Interpolymerized With Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Patents (Class 526/339)
  • Patent number: 10808061
    Abstract: Provided is a multi-component copolymer having crack growth resistance and wet performance. The multi-component copolymer comprises conjugated diene units, non-conjugated olefin units and aromatic vinyl units, wherein: a ratio among all of the aromatic vinyl units of at least one aromatic vinyl unit existing in amorphous parts inclusive of the conjugated diene units is 50% or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Madoka Kimura, Tomoe Tanabe, Shigeki Oishi
  • Patent number: 10793658
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a multicomponent copolymer for use for producing a rubber composition and a rubber product such as tires and the like excellent in crack resistance and further having low heat generation while maintaining high weather resistance. Further, the present invention is to provide a rubber composition containing the multicomponent copolymer, a crosslinked rubber composition obtained by crosslinking the rubber composition, and a rubber product and a tire using the rubber composition or the crosslinked rubber composition. The multicomponent copolymer of the present invention contains a conjugated diene unit, a non-conjugated olefin unit and an aromatic vinyl unit, wherein the main chain is formed of an acyclic structure alone and the content of the aromatic vinyl unit is 5 mol % or less of the whole multicomponent copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2020
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Madoka Kimura, Aya Yanagisawa, Shigeki Oishi, Shojiro Kaita
  • Patent number: 9840613
    Abstract: This invention relates to rubber formulations which are useful as a structural material for utilization in manufacturing a wide variety of articles having a unique combination of rigidity, strength and flexural properties while maintaining excellent impact strength and durability. Additionally, articles made with the rubber formulations of this invention can essentially return to their original shape after being deformed by being impacted with a foreign object. A polymeric formulation which is useful as a structural material for manufacturing a wide variety of articles, said polymeric formulation being comprised of (1) about 45 weight percent to about 85 weight percent of a micronized rubber powder, (2) from about 15 weight percent to about 45 weight percent of a metallocene polyolefin elastomer, and (3) from about 1 weight percent to about 10 weight percent of a maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: K. JABAT, INC.
    Inventors: David Kulkaski, Thomas D. Simmering
  • Patent number: 9815974
    Abstract: This invention is based upon the discovery that micronized solution styrene-butadiene rubber from postconsumer sources can be included in rubber formulations without severely compromising abrasion resistance. The micronized solution styrene-butadiene rubber utilized in the rubber formulations of this invention can be made by cryogenic grinding postconsumer rubber products using conventional procedures. For instance, it can be made by cryogenically grinding a tire tread containing a high level of solution styrene-butadiene rubber. The micronized solution styrene-butadiene rubber can then be blending into desired virgin rubbers and cured without significantly compromising the abrasion resistance of the rubber formulation. The rubber formulation of this invention is comprised of a natural or synthetic rubber and from 1 weight percent to 30 weight percent of a micronized rubber composition containing at least 10 weight percent solution styrene-butadiene rubber and having a particle size of 40 mesh to 200 mesh.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Lehigh Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Chad Aaron Jasiunas, Frank P. Papp, Charles T. Rosenmayer, Kedar D. Murthy
  • Patent number: 9580533
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched modifier and a composition comprising more than 25 wt % (based on the weight of the composition) of one or more linear ethylene polymers having a g?vis of 0.97 or more and an Mw of 20,000 g/mol or more and at least 0.1 wt % of a branched modifier where the modifier has a g?vis of less than 0.97, wherein the ethylene polymer has a g?vis of at least 0.01 units higher than the g?vis of the branched modifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Peijun Jiang, Kevin R. Squire, Jianya Cheng, Pradeep P. Shirodkar, Johannes M. Soulages, Keith E. Jolibois, Ronald R. Thackston, Andrew G. Narvaez, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9505860
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a high-pressure radical ethylene polymerization process in which ethylene is polymerized with a polyunsaturated olefin comprising at least 6 carbon atoms and at least two non-conjugated double bonds of which at least one is terminal, characterized in that a polyunsaturated olefin grade is used as a starting material which yields a percentage of less than 6.3% in the zero conversion test or which has a decomposition temperature as measured by DSC of 130° C. or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Borealis AG
    Inventors: Takashi Uematsu, Thomas Hjertberg, Mattias Bergqvist, Bjorn Voigt, Bernt-Ake Sultan
  • Patent number: 9266978
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of manufacturing a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and an olefin other than the conjugated diene compound, where a conjugated diene compound and an olefin other than the conjugated diene compound is copolymerized in the presence of a polymerization catalyst composition containing components: (A) a rare earth element compound or a reactant of the rare earth element compound and a Lewis base; and (B) at least one selected from a group consisting of an ionic compound (B-1) composed of a non-coordinating anion and a cation, an aluminoxane (B-2), and at least one kind of halogen compound (B-3) selected from among a Lewis acid, a complex compound of a metal halide and a Lewis base, and an organic compound containing active halogen (when containing at least one of (B-1) and (B-3), the polymerization catalyst composition further contains component (C): an organometallic compound).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Hideki Kitano
  • Patent number: 9109064
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an ethylene homo- or copolymerization process, characterized in that an inhibitor is added to the reaction mixture or any of its components before the reaction mixture is fed to the reaction zone. The present invention further relates to the use of an inhibitor to reduce fouling in an ethylene homo- or copolymerization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: BOREALIS AG
    Inventors: Thomas Hjertberg, Torbjorn Magnusson, Bjorn Voigt, Mattias Bergqvist, Kenneth Johansson, Marcus Kierkegaard, Annika Smedberg
  • Patent number: 9056936
    Abstract: Provided is a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the copolymer being a random copolymer including randomly arranged monomer units of the conjugated diene compound and of the non-conjugated olefin, in which the non-conjugated olefin is preferably an acyclic olefin, the non-conjugated olefin preferably has 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and specific examples of the non-conjugated olefin preferably include ethylene, propylene, and 1-butene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Patent number: 9023983
    Abstract: The invention is directed to an extruder (10), particularly for extruding a synthetic rubber product, which comprises a barrel (24), one or several extruder elements (12, 14), particularly one or several extruder screws and/or a kneader elements (14), arranged inside the barrel (24) for conveying the product, optionally an inlet port for feeding a stripping agent into the barrel (24) and an outlet port for removing volatile compounds from the product and, where applicable, the stripping agent. According to the invention a perforated die plate (26) is fixed to the barrel (24) in flow direction before the outlet port. Since the die plate (26) is not fixed to the extruder elements (12, 14) but to the barrel (24) a circumferential clearance between the die plate (26) and the barrel (24) is prevented so that no extruded material is passing the die plate (26) radially outside.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: LANXESS Deutschland GmbH
    Inventors: Hanns-Ingolf Paul, Udo Wiesner, Jörg Kirchhoff, Thomas König, Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Patent number: 8987347
    Abstract: The present invention provides a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin that is used for manufacturing a rubber excellent in crack growth resistance, heat resistance and ozone resistance and that includes a cis-1,4 bond at a unit derived from the conjugated diene compound, a rubber composition containing the copolymer, a rubber composition for tire treads using the rubber composition for tire tread members, a crosslinked rubber composition obtained by crosslinking the rubber composition, and a tire using the rubber composition or the crosslinked rubber composition. In the copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the cis-1,4 bond content of a unit derived from the conjugated diene compound is more than 92%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20150073114
    Abstract: A system for detecting an interface between a polymer-rich phase and a solvent-rich phase comprising a liquid-liquid separator configured to receive a polymer solution as an inlet stream comprising solvent, polymer and unreacted monomer produced in a solvent-based polymerization reactor through an inlet feed, wherein a tank is configured to provide a residence time of at least 20 minutes and to permit the stream to separate into the polymer rich phase and the solvent rich phase; a first sonic transponder for sending a first sonic signal from either a top or bottom of the liquid-liquid separator and for receiving a first reflected portion of the sonic signal, the reflected portion of the sonic signal created by the passage of the sonic signal through a liquid-liquid interface between the solvent rich phase and the polymer rich phase, wherein the first sonic transponder is positioned such that it transmits the signal which travels perpendicularly to the liquid-liquid interface is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Curvel Hypolite, Alec Y. Wang
  • Patent number: 8969496
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for controlling the chain structure of a copolymer. The disclosed method is capable of controlling the arrangement of monomeric units in a copolymer, and of selectively forming a random copolymer, tapered copolymer, multiblock copolymer and block copolymer. In the method for controlling the chain structure of a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the introduction of the conjugated diene compound is controlled in the presence of the non-conjugated olefin so as to control the chain structure of the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventor: Shojiro Kaita
  • Publication number: 20150056442
    Abstract: A pressure-sensitive adhesive composition contains a butyl rubber. The pressure-sensitive adhesive composition has a shear storage elastic modulus G? at ?10° C. of 1.0×106 Pa or less and a shear storage elastic modulus G? at 60° C. of 2.0×104 Pa or more obtained by dynamic viscoelasticity measurement of the pressure-sensitive adhesive composition under the conditions of a frequency of 1 Hz, a temperature rising rate of 5° C./min, and a temperature range of ?60 to 70° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Youhei HAYASHI
  • Patent number: 8921499
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of preparing an ethylene-?-olefin-diene copolymer and an ethylene-?-olefin-diene copolymer prepared thereby, by using a transition metal compound based on a cyclopenta[b]fluorenyl group as a catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignees: SK Innovation Co., Ltd., SK Global Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong Cheol Shin, Ho Seong Lee, Seong Kyun Kim, Sang Ick Lee, Sun Young Kim, Jong Sok Hahn, Chan Woong Jeon, Jeong Hwan Kim
  • Publication number: 20140377481
    Abstract: Copolymers having a substantially heterogeneous composition distribution and strong UV absorption comprise the direct reaction product of an isoolefin and at least one terpene having the molecular formulae of (C5H8)n where n is equal to or greater than two, and optionally additional monomers. More specifically, the invention relates to copolymers of isobutylene and alloocimene that exhibit thermoplastic elastomeric properties and exhibit strong filler interaction. The present invention also relates to methods for producing copolymers of at least one isoolefin and at least one terepene by a two-phase living polymerization that produces a substantially linear diblock, triblock, and multiblock copolymer having substantially heterogeneous distribution of the isoolefin and terpene units.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 17, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF AKRON
    Inventors: Judit E. Puskas, Gabor Kaszas
  • Patent number: 8916662
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a preparation method for olefin-diene copolymer that comprises polymerizing at least one olefin-based monomer and at least one diene-based monomer in the presence of a catalyst comprising a novel transition metal compound. Using the novel transition metal compound as a catalyst, the preparation method for olefin-diene copolymer according to the present invention can not only acquire high catalytic activity for copolymerization of the olefin and diene monomers to achieve high process efficiency but allow it to easily control the fine-structure characteristics of the copolymer, thereby providing an olefin-diene copolymer having desired properties with ease.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Lotte Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Bun-Yeoul Lee, Ji-Hae Park, Seung-Hyun Do, Hwa-Kyu Kim, Jae-Young Park, Seung-Woong Yoon
  • Patent number: 8895685
    Abstract: Polypropylene composition comprising a polypropylene base resin whereby the polypropylene base resin has a MFR (2.16 kg, 230° C., ISO 1133) of 8 to 24 g/10 min and a LAOS-NLF>2.8 whereby LAOS?NLF=|G?1/G?3| where G?1—first order Fourier Coefficient, G?3—third order Fourier Coefficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Borealis AG
    Inventors: Katja Klimke, Juha Yli-Peltola, Elke Pachner, Doris Machl, Hermann Braun, Susana Filipe, Anh Tuan Tran
  • Patent number: 8853339
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for producing a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and an unconjugated olefin other than the conjugated diene compound having a high cis-1,4 bond content of a conjugated diene compound portion, and more particularly to a method for producing a copolymer characterized by comprising a step of polymerizing a conjugated diene compound and an unconjugated olefin other than the conjugated diene compound in the presence of a polymerization catalyst composition including at least one complex selected from a metallocene complex represented by the following general formula (I): (wherein M is a lanthanoid element, scandium or yttrium, and CpR is independently a non-substituted or substituted indenyl, and Ra-Rf are independently an alkyl group having a carbon number of 1-3 or a hydrogen atom, and L is a neutral Lewis base, and w is an integer of 0-3) and so on.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Bridgestone Corporation
    Inventors: Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Yasuo Horikawa
  • Publication number: 20140039142
    Abstract: The invention is directed to an extruder (10), particularly for extruding a synthetic rubber product, which comprises a barrel (24), one or several extruder elements (12, 14), particularly one or several extruder screws and/or a kneader elements (14), arranged inside the barrel (24) for conveying the product, optionally an inlet port for feeding a stripping agent into the barrel (24) and an outlet port for removing volatile compounds from the product and, where applicable, the stripping agent. According to the invention a perforated die plate (26) is fixed to the barrel (24) in flow direction before the outlet port. Since the die plate (26) is not fixed to the extruder elements (12, 14) but to the barrel (24) a circumferential clearance between the die plate (26) and the barrel (24) is prevented so that no extruded material is passing the die plate (26) radially outside.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: LANXESS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Hanns-Ingolf Paul, Udo Wiesner, Jörg Kirchhoff, Thomas König, Klemens Kohlgrüber
  • Publication number: 20140039143
    Abstract: A process for making propylene by dehydration of propanol can include gasifying a carbonaceous solid or liquid feedstock, or reforming a gaseous carbonaceous feedstock into synthesis gas. The synthesis gas can be fermented or co-fermented by means of a microorganism into propanol. The microorganism can be a wild strain having the natural capability to ferment synthesis gas into propanol. The microorganism can be a microorganism possessing the required nucleic acid sequence information to express the enzymes for the biosynthesis of C3-oxygenates modified with the required nucleic acid sequence information to express the enzymes of the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway. The microorganism can be a microorganism possessing the required nucleic acid sequence information to express the enzymes of the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway, modified with the required nucleic acid sequence information to express the enzymes for the biosynthesis of C3-oxygenates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2011
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: TOTAL RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY FELUY
    Inventor: Walter Vermeiren
  • Publication number: 20140018493
    Abstract: The present invention provides a random copolymer that is used for manufacturing a tire having excellent rollability and wear resistance and that includes randomly arranged monomer units of a conjugated diene compound and of a non-conjugated olefin, a rubber composition containing the random copolymer, a cross-linked rubber composition obtained by crosslinking the rubber composition, and a tire manufactured by using the rubber composition or the cross-linked rubber composition. A copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, including a random copolymer having randomly arranged monomer units of the conjugated diene compound and of the non-conjugated olefin, and containing, by more than 30 mol %, a unit derived from the conjugated diene compound.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Patent number: 8623976
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel catalyst composition comprising a metallocene complex, and a novel producing method for various polymer compounds. Preferably, the invention provides a novel polymer compound, and a producing method thereof. Specifically, the invention provides a polymerization catalyst composition, comprising: (1) a metallocene complex represented by the general formula (I), including: a central metal M which is a group III metal atom or a lanthanoid metal atom; a ligand Cp* bound to the central metal and including a substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentadienyl derivative; monoanionic ligands Q1 and Q2; and w neutral Lewis base L; and (2) an ionic compound composed of a non-ligand anion and a cation: where w represents an integer of 0 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: RIKEN
    Inventors: Zhaomin Hou, Yunjie Luo, Xiaofang Li, Jens Baldamus
  • Publication number: 20140005327
    Abstract: The present invention provides a random copolymer that is used for manufacturing a rubber having high fracture strength and excellent low loss properties (low heat generation properties) and that includes randomly arranged monomer units of a conjugated diene compound and of a non-conjugated olefin, a rubber composition containing the random copolymer, a cross-linked rubber composition obtained by crosslinking the rubber composition, and a tire manufactured by using the rubber composition or the cross-linked rubber composition. A copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin includes a random copolymer having randomly arranged monomer units of the conjugated diene compound and of the non-conjugated olefin, which random copolymer contains, by at least 5 mol %, alternate bonding units of the conjugated diene compound and the non-conjugated olefin in a unit derived from the non-conjugated olefin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 3, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20140005321
    Abstract: The present invention provides a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin that is used for manufacturing rubber excellent in low heat generation properties, heat resistance, ozone resistance (weather resistance), a rubber composition containing the copolymer, a crosslinked rubber composition obtained by crosslinking the rubber composition, and a tire manufactured by using the rubber composition or the crosslinked rubber composition. In the copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the content of 1,2 adduct units (including 3,4 adduct units) of a unit derived from the conjugated diene compound is 5% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20140005296
    Abstract: The present invention provides a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin that is used for manufacturing a rubber excellent in crack growth resistance, heat resistance and ozone resistance and that includes a cis-1,4 bond at a unit derived from the conjugated diene compound, a rubber composition containing the copolymer, a rubber composition for tire treads using the rubber composition for tire tread members, a crosslinked rubber composition obtained by crosslinking the rubber composition, and a tire using the rubber composition or the crosslinked rubber composition. In the copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the cis-1,4 bond content of a unit derived from the conjugated diene compound is more than 92%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20130216812
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a branched modifier and a composition comprising more than 25 wt % (based on the weight of the composition) of one or more linear ethylene polymers having a g?vis of 0.97 or more and an Mw of 20,000 g/mol or more and at least 0.1 wt % of a branched modifier where the modifier has a) a g?vis of 0.70 or less; b) an Mw of 100,000 g/mol or more; c) an Mw/Mn of 4.0 or more; d) a shear thinning ratio of 110 or more, e) a melt strength of 10 cN or more; f) a complex viscosity at 0.1 rad/sec at 190° C. of at least 130,000 Pa·s; and g) a phase angle of Z° or less where Z=138.3G*(?0.142), where G* is the complex modulus reported in Pascals measured at 190° C. and the phase angle units are reported in degrees, wherein the G* is from 1,000 to 1,000,000 Pa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Inventor: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
  • Patent number: 8513367
    Abstract: Method of reducing fouling in an elastomer polymerization process that includes providing a reactor capable of housing an industrial-scale elastomer polymerization reaction, and applying a mechanical force to the reactor so as to create a vibration in at least one wall of the reactor, in which fouling is reduced in the reactor. In one embodiment the reaction is an industrial scale butyl polymerization reaction and the reactor is a butyl polymerization reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Timothy D. Shaffer, Pamela J. Wright, Limin Song
  • Patent number: 8513368
    Abstract: An object of the invention is to provide copolymers which have a double bond in a side chain and are substantially free of unsaturated bonds in the main chain, copolymers which have a cyclic structure and are substantially free of unsaturated bonds in the main chain, and processes for economically synthesizing these copolymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Kenji Michiue, Sei-ichi Ishii, Makoto Mitani, Takeshi Karino
  • Publication number: 20130210994
    Abstract: The present invention provides a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, in which the conjugated diene unit has cis-1,4 bonds and the non-conjugated olefin contains many ethylene structures. In a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and an unconjugated olefin other than the conjugated diene compound, the conjugated diene unit has a cis-1,4 bond content of 50% or more and the unconjugated olefin is contained in an amount of 20 mol % or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Yasuo Horikawa, Hideki Kitano
  • Publication number: 20130211032
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for controlling the chain structure of a copolymer. The disclosed method is capable of controlling the arrangement of monomeric units in a copolymer, and of selectively forming a random copolymer, tapered copolymer, multiblock copolymer and block copolymer. In the method for controlling the chain structure of a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the introduction of the conjugated diene compound is controlled in the presence of the non-conjugated olefin so as to control the chain structure of the copolymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shojiro Kaita
  • Publication number: 20130197179
    Abstract: Provided is a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the copolymer being a random copolymer including randomly arranged monomer units of the conjugated diene compound and of the non-conjugated olefin, in which the non-conjugated olefin is preferably an acyclic olefin, the non-conjugated olefin preferably has 2 to 10 carbon atoms, and specific examples of the non-conjugated olefin preferably include ethylene, propylene, and 1-butene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2011
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuo Horikawa, Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Junko Matsushita
  • Publication number: 20130197157
    Abstract: In a copolymer of a conjugated diene compound and a non-conjugated olefin, the conjugated diene unit has a cis-1,4 bond content of greater than 70.5% and the non-conjugated olefin is contained in an amount of 10 mol % or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 26, 2011
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shojiro Kaita, Olivier Tardif, Yasuo Horikawa, Hideki Kitano
  • Patent number: 8420757
    Abstract: A polymer comprising a polymer backbone. The polymer backbone has a plurality of carbon atoms. There are two lipophobic carboxylate groups or carboxylic acid groups per repeating unit being coupled to separate carbon atoms of the backbone. The polymer may be used to recover metals by chelation and then burning away the polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Inventor: Joseph P. Laurino
  • Patent number: 8399725
    Abstract: This invention relates to a functionalized co-oligomer having an Mn of 300 to 30,000 g/mol comprising 10 to 90 mol % propylene and 10 to 90 mol % of ethylene, wherein the oligomer has at least X % allyl chain ends, where: 1) X=(?0.94(mole % ethylene incorporated)+100), when 10 to 60 mole % ethylene is present in the co-oligomer, and 2) X=45, when greater than 60 and less than 70 mole % ethylene is present in the co-oligomer, and 3) X=(1.83*(mole % ethylene incorporated)?83), when 70 to 90 mole % ethylene is present in the co-oligomer. This invention also relates to a functionalized homo-oligomer, comprising propylene, wherein the oligomer has: at least 93% allyl chain ends, an Mn of about 500 to about 20,000 g/mol, an isobutyl chain end to allylic vinyl group ratio of 0.8:1 to 1.2:1.0, and less than 100 ppm aluminum. This invention also relates to a process of making functionalized homo- or co-oligomer, comprising propylene, wherein the productivity is greater than 4500 g/mmol Hf (or Zr)/hour.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Patrick Brant, Donna J. Crowther
  • Patent number: 8334353
    Abstract: Provided herein are polyfarnesenes such as farnesene homopolymers derived from a farnesene and farnesene interpolymers derived from a farnesene and at least a vinyl monomer; and the processes of making and using the polyfarnesenes. The farnesene homopolymer can be prepared by polymerizing the farnesene in the presence of a catalyst such as a Ziegler-Natta catalyst, a Kaminsky catalyst, a metallocene catalyst, an organolithium reagent or a combination thereof. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2012
    Assignee: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Patent number: 8314196
    Abstract: Provided herein are polyfarnesenes such as farnesene homopolymers derived from a farnesene and farnesene interpolymers derived from a farnesene and at least a vinyl monomer; and the processes of making and using the polyfarnesenes. The farnesene homopolymer can be prepared by polymerizing the farnesene in the presence of a catalyst. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Publication number: 20120277392
    Abstract: A system for detecting an interface between polymer-rich phase and solvent-rich phase comprising a liquid-liquid separator configured to receive a polymer solution as an inlet stream produced in a solvent-based polymerization reactor through an inlet feed, wherein the tank is configured to permit the stream to separate into a polymer rich phase and a solvent rich phase; a first sonic transponder for sending a first sonic signal from either a top or bottom of the liquid-liquid separator and for receiving a first reflected portion of the sonic signal, the reflected portion of the sonic signal created by the passage of the sonic signal through a liquid-liquid interface between the solvent rich phase and the polymer rich phase is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2012
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Curvel Hypolite, Alec Y. Wang
  • Patent number: 8299189
    Abstract: A catalyst composition comprising a zirconium complex of a polyvalent aryloxyether and the use thereof in a continuous solution polymerization of ethylene, one or more C3-30 olefins, and a conjugated or nonconjugated diene to prepare interpolymers having improved processing properties are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Harold W. Boone, Carl N. Iverson, Wayde V. Konze, Daniel D. VanderLende
  • Patent number: 8283427
    Abstract: A process for cationically polymerizing olefin monomers in a reaction mixture includes the step of contacting olefin monomers and a catalytically effective amount of an initiating composition containing (A) a heterogeneous perfluoroaryl substituted Lewis acid coinitiator selected from the group consisting of open chain and cyclic aluminoxane compounds or Group 13 perfluoroaryl Lewis acid compounds of formula (III) and (B) an initiator selected from the group consisting of (i) organic compounds, (ii) halogens, (iii) interhalogens; (iv) Brönsted acids, (v) boron halides; (vi) silicon compounds; and (vii) germanium compounds. A novel initiator system is further disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Inventor: Stewart P. Lewis
  • Patent number: 8273838
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a class of propylene/?-olefin block interpolymers. The propylene/?-olefin interpolymers are characterized by an average block index, ABI, which is greater than zero and up to about 1.0 and a molecular weight distribution, Mw/Mn, greater than about 1.3. Preferably, the block index is from about 0.2 to about 1. In addition or alternatively, the block propylene/?-olefin interpolymer is characterized by having at least one fraction obtained by Temperature Rising Elution Fractionation (“TREF”), wherein the fraction has a block index greater than about 0.3 and up to about 1.0 and the propylene/?-olefin interpolymer has a molecular weight distribution, Mw/Mn, greater than about 1.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Colin Li Pi Shan, Lonnie G. Hazlitt, Yunwa Wilson Cheung, Benjamin C. Poon, Phillip D. Hustad, Roger L. Kuhlman, Edmund M. Carnahan, XiaoHua Qiu, Angela N. Taha
  • Patent number: 8268949
    Abstract: Borohydride metallocene complex of lanthanide, preparation process, catalytic system incorporating it, copolymerization of olefins employing catalytic system and ethylene/butadiene copolymer, the butadiene units comprise 1,2-cyclohexane or 1,2- and 1,4-cyclohexane links. The complex corresponds to of formulae A and/or B: where, in A two ligands Cp1 and Cp2, each of a fluorenyl group, are connected to the lanthanide Ln, where, in B, a ligand molecule, composed of two fluorenyl groups Cp1 and Cp2 are connected via bridge P of formula MR1R2, is an element from group IVa, R1 and R2, which are identical or different, represent an alkyl group comprising from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, connected to lanthanide Ln, L is alkali metal, N is molecule of a complexing solvent, x is integral or non-integral number ?0 and p is integer ?1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignees: Michelin Recherche et Technique S.A., Total Petrochemicals France, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Ecole Superieure de Chimie-Physique-Electronique de Lyon
    Inventors: Julien Thuilliez, Christophe Boisson, Roger Spitz
  • Patent number: 8222361
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the production of an ethylene/propylene/diene copolymer by means of solution polymerization, and more specifically one for a copolymer whose main components are ethylene, propylene and diene monomers using a catalyst of a transition metal coordination compound; the constituent components and characteristics of the copolymer being as follows. The catalyst composition provided by the present invention, which is used to produce a copolymer of which (a) the ethylene content is from 30 wt. % to 80 wt. %, (b) the propylene content is from 19.9% to 60 wt. % and (c) the diene content is from more than 0 wt. % to 15 wt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignees: SK Innovation Co., Ltd., SK Global Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Byoungtak Yim, Youngwook Kim, Myungahn Ok, Jongsok Hahn, Dongcheol Shin
  • Publication number: 20120178848
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of butyl ionomers or partially halogenated butyl ionomers in reducing a population of and/or preventing accumulation of organisms. The organisms may be bacteria, algae, fungi, mollusca or arthropoda. The invention also relates to coatings for shaped articles comprising the butyl ionomers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: LANXESS INC.
    Inventors: Dana Adkinson, Lorenzo P. Ferrari, J. Scott Parent, Ralph A. Whitney, Rui Resendes
  • Patent number: 8217128
    Abstract: Farnesene interpolymer comprises units derived from a farnesene (e.g., ?-farnesene or ?-farnesene) and units derived from at least one vinyl monomer. The farnesene interpolymer can be prepared by copolymerizing the farnesene and at least one vinyl monomer in the presence of a catalyst. In some embodiments, the farnesene is prepared from a sugar by using a microorganism. In other embodiments, the at least one vinyl monomer is ethylene, an ?-olefin, or a substituted or unsubstituted vinyl halide, vinyl ether, acrylonitrile, acrylic ester, methacrylic ester, acrylamide or methacrylamide, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Amyris, Inc.
    Inventor: Derek James McPhee
  • Publication number: 20120165492
    Abstract: Borohydride metallocene complex of lanthanide, preparation process, catalytic system incorporating it, copolymerization of olefins employing catalytic system and ethylene/butadiene copolymer, the butadiene units comprise 1,2-cyclohexane or 1,2- and 1,4-cyclohexane links. The complex corresponds to of formulae A and/or B: where, in A two ligands Cp1 and Cp2, each of a fluorenyl group, are connected to the lanthanide Ln, where, in B, a ligand molecule, composed of two fluorenyl groups Cp1 and Cp2 are connected via bridge P of formula MR1R2, is an element from group IVa, R1 and R2, which are identical or different, represent an alkyl group comprising from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, connected to lanthanide Ln, L is alkali metal, N is molecule of a complexing solvent, x is integral or non-integral number ?0 and p is integer ?1.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Inventors: Julien Thuilliez, Christophe Boisson, Roger Spitz
  • Patent number: 8188191
    Abstract: The present invention is a polyolefin polymer containing vinyl groups at both ends thereof, and a composition and a molded product containing the polymer, wherein the polymer contains a constitutional unit derived from at least one selected from the group consisting of ethylene (a), an ?-olefin (b) having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, and a cyclic olefin (c), and (1) a ratio of terminal vinylation is 70% or more relative to all of both ends of molecular chains, and (2) an intrinsic viscosity [?] is in the range of 0.01 to 10 dl/g as measured in a decalin solution at 135° C. The polymer of the present invention may be molded by a LIM molding, an injection molding, a transfer molding, a compression molding, and the like, and is excellent in acid resistance, gas permeation resistance, hydrolysis resistance, and dynamic fatigue resistance. From the polymer, a thermoplastic resin composition and a crosslinkable resin composition, and a crosslinked composition having excellent mechanical characteristics are obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Shigenobu Ikenaga, Keiji Okada, Yoshiki Shimokawatoko, Akihiro Matsuda, Shigekazu Matsui, Masahiro Enna
  • Patent number: 8188200
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of producing a polyolefin composition comprising contacting a metallocene pre-catalyst, co-catalyst, and a stoichiometric excess of a metal alkyl; adding a first olefin monomer; and polymerizing the first monomer for a time sufficient to form the polyolefin. The method allows for the use of minimum amounts of activating co-catalyst and metallocene pre-catalyst. Also disclosed is a method of producing a block polyolefin composition comprising contacting a metallocene pre-catalyst, a co-catalyst, and a stoichiometric excess of a metal alkyl; adding a first olefin monomer; polymerizing the first monomer for a time sufficient to form the polyolefin; adding a second monomer; and polymerizing the second olefin monomer for a time sufficient to form said block polyolefin composition. Also disclosed are amorphous atactic polymer and copolymer compositions made according to the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2012
    Assignee: University of Maryland, College Park
    Inventors: Lawrence R. Sita, Wei Zhang
  • Publication number: 20120130026
    Abstract: Method of reducing fouling in an elastomer polymerization process that includes providing a reactor capable of housing an industrial-scale elastomer polymerization reaction, and applying a mechanical force to the reactor so as to create a vibration in at least one wall of the reactor, in which fouling is reduced in the reactor. In one embodiment the reaction is an industrial scale butyl polymerization reaction and the reactor is a butyl polymerization reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2011
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Applicant: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventors: Timothy D. SHAFFER, Pamela J. WRIGHT, George P. AKEHURST, Limin SONG
  • Publication number: 20120059135
    Abstract: An object of the invention is to provide copolymers which have a double bond in a side chain and are substantially free of unsaturated bonds in the main chain, copolymers which have a cyclic structure and are substantially free of unsaturated bonds in the main chain, and processes for economically synthesizing these copolymers. A copolymer of the invention is obtained by copolymerizing at least ethylene and a conjugated diene. In the copolymer, structural units derived from the conjugated diene represent 1 to 90 mol %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Publication date: March 8, 2012
    Applicant: MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC.
    Inventors: Kenji Michiue, Sei-ichi Ishii, Makoto Mitani, Takeshi Karino