Mixed With Carboxylic Acid Or Derivative Reactant Or Polymer Therefrom Patents (Class 525/519)
  • Patent number: 8748556
    Abstract: A method of preparation for Self-supporting dynamic polymer membranes (called “dynamer” membranes) of the polyimine type is provided along with their use in separation processes, especially for separating gaseous species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Gihane Nasr, Mihail-Dumitru Barboiu, Christophe Charmette, José Gregorio Sanchez Marcano
  • Patent number: 8686090
    Abstract: The thermosetting, non-polymeric coating composition includes at least one monomeric material having a plurality of carbamate and/or urea groups, at least one crosslinker reactive with the at least one monomeric material, and a sag control agent that is a crystalline reaction product of an amine and an isocyanate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: BASF Coatings GmbH
    Inventors: Marvin L. Green, Swaminathan Ramesh, Walter H. Ohrbom
  • Publication number: 20130303705
    Abstract: Novel, crosslinked polymers using biomass derived materials, such as aldaric acids and derivatives, are provided. The polymers can be used as hydrogels and in antimicrobial compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 16, 2013
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Inventors: MARK ALLEN ANDREWS, Garret D. Figuly, Henry Keith Chenault
  • Patent number: 8415437
    Abstract: The present invention relates to melamine-formaldehyde resins bearing (meth)acrylic groups, to processes for preparing them, to their use, and to coating compositions comprising them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Reinhold Schwalm, Christine Roesch
  • Publication number: 20120024786
    Abstract: “A method of preparation for polyimine self-supported dynamic polymeric membranes (called “dynameric” membranes) is provided along with their use in separation processes, especially for separating gaseous species.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Inventors: Gihane Nasr, Mihail-Dumitru Barboiu, Chrístophe Charmette, José Gregorio Sanchez Marcano
  • Patent number: 7842756
    Abstract: A copolymer and a process of making the copolymer are disclosed. The copolymer is produced from reacting a glycidyl ester and/or ether with a polyol comprising a functionality of at least 2 wherein at least 50% by weight of the copolymer comprises a minimum of 3n+X repeating units, wherein n is a monomer unit and X is a monomer unit and/or other reactant. The copolymer may also include less than 50% of the polymeric units having the same molecular weight. The present invention is further directed to processes for preparing the copolymer and to coating compositions employing the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2010
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan T. Martz, Erick B. Iezzi
  • Patent number: 7759436
    Abstract: Film-forming materials include nonionic metal coordinating structures. Nonionic metal coordinating structures can coordinate metals, such as metal catalysts and metal substrates. Example film-forming materials can be the product of a poly-functional epoxide and a nucleophilic ligand having a nonionic metal coordinating structure, or the product of a poly-functional alcohol and an electrophilic ligand having a nonionic metal coordinating structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2010
    Assignee: BASF Coatings GmbH
    Inventors: Timothy S. December, Sergio Gonzalez, Günther Ott, Karl-Heinz Grosse-Brinkhaus
  • Publication number: 20090306309
    Abstract: A process for producing a polyphenylene sulfide resin composition includes melt-kneading about 99 to about 60 wt % of a polyphenylene sulfide resin (a) and about 1 to about 40 wt % of a polyamide resin (b), and about 0.1 to 10 parts by weight of a compatibilizing agent (c) per 100 parts by weight in total of the polyphenylene sulfide resin (a) and the polyamide resin (b), using a double screw extruder with two or more kneading portions at a temperature of the range from a melting peak temperature of the polyphenylene sulfide resin+10° C. to a melting peak temperature of the polyphenylene sulfide resin+70° C., wherein the polyamide resin (b) is excluded nylon 46 and has a relative viscosity of 1.5 or more measuring in concentrated sulfuric acid at a concentration of 1% and at 25° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 18, 2009
    Publication date: December 10, 2009
    Applicant: TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: Atsushi Ishio, Kei Saitoh, Sadayuki Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 7514478
    Abstract: Powder coating binders having a glass temperature of ?35° C. containing at least one polymer and one or more radiation-curing reactive thinners, a process for the production of these powder coating binders and their use as a component of powder coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2009
    Assignee: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Thomas Fäcke, Jan Weikard, Peter Thometzek
  • Publication number: 20080262144
    Abstract: The invention relates to aqueous, radiation-curable resins, to a process for preparing them, and to their use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2003
    Publication date: October 23, 2008
    Applicant: DEGUSSA GMBH
    Inventors: Patrick Glockner, Lutz Mindach
  • Patent number: 7425594
    Abstract: A copolymer and a process of making the copolymer are disclosed. The copolymer is produced from reacting a glycidyl ester and/or ether with a polyol comprising a functionality of at least 2 wherein at least 50% by weight of the copolymer comprises a minimum of 3n+X repeating units, wherein n is a monomer unit and X is a monomer unit and/or other reactant. The copolymer may also include less than 50% of the polymeric units having the same molecular weight. The present invention is further directed to processes for preparing the copolymer and to coating compositions employing the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2008
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan T. Martz, Stephen J. Thomas
  • Patent number: 7125606
    Abstract: A crosslinking agent that is an ungelled reaction product of (a) an aminoplast resin and (b) a carboxylic acid-containing compound wherein the crosslinking agent is essentially free of reactive carboxylic acid groups and has a glass transition temperature of at least 10° C. is disclosed. Methods for preparing crosslinking agents are also disclosed. Further provided is a curable powder coating composition including a polymer having a glass transition temperature of at least 30° C. containing reactive functional groups and the present crosslinking agent; a multilayer composite coating composition and substrates coated therewith are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2006
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Shengkui Hu, Anthony M. Chasser, Jackie L. Kulfan
  • Patent number: 7030263
    Abstract: A method of preparing a carbamate or urea-functional compound is described comprising the step of reacting a lactone or hydroxy carboxylic acid with a compound (A) comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to a carbamate or urea group, and an active hydrogen group capable of reacting with the hydroxy carboxylic acid or in a ring-opening reaction with a lactone. The compound thus prepared is useful in curable compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2006
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Brian D. Bammel, John D. McGee, Walter H. Ohrbom, Todd A. Seaver, Gregory G. Menovcik, Paul J. Harris, John W. Rehfuss
  • Patent number: 6979719
    Abstract: The invention pertains to a coating composition comprising a compound comprising at least one bicyclo-orthoester group and at least one other functional group. The invention also comprises a process for curing the present coating composition. Further, a process for making a bicyclo-orthoester-functional compound from the corresponding oxetane compound is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2005
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Klaus Hobel, Huig Klinkenberg, Arie Noomen
  • Patent number: 6881492
    Abstract: A composition suitable for forming a primer layer on a polymer sheet comprising: a) polyethyleneimine; b) latex; wherein the latex has a Tg lower than 25° C. and c) a hydrophilic colloid material. A method of coating the composition is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2005
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Yuanqiao Rao, DeBasis Majumdar, Robert J. Kress, David E. Decker
  • Patent number: 6770329
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for producing single-coat or multicoat clearcoat finishes on primed or unprimed substrates by applying at least one powder coating dispersion, in particular a powder clearcoat slurry, to the substrate and then curing the resulting film(s) thermally and/or with actinic radiation, in which oxalic acid is added to at least one powder coating dispersion, in particular to a powder clearcoat slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: BASF Coatings AG
    Inventors: Günther Ott, Joachim Woltering, Wilfried Stübbe, Ulrike Röckrath, Maximilian Bendix, Ulrich Kalck, Jan Berg, Götz-Ekkehard Sapper
  • Patent number: 6713182
    Abstract: Provided is a crosslinking agent which is the ungelled reaction product of a polyester polyol and an aminotriazine compound having one or less non-alkylated NH bond per triazine ring. The polyester polyol is the reaction product of a cycloaliphatic polyol and a cyclic polycarboxylic acid or anhydride. The crosslinking agent is essentially free of hydroxyl functionality and has a glass transition temperature of at least 10° C. Further provided is a powder coating composition including a solid particulate film-forming mixture of a polymer containing reactive functional groups and having a Tg of at least 30° C., and the crosslinking agent. Additionally provided is a multi-layer composite coating composition having a basecoat layer deposited from a basecoat film-forming composition and a topcoat over the basecoat deposited from the previously described powder coating composition. Coated substrates are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2004
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald R. Ambrose, Anthony M. Chasser, Shengkui Hu, Jackie L. Smith
  • Patent number: 6680358
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a new liquid, storage-stable coating composition, which is suitable for the production of coatings which have an outstanding resistance to external weathering, and binders thereof which are composed of a hardener component comprising an aminoplast resin and/or a blocked polyisocyanate and a specific polyol component of selected units, and to its use for the production of weathering-resistant coatings on any desired heat-resistant substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2004
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Christian Wamprecht, Christian Füssel, Karl-Ludwig Noble
  • Patent number: 6653411
    Abstract: Improved anti-reflective coating compositions for use in integrated circuit manufacturing processes and methods of forming these compositions are provided. Broadly, the compositions are formed by heating a solution comprising a compound including specific compounds (e.g., alkoxy alkyl melamines, alkoxy alkyl benzoguanamines) under acidic conditions so as to polymerize the compounds and form polymers having an average molecular weight of at least about 1,000 Daltons. The monomers of the resulting polymers are joined to one another via linkage groups (e.g., —CH2—, —CH2—O—CH2—) which are bonded to nitrogen atoms on the respective monomers. The polymerized compound is mixed with a solvent and applied to a substrate surface after which it is baked to form an anti-reflective layer. The resulting layer has high k values and can be formulated for both conformal and planar applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2003
    Assignee: Brewer Science, Inc.
    Inventors: Rama Puligadda, Runhui Huang
  • Patent number: 6646095
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of copolymers of formaldehyde and diphenyl oxide and a carboxylic acid uses and acid with a pKa in the range of 1.2 to 3 as the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2003
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: Kelly J. Seheult, Shane M. Carter, Lawrence J. Scotchie
  • Patent number: 6624249
    Abstract: A crosslinking agent which is an ungelled reaction product of (a) at least one aminoplast resin, (b) at least one polyfunctional polymer having functional groups reactive with aminoplast resin (a) and having a glass transition temperature of at least 15° C.; and (c) at least one compound different from (b) having active hydrogen groups reactive with aminoplast resin (a) is provided. Also provided is a method for preparing the crosslinking agent. Further provided is a powder coating composition which includes the crosslinking agent. Additionally provided is a multi-layer composite coating composition having a base coat layer and a top coat over the base coat deposited from the previously described powder coating composition. Coated substrates are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald R. Ambrose, Anthony M. Chasser, Shengkui Hu, Jackie L. Smith
  • Patent number: 6613847
    Abstract: A liquid crystalline polyesters or poly(ester-amides) having improved melt viscosity, is made by reacting the polymer with limited amounts of a compound containing specified functionality, such as hydroxyl, carboxyl, or amine. The process may be carried out in a typical polymer melt mixing apparatus such as an extruder. The low viscosity polymer product of the claimed invention has surprising toughness and is particularly useful for encapsulation of electronic components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours
    Inventor: Richard Robert Soelch
  • Patent number: 6512069
    Abstract: Disclosed is a carbamate-functional acrylic polymer having an epsilon-caprolactone moiety beta to a carbamate group and a coating composition containing the acrylic polymer of the invention. The coating composition is particularly useful as a refinish coating and in refinish coating methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2003
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H. Ohrbom, John C. Goan, Lawrence E. Thieben
  • Patent number: 6423788
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising (A) a carbamate- or urea-functional compound that is the reaction product of a mixture comprising (1) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to carbamate or urea, and a hydroxyl functional group that is the reaction product of (a) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to a carbamate or urea group, and an active hydrogen group that is reactive with a lactone ring or a hydroxy carboxylic acid, and (b) a lactone or a hydroxy carboxylic acid, and (2) a compound that is reactive with hydroxyl groups on a plurality of molecules of compound (A)(1), but that is not reactive with the carbamate or urea groups on compound (A)(1), (B) a compound comprising a plurality of groups that are reactive with carbamate or urea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2002
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Brian D. Bammel, John D. McGee, Walter H. Ohrbom, Todd A. Seaver, Paul J. Harris, John W. Rehfuss
  • Patent number: 6369183
    Abstract: A composition of matter, comprising: a chemically functionalized carboxylate-alumoxane that is functionalized with a chemically reactive substituent, and a reactive compound, wherein the chemically reactive substituent reacts with the reactive compound so as to link the carboxylate-alumoxane to the reactive compound and form a polymer matrix. The functional groups on the carboxylate-alumoxane can vary depending on the desired properties of the matrix. Also, the composition of matter may comprise a cross-linked matrix in which the cross-linked components consist of functionalized alumoxanes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Wm. Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Ronald Lee Cook, Andrew Ross Barron, Kevin Joseph Gleason, David Brent MacQueen, Georgette Laila Siparsky, Yoshihiro Koide, Cullen Taylor Vogelson
  • Patent number: 6291073
    Abstract: The present invention provides a curable coating composition that includes at least three components. The coating composition includes a component (a) having at least one carbamate group or urea group and having a lactone or hydroxy carboxylic acid moiety. The second component (b) of the coating composition is the reaction product of a polyol having at least one branch point, i.e., carbon bonded to at least three other carbons, with a lactone or hydroxy carboxylic acid. The third component of the coating composition is a curing agent that is reactive with the first two components. Preparation of coated articles using the compositions of the invention is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2001
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H Ohrbom, Paul J. Harris
  • Patent number: 6277497
    Abstract: A high solids coating composition comprising a branched hydroxy-functional polyester oligomer and a curing agent; and the oligomer itself containing at least 20% by weight of the binder of at least one of the following tertiary acid ester end groups: where R1, R2 and R3 are independently selected from CH3 and CH2OH; the composition being suitable as an automobile clearcoat or pigmented topcoat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Armand Aerts, Anne Demarre, Jozef Huybrechts, G. Todd Palmer
  • Patent number: 6258898
    Abstract: A crosslinking agent comprising one or more carbamate groups or groups convertible to carbamate and two or more polyfunctional amino moieties having the formula wherein L is selected from the group consisting of alkyl or aryl, cycloalkyl and alkylaryl having a carbon chain length between 1 and 6 carbon atoms and N is a polyfunctional amino moiety. L may also have additional bridging groups such as esters, ethers, ureas, or urethanes groups. Also included is a method of making the crosslinker, a coating composition containing the crosslinker and a method for coating a substrate with the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: John W. Rehfuss, Walter H. Ohrbom, Donald L. St. Aubin
  • Patent number: 6217994
    Abstract: This invention provides a paint composition which comprises a film-forming resin component comprising from 65 to 95 parts by weight of a hydroxyl-containing polyester resin (A) having a number average molecular weight of from 1,500 to 35,000, a glass transition temperature of from −30° C. to 60° C. and a hydroxyl value of from 3 to 100 mg KOH/g; and 5-35 parts by weight of a melamine resin crosslinking agent (B) which is a methylolated melamine resin whose methylol groups are alkyl etherified, at least 20% of the total number of methylol groups therein having been etherified with a C6-C12 alkyl group; and (C) 0.1 to 2.0 parts by weight, per 100 parts by weight of the total resin component, of a curing catalyst. The paint composition excels in popping resistance, and can form paint film of favorable hardness, formability, curability (solvent resistance) and adhesion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2001
    Assignee: Kansai Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shoichi Tanaka
  • Patent number: 6200683
    Abstract: The invention pertains to compositions which can be coated onto substrates. These compositions include a combination of a resin blend comprising a first polyester resin and a second polyester resin, wherein the first polyester is different from the second polyester, an aminoplast crosslinking resin, an acid catalyst, and a urea-aldehyde resin. Films prepared from coating compositions made in accordance with the present invention having improved stain resistance. In many instances, films prepared from coating compositions made in accordance with the present invention not only have improved stain resistance, but also have low temperature flexibility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2001
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert A. Montague, W. Scott Huffman, Jamel S. Richardson, Padmanabhan Sundararaman
  • Patent number: 6114434
    Abstract: Resins AB which are dilutable in water following neutralization and have an acid number of from 25 to 160 mg/g, obtainable by reacting mass fractions, based in each case on the sum of the masses of the solids in the reaction mixture, of A from 30 to 90% of at least one acid-functional polymer selected from polyesters, dimerized and oligomerized unsaturated aliphatic carboxylic acids and polymers of olefinically unsaturated monomers, each having an acid number of from 30 to 240 mg/g, and B from 10 to 70% of at least one water-insoluble aldehyde resin or ketone resin obtainable by condensing ketones, ketones together with aldehydes, ketones with urea or aldehydes with urea, having a hydroxyl number from 20 to 300 mg/g, a softening point of from 60 to 140.degree. C. and a number-average molar mass of from 500 to 3000 g/mol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Vianova Resins AG
    Inventors: Peter Tuemmler, Gerald Hobisch, Hellmuth Kasch
  • Patent number: 6103826
    Abstract: Clearcoat compositions using a phenolic ester compound are described. The phenolic ester compound is selected from the group consisting of a phenolic ester alcohol, a phenolic urethane, a phenolic blocked isocyanate, and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Eastern Michigan University
    Inventors: Frank N. Jones, Vijay Swarup, Albert I. Yezrielev, Ramachandran P. Subrayan
  • Patent number: 6040009
    Abstract: The present invention is to provide a low solvent content type-coating composition by which the resultant coatings with good scuff resistance or water resistance as well as good chipping resistance are produced, while the content of an organic solvent to be used can be much reduced. The low solvent content type-coating composition comprises a polyester oligomer having a hydroxyl group in an amount of 2.0 to 10.0 moles/Kg-resin, a number average molecular weight (Mn) of 300 to 1500, a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of 300 to 3000, and a ratio of a weight average molecular weight/a number average molecular weight (Mw/Mn) of 1 to 2.0, an amount of a modifying lactone being 31 to 85%, and an aliphatic hydrocarbon group of C4-22 which is not derived from lactones. The present invention is also to provide a process for coating a low solvent content type-coating composition on, for example, a base coating composition by a wet-on-wet coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: Mazda Motor Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Marutani, Takashi Tomita, Tadamitsu Nakahama, Hiroyuki Uemura, Kazuhi Koga, Mika Ohsawa
  • Patent number: 5976615
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising a carbamate functional material and a crosslinking agent, reactive with the carbamate group. The composition further comprises a third component that is a mixture of catalysts including a phosphorus containing acid or acid derivative and other acid catalysts. Coatings prepared with this coating composition can be cured and coated with additional coating(s), providing good intercoat adhesion to the subsequent coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1999
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory G. Menovcik, John G. Partyka, Aimee R. Barach, Sanjay Mehta
  • Patent number: 5973072
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a polymeric vehicle, the formulated coating composition and a coating binder made from the polymeric vehicle and a method for making the polymeric vehicle where the polymeric vehicle includes a phenolic urethane reactive diluent. The phenolic urethane reactive diluent may be made from a phenolic ester alcohol having at least one aliphatic hydroxyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank N. Jones, Vijay Swarup, Ramachandran P. Subrayan, Suru Zhang
  • Patent number: 5962582
    Abstract: Hydrophilic, hydrolytically-stable synthetic resins obtainable by reacting a hydroxyl-functional synthetic resin such as a ketone, ketone/aldehyde and/or urea/aldehyde and/or a hydrogenated product of the hydroxyl-functional synthetic resin thereof with a polycarboxylic acid, polycarboxylic anhydride, polycarboxylic ester and/or polycarbonyl halide, where 70-100 mol % of the polycarboxylic acid and/or derivatives is linked chemically via an ester linkage to the hydroxyl-functional synthetic resin by way of only one single function and 0-30 mol % of the acid and/or acid derivative is so linked by way of more than one function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Huels Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Hartwig Lange
  • Patent number: 5962603
    Abstract: An aqueous composition containing an acid-hardenable melamine-formaldehyde resin and a nitrogen-containing acidic phosphorus curing agent made from either phosphoric acid or phosphorous acid which is curable to an intumescent composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Resins, Inc.
    Inventors: Shahid P. Qureshi, David A. Hutchings
  • Patent number: 5827930
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising(A) a carbamate- or urea-functional compound that is the reaction product of(1) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to carbamate or urea, and a hydroxyl functional group that is the reaction product of(a) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to a carbamate or urea group, and an active hydrogen group that is reactive with a lactone or a hydroxy carboxylic acid, and(b) a lactone or hydroxy carboxylic acid, and(2) a component that is reactive with compound (A)(1) to convert a hydroxyl group on compound (A)(1) to a carbamate group, or a component comprising a group that is reactive with a hydroxyl group on compound (A)(1) and a carbamate or urea group or group that can be converted to carbamate or urea,(B) a compound comprising a plurality of groups that are reactive with carbamate or urea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H. Ohrbom, Brian D. Bammel, John D. McGee, Todd A. Seaver, Gregory G. Menovcik, Paul J. Harris, John W. Rehfuss
  • Patent number: 5792810
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising(A) a compound comprising carbamate or urea and hydroxyl functional groups that is the reaction product of(1) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to a carbamate or urea group, and an active hydrogen group that is reactive with a lactone or a hydroxy carboxylic acid, and(2) a lactone or a hydroxy carboxylic acid,(B) a compound comprising at least one group that is reactive with carbamate and at least one group that is reactive with hydroxyl, or a plurality of groups that are reactive with both carbamate and hydroxyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 11, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory G. Menovcik, John D. McGee, Walter H. Ohrbom, Brian D. Bammel, Todd A. Seaver, John W. Rehfuss
  • Patent number: 5777048
    Abstract: A method for reducing the molecular weight of aminoplast compounds, the aminoplast compounds obtained thereby, and coating compositions containing said aminoplast compounds are provided. The reduced molecular weight aminoplasts are obtained by reacting(a) an aminoplast compound, having a total number (y) of reactive substituents on the amino nitrogens of the aminoplast, where y=(E.times.M) and E=equivalents per mole of aminoplast and M=total number of moles of aminoplast, wherein the reactive substituents are selected from the group consisting of --NH, alkylol, alkoxy, alkoxyalkyl, and mixtures thereof and(b) at least one carbamate compound selected from the group consisting of unsubstituted and substituted primary carbamate compounds, unsubstituted and substituted secondary carbamate compounds and mixtures thereof,in the presence of primary or secondary alcohols, at temperatures under 150.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H. Ohrbom, Donald H. Campbell, Donald L. St. Aubin
  • Patent number: 5760127
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising(A) a carbamate- or urea-functional compound that is the reaction product of a mixture comprising(1) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to carbamate or urea, and a hydroxyl functional group that is the reaction product of(a) a compound comprising a carbamate or urea group or a group that can be converted to a carbamate or urea group, and an active hydrogen group that is reactive with a lactone ring or a hydroxy carboxylic acid, and(b) a lactone or a hydroxy carboxylic acid, and(2) a compound that is reactive with hydroxyl groups on a plurality of molecules of compound (A)(1), but that is not reactive with the carbamate or urea groups on compound (A)(1),(B) a compound comprising a plurality of groups that are reactive with carbamate or urea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Brian D. Bammel, John D. McGee, Walter H. Ohrbom, Todd A. Seaver, Gregory G. Menovcik, Paul J. Harris, John W. Rehfuss
  • Patent number: 5756213
    Abstract: A curable coating composition is described comprising(A) a compound comprising a plurality of functional crosslinking groups, at least one of which is a carbamate or urea functional group, which compound also includes at least one carbonate group having the structure: ##STR1## and (B) a curing agent comprising a plurality of groups that are reactive with the functional groups on compound (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Walter H. Ohrbom, John W. Rehfuss, John D. McGee, Gregory G. Menovcik, Paul J. Harris
  • Patent number: 5681906
    Abstract: The present invention provides for amino-crosslinkable coating formulations based on a mixture of a di- or polyhydroxy functional polymeric component selected from the group consisting of diesters, polyesters, alkyd polymers, acrylic polymers and polycarbonate polymers, a crosslinking agent such as a methylol (alkoxymethyl) amino crosslinking agent, and a reactive additive which is the ester reaction product of a phenol carboxylic acid, preferably para-hydroxybenzoic acid, and an epoxy compound selected from glycidyl ethers, glycidyl esters, linear epoxies and aromatic epoxies. The crosslinkable compositions of this invention may be used to prepare curable coating and paint formulations, and also may contain other ingredients such as a crosslinking catalyst, fillers, pigments and the like. When cured, the coatings of this invention exhibit improved physical and chemical properties when compared with cured coatings which do not contain the ester reaction product additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Albert Ilya Yezrielev, Vijay Swarup, Konstantinos R. Rigopoulos
  • Patent number: 5670585
    Abstract: A process for preparing binder-coated fiber-glass products employs as a binder aqueous polymer systems comprising a nitrogenous formaldehyde resin such as a urea-extended alkaline phenol/formaldehyde resole together with an acidic polyacrylate which cocure to form a thermoset polymer while synergistically reducing ammonia emissions which normally occur during cure of the nitrogenous formaldehyde resin. The polymer system may be used in applications other than fiberglass where reduced emissions are desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Schuller International, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas J. Taylor, Paul Nedwick
  • Patent number: 5663233
    Abstract: A solvent based coating composition containing a binding agent, the binding agent comprising: (a) 10 to 80 wt.% of at least one hydroxyfunctional polyester formed by reacting a mixture comprising: (i) 10 to 40 mol.% of a 2,2-dialkylalkanediol with two primary OH groups; (ii) 10 to 30 mol.% of a polyol with at least one secondary OH group; (iii) 20 to 50 mol.% of an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic dicarboxylic acid with fewer than 16 C atoms or anhydrides thereof; (iv) 5 to 30 mol.% of a compound selected from the group consisting of dimeric fatty acids, dimeric diols, epsilon-caprolactone, and mixtures thereof; (v) 1 to 15 mol.% of a hydroxycarboxylic acid with at least one hydroxy group and at least one carboxyl group; and (b) 10 to 80 wt.% of a (meth)acrylic copolymer containing a hydroxyl group; and (c) 10 to 60 wt.% of a crosslinking agent; wherein the sum of the wt.% of components (a)-(c) is 100% of the binding agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Herberts Gesellschaft Mit Beschrankter Haftung
    Inventors: Klaus Bederke, Friedrich Herrmann, Hermann Kerber, Thomas Kutzner, Hans-Martin Schonrock
  • Patent number: 5602198
    Abstract: Acid etch resistant coating compositions and their use as clear coats in color-plus-clear composite coatings is disclosed. The compositions comprise acrylic polymers prepared with high levels of cycloaliphatic or aromatic ester of (meth)acrylic acid and hydroxypropyl- or hydroxybutyl(meth)acrylates and aminoplast crosslinking agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1997
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Suryya K. Das, Soner Kilic, Michael A. Mayo, Andrew J. Lauer
  • Patent number: 5599884
    Abstract: Amino resins that contain more free formaldehyde than is desirable for health and/or pollution reasons can be treated with a mixture of diketo reagents (or their nitrogen analogs) and other compounds containing amino moieties to reduce the free formaldehyde content while not diminishing, and in some cases even enhancing, the ability of the resins to function according to their normal uses. The invention is especially useful for melamine-formaldehyde resin dispersions useful to detackify paint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventor: Scott J. Beleck
  • Patent number: 5585438
    Abstract: Melamine thermoset resins with low formaldehyde volatiles display a remeltable solid phase, a liquid phase, and a cured solid phase. These resins are formulated from melamine, glycerol as a cross-linker, polyvinyl acetate homopolymer, and sucrose as a formaldehyde scavenger in an aqueous solvent. Optional ingredients for controlling the resin adhesive's crosslinking and/or curing rate include ethylene glycol, a pH buffering system such as citric acid/sodium diacetate, and an amine block sulfonic acid salt. The compositions are particularly useful as resins for coatings, saturations, and bonding of synthetic fibers into fabric mats, and display thermal stability and rigidity at temperatures ranging up to 370.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Inventor: Charles S. Esu
  • Patent number: 5580931
    Abstract: A method for property modification of bulk polymers, by initially treating a short chain monomeric organic acid, having a carboxylic group (with dissociation constant between 10.sup.-2 to 10.sup.-6 cm.sup.-1, and less than 8 carbons); with a Group IA, IIA or IIB metal, metal oxide, peroxide, hydroxide, or halogens, for forming a metal ligand or complex metal salt of the acid. The bulk polymers are mixed with the complex metal salts and free radicals are introduced into the mixture by means of oxidizing materials, to functionalize the bulk polymer with ionic polymerization sites. A copolymer formation is effected between the monomeric organic metal salt anion and the bulk polymer, as catalyzed by the metal cation, at such sites. The polymerization is a substantially non-cross linked ionic one resulting from the dissociation parameters and the short chain length of the complex metal salt, which is maintained prior to copolymer formation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Nathaniel H. Garfield
    Inventor: Juan E. Aguirre
  • Patent number: 5573828
    Abstract: The use of cyclamic acid as a catalyst for the curing of hydroxyl-functional resins having a functionality greater than 2 provides a wrinkle finish. The hydroxy-function may be present in polyesters, epoxies, and acrylate or methacrylate resins, among others. The polyester resins which are able to provide such a finish have a hot plate melt flow of from about 20 mm to about 150 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Morton International, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul R. Horinka, E. Susanne Deibert, Diane K. Pennington, Gerald T. Werner, Jr.