Polymer Derived From Monomer Containing At Least Two Ethylenic Groups Or Diene Rubber Patents (Class 525/331.9)
  • Patent number: 10696754
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a modifier represented by Formula 1, a method of preparing the same, a modified conjugated diene-based polymer having a high modification ratio which includes a modifier-derived functional group, and a method of preparing the polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Ji Eun Kim, Dae June Joe, Cheol Jae Kim, Won Mun Choi
  • Patent number: 10577488
    Abstract: A vulcanizate of a rubber mixture for a vehicle tire, the rubber mixture containing at least one filler and 10 to 100 phr of at least one polymer A of the following formula: PS—R1—S—R2)n where S is a sulfur atom, and P is a polymer chain which is obtainable by anionic polymerization of at least one conjugated diene and optionally one or more vinylaromatic compounds and which has optionally been chain end-modified, R1 is most preferably C1-C8-alkyl, R2 is preferably selected from H and —SiR3R4R5 in which R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from H, C1-C16-alkyl, C6-C16-aryl and C7-C16-aralkyl, and n is an integer selected from 1 to 200, where the —S—R1—S—R2 group(s) are bonded to the backbone of the polymer chain P.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Noa Pruss, Julia Grosse, Carla Recker, Katharina Herzog
  • Patent number: 10486468
    Abstract: The invention provides a terminal-modified conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer and a synthesis method and application thereof. The synthesis method of the terminal-modified conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer includes producing a conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer having active terminals; and reacting the conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer having the active terminals with a compound represented by formula (1) to produce the conjugated diene-vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon copolymer having terminals modified by the compound represented by formula (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2019
    Assignee: Chi Mei Corporation
    Inventors: Chia-Hon Tai, Kuan-Lin Hsieh
  • Patent number: 10351636
    Abstract: Metallated aminosilane compounds for use as functional initiators in anionic polymerizations and processes for producing an aminosilane-functionalized polymer using the metallated aminosilane compounds to initiate anionic polymerization of at least one type of anionically polymerizable monomer. Preferred use of the metallated aminosilane compounds results in rubber compositions for use in tires comprising an aminosilane functionalized polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: David F. Lawson, Terrence E. Hogan, Christine Rademacher, David M. Roggeman, Fuminori Ota
  • Patent number: 10125211
    Abstract: Provided is a tire member which is satisfactory in low fuel consumption performance and exhibits higher strength and more excellent abrasion resistance as compared with conventional ones. The tire member is a tire member obtained by subjecting a composition containing a hydrogenated conjugated diene polymer and a crosslinking agent to a crosslinking treatment, wherein the hydrogenated conjugated diene polymer is a hydrogenated product of a conjugated diene polymer that has a structural unit derived from butadiene and has a functional group at one end or both ends and the functional group is one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an amino group, an imino group, a pyridyl group, a phosphino group, a thiol group, and a hydrocarbyloxysilyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: JSR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Naoya Nosaka, Shigeru Abe, Hirofumi Senga, Takumi Adachi, Ryoji Tanaka
  • Patent number: 9873749
    Abstract: The present invention provides a rubber composition for an undertread, the rubber composition achieving excellent low heat build-up and high elastic modulus when formed into a tire; and a pneumatic tire that includes the rubber composition. The rubber composition for an undertread contains a diene rubber and a carbon black. The diene rubber contains a natural rubber and a modified polymer that is obtained by reacting a nitrone compound with a double bond of a conjugated diene polymer. The content of the natural rubber in the diene rubber is 60 mass % or greater, the content of the modified polymer in the diene rubber is from 8 to 40 mass %, the content of the carbon black is from 30 to 67 parts by mass per 100 parts by mass of the diene rubber, and the nitrogen adsorption specific surface area of the carbon black is from 20 to 60 m2/g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2018
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Manabu Kato, Ryota Takahashi, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9845382
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for producing functionalized telechelic oligomers, comprising two steps. The first step relates to bringing a raw material comprising at least one high-molecular-weight polymer comprising at least two unsaturations, into contact with a solution comprising at least one metathesis catalyst and at least one functionalizing agent. The second step relates to the separation of the functionalized telechelic oligomers produced by the metathesis reaction in ionic liquid medium of the first step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignees: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Caen Basse-Normandie, Universite du Maine
    Inventors: Jean-Francois Pilard, Arnaud Nourry, Isabelle Dez, Annie-Claude Gaumont, Ali Mouawia
  • Patent number: 9803031
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide a modified polymer that significantly reduces heat build-up due to the modification when the modified polymer is formed into a rubber composition, a rubber composition containing the modified polymer, and a pneumatic tire in which the rubber composition is used. The modified polymer of the present invention is a modified polymer obtained by modifying a styrene-conjugated diene copolymer (A) with a nitrone compound (B). In the modified polymer, the content of styrene units in the styrene-conjugated diene copolymer (A) is 10% by mass or greater, and the proportion of vinyl bonds among all the double bonds contained in the styrene-conjugated diene copolymer (A) is 5 mol % or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: The Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ryota Takahashi, Manabu Kato, Takahiro Okamatsu, Yoshiaki Kirino
  • Patent number: 9725524
    Abstract: The purpose of the present invention is to provide: an anti-vibration rubber composition which enables the production of a hardened rubber article having excellent heat resistance, compression set, low dynamic magnification, tensile properties (elongation, strength), low-temperature properties and workability (scorch resistance); and an anti-vibration rubber which is produced by hardening the rubber composition. The anti-vibration rubber composition is characterized by comprising a rubber component mainly composed of a diene rubber, a bismaleimide compound as a vulcanizing agent, and N-phenyl-N-(trichloromethylthio)benzenesulfoneamide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Masaaki Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 9676874
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are metallated aminosilane compounds for use as functional initiators in anionic polymerizations and processes for producing an aminosilane-functionalized polymer using the metallated aminosilane compounds to initiate anionic polymerization of at least one type of anionically polymerizable monomer. Preferred use of the metallated aminosilane compounds results in rubber compositions for use in tires comprising an aminosilane functionalized polymer. A telechelic polymer may result from use of the metallated aminosilane compound and a functional terminator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: David F. Lawson, Terrence E. Hogan, Christine Rademacher, David M. Roggeman, Fuminori Ota
  • Patent number: 9587042
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a process for producing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer suitable for preparing a polymer composition excellent in the fuel cost saving effect. The present invention provides a process for producing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer, comprising reacting a conjugated diene-based polymer having a monomer unit based on a conjugated diene compound and a monomer unit based on a compound represented by the following formula (1), with an organometallic compound, and reacting the resulting reaction product with a hydrocarbyloxysilane compound: wherein R11, R12, R13, R14 and R15 each represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, at least one of R11, R12, R13, R14 and R15 is an alkyl group, R16, R17 and R18 each represent a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbyl group, R19 represents a hydrocarbylene group, and k represents 0 or 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2017
    Assignee: SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED
    Inventor: Mana Ito
  • Patent number: 9487633
    Abstract: A production method of a compound for realization of modified bitumen for asphalts is disclosed, and includes the following steps: grinding of vulcanized rubber to obtain vulcanized crumb rubber with granulometry lower than 0.4 mm; mixing of the vulcanized crumb rubber, SBS and lubricant in an extruder, wherein the weight percentage of lubricant is between 1% and 50% compared to mixture weight and the vulcanized crumb rubber is in a weight percentage of 70-100% compared to SBS weight; in such way to obtain an extruded compound containing the vulcanized crumb rubber, SBS and lubricant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2016
    Assignee: TECNOFILM S.P.A.
    Inventor: Bruno Cardinali
  • Patent number: 9458310
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polyethylene compositions comprising one or more ethylene polymers and one or more dendritic hydrocarbon polymer modifiers, in particular, this invention further relates to polyethylene blends comprising one or more ethylene polymers and one or more dendritic hydrocarbon polymer modifiers, wherein the modifier has: 1) a g? value less than 0.75; 2) a Cayley tree topology with a layer number of 2 or more more; and 3) a average Mw between the branch points of 1,500 g/mol or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Pradeep P. Shirodkar, Jianya J. Cheng, Andy H. Tsou, Pamela J. Wright, Johannes M. Soulages
  • Patent number: 9394321
    Abstract: Provided are a modifying agent obtained by subjecting a silicon-containing compound having a protected primary amino group and at least two hydrolyzable groups to complete condensation, a method of producing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer, a modified conjugated diene-based polymer obtained by the production method, a rubber composition using the polymer, and a pneumatic tire. The modified conjugated diene-based polymer has excellent low heat generating property and abrasion resistance, and the rubber composition is obtained by using the modified conjugated diene-based polymer and the pneumatic tire is obtained by using the rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenji Nakatani, Yuki Itoh
  • Patent number: 9302158
    Abstract: A golf ball, showing a lower spin rate and a greater flight distance on driver shots by controlling a hardness distribution of the spherical core thereof, comprises a spherical core and at least one cover layer covering the spherical core. The spherical core is formed from a rubber composition containing (a) a base rubber, (b) an ?,?-unsaturated carboxylic acid having 3 to 8 carbon atoms and/or a metal salt thereof as a co-crosslinking agent, (c) a crosslinking initiator, (d1) a salt of a carboxylic acid having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or an aromatic carboxylic acid and/or a salt thereof, and (d2) at least one compound selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic carboxylic acid having 5 or more carbon atoms, a salt of an aliphatic carboxylic acid having 5 or more carbon atoms, thiobenzoic acids, salts of thiobenzoic acids, a mercaptocarboxylic acid derivative and a dithiodicarboxylic acid derivative.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: DUNLOP SPORTS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ayaka Shindo, Chiemi Mikura, Ryota Sakamine
  • Patent number: 9212276
    Abstract: By a method comprising a process including (a) producing a modified conjugated diene polymer through reaction of a conjugated diene polymer having an alkali metal or alkaline-earth metal active terminal with a first alkoxysilane compound which has both an alkoxysilyl group and at least one group convertible into an onium, and (b) mixing the modified conjugated diene polymer, an agent for producing onium, a second alkoxysilane compound having an alkoxysilyl group and at least one group convertible into an onium and a condensation catalyst containing metal element(s) for alkoxysilane compounds, conjugated diene rubber usable as a starting material of cross-linked rubber which is used for a tire tread or the like and allows enhancement of low fuel consumption property can be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignee: JSR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ryouji Tanaka, Masahiro Shibata, Takaomi Matsumoto, Kenji Hasegawa, Toshihiro Tadaki
  • Publication number: 20150148435
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method of devulcanising vulcanised rubber which comprises the following steps: a) providing at least one vulcanised rubber composition; b) grinding the vulcanised rubber into chips or pellets; c) mixing the ground rubber obtained from step b) in such a way as to homogenise the form and temperature of same. d) carrying out a non-degrading mechanical treatment on the mixed rubber at the end of step c) to obtain a polymeric composite. The invention also concerns a thermoplastic material and an elastomeric mixture which comprise, in the formulation of same, at least one polymeric composite obtained by this method of devulcanisation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Daniel Arnaud
  • Patent number: 9029479
    Abstract: Process for the preparation of vinyl aromatic (co) polymers grafted on an elastomer in a controlled manner, comprising: dissolving an elastomer functionalized with bromoalkanes and nitroxy radicals, soluble in non-polar solvents, in a liquid phase consisting of a mixture of vinyl aromatic monomer(s)/polymerization solvent; feeding at least one radical initiator to the mixture, containing the functionalized elastomer in solution, and polymerizing the mixture thus obtained at a temperature higher than or equal to 1200 C; recovering the vinyl aromatic (co) polymer obtained after devolatization; and recycling the solvent/monomer(s) mixture, coming from the devolatization, to step (a).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignee: Polimeri Europa S.p.A.
    Inventors: Gian Tommaso Viola, Leonardo Chiezzi
  • Patent number: 9023937
    Abstract: A method for producing a rubber composition, the method comprising a step of producing a pre-kneaded rubber composition by kneading a butadiene-based rubber and 1 to 20 parts by weight of a silane coupling agent per 100 parts by weight of the butadiene-based rubber and a step of kneading the pre-kneaded rubber composition and 30 to 200 parts by weight of a silica per 100 parts by weight of the butadiene-based rubber used for producing the pre-kneaded rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takuya Sudo, Hisakatsu Hama
  • Publication number: 20150099852
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are metallated aminosilane compounds for use as functional initiators in anionic polymerizations and processes for producing an aminosilane-functionalized polymer using the metallated aminosilane compounds to initiate anionic polymerization of at least one type of anionically polymerizable monomer. Preferred use of the metallated aminosilane compounds results in rubber compositions for use in tires comprising an aminosilane functionalized polymer. A telechelic polymer may result from use of the metallated aminosilane compound and a functional terminator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: David F. Lawson, Terrence E. Hogan, Christine Rademacher, David M. Roggeman, Fuminori Ota
  • Patent number: 8993680
    Abstract: A process for making a hyperbranched polyethylene. The process has the steps of (a) reacting a multifunctional acrylate monomer with an ?,?-diene monomer in the presence of a first catalyst to form an alternating acrylate/diene copolymer and (b) reacting the alternating acrylate/diene copolymer with a late transition metal ?-diimine catalyst to form a multi-nuclear initiator for chain walking polymerization of ethylene. There is also a process for forming a multi-nuclear initiator. There is also a hyperbranched polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Yong Yang, Andy Haishung Tsou
  • Patent number: 8962765
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a composition including telechelic oligomers the ends of which carry reactive functions, the method including the contacting of at least one waste material containing rubber, preferable tire waste, with a chemical degradation agent selected from cleavage agents that are specific for double bonds; and a transfer agent in the presence of a catalysts; at a temperature from 15 to 400° C., preferably from 17 to 35° C.; at ambient pressure. The composition of oligomers that can be prepared by the method is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite du Maine
    Inventors: Jean-Francois Pilard, Irene Campistron, Faten Sadaka, Albert Laguerre
  • Patent number: 8962730
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a self-healing rubber composition comprising a functionalized elastomer comprising: a polymeric backbone chain derived from a monomer comprising at least one conjugated diene monomer and optionally at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and a functional group bonded to the backbone chain, the functional group comprising a multidentate ligand capable of complexing with a metal ion; and a partitioned metal ion. The invention is further directed to a pneumatic tire comprising the self-healing rubber composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Ralf Mruk, Christian Jean-Marie Kaes, Robert Fokko Roskamp
  • Patent number: 8962745
    Abstract: A method for preparing a functionalized polymer, the method comprising the step of reacting a reactive polymer with a functionalizing agent defined by formula I or formula II: or combinations thereof, where R1, R2, and R3 are each independently a divalent organic group, R4 and R5 are each independently a monovalent organic group, a is an integer from 0 to 1, x is an integer from 0 to 2, y is an integer from 1 to 3, x+y=3, and ? is a protected amino group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Terrence E. Hogan, Xiao-Dong Pan, Kenji Nakatani, Ryota Tamate
  • Patent number: 8962766
    Abstract: A method for preparing a functionalized polymer, the method comprising the steps of: (i) polymerizing monomers to form a reactive polymer, and (ii) reacting the reactive polymer with a protected polyhydrazone compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Steven Luo, Joshua S. Dickstein, Dennis R. Brumbaugh
  • Patent number: 8957162
    Abstract: The invention relates to an elastomer material including flexible polymer chains containing crosslinking bridges having covalent bonds and crosslinking bridges having noncovalent bonds. The invention also relates to a method for preparing such elastomer material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: Manuel Hidalgo, Fabien Debaud
  • Patent number: 8952100
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for a preparation of a polymer selected from the following: (a) modified interpolymer comprising, in polymerized form, a conjugated diene and an aromatic alpha-olefin, or (b) a modified polymer comprising, in polymerized form, a conjugated diene; and wherein said method comprising at least the following steps: polymerizing monomers comprising at least one conjugated diene monomer in at least one polymerization reactor, in the presence of at least one solvent, to form the polymer, optionally coupling a fraction of the polymer chains using at least one coupling agent, modifying the polymer with at least one modifying agent, in at least one reactor, in the presence of the at least one solvent, to form a modified polymer solution; optionally, contacting the modified polymer solution with at least one proton donating compound; contacting the modified polymer solution with water; removing the at least one solvent; contacting the removed solvent with at least one material that will re
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Styron Europe GmbH
    Inventors: Sven Thiele, Jochen Boehm, Norbert Jantsch, Christiane Berndt
  • Patent number: 8946349
    Abstract: A rubber composition that can be used in applications such as automotive tires and can improve the fuel efficiency performance and driving stability of automobiles and the like, a method for producing a rubber composition, and a tire using the same are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: JSR Corporation
    Inventors: Koji Okada, Ryoji Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Udagawa
  • Patent number: 8927657
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method for producing an epoxidized polymer. The method comprises the steps of: (1) providing a polymer solution containing a polymer having a conjugated diene group; (2) providing a catalyst solution dissolved in the polymer solution, the catalyst solution containing a transition metal ion and a ligand for bonding to the transition metal ion, the transition metal ion being selected from the group consisting of Ti, Mn, V, Mo, W and any combination thereof; and (3) epoxidizing double bonds of the conjugated diene group to produce the epoxidized polymer by providing an epoxidizing agent dissolved in the polymer solution containing the catalyst solution, wherein the epoxidizing agent is meta-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (mCPBA) or analogs thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: TSRC Corporation
    Inventors: Chih-Wei Hsu, Hung-Chieh Hou
  • Patent number: 8916665
    Abstract: Metallated aminosilane compounds for use as functional initiators in anionic polymerizations and processes for producing an aminosilane-functionalized polymer using the metallated aminosilane compounds to initiate anionic polymerization of at least one type of anionically polymerizable monomer. Preferred use of the metallated aminosilane compounds results in rubber compositions for use in tires comprising an aminosilane functionalized polymer. A telechelic polymer may result from use of the metallated aminosilane compound as a functional terminator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: David F. Lawson, Terrence E. Hogan, Christine Rademacher, David M. Roggeman, Fuminori Ota
  • Patent number: 8895670
    Abstract: A method for preparing a functionalized polymer, the method comprising the steps of (i) polymerizing monomer with a coordination catalyst to form a reactive polymer; and (ii) reacting the reactive polymer with a carboxylic or thiocarboxylic ester containing a silylated amino group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Steven Luo
  • Patent number: 8893725
    Abstract: The invention provides a polymer prepared from a substituted 1,3-butadiene (such as neophytadiene) derived from a plant of the Nicotiana species. The invention also provides smoking articles and smokeless tobacco compositions that include the polymers described herein. Further, the invention provides a method of polymerizing a substituted 1,3-butadiene derived from a plant of the Nicotiana species, the method including reacting a substituted 1,3-butadiene derived from a plant of the Nicotiana species with one or more reagents selected from the group consisting of an anionic initiator, a radical initiator, and a Ziegler-Natta catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
    Inventors: Michael Francis Dube, William Monroe Coleman, III
  • Patent number: 8871871
    Abstract: Vulcanizates with desirable properties can be obtained from compounds incorporating polymers that include hydroxyl group-containing aryl functionalities. The functionalities can be incorporated by using any or all of appropriate initiators, monomers and optional terminating compounds. Such polymers exhibit excellent interactivity with both conventional and non-conventional fillers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Xiao-Dong Pan, Zengquan Qin, Yuan-Yong Yan, Dennis R. Brumbaugh, Jason T. Poulton
  • Patent number: 8859687
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a functionalized elastomer comprising: a polymeric backbone chain derived from a monomer comprising at least one conjugated diene monomer and optionally at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and a functional group bonded to the backbone chain, the functional group comprising a multidentate ligand capable of complexing with a metal ion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Ralf Mruk, Frank Schmitz, Robert Fokko Roskamp, Alexandra Hermann, Rudolf Wilhelm Zentel
  • Publication number: 20140256885
    Abstract: Hair treatment compositions are disclosed comprising a ?-amino ester compound in a cosmetically acceptable vehicle, such as a spray or cream. In embodiments, the compounds include a polybutadiene moiety. Methods of treating hair with the compositions to impart volume, texture and definition are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Applicant: Living Proof, Inc.
    Inventors: David Thomas Puerta, Susan Alice Thiell, Ronald P. McLaughlin, Daniel Griffith Anderson
  • Patent number: 8822604
    Abstract: The invention provides a rubber composition for golf balls which includes: (A) a base rubber containing a polybutadiene having a cis-1,4 bond content of at least 60 wt %; (B) an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or a metal salt thereof; (C) an anthranilic acid derivative of the general formula wherein R1 and R2 are each independently a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group of 1 to 20 carbons, m is an integer from 1 to 4, and n is an integer from 1 to 3, with the proviso that if m and/or n is 2 or more, each occurrence of R1 and R2 may be the same or different; and (D) sulfur. The rubber composition for golf balls of the invention enables a high-quality molded and crosslinked product having a suitable hardness and a high resilience to be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd., Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Yuichiro Ozawa, Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Yusuke Yamagata, Teppei Mori, Takahiro Iwai
  • Patent number: 8815998
    Abstract: After hydrolyzing a phospholipid bonded to a molecular end of a natural rubber, a compound having a polar group reacting with a hydroxyl group is condensed with a hydroxyl group contained in the phospholipid-hydrolyzed natural rubber to thereby obtain a modified natural rubber in which a polar group is present at a molecular end. The modified natural rubber thus obtained in which a polar group is present at a molecular end is used for a rubber component of a rubber composition, whereby a rubber composition in which carbon black and silica as fillers are bonded to the rubber component to enhance a reinforcing effect and which is excellent in a low hysteresis loss property and abrasion resistance to a large extent is obtained. An enzyme or an alkali is used for hydrolyzing the phospholipid, and a condensing agent is used for condensing the polar group-containing compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Takahiko Matsui
  • Patent number: 8816014
    Abstract: There are provided a modified conjugated diene-based polymer having a good balance between the hysteresis loss properties and the wet skid resistance, practically sufficient abrasion resistance and fracture strength, and high processability when formed into a vulcanized product, and a modified conjugated diene-based polymer composition. A method for producing a modified conjugated diene-based polymer, comprising: a polymerization step of polymerizing a conjugated diene compound or copolymerizing a conjugated diene compound with an aromatic vinyl compound using an alkali metal compound or an alkaline earth metal compound as a polymerization initiator to obtain a conjugated diene-based polymer having a reactive end, and a modifying step of reacting a compound having a specific structure with the reactive end of the conjugated diene-based polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Junichi Yoshida, Shinichi Sekikawa, Takaaki Matsuda
  • Patent number: 8809440
    Abstract: There is provided a method of producing a conjugated diene rubber capable of being used as a starting material for a crosslinked rubber that can be used in applications such as tire treads and can raise the fuel efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: JSR Corporation
    Inventors: Ryouji Tanaka, Masahiro Shibata, Takahiro Nakamura, Kenji Hasegawa, Toshihiro Tadaki
  • Patent number: 8802787
    Abstract: Described is process technology for producing brominated aromatic polymer compositions from low molecular weight aromatic polymer compositions. The specified conditions used in the process enable the formation of products having superior color and thermal stability properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventors: William J. Layman, Jr., Zhongxin Ge, Arthur G. Mack, Chi Hung Cheng, Neal J. Colonius, Sarah C. Jones, Steven A. Anderson
  • Patent number: 8802788
    Abstract: Rubber composition for golf balls which includes: (A) a base rubber containing a polybutadiene having a cis-1,4 bond content of at least 60 wt %; (B) an unsaturated carboxylic acid and/or a metal salt thereof; (C) an anthranilic acid derivative of the general formula wherein R1 and R2 are each independently a hydrogen atom or a hydrocarbon group of 1 to 20 carbons, m is an integer from 1 to 4, and n is an integer from 1 to 3, with the proviso that if m and/or n is 2 or more, each occurrence of R1 and R2 may be the same or different; and (D) an organic peroxide having a one-minute half-life temperature which is at least 158° C. and less than 175° C. The rubber composition for golf balls of the invention enables a high-quality molded and crosslinked product having a suitable hardness and a high resilience to be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignees: Bridgestone Sports Co., Ltd., Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Nakajima, Yuichiro Ozawa, Yusuke Yamagata, Teppei Mori, Takahiro Iwai
  • Patent number: 8802893
    Abstract: According to a method for producing acetic acid by carbonylation of methanol characterized in that an acid having an acid dissociation constant (pKa) smaller than the constant of acetic acid is allowed to be present in the reaction system, acetic acid can be produced by the reaction of methanol and carbon monoxide in a reaction liquid in the presence of a solid catalyst containing rhodium and alkyl iodide, to achieve an enhanced reaction rate of carbonylation of methanol in producing acetic acid in the region at a high carbonylation degree (Ca>0.8 mol/mol) for more efficient production of acetic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Chiyoda Corporation
    Inventors: Zhixiong You, Takeshi Minami, Chunji Yin, Yoichi Umehara, Tetsuro Matsumura, Chikako Hashimoto, Yasuo Hosono
  • Patent number: 8750762
    Abstract: To provide a charging member that can have a uniform electrical resistance, can not easily change in electrical resistance even by any long-term continuous electrification and, as a result thereof, may cause less change in its charging performance with time. A charging member having a conductive support and an elastic-material layer; the elastic-material layer comprising a vulcanized rubber; the vulcanized rubber being a vulcanized product of a composition which comprises i) a binder polymer comprising a polymer having a butadiene skeleton and ii) carbon black as electrically conductive particles; and the polymer having a butadiene skeleton has a molecular terminal modified with an atomic group having a specific structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masaaki Harada, Hiroaki Watanabe, Keiji Nose
  • Patent number: 8722810
    Abstract: A modified conjugated diene copolymer and a preparing method for the same are provided. The method comprising a polymerization step for polymerizing conjugated diene monomers to form a conjugated diene polymer; and a modifying step for reacting the conjugated diene polymer with a modifier to form a modified conjugated diene polymer. The modifier includes a polythiol ester compound, a polythiol alkane compound or a combination thereof, the polythiol ester compound has a chemical formula (I): Ra-(O—C(?O)Rb-SH)x??(I). The polythiol alkane compound has a chemical formula (II): HS—(CH2)m—(Rd)nCH2SH??(II).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Chi Mei Corporation
    Inventors: Kuei-Lun Cheng, Chih-Cheng Lee, Kuan-Lin Hsieh
  • Patent number: 8716409
    Abstract: A composition includes a baleable polymer resulting from the polymerization of at least one conjugated diene in the presence of an anionic initiator. The baleable polymer has carboxylate termination resulting from the addition of carbon dioxide to terminate the polymerization reaction. The polymer has Mooney ML1+4 viscosity of >35 and a solution viscosity of X, where X is >75 cP. The addition of an lonolizer to a composition that includes the polymer reduces the solution viscosity of the polymer from X to Y where Y meets the following formula: 0.4X?Y?0.58X. The baleable polymer is blended with impact-modified plastics resulting in improved izod values and optical qualities. Processes for making and utilizing the polymer composition, and ionolizer are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Firestone Polymers, LLC
    Inventor: Mark N. DeDecker
  • Publication number: 20140093728
    Abstract: A carbon nanostructure that is free of a growth substrate can include a plurality of carbon nanotubes that are branched, crosslinked, and share common walls with one another. The carbon nanostructure can be released from a growth substrate in the form of a flake material. Optionally, the carbon nanotubes of the carbon nanostructure can be coated, such as with a polymer, or a filler material can be present within the porosity of the carbon nanostructure. Methods for forming a carbon nanostructure that is free of a growth substrate can include providing a carbon nanostructure adhered to a growth substrate, and removing the carbon nanostructure from the growth substrate to form a carbon nanostructure that is free of the growth substrate. Various techniques can be used to affect removal of the carbon nanostructure from the growth substrate. Isolation of the carbon nanostructure can further employ various wet and/or dry separation techniques.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: Applied Nanostructured Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Tushar K. SHAH, Harry Charles Malecki, Rajneeta Rachel Basantkumar, Han Liu, Corey Adam Fleischer, Joseph J. Sedlak, Jigar M. Patel, William Patrick Burgess, Jess Michael Goldfinger
  • Patent number: 8674030
    Abstract: A modified conjugated diene polymer and a manufacturing method for the same are provided. The modified conjugated diene polymer is manufactured by the method including, forming a conjugated diene polymer by a polymerization step and making it react with a first modifier and then react with a second modifier. The modified conjugated diene polymer has over 97% of cis-1,4 structure. A PDI of the modified conjugated diene polymer is bigger than 1.8 and smaller than 2.5. The first modifier has a chemical formula of X—R1-Si(R2)3. The second modifier has a chemical formula of R3-Si(R4)3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Chi Mei Corporation
    Inventors: Chih-Cheng Lee, Kuei-Lun Cheng
  • Patent number: 8674029
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to a process for preparing stabilized polymeric systems with excellent light, thermal and oxidation stability using an active, peroxide containing polymer oxidizing agents, amine-containing reducing agents, and/or nano-additives, and the polymer articles made therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Sunocs LLC
    Inventor: Chengqian Song
  • Patent number: 8669339
    Abstract: Disclosed are a polybutadiene having a controlled microstructure, a narrow molecular weight distribution, minimal gel content, and a low APHA color, a modified polybutadiene, producing methods for both, and a rubber-reinforced styrene resin composition using the same. The polybutadiene of the present invention is characterized in that the ratio (Tcp/ML1+4) of a 5% toluene melting viscosity (Tcp) measured at 25° C. and the Mooney viscosity (ML1+4) at 100° C. is 2.0 or higher, the molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn) is 2.80 or less, the gel content is 0.06 wt % or less, and the APHA color is 20 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Ube Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuyoshi Okabe, Yuuji Matsudaira, Chaiyaket Vichuta, Toshiyuki Sakaguchi
  • Patent number: 8664340
    Abstract: An improved polymerization and work-up process makes it possible to produce specific nitrile rubbers which have a particular ion index which is responsible for an excellent vulcanization rate and leads to vulcanizates having an advantageous property profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: LANXESS Deutschland GmbH
    Inventor: Werner Obrecht