Inverting Phase Relationships Or Reapportioning The Distribution Of Ingredients Among Phases Patents (Class 523/336)
  • Patent number: 10691037
    Abstract: To provide a method for producing a rubber composition which gives a cross-linked rubber which has a low volume resistivity value, which is low in hardness, and which is kept down in contamination of the photoconductor when used as a conductive member. A production method of a rubber composition comprising a step of mixing a polyether rubber which is dissolved in a solvent at 0.1 to 30 wt % of concentration and a liquid ethylenically unsaturated nitrile-conjugated diene copolymer rubber in a solution is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignees: ZEON CORPORATION, ZEON CHEMICALS L.P.
    Inventors: Kazu Niwa, Clark Cable
  • Patent number: 10640673
    Abstract: Methods are described for maintaining unpaved roads. The methods include applying an aqueous composition to a section of an unpaved road (such as a mine haul road in a mine). The aqueous composition includes from 5 to 10,000 ppm of a synthetic polymer in water, and may be applied periodically. The synthetic polymer may be compatible with chemical processes employed by the mine, and the method may also include subsequently mining the section of the mine haul road.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: CHEMTREAT, INC.
    Inventors: Donald Roe, James Wilkins
  • Patent number: 10442955
    Abstract: Low VOC, unsaturated alkyd resins are obtained by reacting (A) to (E): (A) optionally from 0 to 30% w/w naturally occurring Rosin, comprising from 40 to 80 w/w parts per hundred of Rosin of an unsaturated mono carboxylic acid with at least one C15-25cyclohydrocarbo moiety capable of a Diels Alder or Ene reaction (preferred monoacids being abietic acid, palustric acid, levopimaric acid, sandaracopimaric acid, and/or anhydrides thereof); (B) from 25 to 80% w/w of a linear C12-60hydrocarbo carboxylic acid with at least one (preferably at least two conjugated) C?C bonds (=unsaturated fatty acid); (C) optionally from 1 to 30% w/w of an ethylenically unsaturated C5-6hydrocarbo dicarboxylic acid and/or anhydride thereof, being reactive as a dienophile and/or enophile with A and/or B (preferred for C are itaconic acid, citraconic acid and/or anhydrides thereof); (D) from 1 to 40% w/w of at least one polyol; (E) optionally at least one monomer other than A to D—the total of A to E being 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Johannes Wilhelmus Maria Hendriks, Adrianus Jozephus Hendricus Lansbergen
  • Patent number: 9708562
    Abstract: The present invention relates to formulations comprising an inversion facilitator additive and an active emulsion polymer, and methods for their use. The formulation can comprise a water-in-oil emulsion having the active emulsion polymer in an aqueous phase of the water-in-oil emulsion. The active emulsion polymer can be a friction-reducing polymer, a flocculant polymer, or any other polymer suitable for delivery within the aqueous phase of the water-in-oil emulsion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: Soane Energy, LLC
    Inventors: David S. Soane, Rosa Casado Portilla, Robert P. Mahoney, Marie Kyoko Herring
  • Patent number: 9610242
    Abstract: A water-based composition containing oil soluble components may include an anhydrous concentrate and a hydration component, which may be stored in separate vessels prior to mixing. The anhydrous concentrate may be combined with the hydration component to create a consumer product such as a topical cream. The anhydrous concentrate may include a preparation that includes a liquid dispersion polymer, an inverting surfactant and a binding agent, and also may include lipid-soluble vitamins, antioxidants and the like. The hydration component may include water and a preservative system, and also may include water-soluble vitamins, antioxidants and the like. Two forms (i.e. lipid-soluble and water-soluble) of a given ingredient (such as vitamin C) may be provided in the concentrate and the hydration component, respectively. A third vessel may be used for mixing the concentrate with the hydrator and/or dispensing the concentrate, the hydrator and/or the consumer product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: Concept Labs, Inc.
    Inventors: Zoe Weisman, Jose Torres
  • Patent number: 9315722
    Abstract: Methods for improving friction reduction properties of an aqueous treatment fluid are provided, wherein the resultant aqueous treatment fluid has an improvement in friction reduction, when compared to a similar aqueous treatment fluid in which the inverted emulsion does not contain salt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Kemira Oyj
    Inventors: Logan Jackson, Harsha Kolla
  • Patent number: 9240583
    Abstract: The present invention provides carboxymethylcellulose or a salt thereof that can prevent defects such as streaks and pinholes from occurring in the obtained electrode when it is used as a binder for an electrode of a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery. The present invention provides carboxymethylcellulose or a salt thereof of which ratio of a dry mass A to a dry mass B is less than 50 ppm when 2 liters of a 0.3 mass % aqueous solution of the dry mass B of the carboxymethylcellulose or a salt thereof is prepared, the entire amount of the aqueous solution is filtrated through a 250-mesh filter under a reduced pressure of ?200 mmHg, and the dry mass A of a residue on the filter is measured after filtration. The applications of the carboxymethylcellulose or a salt thereof are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Hidaka, Kazuhiro Fujiwara, Kazuhiko Inoue, Shinji Satou
  • Publication number: 20150031794
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for in-situ synthesis of silicon nanoparticles in a thermosetting polymeric matrix, the thermosetting and thermoset matrices obtained in this way and a material including same. The method includes the following steps: a) forming an aqueous-phase/organic-phase inverse emulsion, wherein the aqueous phase includes at least a basic catalyst and the organic phase includes at least a non-cross-linked (co)polymer precursor chosen from an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic epoxy resin precursor, a polyester-imide precursor, an unsaturated/epoxy polyester (co)polymer precursor, a polyether/epoxy (co)polymer precursor and a polyurethane precursor; b) introducing, into the inverse emulsion formed in step a), at least one silicon precursor forming a complete network whereof the rate of hydrolysis is greater than the cross-linking speed of the (co)polymer and c) stirring the mixture obtained in step b) and heating to a temperature between 20° C. and 70° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 20, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Chloé Schubert, Olivier Poncelet
  • Patent number: 8916627
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to the use of continuous extrusion devices to form high quality polymer dispersions of polyvinyl butyral), a surfactant, and a plasticizer. Screw extruder devices of the present invention inject water into a zone of high pressure, temperature, and shear to cause the rapid inversion of a weld in less than, for example, one minute, which compares very favorably with conventional batch methods, which can take, for example, two or more hours to complete an inversion. This rapid inversion—a surprising result given the extended time inversion requires in batch processes—allows for the continuous production of poly(vinyl butyral) dispersions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Solutia Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Edward Wade, Witold Szydlowski, Mike Yi Ren Chen, Stefaan Maurice Florquin
  • Publication number: 20140335138
    Abstract: Monolayered microcapsules comprising a black pigment and cosmetic formulations comprising them are provided for use particularly in mascara and eye liner formulations. The black pigment may be carbon black, black iron oxide, or both.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventors: Danny Goldstein, Yuri Yasman, Olga Privalova, Lior Benaltabet
  • Patent number: 8841359
    Abstract: An elastomer composition, having an excellent flexibility and low temperature durability, a method for producing the same and a pneumatic tire using the same are provided. An elastomer composition (C) comprising a matrix of a thermoplastic resin (A), in which a dispersed phase of an elastomer component (B) is finely dispersed to form an island-in-sea structure, wherein volume ratios of the thermoplastic resin (A) and the elastomer component (B) satisfy the following formula (I): ?d/?m>?d/?m??(I) wherein ?d and ?d, respectively, indicate a volume ratio and a melt viscosity of the elastomer component (B), and ?m and ?m, respectively, indicate a volume ratio and a melt viscosity of the thermoplastic resin (A)), a method for producing the same and a pneumatic tire using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuichi Hara
  • Patent number: 8741986
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to the use of continuous extrusion devices to form high quality polymer dispersions. Screw extruder devices of the present invention inject water into a zone of high pressure, temperature, and shear to cause the rapid inversion of a weld in less than, for example, one minute, which compares very favorably with conventional batch methods, which can take, for example, two or more hours to complete an inversion. This rapid inversion—a surprising result given the extended time inversion requires in batch processes—allows for the continuous production of polymer dispersions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Solutia Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Edward Wade, Witold Szydlowski, Mike Yi Ren Chen, Stefaan Maurice Florquin
  • Patent number: 8729157
    Abstract: A process for making an ultra high solids emulsion adhesive that is coatable and dryable at room temperature. The process consists of increasing solids using a phase inversion process to accomplish the addition of increased solids into aqueous formulations thereby obtaining emulsion pressure sensitive adhesives with solids content in excess of 60%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Inventor: Kenneth Lin
  • Patent number: 8668915
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of a an inverse latex including from 20% to 70% by weight and preferably from 25% to 50% by weight of a branched or crosslinked polyelectrolyte, characterized in that the polyelectrolyte is a copolymer of 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid partially or totally salified with acrylamide and optionally one or more monomers chosen from monomers containing a partially or totally salified weak acid function and/or from neutral monomers other than acrylamide, the production process including the control of the pH in the initial aqueous phase; Cosmetic, dermopharmaceutical or pharmaceutical composition including the inverse latex directly obtained by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignees: Societe d'Exploitation de Produits pour les Industries Chimiques SEPPIC, Scott Bader Company Limited
    Inventors: Olivier Braun, Paul Mallo, Audrey Bonnardel, Francois Guy
  • Publication number: 20140011914
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to the use of continuous extrusion devices to form high quality polymer dispersions. Screw extruder devices of the present invention inject water into a zone of high pressure, temperature, and shear to cause the rapid inversion of a weld in less than, for example, one minute, which compares very favorably with conventional batch methods, which can take, for example, two or more hours to complete an inversion. This rapid inversion—a surprising result given the extended time inversion requires in batch processes—allows for the continuous production of polymer dispersions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: Solutia Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce Edward Wade, Witold Szydlowski, Mike Yi Ren Chen, Stefaan Maurice Florquin
  • Patent number: 8492065
    Abstract: Processes for continuously forming latex emulsions useful in preparing toners are provided which do not require the use of solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Joo T. Chung, Zhen Lai, Chieh-Min Cheng, Joseph L. Leonardo, Yuhua Tong, Timothy L. Lincoln, Samir Kumar, Christine Louise DeMay
  • Patent number: 8293819
    Abstract: A method is provided for producing particles which is capable of producing particles in simple and easy steps. The objective is to provide with a high yield particles having a homogeneous particle diameter and a superior dispersibility in liquid. The method includes (1) preparing an aqueous solution containing one or more polymer; and (2) introducing the aqueous solution as droplets into a solvent capable of dissolving water by 1 mass % or more and less than 50 mass % to form the polymer into dispersed particles in the mixture of the aqueous solution and the solvent in the mixture of the aqueous solution and the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignees: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, Medgel Corporation
    Inventors: Kohei Watanabe, Takeshi Miyazaki, Yasuhiko Tabata
  • Patent number: 8263703
    Abstract: The present invention is related to an one component self-crosslinking reactive siloxane-terminated polypropylene oxide emulsion and a process for preparing the same. In the inventive process, using a reactive siloxane-terminated polypropylene oxide (SPPO) as raw material and a polyether-modified polysiloxane as protection colloid, a waterborne SPPO emulsion with excellent storage stability and freeze-thaw stability was prepared through phase inversion emulsification in the presence of composite emulsifying agent. And this process has some advantages such as low capital investment for equipment, simple procedure, easy operation and low production cost. And the obtained SPPO emulsion can be used as basic raw materials for the production of environmental friendly waterborne products such as paints, binders, sealing agents etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Kan Chengyou, Hou Zhao Sheng, Li Zeping, Xie Wei, Zhao Zhiqing, Yon Zhang, Thomas Fay-Oy Lim
  • Patent number: 8258208
    Abstract: The invention provides compositions of matter, methods of their synthesis, and methods of their use in polymerization reactions. The compositions include polyfunctional initiators used to make star polymers when polymerized with monomers. The polyfunctional initiators are synthesized out of a multifunctional core with at least two functional groups and two or more initiator units bonded to the functional groups. The initiator units have two electron-withdrawing groups bonded to a central carbon atom and an azo group between the central carbon atom and the functional group. The polyfunctional initiators are particularly effective because when they decompose to form the radical core of a star polymer, the electron-withdrawing groups prevent the corresponding radical from forming any linear polymer contamination and only desired star polymers result.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Pious V. Kurian, Jeffery M. Atkins, John D. Morris, William J. Ward
  • Patent number: 8222318
    Abstract: The present invention relates to (1) a process for producing a water dispersion for ink-jet printing containing colorant-containing polymer particles which includes a step I of obtaining a dispersion of colorant-containing polymer particles; a step II of obtaining a water dispersion of the colorant-containing polymer particles from the dispersion obtained in the step I; a step III of mixing the water dispersion obtained in the step II with an organic solvent (B) to suitably control a relative dielectric constant of a mixed solvent in the resultant dispersion, thereby precipitating the colorant-containing polymer particles; and a step IV of separating precipitates obtained in the step III from the dispersion and re-dispersing the precipitates in a water-based solvent; (2) a water-based ink for ink-jet printing which is excellent in ejection stability and optical density; (3) a process for purifying a water dispersion for ink-jet printing; and (4) a process for producing a dispersion containing groups of fine p
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Ryuma Mizushima, Nobuyuki Takizawa
  • Patent number: 8207246
    Abstract: A process for making a latex emulsion suitable for use in a toner composition includes contacting a resin with a solid neutralizing agent in the absence of an organic solvent to form a mixture either via a co-feeding process or a pre-blend mixture, and adding a solid or aqueous surfactant to the pre-blend mixture or prior to melt mixing the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Santiago Faucher, Joo T. Chung, Fumii Higuchi, Shigang Qiu, Joseph L. Leonardo, Brian J. Andaya
  • Patent number: 8178597
    Abstract: An aqueous inkjet recording ink including pigment particles coated with a water-insoluble resin, water, and a water-soluble organic solvent including at least one hydroxy group, wherein the water-insoluble resin has a salt-forming group and a structural unit which is derived from a methacrylate and has an aromatic ring linked via a linking group to an atom in the main chain of the water-insoluble resin, and the water-insoluble resin satisfies the condition that when the water-insoluble resin, an organic solvent, one equivalent of a neutralizing agent with respect to the salt-forming group, and water are mixed with a total content of the water-insoluble resin and the organic solvent being 35% by mass relative to the total mass of the mixture, an emulsion is formed without precipitation of the water-insoluble resin, and after the emulsion is allowed to stand for three hours, a transparent single phase is formed, or two separate phases are formed and at least an aqueous phase of the two phases is transparent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Misato Sasada, Takafumi Hosokawa
  • Patent number: 8163838
    Abstract: A process of producing an artificial latex, comprising the steps: (a) cement formation, wherein a rubber is dissolved in a suitable hydrocarbon solvent; (b) emulsification of the cement formed in step (a), together with an aqueous soap solution, thus forming an oil-in-water emulsion; (c) hydrocarbon solvent removal, resulting in a latex of the rubber having particles of a median particle size in the range of from about 0.5 to 2.0 ?m, and optionally (d) latex concentration, forming an artificial latex with a higher solids content, characterized in that in step (b) a premix is formed first, which is subsequently homogenized into an oil-in-water emulsion, and wherein the premix is formed by mixing the cement with the aqueous soap solution at a volume ratio of 1:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Kraton Polymers US LLC
    Inventors: Adrie A. Van Der Huizen, Marc S. Sonderman, Arwin W. Van Der Waal, Wouter De Jong, Anton Nicolai
  • Patent number: 8153708
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process for forming a waterborne composite polyurethane/acrylic polymer dispersion without the use of N-methyl pyrrolidone. The process includes polymerizing a reaction mixture of polyisocyanate, polyol, and a hydroxyl and carboxylic acid functional reactant in an organic solvent medium of alkyl carbonate, then adding ethylenically unsaturated monomers and inverting the mixture into an aqueous medium. Addition polymerization is performed to yield a waterborne composite polyurethane/acrylic polymer dispersion, and any remaining alkyl carbonate is hydrolyzed. The resulting aqueous polymer dispersions are environmentally friendly and are suitable for use in coating compositions that conventionally contained similar dispersions prepared in the presence of N-methyl pyrrolidone. Comparable physical properties are observed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc
    Inventor: Shanti Swarup
  • Patent number: 8110616
    Abstract: An aqueous inkjet recording ink including at least a resin (A), a pigment (B) dispersed with the resin (A), a resin emulsion (C), and an aqueous liquid medium (D), wherein the resin (A) includes hydrophobic structural units (a) and hydrophilic structural units (b), the hydrophobic structural units (a) include a hydrophobic structural unit (a1) in an amount of 40% by mass or more of the resin (A), the hydrophobic structural unit (a1) having an aromatic ring indirectly linked to an atom for forming the main chain of the resin (A), and a hydrophobic structural unit (a2) in an amount of 15% by mass or more of the resin (A), the hydrophobic structural unit (a2) being derived from a C1 to C4 alkyl acrylate or methacrylate, the hydrophilic structural units (b) include a structural unit (b1) derived from an acrylic acid or a methacrylic acid, and the content of the hydrophilic structural units (b) is 15% by mass or less in the resin (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Fujifilm Corporation
    Inventors: Misato Sasada, Takafumi Hosokawa, Takahiro Kato
  • Patent number: 7811502
    Abstract: The invention relates to aqueous dispersions containing agents having release activity, emulsifiers and customary auxiliaries and additives, wherein a combination of A) at least one agent having a release activity, selected from the group consisting of soaps, oils, waxes and silicones, and B) polyisobutylene is used as agents having release activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Assignee: Evonik Goldschmidt GmbH
    Inventors: Ralf Althoff, Torsten Henning, Helmut Lammerting
  • Publication number: 20100249275
    Abstract: A silicone composition emulsion and a method for preparing the same are provided. The method is characterized in that a low-molecular-weight polysiloxane and an emulsifier are added into a high-viscosity silicone composition. The low-molecular-weight polysiloxane has a viscosity of 5-3,000 mPa·s, and the emulsifier is an nonionic surfactant. The amount of the low-molecular-weight polysiloxane is 5-50 parts and the amount of the emulsifier is 40-150 parts, based on 100 parts of the high-viscosity silicone composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 10, 2009
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Applicant: CAO ,Zhiping
    Inventors: Fei Wu, Zhiping Cao, Xiang Zhong, Yong Xu
  • Publication number: 20100204362
    Abstract: The invention provides compositions of matter, methods of their synthesis, and methods of their use in polymerization reactions. The compositions include polyfunctional initiators used to make star polymers when polymerized with monomers. The polyfunctional initiators are synthesized out of a multifunctional core with at least two functional groups and two or more initiator units bonded to the functional groups. The initiator units have two electron-withdrawing groups bonded to a central carbon atom and an azo group between the central carbon atom and the functional group. The polyfunctional initiators are particularly effective because when they decompose to form the radical core of a star polymer, the electron-withdrawing groups prevent the corresponding radical from forming any linear polymer contamination and only desired star polymers result.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Publication date: August 12, 2010
    Inventors: Pious V. Kurian, Anoop Chengara, Jeffery M. Atkins
  • Publication number: 20100204361
    Abstract: The invention provides compositions of matter, methods of their synthesis, and methods of their use in polymerization reactions. The compositions include polyfunctional initiators used to make star polymers when polymerized with monomers. The polyfunctional initiators are synthesized out of a multifunctional core with at least two functional groups and two or more initiator units bonded to the functional groups. The initiator units have two electron-withdrawing groups bonded to a central carbon atom and an azo group between the central carbon atom and the functional group. The polyfunctional initiators are particularly effective because when they decompose to form the radical core of a star polymer, the electron-withdrawing groups prevent the corresponding radical from forming any linear polymer contamination and only desired star polymers result.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Publication date: August 12, 2010
    Inventors: Pious V. Kurian, Jeffrey M. Atkins, John D. Morris, William J. Ward
  • Patent number: 7750066
    Abstract: The present invention provides for a method of producing a composition containing a polymer having undergone phase inversion, the method comprising the step of: effecting phase inversion of a phase invertible water insoluble polymer in an aqueous composition and the composition comprises a mixture of at least two different substances, one of which is a water insoluble dispersible polymer having undergone phase inversion while the other is optionally a contaminant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Inventor: George Sutherland
  • Patent number: 7745514
    Abstract: Disclosed are tinted, abrasion resistant coating compositions comprising polymer-enclosed color-imparting particles. Also disclosed are methods for making such a composition and substrates at least partially coated with a hard coat deposited from such a composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Shan Cheng, Dennis L. Faler, W. David Polk
  • Publication number: 20080161448
    Abstract: A composition includes a baleable polymer resulting from the polymerization of at least one conjugated diene in the presence of an anionic initiator. The baleable polymer has carboxylate termination resulting from the addition of carbon dioxide to terminate the polymerization reaction. The polymer has Mooney ML1+4 viscosity of >35 and a solution viscosity of X, where X is >75 cP. The addition of an lonolizer to a composition that includes the polymer reduces the solution viscosity of the polymer from X to Y where Y meets the following formula: 0.4X?Y?0.58X. The baleable polymer is blended with impact-modified plastics resulting in improved izod values and optical qualities. Processes for making and utilizing the polymer composition, and ionolizer are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Publication date: July 3, 2008
    Inventor: Mark N. DeDecker
  • Patent number: 7351755
    Abstract: In a method of producing an oil-in-water type emulsion containing an internally crosslinked fine resin particle, the fine resin particle is encapsulated in an emulsion particle having an average particle diameter of 0.02 to 0.3 ?m. The method includes a step of undergoing phase transition from a water-in-oil type emulsion (Y) which includes a resin (A) having a cationic group or an anionic group, an acid or a base (B) neutralizing 20 to 150 mole percent of the cationic group or the anionic group in the resin (A), an internally crosslinked fine resin particle (C), having an average particle diameter of 0.01 to 0.2 ?m, dispersed in an oil phase and an aqueous medium (D) to an oil-in-water type emulsion (Z) by adding the aqueous medium (D) further to the water-in-oil type emulsion (Y).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hitoshi Hori, Yasuhiro Hayashi, Seiko Inoue, legal representative, Hisaichi Muramoto, Tsuyoshi Inoue
  • Publication number: 20080051492
    Abstract: Inverse emulsions, useful in applications such as cosmetics, are those wherein the weight ratio between the aqueous phase and the organic phase is from 4:1 to 2:1 and containing from 20 to 70% by weight of an acrylic polymer comprising monomeric units deriving from: i) 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid; ii) at least one cationic acrylic monomer of formula I: wherein R1 is hydrogen or methyl; R2, R3, R4 are, one independently of the others, hydrogen or C1-C4 alkyl; Y is NH or O; A is a C1-C6 alkylene; X is an anion; iii) acrylic or methacrylic acid; iv) at least one polyfunctional monomer, the inverse emulsion being characterized by the fact that in the polymer the monomeric units deriving from 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid represent from 1% to 29% molar of the total monomers i), ii) and iii).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Publication date: February 28, 2008
    Applicant: LAMBERTI SpA
    Inventors: Andrea Mitarotonda, Arianna Benetti, Giuseppe Li Bassi
  • Publication number: 20070249759
    Abstract: This invention pertains to water based pressure sensitive adhesive label and tape formulations containing tackifier dispersions, with greater than about 2% by weight of non-neutralized low molecular weight carboxylic acid containing compounds, that show improved retention of adhesive properties in conditions of elevated temperature and relative humidity. The low molecular weight carboxylic acid containing compounds serve as scavenger species for migrating multivalent cations such as calcium that are liberated from paper facestocks and backings containing calcium carbonate fillers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2007
    Publication date: October 25, 2007
    Inventor: Peter James Miller
  • Patent number: 6812269
    Abstract: A process for preparing an aqueous powder coating dispersion comprising components A and B, wherein component A is a binder resin or a mixture of binder resins and component B is a crosslinker or a mixture of crosslinkers or component A is a crosslinker or a mixture of crosslinkers and component B is a binder resin or a mixture of binder resins, wherein the process comprises the steps of: a) dispersing a composition comprising component A by the addition of an aqueous medium in a phase inversion emulsification process, b) adding component B simultaneously with or after the addition of the aqueous medium, and c) optionally mixing the obtained composition to obtain a dispersion comprising components A and B. The process enables the preparation of stable powder coating slurries with particles in the range from 50 to 800 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2004
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Martinus Adrianus Antonius Maria Koenraadt, Gerard Henk Beijers, Johan Eric Borgström, Kent Raabjerg Sörensen
  • Publication number: 20040214923
    Abstract: In a method of producing an oil-in-water type emulsion containing an internally crosslinked fine resin particle, the fine resin particle is encapsulated in an emulsion particle having an average particle diameter of 0.02 to 0.3 &mgr;m. The method includes a step of undergoing phase transition from a water-in-oil type emulsion (Y) which includes a resin (A) having a cationic group or an anionic group, an acid or a base (B) neutralizing 20 to 150 mole percent of the cationic group or the anionic group in the resin (A), an internally crosslinked fine resin particle (C), having an average particle diameter of 0.01 to 0.2 &mgr;m, dispersed in an oil phase and an aqueous medium (D) to an oil-in-water type emulsion (Z) by adding the aqueous medium (D) further to the water-in-oil type emulsion (Y).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2004
    Publication date: October 28, 2004
    Inventors: Hitoshi Hori, Yasuhiro Hayashi, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Hisaichi Muramoto, Seiko Inoue
  • Patent number: 6727341
    Abstract: A stable and high-solids aqueous dispersion of blocked isocyanates, containing auxiliary solvent, is prepared by (1) preparing a solution of a polyisocyanate mixture of from 20-70% by weight of a blocked, hydrophilically modified polyisocyanate (A) and from 30-80% by weight of a blocked, hydrophobic polyisocyanate (B) in an auxiliary solvent (G) and (2) adding water to this solution, with intensive mixing, in an amount which is such as to give a two-phase system comprising a disperse polyisocyanate phase and a continuous, aqueous phase containing auxiliary solvent. In a preferred embodiment of the invention dispersions are prepared which are virtually free from auxiliary solvent, by first adding a portion of water to the solution (1), substantially removing the auxiliary solvent with intensive mixing and then adding a second portion of water with intensive mixing to the mixture comprising the polyisocyanates (A) and (B) and the first portion of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: Degussa AG
    Inventors: Hartwig Lange, Klaus Janischewski, Dirk Reichel
  • Patent number: 6683123
    Abstract: A process for producing a thermoplastic molding composition is disclosed. The process entails introducing a solid polymeric resin, optionally containing residual moisture, into an extruder, operating under conditions designed to melt the resin and charging water into the melt while in the extruder to yield wet, molten resin that contains water in an amount of at least about 2 percent. The wet, molten resin is then devolatilized to yield dry resin having water content not exceeding 0.3 percent. Molding compositions thus produced have improved properties. In a preferred embodiment, the process results in a molding composition that contains a fine dispersion of a discontinuous phase in a continuous polymeric phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Polymers LLC
    Inventor: Henry A. Kozlowski
  • Patent number: 6677400
    Abstract: An aqueous polyurethane resin dispersions containing i) a polyol component with a molecular weight above 300 daltons, containing a polyether diol initiated on an aromatic diol, ii) a polyol component with a molecular weight of 62 to 299 daltons, iii) a monofunctional isocyanate-reactive compound with an ethylene oxide content of at least 50 wt. % and a molecular weight of at least 400 daltons, iv) a polyisocyanate v) an aliphatic polyamine with a molecular weight of 60 to 300 daltons or hydrazine, and vi) a hydrophilic aliphatic diamine, a process for making the dispersion and substrates primed with the dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Thomas Münzmay, Uwe Klippert, Frank Kobor, Claus Kobusch, Gerald Kurek
  • Publication number: 20030092799
    Abstract: A process for preparing an aqueous powder coating dispersion comprising components A and B, wherein component A is a binder resin or a mixture of binder resins and component B is a crosslinker or a mixture of crosslinkers or component A is a crosslinker or a mixture of crosslinkers and component B is a binder resin or a mixture of binder resins, wherein the process comprises the steps of: a) dispersing a composition comprising component A by the addition of an aqueous medium in a phase inversion emulsification process, b) adding component B simultaneously with or after the addition of the aqueous medium, and c) optionally mixing the obtained composition to obtain a dispersion comprising components A and B. The process enables the preparation of stable powder coating slurries with particles in the range from 50 to 800 nm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2002
    Publication date: May 15, 2003
    Inventors: Martinus Adrianus Antonius Maria Koenraadt, Gerard Henk Beijers, Johan Eric Borgstrom, Kent Raabjerg Sorensen
  • Publication number: 20030065058
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method and use of incorporating water soluble or water dispersible polymer(s), stabilized in an invert (water-in-oil) emulsion, into an oil continuous metalworking emulsifiable concentrate, which is then diluted with water to form an end use oil-in-water emulsion. According to the present invention, the invert polymer emulsion (A) is added to the metalworking emulsifiable concentrate (B) to embed at least one water soluble or water dispersible polymer into the metalworking emulsifiable concentrate, to form a stable, emulsifiable concentrate (C). The stable, emulsifiable concentrate (C) is then diluted with water to form an end use oil-in-water emulsion (D) causing the water soluble or water dispersible polymer in the end use emulsion to impart antimist performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2002
    Publication date: April 3, 2003
    Inventors: Carlos A. Piedrahita, Ping Y. Zhu
  • Patent number: 6521679
    Abstract: A polyester aqueous dispersion having excellent properties in waterproof, weatherproof, processibility and adhesion, which provides a large allowance for controlling liquid physical properties by post treatment and is advantageous in making dry powders from the dispersion, and an efficient method for preparing the aqueous dispersion at low costs in a simple manner. The polyester aqueous dispersion comprising (i) a water-insoluble polyester and (ii) a polyester containing a sulfonate group bound to a polymer in a concentration of 0.1 to 1.5 mmol equivalents when calculated as —SO3− group per gram of the polymer, and method for preparing a polyester aqueous dispersion comprises a step of melt-kneading a resin composition comprising the water-insoluble polyester (i) and polyester (ii) and a step of phase inversion of adding water or a basic aqueous solution to the molten kneaded mixture thereby to shift the resin composition into the aqueous dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Yasuo Okada, Hidenori Kaya, Suguru Tokita
  • Patent number: 6485651
    Abstract: This invention is directed to methods for quickly inverting and dispersing a flocculant in an aqueous slurry to achieve settlement of solids and clarification of the slurry water. In particular, this invention relates to methods for quickly inverting a flocculant-containing emulsion in-line without significantly destabilizing the emulsion. The methods comprise dosing water with at least one water-in-oil emulsion containing at least one of a flocculent polymer and a hydrophilic surfactant and subjecting the water and emulsion to a high shear, turbulent reverse flow, such that the combination of the surfactant and shear synergistically inverts the emulsion, so the flocculant may be directly injected into the slurry. In an alternative embodiment, the emulsion is fed directly to the slurry to be treated and subjected to high shear, such that the emulsion inverts in situ, releasing the flocculant into the slurry for solids/liquid separation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignee: Ondeo Nalco Company
    Inventor: Merle L. Branning
  • Patent number: 6476168
    Abstract: Disclosed is an emulsion useful in an inversion process. The emulsion is a water-in-oil emulsion and has an aqueous phase having a water-soluble polymer, an oil phase and an activating agent of the following formula: wherein n=0 to 10 and m=2 to 25 and the oxypropylene and oxyethylene units are of block distribution or intermixed in random or tapered distribution. Further disclosed is a process according to the following: a) providing an water-in-oil emulsion having a water-soluble polymer in the aqueous phase and the activating agent; b) introducing the emulsion into an aqueous medium and c) allowing sufficient time for the emulsion to invert. Further disclosed is another process according to the following: a) providing an water-in-oil emulsion having a water-soluble polymer in the aqueous phase; b) introducing the emulsion into an aqueous medium having the activating agent and c) allowing sufficient time for the emulsion to invert.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2002
    Assignee: Rhodia, Inc.
    Inventors: Manilal S. Dahanayake, Fang Li, Jean-Luc Joye
  • Publication number: 20020025996
    Abstract: A stable and high-solids aqueous dispersion of blocked isocyanates, containing auxiliary solvent, is prepared by (1) preparing a solution of a polyisocyanate mixture of from 20-70% by weight of a blocked, hydrophilically modified polyisocyanate (A) and from 30-80% by weight of a blocked, hydrophobic polyisocyanate (B) in an auxiliary solvent (G) and (2) adding water to this solution, with intensive mixing, in an amount which is such as to give a two-phase system comprising a disperse polyisocyanate phase and a continuous, aqueous phase containing auxiliary solvent. In a preferred embodiment of the invention dispersions are prepared which are virtually free from auxiliary solvent, by first adding a portion of water to the solution (1), substantially removing the auxiliary solvent with intensive mixing and then adding a second portion of water with intensive mixing to the mixture comprising the polyisocyanates (A) and (B) and the first portion of water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2001
    Publication date: February 28, 2002
    Applicant: DEGUSSA-HUELS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
    Inventors: Hartwig Lange, Klaus Janischewski, Dirk Reichel
  • Patent number: 6348521
    Abstract: A stable and high-solids aqueous dispersion of blocked isocyanates, containing auxiliary solvent, is prepared by (1) preparing a solution of a polyisocyanate mixture of from 20-70% by weight of a blocked, hydrophilically modified polyisocyanate (A) and from 30-80% by weight of a blocked, hydrophobic polyisocyanate (B) in an auxiliary solvent (G) and (2) adding water to this solution, with intensive mixing, in an amount which is such as to give a two-phase system comprising a disperse polyisocyanate phase and a continuous, aqueous phase containing auxiliary solvent. In a preferred embodiment of the invention dispersions are prepared which are virtually free from auxiliary solvent, by first adding a portion of water to the solution (1), substantially removing the auxiliary solvent with intensive mixing and then adding a second portion of water with intensive mixing to the mixture comprising the polyisocyanates (A) and (B) and the first portion of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2002
    Assignee: Degussa-Huels Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hartwig Lange, Klaus Janischewski, Dirk Reichel
  • Patent number: 6316543
    Abstract: Provided is a low volatile organic content (VOC), isocyanate based curable oil-in-water emulsion of a polyisocyanate crosslinker and a surface active isocyanate reactive material in an aqueous medium, and a process for the preparation thereof. Also provided is a water-in-oil intermediate product to which an aqueous medium can be added to produce the curable oil-in-water emulsions. Such curable emulsions are particularly suited for use in coatings applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corp.
    Inventor: Denise E. Fiori
  • Patent number: 6313218
    Abstract: Provided is a low volatile organic content (VOC), isocyanate based curable oil-in-water emulsion of a polyisocyanate crosslinker and a surface active isocyanate reactive material in an aqueous medium, and a process for the preparation thereof. Also provided is a water-in-oil intermediate product to which an aqueous medium can be added to produce the curable oil-in-water emulsions. Such curable emulsions are particularly suited for use in coatings applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2001
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corp.
    Inventors: Denise E. Fiori, David Ley, Richard Quinn
  • Patent number: RE37037
    Abstract: Mannich (alk)acrylamide microparticles are produced at high solids contents without a significant increase in bulk viscosity by inverse microemulsion polymerization and provide superior dewatering characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2001
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corp.
    Inventors: Joseph J. Kozakiewicz, Sun-Yi Huang