Isoprene Or Diene Rubber Other Than Butadiene Rubber Patents (Class 525/333.1)
  • Patent number: 10711071
    Abstract: A process for modifying a natural rubber is provided. The process comprises at least the following steps: i. providing at least one natural rubber and epoxidizing the natural rubber to obtain an epoxidized natural rubber, or providing a pre-epoxidized natural rubber, ii. grafting, to the epoxidized natural rubber or to the pre-epoxidized natural rubber, at least one 1,3-dipolar compound having at least one nitrogen atom. A modified natural rubber capable of being obtained by the process and also rubber compositions based on the modified natural rubber is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ETABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: François Jean-Baptiste-Dit-Dominique, Etienne Fleury
  • Patent number: 10457794
    Abstract: The present technology provides a rubber composition comprising natural rubber, which achieves the stabilization of viscosity over a long period of time and has a dramatically reduced odor by compounding an aminoguanidine into natural rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Keisuke Chino, Yoshihiro Goto, Jetsuda Tongsurm, Duangruthai Srinun
  • Patent number: 9937752
    Abstract: A rubber composition for coating a fiber cord includes a diene rubber, a carbon black, and a nitrone compound having a carboxy group; the diene rubber includes a natural rubber and a styrene-butadiene rubber and/or a butadiene rubber, wherein a content of the natural rubber in a total of the diene rubber and the nitrone compound is not greater than 65 mass %; a content of the carbon black is 40 to 67 parts by mass per 100 parts by mass of a total of the diene rubber and the nitrone compound; and a content of the nitrone compound is 0.1 to 10 parts by mass per 100 parts by mass of a total of the diene rubber and the nitrone compound. Such rubber composition for coating a fiber cord has excellent low heat build-up when a tire is produced and excellent adhesiveness with carcass cord.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kato, Ryota Takahashi, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9932462
    Abstract: A rubber composition for a tire rim cushion or rubber finishing contains a diene rubber and a filler containing a carbon black. The diene rubber contains a natural rubber and/or an isoprene rubber, and a modified polymer that is obtained by reacting a nitrone compound with a double bond of a conjugated diene polymer. The content of the natural rubber and/or the isoprene rubber in the diene rubber is from 30 to 60 mass %, the content of the modified polymer in the diene rubber is from 8 to 70 mass %, the content of the filler is from 60 to 90 parts by mass per 100 parts by mass of the diene rubber, and the nitrogen adsorption specific surface area of the carbon black is from 60 to 150 m2/g. Such rubber composition has excellent low heat build-up and ozone resistance when formed into a tire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kato, Ryota Takahashi, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9790353
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a rubber composition capable of producing a pneumatic tire with both excellent low rolling resistance and wet grip performance, and a pneumatic tire comprising the rubber composition. The rubber composition comprises: a diene-based rubber containing 10 mass % or greater of a modified diene polymer; and an aromatic modified terpene resin; wherein the modified diene polymer is a modified polymer obtained by modifying an unmodified diene polymer (A) with a nitrone compound (B) having a carboxy group; and a content of the aromatic modified terpene resin is from 0.1 to 50 parts by mass per 100 parts by mass of the diene-based rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryota Takahashi, Manabu Kato, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9757982
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a rubber composition capable of producing a pneumatic tire with both satisfactory heat build-up reduction and excellent wet skid performance, and a pneumatic tire comprising the rubber composition. The rubber composition of the present invention contains a diene-based rubber containing from 5 to 40 mass % of a modified butadiene rubber and a white filler. The modified butadiene rubber is a modified polymer obtained by modifying an unmodified butadiene rubber (A) with a nitrone compound (B) having a carboxy group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kato, Ryota Takahashi, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9745388
    Abstract: Surface modification methods based on a combination of plasma and chemical treatments render an unfilled butyl rubber surface highly reactive toward organosilanes, allowing formation of an organosilane self-assembled monolayer (SAM). Plasma oxidation of the butyl rubber surface followed by vapor deposition of SiCl4 produces a hydrophilic surface suitable for anchoring organosilanes. Fabrication of SAMs on this hydrophilic butyl rubber surface with n-octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) and trichloro(1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyl)silane (FOTS) via vapor deposition resulted in a 15% and 25% decrease in gas permeability, respectively, with no change in optical transparency of the butyl rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignees: LANXESS, Inc., The University of Windsor
    Inventors: Tricia Breen Carmichael, Akhil Vohra, Lorenzo Ferrari, Natalie Suhan
  • Patent number: 9725525
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a modified polymer that can realize a rubber composition having excellent low heat build-up and that has excellent productivity, a rubber composition containing the modified polymer, and a tire produced using the rubber composition. The modified polymer of the present invention is obtained by reacting a modifier having a nitrone group and a carboxy group with a conjugated diene polymer not containing a tetrasubstituted olefin and/or a trisubstituted olefin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryota Takahashi, Manabu Kato, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9493599
    Abstract: The present technology provides a modified polymer which is modified with two or more types of nitrones that include a nitrone having at least one carboxy group and a nitrone having no carboxy group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2016
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., LTD.
    Inventors: Ryota Takahashi, Takahiro Okamatsu
  • Patent number: 9434804
    Abstract: There is provided a branched conjugated diene copolymer prepared by copolymerizing 1 to 99% by weight of a branched conjugated diene compound (1): wherein R1 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon having 6 to 11 carbon atoms, and 99 to 1% by weight of a conjugated diene compound (2): wherein R2 and R3 are the same or different and each is a hydrogen atom, or the like. The branched conjugated diene copolymer is useful as a rubber component of a rubber composition for a tire enhancing both of abrasion resistance and grip performance to a high level and exhibiting excellent processability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.
    Inventor: Kensuke Washizu
  • Patent number: 9115231
    Abstract: A method for preparing a functionalized polymer, the method comprising the steps of: (i) polymerizing monomer to form a reactive polymer; and (ii) reacting the reactive polymer with a protected hydrazone compound containing an acyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Steven Luo, Joshua S. Dickstein
  • Publication number: 20150148435
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method of devulcanising vulcanised rubber which comprises the following steps: a) providing at least one vulcanised rubber composition; b) grinding the vulcanised rubber into chips or pellets; c) mixing the ground rubber obtained from step b) in such a way as to homogenise the form and temperature of same. d) carrying out a non-degrading mechanical treatment on the mixed rubber at the end of step c) to obtain a polymeric composite. The invention also concerns a thermoplastic material and an elastomeric mixture which comprise, in the formulation of same, at least one polymeric composite obtained by this method of devulcanisation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Daniel Arnaud
  • Patent number: 9040630
    Abstract: Provided herein are graft copolymers of polyfarnesenes with condensation polymers; and methods of making and using the graft copolymers disclosed herein. In certain embodiments, the condensation polymers include polyesters, polycarbonates, polyamides, polyethers, phenol-formaldehyde resins, urea-formaldehyde resins, melamine-formaldehyde resins and combinations thereof. In some embodiments, the polyfarnesenes include farnesene homopolymers derived from a farnesene, and farnesene interpolymers derived from a farnesene and at least a vinyl monomer. In certain embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: AMYRIS, INC.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Patent number: 9029462
    Abstract: The present invention provides an adhesive composition that may improve both adhesiveness to a film layer and adhesiveness to a rubber layer, and an adhesion method using the same, as well as a laminate and a tire. The adhesive composition according to the present invention includes a rubber component, at least 80 mass % of which rubber component is an epoxidized natural rubber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Takuya Ogasawara, Ryuji Nakagawa, Kotaro Hayakawa, Hideyuki Chiashi
  • Publication number: 20150126657
    Abstract: The present invention includes a process for producing treated filler that includes (a) treating a slurry that includes untreated filler where the untreated filler has not been previously dried, with a treating composition that includes a treating agent, thereby forming a treated filler slurry, and (b) drying the treated filler slurry to produce treated filler. The treating agent can include a polymer having (i) at least one first group that interacts with the untreated filler and (ii) at least one second group that interacts with a rubber matrix into which the treated filler is incorporated. The present invention also is directed to treated filler prepared by the process, as well as rubber compounding compositions and tires including the treated filler.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 7, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Timothy Allen Okel, Peter Lawrence Votruba-Drzal, Justin Jonathan Martin, Raphael O. Kollah, Truman Wilt, Brian K. Rearick, Clint Steven Edelman, Linda K. Anderson, Feng Wang, Kurt G. Olson
  • Patent number: 9010393
    Abstract: Tyre and rubber composition for tyre, based on at least one isoprene elastomer (for example natural rubber), an inorganic filler as reinforcing filler (for example silica) and a coupling system which provides the bonding between the said reinforcing inorganic filler and the isoprene elastomer, the said coupling system comprising, in combination: as first coupling agent, a silane sulphide compound; as second coupling agent, an at least bifunctional organosilicon compound (for example an organosilane or an organosiloxane) which can be grafted to the elastomer by means of an azodicarbonyl functional group (—CO—N?N—CO—).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Michelin Recherche et Technique, S.A.
    Inventors: Jose Carlos Araujo Da Silva, Nathalie Binde, Pierre Robert, Sebastien Sterin, Anne Veyland
  • Patent number: 8993669
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a functionalized elastomer comprising the reaction product of a living anionic elastomeric polymer and a polymerization terminator of formula I wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, and R5 are as defined. The invention is further directed to a rubber composition including the functionalized elastomer, and a pneumatic tire including the rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Leena Nebhani, Michael Joseph Rachita
  • Patent number: 8962766
    Abstract: A method for preparing a functionalized polymer, the method comprising the steps of: (i) polymerizing monomers to form a reactive polymer, and (ii) reacting the reactive polymer with a protected polyhydrazone compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Steven Luo, Joshua S. Dickstein, Dennis R. Brumbaugh
  • Patent number: 8952101
    Abstract: For a tire excellent in strength, low-heat buildup property, wet grip property, and driveability, and a rubber composition and a conjugated diene rubber for the tire, a conjugated diene rubber of the present invention includes 5 wt % or more of a structure that 3 or more conjugated diene polymer chains are bound via a denaturing agent, obtained by reaction of each chain and the agent, each chain being that at least one of terminals is an isoprene block having 70 wt % or more of an isoprene monomer unit, and the other is an active terminal, the agent having, per molecule, at least one of an epoxy group(s) and a hydrocarbyloxysilyl group(s), and being that a total number of the epoxy group(s) and hydrocarbyloxy groups in the hydrocarbyloxysilyl group(s) per molecule is 3 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Zeon Corporation
    Inventors: Tatsuo Sasajima, Takeshi Karato, Takeshi Sugimura
  • Patent number: 8946349
    Abstract: A rubber composition that can be used in applications such as automotive tires and can improve the fuel efficiency performance and driving stability of automobiles and the like, a method for producing a rubber composition, and a tire using the same are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: JSR Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Okada, Ryoji Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Udagawa
  • Publication number: 20140378619
    Abstract: Provided are a method for producing a relatively uniformly epoxidized natural rubber in a simple and inexpensive manner, a rubber composition for tires that includes the epoxidized natural rubber, and a pneumatic tire formed from the rubber composition for tires. The present invention relates to a method for producing an epoxidized natural rubber, including: Step 1 of coagulating natural rubber latex into granules to prepare a granular solid rubber; and Step 2 of treating the granular solid rubber with an epoxidizing liquid to epoxidize the granular solid rubber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Toshiaki Sakaki, Lucksanaporn Tarachiwin, Kamolchat Charungchitaree, Hathainat Kum-Ourm
  • Publication number: 20140343231
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a copolymer comprising: a polymeric backbone chain derived from a monomer comprising at least one conjugated diolefin monomer and optionally at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and a polymeric side-chain bonded exclusively to a terminal end of the backbone chain, the side-chain comprising a polymer derived from a monomer having a hydrogen bond donor moiety and a hydrogen bond acceptor moiety.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 15, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Arindam Mazumdar, Frank James Feher
  • Publication number: 20140316057
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a modified polymer obtained by grafting a compound comprising at least one group Q, and at least one group A bonded together by at least, and preferably, one “spacer” group Sp in which: Q comprises an azo-carbonyl group capable of being grafted onto the polymer chain by an “ene reaction”, A comprises an associative group comprising at least one nitrogen atom, Sp is an atom or a group of atoms forming a bond between Q and A.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2011
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicants: MICHELIN RECHERCHE ET TECHNIQUE S.A., COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ESTABLISSEMENTS MICHELIN
    Inventors: José Araujo Da Silva, Jean-Michel Favrot, Anne Frédérique Salit, Nicolas Seeboth
  • Patent number: 8859687
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a functionalized elastomer comprising: a polymeric backbone chain derived from a monomer comprising at least one conjugated diene monomer and optionally at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and a functional group bonded to the backbone chain, the functional group comprising a multidentate ligand capable of complexing with a metal ion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Ralf Mruk, Frank Schmitz, Robert Fokko Roskamp, Alexandra Hermann, Rudolf Wilhelm Zentel
  • Publication number: 20140299575
    Abstract: A BCP having first block of first monomer and second block of second monomer, adapted to undergo a transition from disordered state to ordered state at a temperature less than TOD, further including a bridging moiety having a functional group to provide hydrogen bonding between bridging moieties of adjacent first and second BCP molecules when in the ordered state and at a temperature in excess of a glass transition temperature Tg for the BCP. Composition including BCP comprising first block of first monomer and second block of second monomer, and a crosslinking compound having first and second terminal groups joined by a central moiety and arranged to crosslink second blocks of adjacent first and second BCP molecules by providing non-covalent bonding between the terminal groups and a functional group of the second monomer of the second blocks when the BCP is in the ordered state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Publication date: October 9, 2014
    Applicant: ASML Netherlands B.V.
    Inventors: Aurelie Marie Andree Brizard, Wilhelmus Sebastianus Marcus Maria Ketelaars, Sander Frederik Wuister, Roelof Koole, Emiel Peeters, Christianus Martinus Van Heesch, Henri Marie Joseph Boots, Thanh Trung Nguyen
  • Publication number: 20140274842
    Abstract: Disclosed is an oil-soluble lubricating oil additive composition, suitable for use as a dispersant viscosity index improver in lubricating oils; prepared by the process which comprises reacting a hydrocarbon polymer having a number average molecular weight (Mn) between about 7,000 and about 500,000 wherein the polymer backbone has been functionalized with an ethylenically unsaturated acylating agent and a hydroxyl-linked polycyclic fused ring component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron Oronite Company LLC
    Inventors: Patrick J. McDougall, Pritesh A. Patel
  • Patent number: 8816014
    Abstract: There are provided a modified conjugated diene-based polymer having a good balance between the hysteresis loss properties and the wet skid resistance, practically sufficient abrasion resistance and fracture strength, and high processability when formed into a vulcanized product, and a modified conjugated diene-based polymer composition. A method for producing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer, comprising: a polymerization step of polymerizing a conjugated diene compound or copolymerizing a conjugated diene compound with an aromatic vinyl compound using an alkali metal compound or an alkaline earth metal compound as a polymerization initiator to obtain a conjugated diene-based polymer having a reactive end, and a modifying step of reacting a compound having a specific structure with the reactive end of the conjugated diene-based polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Junichi Yoshida, Shinichi Sekikawa, Takaaki Matsuda
  • Patent number: 8815998
    Abstract: After hydrolyzing a phospholipid bonded to a molecular end of a natural rubber, a compound having a polar group reacting with a hydroxyl group is condensed with a hydroxyl group contained in the phospholipid-hydrolyzed natural rubber to thereby obtain a modified natural rubber in which a polar group is present at a molecular end. The modified natural rubber thus obtained in which a polar group is present at a molecular end is used for a rubber component of a rubber composition, whereby a rubber composition in which carbon black and silica as fillers are bonded to the rubber component to enhance a reinforcing effect and which is excellent in a low hysteresis loss property and abrasion resistance to a large extent is obtained. An enzyme or an alkali is used for hydrolyzing the phospholipid, and a condensing agent is used for condensing the polar group-containing compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Takahiko Matsui
  • Patent number: 8809450
    Abstract: The present invention provides a modified natural rubber which simultaneously achieves good fuel economy and good heat-aging resistance, and the production method thereof. The present invention also provides a tire rubber composition and a pneumatic tire which are produced using the modified natural rubber. The present invention relates to a modified natural rubber which is obtainable by treating a rubber coagulated from a saponified natural rubber latex, with a basic compound and then with an acidic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Rubber Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshiaki Sakaki, Naoya Ichikawa, Masako Iwamoto
  • Publication number: 20140227520
    Abstract: A synthetic bead for use in mineral separation is described. The synthetic bead has a surface made of a synthetic material such as polymer and the synthetic material is functionalized with molecules having a functional group for attracting mineral particles to the surface in a separation process. The synthetic beads can be placed in flotation cell containing a mixture of water, valuable material and unwanted material or in a pipeline where the mixture is transported from one location to another. The enriched synthetic beads carrying the mineral particles are separated from the unwanted materials in the mixture. The mineral particles are then released from the synthetic beads by means of low pH treatment, ultrasonic agitation, thermal or electromagnetic treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: CiDRA Corporate Services Inc.
    Inventors: Paul J. Rothman, Mark R. Fernald, Francis K. Didden, Christian V. O'Keefe, Alan D. Kersey, Douglas H. Adamson
  • Publication number: 20140186628
    Abstract: A synthetic polyisoprene latex emulsion has pre-vulcanization composition and post vulcanization composition. The pre-vulcanization composition comprises soluble sulfur with high S8 ring structure that is catalytically broken by a zinc dithiocarbamate. Surfactants present in the pre-vulcanization composition wets synthetic polyisoprene particles and permeates small sized sulfur and accelerator molecules into the interior of these particles thereby pre-vulcanizing the particles. The degree of pre-vulcanization is verified by isopropanol index test. The latex emulsion has post-vulcanization composition with accelerators that crosslink inter-particle region during post vulcanization cure cycle. The dipped synthetic polyisoprene article is substantially uniformly cured both in the inter-particle and intra-particle regions and reliably exhibits high cross link density, uniform distribution of double bonds in TEM and zinc segregation at the boundaries or original particles by electron microprobe analysis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2014
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: Ansell Healthcare Products LLC
    Inventors: David M. Lucas, Sugath Amarasekera, Dave Narasimhan, Adeline Ai Lin Kung
  • Patent number: 8759449
    Abstract: The invention relates to a wiper rubber for windshield wipers, which contains at least one rubber component that is cured by vulcanization, the material of the wiper rubber containing, at least in the unvulcanized state, a combination of a cross-linking agent with sulfur and/or with a sulfur donor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Eric Pieters, Reiner Lay, Harald Kleinknecht, Hilde Parton
  • Patent number: 8750762
    Abstract: To provide a charging member that can have a uniform electrical resistance, can not easily change in electrical resistance even by any long-term continuous electrification and, as a result thereof, may cause less change in its charging performance with time. A charging member having a conductive support and an elastic-material layer; the elastic-material layer comprising a vulcanized rubber; the vulcanized rubber being a vulcanized product of a composition which comprises i) a binder polymer comprising a polymer having a butadiene skeleton and ii) carbon black as electrically conductive particles; and the polymer having a butadiene skeleton has a molecular terminal modified with an atomic group having a specific structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masaaki Harada, Hiroaki Watanabe, Keiji Nose
  • Patent number: 8748531
    Abstract: A method for preparing a functionalized polymer, the method comprising the steps of polymerizing monomer to form a reactive polymer; and reacting the reactive polymer with a protected oxime compound containing an acyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Steven Luo
  • Publication number: 20140093728
    Abstract: A carbon nanostructure that is free of a growth substrate can include a plurality of carbon nanotubes that are branched, crosslinked, and share common walls with one another. The carbon nanostructure can be released from a growth substrate in the form of a flake material. Optionally, the carbon nanotubes of the carbon nanostructure can be coated, such as with a polymer, or a filler material can be present within the porosity of the carbon nanostructure. Methods for forming a carbon nanostructure that is free of a growth substrate can include providing a carbon nanostructure adhered to a growth substrate, and removing the carbon nanostructure from the growth substrate to form a carbon nanostructure that is free of the growth substrate. Various techniques can be used to affect removal of the carbon nanostructure from the growth substrate. Isolation of the carbon nanostructure can further employ various wet and/or dry separation techniques.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Nanostructured Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Tushar K. SHAH, Harry Charles Malecki, Rajneeta Rachel Basantkumar, Han Liu, Corey Adam Fleischer, Joseph J. Sedlak, Jigar M. Patel, William Patrick Burgess, Jess Michael Goldfinger
  • Publication number: 20140080978
    Abstract: The invention provides dispersing agents for inorganic fillers capable of uniformly dispersing inorganic fillers in a substrate such as made of a rubber or resin material such that molded products with improved mechanical strength and abrasion resistance can be produced from such a substrate material and more specifically that rubber compositions with improved abrasion resistance and workability can be obtained and that automobile tires with improved low fuel consumption and handling stability can be produced from such rubber compositions, as well as a method of producing such dispersing agents characterized as using a modified conjugated diene polymer obtained by introducing specified structural units with improved mutual reaction with inorganic fillers into a conjugated diene polymer having affinity with rubber and resin materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Yuji Ohi, Makoto Hattori, Ippei Noda, Akira Miyano, Hironari Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8674030
    Abstract: A modified conjugated diene polymer and a manufacturing method for the same are provided. The modified conjugated diene polymer is manufactured by the method including, forming a conjugated diene polymer by a polymerization step and making it react with a first modifier and then react with a second modifier. The modified conjugated diene polymer has over 97% of cis-1,4 structure. A PDI of the modified conjugated diene polymer is bigger than 1.8 and smaller than 2.5. The first modifier has a chemical formula of X—R1-Si(R2)3. The second modifier has a chemical formula of R3-Si(R4)3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Chi Mei Corporation
    Inventors: Chih-Cheng Lee, Kuei-Lun Cheng
  • Patent number: 8669339
    Abstract: Disclosed are a polybutadiene having a controlled microstructure, a narrow molecular weight distribution, minimal gel content, and a low APHA color, a modified polybutadiene, producing methods for both, and a rubber-reinforced styrene resin composition using the same. The polybutadiene of the present invention is characterized in that the ratio (Tcp/ML1+4) of a 5% toluene melting viscosity (Tcp) measured at 25° C. and the Mooney viscosity (ML1+4) at 100° C. is 2.0 or higher, the molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn) is 2.80 or less, the gel content is 0.06 wt % or less, and the APHA color is 20 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Ube Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuyoshi Okabe, Yuuji Matsudaira, Chaiyaket Vichuta, Toshiyuki Sakaguchi
  • Publication number: 20140048194
    Abstract: The present invention provides an adhesive composition that may improve both adhesiveness to a film layer and adhesiveness to a rubber layer, and an adhesion method using the same, as well as a laminate and a tire. The adhesive composition according to the present invention includes a rubber component, at least 80 mass % of which rubber component is an epoxidized natural rubber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takuya Ogasawara, Ryuji Nakagawa, Kotaro Hayakawa, Hideyuki Chiashi
  • Patent number: 8642704
    Abstract: A functionalized polymer terminated by using an isocyanato alkoxysilane terminating agent. A method of preparing a functionalized polymer comprising the step of contacting a living polymer with an isocyanato alkoxysilane terminating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Christine Rademacher, David F. Lawson, Terrence E. Hogan
  • Patent number: 8642705
    Abstract: A process for producing a conjugated diene-based polymer which comprises, in the first modification, modifying a conjugated diene-based polymer having active chain ends, which is obtained by polymerizing a diene-based monomer singly or with other monomers and has a content of a cis-1,4 unit of 75% by mole or greater in the conjugated diene portion of the main chain, by reacting the active chain ends with a hydrocarbyloxysilane compound and reacting the modified polymer with a specific compound such as a hydrocarbyloxysilane compound, and a rubber composition containing the polymer modified in accordance with the above process and, preferably, 10 to 100 parts by weight of silica and/or carbon black per 100 parts by weight of the rubber component containing the modified polymer, are provided. The rubber composition containing silica and/or carbon black exhibits improved fracture properties, abrasion resistance, low heat buildup property and excellent workability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Youichi Ozawa, Hajime Kondou, Noriko Endou
  • Patent number: 8623955
    Abstract: A macromolecule including a polymer and a polyhedral radical chemically bonded to a terminus of the polymer provides numerous processing and performance advantages. Further functionalization of this macromolecule also is described as being advantageous in certain circumstances. Methods of providing, functionalizing, and utilizing the macro-molecule also are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Yuan-Yong Yan, Jason Poulton, Xiaorong Wang, Hao Wang, Michelle A. Cottrell
  • Patent number: 8609251
    Abstract: The rubber composite was fabricated by use of direct vulcanization adhesion method with a sulfenamide-based vulcanization accelerators, and the sulfenamide-based vulcanization accelerator is used for a rubber composite using a sulfenamide compound as a vulcanization accelerator, the adhesion properties of the steel cord/rubber adhesion boundary surface and the anti-scorch properties can be achieved simultaneously, the sulfenamide-based vulcanization accelerator being such that the bond order between an amine generated form the sulfenamide compound and a surface of a metal material is zero, and the distance of the S—N (amine moiety) bond of the sulfenamide compound is less than 1.67 ?, and the electric charge on N of the amine radical generated as a result of dissociation of the S—N bond is ?0.295 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Masashi Ohtsuki, Yoshitaka Sato
  • Patent number: 8609252
    Abstract: A rubber composition comprises a rubber component, sulfur and a sulfeneamide base vulcanization accelerator represented by the following Formula (I), and has an excellent adhesive property with metal such as a steel cord without bringing about problems such as deteriorating in the physical properties and blooming of rubber after vulcanization. (wherein R1 represents a branched alkyl group having 3 to 12 carbon atoms; R2 represents a linear alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or a branched alkyl group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms; x represents an integer of 1 or 2, and n represents an integer of 0 or 1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Yoshitaka Satou
  • Patent number: 8604136
    Abstract: A process for making a substantially saturated dendritic hydrocarbon polymer. The process has the following steps: (a) polymerizing an amount of one or more alkadiene monomers and/or one or more alkenylaromatic polymers under anionic conditions in the presence of a di- or tri-functional organic lithium initiator to produce a polyalkadiene defining a multiplicity of lithiated chain ends; (b) reacting the polyalkadiene with an amount of a tri- or di-functional silane coupling agent to form a dendritic polyalkadiene; and (c) hydrogenating the dendritic polyalkadiene to form a substantially saturated dendritic hydrocarbon polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: David John Lohse, Nikos Hadjichristidis, Andy Haishung Tsou, Suzzy C. H. Ho, Paul Edward Schuenzel
  • Patent number: 8584725
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cured rubber composition, its preparation and a tire with a component of such rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Bruce Raymond Hahn, Rebecca Lee Dando, Larry Ashley Gordon
  • Publication number: 20130296493
    Abstract: The present invention provides a modified natural rubber that offers higher efficiency of graft polymerization or attachment of a polar group-containing compounds, and that possesses excellent low loss factor, wear resistance and fracture resistance when used as a rubber composition, a rubber composition using the modified natural rubber and a tire using the rubber composition. In the present invention, a polar group-containing compound is graft polymerized or attached under mechanical shear force to a natural rubber raw material having a nitrogen content of 0.4 mass % or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Taku YAMAMOTO, Haruki Minojima, Takeshi Kasai
  • Patent number: 8575278
    Abstract: Certain disclosed embodiments of the present invention concern a golf ball including a core having a center, an outer cover layer, and optionally one or more intermediate layers. At least one or more of the core, outer cover layer or one or more intermediate layers includes a sulfonated polyisoprene ionomer having the general formula: where A is an isoprene repeating unit having the formula —(CH2—C(CH3)?CH—CH2)—, B is an isoprene repeating unit or other monomer repeating unit, m is greater than 10, and n is greater than 2, and X is selected from one or both of the following groups; i) Li+, Na+, K+, Zn2+, Ca2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, and Mg2+ or ii) an ammonium cation having the general formula [NR1R2R3R4]+. R1, R2, R3 and R4 are selected from one or both of the following hydrogen, a C1-C20 aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic moiety.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Hyun J. Kim, Hong G. Jeon
  • Publication number: 20130261252
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a functionalized elastomer comprising the reaction product of a living anionic elastomeric polymer and a polymerization terminator of formula I wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, and R5 are as defined. The invention is further directed to a rubber composition including the functionalized elastomer, and a pneumatic tire including the rubber composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Inventors: Leena Nebhani, Michael Joseph Rachita
  • Patent number: 8541510
    Abstract: This invention relates to a thermosetting composition having an excellent thermosetting property, and more particularly to a thermosetting composition comprising (A) a diene-based polymer having two or more unsaturated bonds, (B) a polythiol derived from a mercaptocarboxylic acid, and (c) a thermally radical-generating agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Hajime Kitano, Shuyou Akama