product and hydrophobicized with a compound comprising C6-C20-alkyl groups, in particular stearyl groups, such as aluminum stearate or stearyl isocyanate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2007
    Publication date: September 16, 2010
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Klaus Hahn, Vath Bernhard, Armin Alteheld, Christof Möck, Horst Baumgartl
  • Publication number: 20100196641
    Abstract: The invention is directed to polyethylene foam based on a blend comprising 95.5-99.5% by weight low density polyethylene and 0.5-4.5% by weight high density polyethylene and a nucleating agent. The invention is also directed to a process for physical foaming of a blend comprising 95.5-99.5% by weight low density polyethylene and 0.5-4.5% by weight high density polyethylene in the presence of a physical blowing agent and a nucleating agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2008
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Roelof Franciscus Gerardus Maria De Vos, Pratip Sengupta, Johan Maria Krist, Hendrikus Pieter Ruinaard
  • Patent number: 7767725
    Abstract: A foaming composition comprising a melt processible fluoropolymer, and a chemical foaming agent, where the chemical foaming agent is ammonium polyphosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Nexans
    Inventors: Susanne Brix, Friedrich Müller, Christian Lankes, Alfred Gemmel, Olivier Pinto, Mikael Abeguile, Jérôme Alric, Thierry Auvray, Paul Kroushl
  • Patent number: RE44682
    Abstract: Described is a process for making closed cell fluoropolymer foam, and the foam so made. The process includes subjecting a fluoropolymer resin an inert gas at a pressure higher than atmospheric to drive gas into the resin, raising the temperature of the resin to or above its softening point, and reducing the pressure while maintaining the temperature at or above the softening point of the resin, in order to expand the resin to result in closed cell fluoropolymer foam. The resin is cross-linked prior to expansion. The resulting foams can be used in various applications, such as in flotation devices and for making thermal and/or acoustic insulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Zotefoams PLC
    Inventors: Paul M. Jacobs, Roger Lock, Neil Witten, Michael Werth, Ramin Amin-Sanayei