Nitrogen Ring Is Part Of A Ring System Having Three Or More Rings Fused Or Bridged Together Patents (Class 524/89)
  • Patent number: 7029748
    Abstract: A composition comprising Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) with a reduced emission of acrolein is obtained by contacting Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT) resin with an effective amount of a melt unstable, organic nitrogen-containing stabilizing compound. Such PTT resin has an acrolein formation rate at 280° C. of less than 15 ppm/minute. Preferably the residual acrolein content of the PTT resin is less than 5 ppm. Preferred additive compounds include amines, amino acids, amidines, urea and other N-compounds. The additive compounds are added to the polymer in molten state and/or to the resin, which is then processed to fibers, filaments, non-wovens, films and/or moldings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2006
    Assignee: Zimmer A.G.
    Inventors: Eckhard Seidel, Bernd Gemmel, Karl-Heinz Heldmann
  • Patent number: 7026380
    Abstract: A stabilizer mixture containing A) either (A1) at least one compound of the formula in which R1 is for example hydrogen or C1–C8alkyl; R2, R3, R5 and R6 are for example hydrogen, C1–C30alkyl or phenyl; R4 is for example C1–C30alkyl or 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidyl; and n1 is a number from 1 to 50; or (A2) at least one compound of the formulae wherein n2 and n2* are a number from 2 to 50; B) magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, zinc oxide, zinc hydroxide or an organic salt of zinc or magnesium; and C) either (C1) an UV absorber or (C2) a pigment or (C3) an UV absorber and a pigment; with the proviso that, when component A) is at least one compound of the formulae (IIIa) and (IIIb), component B) is magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide or an organic salt of zinc or magnesium. Such a stabilizer mixture is particularly useful for stabilizing a polyolefin against light-induced degradation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: François Gugumus
  • Patent number: 7019053
    Abstract: A stabilizer mixture containing A) for example at least one compound of the formula (I) wherein the radicals R1, independently of one another, are hydrogen, C1–C8alkyl, —O?, —CH2CN, C3–C6alkenyl, C7–C9phenylalkyl, C7–C9phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by C1–C4alkyl; or C1–C8acyl; and B) magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, zinc oxide, zinc hydroxide or an organic salt of zinc or magnesium, or a hydrotalcite; and C) either (C1) an UV absorber or (C2) a pigment or (C3) an UV absorber and a pigment. Such a stabilizer mixture is particularly useful for stabilizing a polyolefin against light-induced degradation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: François Gugumus
  • Patent number: 6982330
    Abstract: The present invention provides a new carbazole based compound represented by the following formula (1): wherein R is a substituent selected among a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an alkyl ether group, a sulfoamino group, a carbon cyclic group, a heterocyclic group and an aromatic cyclic group, “n” is integer, where at least one substituent other than the hydrogen atom are introduced and the each substituent may be the same or different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2006
    Assignee: Dai Nippon Printing Co., LTD
    Inventor: Kiyoshi Itou
  • Patent number: 6946517
    Abstract: A stabilizer mixture containing (A) for example a compound of the formula (A-I) wherein R1 is hydrogen or C1-C4alkyl, R2 is a direct bond or C1-C10alkylene and n1 is a number from 2 to 50; (B) a sterically hindered amine compound; and (C) anatase; with the proviso that the component (B) is different from a compound of the formula (A-I).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: François Gugumus
  • Patent number: 6919389
    Abstract: The invention discloses a stabilized resin composition comprising a thermoplastic resin and a stabilizing benzimidazole based additive compound. In a second embodiment, the invention discloses a method to make a stabilized composition comprising a benzimidazole based stabilizing compound and a resin, said method comprising mixing said benzimidazole based stabilizing compound with said resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2005
    Assignee: Crompton Corporation
    Inventors: William Palmer Enlow, Marshall D. Moore, Vaikunth Sitaram Prabhu, Tilak T. Raj, Arakali Srinivasarao Radhakrishna, Raju Kharatkar
  • Patent number: 6916867
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polyolefin compositions which comprise as UV absorber a synergistic mixture of a) at least one hydroxybenzophenone and at least one 2-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole with the proviso that the polyolefin is a high density polyethylene of the “Phillips” type or a polyethylene of the metallocene type; b) at least one hydroxybenzophenone and at least one 2-hydroxyphenyltriazine, with the proviso that if the polyolefin is polypropylene, no polyvinylpyridin is present c) at least one hydroxybenzophenone and at least one oxanilide; d) at least one 2-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole and at least one oxanilide; e) at least one 2-hydroxyphenyltriazine and at least one oxanilide; f) at least one hydroxybenzophenone, at least one 2-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole and at least one oxanilide; g) at least one hydroxybenzophenone, at least one oxanilide and at least one 2-hydroxyphenyltriazine; or h) at least one 2-hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole, at least one oxanilide and at least one 2-hydroxy phenyltriazin
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: François Gugumus
  • Patent number: 6908956
    Abstract: A description is given of a stabilizer composition comprising A) at least one nitrogen compound having a molecular weight of at least 150, selected from a secondary amine in which all substituents positioned ? to the amine nitrogen atom are different than hydrogen, or, derived from the secondary amine, a tertiary amine, hydroxylamine, alkoxyamine or amide; and B) at least one iron compound. The stabilizer composition optionally comprises nitroxyl radicals. It is suitable for stabilizing nonliving organic material, especially polyolefins or homopolymers or copolymers of styrene, against the effects of light, heat or oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2005
    Assignee: Basf Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Heinz Friedrich Sutoris, Sylke Haremza, Hubert Trauth, Erik Hofmann, Manfred Appel
  • Patent number: 6896726
    Abstract: The present invention relates to surface-treated organic pigments, to a process for their preparation and to their use in colouring a high molecular weight organic material. Compared with untreated pigments, the surface-treated pigments exhibit better rheological properties and/or no warping in the pigmenting of partially crystalline plastics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corp.
    Inventors: Philippe Bugnon, Caroline Sansonnens
  • Patent number: 6890977
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of compounds of the formula R1, R2, R3 and R4 independently of one another are hydrogen, halogen, R6, OR6 or SR6, R5 is hydrogen or linear or branched C1-C12alkyl, benzyl or phenethyl, and R6 is an apolar group which is unsubstituted or substituted one or more times by halogen or by OC1-C6alkyl, with the proviso that if R5 is hydrogen, R1, R2, R3 or R4 is R6, OR6 or SR6, as additives in the pigmentation of partially crystalline plastics, especially those processed by injection moulding, with pigments containing at least one each of groups which are joined to one another as or are in conjugation with one another. Preferred pigments are quinacridone pigments, disazo condensation pigments, isoindolinone pigments and pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole pigments, especially pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole pigments. Corresponding formulations and novel compounds are likewise claimed. By these means it is possible to avoid warping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Franck Rey Flandrin, Guo-Hua Hu, Philippe Bugnon, Zhimin Hao
  • Patent number: 6890377
    Abstract: Rylene dyes of the general formula I where R is hydrogen; unsubstituted or substituted C1-C30-alkyl, aryl or hetaryl; R? is unsubstituted or substituted C2-C30-alkyl or C5-C8-cycloalkyl, or substituted methyl; n is 0 or 1, their preparation and use for coloring high-molecular-weight organic and inorganic materials, and aminorylene-3,4-dicarboximide of the formula IV as their intermediates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignees: BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Wissenschaften e.V.
    Inventors: Arno Böhm, Matthias Krieger, Stefan Becker, Klaus Müllen
  • Patent number: 6827774
    Abstract: The invention relates to a compound of the 1-aminoanthraquinone, anthanthrone, anthrapyrimidine, quinacridone, dioxazine, diketopyrrolopyrrole, flavanthrone, indanthrone, isoindolinone, isoviolanthrone, perinone, perylene, phthalocyanine, pyranthrone or thioindigo series, which compound has one or more sulfonate groups of formula (I) wherein R1 is methyl or ethyl, R2 is C6-C24alkyl, C6-C24alkenyl or C7-C24aralkyl, R3 and R4 are each independently of the other a chain consisting 1, 2 or 3 members, each member independently of any other(s) being (CH2))2O—, —(CH2)3O—, CH(CH3)CH2O—, —CH2CH(CH3)—O— or —CH2CH(CH2O—)O—and the chains being terminated by H, CH3, C2H5 ?or C(═O)CH3, m is a number from 0.3 to 1.0 and n is number from 0 to (1.0−m), the compound being suitable for use as a pigment dispersant and rheology improver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Philippe Bugnon
  • Patent number: 6827775
    Abstract: The invention relates to a compound of the 1-aminoanthraquinone, anthanthrone, anthrapyrimidine, quinacridone, dioxazine, diketopyrrolopyrrole, flavanthrone, indanthrone, isoindolinone, isoviolanthrone, perinone, perylene, phthalocyanine, pyranthrone or thioindigo series, which compound has one or more sulfonate groups of formula (1) wherein R1 is methyl or ethyl, R2, R3? and R4 are each independently of the others C6-C24alkyl or C6-C24alkenyl, m is a number from 0.3 to 1.0 and n is a number from 0 to (1.0 m), the compound being suitable for use as a pigment dispersant and rheology improver. Also claimed are modified pigments having that compound on their surface, and also pigment compositions and dispersions comprising that compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: Philippe Bugnon
  • Patent number: 6821335
    Abstract: The invention relates to pigment preparations containing (a) at least one organic or inorganic pigment; (b) at least one cyclic imide of general formula (1) wherein R1 represents a linear-chain, branched or cyclic aliphatic radical having 10 to 30—preferably 12 to 25—carbon atoms, or an alkenyl radical having 10 to 30—preferably 12 to 25—carbon atoms, the aforementioned radicals being able to be substituted by at least one, e.g. 2, 3, 4 or 5, substituent from the group consisting of C1-C6-alkyl, C1-C6-alkoxy, C6-C10-aryl, hydroxy, carboxy, and sulfo, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are the same or different and represent hydrogen, C1-C10-alkyl, C1-C10-alkoxy, halogen, OR6, NR6R7, —COOR6, —CONR6R7, —NR6—COR7, SO2NR6R7, —SO3M, —NO2, —CN or CF3, R6 and R7 representing H or an alkyl radical having 1 to 10 C atoms and M representing an equivalent of a cation having a valency of 1 to 3; and (c) optionally further standard additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2004
    Assignee: Clariant GmbH
    Inventors: Martin Alexander Winter, Andreas Harz, Hans Joachim Metz
  • Patent number: 6818304
    Abstract: An optical film having a layer made of a transparent resin containing an anthraquinone type colorant and a diimmonium type colorant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2004
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takeomi Miyako, Hirotoshi Terui, Fumiko Kawasato, Ken Moriwaki
  • Publication number: 20040225037
    Abstract: Fluorescent polymeric materials are disclosed comprising a polymer and one or more lipid soluble rhodamine dyes. The materials are especially useful in the preparation of multicolored microparticles, especially multicolored polystyrene microparticle, for use in the multiplexed analysis of a plurality of analytes in a single sample. When excited by a light source, the materials give off a unique emission based on the nature, concentration and ratio of the dyes therein. Methods of preparing and using said materials are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2004
    Publication date: November 11, 2004
    Inventors: Joe Y.L. Lam, Steven M. Menchen, Ruiming Zou, Scott C. Benson
  • Patent number: 6797751
    Abstract: The contents of clear or lightly colored plastic containers or films are protected from ultraviolet radiation by the incorporation of certain UV absorbers of the class of durable benzotriazoles and tris-aryl-s-triazines in the container or film. Contents to be protected include foodstuffs, beverages, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, personal care products, shampoos and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 28, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen Mark Andrews, Joseph Suhadolnik, Mervin Gale Wood
  • Patent number: 6790884
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of compounds of the formula in which R1, R2, R3 and R4 independently of one another are hydrogen, halogen, R6, OR6 or SR6, R5 is hydrogen or linear or branched C1-C12alkyl, benzyl or phenethyl, and R6 is an apolar group which is unsubstituted or substituted one or more times by halogen or by OC1-C6alkyl, with the proviso that if R5 is hydrogen, R1, R2, R3 or R4 is R6, OR6 or SR6, as additives in the pigmentation of partially crystalline plastics, especially those processed by injection moulding, with pigments containing at least one each of groups which are joined to one another as or are in conjugation with one another. Preferred pigments are quinacridone pigments, disazo condensation pigments, isoindolinone pigments and pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole pigments, especially pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole pigments. Corresponding formulations and novel compounds are likewise claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Franck Rey Flandrin, Guo-Hua Hu, Philippe Bugnon, Zhimin Hao
  • Patent number: 6770710
    Abstract: The process comprises: (1) the preparation of a mixture comprising at least one organic monomer Z with a C═C group, polymerizable by a radical process, at least one organic photochromic compound, at least one surfactant, water and optionally a polymerization primer; (2) the treatment of the mixture obtained in step (1) in order to form a miniemulsion consisting of an organic phase dispersed in the form of droplets having a diameter of 50 to 500 nm, and preferably 50 to 300 nm, in an aqueous phase; (3) the addition to the miniemulsion of a polymerization primer, if this latter was not introduced in step (1), or of a quantity of primer additional to that added in step (1); (4) the polymerization of the reaction mixture obtained in step (3), and (5) the recovery of the photochromic latex.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Essilor International Compagnie Generale d'Optique
    Inventors: Anne Robert, Pascale Tardieu, Sylvette Maisonnier, Jean-Paul Cano
  • Patent number: 6767940
    Abstract: A golf ball comprising a core, a cover, and optionally an intermediate layer between the core and the cover, wherein a stable free radical is incorporated into at least one portion of the core, the cover, and the optional intermediate layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2004
    Assignee: Acushnet Company
    Inventors: Peter R. Voorheis, David A. Bulpett
  • Patent number: 6762224
    Abstract: The invention relates to novel soluble pigment precursors possessing not only higher thermal stability but also improved solubility characteristics and to a process for mass colouration of high temperature polymers that utilizes these novel soluble pigment precursors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Leonhard Feiler, Zhimin Hao
  • Patent number: 6759458
    Abstract: A black thermoplastic molding composition which containing a dye combination made from nonabsorbing, non-black polymer-soluble dyes which produce a black thermoplastic molding composition which is translucent or transparent to laser light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2004
    Assignee: Ticona GmbH
    Inventor: Frank Reil
  • Publication number: 20040122137
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an ultraviolet absorber composition which is formed by melt-mixing a compound (A) represented by formula (I): 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 12, 2004
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Inventors: Tohru Haruna, Shinichi Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 6737478
    Abstract: The invention relates to rubber compounds comprising at least one double bond-containing rubber, additions of rubber gels, phenolic resin adducts or phenol/formaldehyde condensation products, such as resols or novolaks, and optionally, further fillers and rubber auxiliary substances, and the vulcanizates and molded rubber articles produced from them. The rubber compounds according to the present invention are characterized in the uncrosslinked state by good processability (compound viscosity ML 1+4/100° C.<60 ME) and in the vulcanized state by Shore-A hardness values/23° C.>60, high impact resilience values E/23° C.>60% and a low specific density. The vulcanizates are suitable for the production of industrial rubber articles and for various tire components, such as roll coverings, conveyor belt coverings, belts, spinning cops, seals, golf ball cores, shoe soles and bead compounds, tire carcasses, subtread compounds and tire sidewalls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Werner Obrecht, Anthony Sumner
  • Patent number: 6734231
    Abstract: The present invention relates to easily distributable pigment compositions consisting essentially of pigment and urea-aldehyde resin, wherein the weight ratio of pigment to urea-aldehyde resin is generally in the range of 40:60 to 90:10, a process for their production and their use in pigmenting high molecular weight organic materials. Due to the excellent dispersibility of the pigment compositions of this invention, uniform distribution of pigment particles throughout the entire application media and, therefore, excellent color consistency is readily achieved. Products, for example solvent paints, spread coatings and powder coatings, comprising the stir-in pigment compositions show high color strength, high gloss and low haze as well as very good light fastness and weathering fastness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Gerardus Lambertus Creusen, Leonardus Johannes Hubertus Erkens, Robertus Josef Mathijs Hermans, Nico Adelin Valentin Roox
  • Publication number: 20030214228
    Abstract: The present invention provides a new carbazole based compound represented by the following formula (1): 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 24, 2003
    Publication date: November 20, 2003
    Inventor: Kiyoshi Itou
  • Patent number: 6638997
    Abstract: Hindered amines substituted on the N-atom with an —O—E—OH moiety are particularly effective in stabilizing polyolefin and automotive coating compositions against the deleterious effects of oxidative, thermal and actinic radiation where the presence of the OH group on the compounds adds important properties not attainable by the use of normal —O—E moieties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: James P. Galbo, Gerald A. Capocci, Nancy N. Cliff, Robert E. Detlefsen, Michael P. DiFazio, Ramanathan Ravichandran, Peter Solera
  • Patent number: 6613818
    Abstract: The invention relates to a coating composition for preparing a back coating film of a mirror. This mirror serving as an anticorrosive mirror has a glass substrate, a silver mirror film that comprises silver and is formed on a back surface of the glass substrate, a metallic protective film that comprises a first metal and is formed on the silver mirror film, and the back coating film formed on the metallic protective film. The coating composition is substantially free of a lead component and comprises (a) a vehicle containing a synthetic resin, (b) a first salt formed by a neutralization of an acid with a base containing a second metal having an ionization tendency that is greater than the silver and the first metal, and (c) a basic compound selected from the group consisting of azoles and diamines. The acid is one compound selected from the group consisting of organic acids each containing an azole ring and unsubstituted and substituted carbamic acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Motoyuki Sakatoku, Kenichi Hayashi, Yoshihisa Tamura, Yutaka Mori
  • Publication number: 20030153005
    Abstract: Naphthalene-1,4,5,8-tetracarboxylic bisimides of the general formula I 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2002
    Publication date: August 14, 2003
    Inventors: Gunter Schmid, Christoph Thalacker, Frank Wurthner
  • Patent number: 6605682
    Abstract: The invention provides a resin molded article for optical products comprising a copolymer predominantly composed of methyl methacrylate and a styrenic monomer, wherein the number of foreign bodies contained in the resin molded article having a length of 210 mm, a width of 210 mm and a thickness of 3 mm as visually examined using a strain meter is about 150 or less, which is useful for a light transmitting plate employed in a liquid crystal display device because the possibility that the display screen looks whitely turbid due to the warp of the light transmitting plate, is reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Ikuo Morisada, Kenji Manabe
  • Publication number: 20030100637
    Abstract: This invention provides encapsulated type fluorescent retroreflective sheeting which is excellent in appearance and weatherability, and which comprises a surface-protective layer disposed on the side on which light is to strike, a binder layer connected to the surface-protective layer through network bonding parts, an air layer which is sealed-up by the network bonding parts between the surface-protective layer and the binder layer, and a retroreflective element layer disposed between the surface-protective layer and the air layer, or between the binder layer and the air layer, wherein at least one layer located on the light-incident side of sealed-up air layer contains at least one fluorescent dye selected from the group consisting of benzimidazole coumarin type-fluorescent dyes of formula (1) as follows: 1
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Publication date: May 29, 2003
    Inventors: Ikuo Mimura, Akihiro Matsuda, Takashi Yoshioka
  • Patent number: 6545071
    Abstract: A stabilizer mixture containing A) for example at least one compound of the formula (I)  wherein the radicals R1, independently of one another, are hydrogen, C1-C8alkyl, —O, —CH2CN, C3-C6alkenyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl, C7-C9phenylalkyl which is substituted on the phenyl radical by C1-C4alkyl; or C1-C8acyl; and B) magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide, zinc oxide, zinc hydroxide or an organic salt of zinc or magnesium, or a hydrotalcite; and C) either (C1) an UV absorber or (C2) a pigment or (C3) an UV absorber and a pigment. Such a stabilizer mixture is particularly useful for stabilizing a polyolefin against light-induced degradation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2003
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventor: François Gugumus
  • Publication number: 20030004235
    Abstract: 2H-Benzotriazole UV absorbers substituted at the 3-position and/or the 5-position of the phenyl ring by a phenyl moiety which is substituted by a heteroatom are particularly photostable in automotive coatings, and are of low color and exhibit low volatility in thermoplastic compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 13, 2002
    Publication date: January 2, 2003
    Inventors: Mervin G. Wood, Stephen D. Pastor, Jacqueline Lau, Michael DiFazio, Joseph Suhadolnik
  • Patent number: 6492441
    Abstract: The present invention relates to organic anti-reflective coating polymers and preparation methods therefor. Anti-reflective coatings are used in a semiconductor device during photolithography processes to prevent the reflection of light from lower layers of the device, or resulting from changes in the thickness of the photoresist layer, and to eliminate the standing wave effect when ArF light is used. The present invention also relates to anti-reflective compositions and coatings containing these organic anti-reflective coating polymers, alone or in combination with certain light-absorbing compounds, and preparation methods therefor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2002
    Assignee: Hyundai Electronics Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sung-Eun Hong, Min-Ho Jung, Hyeong-Soo Kim, Ki-Ho Baik
  • Patent number: 6489382
    Abstract: Preparations of solids comprising a) at least one particulate solid and b) a water-dispersible graft copolymer built up from at least one hydrophobic, ethylenically unsaturated monomer, optionally one or more ethylenically unsaturated hydrophilic monomers, and at least one natural protective colloid or protective colloid obtained from a natural protective colloid by derivatization or thermal, enzymatic, oxidative, hydrolytic or bacteriological degradation having an average molar mass of Mn>500 g/mol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2002
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Heinz Giesecke, Bernd Hauschel, Peter-Roger Nyssen, Dirk Pfützenreuter
  • Patent number: 6486319
    Abstract: The invention relates to rylene dyes of the general formula (I), wherein the variables have the following meanings: R represents hydrogen; optionally substituted C1-C30 alkyl-C5-C8-cycloalkyl, aryl or hetaryl; R′ represents optionally substituted C2-C30 alkyl or C5-C8 cycloalkyl, substituted methyl; and n is 0 or 1. The invention also relates to the preparation and use of said dyes for coloring highly molecular organic and inorganic materials and to 9-amino-perylene-3,4-dicarboxylic acid imides (Va) as their intermediate products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2002
    Assignees: BASF Aktiengesellschaft, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Wissenschaften e.V.
    Inventors: Arno Böhm, Heinrich Schmeisser, Stefan Becker, Klaus Müllen
  • Patent number: 6469076
    Abstract: A photochromic compound which by itself develops a color tone of a neutral tint, exhibits a large fading rate and offers a good photochromic light resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: Tokuyama Corporation
    Inventors: Junji Momoda, Yasuko Komuro
  • Patent number: 6458872
    Abstract: Benzotriazole UV absorbers which are substituted at the 5-position of the benzo ring by an electron withdrawing group exhibit enhanced durability and very low loss rates when incorporated into automotive coatings. This is particularly the case when the 3-position of the phenyl ring is also substituted by phenyl or phenylalkyl such as &agr;-cumyl. Compounds where the 5-position of the benzo ring are substituted by perfluoroalkyl such as trifluoromethyl are particularly of interest for both their enhanced durability and for their excellent solubility and excellent color properties in some thermoplastic compositions when the phenyl ring is substituted at the 3-position by hydrogen or tert-alkyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Ramanathan Ravichandran, Joseph Suhadolnik, Mervin G. Wood, Anthony Debellis, Robert E. Detlefsen, Revathi Iyengar, Jean-Pierre Wolf
  • Publication number: 20020136912
    Abstract: Optical brighteners are widely used for decreasing the apparent yellowness of polymeric materials. Polyethylene, as a coating film for photographic paper has presented unique problems because of its general lack of compatibility with conventional, large, fluorescent brightener molecules. The present invention provides a solution to this problem by incorporating into the polyethylene an optical brightener compatibilizing amount of a second polyolefin having alkyl groups pendant from the polymer backbone which serves to reduce the exudation of the optical brightener in articles or substrates comprised of or coated with such compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 1999
    Publication date: September 26, 2002
    Inventor: GETHER IRICK
  • Patent number: 6448313
    Abstract: Aqueous compositions are provided which are useful for forming temporary protective coatings on metallic substrates. The aqueous compositions may contain polyvinyl alcohol, surfactant and corrosion inhibitor. The protective coating may be easily removed once the substrate has been formed or otherwise shaped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventor: Bhanu D. Patel
  • Patent number: 6437035
    Abstract: A thermoplastic elastomer composition for use in automotive interiors, wallcoverings, upholstery, advertising banners and films and tenting which comprises a major amount of a thermoplastic elastomer or elastomers having a weight average melt index of less than 6, a minor amount of a polymeric elastomer, a flame retardant, a maleated polypropylene, and a filler material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: RJF International Corporation
    Inventor: Robert E. Young
  • Patent number: 6417293
    Abstract: The present invention, therefore, relates to a method for preparing a thermoplastic elastomer, said method comprising: (I) mixing (A) a thermoplastic resin comprising more than 50 percent by volume of a polyester resin other than poly(butylene terephthalate), said thermoplastic resin having a softening point of 23° C. to 300° C., (B) a silicone elastomer comprising (B′) 100 parts by weight of a diorganopolysiloxane gum having a plasticity of at least 30 and having an average of at least 2 alkenyl groups in its molecule and, optionally, (B″) up to 200 parts by weight of a reinforcing filler, the weight ratio of said silicone elastomer (B) to said thermoplastic resin (A) being greater than 35:65 to 85:15, (C) 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Igor Chorvath, Craig Steven Gross, Kenneth Gerard Gruszynski, Michael Kang-Jen Lee, Jun Liao, Koji Nakanishi, Richard Leroy Rabe, David Joseph Romenesko
  • Patent number: 6414057
    Abstract: Photochromic compounds belonging to the group of spiro-isoindolino-oxazines having general formula (I). The above photochromatic compounds having general formula (I) have excellent photochromic characteristics, excellent stress resistance and high dyability characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Great Lakes Chemical (Europe) GmbH
    Inventors: Luciana Crisci, William Giroldini, Vincenzo Malatesta, Maria Lucia Wis
  • Patent number: 6414058
    Abstract: The color stability of thermoplastic polymers comprising structural units derived from at least one 1,3-dihydroxybenzene and at least one organodicarboxylic acid is enhanced by combination with at least one photobleachable 4-aminocinnamic compound such as 4-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde. The latter absorbs radiation in the range between about 360 nanometers and about 390 nanometers, balancing the radiation absorbed by hydroxybenzophenone moieties formed in the polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Alexander Isaakovich Shakhnovich
  • Patent number: 6410620
    Abstract: The color stability of thermoplastic polymers comprising structural units derived from at least one 1,3-dihydroxybenzene and at least one organodicarboxylic acid is enhanced by combination with at least one photobleachable 4-aminocinnamic compound such as 4-dimethylaminocinnamaldehyde. The latter absorbs radiation in the range between about 360 nanometers and about 390 nanometers, balancing the radiation absorbed by hydroxybenzophenone moieties formed in the polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Alexander Isaakovich Shakhnovich
  • Patent number: 6399681
    Abstract: A colored thermoplastic resin composition comprising a crystalline thermoplastic resin containing a black dye or a black dye and a fibrous reinforcing material, wherein said black dye is a black dye obtainable by a reaction of one or more anionic surfactants selected from the group consisting of (a) to (d) below and nigrosine, and wherein the crystallizing temperature is lower than that of the original thermoplastic resin containing no black dye, (a) a sulfuric acid ester surfactant (b) a phosphoric acid ester surfactant (c) a sulfonic acid surfactant (d) a carboxylic acid surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: Orient Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tohru Tsuruhara, Akihiko Hayashi, Hiroshi Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 6395809
    Abstract: Water-insoluble nigrosine compound which is a salt of nigrosine with sulfuric acid and/or phosphoric acid, crystalline resin composition containing the nigrosine compound, and fiber-reinforced crystalline resin molded product comprising a crystalline resin and a fibrous reinforcing material and the nigrosine compound both contained therein, wherein the surface gloss is higher than that of the fiber-reinforced crystalline resin molded product with nigrosine as a substitute for said nigrosine compound. Methods for lowering the crystallization temperature of a crystalline resin, improving the fluidity of a crystalline resin, and improving the surface gloss of a crystalline resin, by incorporating the water-insoluble nigrosine in the crystalline resin respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2002
    Assignee: Orient Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Akihiko Hayashi, Tohru Turuhara
  • Patent number: 6387296
    Abstract: Paper coating slips having high whiteness, high greying limit and high lightfastness can be prepared with the aid of whitened finely divided plastics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2002
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Udo Eckstein, Joachim König, Fritz Puchner, Ulrich Feldhues, Matthias Köcher, Uwe Vogt, Eckhard Wenderoth
  • Patent number: 6384177
    Abstract: An amine catalyst for production of a polyurethane and a polyisocyanurate is provided which comprises a quaternary ammonium compound represented by General Formula (1): where R1 to R6 are independently a linear or branched saturated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms; R7 and R8 are independently a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group of 2 to 12 carbon atoms; n is a number of 0 to 3, provided that at n=o any one of R1, R2 and R3, and R5 and/or R6 may be linked together to form a heterocycle, or at n=1, 2, or 3, R5 or R6 and R4 may be linked together to form a heterocycle; A is a carbonate group or an organic acid group; and X is number of 1 to 2. The catalyst has high activity in formation of polyurethane foams and polyisocyanurate foams, having less odor, and producing foams of high fire retardance, having high curability, high retarding effect, and low corrosiveness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Tosoh Corporation
    Inventors: Katsumi Tokumoto, Yutaka Tamano, Shuichi Okuzono
  • Patent number: 6384097
    Abstract: An amine catalyst for production of a polyurethane and a polyisocyanurate is provided which comprises a quaternary ammonium compound represented by General Formula (1): where R1 to R6 are independently a linear or branched saturated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms; R7 and R8 are independently a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group of 2 to 12 carbon atoms; n is a number of 0 to 3, provided that at n=0 any one of R1, R2 and R3, and R5 and/or R6 may be linked together to form a heterocycle, or at n=1, 2, or 3, R5 or R6 and R4 may be linked together to form a heterocycle; A is a carbonate group or an organic acid group; and X is number of 1 to 2. The catalyst has high activity in formation of polyurethane foams and polyisocyanurate foams, having less odor, and producing foams of high fire retardance, having high curability, high retarding effect, and low corrosiveness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Tosoh Corporation
    Inventors: Katsumi Tokumoto, Yutaka Tamano, Shuichi Okuzono