Reacting An Ethylenic Monomer In The Presence Of A Solid Polymer Patents (Class 522/85)
  • Patent number: 9631116
    Abstract: A radiation curable aqueous coating composition having a 85° gloss of ?60 upon drying comprising (A) 10 to 99 wt % of a polyurethane, (B) 1 to 90 wt % of a radiation curable component; (C) 0.1 to 10 wt % of an associative thickener; wherein at least 80 wt % of (A)+(B)+(C) has a particle size greater than 500 nm and wherein the C?C bond concentration of the composition is 0.2 to 5.0 mmol per g of (A)+(B)+(C).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Ilse Van Casteren, Roland Tennebroek, Mario Cornelis Schoondermark, Paul De Kok
  • Patent number: 8933146
    Abstract: The present invention describes the preparation of an aqueous polyurethane dispersion which is cured by radiation, and its use as binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Stefan Sommer, Richard Kopp, Harald Blum, Christoph Irle, Jan Weikard, Erhard Luehmann
  • Patent number: 8932687
    Abstract: A process for producing a molded printed material is provided that includes (A) a step of forming an image on a support by an inkjet method using an ink composition comprising a polymerizable monomer, a colorant, and a polymerization initiator, (B) a step of forming a surface coating layer on the image by an inkjet method using a liquid composition comprising a polymerizable monomer and a polymerization initiator and comprising substantially no colorant, (C) a step of curing the image by irradiation with actinic radiation, (D) a step of curing the surface coating layer by irradiation with actinic radiation so as to obtain a printed material having the image and the surface coating layer cured on the support, and (E) a step of molding the printed material. There is also provided a molded printed material obtained by the process for producing a molded printed material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Yuuichi Hayata
  • Patent number: 8642673
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of alkoxysilane components in the presence of acid-generating photoinitiators in radiation-curable, free-radically crosslinkable formulations which in the cured state offer a particular degree of corrosion control for metallic substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventor: Emmanouil Spyrou
  • Patent number: 8618332
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of the powdery crystalline mixtures of alpha-hydroxycarbonyl derivatives of alpha-methylstyrene dinners comprising the use of a solvent having polarity from 0 to 0.1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Lamberti SpA
    Inventors: Giuseppe Li Bassi, Gabriele Norcini, Leonardo Federici
  • Patent number: 8530538
    Abstract: An ultraviolet hardenable ink composition excelling in the wetting characteristic (repellence prevention) of ink having impacted a recording medium. There is provided an ultraviolet hardenable ink composition characterized by containing a polyester-modified polydimethylsiloxane as a surfactant in an amount of 0.01 to 1% based on the ultraviolet hardenable ink. Preferably, at least allyl glycol and/or a N-vinyl compound is contained as a polymerizable compound. Incorporation of the polyester-modified polydimethylsiloxane in the surfactant has realized enhancing of the wetting characteristic on all nonabsorptive material surfaces and avoiding of ink repellence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventors: Keitaro Nakano, Takashi Oyanagi
  • Patent number: 8389591
    Abstract: A coating composition includes a UV curable film forming resin; a thixotropic and/or pseudoplastic anti-settling agent selected from at least one of an amine salt of a synthetic wax, a microcrystalline cellulose compound (MCC), a urea urethane, or a urethane enzymatically modified starch; a mar/scratch resistant additive selected from at least one of a mineral abrasive, glass particles, and ceramic particles; and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Valspar Sourcing, Inc.
    Inventor: James Madison Bohannon
  • Patent number: 8378003
    Abstract: Provided are substantially flat membranes that include a block or graft co-polymer and a water transport protein, such as Aquaporin-Z, or a synthetic mimic of such proteins. Also provided are methods of removing contaminants from a liquid, by contacting the liquid with a substantially flat membrane that includes a block or graft co-polymer and a water transport protein or synthetic mimic thereof. Also provided are methods of making such membranes. Further provided are compositions that include at least one active ingredient and vesicles surrounding the active ingredient, where the vesicles include a block or graft copolymer and a water transport protein or synthetic mimic surrounding the active ingredient. Also provided are methods that include administering such compositions to patients.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Kumar Manish, Clark Mark, Zilles L. Julie, Mariusz Grzelakowski, Rainer Nehring, WolfGang Meier
  • Patent number: 8362102
    Abstract: A single phase aqueous curable composition suitable for thermal inkjet printing comprises a mixture of curable materials, water in amounts in the range 10 to 30% of the weight of the compositions, and one or more co-solvents for the curable materials. Because the water content is relatively low, a drying step is not required before curing, increasing printing speeds. The composition has good performance and has good adhesion to a wide range of substrates including non-porous and semi-porous materials as well as porous materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Xennia Technology Limited
    Inventors: Natasha Jeremic, Shaun Christopher Hazlewood
  • Patent number: 8232353
    Abstract: A polymer film substrate is irradiated with ions to make a large number of nano-sized through-holes and the substrate may be further irradiated with ionizing radiation so that a functional monomer may be grafted or co-grafted onto a surface of the film and within the holes; in addition, sulfonic acid group(s) may be introduced into the graft chains to produce a polymer ion-exchange membrane that may have high oxidation resistance, dimensional stability, electrical conductivity and/or methanol resistance, as well as may have an ion-exchange capacity controlled over a wide range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2012
    Assignee: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Masaru Yoshida, Tetsuya Yamaki, Masaharu Asano, Yosuke Morita
  • Patent number: 8211508
    Abstract: A process for producing a molded printed material is provided that includes (A) a step of forming an image by discharging an ink composition on a support by an inkjet method, the ink composition comprising at least 60 wt % relative to the entire ink composition of at least one monofunctional radically polymerizable monomer having only one unsaturated double bond group selected from the group consisting of an acrylate group, a methacrylate group, an acrylamide group, a methacrylamide group, and an N-vinyl group and having at least one cyclic structure-containing group, (B) a step of curing the ink composition by irradiating with actinic radiation the image obtained so as to obtain a printed material having the image cured on the support, and (C) a step of molding the printed material. There is also provided a molded printed material obtained by the process for producing a molded printed material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Yuuichi Hayata
  • Patent number: 8114920
    Abstract: The UV-curable aqueous coating composition is characterized by using a UV-curable aqueous emulsion obtained by urethane reaction with a mixture including a poly-carbonate polyol or polyester polyol; an isocyanate compound; a urethane-reactive carboxylic acid; a UV-curable acrylic oligomer having 2 to 9 functional acrylate groups; a UV-curable acrylic monomer; and a urethane-reactive acrylate without an organic solvent. The aqueous composition provides good environmental acceptability and satisfactory film properties comparable to those of the prior oily UV-curable coating composition and, therefore, it is useful for coating various plastics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2012
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel Coatings International B.V.
    Inventors: Dong Soo Kim, Tae Yun Jeong, Su Dong Hong, Jung Hyun Oh
  • Patent number: 8030369
    Abstract: The invention relates to a biomedical molding, in particular a contact lens, which is obtainable by crosslinking, in a mold, an aqueous solution of a crosslinkable polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) prepolymer comprising at least 0.5 weight-%, based on the entire formulation, of a non-reactive PVA, wherein the number-average molecular weight of the non-reactive PVA is higher than that of the crosslinkable PVA. A contact lens of the invention has an improved wearing comfort.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventor: Lynn Cook Winterton
  • Patent number: 8022112
    Abstract: A plasticized ceramic-forming mixture and a method for stiffening the mixture, the mixture comprising a combination of inorganic powder, one or more plasticizing organic binders, a radiation-curable monomer, a photoinitiator, and water, and the method comprising stiffening the surfaces of extruded shapes of the mixture by applying electromagnetic energy to the surfaces following extrusion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Michelle Dawn Fabian, Edward John Fewkes, Kevin Robert McCarthy
  • Patent number: 7989032
    Abstract: A composition comprising a polyanion and a polymer or copolymer of a substituted or unsubstituted thiophene as a solution or as a dispersion in a liquid medium and at least one compound with at least two vinyl groups, wherein said liquid medium comprises at least one non-aqueous solvent and has less than 30% by weight of water; and said composition comprises more than 0.1% by weight of the polymer or copolymer of a substituted or unsubstituted thiophene and is capable of UV-photopolymerization due to said composition comprising at least one vinyl-compound capable of initiating UV-photopolymerization and/or at least one UV-photoinitiator; an ink with the composition of the composition; a process for preparing the composition; a process for producing a layer or pattern on an object with the composition; and a layer, pattern or print produced therewith.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Agfa Gevaert
    Inventors: Frank Louwet, Louis Bollens
  • Publication number: 20110160689
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a High Internal Phase Emulsion (HIPE) and HIPE foams produced therefrom comprising two or more layers and having a photoinitiator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Publication date: June 30, 2011
    Inventors: Steven Ray Merrigan, Thomas Allen Desmarais
  • Patent number: 7968618
    Abstract: A one-component self-etching self-priming dental adhesive composition is disclosed. The composition comprises glycerol phosphate di(meth)acrylate monomer, at least one mono-functional polymerizable monomer having just one ethylenically unsaturated group, at least one multi-functional polymerizable monomer having at least two ethylenically unsaturated groups, at least one aprotic solvent, at least one protic solvent, and at least one polymerization initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Kerr Corporation
    Inventors: Xiangxu Chen, Xuejun Qian
  • Patent number: 7943067
    Abstract: The present invention includes a method for preparing polymer hydrogel spherical particles on a nanometer scale (nanogels). The method includes encapsulating hydrogel-forming components into liposomes, diluting the large unilamellar liposomes suspension to prevent polymerization outside the liposomes, and polymerizing the encapsulated hydrogel-forming components. The lipid bilayer may be solubilized with detergent. The phospholipid and detergent molecules and their micelles may then be removed by dialysis. The resulting nanogels may then be dried by evaporation in a temperature gradient. Poly(acrylamide), poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-1-vinylimidazole) hydrogel particles with a diameter from 30 to 300 nm were detected and characterized by dynamic light scattering technique. The solvent, temperature, pH, and ionic sensitivities of the nanogels were studied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2011
    Assignee: Polytechnic Institute of New York University
    Inventors: Sergey Kazakov, Marian Kaholek, Kalle Levon
  • Patent number: 7919038
    Abstract: A method of surface treating particulate materials with electromagnetic radiation that is carried out with a so-called roll reactor comprising a rotating roll and an irradiation source. Radical former molecules can be applied on the surface of superabsorbent polymer particles, which are fed onto the surface of the roll and irradiated while moved with the rotating roll. The irradiation source is provided such that the radiation is able to reach at least part of the particulate material that has been fed onto the surface of the roll.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Torsten Lindner, Aleksey Mikhailovich Pinyayev, Andrew Julian Wnuk
  • Patent number: 7893125
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of forming a crosslinked polymer gel, to a polymer gel produced by such method and to uses of such polymer gel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: Sony Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Gabriele Nelles, Silvia Rosselli, Tzenka Miteva, Akio Yasuda, Christo Tsvetanov, Rayna Stamenova, Iliyana Berlinova, Petar Petrov
  • Patent number: 7883648
    Abstract: Lipobeads (liposome-encapsulated hydrogels) combine properties of hydrogels and liposomes to create systems that are sensitive to environmental conditions and respond to changes in those conditions in a fast time scale. Lipobeads may be produced by polymerizing anchored or unanchored hydrogels within liposomes or by mixing anchored or unanchored hydrogels with liposomes. Giant lipobeads may be produced by shrinking unanchored nanogels in lipobeads and fusing the resulting lipobead aggregates, long-term aging of anchored or unanchored lipobeads, or mixing anchored or unanchored aggregated nanogels with liposomes. Poly(acrylamide), poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-1-vinylimidazole) lipobeads were produced and characterized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2011
    Assignee: Polytechnic Institute of New York University
    Inventors: Sergey Kazakov, Marian Kaholek, Kalle Levon
  • Patent number: 7879923
    Abstract: This invention is to provide a method for surface-treatment of a water absorbent resin excelling in water absorption properties. This invention relates to a method for the surface-treatment of a water absorbent resin, which comprises: a) mixing 100 parts by weight of a water absorbent resin, 0.01-20 parts by weight of at least one radical polymerization initiator selected from the group consisting of persulfates, hydrogen peroxide, and azo compounds, and a radically polymerizing compound and b) irradiating the resultant mixture with active energy rays. The treatment particularly exalts the absorption ratio against pressure and the saline flow conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Makoto Matsumoto, Yoshiro Mitsukami, Hiroyuki Ikeuchi, Kazushi Torii, Taku Iwamura
  • Patent number: 7858669
    Abstract: There is provided a novel composition for an alignment film having excellent adhesiveness to a liquid crystal layer as well as to a substrate when a cycloolefin-based aligned film (COP) is used as the substrate instead of triacetyl cellulose (TAC) that is used as a conventional substrate for an optical film whose optical properties are significantly deteriorated when it is used under hot and humid environments. The composition for an alignment film that is used for splay alignment includes polyvinyl alcohol (PVA); 13 to 25% by weight of an aery late monomer based on the weight of the polyvinyl alcohol; 20 to 30 % by weight of a compatibilizing agent based on the weight of the acrylate monomer; and 10 to 50% by weight of an aqueous photo initiator based on the weight of the acrylate monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2010
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Du-Hyun Shin, Hyuk Yoon, Moon-Soo Park
  • Patent number: 7820729
    Abstract: A process for preparing functionalised microporous polymers (which are also known as micro-cellular polymers or polyHIPE polymers (PHPs)) using intensified internal heating (for example by microwave irradiation).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2010
    Assignee: University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, c/o School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials
    Inventors: Galip Akay, Zainura Zainon Noor, Omer Faruk Calkan, Teresa Manguangua Ndlovu, David Robert Burke
  • Patent number: 7816417
    Abstract: A water soluble photo-curable antistatic resin compound has developed to improve the wear resistance and high transparency comprising: 5˜15 wt % of fine conductive particles containing carbon nanotubes, 0.1˜5 wt % of fumed silica, 10˜20 wt % of water soluble acrylate based oligomer, 20˜75 wt % of mono-functional monomer or multi-functional monomer, 0.1˜5 wt % of photo-polymerization initiator, 0.1˜5 wt % of additive including at least one selected from a group consisting of adhesion enhancer, dispersing agent, defoaming agent, leveling agent; and 50˜150 parts by weight of pure water relative to the total 100 weight of the above ingredients. The water soluble photo-curable antistatic resin compound is coated to the conductive hard tile having double-layer lamination, such as a general rubber or PVC to improve the wear resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Inventor: Chae-Ho Kim
  • Patent number: 7767381
    Abstract: This invention relates to a photosensitive composition characterized by comprising components A, B and C, and a photosensitive film and a stencil for screen printing using the photosensitive composition; Component A: a poly(vinyl alcohol) polymer represented by formula (1) or (2) wherein R1 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl or aralkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, wherein the alkyl and aralkyl groups may be substituted by a hydroxyl or carbamoyl group and the bond between carbon atoms thereof may be present through an oxygen atom or an unsaturated bond; R2 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; m is an integer of 1 to 6; n is 0 or 1; and X? represents a halogen ion, a phosphate ion, a methosulfate ion, or a sulfonate ion, or a mixture of the anions; component B: a radical polymerizable monomer containing at least one ethylenically unsaturated bond and possesses an anion dissociating capability; and component C: a radical photoinitiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Murakami Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kunihiro Ichimura, Junichi Kawanobe, Chieko Hotta, Eri Nagabuchi
  • Patent number: 7767731
    Abstract: A one-component self-etching self-priming dental adhesive composition is disclosed. The composition comprises glycerol phosphate di(meth)acrylate monomer, at least one mono-functional polymerizable monomer having just one ethylenically unsaturated group, at least one multi-functional polymerizable monomer having at least two ethylenically unsaturated groups, at least one aprotic solvent, at least one protic solvent, and at least one polymerization initiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Kerr Corporation
    Inventors: Xiangxu Chen, Xuejun Qian
  • Publication number: 20100144915
    Abstract: A radiation curable aqueous coating composition having a 85° gloss of ?60 upon drying comprising (A) 10 to 99 wt % of a polyurethane, (B) 1 to 90 wt % of a radiation curable component; (C) 0.1 to 10 wt % of an associative thickener; wherein at least 80 wt % of (A)+(B)+(C) has a particle size greater than 500 nm and wherein the C?C bond concentration of the composition is 0.2 to 5.0 mmol per g of (A)+(B)+(C).
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2008
    Publication date: June 10, 2010
    Inventors: Ilse Van Casteren, Roland Tennebroek, Mario Cornelis Schoondermark, Paul De Kok
  • Patent number: 7696401
    Abstract: An absorbent material formed at least in part of a cross-linked polymer. The absorbent material has a centrifuge retention capacity as determined by a Centrifuge Retention Capacity Test of at least about 20 g/g and a gel bed permeability under load as determined by a Gel Bed Permeability Under Load Test of at least about 300×10?9 cm2 or a free swell gel bed permeability as determined by a Free Swell Gel Bed Permeability Test of at least about 2,500×10?9 cm2. The cross-linked polymer may comprise either at least about 75 weight percent anionic polymer or at least about 75 weight percent cationic polymer. In one embodiment, the cross-linked polymer is surface treated with a water soluble non-cross-linked polymer having a potential for becoming charged opposite that of the cross-linked polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Evonik Stockhausen, Inc.
    Inventors: Jian Qin, Xiaomin Zhang, Debra Ann Miller
  • Patent number: 7687551
    Abstract: Adhesive compositions useful for laminating cellulosic substrates are formulated using an aqueous emulsion of a vinyl ester polymer such as polyvinyl acetate, one or more monomers or oligomers functionalized with (meth)acrylate groups, and a photoinitiator. The adhesive is cured by drying and exposing the adhesive to UV or visible light and is particularly useful for attaching clear films to cellulosic substrates such as paper and boxboard (e.g., in the manufacture of envelopes or folding cartons having windows).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander P. Mgaya, Balasubramaniam Ramalingam
  • Patent number: 7659324
    Abstract: Dental materials which contain a radically polymerizable organic binder, at least one radical polymerization initiator and at least one radical polymerization accelerator, both the initiator and the accelerator each having at least one radically polymerizable group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Ivoclar Vivadent AG
    Inventors: Norbert Moszner, Urs Karl Fischer, Peter Burtscher, Jörg Angermann, Volker M. Rheinberger
  • Patent number: 7649026
    Abstract: Radiation curable compositions, such as UV curable ink compositions, contain a polymeric dispersant, a curable material, and a nanoscale pigment particle composition including an organic monoazo laked pigment including at least one functional moiety, and a sterically bulky stabilizer compound including at least one functional group, wherein the functional moiety of the pigment associates non-covalently with the functional group of the stabilizer; and the presence of the associated stabilizer limits the extent of particle growth and aggregation, to afford nanoscale-sized pigment particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: C. Geoffrey Allen, Rina Carlini, Sandra J. Gardner
  • Patent number: 7629394
    Abstract: The present invention describes a process of preparing microcapsules in a UV curable water immiscible phase. The microcapsules formed according to the invention contain an aqueous phase core. The process comprises dispersing a water soluble or dispersible core material along with at least one wall forming prepolymer and a polycondensation polymerization catalyst into an aqueous solution. The aqueous phase is then dispersed into the water immiscible phase comprising UV curable monomers or oligomers forming droplets of the aqueous phase solution in the water immiscible phase. Polycondensation of the prepolymers is initiated to form polymeric wall material or microcapsules at or near the interface of the water immiscible solvent and droplets of aqueous phase solution. Following capsule formation, a UV initiator is dispersed in the water immiscible phase. The UV curable dispersion containing aqueous microcapsules can be coated on a substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: Appleton Papers Inc.
    Inventor: Nianxi Yan
  • Patent number: 7618565
    Abstract: Lipobeads (liposome-encapsulated hydrogels) combine properties of hydrogels and liposomes to create systems that are sensitive to environmental conditions and respond to changes in those conditions in a fast time scale. Lipobeads may be produced by polymerizing anchored or unanchored hydrogels within liposomes or by mixing anchored or unanchored hydrogels with liposomes. Giant lipobeads may be produced by shrinking unanchored nanogels in lipobeads and fusing the resulting lipobead aggregates, long-term aging of anchored or unanchored lipobeads, or mixing anchored or unanchored aggregated nanogels with liposomes. Poly(acrylamide), poly(N-isopropylacrylamide), and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-1-vinylimidazole) lipobeads were produced and characterized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: Polytechnic Institute of New York University
    Inventors: Sergey Kazakov, Marian Kaholek, Kalle Levon
  • Patent number: 7591890
    Abstract: A photocurable pigment type inkjet ink composition including 5 to 95 wt % of water; 0.5 to 20 wt % of a pigment; 1 to 70 wt % of a photocurable component; and 0.0001 to 30 wt % of a reactive surfactant. The reactive surfactant can serve as a pigment dispersant for dispersing pigment particles or as an emulsifier for emulsifying the photocurable component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2009
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Chi-Jung Chang, Shu-chen Tsou, Feng-Mei Wu, Shinn-Jen Chang
  • Patent number: 7572838
    Abstract: The present invention relates to methods for providing shaped biodegradable and elastomeric structures of (co)polymers of 1,3trimethylene carbonate (TMC) with improved (mechanical) properties which can be used for tissue or tissue component support, generation or regeneration. Such shaped biodegradable elastomeric structures are obtainable by forming homopolymers and/or copolymers of 1,3-trimethylene carbonate (TMC) into a desired shape and irradiating said desired shape with actinic radiation in an inert atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2009
    Assignee: Universiteit Twente
    Inventors: Dirk Wybe Grijpma, Ana Paula Gomes Moreira Pêgo, Jan Feijen
  • Patent number: 7511083
    Abstract: A method of preparation of a cross-linked hydrogel by graft copolymerisation, said method comprises the steps of preparing an aqueous solution comprising one or more hydrophilic polymers, a cross-linking agent and a photoinitiator comprising a water-soluble peroxydisulphate, subjecting said solution to irradation and obtaining the cross-linked hydrogel, wherein the hydrophilic polymers are saturated and the cross-linking agent acts as a co-catalyst of cross-linking. The hydrogel is fast to produce and has low toxicity. The hydrogel may be suitable for use in medical devices such as dressings and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2009
    Assignee: Coloplast A/S
    Inventors: Flemming Madsen, Niels Joergen Madsen
  • Patent number: 7479511
    Abstract: An energy curable aqueous composition is disclosed containing: water; an ethylenically unsaturated oligomer; and a resin not containing energy curable functional groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2009
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Mikhail Laksin, Ralph Arcurio, Prasad K. Adhikari, Subhankar Chatterjee, Volker Linzer, Richard Czarnecki, Jitendra J. Modi
  • Patent number: 7462652
    Abstract: A water based coating mixture for the application of a polymeric coating to a substrate mixture includes water and optionally an organic solvent, at least one free-radically polyerizable compound. Preferably the coating is weldable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2008
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventor: Georg Gros
  • Patent number: 7436115
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method for fabricating an electroluminescent lamp that includes a step in which an electroluminescent active layer is formed by curing a UV curable electroluminescent composition. Embodiments of the method of the present invention in which each layer of a multilayer electroluminescent device are fabricated from UV curable compositions are also disclosed. A UV curable dielectric composition suitable for utilization in an electroluminescent lamp is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Inventors: Roy C. Krohn, Scott E. Howe, Christopher C. Ryan
  • Patent number: 7420005
    Abstract: The photocurable resin composition in the first aspect of the invention comprises, as essential components, (A) a binder resin having photopolymerizable functional groups and (B) inorganic superfine particles in the order of sub-micron which can be dispersed in a colloidal form; the photocurable resin composition in the second aspect comprises, as essential components, (C) a binder resin containing photopolymerizable functional groups and (D) hydrophobic fine silica particles; and the photocurable resin composition in the third aspect comprises, as essential components, (E) a binder resin containing acrylic resin and urethane acrylate resin and/or polyester acrylate having photopolymerizable functional groups and (F) an organometallic coupling agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2008
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mikiko Hojo, Toshio Yoshihara
  • Patent number: 7413781
    Abstract: This invention provides novel methods for the formation of biocompatible membranes around biological materials using photopolymerization of water soluble molecules. The membranes can be used as a covering to encapsulate biological materials or biomedical devices, as a “glue” to cause more than one biological substance to adhere together, or as carriers for biologically active species. Several methods for forming these membranes are provided. Each of these methods utilizes a polymerization system containing water-soluble macromers, species, which are at once polymers and macromolecules capable of further polymerization. The macromers are polymerized using a photoinitiator (such as a dye), optionally a cocatalyst, optionally an accelerator, and radiation in the form of visible or long wavelength UV light. The reaction occurs either by suspension polymerization or by interfacial polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2008
    Assignee: Board of Regents, The University of Texas System
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Hubbell, Chandrashekhar P. Pathak, Amarpreet S. Sawhney, Neil P. Desai, Syed F. A. Hossainy
  • Patent number: 7396875
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a waterborne, UV-curable polyurethane emulsion and the use thereof in producing soft touch coatings. The emulsion is prepared by a) reacting specified hydroxy-functional components with di- and/or polyisocyanates, b) forming a dispersion of the resultant product with water and reacting the dispersion with amine functional materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2008
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience LLC
    Inventors: Aaron A. Lockhart, Michael J. Dvorchak, Lyubov K. Gindin
  • Patent number: 7388039
    Abstract: Modified polyolefins are produced by reacting a functionalized polyolefin with one or more ethylenically unsaturated compounds having a functional group reactive with the functional group on the polyolefin. These modified polyolefins may then polymerize in the presence of a photoinitiator upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation and also have the capability of copolymerizing in the presence of a photoinitiator with other ethylenically unsaturated crosslinking agents upon exposure to ultraviolet radiation. These modified polyolefins may also contain pendant carboxyl groups, which have the propensity to form hydrophilic salts with amines, and therefore may be rendered water-dispersible. The modified polyolefins of the present invention significantly improve the adhesion of paints, inks, and adhesives to various plastic and metal substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2008
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Kevin Alan Williams, Michael Bellas, Charlie Carroll Freeman, Jr., Lisa Kay Templeton
  • Patent number: 7384989
    Abstract: A liquid coating material in the form of a water-in-oil dispersion which is curable with actinic radiation, is substantially or completely free from organic solvents and has a pH<5, comprising (A) at least one constituent selected from the group consisting of low molecular mass, oligomeric, and polymeric organic compounds which contain at least one group which can be activated with actinic radiation, and also air-drying and oxidatively drying alkyd resins, (B) at least one acidic ester of polyphosphoric acid and at least one compound (b1) containing at least one hydroxyl group and at least one group which can be activated with actinic radiation, (C) at least one acidic ester of monophosphoric acid and at least one compound (c1) containing at least one hydroxyl group and at least one group which can be activated with actinic radiation, and (D) at least one acidic, corrosion-inhibiting pigment based on polyphosphoric acid; process for its preparation, and its use as a coil coating primer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2008
    Assignee: BASF Coatings AG
    Inventors: Maxime Allard, Thomas Reher, Dominique Kauffer
  • Patent number: 7371435
    Abstract: A paint composition comprising an aqueous resin having photo-curable functional groups in a molecule, a photoinitiator, and a crosslinker is suitable for use on golf balls since the composition is fully adherent to molded parts of ionomer resins and urethane resins commonly used in golf ball covers, eliminates a need for pre-treatment of the ball surface, and forms a cured coating having a high bond strength to the ball surface. The composition which is photo-curable ensures efficient operation in the golf ball manufacturing process. In a golf ball coated with the paint composition, the coating has abrasion durability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takashi Ohira
  • Patent number: 7312255
    Abstract: The invention relates to a mixture for the application of a polymeric coating to a substrate. Said mixtures comprises water and optionally an organic solvent, at least one water-dispersible radically polymerizable compound, at least one water-dispersible polymerizable crosslinking compound and at least one water-dispersible compound which forms free radicals upon exposure to actinic radiation. The radically polymerizable compound cannot fully set with the free radicals formed on irradiation at room temperature, but rather comprises further reactive bonds, which lead to further or complete setting with the crosslinking compound. The invention further relates to a method for application of a non-adhesive corrosion protection layer to a substrate, by application of a mixture to the surface of a metallic or polymeric substrate, drying the mixture and irradiation of the applied coating with actinic radiation of such an intensity and for such a period that a solid, hard, tough coating is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2007
    Assignee: Chemetall GmbH
    Inventor: Georg Gros
  • Patent number: 7300984
    Abstract: A process for preparing a graft copolymers is provided comprising exposing a polymeric base material to a dose of ionizing radiation, and then contacting the irradiated base material with a microemulsion comprising at least one fluorostyrenic monomer, water and water-miscible solvent. The graft copolymer may be formed into a membrane, including ion exchange membranes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2007
    Assignee: Ballard Power Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Sean M MacKinnon
  • Patent number: 7276561
    Abstract: A polymer film substrate is irradiated with ions to make a large number of nano-sized through-holes and the substrate is further irradiated with an ionizing radiation so that a functional monomer is grafted or co-grafted onto a surface of the film and within the holes; in addition, the sulfonic acid group is introduced into the graft chains, thereby producing a polymer ion-exchange membrane that has high oxidation resistance, dimensional stability, electrical conductivity and methanol resistance, as well as an ion-exchange capacity controlled over a wide range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2007
    Assignee: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Masaru Yoshida, Tetsuya Yamaki, Masaharu Asano, Yosuke Morita
  • Patent number: 7273896
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to compositions and systems for forming biomaterials containing a transient colorant for visualizing tissue or surgical materials coated with such biomaterials, to methods of using such compositions as bioadhesives, for tissue augmentation, in the prevention of surgical adhesions, for coating surfaces of synthetic implants, as drug delivery matrices, for ophthalmic applications, and in other applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2007
    Assignee: Angiotech Pharmaceuticals (US), Inc.
    Inventors: George Y. Daniloff, John R. Daniels