Abstract: An autoxidisable architectural coating composition suitable for application to surfaces found in and around buildings at ambient temperatures and in natural daylight wherein surface autoxidation of the composition is promoted by a combination of low concentrations of metal ions (especially manganese or vanadium) and 2,2-dimethoxy-1,2-diphenylethan-1-one as photoinitiator. The composition avoids the need to use more than trace amounts cobalt ions which are rumoured to be carcinogenic yet achieves adequately fast rates of autoxidation. Preferably the use of cobalt is avoided altogether. The use of the low concentrations of the other metal ions reduces discoloration of the compositions often to levels below what is achieved using conventional cobalt promoters. Also a modification in which surface autoxidation is promoted by a combination of 2,2-dimethoxy-1,2-diphenylethan-1-one and trace amounts of cobalt ions in the absence of other surface autoxidation promoting metal ions.
Abstract: By using a branched long chained chain scission polymer as a photoresist for EUV and 157 nanometer applications, a relatively higher molecular weight polymer with good mechanical properties may be achieved. In addition, by using chain scission technology, line edge roughness and resolution may be improved at the same time.
Abstract: A fluorine-containing phenylmaleimide derivative having a specific structure. A polymer obtained by polymerizing monomers containing the derivative. A polymer containing a specific structural unit and having a weight-average molecular weight of 2,000 to 200,000. A chemically amplified resist composition containing the polymer and a photo acid generator, wherein the proportion of the polymer relative to the total of the polymer and the photo acid generator is 70 to 99.8% by mass. A method for pattern formation, which comprises coating the above composition on a to-be-processed substrate, exposing with a light of 180 nm or less wavelength, and conducting baking and development.
Abstract: This invention relates to a process for preparing a reverse image using a pigmented peel-apart element containing a photoinhibitor. More particularly this invention relates to a process for preparing a negative or reverse surprint proof using peel-apart photosensitive elements comprising a strippable cover sheet; a photoadherent layer containing a colorant and a photoinhibitor compound; a tacky, essentially nonphotosensitive contiguous layer; and a support.
Abstract: A process for forming on the surface of a substrate a layer of a siloxane polymer by exposing the substrate to a first vapor phase monomer precursor having the formula SiR.sub.x H.sub.4-x where x is 1 to 4 and R is alkyl or phenyl, and a second vapor phase oxygen-containing precursor in the presence of radiation of a predetermined wavelength to bring about the reaction to form the siloxane polymer which deposits on the surface of substrate. The monomer precursor may comprise a mixture, such as SiRH.sub.3 and SiR.sub.2 H.sub.2 with each other or with SiR.sub.3 H. By varying the composition of such mixtures, the composition of the siloxane polymer may be chosen to provide predetermined properties, and, further, may be varied throughout the thickness of the deposited layer.