Reactant, Condensate, Or Solid Polymer Contains An Element Other Than C, H, N, Or O; Or Wherein A Coreactant Is Not An Aldehyde Or Aldehyde-type Reactant, Alcohol, Amine, Or Reactant Containing A N-c(=o)- Group Patents (Class 525/158)
  • Patent number: 8710147
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for preparing a hydroxyl functionalized polymer from a Lewis acid promoted carbonyl-ene reaction comprising: selecting a vinylidene terminated polyolefin having a number average molecular weight from about 950 to about 5000 and having a terminal vinylidene content greater than 50 mole percent; selecting a carbonyl enophile; selecting a Lewis acid; and contacting the components in step a), b) and c) under reactive conditions to form the hydroxyl functionalized polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Chevron Oronite Company LLC.
    Inventors: Richard E. Cherpeck, Ruth Smocha
  • Patent number: 8101674
    Abstract: A pharmaceutical/medical rubber compound contains the following components: (A) a composition obtainable by crosslinking (a) 100 parts by weight of an isobutylene polymer having terminal alkenyl groups with (d) a hydrosilyl-containing compound in the presence of (b) from 5 to 100 parts by weight of a polyolefin and (c) from 5 to 100 parts by weight of polybutene during melt kneading, and (B) an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene powder. Compared with conventional thermoplastic elastomers, the pharmaceutical/medical rubber compound and its molded article are free from deformations and have sufficient permanent set resistance even under high temperature conditions, have excellent mechanical properties, low water absorption property, low reactivity and superb gas barrier properties, and can withstand high-temperature sterilization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Daikyo Seiko, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasushi Kawauchi, Katsuhiko Kimura
  • Patent number: 7550206
    Abstract: Emulgator-free microgel, dispersed in an aqueous phase, obtainable by producing a polyacrylate (A) in the presence of at least one compound (B) containing a phosphonic acid group, where the polyacrylate (A) has at least one hydroxyl group and at least one carboxyl group; aqueous phase crosslinking of the reaction mixture originating from step a) with an aminoplast resin (C); subsequent emulsion polymerization of the reaction mixture originating from step b) with at least one monomer compound (D) which contains at least one radically polymerizable double bond.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Bollig & Kemper GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Horst Muller
  • Patent number: 7160947
    Abstract: Graft copolymers providing soil release benefits in laundry detergent compositions contain backbone units derived from an ethylenically unsaturated monomer, hydrophilic uncharged side chains, and cationically chargeable or charged side chains containing a tertiary or quaternary nitrogen atom. Preferred copolymers have a methacrylate backbone with polyethylene oxide and 2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) side chains. The graft copolymers may be prepared by radical polymerisation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2007
    Assignee: Unilever Home & Personal Care USA division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Per Martin Claesson, Petrus Wilhelmus Nicolaas de Groot, Donna MacNab, Albert van der Wal, Becky Zhou
  • Patent number: 7151137
    Abstract: The invention provides water-soluble or water-swellable copolymers obtained by free-radical copolymerization of A) acryloyldimethyltaurine and/or acryloyldimethyltaurates, B) if desired, one or more other olefinically unsaturated, optionally crosslinking comonomers containing at least one oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur or phosphorus atom and possessing a molecular weight of less than 500 g/mol, the copolymerization C) taking place in the presence of at least one polymeric additive having a number-average molecular weight of from 200 g/mol to 109 g/mol. The water-soluble or water-swellable copolymers of the present invention are useful in paper processing, laundry detergents, textile processing, petroleum extraction and formulating cosmetics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: Clariant GmbH
    Inventors: Roman Morschhäuser, Matthias Löffler
  • Patent number: 7019071
    Abstract: A binder for inorganic fiber, which comprises an aldehyde condensable thermosetting resin precursor and a fluorocarbon compound having a polyfluoroalkyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 28, 2006
    Assignee: Asahi Fiber Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Akira Inoue, Yuka Masaki, Manabu Iizuka
  • Patent number: 6713587
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrodepositable coating composition having a resinous phase dispersed in an aqueous medium. The resinous phase includes (a) an ungelled, active hydrogen-containing, ionic salt group-containing resin; and (b) a curing agent reactive with the active hydrogens of the resin (a). The resinous phase has a covalently bonded halogen content based on total weight of resin solids present in the resinous phase such that when the composition is electrodeposited and cured, the cured film passes flame resistance testing in accordance with IPC-TM-650, and has a dielectric constant of less than or equal to 3.50. The invention also is directed to a method for forming a dielectric coating on an electroconductive substrate using the electrodepositable coating composition, as well as to a substrate coated with the electrodepositable composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory J. McCollum, Thomas C. Moriarity, Kevin C. Olson, Michael G. Sandala, Alan E. Wang, Craig A. Wilson, Steven R. Zawacky
  • Patent number: 6596786
    Abstract: There is provided a radiation-curable coating composition containing oligomers that each have two end groups X1 and X2, wherein the end groups X1 and X2, which may be the same or different, are a photoinitiator group or an adhesion promoter group. The coating composition may exclude the presence of non-reactive photoinitiator groups and non-reactive adhesion promoter groups, each of which would fail to covalently bond itself to an oligomer backbone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: Alcatel
    Inventors: Michael B. Purvis, Igor V. Khudyakov, Bob Overton, Todd W. Gantt
  • Patent number: 6294014
    Abstract: A pigment dispersion comprising pigment, an aqueous carrier selected from water and a mixture of water and at least one organic solvent, and a pigment dispersant is described. The pigment dispersant is prepared by controlled radical polymerization, e.g., atom transfer radical polymerization, of a radically polymerizable monomer in the presence of a polymeric initiator having at least one radically transferable group. The polymeric initiator forms the polymeric backbone segment of the pigment dispersant, and the monomer forms polymeric segments that are pendent to the polymeric backbone segment. The pigment dispersant has comb-like architecture in which the polymeric backbone segment is hydrophobic, and at least a portion of each pendent polymeric segment is hydrophilic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian E. Woodworth, Simion Coca, James B. O'Dwyer
  • Patent number: 6168866
    Abstract: A curable fluorine-containing coating composition comprising: (i) an amino resin; (ii) an addition fluoropolymer comprising a copolymer of a fluorinated monomer having a fluorocarbon group of at least 3 carbons, and a non-fluorinated monomer having a crosslinking group capable of reacting with said amino resin at elevated temperatures; and (iii) a hardening agent capable of crosslinking with said amino resin at elevated temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2001
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Gregory D. Clark
  • Patent number: 5629382
    Abstract: Self-extinguishing polymeric compositions comprising ammonium polyphosphate aving the general formula (I):(NH.sub.4).sub.n+2 P.sub.n O.sub.3n+1 (I)microencapsulated with condensation compounds obtained by means of the polymerization of polyaminic compositions essentially constituted by derivatives of 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine, having the general formula (II): ##STR1## with aldehydes, preferably formaldehyde.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: Ministero Dell'Universita'e Della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica
    Inventors: Roberto Cipolli, Roberto Oriani, Enrico Masarati, Gilberto Nucida
  • Patent number: 5606011
    Abstract: Condensation compounds obtained by means of the polymerization of polyami compositions essentially constituted by derivatives of 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine, having the general formula (I): ##STR1## with aldehydes, preferably formaldehyde.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1997
    Assignee: Ministero Dell'Universita' e Della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica
    Inventors: Roberto Cipolli, Roberto Oriani, Enrico Masarati, Gilberto Nucida
  • Patent number: 5576391
    Abstract: Ammonium polyphosphate having the general formula (I):(NH.sub.4).sub.n+2 P.sub.n O.sub.3n+1 (I)microencapsulated with condensation compounds obtained by means of the polymerization of polyaminic compositions essentially constituted by derivatives of 2,4,6-triamino-1,3,5-triazine, having the general formula (II): ##STR1## with aldehydes, preferably formaldehyde.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Ministero Dell'Universita' E Della Ricerca Scientifica E Tecnologica
    Inventors: Roberto Cipolli, Roberto Oriani, Enrico Masarati, Gilberto Nucida
  • Patent number: 5549963
    Abstract: A treated fibrous polyamide substrate having durable resistance to staining by acid colorants comprising a fibrous polyamide substrate having applied thereto an aqueous solution of a partially sulfonated, partially phosphated resol resin; which aqueous solution may include polymethylmethacrylates or combinations thereof, and that may include a fluorochemical; and the method of treating said substrate, and the resol resins themselves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: Trichromatic Carpet Inc.
    Inventors: Yassin M. Elgarhy, Barry R. Knowlton
  • Patent number: 5424364
    Abstract: The polymeric pigment dispersants of this invention are polyester/acrylic comb polymers which are the reaction product of 20-85% of a carboxylic functional polyester copolymer, 10-50% of an oxirane substituted acrylic copolymer, and 2 to 20% of an imide compound. These materials disperse a wide variety of pigments and are useful in solvent borne coatings where they can provide improved efficiency of pigment use, lower paint viscosity, and reduced emission of volatile organic solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1995
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Company
    Inventors: John A. Simms, Michael W. J. West
  • Patent number: 5395872
    Abstract: Double-component acrylic adhesive compositions are disclosed, in which:(a) the adhesive component comprises a mono-functional acrylic monomer, a loro-sulfonated polyolefin and a crosslinker selected from difunctional silicon derivatives;(b) the activating component is a typical aldehyde-amine condensation product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1995
    Assignee: Ministero Dell'Universita' e Della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica
    Inventors: Vittorio Di Ruocco, Fabio Garbassi
  • Patent number: 5356996
    Abstract: Disclosed is a coating composition including: (a) an acrylic polymer prepared by copolymerizing about 2.5 to about 30% by weight of an alkoxysilane-containing vinyl monomer which is represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein A is ##STR2## R.sub.1 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, R.sub.2 is a bivalent aliphatic saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, R.sub.3 and R.sub.4 are the same or different and are each a phenyl group, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms or an alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, R.sub.5 is an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and n is an integer of 1 to 100, about 5 to about 50% by weight of an acetoacetoxy-containing vinyl monomer and about 20 to about 92.5% by weight of a vinyl monomer which is copolymerizable with the above vinyl monomers, and (b) an amino resin in an amount of about 5 to about 50% by weight based on the total amount of resin solids in the coating composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1994
    Assignee: Kansai Paint Company, Limited
    Inventors: Yasushi Nakao, Junshi Adachi, Motoshi Yabuta
  • Patent number: 5298539
    Abstract: New additives in rubber compositions improve tire cord adhesion without need to use resorcinol. The new additives are derivatives of melamine, aceto guanamine, benzoguanamine, cyclohexylguanamine, and glycoluril, substituted with at least two vinyl-terminated radicals. Preferred compounds may also be substituted with at least one radical having a carbamylmethyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1994
    Assignee: Cytec Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Balwant Singh, John A. Sedlak
  • Patent number: 5028456
    Abstract: A curable polyester composition having improved properties is described, and the curable polyester composition comprises:(A) at least one unsaturated polyester resin;(B) at least one hydrocarbon monomer copolymerizable with the polyester; and(C) at least one aryl sulfonamide-aldehyde resin.When the curable polyester composition is to be used as a plastic body filler, the curable polyester composition generally will be modified to include (D) at least one inorganic filler which may comprise a mixture of an inorganic powder and inorganic hollow microspheres.The curable polyester resin compositions of the invention are useful as plastic body fillers for repairing metal surfaces, and the curable compositions have been found to be particularly useful and advantageous as plastic body fillers for galvanized steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1991
    Assignee: Oatey Company
    Inventor: Paul E. Naton
  • Patent number: 4977237
    Abstract: New process for manufacturing urea/formaldehyde resins.New process, according to which a urea/formaldehyde precondensate containing monomethylolacrylamidomethyleneurea is added to the urea/formaldehyde resins.Applications for the gluing of wood, in aminoplastic resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Assignee: Norsolor S.A.
    Inventors: Roger Garrigue, Jack Lalo
  • Patent number: 4977238
    Abstract: Precondensates of urea and formaldehyde containing monomethylolacrylamidomethyleneurea are produced from pure acrylamidomethyleneurea and urea/formaldehyde precondensate or from the starting substances used for the manufacture of acrylamidomethyleneurea with formaldehyde. They are useful additives for aminoplastic resins, which in turn may be used as glue in the manufacture of chipboard sheets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Assignee: Norsolor S.A.
    Inventors: Roger Garrigue, Jack Lalo
  • Patent number: 4772641
    Abstract: Aqueous gel-forming compositions are prepared by reacting for 1-10 hours at 50.degree.-95.degree. C., melamine, formaldehyde and a sulfurous acid salt with the optional addition of a gel-modifying agent and/or a gelling agent which is added to the composition immediately prior to use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1988
    Assignee: Pfizer Inc.
    Inventors: Clifford N. Meltz, Gordon D. Gruetzmacher, Ping W. Chang
  • Patent number: 4666986
    Abstract: There is disclosed the reaction product of an N-(substituted oxymethyl)melamine and a 2-mercaptoarylthiazole and its use as an adhesion promoter to improve rubber to metal wire adhesion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1987
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: William W. Schloman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4659768
    Abstract: There is disclosed a thermosetting solvent solution coating composition comprising volatile organic solvent having dissolved therein at least about 45% of a fluorocarbon polymer together with at least about 10% of a hydroxy-functional organic soluble copolymer of from 3% to 8% of 2-hydroxyethyl acrylate, balance consisting essentially of nonreactive monoethylenically unsaturated monomers, and an aminoplast curing agent in an amount to cure the hydroxy-functional copolymer, These coatings exhibit improved water spot resistance and minimum color change and gloss reduction on exterior exposure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1987
    Assignee: DeSoto, Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony J. Tortorello, Clark A. Higginbotham
  • Patent number: 4564657
    Abstract: Rapidly curable adhesive compositions suitable for bonding polypropylene, comprising a polymer of sulfochlorinated and/or chlorinated polypropylene with an average chlorine content of 26% to 34% by weight, and an average molecular weight of 5,000 to 120,000, dissolved in monomeric ingredients such as acrylic and/or methacrylic monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 14, 1986
    Assignee: Sanyo Kokusaku Pulp Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshihiko Nishikubo, Kazuo Shimizu
  • Patent number: 4537923
    Abstract: Polyalkylpiperidinesulfonic acid esters of the formulae I and IIB--X--O--SO.sub.2 --A).sub.m (I)(B'--X--O--SO.sub.2).sub.2 A' (II),in which A, A', B, B', X and m are as defined in claim 1, the polyalkylpiperidine group being present in each of the substituents B and B'. These esters are suitable for use as curing catalysts for acid-curable resins and act therein, at the same time, as light stabilizers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1985
    Assignee: Ciba Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: Mario Slongo, Friedrich Karrer
  • Patent number: 4468495
    Abstract: Fire retardant compositions in the form of a powder are produced from the following components:______________________________________ Component Parts by Weight ______________________________________ Aldehyde 70-110 Ammonium phosphate 120-180 Ammonium sulfate 120-180 Urea 120-180 Alkanolamine 35-50 Phosphoric acid 100-150 ______________________________________Also provided are fire retardant compositions containing the powder, and methods for treating substrates such as paper or wood to impart fire retardant properties thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1984
    Inventor: Glenn A. Pearson
  • Patent number: 4461862
    Abstract: There are described certain polymeric compositions which are made flame retarding, provide an incandescent char-forming crust, are not dropping and do not promote toxic fumes, in view of the addition, on 100 parts in weight of polymer, of 5-40 parts in weight of the reaction product between an acid of the phosphorus and at least a hydroxyalchyl derivative of at least a compound selected between the isocyanuric acid, the melamine and the urea, and, in a modified embodiment, in addition to the above indicated reaction product, of 5-30 parts in weight of a polymer of an ammonium polyphosphate of formula (NH.sub.4 PO.sub.3).sub.n", wherein n" is greater than 20. In a further modified embodiment there is added amine phosphate, such as the ortho- or pyrophosphate of melamine, in amount of 1-10 parts in weight. The reaction product as above comprises in its molecule the formulaN--(R).sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1981
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Inventor: Ludwig Eigenmann
  • Patent number: 4459386
    Abstract: For the production of acrylonitrile polymers containing phosphonic acid groups and having phosphorus contents of 1-17% by weight, homo- or copolymers of acrylonitrile having molecular weights of 1,000-200,000 are reacted at temperatures of 120.degree.-220.degree. C. with 0.2-8 moles of phosphorous acid per mole of nitrile group. Preferably, a melt is prepared from phosphorous acid, and the acrylonitrile polymer is added thereto in metered quantities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1984
    Assignee: Chemische Werke Huels Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Raban Grundmann
  • Patent number: 4376178
    Abstract: A stable polyol-alkali metal silicate emulsion is produced by mixing an aqueous solution of an alkali metal silicate or alkali metal metasilicate pentahydrate, a liquid polyol and a small amount of a salt of an alkali metal compound and a weak acid while heating the mixture to between 40.degree. C. and 100.degree. C. and agitating until the mixture emulsifies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1982
    Date of Patent: March 8, 1983
    Inventor: David H. Blount
  • Patent number: 4350790
    Abstract: Thermosetting high solids coating compositions which: (i) cure, at least in part, by reaction between an amine-aldehyde compound and hydroxyl functionality on a film-forming component, which hydroxyl functionality is either generated in situ during the cure of the composition or is both generated in situ during cure and is present on the film-forming component prior to curing; (ii) are adapted for low temperature bake applications; and (iii) contain greater than about 55% by weight of nonvolatile solids. The claimed high solids coating compositions, exclusive of pigments, solvents and other nonreactive components, consist essentially of:(A) a film-forming component selected from the group consisting of an epoxy functional copolymer and polyepoxide resin;(B) a latent reactive catalyst comprising the reaction product of (i) a copolymer bearing pendent epoxy functionality, and (ii) a particular sulfonic acid;(C) an amine-aldehyde crosslinking agent; and(D) an optional hydroxy functional additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1981
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1982
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Mohinder S. Chattha
  • Patent number: 4323660
    Abstract: Thermosetting compositions comprising: (A) a sulfonic acid ester comprising the reaction product of an epoxy functional polymer bearing hydroxyl functionality, and a sulfonic acid having the formula ##STR1## wherein R is selected from linear or branched alkyl groups and aryl groups; and (B) an amine aldehyde crosslinking agent.During cure of the composition, component (A) breaks down to form not only a reactive sulfonic acid catalyst, but also the hydroxy functional film forming material which crosslinks with the amine aldehyde crosslinking agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1982
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Mohinder S. Chattha
  • Patent number: 4322554
    Abstract: An aromatic polyazomethine of the structural formula ##STR1## wherein R represents hydrogen, halogen, alkyl or alkoxy,R' represents identical or different alkyl moieties which can be terminally halogen substituted or halogen or hydrogen,n and m represent values between 0 and 2, andx is equal to or less than 100.Also disclosed is a method for preparing such polyazomethine by contacting a benzidine compound of the formula ##STR2## wherein R and m have the meanings given above in an organic solvent with a dialdehyde of the formula ##STR3## wherein R' and n have the meanings given above. Preferably a solvent which forms an azeotrope with water is employed. The polyazomethines are useful as coloring materials e.g. pigments for polymers, especially thermoplastic polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1982
    Assignee: Dynamit Nobel Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hans-Joachim Herrmann, Gunther Meyer, Klaus-Dieter Steffen
  • Patent number: 4322508
    Abstract: A high solids, thermosetting coating composition which, exclusive of pigments, solvents and other nonreactive components consists essentially of:(A) A hydroxy functional component consisting of:(1) between about 1 and about 90 weight percent of an oligoester (i) having a number average molecular weight (M.sub.n) of between about 150 and about 3000 (ii) bearing at least about 2 hydroxyl groups and (iii) being formed by an esterification reaction between a carboxylic acid and an epoxide; and(2) between about 99 and about 10 weight percent of a hydroxy functional copolymer having a number average molecular weight (M.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1980
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1982
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventors: Stephen C. Peng, David M. Thomson
  • Patent number: 4307208
    Abstract: Thermosetting compositions comprising a film forming component bearing or capable of generating hydroxyl functionality, amine-aldehyde crosslinking agent, and a latent reactive catalyst comprising the reaction product of (i) a copolymer bearing pendent epoxy functionality, and (ii) a sulfonic acid having the formula ##STR1## wherein R is selected from linear or branched alkyl groups and aryl groups.Preferred compositions within the scope of the invention include high solids, thermosetting coating compositions suitable for automotive applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: December 22, 1981
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Mohinder S. Chattha
  • Patent number: 4284433
    Abstract: Water-hardening binding agent such as concrete, mortar, cement and the like are modified with a solid additive in the form of aggregates consisting of fine particle having a grain size of from 0.1 to 10 mm, preferably in pelletized or pressed grain form. These additives have an adjustable rate of dissolution and permit controlling the speed and manner of hardening of said water-hardening binding agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1979
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1981
    Assignee: SKW Trostberg Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Alois Aignesberger, Jean-Pierre Deppen, Hans-Gunter Rosenbauer
  • Patent number: 4284754
    Abstract: A thermosetting composition particularly suitable as a high solids coating composition for automotive applications. Exclusive of pigments, solvents and ether non-reactive components, the composition consists essentially of: (A) an oligomeric hydroxy functional phosphate ester having a number average molecular weight of between about 500 and about 5000 and being prepared by reaction of a polyepoxide and an acid phosphate ester; (B) up to 50 weight percent of a hydroxy functional compound; and (C) between about 15 and about 50 weight percent of an amine aldehyde crosslinking agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1981
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventors: Mohinder S. Chattha, Henk vanOene
  • Patent number: 4281075
    Abstract: Thermosetting compositions comprising a film forming component bearing or capable of generating hydroxyl functionality, amine-aldehyde crosslinking agent, and a latent reactive catalyst having the formula: ##STR1## wherein R is selected from alkyl or aryl groups and X is selected from 2-hydroxycycloalkyl and aryl substituted 2-hydroxycycloalkyl groups.Preferred compositions within the scope of the invention include high solids, thermosetting coating compositions suitable for automotive applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1981
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Mohinder S. Chattha
  • Patent number: 4251410
    Abstract: The reaction between (a) a polymerisate of acrylamide and/or methacrylamide and optionally of one or more further types of polymerizable ethylenic-unsaturated monomers, (b) formaldehyde, (c) a secondary amine and (d) a functional derivative of an acid having stabilizing properties against further polymerization of (a) and containing in the functional radical at least one NH group capable of entering into equilibrium reaction with formaldehyde under the reaction conditions used, e.g. urea, under neutral or basic conditions and in certain molar ratios, produces products, which in free base, acid addition salt or quaternary ammonium salt form are useful as flocculation agents, and particularly as retention aids for paper manufacture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1981
    Assignee: Sandoz Ltd.
    Inventors: Bernard Danner, Hans Gerber, Helmut Pummer
  • Patent number: 4248757
    Abstract: A liquid coating composition comprises the following ingredients A, B and C dissolved in the following weight proportions in an organic solvent:A. A non-oxidizing oil-free cross-linking alkyl resin containing free carboxylic acid groups, 20-60%,B. An alkylated amino-formaldehyde resin, 15-60%C. A vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymer which contains free primary hydroxyl groups, free carboxylic acid groups or oxirane groups, 5-50%The composition is particularly suitable for application to flexible PVC sheet, and is heat-curable to a film whose adhesion to such sheet does not seriously deteriorate on aging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1979
    Date of Patent: February 3, 1981
    Assignee: British Industrial Plastics, Limited
    Inventor: John E. Sreeves
  • Patent number: 4237243
    Abstract: Use of cross-linked polymers for increasing the viscosity in cosmetic, pharmaceutical and technical compositions, wherein the polymer chains have the following composition:k - p molar % of groups of the formula ##STR1## p molar % of groups of the formula ##STR2## from 0 to 45 molar % of groups of the formula ##STR3## and from 0.1 to 20 molar % of a cross-linking agent, whereinR.sup.1 represents as a statistical mean value from 0 to 100 molar % of hydrogen and from 100 to 0 molar %, each calculated on the proportion of (k-p) molar %, of CH.sub.2 OH groups,R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are hydrogen, or one of the radicals R.sup.2 and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1980
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Jochen M. Quack, Alwin Reng, Juliane Balzer, Friedrich Engelhardt, Joachim Ribka
  • Patent number: 4237249
    Abstract: A crosslinked copolymer useful in textile printing is prepared by(a) polymerizing in the presence of a radical initiator in a water-miscible alkanol k mole percent acrylamide with 0 to 45 mole percent of a compound of the formula ##STR1## and 0.1 to 20 mole percent of a crosslinked agent wherein k is 99.9 to 50, R.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are hydrogen or methyl with the proviso that only one of R.sup.2 and R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1980
    Assignee: Cassella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Juliane Balzer, Friedrich Engelhardt, Joachim Ribka, Wolfram Schidlo
  • Patent number: 4233411
    Abstract: A blend which contains homopolymers useful for imparting wet and dry strength to pulp and paper fibers which comprises a major amount of non-ionic polyacrylamide, together with glyoxal to impart crosslinking and a cationic regulator selected from the group consisting of a low molecular weight dimethyl amine epichlorohydrin copolymer, a low molecular weight ethylene dichloride ammonia condensation polymer, and a polyvinyl benzyl trimethyl ammonium chloride polymer. A buffer such as tetrasodium pyrophosphate may be used. A dosage of 0.2-5% by weight (preferred 0.5-2% by weight) based on the dry weight of fiber is utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1980
    Assignee: Nalco Chemical Co.
    Inventors: Edward G. Ballweber, Roger H. Jansma, Kenneth G. Phillips
  • Patent number: 4215204
    Abstract: An improved thermosetting coating composition of the type comprising a film forming component and an amino compound, wherein the composition cures by reaction between the amino compound and hydroxy functionality present on the film forming material. The improvement comprises including in the composition a catalyst comprising at least one oligomeric hydroxy functional organophosphate ester selected from certain mono- and diesters of phosphoric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1978
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1980
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Mohinder S. Chattha
  • Patent number: 4209595
    Abstract: An improved thermosetting coating composition of the type comprising a film forming component and an amino compound, wherein the composition cures by reaction between the amino compound and hydroxy functionality present on the film forming material. The improvement comprises including in the composition a hydroxy functional acrylic organophosphate reactive catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 24, 1980
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventor: Mohinder S. Chattha
  • Patent number: 4198332
    Abstract: A method for the preparation of hardenable urea-formaldehyde resins for use in impregnating and coating carrier webs wherein urea and formaldehyde are first reacted in the presence of an aminosulfonic acid and ammonia, additional aminosulfonic acid is added and the mixture is further reacted to adjust the viscosity of the solution and then additional ammonia and urea are added to the reaction mixture and the mixture is further reacted to adjust the viscosity thereof, and wherein a polymer formed from the monomers of the formula ##STR1## in which R.sup.1 =H or CH.sub.3,R.sup.2 =O,R.sup.3 =OH, NH.sub.2, OC.sub.n H.sub.2n+1 wherein n is a whole number from 1 to 4, OC.sub.m H.sub.2m OH wherein m is a whole number from 1 to 6, or OC.sub.m H.sub.2m OC.sub.n H.sub.2n+1, orR.sup.2 and R.sup.3 are both N,is added in the form of an emulsion or dispersion.The product obtained by this process is particularly useful for coating wood-based panels in both short-cycle as well as multi-daylight presses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1980
    Assignee: Th. Goldschmidt AG
    Inventors: Arnold Laqua, Ulrich Holtschmidt, Eckehard Schamberg, Dieter Hellwig
  • Patent number: 4195139
    Abstract: A melamine-aldehyde-phosphate condensation product which is useful as a fire-retardant, especially for plastics materials, and which is made by reacting melamine and at least one aldehyde, or a condensate of melamine and at least one aldehyde, with at least one oxyacid of phosphorus or precursor therefor or ester thereof until the condensation product is essentially non-acidic, the proportions of melamine and aldehyde being chosen such that the molar ratio of units derived from melamine: units derived from aldehyde in the condensation product is in the range 1:1.5 to 1:4.5, and the proportions of melamine and oxyacid of phosphorus or precursor therefor or ester thereof being chosen such that the molar ratio of units derived from melamine:phosphorus in the condensation product is in the range 1:0.4 to 1:1.7.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1980
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries Limited
    Inventors: Terence Goulding, Michael L. Orton