Non-metal Material Is Organic Sulfur-containing Compound Patents (Class 526/140)
  • Patent number: 10308739
    Abstract: The present invention provides a production method of polyvinyl chloride by suspension polymerization and a feeding apparatus. This method comprises: Step 1: injecting a vinyl chloride monomer and water at 25-98° C. into a reaction vessel to obtain a water suspension, closing the reaction kettle, repeatedly and cyclically performing vacuum-pumping and cleansing with nitrogen, stirring and evacuating oxygen in the reaction kettle; Step 2: adding a first suspension agent and a second suspension agent into the reaction kettle, and then adding a nanopowder and an initiator composite, to carry out the polymerization reaction; Step 3: adding cold water to terminate the polymerization reaction upon the pressure in the reaction kettle is reduced to 3.5 bar or less; Step 4: evacuating and vacuumizing the reaction kettle, and then filtering, washing and drying the resulted polymer, to obtain polyvinyl chloride. The present invention also provides a feeding apparatus used for the above production method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: Amos Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Yuhai Gao, Xianzhen Zhuo
  • Publication number: 20150031845
    Abstract: A method for producing a polydiene, the method comprising the steps of (i) forming an active catalyst by combining a lanthanide-containing compound, an alkylating agent, and a halogen source in the substantial absence of an organosulfide; and (ii) polymerizing conjugated diene monomer in the presence of the active catalyst and an organosulfide.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin M. McCauley, Zengquan Qin, Steven Luo
  • Patent number: 8802584
    Abstract: A supported catalyst system comprising a phosphinimine ligand containing catalyst on a porous inorganic support treated with a metal salt has improved reactor continuity in a dispersed phase reaction in terms of initial activation and subsequent deactivation. The resulting catalyst has a lower consumption of ethylene during initiation and a lower rate of deactivation. Preferably the catalyst is used with an antistatic agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Nova Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Lee Douglas Henderson, Peter Phung Minh Hoang, Ian Ronald Jobe, Xiaoliang Gao
  • Patent number: 8618229
    Abstract: The present invention discloses catalyst compositions employing transition metal complexes with a thiolate ligand. Methods for making these transition metal complexes and for using such compounds in catalyst compositions for the polymerization of olefins also are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: Mark L. Hlavinka
  • Patent number: 8541332
    Abstract: Disclosed is a catalyst for the polymerization of olefins comprising thienyl-substituted silanes, which comprises a solid titanium catalyst component containing titanium, magnesium and a halogen as the main components, an alkylaluminum compound, and a component of organosiloxane compound comprising two thienyl as substituents represented by general formula (I). The molar ratio of each catalyst component is 1:50-150:5-50 based on titanium:aluminum:silicon. When the catalyst is used in the polymerization of propylene, the polymerisate obtained has a very high degree of isotacticity, and the yield is high.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: PetroChina Company Limited
    Inventors: Zhifei Li, Kuilong Tan, Hao Wang, Jianjun Yi, Qinghong Xu, Weisong Cui, Wei Bai, Xinyuan Liu, Pu Xu, Wanqing Ju
  • Patent number: 8481658
    Abstract: A method for transitioning from a Ziegler-Natta to a Phillips catalyst system for the olefin polymerization reaction in one reactor, preferably a gas phase reactor, is described. The method comprises the steps of a) discontinuing a first olefin polymerization reaction performed in the presence of the Ziegler-Natta catalyst system; b) performing a second olefin polymerization reaction in the presence of a further catalyst system comprising catalyst components (A) and (B) producing, respectively, a first and a second polyolefin fraction, wherein the Mw of the first polyolefin fraction is less than the Mw of the second polyolefin fraction and the initial activity of catalyst component (A) exceeds the initial activity of catalyst component (B); and c) performing a third olefin polymerization reaction the presence of the Phillips catalyst system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Basell Polyolefine GmbH
    Inventors: Gerhardus Meier, Shahram Mihan
  • Patent number: 8298978
    Abstract: Single site reactor/catalyst continuity in a dispersed phase reaction in terms of initial activation and subsequent deactivation may be improved by treating the support with a metal salt. The activator and catalyst are then deposited on the treated support. The resulting catalyst has a lower consumption of ethylene during initiation and a lower rate of deactivation. Preferably the catalyst is used with an antistatic agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Nova Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Xiaoliang Gao, Billy Gaspar Santos, Peter Phung Minh Hoang, Amy Marie Jones, Benjamin Milton Shaw, Ian Ronald Jobe
  • Publication number: 20120259080
    Abstract: A supported catalyst system comprising a phosphinimine ligand containing catalyst on an alumina support treated with a metal salt has improved reactor continuity in a dispersed phase reaction in terms of initial activation and subsequent deactivation. The resulting catalyst has a lower consumption of ethylene during initiation and a lower rate of deactivation. Preferably the catalyst is used with an antistatic agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Applicant: NOVA CHEMICALS (INTERNATIONAL) S.A.
    Inventors: Lee Douglas Henderson, Peter Phung Minh Hoang, Ian Ronald Jobe, Xiaoliang Gao
  • Patent number: 7960484
    Abstract: Polymerization processes in a bulk loop reactor are described herein. In particular, a method of contacting a flow of metallocene with a flow of propylene is provided. This method includes directing the flow of metallocene towards a junction, directing the flow of propylene towards the junction and maintaining a portion of the flow of metallocene separate from a portion of the flow propylene within a portion of the junction downstream of the flow of propylene into the junction. In another embodiment, a method of introducing a quantity of antifouling agent into a catalyst mixing system is provided. In this embodiment a portion of the antifouling agent is introduced at or downstream of a point of contact of a stream of propylene with a stream of catalyst. The antifouling agent may be a member, alone or in combination with other members, selected from Stadis 450 Conductivity Improver, Synperonic antifouling agent, and Pluronic antifouling agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: Fina Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald Tharappel, Renaud Oreins, William Gauthier, David Attoe, Kevin McGovern, Michel Messiaen, David Rauscher, Kai Hortmann, Michel Daumerie
  • Publication number: 20110082230
    Abstract: A procedure for improved temperature control in controlled radical polymerization processes is disclosed. The procedure is directed at controlling the concentration of the persistent radical in ATRP and NMP polymerizations procedures and the concentration of radicals in a RAFT polymerization process by feeding a reducing agent or radical precursor continuously or intermittently to the reaction medium through one of more ports.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Publication date: April 7, 2011
    Inventors: Wojciech Jakubowski, James Spanswick
  • Patent number: 7534842
    Abstract: This invention relates to the field of olefin polymerization catalyst compositions, and methods for the polymerization and copolymerization of olefins, including polymerization methods using a catalyst composition. One aspect of this invention is the formation and use of a catalyst composition comprising a transition metal compound and an activator for olefin polymerization processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company, LP
    Inventors: Kumudini C. Jayaratne, Michael D. Jensen, Matthew G. Thorn, Max P. McDaniel, Qing Yang
  • Patent number: 7476715
    Abstract: The use of high activity “Single Site” polymerization catalysts often causes the fouling of polymerization reactors. The problem is particularly acute with gas phase polymerizations. While not wishing to be bound by theory it is believed that the fouling is initiated by the buildup of static charges in the reactor. The use of anti-static agents mitigates this problem, but typical antistatic agents contain polar species, which can deactivate the polymerization catalyst. We have now discovered that the use of a porous metal oxide support allows large levels of a selected antistatic agent to be used in a manner that reduces static/fouling problems in highly active polymerization catalysts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2009
    Assignees: Nova Chemicals(International) S.A., Ineos Europe Limited
    Inventors: Ian McKay, Dusan Jeremic, Paul Mesquita, Grant Berent Jacobsen, Sergio Mastroianni
  • Patent number: 7396901
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for preparing polymers having at least a thiol function, comprising pyrolysis of at least a polymer having at least a function of formula (I), wherein: R1, R2, R3 and R4 are such as defined in the description
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2008
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Zofia Agnieszka Wilczewska, Mathias Destarac, Hervé Adam, Samir Zard, Chakib Kalai, Gérard Mignani
  • Patent number: 7371802
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a solid catalyst component for the polymerization of olefins CH2?CHR in which R is hydrogen or a hydrocarbon radical with 1-12 carbon atoms, comprising Mg, Ti, halogen and an electron donor selected from thiophene dicarboxylate derivatives of a particular formula. Said catalyst components when used in the polymerization of olefins, and in particular of propylene, are capable to give polymers in high yields and with high isotactic index expressed in terms of high xylene insolubility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: Basell Poliolefine Italia s.r.l.
    Inventors: Yuri Gulevich, Giampiero Morini, Maria Fusto
  • Patent number: 7214744
    Abstract: A catalyst system comprising (i) a bulky ligand catalyst compound; and (ii) a novel borate activator is active for olefin polymerization. The novel borate contains at least one chelating (divalent) ligand and contains at least one fluorine atom. Preferred borate activators are provided as anilinium or carbonium salts. Highly preferred borate salts contain two perfluorinated alkoxy chelating ligands. The catalyst system may be used to produce polyethylene for “end use” applications such as polyethylene film and molded polyethylene goods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: Nova Chemicals (International) S.A.
    Inventors: Xiaoliang Gao, Isam Jaber
  • Patent number: 7205363
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for the polymerization of olefins using an antistatic agent. In particular, the invention relates to a polymerization process to produce propylene polymers using a supported metallocene catalyst system and an antistatic agent. The antistatic agent may also be contacted with a scavenger prior to polymerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2007
    Assignee: Exxon Mobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Randell Wayne Dickey, Jennifer Harting Ward, Thomas Craig Wilson
  • Patent number: 7148297
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for controlling the architecture of copolymers of at least two unsaturated monomers, made by free-radical polymerization in the presence of a cobalt-containing chain transfer agent, including the control of molecular weight, degree of branching and vinyl end group termination, by varying at least one of the variables of molar ratio of monomers, their relative chain transfer constants, polymerization temperature and degree of conversion and amount of cobalt chain transfer agent; and polymers made thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignees: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Graeme Moad, Ezio Rizzardo, Catherine Moad, Steven Dale Ittel, Lech Wilczek, Alexei A Gridnev
  • Patent number: 7109276
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for preparing a polymer, comprising a step which consists in contacting: (A) at least a living organic polymer having at its chain end a dithiocarbonylated or dithiophosphorylated function capable of being reactivated; (B) at least a source of free radicals; and (C) at least an organic compound bearing a labile hydrogen atom, whereby the dithiocarbonylated or dithiophosphorylated function present on said living organic polymer is substituted by a hydrogen atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Rhodia Chimie
    Inventors: Zofia Agnieszka Wilczewska, Mathias Destarac, Samir Zard, Chakib Kalai, Gérard Mignani, Hervé Adam
  • Patent number: 6969747
    Abstract: An olefin polymerization titanium catalyst. It comprises a titanium compound and an organoaluminium compound cocatalyst supported on a soluble polysulfone comprising free reactive sulfone groups. The molar ratio of titanium of aluminum is 1–10:200 and the weight ratio of titanium to polysulfone is 0.01–0.1:0.3–2.5. The process for preparing the catalyst comprises preparing a supported titanium compound by contacting a solution of a polysulfone in a halogenated or polar solvent with a titanium compound or a solution thereof in a halogenated or polar solvent in an inert atmosphere at a temperature between 10° C. and the boiling point of the solvent such that the weight ratio of titanium to polysulfone is 0.01–0.1:0.3–2.5. The supported titanium compound is mixed with an organoaluminium cocatalyst such that the molar ratio of titanium to aluminum is 1–10:200.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: Reliance Industries Limited
    Inventors: Sumit Bhaduri, Virendra Kumar Gupta
  • Patent number: 6951831
    Abstract: A catalyst composition for use in dimerizing, co-dimerizing or oligomerizing olefins comprises: at least one zero-valent nickel complex; at least one acid with formula H+X? in which X? represents an anion; and at least one ionic liquid with general formula Q+ A? in which A? is an anion identical to or different from X?. The composition can also comprise a nitrogen-containing ligand. It can be used in dimerizing, co-dimerizing, oligomerizing and in polymerizing olefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2005
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Vincent Lecocq, Hélène Olivier-Bourbigou
  • Patent number: 6911507
    Abstract: A cyclic olefin having a specific polar group is polymerized by addition polymerization in a hydrocarbon solvent, using a polymerization catalyst component containing (i) a specific transition metal compound, (ii) a Lewis acid compound and (iii) an alkyl aluminoxane, or the cyclic olefin is polymerized by addition polymerization in the hydrocarbon solvent, using the polymerization catalyst component, by further adding at least one aromatic vinyl compound and at least one cyclic nonconjugated polyene compound, or either one of them as a molecular weight modifier, thereby obtaining a cyclic olefinic addition polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2005
    Assignee: JSR Corporation
    Inventors: Kenzo Ohkita, Noboru Oshima, Takashi Imamura, Takashi Tsubouchi
  • Patent number: 6794467
    Abstract: The invention discloses a process for the preparation of polymeric absorbents useful for gelling organic liquids. The process comprises mixing one or more monomers with a cross-linking agent, a free radical initiator, an optional solvent, optionally in the presence of a transition metal source and subjecting the mixture so obtained to a conventional polymerisation method. The polymer is removed, crushed to obtain polymer powder, washed with solvent and dried by conventional methods to remove unreacted monomers, followed by swelling in alcohols to obtain the desired product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
    Inventors: Ashish Kishor Lele, Shyni Varghese, Manohar Virupax Badiger, Raghunath Anant Mashelkar
  • Publication number: 20040122193
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for preparing a polymer, comprising a step which consists in contacting: (A) at least a living organic polymer having at its chain end a dithiocarbonylated or dithiophosphorylated function capable of being reactivated; (B) at least a source of free radicals; and (C) at least an organic compound bearing a labile hydrogen atom, whereby the dithiocarbonylated or dithiophosphorylated function present on said living organic polymer is substituted by a hydrogen atom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2003
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Inventors: Zofia Agnieszka Wilczewska, Mathias Destarac, Samir Zard, Chakib Kalai, Gerad Mignani, Herve Adam
  • Patent number: 6639028
    Abstract: A process for the gas-phase (co-)polymerization of olefins in a fluidized bed reactor using a chromium oxide catalyst. The polymerization is performed in the presence of a process aid additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Assignee: BP Chemicals Limited
    Inventors: David Heslop, Jean-Pierre Isnard, Myung-Je Shin
  • Patent number: 6624263
    Abstract: A new polymerization process (atom transfer radical polymerization, or ATRP) based on a redox reaction between a transition metal (e.g., Cu(I)/Cu(II), provides “living” or controlled radical polymerization of styrene, (meth)acrylates, and other radically polymerizable monomers. Using various simple organic halides as model halogen atom transfer precursors (initiators) and transition metal complexes as a model halogen atom transfer promoters (catalysts), a “living” radical polymerization affords (co)polymers having the predetermined number average molecular weight by &Dgr;[M]/[I]0 (up to Mn>105) and a surprisingly narrow molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn), as low as 1.15. The participation of free radical intermediates in ATRP is supported by end-group analysis and stereochemistry of the polymerization. In addition, polymers with various topologies (e.g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignee: Carnegie Mellon University
    Inventors: Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Jin-Shan Wang
  • Patent number: 6624261
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for controlling the architecture of copolymers of at least two unsaturated monomers, made by free-radical polymerization in the presence of a cobalt-containing chain transfer agent, including the control of molecular weight, degree of branching and vinyl end group termination, by varying at least one of the variables of molar ratio of monomers, their relative chain transfer constants, polymerization temperature and degree of conversion and amount of cobalt chain transfer agent; and polymers made thereby.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2003
    Assignees: E. I. du Pont Nemours and Company, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
    Inventors: Graeme Moad, Ezio Rizzardo, Catherine Louise Moad, Steven Dale Ittel, Lech Wilczek, Alexei A. Gridnev
  • Patent number: 6608152
    Abstract: A novel process for the polymerization of olefins is provided. The process involves contacting at least one olefin with a Ziegler-Natta type catalyst in the presence of a specified compound that results in the production of polymeric products having a narrower molecular weight distribution. Also provide is a process for narrowing the molecular weight distribution of a polyolefin comprising contacting an olefin, a Ziegler-Natta catalyst and a compound specified herein. Further provided are novel polyethylenes, and films and articles produced therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Randal Ray Ford, Richard Kingsley Stuart, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6559250
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of homo- or co-polymerization of &agr;-olefin by means of using a catalyst system which comprises the following components: (1) a solid complex titanium catalyst produced by means of a production method comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a magnesium compound solution by dissolving a magnesium halide compound and a compound of Group IIIA of the Periodical Table in a solvent of mixture of cyclic ester, one or more types of alcohol, a phosphorus compound, and an organic silane; (b) precipitating the solid particles by reacting said magnesium compound solution with a transitional metal compound, a silicon compound, a tin compound, or the mixture thereof; and (c) reacting said precipitated solid particles with a titanium compound and electron donors; (2) an organometallic compound of metal of Group IIIA of the Periodical Table; and (3) external electron donors comprising three or more types of organo-silicon compounds, wherein the melt flow rates of the homopoly
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: Samsung General Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ki-Su Ro, Il-Seop Kim, Chun-Byung Yang, Moon-Young Shin
  • Patent number: 6518444
    Abstract: A method to synthesize a Group 15 containing metal polymerization catalyst is disclosed. The method includes an efficient high temperature synthesis of Group 15 containing ligands, especially arylamine ligands, for use in preparing polymerization catalysts and catalyst systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Assignee: Univation Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: David H. McConville, Jaimes Sher
  • Patent number: 6410664
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to processes of polymerization of olefins and copolymerization of olefins and functionalized olefins in the presence of certain late transition metal bidentate salicylaldimine chelates represented by the formula: wherein each of the symbols R, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, L, M, A, X and z are defined within the specification herein below.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Cryovac, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald Albert Bansleben, Stefan K. Friedrich, Todd Ross Younkin, Robert Howard Grubbs, Chunming Wang, Robert Tan Li
  • Patent number: 6358877
    Abstract: Metal cyanide catalysts are complexed with organic sulfone or sulfoxide compounds. The catalysts are active alkylene oxide polymerization catalysts that tend to have short induction periods and moderate exotherms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Kendra L. Flagler, David E. Laycock
  • Publication number: 20020004566
    Abstract: A novel process for the polymerization of olefins is provided. The process involves contacting at least one olefin with at least one metallocene catalyst in the presence of a specified compound that results in the production of polymeric products having a narrower molecular weight distribution. Also provided is a process for narrowing the molecular weight distribution of a polyolefin comprising contacting an olefin, at least one metallocene catalyst and a compound specified herein. Further provided are novel polyolefins, and films and articles produced therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 22, 2001
    Publication date: January 10, 2002
    Inventors: Randal Ray Ford, Richard Kingsley Stuart
  • Patent number: 6310151
    Abstract: Conjugated diolefins, optionally in combination with other unsaturated compounds which may be copolymerized with the diolefins, are polymerized by performing the polymerization of the diolefins in the presence of catalysts based on cobalt compounds, organoaluminum compounds and modifiers in the presence of aromatic vinyl compounds at temperatures of −30° C. to +80° C. By means of the process according to the invention, it is possible straightforwardly to produce solutions of polydiolefins, such as polybutadiene, having different 1,2 unit contents in aromatic vinyl compounds, which solutions may then, for example, be further processed to yield ABS or HIPS.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2001
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Heike Windisch, Werner Obrecht, Gisbert Michels, Norbert Steinhauser
  • Patent number: 6231804
    Abstract: A high molecular weight polyethylene prepared by preliminary polymerization is added at the time of main polymerization of an olefin, for example, propylene, to prepare an olefin (co)polymer composition comprising the above high molecular weight polyethylene finely dispersed as fine particles in the polyolefin, such as polypropylene, and a cross-linked structure is formed in the olefin (co)polymer composition. This process can provide a modified olefin (co)polymer composition improved in the strength in a molten state in terms of melt tension or the like and in crystallization temperature and excellent in moldability such as high-speed producibility, and a molded modified olefin (co)polymer composition excellent in properties such as heat resistance and rigidity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2001
    Assignee: Chisso Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Yamauchi, Shingo Kikukawa, Jun Saito, Hitoshi Sato
  • Patent number: 6184316
    Abstract: A catalyst for the polymerization of vinylaromatic monomers, and particularly styrene, with a high yield and a high syndiotacticity index, comprises the product consisting of the following two components in contact with each other: A) an &eegr;5-cyclopentadienyl complex of titanium; B) an organo-oxygenated compound of aluminum; and contains a sufficient amount of at least one carboxylated product having the following general formula: R—COO—G  (I) wherein R—COO is a carboxylic group comprising the organic radical R having from 1 to 30 carbon atoms, and G represents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms or a metal atom, possibly substituted, linked to said carboxylic group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2001
    Assignee: Enichem S.p.A.
    Inventors: Francesco Masi, Riccardo PO′, Francesco Menconi, Giuseppe Conti, Francesco Ciardelli, Angelina Altomare, Federico Orsini, Roberto Santi, Nicoletta Cardi
  • Patent number: 6127497
    Abstract: The invention encompasses late transition metal catalyst systems and their use in polymerization processes, particularly in solution, 2-phase suspension and super-critical phase polymerization of ethylene-containing polymers. Preferred embodiments include the use of a late transition metal catalyst system comprising a Group 8, 9, 10, or 11 metal complex stabilized by a bidentate ligand structure for polymerization under elevated ethylene pressure, or concentration, conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2000
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Phillip T. Matsunaga, Jo Ann Marie Canich, George Alan Vaughan, David Edward Gindelberger, Rinaldo Soria Schiffino, Kevin Richard Squire, Rolf Bodo Temme
  • Patent number: 6004677
    Abstract: There is provided a process for producing polydienes, such as polybutadiene and polyisoprene, in a gas phase fluidized bed reactor using a pre-activated nickel catalyst which is highly active for cost effective production of these dienes in gas phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin Joseph Cann, Maria Angelica Apecetche, Minghui Zhang
  • Patent number: 5986026
    Abstract: Syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene is a thermoplastic resin which has double bonds attached in an alternating fashion to its polymeric backbone. Films, fibers and molded articles can be made utilizing syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene. It can also be blended into rubbers and cocured therewith. In such applications, sometimes it is beneficial for the syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene to have more than one melting point. This invention discloses a process for preparing syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene having at least two different melting points which comprises: polymerizing 1,3-butadiene monomer in an aqueous medium in the presence of (1) a catalyst composition which is made by reacting (a) at least one cobalt compound selected from the group consisting of (i) .beta.-diketone complexes of cobalt, (ii) .beta.-keto acid ester complexes of cobalt, (iii) cobalt salts of organic carboxylic acids having 6 to 15 carbon atoms and (iv) complexes of halogenated cobalt compounds of the formula CoX.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 16, 1999
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Tang Hong Wong, James Heber Cline
  • Patent number: 5883203
    Abstract: In gas phase polymerizations and copolymerizations of ethylene, reagents or cofeeds control the molecular weight, expressed as MI (wherein MI is measured according to ASTM D-1238 Condition E), of the resin product. Use of isopentane and electron donating compounds decrease MI; whereas, electron withdrawing compounds increase MI.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Mobil Oil Coporation
    Inventors: Subrahmanyam Cheruvu, Frederick Y. Lo, Shih-May Christine Ong
  • Patent number: 5879805
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of a 1,2-vinyl-polybutadiene with an adjustable amount of vinyl linkages in the microstructure of the polymer which comprises polymerizing 1,3-butadiene in a gas phase reactor under polymerization conditions using an inert gas in the presence of a catalyst comprising: (a) a cobalt compound; (b) a compound selected from the group consisting of a phosphine, a xanthogen, a thiocyanide, a carbon disulfide, and mixtures thereof; and (c) an organoaluminum compound, and optionally a modifier (d) can be included in the catalyst composition. There is also provided a novel resin particle prepared by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1999
    Assignee: Union Carbide Chemicals & Plastics Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Monika Brady, Kevin Joseph Cann
  • Patent number: 5780379
    Abstract: Process for the polymerization of alpha-olefins, which is carried out in the presence of a catalyst system comprising:(1) a solid based on completed titanium trichloride;(2) an organometallic compound of metals of groups IA, IIA, IIB and IIIB of the Periodic Table, and(3) an electron-donor organic compound, the solid (1) based on complexed titanium trichloride having been preactivated by being brought into contact with a preactivator comprising the product of reaction of a trialkylaluminum or alkylaluminum chloride compound (a) and of a compound (b) chosen from hydroxyaromatic compounds whose hydroxyl group is sterically hindered, then isolating the predetermined solid (1) from the medium in which it was found.This process enables propylene to be polymerized with an improved stereospecificity without any significant decrease in catalyst activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Solvay Polyolefins Europe-Belgium (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventor: Paul Fiasse
  • Patent number: 5756608
    Abstract: A process for polymerizing C.sub.2 -C.sub.10 -alk-1-enes in the presence of a metallocene complex of the formula I ##STR1## where the substituent groups have the meanings described in the specification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Franz Langhauser, David Fischer, Jurgen Kerth, Gunther Schweier, Hans-Herbert Brintzinger, Elke Barsties, Werner Roell
  • Patent number: 5756606
    Abstract: Syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene is a thermoplastic resin which has double bonds attached in an alternating fashion to its polymeric backbone. Films, fibers and molded articles can be made utilizing syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene. It can also be blended into rubbers and cocured therewith. It is generally preferred to synthesize syndiotactic 1,2-polybutadiene in an aqueous medium by suspension or emulsion polymerization. In such aqueous polymerization techniques reactor fouling and particle size control problems are frequently encountered. This invention is based upon the unexpected finding that reactor fouling can be greatly reduced or eliminated and that particle size can be regulated by conducting such aqueous polymerizations in the presence of a controlled amount of dissolved oxygen which is within the range of about 0.01 ppm to about 4 ppm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1998
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventor: Tang Hong Wong
  • Patent number: 5703181
    Abstract: Disclosed are a catalyst for olefin polymerization comprising (A) a compound of a transition metal in Group IVB of the periodic table which contains a ligand having a cyclopentadienyl skeleton, (B) an organoaluminum compound and any one of (C1) a Br.o slashed.nsted acid; (C2) a material obtained by contacting (c-1) a magnesium compound with (c-2) an electron donor; and (C3) a material obtained by contacting (c-1) a magnesium compound, (c-2) an electron donor and (c-3) an organometallic compound with each other. Also disclosed are processes for polymerizing an olefin in the presence of the above-mentioned catalysts for olefin polymerization. Such catalysts and processes for olefin polymerization as described above are excellent in olefin polymerization activity and economical efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1997
    Assignee: Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Tashiro, Takashi Ueda
  • Patent number: 5677400
    Abstract: In a process for producing syndiotactic-1,2-polybutadiene by suspension polymerization wherein a mixture composed of 1,3-butadiene, a cobalt compound, and an organometallic compound or metal hydride containing a metal of group I, II or III of the periodic table is contacted with an initiator selected from the group consisting of carbon disulfide, phenyl isothiocyanate and xanthogenic compounds in an aqueous medium, the improvement comprising, after the preparation of the mixture, adding thereto an anti gelling agent selected from the group consisting of alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid esters, nitriles, sulfoxides, amides and phosphoric acid esters, whereby the formation of a rubber-like gelation product in the mixture is inhibited.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 14, 1997
    Assignee: UBE Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuhiro Tsujimoto, Yoshisuke Baba, Osamu Kimura, Shuichi Sakaue
  • Patent number: 5621047
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for preparation of non-crosslinked linear monofunctional and telechelic difunctional unsaturated polymers wherein the functional groups are acrylate or methacrylate groups. The average functionality number of the monofunctional unsaturated polymers is at least 0.7, as determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). The average functionality number of the telechelic difunctional polymers is at least 1.7, as determined by NMR. Alkyl acrylates or alkyl methacrylates are reacted with cyclic olefinic non-conjugated compounds or unsaturated hydrocarbon polymers to prepare monofunctional and difunctional polymers. The process is substantially free of side reactions comprising double bond migration and cyclization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1997
    Assignee: Amoco Corporation
    Inventors: Philip O. Nubel, Howard B. Yokelson, Steven A. Cohen, William G. Bouslog
  • Patent number: 5589548
    Abstract: This invention relates to difunctional telechelic linear non-crosslinked polyolefins without pendant chain branched groups. The polyolefin compounds of this invention are useful for preparing high molecular weight polyesters, polyamides, polyureas and polyurethanes of high density without branching of the polymer chains, and with low permeability to gases and solvents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1996
    Assignee: Amoco Corporation
    Inventors: Philip O. Nubel, Howard B. Yokelson
  • Patent number: 5543481
    Abstract: There are disclosed a catalyst which comprises (A) a titanium compound having one .pi. electron-based ligand (e.g. pentamethylcyclopentadienyl group) or two same .pi. electron-based lignads and (B) an ionic compound comprising a non-coordinate anion and a cation of an element typifying the group 4 elements of the Periodic Table (e.g. triphenylcarbonium tetra(pentafluorophenyl)borate; a catalyst comprising (C) an alkylating agent (e.g. triisobutylaluminum) in addition to the components (A) and (B); and a process for producing a styrenic polymer by the use of any of the aforesaid catalysts. By using the aforementioned catalyst and process, a highly syndiotactic styrenic polymer can be efficiently produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mizutomo Takeuchi, Norio Tomotsu
  • Patent number: 5527751
    Abstract: A polymerization catalyst comprising a reaction product of an organic rare earth metal compound of the formula (I),Cp.sub.a Lx.sub.b M.sub.c D.sub.d (I)(wherein in the formula (I), Cp is a substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentadienyl group, indenyl group, fluorenyl group or their derivatives, or a multidentate coordination compound residue obtained by bonding these groups by way of hydrocarbon or silicon,L is a metal selected from the group consisting of elements having an atomic number of 39 and 57-71,X is a halogen atom,M is an alkaline metal or alkaline earth metal,D is an electron donor,a is 1-2,b is 1-2,c is 0-1, andd is 0-3) with a Grignard reagent of the formula (II),RMgX (II)wherein in the formula (II), R is a hydrocarbon group, and X is a halogen atom); a method for producing a polyolefin or an olefin block copolymer by using the above-mentioned catalyst; and an olefin block copolymer produced by the above-mentioned method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1996
    Assignee: Maruzen Petrochemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kunihiro Inamatsu, Tsuyoshi Matsumoto, Kazuo Soga
  • Patent number: 5519101
    Abstract: A polymerization process for preparation of oligomers and polymers having at least one internal carbon-to-carbon double bond and containing functional groups comprising terminal carbon-to-carbon double bonds is disclosed. The polymerization process is substantially free of side reactions comprising double bond migration. The oligomers and polymers are prepared from acyclic polyenes of from 2 to about 30 carbon atoms. The catalyst system comprises a metathesis catalyst (A) comprising a transition metal compound, an activator (B) selected from the group consisting of organic tin compounds and organic aluminum halides and (C) an organic Lewis base. Yields are at least 60% of theoretical based on acyclic polyene reactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Assignee: Amoco Corporation
    Inventors: Philip O. Nubel, Vahid Bagheri