Aromatic Or Cycloaliphatic Peroxy Compound Patents (Class 525/265)
  • Patent number: 10465031
    Abstract: A packer unit to be used in an annular blowout preventer. The packer unit includes an elastomer body including a compound of a nitrile rubber base polymer having a polymer chain, and a quantity of fluorine atoms attached to the polymer chain. The compound includes between 50 and 60% of the nitrile elastomer, between 25 to 35% carbon black, and the rest includes other materials. The quantity of fluorine atoms comprises short-chain fluorocarbon chain molecules The quantity of fluorine atoms displaces at least an equal quantity of hydrogen atoms from the polymer chain when the elastomer body is fluorinated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: Hydril USA Distribution LLC
    Inventors: Ming Yu Huang, Yuhua Dong, Read Joseph Johnson, Miao Luo, John B. McLaughlin, Sitaraman Krishnan, Zackary Putnam
  • Patent number: 8809456
    Abstract: This invention relates to methods for producing an alkene terminated polystyrene, including: contacting a styrenic block copolymer and an alkene in the presence of a metathesis catalyst under conditions sufficient to produce an alkene terminated polystyrene having an unsaturation functionality of at least 0.7 and a MWD of about 1.5 or less. Methods for producing functionalized polymers and polyethylene blend composition comprising these functionalized polymers are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Mun F. Tse, Aspy K. Mehta, Joann M. Canich, Matthew W. Holtcamp, John R. Hagadorn, Charles J. Ruff
  • Publication number: 20140170561
    Abstract: The invention provides a vinyl ether group-containing copolymer, preparation process and use thereof. The copolymer comprises of the structural units represented by the following general formulae I, II and III, wherein, R1 is O or HN, R2 is an alkyl group with a carbon atom number of 1-4, cyclohexyl or a group represented by the following general formula IV (m represents a positive integer of 1-3), n is a positive integer of 1-4, the molar numbers of the structural units represented by the general formulae I, H and III are x, y and z, respectively, and x:y:z=3-8:1-4:1-5, the weight average molecular weight of the copolymer is 5000-20000. A color light blocking agent added with the copolymer can increase sensitivity. Furthermore, the copolymer has solubility in an alkaline solution, and thus, the color light blocking agent added with the copolymer has a superior developing property.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: BOE Technology Group Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Lu Liu, Shi Shu, Yonglian Qi, Chuanxiang Xu
  • Patent number: 8716408
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing a modified propylene polymer that exhibits low flowability and also exhibits little fluctuation in melt flow rate compared with the melt flow rate of the propylene polymer before modification, the method involving a heat treatment step of subjecting a mixture comprising 100 parts by weight of a propylene polymer (A), from 0.1 to 50 parts by weight of an ethylenically unsaturated bond-containing compound (B), and from 0.01 to 20 parts by weight of an organic peroxide (C) whose decomposition temperature at which the half-life thereof becomes 1 minute is lower than 120° C. to heat treatment by using an extruder at a temperature lower than the decomposition temperature of the organic peroxide (C) at which the half-life thereof becomes 1 minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Hiroyoshi Nakajima, Mitsuyoshi Shimano
  • Publication number: 20130281626
    Abstract: This invention relates to methods for producing an alkene terminated polystyrene, including: contacting a styrenic block copolymer and an alkene in the presence of a metathesis catalyst under conditions sufficient to produce an alkene terminated polystyrene having an unsaturation functionality of at least 0.7 and a MWD of about 1.5 or less. Methods for producing functionalized polymers and polyethylene blend composition comprising these functionalized polymers are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2012
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventors: Mun F. Tse, Aspy K. Mehta, Joann M. Canich, Matthew W. Holtcamp, John R. Hagadorn, Charles J. Ruff
  • Patent number: 8557927
    Abstract: The disclosed is a comb-shaped graft copolymer, including a back bone of PMMA and side chains of a random copolymer, a block copolymer, or a homopolymer polymerized of a monomer having a carbon-carbon double bond. The monomer can be alkyl acrylate, styrene, and the likes. The side chains terminal is grafted to a nitro-oxy compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Mao-Lin Hsueh, Cheng-Wei Yeh, Yi-Zhen Chen, Kuo-Chen Shih
  • Patent number: 8487021
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to bone cement formulations that have an extended working time for use in vertebroplasty procedures and other osteoplasty procedures together with cement injectors that include energy delivery systems for on-demand control of cement viscosity and flow parameters. The bone cement formulations may include a liquid component having at least one monomer and a non-liquid component including polymer particles and benzoyl peroxide (BPO). The non-liquid component may be further configured to allow controlled exposure of the BPO to the liquid monomer so as to enable control of the viscosity of the bone cement composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: DFINE, Inc.
    Inventors: Csaba Truckai, Andrew Kohm, John Shadduck, Robert Luzzi
  • Patent number: 8389638
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel multi functional additive grafted rubber. More particularly the present invention relates to novel grades of rubber and in particular to chemically grafted with cardanol (meta-penta decenyl phenol) and/or its derivatives. Importantly the rubber grades of the invention involve chemically anchored/grafted selective meta alkenyl phenol and/or its derivatives in the backbone of natural or synthetic rubber. Importantly, such rubber variant of the invention have high plasticity, lower Mooney and melt viscosities, better cure properties as compared to conventional virgin natural rubber or natural rubber plasticized with aromatic process oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Golok Bihari Nando, Tiruchanur Vikram
  • Patent number: 8362143
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a non-glossy rubber modified aromatic vinyl-vinyl cyanide copolymer and a method for continuously preparing the same. The copolymer comprises about 80 to about 93% by weight of an aromatic vinyl-vinyl cyanide copolymer grafted onto about 7 to about 20% by weight of a diene-based rubber, and a dispersed phase of the copolymer has an average rubber particle diameter of about 6 to about 20 ?m and a span of about 1.2 to about 2.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Cheil Industries Inc.
    Inventors: Hwan Seok Park, Young Sub Jin, Jae Keun Hong, Sung Kwan Kim, Byeong Do Lee, Ho Ryong Sun, Seung Dae Lee
  • Publication number: 20130018149
    Abstract: Provided is a multi-arm (greater than 3 arms) star ethylene polymer (sEP). The multi-arm star ethylene polymer is a polymer of an ethylene/maleic anhydride copolymer (EMAC) grafted with vinyl-terminated polyethylene. There are also provided a process for making the sEP and blend of a matrix ethylene polymer and the sEP.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Andy H. Tsou, Shuji Luo, Johannes M. Soulages
  • Publication number: 20120273718
    Abstract: A cross-linking system which includes at least; one organic peroxide having a half-life of one hour at any temperature selected in the range from 80 DEG C. to 115 DEG C., and a cross-linking coagent, the half-life of said peroxide being measured by dissolving the peroxide in n-dodecane having a concentration of 0.2 mol/l. Said system enables, when added to a polymer, quick cross-linking of said polymer. The system is in particular suitable for encapsulating photovoltaic modules; in particular, the system can be used to improve the productivity of the method for manufacturing said modules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 24, 2010
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Applicant: Arkema France
    Inventors: Laurent Keromnes, Samuel Devisme, Catherine Corfias-Zuccalli
  • Patent number: 8252869
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a crosslinked poly(meth)acrylic acid nitroxide compound resulting from crosslinking of a poly(meth)acrylic acid nitroxide compound, and an object of the present invention is to provide a method of inexpensively and easily producing a crosslinked poly(meth)acrylic acid nitroxide compound having a high radical concentration. The present invention is a method of producing a crosslinked poly(meth)acrylic acid nitroxide compound including a repeating unit represented by the general formula (2): (in the formula, R represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group), comprising a nitroxidation step carried out in a state that a crosslinked poly(meth)acrylic acid imino compound resulting from crosslinking of a poly(meth)acrylic acid imino compound including a repeating unit represented by the general formula (1): (in the formula, R represents the same group as that represented by R in said general formula (2)) is dispersed in water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Seika Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobutaka Fujimoto, Koji Ueda, Masato Fujikake
  • Patent number: 8242195
    Abstract: The invention provides a golf ball having a core formed by vulcanizing a rubber composition and a cover composed primarily of a polyurethane material. The rubber composition of the core includes 100 parts by weight of a base rubber, from 10 to 40 parts by weight of an unsaturated carboxylic acid or a metal salt thereof, a peroxyketal (a) and a monophenol-type antioxidant (b), the weight ratio (a)/(b) of the peroxyketal to the monophenol-type antioxidant being from 5 to 50. The ball has an excellent discoloration resistance and an outstanding distance and feel on shots taken with a middle iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Akira Kimura
  • Publication number: 20120142867
    Abstract: The invention provides a composition containing (A) one or more (meth)acrylate compounds selected from among a (meth)acryl-modified silicone fluid, a long-chain alkyl(meth)acrylate, and a polyalkylene glycol(meth)acrylate having a number average molecular weight of 400 or more; (B) a (meth)acrylate compound having an alicyclic hydrocarbon group which has six or more carbon atoms and which is bonded to the compound via an ester bond; (C) (meth)acrylic acid or a (meth)acrylate compound having a polar group; and (D) a radical polymerization initiator. The composition is suitably employed as a raw material for, for example, an encapsulating material or a lens, exhibits transparency and heat resistance comparable to conventional levels, and provides a cured product exhibiting excellent adhesion to a base member surrounding the cured product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2010
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Applicant: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takeshi Iwasaki, Daichi Ogawa, Yutaka Obata, Tomoaki Takebe
  • Patent number: 8093332
    Abstract: Disclosed are high impact polystyrenes prepared using mixed initiators. The mixed initiators include at least one grafting initiator and one non-grafting initiator. The high impact polystyrenes prepared therewith have a continuous polystyrene phase and dispersed therein particles of rubber predominantly having a honeycomb structure of rubber with polystyrene inclusions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Jose M. Sosa, Billy J. Ellis
  • Publication number: 20110236612
    Abstract: A chemical two-component mortar compound including a resin component (A) that contains at least one radically curable, ethylenically unsaturated compound (a) as the curable component, and including a separately arranged so as to inhibit reaction curing component (B) that contains a curing agent for the resin of the resin component (A), with improved adhesion to the surface of partially cleaned and/or moist holes in mineral substrates, characterized by a content of 0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2011
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Applicant: Hilti Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Memet-Emin Kumru, Frank Thiemann, Sandra Baur
  • Publication number: 20090062474
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel multi functional additive grafted rubber. More particularly the present invention relates to novel grades of rubber and in particular to chemically grafted with cardanol (meta-penta decenyl phenol) and/or its derivatives. Importantly the rubber grades of the invention involve chemically anchored/grafted selective meta alkenyl phenol and/or its derivatives in the backbone of natural or synthetic rubber. Importantly, such rubber variant of the invention have high plasticity, lower Mooney and melt viscosities, better cure properties as compared to conventional virgin natural rubber or natural rubber plasticised with aromatic process oils.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2005
    Publication date: March 5, 2009
    Applicant: COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH
    Inventors: Golok Bihari Nando, Tiruchanur Vikram
  • Publication number: 20080242803
    Abstract: A polypropylene derivative is provided. The polypropylene derivative includes a reactive monomer grafted on polypropylene, with a grafting yield exceeding 5%. A method for preparing the polypropylene derivative is also disclosed. The method includes mixing a reactive monomer, polypropylene and a compatibilizer to prepare a polypropylene derivative grafted with the reactive monomer, with a grafting yield exceeding 5%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 9, 2008
    Publication date: October 2, 2008
    Inventors: Lien Tai CHEN, Chi-Wei Hsu, Tun-Fun Way, Jian-Lin Hua
  • Patent number: 7276560
    Abstract: The present invention provides a solid golf ball comprising a hot-molded product of a rubber composition comprising (a) 100 parts by weight of a polybutadiene synthesized using a rare-earth catalyst and having a cis-1,4 content of at least 60% and a 1,2 vinyl content of at most 2%, having a viscosity ? at 25° C. as a 5 wt % solution in toluene of up to 600 mPa·s, and having Mooney viscosity (ML1+4 (100° C.)) of more than 30, (b) 0.01 to 0.5 parts by weight of a sulfur, (c) 10 to 60 parts by weight of an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or a metal salt thereof, (d) 0.1 to 5 parts by weight of an organosulfur compound, (e) 5 to 80 parts by weight of an inorganic filler, and (f) 0.1 to 5 parts by weight of an organic peroxide, wherein the hot-molded product has a difference in JIS-C hardness between the center and surface thereof of more than 20 and up to 40. The solid golf balls of the invention have a soft feel upon impact and excellent rebound characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2007
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Atsushi Nanba, Jun Shindo
  • Patent number: 7230053
    Abstract: A golf ball, typically its core, is manufactured by molding and vulcanizing a rubber composition comprising a base rubber, an unsaturated carboxylic acid or a metal salt thereof, an inorganic filler, an organic peroxide, and an organosulfur compound. The base rubber contains a polybutadiene having a Mw of 60–150×104 and a Mw/Mn of up to 2.0 and containing at least 98% of cis-1,4 bonds and up to 1.5% of trans-1,4 bonds. The composition is easy to mold and work, and the golf ball has good rebound and improved flight performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2007
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Higuchi, Nobuyuki Kataoka, Atsushi Nanba, Yasuo Wakatsuki, Shojiro Kaita
  • Patent number: 7183357
    Abstract: A golf ball has a core obtained by molding and vulcanizing a rubber composition comprising (A) a base rubber which includes a polybutadiene having a cis-1,4 content of at least 60 wt %, (B) an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or metal salt thereof, (C) an inorganic filler and (D) at least one organic peroxide selected from among 1,1-bis(t-hexylperoxy)cyclohexane, 1,1-bis(t-hexylperoxy)-3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexane, and 2,2-bis(4,4-di-t-butylperoxycyclohexyl)propane. The golf ball has excellent rebound characteristics and flight performance as well as a high productivity due to a reduced vulcanization time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Higuchi, Nobuyuki Kataoka, Atsushi Nanba, Hiroyuki Nagasawa
  • Patent number: 7132485
    Abstract: The invention relates to a suspension polymerization process for the preparation of styrene-containing (co)polymers, wherein the process comprises the steps of continuously or semi-continuously dosing an initiator to the reaction mixture, said initiator having a specified half-life at the temperature of the reaction mixture to which it is dosed. The invention further relates to styrene based (co)polymer obtainable by said process, and to the use of said styrene (co)polymer in a shaping process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2006
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Hendrikus Gerardus Boevenbrink, Frans Johannes Hoogesteger
  • Patent number: 7074859
    Abstract: A golf ball is characterized by comprising a molded and vulcanized product of a rubber composition as a constituent component, the rubber composition comprising 100 pbw of a base rubber including 60–100 wt % of a polybutadiene containing at least 60 wt % of cis-1,4-bond, having a Mooney viscosity (ML1+4 (100° C.)) of at least 40, and synthesized using a rare-earth catalyst, 10–60 pbw of an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or a metal salt thereof, 0.1–5 pbw of an organosulfur compound, 5–80 pbw of an inorganic filler, and at least two organic peroxides including an organic peroxide having the shortest half-life at 155° C. designated (a) and another organic peroxide having the longest half-life at 155° C. designated (b), a ratio of half-lives (bt/at) being from 7 to 20 wherein at is the half-life of (a) and bt is the half-life of (b), a total content of the organic peroxides being 0.1–0.8 pbw per 100 pbw of the base rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2006
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Higuchi, Nobuyuki Kataoka, Atsushi Nanba, Hiroyuki Nagasawa
  • Patent number: 7041733
    Abstract: It has been discovered that certain compounds serve as particle size regulators when employed together with peroxide initiators for the polymerization of vinylaromatic monomers in the presence of diene polymers. Suitable compounds that can control particle size include, but are not necessarily limited to, cobalt naphthenate, zinc naphthenate, iron octoate, calcium octoate, zinc octoate, zinc neodecanoate, potassium octoate, copper naphthenate, calcium versalate, and the like. Use of these metal carboxylates when vinylaromatic monomers are polymerized in the presence of polybutadienes and peroxide initiators results in reduced polybutadiene particles. Grafting and morphology characteristics may also be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2006
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Cyril Chevillard, Jose M. Sosa
  • Patent number: 7026407
    Abstract: There is provided a process for producing a modified polyolefin resin, which comprises the step of melt kneading at least the following components (A), (B) and (C): (A) 100 parts by weight of a polyolefin resin, (B) from 0.1 to 20 parts by weight of a compound containing an amino group and an unsaturated bond, and (C) from 0.01 to 20 parts by weight of an organic peroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2006
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Shinichi Kondo, Takashi Sanada
  • Patent number: 6951904
    Abstract: A process for modifying a polypropylene (co)polymer wherein said process comprises melt mixing the polypropylene (co)polymer in the presence of an initiator wherein said initiator is selected from the group defined by formula (1), wherein R is selected from the group consisting of optionally substituted C1 to C18 acyl, optionally substituted C1 to C18 alkyl, aroyl defined by formula (2), and compounds of formula (3), wherein U, V, X, Y, Z, U?, V?, X?, Y? and Z? are independently selected from the group consisting hydrogen; halogen; C1-C18 alkyl; C1-C18 alkoxy, aryloxy, acyl, acyloxy, aryl, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aryloxycarbonyl, trialkyl silyl, hydroxy, or a moiety of formula (4), and wherein T is alkylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2005
    Assignee: Polymers Australia Pty Limited
    Inventors: Gary Peeters, Michael Shane O'Shea, Graeme Moad
  • Patent number: 6943208
    Abstract: A golf ball is characterized by comprising a molded and vulcanized product of a rubber composition as a constituent component, the rubber composition comprising 100 pbw of a base rubber composed primarily of a polybutadiene containing at least 60 wt % of cis-1,4-bond, having a Mooney viscosity (ML1+4, 100° C.) of at least 30, and synthesized using a rare-earth catalyst, 15-50 pbw of an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or a metal salt thereof, at least 2 pbw of a processing aid having a highest melting point of up to 115° C., and at least two organic peroxides including an organic peroxide having the shortest half-life at 155° C. designated (a) and another organic peroxide having the longest half-life at 155° C. designated (b), a ratio of half-lives (bt/at) being at least 7 wherein at is the half-life of (a) and bt is the half-life of (b), a total content of the organic peroxides being 0.1-0.9 pbw per 100 pbw of the base rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2005
    Assignee: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Higuchi, Nobuyuki Kataoka, Hiroyuki Nagasawa, Atsushi Nanba
  • Patent number: 6911498
    Abstract: A curing composition of a fluororubber comprising a fluororubber which is curable with an organic peroxide, for example, an iodine-containing fluororubber, a polyfunctional unsaturated compound, and an organic peroxide, for example, dicumyl peroxide, in which the total amount of acetone and tert.-butanol contained in the decomposed products of the organic peroxide, which are generated at a curing temperature, is 2 moles or less per one mole of the decomposed products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2005
    Assignee: Daikin Industries Ltd.
    Inventors: Koji Matsumoto, Yoshihiro Shirai
  • Publication number: 20030149184
    Abstract: A curing composition of a fluororubber comprising a fluororubber which is curable with an organic peroxide, for example, an iodine-containing fluororubber, a polyfunctional unsaturated compound, and an organic peroxide, for example, dicumyl peroxide, in which the total amount of acetone and tert.-butanol contained in the decomposed products of the organic peroxide, which are generated at a curing temperature, is 2 moles or less per one mole of the decomposed products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 1999
    Publication date: August 7, 2003
    Inventors: KOJI MATSUMOTO, YOSHIHIRO SHIRAI
  • Patent number: 6583250
    Abstract: The bondability of a polyolefin, particularly to cyanoacrylate adhesives, is improved by incorporating in the polyolefin a polymerization initiator capable of initiating the polymerization of the monomers constituting the cyanoacrylate adhesive. The polymerization initiator may, for example, be a sterically hindered nitrogen base and may be mixed with the polyolefin at a temperature above the polyolefin's glass transition temperature using, for example, co-extrusion or co-injection methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Paul Birnbrich, Herbert Fischer, Manfred Gorzinski, Thomas Huver
  • Publication number: 20030083426
    Abstract: Rubber aircraft parts are made of the cured form of a curable composition comprising a perfluoropolyether polymer having a perfluoropolyether backbone and at least one reactive group, a crosslinking agent for crosslinking the polymer, and a silica filler having an average particle size of 0.001-10 &mgr;m. By providing dramatically improved sealability at low temperatures of −25 to −55° C., particularly during use in a dynamic state, and much improved resistance to amines and other chemicals, such rubber parts can ensure the reliable sealability of fluid line junctions in jet engines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 29, 2002
    Publication date: May 1, 2003
    Inventors: Shinichi Sato, Masatoshi Arai, Yasuhisa Osawa, Makoto Sato
  • Patent number: 6437049
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of modified polypropylene which can be used as compatibilizing agent, consisting in reacting the polymer with maleic anhydride in the presence of dilaurylperoxide and in the absence of a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: P. Group S.r.l.
    Inventors: Vittorio Bortolon, Tonino Savadori
  • Patent number: 6380316
    Abstract: A copolymer of isobutylene with 0.5 to 15 mole percent of a conjugated diene (i.e., a butyl rubber) is reacted with a silane having both an alkenyl group as well as at least two silicon-bonded hydrolyzable group, the reaction taking place in the presence of a free-radical generator, to provide a modified copolymer having reactive silyl groups grafted thereto. The modified copolymer exhibits a reduced molecular weight relative to the starting copolymer and may be used to formulate moisture-curable sealants, caulks, adhesive and coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2002
    Assignees: Dow Corning Corporation, ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Maneesh Bahadur, David Yen-Lung Chung, Toshio Suzuki, Raymond Lee Tabler, Hsien-Chang Wang
  • Patent number: 6316548
    Abstract: A (meth)acrylic premix comprising a (meth)acrylic resin composition (A) containing a (meth)acrylic monomer (a) and a (meth)acrylic polymer (b), an inorganic filler (B), and a curing agent (C), wherein, the component (a) is a (meth)acrylate having a bicyclo ring, fluorine atom, cyclic ether, cyclohexane ring or tricyclo ring, and the component (C) is a radical polymerization initiator having a 10 hours half-life temperature of 75° C. or more; an acrylic SMC or BMC comprising this (meth)acrylic premix and a thickening agent; and a method for producing (meth)acrylic artificial marble, wherein this (meth)acrylic SMC or BMC is cured with being pressurized and heated at a temperature in the range from 105 to 150° C., are provided. These are useful for producing (meth)acrylic artificial marble having various excellent physical properties such as appearance, dimension stability, hot water resistance, weatherability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Rayon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seiya Koyanagi, Katsumi Yonekura, Shinji Saiki, Kentaro Hayashi, Yuichiro Kishimoto
  • Patent number: 6218503
    Abstract: Prepolymers of Formula (I) are useful in hydrogel materials wherein M is a hydrophilic radical derived from at least one hydrophilic ethylenically unsaturated monomer and having a molecular weight of about 500 to 5000; each R is independently selected from an alkylene group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms wherein the carbon atoms may include ether, urethane or ureido linkages therebetween; each R′ is independently selected from hydrogen, monovalent hydrocarbon radicals or halogen substituted monovalent hydrocarbon radicals wherein the hydrocarbon radicals have 1 to 18 carbon atoms which may include ether linkages therebetween; a is an integer equal to or greater than 1; each U is independently a divalent urethane or ureido segment; x is greater than or equal to 1, y is greater than or equal to 1; and z is greater than or equal to 1; and each E is independently a polymerizable, ethylenically unsaturated radical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2001
    Assignee: Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
    Inventors: Yu-Chin Lai, Edmond T. Quinn
  • Patent number: 6191230
    Abstract: A masterbatch composition comprising: (a) a copolymer of ethylene and 1-octene prepared with a metallocene catalyst; (b) as a scorch inhibitor, a substituted hydroquinone; 4,4′-thiobis(2-methyl-6-t-butylphenol); 4,4′-thiobis(2-t-butyl-5-methylphenol); or mixtures thereof; (c) as a cure booster, triallyl trimellitate; 3,9-divinyl-2,4,8,10-tetra-oxaspiro[5.5]undecane; triallylcyanurate; triallyl isocyanurate; or mixtures thereof; and (d) an organic peroxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2001
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Michael John Keogh, Jinder Jow
  • Patent number: 6177519
    Abstract: Curable silylated copolymers based on olefin copolymers comprising at least one C4 to C7 isomonoolefin and a vinyl aromatic monomer (alkyl styrene) are prepared by reacting the olefin copolymer with an olefinically unsaturated hydrolyzable silane in the presence of a free radical generating agent. The silylated copolymers are readily curable by contact with water (moisture) and a silanol condensation catalyst and are particularly useful as the polymeric component in sealant, caulking, adhesive and coating formulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2001
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc.
    Inventors: David Yen-Lung Chung, Hsien-Chang Wang, Toshio Suzuki, Raymond Lee Tabler, Anil Kumar Saxena
  • Patent number: 6166146
    Abstract: A curable resin composition comprising (1) a polymerizable vinyl monomer, (2) a polymerization initiator, (3) an aromatic amine and/or a pyridine derivative, (4) a .beta.-diketone chelate and/or a .beta.-keto-ester, and (5) a phosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Denki Kagaku Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hiroshi Suto, Koichi Taguchi
  • Patent number: 6087451
    Abstract: A polymer having groups located at the ends of the polymer chain which groups are derived from stable free radical compounds, wherein the polymer is of the formula:SFR-(R)-SFRwherein SFR represents a covalently bonded stable free radical group and R represents a thermoplastic resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Michael K. Georges, Toyofumi Inoue, Gordon K. Hamer, Peter M. Kazmaier, Richard P. N. Veregin
  • Patent number: 6025443
    Abstract: Bead polymers having an average particle size of 1 to 30 .mu.m and a narrow particle size distribution are obtained by the seed/feed process if a crosslinked polymer having a soluble fraction of less than 25 wt. % and an average particle size of 0.5 to 10 .mu.m is used as the seed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Agfa Gevaert AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Podszun, Joachim Kruger, Olaf Halle, Frank Louwet
  • Patent number: 5854365
    Abstract: The present invention relates a toner for developing electrostatic images, comprising: a resin composition, which contains a binder resin and low molecular weight wax, and a coloring agent, wherein the binder resin does not substantially contain insoluble tetrahydrofuran (THF) component, its chromatograph measured with soluble tetrahydrofuran (THF) component has a main peak in a region of a molecular weight of 2,000 to 30,000 and a subpeak or a shoulder in a high molecular weight region of a molecular weight of 100,000 or more, a ratio of weight average molecular weight (Mw)/number average molecular weight (Mn) thereof is 30 or more, the high molecular weight region has a crosslinking monomer unit as a component monomer unit and the binder resin contains high molecular weight polymer having a Mw of 1,200,000 or more polymerized by using both polyfunctional initiator and a mono-functional initiator. Moreover, the present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a resin composition for producing a toner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Manabu Ohno, Akihiko Nakazawa, Nobuyuki Okubo, Shunji Suzuki, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Masayoshi Kato
  • Patent number: 5773510
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of branched thermoplastic resins comprising: heating a mixture of an unsaturated resin, a free radical initiator, and a stable free radical agent; adding to the heated mixture at least on polymerizable monomer; and cooling the mixture, wherein the resulting product is a branched thermoplastic resin with arms or branches comprised of polymerized monomer with substantially uniform length and narrow polydispersity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Peter M. Kazmaier, Karen A. Moffat, Marko D. Saban, Richard P. N. Veregin, Michael K. Georges, Gordon K. Hamer, Toyofumi Inoue, Stephan V. Drappel
  • Patent number: 5767200
    Abstract: An optical resin, of which the refractive index continuously changes in a specific direction, is produced by filling a polymerization container with a mixed solution containing at least one type of polymerizable monomer or polymerizable monomer sol and at least one type of substance whose solubility parameter differs by 7 (cal/cm.sup.3).sup.1/2 or less and refractive index by 0.001 or more from those of a polymer produced by polymerization of the monomer, and by subjecting the mixture to polymerization reaction by applying heat or energy rays to the container from outside so that the polymerization reaction starts and progresses preferentially from a particular region of the mixture, thus forming a concentration gradient of the substance having different refractive index.The polymerization container may be made of a polymer which swells and dissolves into the mixed solution from an inner wall thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Koike
  • Patent number: 5763514
    Abstract: An optical resin, of which the refractive index continuously changes in a specific direction, is produced by filling a polymerization container with a mixed solution containing at least one type of polymerizable monomer or polymerizable monomer sol and at least one type of substance whose solubility parameter differs by 7 (cal/cm.sup.3).sup.1/2 or less and refractive index by 0.001 or more from those of a polymer produced by polymerization of the monomer, and by subjecting the mixture to polymerization reaction by applying heat or energy rays to the container from outside so that the polymerization reaction starts and progresses preferentially from a particular region of the mixture, thus forming a concentration gradient of the substance having different refractive index.The polymerization container may be made of a polymer which swells and dissolves into the mixed solution from an inner wall thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1998
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Koike
  • Patent number: 5756586
    Abstract: This invention relates to a vulcanizable rubber composition obtained by compounding, into an ethylenically unsaturated nitrile-conjugated diene copolymer rubber, a zinc compound, an .alpha., .beta.-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid, a compound of a 2A Group metal of the periodic table and an organic peroxide. The vulcanizable rubber composition of this invention can provide a vulcanized rubber having excellent heat resistance and oil resistance and moreover possessing high tensile stress or stably exhibiting high tensile strength without being affected by kneading conditions, and is hence suitable for use as a rubber material for toothed belts and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: Nippon Zeon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Koichi Nishimura, Yoshiomi Saito, Kazuyoshi Nakajima, Atsushi Tanaka, Yasuaki Serizawa
  • Patent number: 5728776
    Abstract: When producing a graft modified polyolefin by melting and kneading a polyolefin, a radical-polymerizable monomer and a radical-polymerization initiator, the producing efficiency is improved. The grafting reaction is effected by feeding the melted polyolefin containing either one of said radical-polymerizable monomer and the radical-polymerization initiator to the other. When said radical-polymerizable monomer is an unsaturated carboxylic anhydride, said unsaturated carboxylic anhydride as a starting material is preliminarily heated at 50.degree. to 250.degree. C., and then fed to the grafting reaction mentioned above. When the monomer is an unsaturated carboxylic acid or an acid anhydride of such an unsaturated carboxylic acid, an organic peroxide of a formula (I) is used as the radical-polymerization initiator. ##STR1## In this formula (I), two substituting groups connected directly to the benzene ring have an ortho-positional relationship or a meta-positional relationship, R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1998
    Assignee: Kawasaki Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuya Takemura, Kazumichi Sashi, Taichi Ogawa, Tadahiro Wakui, Shigeru Takano
  • Patent number: 5723540
    Abstract: Elastic-thermoplastic graft polymers manufactured by radical emulsion polymerization of resin-forming vinyl monomers in the presence of rubber present in latex form with the use of a combination of a peroxide of formula (I) ##STR1## where R.sup.1 signifies alkyl, cycloalkyl and aryl groups with 4 to 20 carbon atoms,X the groups --COOH and --SO.sub.3 H as well as their alkali, alkaline-earth or ammonium salts,n an integer in the range from 1 to 6,A alkylene, cycloalkylene and arylene groups with 6 to 40 carbon atomsand a reducing agent as initiator system, a method for their manufacture and their use as moulding compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Assignee: Bayer AG
    Inventors: Herbert Eichenauer, Martin Bohnenpoll, Adolf Schmidt, Heinrich Alberts
  • Patent number: 5668218
    Abstract: Elastic-thermoplastic graft polymers manufactured by radical emulsion polymerisation of resin-forming vinyl monomers in the presence of rubber present in latex form with the use of a combination of a peroxide of formula (I) ##STR1## where R.sup.1 signifies alkyl, cycloalkyl and aryl groups with 4 to 20 carbon atoms,X the groups --COOH and --SO.sub.3 H as well as their alkali, alkaline-earth or ammonium salts,n an integer in the range from 1 to 6,A alkylene, cycloalkylene and arylene groups with 6 to 40 carbon atomsand a reducing agent as initiator system, a method for their manufacture and their use as moulding compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1997
    Assignee: Bayer AG
    Inventors: Herbert Eichenauer, Martin Bohnenpoll, Adolf Schmidt, Heinrich Alberts
  • Patent number: 5583181
    Abstract: (I) The (co)polymerisation of ethylene is carried out in at least one reaction zone (R) under high pressure, at 150.degree.-320.degree. C.; (II) the reaction product is routed into a zone (S), under an intermediate pressure P, for separation of the (co)polymer, in the molten state, from the unreacted (co)monomer(s), or the reaction product is routed into a first separation zone (S1), under an intermediate pressure (P1); the (co)polymer issuing from (S1) is then routed into a second separation zone (S2), under a pressure P2<P1; (III) the (co)polymer is routed into a zone (SF), under low pressure, for final separation of the (co)polymer from the residual gases. Let-down zones (D), (D1) and (D2) are provided along the path of the (co)polymer between the zones (S) and (SF), (S1) and (S2), and (S2) and (SF) respectively, the grafting monomer or monomers being introduced on-line, in the path of the (co)polymer, at at least one point located at the level of the zone (D) or at at least one zone (D1, D2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: ECP-Enichem Polymeres France S.A.
    Inventors: Jo el Audureau, Hacene Mehalla, Thierry Pellerin
  • Patent number: 5545460
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are set forth for preparing and delivering bone cement from a powdered polymer component and a liquid monomer component by simultaneously injecting the powdered and liquid components, stored in separate component chambers, into an evacuated mixing chamber under the effect of the vacuum; by uniformly mixing the components in the mixing chamber (to thoroughly wet the powder); and by delivering the cement formed by the polymerization process, as needed in an operative setting, utilizing a single ready to use device. The uniform mix is achieved by simultaneously subjecting the contents of the component chambers to the effects of the mixing chamber's vacuum via separate one way nozzles, interconnecting the component chambers to the mixing chamber, which cause the powder to be broadcast and liquid to be sprayed into the mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1996
    Assignee: HowMedica, Inc.
    Inventors: Kazuna Tanaka, Jeffrey Kapec