Solid Polymer Contains Nitrogen Patents (Class 524/279)
  • Patent number: 9370573
    Abstract: Polyamide compositions useful for personal care are disclosed, including film-forming concentrates and emulsions. Ethanol-based concentrates comprise a hydrophobic polyamide, which comprises a reaction product of either (a) a dimerized fatty acid, at least one C2-C4 carboxylic acid, and a polyamine component comprising ethylenediamine and 1 to 30 eq. % of one or more di- or triamines; or (b) a dimerized fatty acid, at least 50 wt. % of a C16-C22 unsaturated carboxylic acid, and at least one C2-C6 diamine. Personal care applications for the concentrates, including continuous sunscreens, fragrant body sprays or splashes, anti-acne medications, are included. Water-in-oil emulsions comprising the hydrophobic polyamides are storage-stable and provide water-resistant SPF for products such as sunscreens and body lotions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2016
    Assignee: CRODA INTERNATIONAL PLC
    Inventors: Nancy W. Harman, George Miller, Thomas Fontana, Neal Kerckhoff, Jason Rothouse, Ramachandra Shastry
  • Patent number: 9267011
    Abstract: Composition and method for making a multi-layer bio-based film having one or more cavitated layers. In one aspect, the multilayer flexible film has polylactic acid, an inorganic filler, and a cavitation stabilizer making up at least one film layer. In one aspect, the barrier web has a cavitated bio-based film layer. In another aspect, the print web has a cavitated bio-based film layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: Frito-Lay North America, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Nolan Cotton, Kenneth Scott Laverdure, Deepali Palta, Brad Dewayne Rodgers
  • Publication number: 20150068060
    Abstract: Disclosed therein are a method of manufacturing footwear using adhesive films and a composite of the adhesive film, which can allow an outsole and a midsole to be simultaneously molded and formed through the steps of putting the midsole made of EVA foam and the outsole made of rubber into a mold, inserting an adhesive film between the midsole and the outsole, and applying high temperature and high pressure to the midsole and the outsole, thereby not needing to carry out a cleaning process, a primer coating process, and a bonding process when an outsole and a midsole are manufactured, not needing additional facilities for the cleaning and bonding processes, reducing unnecessary manpower, and improving working environments.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Hee-Dae Park, Veerag Mehta
  • Patent number: 8846804
    Abstract: Providing an NBR composition substantially free of containment of an insolubilized substance-generating causative substance so as to prevent generation of an insolubilized substance due to extraction by a fuel while which composition is excellent in ozone resistance, ejectability from kneader, and which composition realizes a first compression set and a second compression set which are both 46% or less. An NBR composition including a polymer obtained by mixing an acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) with polyvinyl chloride (PVC), wherein the NBR composition is obtained without blending an insolubilized substance-generating causative substance, or, in case of blending, by blending an insolubilized substance-generating causative substance at an upper limit of 0.15 parts by weight or less, into 100 parts by weight of the polymer having a PVC content of 15.70 to 17.50 wt %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: NOK Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroyuki Sano
  • Patent number: 8653170
    Abstract: Described in one aspect is a process for preparing a low durometer thermoplastic vulcanizate composition comprising melt blending one or more thermoplastic polymer(s) with a cross-linkable elastomer under conditions of dynamic vulcanization; adding at or after the start of the melt blending at least one curative agent for the elastomer so as to cross-link the elastomer during the melt blending; introducing process oil into the melt blending before, during and/or after the addition of the curative agent; and, extruding a fully crosslinked thermoplastic vulcanizate having a Shore A Hardness of less than 25.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Hari Prasad Nadella, Ronald DeYoung, Jianya Cheng
  • Publication number: 20130224395
    Abstract: A water-based primer coating for use on paper and polymeric substrates is provided for enhancing the adhesion of liquid toner to the substrates, which are designed to be printed using an electrophotographic printing device. The primer coating includes an aliphatic polyurethane dispersion and an anionic wax emulsion, and is substantially free of copolymers of ethylene and acrylic acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 25, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Applicant: MICHELMAN, INC.
    Inventor: Michelman, Inc.
  • Patent number: 8372912
    Abstract: A polyvinyl chloride composition having polyvinyl chloride resin and a plasticizer ester selected from di-butyl terephthalate, di-isobutyl terephthalate, or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: David Justin Olsen, Martin James Stimpson
  • Patent number: 7989522
    Abstract: A biodegradable wax composition containing a wax as a main component and also containing a biodegradable polymer and a filler and having a moisture permeability of 3 g·mm/m2·24 hr or less at 40° C. and 90% RH. The wax is preferably present in an amount of 65 to 95% by weight. The biodegradable polymer preferably has a weight average molecular weight of 200,000 or higher. The polymer is preferably polyisoprene or natural rubber and is preferably present in an amount of 5 to 35% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: Kao Corporation
    Inventors: Shingo Odajima, Nobuyuki Isshiki, Hitoshi Otsuka, Hidetoshi Oga, Minoru Goto
  • Publication number: 20100189968
    Abstract: A flexographic and/or rotogravure printing ink used on non-woven substrates contains polyurethane and colorant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2007
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Inventors: Diane Steiner, Tom DeBartolo, Charles Bryson Williams, JR.
  • Patent number: 7282273
    Abstract: A method of improving grease and/or water resistance of a material is disclosed that comprises treating the material with wax and poly(vinyl alcohol) and optionally with a polyamine. Compositions for practicing the method and materials that have been treated by the method are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Assignee: Polymer Ventures, Inc.
    Inventors: Christopher B. Murphy, Jon O. Fabri
  • Patent number: 7037954
    Abstract: An ocular lens material comprising a copolymer prepared by polymerization with heating of a monomer mixture and/or with irradiating a monomer mixture with ultraviolet ray by means of a molding method, the monomer mixture containing a polysiloxane macromonomer A, a Si-containing alkyl methacrylate B, a hydrophilic monomer C comprising NVP as C-1 and another hydrophilic monomer C-2, another monomer D and a crosslinkable monomer E comprising a crosslinkable monomer E-1 containing at least one group selected from acryloyl group, vinyl group and allyl group, and methacryloyl group, and a crosslinkable monomer E-2 containing at least two methacryloyl groups as main components, wherein (A+B)/C (weight ratio) is 30/70 to 70/30, A/B is 25/75 to 75/25, C-1/C-2 is 50/50 to 100/0, the amount of D is 0 to 20% by weight in the monomer mixture, which has high oxygen permeability, high mechanical strength, excellent surface wettability and low surface frictional property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2006
    Assignee: Menicon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masaki Baba, Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Kazuhiko Nakada
  • Patent number: 6992143
    Abstract: A non-black filled perfluoroelastomer composition comprising a) a perfluoroelastomer having nitrile group cure sites, b) a curative selected from the group consisting of i) a bis(aminophenol) and ii) a compound that decomposes at curing temperatures to generate ammonia and c) 1–25 phr hydrophobic silica filler. Cured compositions have surprisingly better compression set than do similar compounds containing hydrophilic silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Assignee: DuPont Dow Elastomers LLC
    Inventor: Shuhong Wang
  • Patent number: 6855774
    Abstract: A crosslinkable elastomer composition which provides a crosslinked product with improved mechanical strength and heat resistance, comprising, (A) a compound having at least two crosslinkable groups represented by the formula (I): and (B) an elastomer which contains a crosslinking site capable of reacting with the crosslinkable group (I) is prepared.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2005
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuyoshi Kawasaki, Tsuyoshi Itagaki, Katsuhiko Iseki, Takafumi Yamato, Tsuyoshi Noguchi
  • Patent number: 6846863
    Abstract: The invention concerns a polyethylene based composition comprising 0.05 to 0.5 wt. % of at least a saturated fatty acid amide containing 8 to 30 carbon atoms, 0 to 0.1 wt. % of an auxiliary lubricant selected among fatty acids, fatty acid esters, fatty acid salts, monounsaturated fatty acid amides, polyols containing at least 4 carbon atoms, monoalcohol or polyalcohol monoethers, glycerol esters, paraffins, polysiloxanes, fluorinated polymers and mixtures thereof, and 0 to 5 wt. % of one or more additives selected among the antioxidants, anti-acids, anti-UV stabilizers, coloring agents and antistatic agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2005
    Assignee: Solvay Polyolefins Europe-Belgium (S.A.)
    Inventors: Denis Plume, Pascal Vanden Berghe
  • Patent number: 6492463
    Abstract: A composition comprising a thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer (LCP) and small quantities of low molecular weight polyethylene (PE) is disclosed. The PP acts as an internal lubricant or mold release, but suprisingly does not significantly increase the flammability of the LCP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2002
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Marion Glen Waggoner
  • Patent number: 6410628
    Abstract: The invention relates to organic compounds having a molecular weight of less than 1000 comprising at least one structural unit of the formula (I) in which R1 is an aromatic or heteroaromatic radical which is capable of absorbing light in the wavelength range from 200 to 650 nm and in doing so brings about cleavage of the adjacent carbon-nitrogen bond. The compounds represent photoinitiators for base-catalyzable reactions. Other subjects of the invention are base-polymerizable or crosslinkable compositions comprising compounds having a structural unit of the formula I, a method of implementing photochemically induced, base-catalyzed reactions, and the use of the compounds as photoinitiators for base-catalyzed reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Véronique Hall-Goulle, Sean Colm Turner
  • Patent number: 6407160
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a polymer particle having a wax phase and a second phase. The wax phase includes a wax having a melting point of greater than 30° C. and comprising greater than 80% by weight of the wax phase. The second phase, free of ionic charge groups, includes a mono-alpha, beta-ethylenically unsaturated monomer free of ionic charge groups capable of addition polymerization to form a water soluble homopolymer including from 1 to 40% by weight of the second phase and a mono-alpha, beta-ethylenically unsaturated monomer capable of addition polymerization to form a water insoluble homopolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2002
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Yongcai Wang, James L. Bello, Janglin Chen, Dwight W. Schwark
  • Patent number: 6322624
    Abstract: The reaction product of at least one polyanhydride and at least one amine is disclosed. A phase change ink composition and a phase change ink containing the polyanhydride/amine adduct are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2001
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Donald R. Titterington, Jeffery H. Banning, Clifford R. King
  • Patent number: 6040354
    Abstract: An impression composition which is based on an aziridine-free composition which can be vulcanized at room temperature, and which comprises wax is provided according to the invention. The wax increases the dimensional stability of the composition during mixing and curing. The invention furthermore provides a kit for the preparation of such compositions and a process for the preparation of the wax-containing components of these kits. The wax is dispersed throughout the composition and is prepared by shock-cooling. The wax forms a crystalline network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: Ernst Muhlbauer KG
    Inventors: Heijo Hubner, Dierk Lubbers, Wolfgang Muhlbauer
  • Patent number: 6034158
    Abstract: This invention relates to a dispersions of polymeric colorants having poly(oxyalkylene) moieties mixed with unsubstituted sorbitan monooleate alone or ethoxylated dodecanol admixed with unsubstituted sorbitan monooleate. Such colorant dispersions are easy to handle and are effectively introduced into wax media, thereby providing significant improvements over other dyestuffs, pigments, and colorants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Michael O. Hunt, John D. Bruhnke
  • Patent number: 6005037
    Abstract: A molding material which contains a sinterable polymer and a wax as a binder and advantageously an ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymer, an organic peroxide, an azoester and an alcohol can be injection molded to give a molding, dewaxed without loss of dimensional stability of the molding and then sintered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Hoechst AG
    Inventors: Helmut Scheckenbach, Andreas Schleicher, Michael Bayer
  • Patent number: 5916970
    Abstract: Polymer blend compositions comprise (a) a polyphenylene ether polymer, (b) a polyphthalamide comprising the reaction product of (i) hexamethylene diamine or a mixture of hexamethylene diamine and trimethylhexamethylene diamine, and (ii) terephthalic acid, and optionally (iii) at least one acid selected from the group consisting of isophthalic acid and adipic acid, provided that a mixture of said diamines is employed if reactant (iii) is absent, and (c) at least one compatibilizer. The compositions may further include an aliphatic polyamide and/or an impact modifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Gim Fun Lee, Jr., John Bennie Yates, Ronald James Wroczynski, Kevin Sheehan
  • Patent number: 5834545
    Abstract: Reverse phase polymer particles having a size below 10 .mu.m are provided as a solid product comprising a solid dispersion of the particles in a wax matrix which is solid at 20.degree. C. and which melts below 250.degree. C. The product may be made by dissolving the wax into the organic liquid phase of the product of a reverse phase emulsion polymerisation process followed by distillation of the organic liquid and cooling of the resultant product. The product is generally in particulate form and can be used as a flocculant or viscosifier, especially as a textile print paste thickener.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Allied Colloids Limited
    Inventors: Norman Stewart Batty, Martin William Whitley, Adrian Swinburn Allen
  • Patent number: 5821298
    Abstract: Incorporating highly ethoxylated molecules into the traditional aqueous wax emulsion results in significant improvement in formulation compatibility between the aqueous wax emulsion and the water borne urethane dispersions as evidenced by the increase in formulation clarity and stability
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 13, 1998
    Inventors: Michael A. Reynolds, Lawrence P. Novack
  • Patent number: 5807955
    Abstract: An uncapped polysiloxane composition is provided having the formula: ##STR1## wherein: R is selected from R.sub.2 or --OR.sub.9 wherein R.sub.9 is hydrogen or alkyl;R.sub.1, which can be the same or different, is selected from R.sub.2, an amine containing group of the formula --(CH.sub.2).sub.n --F.sub.n1 --B.sub.n2 --F--NH.sub.2 functional carboxyl group of the general formula: ##STR2## wherein R.sub.5 is hydrogen, alkyl or alkali metal; F is linear or branched alkylene; B is --NR.sub.9, oxygen or sulfur, wherein R.sub.9 is hydrogen or lower alkyl (C.sub.1-6);R.sub.2 can be the same or different and is selected from alkyl, aryl, alkenyl or alkeynyl;R.sub.3 and R.sub.4, which may be the same or different are selected from alkyl, aryl, capped or uncapped polyoxyalkylene, alkaryl, aralkylene or alkenyl;a is an integer from 0 to 50,000; andb is an integer from 0 to 100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Assignee: Mona Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Abe Berger, Dennis L. Fost
  • Patent number: 5783618
    Abstract: Aqueous, dispersant-containing wax- and polysiloxane-dispersions (P) containingas wax(A) at least one oxidized hydrocarbon wax of needle-penetration (according to ASTM D-1321).ltoreq.4 dim and optionally(B) at least one non-oxidized hydrocarbeon waxand as polydiorganosiloxane(C) at least one optionally amino-modified and/or non-ionically modified polydiorganosiloxane with a nitrogen-content<0.6% by weightand suitably a dispersant system which is(D) a non-ionogenic, cationic or amphoteric dispersant system,are suitable as finishing agents, in particular as highly permanent softeners and sewability improving agents, especially for textile white goods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Clariant Finance (BVI) Limited
    Inventor: Bernard Danner
  • Patent number: 5703145
    Abstract: There is disclosed a hot melt type ink for an ink jet which has a small rate of a volume change accompanied with a phase change from a melt status to a solid matter and does not cause an offset and which provides a clear color image on an OHP sheet. The above ink composition has a volume change rate falling in a range of less than 10%, preferably 8 to 4% and a phase change temperature range of 60.degree. C. to the jetting temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1997
    Assignee: Hitachi Koki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Akemi Sagawa, Masahiko Sakai, Michio Ebata, Ren Itoh
  • Patent number: 5521239
    Abstract: The invention concerns a rubber eraser made of a binder and plasticizer, as well as fillers, pigments and/or other additives, if applicable, which contains polyalkyl methacrylate (PAMA), especially polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polyethyl methacrylate (PEMA), polypropyl methacrylate (PPMA), polybutyl methacrylate (PBMA) and/or copolymerizates of these as the binder. Furthermore, the invention concerns processes for manufacturing such rubber erasers, where either first, a plastisol of fine-grain polyalkyl methacrylate and plasticizer is formed, and fillers, internal lubricants, pigments and/or other additives are then mixed into this plastisol, or according to which first, the PAMA powder, the filler as well as any other dry components such as internal lubricants, pigments, etc. are intimately mixed while dry, and the liquid plasticizer is then added to this mixture and mixed or kneaded in.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1996
    Assignee: J. S. Staedtler GmbH & Co.
    Inventor: Werner Handl
  • Patent number: 5496878
    Abstract: Thermoplastic molding materials are obtainable by mixingA) from 0.5 to 5% by weight of a carboxyl-containing polyethylene wax having an average molecular weight M.sub.n (number average value) of from 500 to 20,000 andB) from 0 to 50% by weight of fibrous or particulate fillers or mixtures in a melt ofC) from 40 to 99.5% by weight of a polyamide prepolymer having a viscosity number of from 40 to 80 ml/g followed by post-condensation in the solid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Walter Goetz, Walter Betz
  • Patent number: 5459184
    Abstract: Hot melt adhesives of this invention can comprise a water-soluble polyalkylenimine, an hydroxy substituted organic compound, and optimally a plasticizer, a tackifier, and other ingredients. The adhesives are water actuated, and can be water activated, cleaned by aqueous systems, or recycled in aqueous systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1995
    Assignee: H. B. Fuller Company
    Inventors: William L. Bunnelle, Keith C. Knutson, Robert Hume, III
  • Patent number: 5457144
    Abstract: This invention provides hydrolytically labile polyamide compositions and articles containing an ester derived moiety in the polymer backbone which will degrade after exposure to water over long periods of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1995
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventors: Norman L. Holy, Newman M. Bortnick
  • Patent number: 5331023
    Abstract: This invention relates to thermoplastic, pressure-sensitive solid adhesives capable of transferring an adhesive film to a substrate by friction rubbing of the adhesive on the substrate. The adhesives of this invention consist essentially of polyisobutylene, wax and optionally an adhesive promoter resin. Said ingredients are within certain proportions, molecular weights, melting points, or hardness values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 19, 1994
    Assignee: Borden, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter S. Columbus, Yogeshbhai B. Patel
  • Patent number: 5300538
    Abstract: An erasable highlighting composition is provided including a block copolymer, a wax, and a fluorescent pigment. The composition is in solid form, and, when applied to an underlying marking on a substrate, is capable of forming a highlighting marking which may be erased without lifting the underlying marking.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1994
    Assignee: The Gillette Company
    Inventor: Rachel M. Loftin
  • Patent number: 5294248
    Abstract: Polishes for metal surfaces, based on dispersions of waxes, fluorinated polymers and perfluoropolyoxyalkylene oils acquire high gloss characteristics combined with improved water-repellency and resistance to soiling of 0.1-5% by weight of at least a cationic emulsifier comprised in the general formulaR--L--Q.sup.+ X.sup.-.sub.t (I)where:R=a chain of perfluoropolyoxyalkylene units;L=a divalent organic group;Q=a polar group;X=a halogen, or a group of formulaCH.sub.3 -Phenylene-SO.sub.3.sup.-R"SO.sub.3 --R"=F-(CF.sub.2).sub.m -;t=1 or 2;m=1-4.The polished containing the emulsifiers of formula (I) as well as the compounds comprised in said formula are claimed as new products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Assignee: Ausimont S.p.A.
    Inventors: Alba Chittofrati, Viviana Boselli, Giovanni Gavazzi, Ezio Strepparola, Renato Spiti, Silvia Tresoldi
  • Patent number: 5256716
    Abstract: A coating formulation for secure bonding attachment to surfaces of resilient or flexible articles, including plastic foam articles and comprising a highly adherent and coherent water-based film forming mixture for coating the surface of flexible foam articles. The working solution of the coating preferably has a formulation containing:ComponentAcrylic emulsion;Plasticizer;Coalescing agent;Polyacrylate thickener/rheology modifier;Defoamer;Surfactant;Ammonium hydroxide; andWater.The working solution is applied to the surfaces of the article being treated and the water solvent which is present evaporates at a significantly rapid rate in the ambient to form a thick coating having a substantially dry outer surface. The film remains securely bonded to the article even though flexed and otherwise roughly treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1993
    Assignee: PDI, Inc.
    Inventors: Scott Haasl, Mark Kenow
  • Patent number: 5252639
    Abstract: The molding resin composition of this invention comprises a resin contained a releasing a agents formulated with a release agent and a metal chelate compound.This resin composition is improved an good adhesivity, high moisture resistivity and a good moldability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1993
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Shinetsu Fujieda, Akira Yoshizumi, Kazutaka Matsumoto, Hisayuki Hirai
  • Patent number: 5153268
    Abstract: An improved nail lacquer which includes a film forming resin, a plasticizer and a solvent. The improvement relates to the utilization as the film forming resin of a graft copolymer which has a main backbone chain of acrylic ester monomer units and methacrylic ester monomer units. The main backbone chain has grafted thereto side chain units of carboxyl groups and side chain units of trialkoxysilyl groups. Nail coat compositions containing these film forming resins provide improved wear resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1992
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Gary E. Legrow, Milan F. Sojka
  • Patent number: 5110892
    Abstract: Stirrable reactive polyurethane adhesive compositions are packaged in a single container by separating the reactive components with a disperable barrier layer so as to delay reaction until the entire adhesive composition is stirred together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventor: Malcolm Graham
  • Patent number: 5086105
    Abstract: The present invention provides a filler-containing thermoplastic resin composition which is well balanced in dimensinoal stability, rigidity, heat resistance and impact strength. This composition comprises: (I) 100 parts by weight of a resin comprising 5-95% by weight of a polyphenylene ether resin, a mixture of a polyphenylene ether resin and a styrene resin or a graft polymer of a polyphenylene ether resin and styrene and 95-5% by weight of polyamide resin, (II) 0-50 parts by weight of a rubber-like material, (III) 2.0-50 parts by weight of an inorganic filler having an average particle size of 5.0.mu. or less and/or a glass fiber and (IV) 0.01-10 parts by weight of at least one compatibilizing agent which improves compatibility between the polyphenylene resin and the polyamide resin. Talc is preferred as the inorganic filler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroomi Abe, Taichi Nishio, Kaoru Kitadono
  • Patent number: 5081174
    Abstract: A formable, weldable, removable protective coating composition for use on metals, said coating comprising a combination of a base-neutralized acid-funtional copolymer and a wax lubricant, and further comprising a removability enhancing means such as phosphoric acid as an additive to the coating composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1992
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Ellor J. VanBuskirk
  • Patent number: 5034454
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are crosslinkable water-dispersible acrylic copolymers which are prepared by free-radical initiated polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated monomers containing independently an active hydrogen group, a carboxyl group and a sulfonic group, wherein the polymerization is conducted in the presence of a wax. In combination with curing agents, the crosslinkable compositions are particularly useful in imparting markedly improved flow to dip coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 23, 1991
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Rudolf Maska, David T. McKeough, David L. Holzinger, Susan D. Klejsmit
  • Patent number: 4942193
    Abstract: A formable, weldable, temporary protective coating for use on metals, said coating comprising a base-neutralized acid or base-functional copolymer which contains wax.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Ellor J. Van Buskirk, Rudolf Maska
  • Patent number: 4873276
    Abstract: Compatibilized mixtures of a polyphenylene ether, a polyamide and a compatibilizer are described. The mixtures have improved physical properties as a result of using in the mixtures a polyamide having a terminal amine group to terminal carboxyl group ratio of greater than 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1989
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Susumi Fujii, Hiromi Ishida, Masataka Morioka, Akihiro Saito, Roelof van der Meer
  • Patent number: 4822837
    Abstract: The mechanical properties of polyphenylene ether - polyamide mixtures are improved by the addition of an oxidized polyolefin wax. In addition, a phosphite is preferably added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1989
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Roelof van der Meer
  • Patent number: 4748196
    Abstract: A water repellent composition comprising an emulsion prepared by emulsifying in water (A) a wax having a melting point of from 40.degree. to 90.degree. C. and (B) an olefin-maleic anhydride derivative in the presence of (C) a water-soluble alkaline compound and/or a nonionic emulsifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1986
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1988
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Chemical Industries, Ltd., Yoshino Gpysum Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Kuroda, Toru Tagawa, Kiyoharu Yoshimi, Yasoji Ozawa
  • Patent number: 4659760
    Abstract: The mechanical properties of polyphenylene ether-polyamide mixtures are improved by the addition of an oxidized polyolefin wax. In addition, a phosphite is preferably added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1987
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Roelof van der Meer
  • Patent number: 4554083
    Abstract: Liquid leather-care compositions in the form of aqueous dispersions having a pH in the range of from about 7 to about 8, and containing the following non-aqueous constituents:(a) from about 15 to about 45% of at least one wax from the group consisting of carnauba wax, candelilla wax, and montanic acid ester wax;(b) from about 10 to about 30% lanolin;(c) from about 20 to about 45% of at least one dispersible, film-forming aliphatic polyurethane resin;(d) from about 1 to about 4% of at least one water-soluble polymeric polycarboxylic acid;(e) from about 6 to about 24% of at least one non-ionic emulsifier;(f) from 0 to about 2% of at least one water-soluble hydroxyalkylamine containing from 2 to 12 carbon atoms;(g) from 0 to about 5% of at least one of perfume oils, preservatives, foam inhibitors, emulsifying aids, and dyes; and(h) from 0 to 25% of at least one liquid flow promoter;where the above percentages are percentages by weight based on the total weight of the nonaqueous constituents and the sum of the no
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1984
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1985
    Assignee: Henkel KGaA
    Inventors: Heinz-Dieter Soldanski, Bernd-Dieter Holdt
  • Patent number: 4451603
    Abstract: Coating compositions which cure on baking to provide hard and flexible coatings characterized by superior abrasion resistance and mar resistance comprise:(1) a polyol component which is an adduct of at least a stoichiometric proportion of ethylene oxide or propylene oxide with a bisphenol;(2) a solution copolymer containing from 40% to 70% of isobutyl acrylate, 3% to 20% of hydroxy alkyl ester of a monoethylenic carboxylic acid, up to about 20% of monoethylenic carboxylic acid, and any balance consisting essentially of monomer containing a single ethylenic group and no other reactive group; and(3) aminoplast resin. The polyol constitutes from 20% to 40% of the three named components, the copolymer is present in an amount of from 85% to 150% of the polyol, and the balance of the three named components is the aminoplast resin. Carnauba wax is present in an amount of from 1 to 10 pounds of wax solids per 100 gallons of coating composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1984
    Assignee: DeSoto, Inc.
    Inventors: Kazys Sekmakas, Ronald L. Richards
  • Patent number: 4409373
    Abstract: This invention relates to adhesive composition. More particularly, this invention relates to adhesive compositions comprising polyamide (I) prepared by condensing dimeric higher fatty acids and monomeric fatty acids with polyether diamines and aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diamines and polyamide (II) prepared by condensing dimeric higher fatty acids and monomeric fatty acids with aliphatic or cycloaliphatic polyamines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1983
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Norbert Wiemers, Italo Albini
  • Patent number: RE35509
    Abstract: Compatiblized mixtures of a polyphenylene ether, a polyamide and a compatibilizer are described. The mixtures have improved physical properties as a result of using in the mixtures a polyamide having a terminal amine group to terminal carboxyl group ratio of greater than 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: General Electrical Company
    Inventors: Susumi Fujii, Hiromi Ishida, Masataka Morioka, Akihiro Saito, Roelof van der Meer