Ethylenically Unsaturated Carboxylic Acid Or Derivative Of An Ethylenically Unsaturated Carboxylic Acid Patents (Class 528/306)
  • Patent number: 5798434
    Abstract: A monomer mixture having a hydroxyl value ranging from 0 to 134 KOH mg/g, obtainable by polymerizing a mixed raw material of an unsaturated compound selected from the group consisting of fatty acids each having one carboxyl group and one double bond in the molecule and having 11 to 22 carbon atoms and lower alkyl esters thereof with an unsaturated compound selected from the group consisting of fatty acids each having one carboxyl group and 2 to 4 double bonds in the molecule and having 11 to 22 carbon atoms and whose iodine value ranges from 30 to 130 g (iodine)/100 g to give dimers and trimers, then converting the carboxyl groups (or the lower alkyl ester group in case of the lower alkyl esters) present in the resulting dimers and trimers into hydroxyl groups through reduction to give a mixture substantially consisting of dimer diols and trimer triols, and then subjecting the mixture having a dimer diol/trimer triol weight ratio ranging from 30/70 to 99/1 to an esterification reaction with an .alpha., .beta.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1998
    Assignee: Lion Corporation
    Inventors: Hitoshi Kigawa, Hiroshi Yamagishi, Noriko Suzuki, Yoshikazu Asao
  • Patent number: 5783635
    Abstract: An unsaturated polyester resin composition which comprises 100 parts by weight of a resin mixture comprising 25 to 80 parts by weight of an unsaturated polyester, 20 to 60 parts by weight of a comonomer and 1 to 10 parts by weight of a particulate crosslinked polymer and 100 to 400 parts by weight of an inorganic filler and in which the difference in refractive index between a product of copolymerization of the unsaturated polyester with the comonomer and the inorganic filler is 0.02 or below; and molded articles produced by curing the resin composition by heating under pressure. The resin composition has a high productivity, exhibits a texture excellent in both light transmittance and gloss, and is excellent in water resistance and which is suitable for the production of artificial marble.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1998
    Assignee: Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Koichi Akiyama, Kenichi Morita, Hideki Terada
  • Patent number: 5780558
    Abstract: A low-cost way to modulate the reactivity and acid number of polyetherester thermoset resins is disclosed. "Beginning" and "end" methods for making dicyclopentadiene (DCPD)-modified polyetherester resins are described. The "beginning" method comprises first heating a polyether, DCPD, a diol, an insertion catalyst, and a carboxylic acid derivative to produce a mixture that contains the polyether and a DCPD-diol diester adduct. Increasing the temperature causes insertion of the DCPD-diol diester into the polyether to give a DCPD polyetherester resin. The "end" method reacts a polyetherester resin made by insertion with DCPD to give a DCPD polyetherester resin. Compared with DCPD polyester resins, those of the invention give more flexible thermosets. Compared with unmodified polyetherester resins, the DCPD polyetherester resins offer formulators more control over curing, which eliminates mold distortion and shrinking or cracking of thermoset parts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Klang, Lau S. Yang
  • Patent number: 5777046
    Abstract: Amphiphilic polyesters containing(a) ester units derived from polyalkylene glycols having a molecular weight of from 500 to 7500 and aliphatic dicarboxylic acids and/or monohydroxymonocarboxylic acids and(b) ester units derived from aromatic dicarboxylic acids and polyhydric alcoholsand having molecular weights of from 1500 to 25,000,processes for preparing the amphiphilic polyesters by polycondensation, preparing first(a) aliphatic polyesters of polyalkylene glycols having a molecular weight of from 500 to 7500 with aliphatic dicarboxylic acids and/or monohydroxymonocarboxylic acids and then, within the aliphatic polyester thus obtained,(b) aromatic polyesters from aromatic dicarboxylic acids and polyhydric alcohols,reversing the order of the polycondensation, or condensing oligomeric aromatic polyesters (b) with oligomeric aliphatic polyesters (a), and use of the amphiphilic polyesters as additive in laundry detergents, other laundry detergent additives and laundry aftertreatments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Dieter Boeckh, Hans-Ulrich Jager, Gunnar Schornick
  • Patent number: 5773531
    Abstract: A modified acrylic urethane prepolymer composition and an unsaturated polyester resin composition to which the prepolymer has been added. The prepolymer composition includes an acrylic urethane prepolymer prepared by the reaction of diisocyanate, like MDI, with an hydroxyl-containing acrylate monomer, such as a pentaerythritol triacrylate, which prepolymer composition may contain a styrene monomer and an inhibitor, such as benzoquinone, to retard the reaction of the prepolymer and styrene monomer prior to the addition of the prepolymer composition into the polyester resin composition. The employment of the modified urethane prepolymer composition provides for the reduction in the amount of styrene monomer used in the unsaturated resin composition and also provides for improved chemical and physical properties of the cured, unsaturated resin composition, such as a reduction in glass roll-out when the resin composition is employed with fiberglass.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Hehr International Inc.
    Inventor: Stuart B. Smith
  • Patent number: 5770659
    Abstract: Processes for making storage-stable epoxy-capped polyetherester resins are disclosed. In one process, a polyetherester resin is first made by inserting a carboxylic acid derivative into a polyether. Reacting the resin with a capping agent gives an intermediate resin with a reduced content of free carboxylic acid groups. Finally, the intermediate resin reacts with an epoxy compound in the presence of a finishing catalyst under conditions effective to give an epoxy-capped resin. The resins have low weight average molecular weights (less than about 8000), narrow molecular weight distributions (less than 6), and low viscosities, making them an excellent choice for low-VOC formulations. The finishing catalyst helps to minimize resin viscosity drift and improves shelf stability. Curing the resins with a vinyl monomer gives thermosets with an excellent balance of physical properties, including excellent water resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1998
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Gangfeng Cai, Daniel M. Trauth, Lau S. Yang
  • Patent number: 5760101
    Abstract: A condensation product of a hydroxy(meth)acrylate compound corresponding to the formula ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is hydrogen or methyl, A is a trivalent aliphatic residue with 3 to 15 C-atoms which is unsubstituted or substituted with OH groups and optionally contains up to 5 ether bridges, and an aromatic carboxylic acid anhydrides compound of the formula (II) or an aromatic carboxylic acid anhydride chloride compound of the formula (II) ##STR2## in which Ar is a benzene ring or a naphthalene ring, n is 1 or 2, and m is 0, 1 or 2. The condensation product has a molar mass of 300 and to 10,000 daltons. The condensation product is useful as an adhesive to bond dental filling materials to teeth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: Heraeus Kulzer GmbH
    Inventors: Ludger Heiliger, Wolfgang Podszun, Werner Finger
  • Patent number: 5760161
    Abstract: Unsaturated, thermosetting, brominated phthalic anhydride/polyol polyester resins are prepared by reacting brominated phthalic anhydride with polyol and an unsaturated polycarboxylic acid compound in the presence of an acid neutralizing agent under reaction conditions so as to form an unsaturated polyester resin product, the proportions of reactants being selected so as to provide, (i) at least about a 5:4 mole ratio of total moles of polyol to the sum of the moles of brominated phthalic anhydride, unsaturated polycarboxylic acid compound and any saturated polycarboxylic acid compounds in the reaction, and (ii) a bromine content of at least about 40 weight percent in the unsaturated polyester resin product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: Albemarle Corporation
    Inventors: Otto K. Goins, Jr., Todd M. Cooke, David R. Brackenridge
  • Patent number: 5747607
    Abstract: A sheet molding composition is provided which exhibits controllable thickening. The composition includes a low molecular weight polyester in which some of the chain ends have been endcapped with functional groups which are unable to react with the thickeners employed in the sheet molding composition. The sheet molding composition has a low viscosity of from about 6 to about 20 million centipoise which allows molding at low pressures of from about 100 to about 300 psi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: Owens-Corning Fiberglas Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: William G. Hager, Edward L. Wilson, Paul R. Krumlauf
  • Patent number: 5736581
    Abstract: Disclosed are novel polyglycerine polyricinoleates as emulsifiers obtained by the esterification of polyricinoleic acid with a natural condensation rate of from 2 to 10 with a polyglycerine mixture comprising 5-35 wt. % glycerine, 15-40 wt. % diglycerines, 10-30 wt. % triglycerines, 8-20 wt. % tetraglycerines, and 3-10 wt. % pentaglycerines, and the remainder being oligoglycerines. The materials have improved emulsifying capacity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Achim Ansmann, Rolf Kawa, Helga Gondek, Gabriele Strauss, Rainer Von Kries
  • Patent number: 5736622
    Abstract: A collector that is intended to be used at deinking of waste paper according to the flotation process. The collector includes a polyester obtained through reaction between polyalkylene glycol, di and/or tricarboxylic acid and/or anhydrides thereof as well as a saturated fatty acid with 12-18 carbon atoms. The polyester shows a molecular weight between 3000-10000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1998
    Assignee: Bim Kemi AB
    Inventors: Peter W.ang.llberg, Enn Paart
  • Patent number: 5731391
    Abstract: A fluid which comprises an olefin-terminated polyester an unmodified polyester and a polymerized .alpha.-olefin is provided which facilitates the separation of blood into light and heavy phases via centrifugation in a blood collection vessel. The fluid is useful as a component of a partitioning composition formulated to have appropriate specific gravity to be positioned intermediate the light and heavy blood phases during centrifugation. A partitioning composition including a fluid of the invention provides a particular advantage in blood collection vessels used in therapeutic drug monitoring, due to the relatively low affinity between the fluid component of the composition and commonly monitored classes of drugs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1998
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventors: William L. O'Brien, Alan C. Kilbarger
  • Patent number: 5705603
    Abstract: The invention relates to reaction products of polyetheramines with polymers containing dicarboxylic anhydride groups, which contain 20-80, preferably 40-60, mol % of bivalent structural units A and/or C and, if required, B ##STR1## in which R.sup.1 and R.sup.2, independently of one another, are hydrogen or methyl,a and b are equal to zero or one and a+b is equal to one,Y is X or NRR.sup.3,X is --OH, --O--C.sub.1-30 -alkyl, NR.sup.3 R.sup.4 or --O.sup..crclbar. N.sup..sym. R.sup.3 R.sup.4,R.sup.3 and R.sup.4, independently of one another, are hydrogen, C.sub.6 -C.sub.40 -alkyl or R,R is ##STR2## with the proviso that at least 1 mol % of the anhydride groups bonded to the polymer have reacted with a polyetheramine,Z is C.sub.2 -C.sub.4 -alkyl,n is a number from 1 to 1000,R.sup.5 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.30 -alkyl, C.sub.5 -C.sub.12 -cycloalkyl or C.sub.6 -C.sub.30 -aryl andR.sup.6 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1998
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Matthias Krull, Michael Feustel, Erdmann Mielcke
  • Patent number: 5700856
    Abstract: A peroxide-generating composition for use in curing an unsaturated polyester resin and to the cured unsaturated polyester resin composition so prepared, particularly unsaturated polyester resin compositions containing inert filler materials used prepare a cast or molded product. The peroxide-generating composition comprises an allyl alcohol alkanoate, such as allyl alcohol propoxylate, which in the presence of a metal salt promoter, such as cobalt carboxylate, either with the allyl alcohol alkanoate or separately as a prepromoter in the unsaturated polyester resin composition provides for the generation from the allyl alcohol alkanoate of a peroxide to effect the in situ cure of the unsaturated polyester resin composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1997
    Assignee: Hehr International Inc.
    Inventor: Stuart B. Smith
  • Patent number: 5696225
    Abstract: A process for making high-performance polyetherester resins and thermosets is disclosed. A polyether polyol reacts with a dicarboxylic acid or anhydride in the presence of an insertion catalyst to produce an acid-terminated polyetherester resin. Reaction of this resin reacts with a primary diol or a diepoxy compound gives a chain-extended polyetherester resin that can be cured with a vinyl monomer to produce a high-performance polyetherester thermoset. Properties of the thermosets rival or exceed those of more expensive high-performance iso and vinyl ester resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Gangfeng Cai, Jeffrey A. Klang, Lau S. Yang
  • Patent number: 5691053
    Abstract: A coating material and coating process for color coating articles, such as motor vehicle bodies, and coated articles produced therewith. The coating contains a paint vehicle composed of at least one curable liquid-crystal polymer (LCP), the colored appearance of the coating being determined by mesogens of the paint vehicle which exhibit an interference effect, the mesogens automatically aligning themselves substantially perpendicular to the surface of the article during application of the coating material and adopting a chiral-nematic configuration in which they form a helix having a pitch length which can be influenced by heat within a specified temperature range. The liquid-crystal polymers are such that they are not crosslinked by heat and also such that the temperature level at which the pitch length of the helix can be influenced is above the temperature at which the color coated article is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1997
    Assignee: Daimler-Benz AG
    Inventors: Michael Gailberger, Anne Barth, Hans Ruetger Kricheldorf, Volkmar Vill, Mihai Gurau, Matthias Berghahn
  • Patent number: 5688906
    Abstract: A method for forming a polyamic acid having nonlinear optical (NLO) or pre-NLO side chains, which method includes the steps of:(1) providing a bis-(aromatic dicarboxylic acid anhydride) containing at least one NLO or pre-NLO side chain having the structure represented by:D-R-Awherein D, R and A form a delocalized resonance configuration in which R is a pi-conjugated non-centrosymmetric moiety, A is hydrogen or an electron withdrawing moiety and D is an electron donating moiety covalently linked to the bis-(aromatic dicarboxylic acid anhydride); and(2) reacting the bis-(aromatic dicarboxylic acid anhydride) with an aromatic diamine to form a polyamic acid having NLO or pre-NLO side chains. Methods for preparing polyamic acids having NLO or pre-NLO side chains by reacting aromatic diamines having NLO or pre-NLO side chains with bis-(aromatic dicarboxylic acid anhydrides) are also disclosed. Methods of forming the polyamic acids into polyimides having NLO side chains are also included.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Assignee: Enichem S.p.A.
    Inventors: Kwan-Yue Alex Jen, Kevin Joel Drost
  • Patent number: 5670603
    Abstract: This invention relates to polymers having non-linear optical properties which polymers include fluorene moieties having at least one electron accepting group and at least one electon donating group substituted to different phenyl rings of the fluorene moiety.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventors: Chengjiu Wu, Jianhui Shan, Ajay Nahata
  • Patent number: 5663290
    Abstract: A novel process has been developed for the crystallization of poly(ethylenenaphthalenedicarboxylate) (PEN) and its copolymers. The process comprises the step of maintaining the amount of water in said poly(ethylenenaphthalenedicarboxylate) below a critical moisture content ceiling throughout processing such that a separate drying step is not required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: William Herbert Heise, Joseph Franklin Knight, Michael Alan Williams, Earl Edmondson Howell, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5652320
    Abstract: The present invention provides an novel polymer having 1-2,000 equivalents of an N-sulfoamino group/10.sup.6 g of weight of the polymer.The polymer has excellent dispersibility of inorganic fine particles, hygroscopicity, and dye-affinity. The polymer provides a binder resin in which a magnetic or non-magnetic metal or metal oxide can highly be dispersed. The polymer also provides a magnetic recording medium which is excellent in electromagnetic conversion characteristic, surface smoothness, adhesion to non-magnetic substrates, and durability. The polymer provides a magnetic recording medium with improved travelling, travelling durability, signal-to-noise ratio, and drop-out. The polymer also provides a polyester fiber which has a high fiber strength and an excellent hygroscopicity and can be colored with cationic dyes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Sanyo Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Takashi Takemoto, Toshiro Shimada, Hiroshi Itayama
  • Patent number: 5646237
    Abstract: This invention relates to linear, water-dispersible sulfopolyesters that incorporate higher order polyalkylene glycol units. The sulfopolyesters provide improved abrasion and blocking resistances in polyester fiber sizing applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott Ellery George, Edgar William Lefler, IV, James Marshall Spain, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5644005
    Abstract: A biodegradable block copolymer made from the transesterfication of a poly(propylene fumarate) prepolymer and a poly(ethylene oxide) prepolymer. The block copolymer poly(propylene fumarate -co- ethylene oxide) is capable of crosslinking at body temperature. Crosslinking requires an appropriate crosslinking monomer and an initiator. The biodegradable block copolymer has utility as a vascular implant became it can be injected as a fluid into the vascular system and crosslinked in situ.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Assignee: Rice University
    Inventors: Laura J. Suggs, Richard G. Payne, Michael J. Yaszemski, Antonios G. Mikos
  • Patent number: 5644004
    Abstract: A novel and safe ethylenically unsaturated peroxyester composition derived from an ethylenically unsaturated dicarboxylic acid is provided, as well as processes for making and using the composition. The peroxyester composition comprises about 0.04 to about 0.70 mole fraction of a first component compound having a formula I: ##STR1## about 0.32 to about 0.50 mole fraction of a second component compound having a formula II: ##STR2## about 0.04 to about 0.70 mole fraction of a third component compound having a formula III: ##STR3## wherein Q is an unsaturated ethylene divalent radical and R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are organic substituents. Polymeric-peroxides are prepared via polymerizing the peroxyester compositions. The peroxyester compositions are also used for curing unsaturated polyester resins and for initiating polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Assignee: Elf Atochem North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Jose Sanchez
  • Patent number: 5639801
    Abstract: An anhydride-containing thermoplastic resin such as a styrene maleic anhydride copolymer is processed in a vented extruder in the present of a nitrogenous chemical blowing agent to both imidize at least a portion of the anhydride groups and remove volatile residues such as unreacted styrene monomer from the resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Nova Chemicals Inc.
    Inventors: Ramesh Mallikarjun, William J. Cleland
  • Patent number: 5613494
    Abstract: Polycondensates which contain tartaric acid derivatives, processes for their preparation and use thereof.The invention relates to polycondensates which consist of at least 95 mol % of recurring structural units of the formula I ##STR1## where R.sup.1 is a 2,3-O-alkylidenetartaric acid derivative (II) or furo[2,5] (V), alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, aryl or a heterocycle, X is --O-- --NH-- or --S-- and R.sup.2 is 2,3-O-alkylidene-L-threitol (III) or a compound of the formula VI, alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, aryl or a heterocycle, with the proviso that more than 5 mol % of the radicals R.sup.1 and/or R.sup.2 are present in the polycondensate of the formula I, where R.sup.1 is compound of the formula II or R.sup.2 is a compound of the formula III or R.sup.1 is a compound of the formula II and R.sup.2 is a compound of the formula III, or in which more than 5 mol % of the radicals R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are present in the polycondensate of the formula I, wherea) R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1997
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Volker Krone, Michael Magerstadt, Axel Walch, Gunter Ditzinger, Norbert Lill
  • Patent number: 5614299
    Abstract: The heat-resistant unsaturated polyester resin composition of the present invention consists essentially of (a.sub.1) an unsaturated polyester which is obtained by the reaction of (.alpha..sub.1) a polybasic acid component containing at least an ethylenic unsaturated polybasic acid with (.alpha..sub.2) a polyhydric alcohol component, and (a.sub.2) a diluent monomer component for the unsaturated polyester, wherein the polyhydric alcohol component (.alpha..sub.2) contains 2-methyl-1,3-propanediol and 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol in the total amount of 50 mol % or more, and 2-methyl-1,3-propanediol and 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol are in the molar ratio of 9:1 to 5:5. The fiber-reinforced composite material of the present invention comprises the above resin composition and reinforcing fibers. The molded article manufactured using this composite material exhibits excellent strength and rigidity even under high temperatures of over 200.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1997
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho
    Inventors: Koji Yamamoto, Takeshi Kuri
  • Patent number: 5612444
    Abstract: A two-step process for making polyetherester resins is disclosed. A low molecular weight polyol reacts with an aromatic dicarboxylic acid in step one to produce a polyester intermediate. In step two, the polyester intermediate reacts with an anhydride or an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid in the presence of an insertion catalyst to produce a polyetherester resin that contains greater than about 10 wt. % of recurring units derived from the aromatic dicarboxylic acid. The polyetheresters are useful for making thermoset resins with excellent mechanical properties and chemical resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 18, 1997
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Gangfeng Cai, Lau S. Yang, Jeffrey A. Klang
  • Patent number: 5612425
    Abstract: Molding compositions based on polyaryl ethers A, are obtainable by reacting polyaryl ethers I with repeating structural elements ##STR1## or derivatives thereof substituted by C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkyl, alkoxy, aryl, chlorine or fluorine in the nucleus, where X and Z, independently of one another, are each --SO.sub.2 --, --O--, --S--, >C.dbd.O a chemical bond or --CRR'--, R and R' are each hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 -alkyl or alkoxy, R' is also aryl or fluoro- or chloro-substituted aryl, with the proviso that X and Z are not both --O--, with a reactive compound which, besides a C--C double or triple bond, contains one or more carbonyl, carboxylic acid, carboxylate, acid anhydride, amide, imide, carboxylic ester, amino, hydroxyl, epoxy, oxazoline, urethane, urea, lactam or halobenzyl moieties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 18, 1997
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Martin Weber, Klaus Muehlbach, Eckhard M. Koch
  • Patent number: 5610205
    Abstract: A process for making polyetheresters is disclosed. A polyether is reacted with a carboxylic acid in the presence of a strong protic acid or a metal salt of a strong protic acid to promote insertion of the carboxylic acid into polyether carbon-oxygen bonds to produce a polyetherester. The polyetheresters are useful for various applications in the polyurethane and unsaturated polyester industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1997
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Lau S. Yang, Jeffrey A. Klang
  • Patent number: 5597651
    Abstract: Multi-component composites containing a linear polyester of an alkyl glycol and an aromatic diacid as one component, rubber as a second component, and a third component which is a compatibilizing polyester (polystyrene copolymer).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1997
    Assignee: Hoechst Celanese Corp.
    Inventors: Eui W. Choe, Charles E. Forbes, Jennifer A. Filbey, Stephan F. Sherriff
  • Patent number: 5591809
    Abstract: The present invention provides novel one-step processes for preparing highly branched macromolecule polymers that have highly controlled molecular architectures. The process comprises the reaction of a branching monomer such as a substituted phenyl compound having the formula: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 are defined herein, with a core monomer and an end-capping monomer, such as a phenolic ester, for a sufficient period of time and at a sufficient temperature to directly produce the highly branched polymer, in a single processing step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Assignee: Hoechst Celanese Corporation
    Inventors: Richard Vicari, Kathleen N. Juneau, Carl D. Murphy
  • Patent number: 5587007
    Abstract: The specification describes a method for preparing a phenol-modified dicyclopentadiene resin. The method comprises reacting (a) dicyclopentadiene, (b) a phenol selected from the group consisting of an alkyl phenol having the formula CH.sub.3 C.sub.n H.sub.2n C.sub.6 H.sub.4 OH, where n is from 1 to 9, and a bisphenol having the formula HOC.sub.6 H.sub.4 (CR.sub.2).sub.x C.sub.6 H.sub.4 OH, where R is independently hydrogen or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl group and x is from 1 to 4, or mixtures thereof; (c) a fatty acid or a derivative thereof selected from the group consisting of tall oil, a tall oil derivative, dimer fatty acid, linseed oil and mixtures thereof; and (d) an unsaturated organic diacid or an anhydride thereof, at a temperature and autogenous pressure sufficient to produce a phenol-modified dicyclopentadiene resin. The resin product exhibits improved compatibility with ink vehicles and formulations, particularly ARLO or alkyd modified inks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1996
    Assignee: Arizona Chemical Company
    Inventor: Daniel R. Curvin
  • Patent number: 5569737
    Abstract: A process for making polyetheresters is disclosed. A polyether is reacted with a carboxylic acid in the presence of a strong protic acid or a metal salt of a strong protic acid to promote insertion of the carboxylic acid into polyether carbon-oxygen bonds to produce a polyetherester. The polyetheresters are useful for various applications in the polyurethane and unsaturated polyester industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Lau S. Yang, Jeffrey A. Klang
  • Patent number: 5548059
    Abstract: Unsaturated linear polymers have repeating units of a reaction product of a first monomer, a second monomer, a third monomer and optionally a fourth monomer. The linear polymers have a glass transition temperature ranging from about 52.degree. C. to about 61.degree. C. The first monomer should have a weight average molecular weight less than 200. The second monomer may be a dicarboxylic acid or diester which is different than the third monomer. A concentration of second residues of the polymer, derived from the second monomer, ranges from about 3 wt. % to about 15 wt. %, based on the total weight of the polymer. The third monomer is an aromatic dicarboxylic acid or an ester thereof. In the polymer, a concentration of third residues, derived from the third monomer, ranges from about 40 wt. % to about 55 wt. %, based on the total weight of the polymer. The fourth monomer is a diol having a higher molecular weight than the first monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1996
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Robert D. Bayley, Carol A. Fox, Thomas R. Hoffend, Hadi K. Mahabadi, Enno E. Agur, Guerino Sacripante, Michael S. Hawkins
  • Patent number: 5523380
    Abstract: A polymer comprising an .alpha.-glycol structure unit ##STR1## and a carboxylic acid-based structure unit ##STR2## provides superior results with respect to dispersibility, a chelating ability and a viscosity-stabilizing effect and is useful as a detergent builder, pigment- and cement-dispersing agents, a hydrogen peroxide stabilizer and a gas barrier agent. This polymer can further comprise the following lactone structure unit. ##STR3## This polymer can be produced by copolymerizing a conjugated diene monomer and a carboxylic acid-based monomer and oxidizing a copolymer obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: Nippon Shokubai Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideyuki Tahara, Hiroshi Itoh, Keiji Kofuji, Masahito Takagi
  • Patent number: 5519107
    Abstract: Novel polyesters prepared from a diol, a dicarboxylic acid or ester forming reactive derivative thereof and an aromatic amino acid, ester or alcohol are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: John A. Tyrell, Gary F. Smith
  • Patent number: 5512633
    Abstract: Copolymers of vinyl aromatic monomers and propoxylated allyl alcohols having an average of 2 or less oxypropylene groups are disclosed. The copolymers, which have hydroxyl numbers of 80-260 mg KOH/g and number average molecular weights from 500-3500, are particularly useful for polyurethanes, alkyd resins and coatings, melamine-based coatings, and unsaturated polyester resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Assignee: Arco Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventor: Shao-Hua Guo
  • Patent number: 5510453
    Abstract: The invention relates to novel branched polyesters containing allyl groups, which polyesters are water-emulsifiable, and their use as raw materials for lacquers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: Wolff Walsrode Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Burkhard Kressdorf, Erhard Luhmann, Wolfgang Dannhorn, Lutz Hoppe
  • Patent number: 5505784
    Abstract: The invention relates to polycondensates which consist of at least 95 mol % of recurring structural units of the formula I ##STR1## where R.sup.1 is a 2,3-O-alkylidenetartaric acid derivative (II) or furo[2,5] (V), alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, aryl or a heterocycle, X is --O--, --NH-- or --S-- and R.sup.2 is 2,3-O-alkylidene-L-threitol (III) or a compound of the formula VI, alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, aryl or a heterocycle, with the proviso that more than 5 mol % of the radicals R.sup.1 and/or R.sup.2 are present in the polycondensate of the formula I, where R.sup.1 is compound of the formula II or R.sup.2 is a compound of the formula III or R.sup.1 is a compound of the formula II and R.sup.2 is a compound of the formula III, or in which more than 5 mol % of the radicals R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are present in the polycondensate of the formula I, wherea) R.sup.1 is a compound of the formula V and R.sup.2 is a compound of the formula VI, orb) R.sup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1996
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Volker Krone, Michael Magerstadt, Axel Walch, Gunter Ditzinger, Norbert Lill
  • Patent number: 5504158
    Abstract: There is provided in accordance with the present invention polyphenylene ether/polyalkyleneterephthalamide compositions of high dimensional stabilities that are suitable for high temeprature applications comprising from about 20 to about 70 weight % of a functionalized polyphenylene ether; from about 20 to about 70 weight % of a polyalkyleneterephthalamide, wherein the polyalkyleneterephthalamide is derived from terephthalic acid and an .alpha.,.omega.-alkanediamine having 10 to 14 methylene groups; and from about 0 to about 20 weight % of a functionalized elastomeric polymer, wherein the blend absorbs less than 2 wt % of moisture and has a dimensional growth in water of less than 0.5%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1996
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventors: Murali K. Akkapeddi, Jeffrey H. Glans
  • Patent number: 5502118
    Abstract: Polymer salts whose anionic component is a polyester which comprises the product of reaction of the individual components a), b) and c) and if desired d) and if desired e), wherea) is a dicarboxylic acid or a reactive derivative of a dicarboxylic acid, being free from sulfo groups,b) is a difunctional aromatic, aliphatic or cycloaliphatic sulfo compound whose functional groups are hydroxyl or carboxyl, or hydroxyl and carboxyl,c) is an aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic diol, a polyetherdiol or a polycarbonatediol,d) is a polyfunctional compound (functionality>2) whose functional groups are hydroxyl or carboxyl, or hydroxyl and carboxyl, ande) is a monocarboxylic acidand whose cationic component comprises hydrogen atoms, metal cations, substituted ammonium cations, immonium cations, guanidinium cations, phosphonium, arsonium or stibonium cations or a mixture of the abovementioned cations, are suitable as charge control agents and charge improvers in electrophotographic toners and developers, in triboele
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1996
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hans-Tobias Macholdt, Ru/ diger Bauer, Joachim Zo/ ller
  • Patent number: 5494964
    Abstract: Polyester resins suitable as binders for electrophotographic toners and for acceptor layers for the thermal diffusion printing process based on hydroxyl-containing prepolymers of olefinically unsaturated monomers obtained by(1) polymerization of a mixture of(a) from 60 to 90% by weight of styrene or of a styrene derivative,(b) from 0 to 40% by weight of one or more C.sub.1 -C.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Georg Meichsner, Thomas Wuensch, Rainer Dyllick-Brenzinger
  • Patent number: 5474854
    Abstract: The invention is a polyester composition containing crosslinked polymer particles with ester bonds at the main chain. The particles are excellent in affinity to polyesters, and so the films formed from the polyester compositions do not have the particles falling off during high speed running, and do not have flaws in the film surfaces. The invention can prevent the generation of white powder and the flaws of magnetic faces caused by falling-off particles, and prevent the contamination in the production of films, even though these are problems caused when various conventional particles are added, and is especially suitable for use as products such as magnetic films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 12, 1995
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Nobuyuki Kagami, Masatoshi Aoyama, Masaru Suzuki, Keisuke Oshima
  • Patent number: 5456947
    Abstract: A determined amount of at least C.sub.8 dicarboxylic functional unsaturated anhydride or acid, excluding polymeric anhydrides and acids, is incorporated in an unsaturated polyester resin which comprises (1) a condensation polymer which is the reaction product of: (a) dicarboxylic acid, at least a portion of which contains ethylenic unsaturation, with (b) dihydric alcohols; and (2) an alpha-beta-ethylenically unsaturated copolymerizable monomer, to provide modified polyester resins for curable polyester resin systems having improved cohesive and adhesive strengths of the cured resin and improvement in adhesion of such systems to a wide range of substrates, especially substrates considered extremely difficult to bond to, viz., hot dipped galvanized steel, stainless steel, copper, bronze, tin, aluminum, solder, brass and glass (silicon oxide), while also reducing or effectively eliminating retardation of cure by the presence of galvanized (zinc) coated steel or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1995
    Assignee: Fibre Glass-Evercoat Company, Inc.
    Inventors: David M. Parish, John A. Hatton, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5451667
    Abstract: Fumaric acid derivatives of the formula ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is a hydrogen atom, a C.sub.1 -C.sub.8 alkyl group or a metallic cation, andR.sub.2 is a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic C.sub.6 -C.sub.24 alkyl group, psoralen-9-yl, retinyl, .alpha.-tocopheryl (vitamin E), calciferyl, corticosteroid-21-yl or monosaccharid-.omega.-yl; a group of fumaric acid derivatives based on glycerol, alkane diol or polyol molecules; and fumaric acid derivatives of the formula ##STR2## wherein n is an integer from to 30 to 260,R.sub.3 is a hydrogen atom or a C.sub.1 -C.sub.3 alkyl group,R.sub.4 is one of the R.sub.3 groups and n is the number of molecule repetitions, processes for their production and compositions containing same are described. These compounds are useful as drugs for the treatment of cryptogenically-caused diseases and have antisporiatic as well as antimicrobial action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Inventors: Peter P. Speiser, Rajendra K. Joshi
  • Patent number: 5451656
    Abstract: Polyester polymers having pendant carbamate groups are disclosed. The polymers are prepared by:(a) reacting a hydroxyalkyl cyclic carbonate with ammonia, ammonium hydroxide, or a primary amine to form a dihydric alcohol having a carbamate group appended thereto,(b) reacting the dihydric alcohol from (a) and a cyclic anhydride to form a half-ester diacid having a carbamate group appended thereto, and(c) reacting a mixture comprising the half-ester diacid from step (b) and a polyol to form a polyester having carbamate groups appended thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Assignee: BASF Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory L. Menovcik, Walter H. Ohrbom
  • Patent number: 5442037
    Abstract: A shape-memory polyester prepolymer is prepared with at least one kind of dicarboxylic acid component and at least one kind of diol, triol or polyol component in such a way to have unsaturated end group, wherein the dicarboxylic acid component comprises aromatic dicarboxylic acid in an amount of not less than 80% by mole based on the total mole of the dicarboxylic acid component; the diol component comprises a diol containing 2-10 carbon atoms in an amount of not less than 80% by mole based on the total mole of the diol component; a repeating unit of the ester bond ranging in number from 2 to 50; and the end group has crosslinkable, ethylenically unsaturated bond. The prepolymer shows particularly excellent heat resistance and excellent chemical resistance and also exhibits excellent transparency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 15, 1995
    Assignee: Tong Yang Nylon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chang-Hwang Lee, Jae-Yeon Hwang, Byeong-Seok Chae
  • Patent number: 5436314
    Abstract: A process for making polyetheresters is disclosed. A polyether is reacted with a carboxylic acid in the presence of a strong protic acid or a metal salt of a strong protic acid to promote insertion of the carboxylic acid into polyether carbon-oxygen bonds to produce a polyetherester. The polyetheresters are useful for various applications in the polyurethane and unsaturated polyester industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Lau S. Yang, Jeffrey A. Klang
  • Patent number: 5436103
    Abstract: Modified unsaturated linear polymers have at least a first residue, a second residue and an acid residue. The first, second and acid residues correspond to a first, second and acid monomers used to prepare the polymers. The first monomer may be a diacid, anhydride, diacid ester or mixture thereof. The second monomer may be a diol or glycol. The acid monomer may be an aromatic dicarboxylic acid, different than the first monomer. The first residue is present in a concentration not less than about 7.5 mole % and the acid residue is present in a concentration ranging between 2.5 mole % and 12.5 mole %, based on the total mole monomer ratio of the polymer. The polymers have a glass transition temperature ranging from about 54.degree. C. to about 64.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Robert D. Bayley, Carol A. Fox, Thomas R. Hoffend, James R. Paxson
  • Patent number: 5436313
    Abstract: An improved process for making polyetheresters is disclosed. A polyether is reacted with an anhydride in the presence of a strong protic acid or a metal salt of a strong protic acid in an amount effective to promote insertion of the anhydride into carbon-oxygen bonds of the polyether to produce the polyetherester. Polyetheresters made by the process of the invention are useful in a wide variety of applications, particularly in the polyurethane and unsaturated polyester industries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 25, 1995
    Assignee: ARCO Chemical Technology, L.P.
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Klang, Lau S. Yang