Ethyl Patents (Class 536/100)
  • Patent number: 11161917
    Abstract: A method for producing a cellulose derivative, including reacting a mixed acid anhydride having two particular types of acyl groups with cellulose in the presence of a base catalyst in an organic solvent having an electron pair-donating property to form a cellulose derivative with the two types of acyl groups derived from the mixed acid anhydride, the acyl groups being introduced at hydroxy groups in the cellulose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignee: NEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shukichi Tanaka, Kiyohiko Toyama, Masatoshi Iji
  • Patent number: 10925991
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of air freshener. It relates more particularly to a gel composition which allows for an effective and prolonged evaporation of an active volatile ingredient contained therein. The gel device of the present invention comprises an active volatile ingredient and a gelling agent essentially formed of cellulose, hemicellulose and pectin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: Firmenich SA
    Inventors: Rutger Van Sleeuwen, Anaick Nicolae, Gerald Allison, Valery Normand
  • Patent number: 10881124
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing an alkyl cellulose having a high viscosity and not having an excessively high gel strength. More specifically, there is provided a method for producing an alkyl cellulose comprising the steps of: mixing a cellulose pulp with a first alkali metal hydroxide solution with stirring to obtain alkali cellulose; reacting the alkali cellulose with an alkylating agent to obtain a first reaction mixture; blending a second alkali metal hydroxide solution with the first reaction mixture with stirring, without further blending of the alkylating agent, to obtain a second reaction mixture; and purifying the second reaction mixture to obtain an alkyl cellulose. There is also provided an alkyl cellulose being produced by the above method and having a degree of substitution of alkyl group of 27 to 33% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignees: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd., SE Tylose GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Akira Kitamura, Atsushi Yamamoto, Mitsuo Narita, Heiko Nebel, Andreas Schultz
  • Patent number: 10851179
    Abstract: Methods for the cross-metathesis of polysaccharides with one or more olefin-terminated side chains and cross-metathesized products are described. In an exemplary embodiment, a method for the synthesis of cellulose ?-carboxyesters via olefin cross-metathesis with acrylates is described. Conditions of the reactions were relatively mild and the olefin-substituted polysaccharides and the appropriate acrylate partners appear to follow Grubbs rules as summarized herein. Additionally, a method of hydrogenation of the cross-metathesized product is described. The compounds and methods may be useful for waterborne coating applications, adhesives, lubricants, or any product in need of dispersion in an aqueous media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin J. Edgar, Xiangtao Meng, Yifan Dong
  • Patent number: 10463606
    Abstract: The invention is directed to the use of alternan as texturizing agent, particularly as fat or oil replacer in foodstuffs or cosmetic preparations, a homogeneous composition comprising alternan and water, the use of the homogeneous composition as texturizing agent in foodstuffs or cosmetic preparations, and foodstuffs and cosmetic preparations comprising alternan as texturizing agent or a homogeneous composition comprising alternan.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2019
    Assignee: BAYER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY GMBH
    Inventors: Claus Frohberg, Jens Pilling
  • Patent number: 10442870
    Abstract: Provided is a novel cellulose derivative having excellent water resistance. This is a cellulose acylate oxoalkanoate which is a cellulose derivative corresponding to cellulose, except with substituents replacing part or all of hydrogen atoms in the hydroxy groups of the cellulose. The substituents includes a group represented by General Formula (1) and a group represented by General Formula (2). The cellulose acylate oxoalkanoate has a degree x of substitution with the group represented by General Formula (1), a degree y of substitution with the group represented by General Formula (2), and a degree z of unsubstitution, where x, y, and z meet conditions specified by Expressions (A), (B), and (C): 0.1?x?2.99??(A) 0.01?y?2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: DAICEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomohiro Hashizume, Shizuka Ukita, Shu Shimamoto, Toshikazu Nakamura
  • Patent number: 10100168
    Abstract: The inventions is directed to a method for recovering support materials used in an additive manufacturing process. The method comprises exposing a precursor additive manufactured article comprised of a water soluble support polymer and an insoluble material to water. The water soluble support polymer is dissolved in the water. The remaining article is then removed from the water. The dissolved water soluble polymer is precipitated from the water. The precipitated polymer is separated from the water and any remaining water removed to recover the water soluble support polymer. The recovered water soluble support polymer may then be re-used to make further additive manufactured articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Roland Bayer, Scott T. Matteucci, Aleksander J. Pyzik, Sharon Allen, Mary Anne Leugers, Daniel L. Dermody, Robert S. Moglia
  • Patent number: 10035728
    Abstract: A concrete composition is obtained by dry mixing cement and an aggregate, adding thereto a water dispersion which is preformed by dispersing a low substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose having a hydroxypropoxy substitution of 5-16 wt % in the form of fibrous particles having an aspect ratio of 4-7 in water, and mixing the ingredients. Because of reduced drying shrinkage, only a little drop of fluidity, and proper flow, the concrete composition is useful to form concrete buildings having frost damage resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hidekazu Konishi, Tsutomu Yamakawa
  • Patent number: 9078462
    Abstract: This application relates to compositions comprising whole-tissue potato products with enhanced resistant starch (RS) content and reduced estimated glycemic index values. Methods of preparing and using whole-tissue potato products with enhanced resistant starch (RS) content and glycemic index values are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Assignee: University of Idaho
    Inventors: Kerry C. Huber, Wei Chen Yu
  • Patent number: 9024011
    Abstract: The present technology provides processes for cross-linking cellulose ethers under mild conditions. The processes include exposing a substantially dry cellulose ether film to a polyisocyanate to provide a cross-linked cellulose ether film, wherein the substantially dry cellulose ether film comprises alkoxide groups on the cellulose. The resulting cellulose ether films are highly cross-linked by polyurethane linkages and may be used as membranes in a variety of applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: University of Calcutta
    Inventors: Patit Paban Kundu, Ratan Pal Singh
  • Publication number: 20140179049
    Abstract: Silicon based nanoparticle inks are described with very low metal contamination levels. In particular, metal contamination levels can be established in the parts-per-billion range. The inks of particular interest generally comprise a polymer to influence the ink rheology. Techniques are described that are suitable for purifying polymers soluble in polar solvents, such as alcohols, with respect metal contamination. Very low levels of metal contamination for cellulose polymers are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Inventors: Ha Thi-Hoang Nguyen, Masaya Soeda, Weidong Li, Uma Srinivasan
  • Publication number: 20130324710
    Abstract: There is disclosed a process for the derivatization of cellulose comprising the sequential steps: a) mixing cellulose with a viscosity below 900 ml/g with an aqueous solution to obtain a liquid, wherein particles comprising cellulose in said liquid have a diameter of maximum 200 nm, wherein the temperature of the aqueous solution is below 20° C., and wherein the pH of the aqueous solution is above 12, b) subjecting the liquid to at least one of the steps: i) decreasing the pH of the liquid with at least 1 pH unit, ii) increasing the temperature by at least 20° C., and c) derivatization of the cellulose. Advantages include that there is provided the possibility to derivatize cellulose faster and to a greater extent after the treatment. Further the yield is improved. The product quality is improved and the manufacture is cheaper and easier.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2011
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: HELI INOVATIO HANDELSBOLAG
    Inventors: Gunnar Henriksson, Mikael Lindstrom
  • Patent number: 8541571
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a simple and new method for the homogeneous synthesis of cellulose ethers. Ionic liquids are not only used as solvent, but also as reaction media for the homogeneous etherification of cellulose. The dissolved cellulose is treated with the etherification agent in the absence of organic and/or inorganic bases and in the absence and/or in the presence of moderate amounts of water. The obtained cellulose ethers show new distributions of substitution on the polymer chain, resulting in new properties and applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: SE Tylose GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Eugen Moellmann, Thomas Heinze, Tim Liebert, Sarah Koehler
  • Publication number: 20120183651
    Abstract: A heat resistant chocolate containing ethylcellulose. The ethylcellulose is introduced into the chocolate as a solution in oil or in a non-aqueous solvent, suitably in an amount of from about 1% to about 3% ethylcellulose by weight. Ethylcellulose oleogels may also be used to replace a portion of the oils and fats normally present in chocolate and/or to formulate fillings for filled chocolates exhibiting reduced oil migration. Also provided are methods of making chocolate compositions according to the invention.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 11, 2010
    Publication date: July 19, 2012
    Inventor: Alejandro Gregorio Marangoni
  • Publication number: 20110230655
    Abstract: A process is disclosed for regenerating or derivatizing cellulose. The process comprises the steps of providing a source of unrefined cellulose, and dissolving the unrefined cellulose in a molten inorganic salt. The source of unrefined cellulose may be a biomass, such as wood. The process permits the regeneration or derivatization of cellulose having a high degree of polymerization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Inventors: Jacob A. MOULIJN, Sjoerd Daamen, Paul O'Connor, Rob Van Der Meij
  • Publication number: 20110130360
    Abstract: A water-insoluble cellulose derivative, such as ethyl cellulose is useful for preventing or reducing oxidative stress or oxidative cell injury in tissues of an animal and in particular for influencing the level Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase-1 (SCD1) gene expression or ATP synthase mitochondrial F1 complex assembly factor 1 (ATPAF1) gene expression in non-adipose tissues of the animal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicants: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES INC., UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
    Inventors: Stephanie K. Lynch, Wallace H. Yokoyama, Maciej Turowski
  • Patent number: 7919614
    Abstract: Synthetic polysaccharides are disclosed containing 8-24 monosaccharide units made up of a concatenation of disaccharides consisting of a uronic acid and a hexose, wherein the hydroxyl groups of the polysaccharides are etherified with a C1-6 alkyl group or esterified in the form of a sulpho group, each disaccharide being at least monoetherified; and salts thereof, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Assignees: Sanofi-Aventis, Azko Nobel
    Inventors: Philippe Duchaussoy, Jean Marc Herbert, Guy Jaurand, Maurice Petitou, Constant Van Boeckel
  • Publication number: 20100247664
    Abstract: Water-insoluble cellulose derivatives such as ethyl cellulose can be used to treat or prevent metabolic syndrome and/or one of the abnormalities of metabolic syndrome.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2007
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Inventors: Stephanie K. Lynch, Wallace Yokoyama, Maciej Turowski, Jerry R. Conklin
  • Patent number: 7402668
    Abstract: A process of preparing alkylhydroxyalkylcellulose (e.g., methylhydroxyethylcellulose and methylhydroxypropylcellulose) by reaction of cellulose in the presence of alkali metal hydroxide with an alkylating agent and a hydroxyalkylating agent is described. The process includes: (a) alkalizing cellulose by means of 0.9 to 2.9 equivalents of an alkali metal hydroxide I/AGU of the cellulose in the form of an aqueous alkali metal hydroxide solution, in the presence of a suspension medium containing at least 0.2 equivalents of an alkylating agent I/AGU of the cellulose; (b) reacting the alkalized cellulose of step (a) with alkylating agent I and a hydroxyalkylating agent at a temperature above 65° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2008
    Assignee: Dow Wolff Cellulosics GmbH
    Inventors: Wolfgang Dannhorn, Erik-Andreas Klohr, Martin Kowollik, Hartwig Schlesiger, Jörn-Bernd Pannek
  • Patent number: 7361753
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the production of at least alkylated, non-ionic cellulose ethers, whereby at least 10% of all hydroxy groups contained therein are alkylated and which may flocculate in water, within a temperature range of 45 to 95° C. The invention is characterized in that at least one surfactant in solid, liquid, or solution form is added to the cellulose for production of the cellulose ether.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: SE Tylose GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Alf Hammes, Reinhard Doenges
  • Patent number: 7351422
    Abstract: Proposed is a novel soluble trauma-healing and hemostatic cellulose fiber capable of absorbing and readily dissolving hemorrhaging trauma loci when applied thereto and of promoting the hemostatic action of blood platelets and fibrin and cell adhesion to the trauma site. The coagulation protein-containing soluble trauma-healing and hemostatic cellulose fiber is produced in that after treatment of a natural or regenerated cellulose fiber with an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, said fiber is carboxymethylated by reaction with a monochloro acetic acid solution for a given time (hours) in such a manner that the degree of partial substitution of the glucose units constituting the cellulose molecule (etherification degree) is 0.5-less than 1.0% and that, furthermore, the coagulation proteins fibrinogen, thrombin, and coagulation factor XIII are imparted by surface application or chemical bonding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Hogy Medical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshio Jo, Motonori Aoshima, Koji Tanabe, Koichi Matsushita, Toshiki Inoue
  • Patent number: 7005515
    Abstract: The process for preparing an alkyl hydroxyalkyl cellulose ether comprises the steps of: a) alkalizing cellulose to obtain alkali cellulose, b) reacting alkali cellulose with an alkyl halogenide until an alkyl cellulose ether with a D.S.(alkyl) value of from 0.7 to 2.5. is attained, c) removing excess alkyl halogenide from the reaction mixture, and d) reacting the alkyl cellulose ether with an alkylene oxide in a liquid suspending agent to produce an alkyl hydroxyalkyl cellulose ether. An alkyl hydroxyalkyl cellulose ether is produced which has an D.S.(alkyl) of from 0.7 to 2.5 and an MS (hydroxyalkyl) from 0.03 to 2.0, wherein not more that 15 percent of the hydroxyalkyl groups are capped with an alkyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2006
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies Inc.
    Inventors: Hans P. Schneider, Wolfgang H. Beer, Stephen J. Merryweather
  • Patent number: 6891034
    Abstract: Described is a process of preparing alkylhydroxyalkyl cellulose, e.g., methylhydroxypropyl cellulose (MHPC). The process includes: (a) alkylating cellulose with an aqueous caustic solution containing from 1.5 to 5.5 equivalents of alkali metal hydroxide, e.g., NaOH, per anhydroglucose unit (AGU) of said cellulose, in the presence of a suspension agent, e.g., dimethyl ether, which contains alkyl halide, e.g., methyl chloride, in an amount of from (equivalents of alkali metal hydroxide per AGU minus 1.4) to (equivalents of alkali metal hydroxide per AGU plus 0.8); (b) reacting the alkalised cellulose of step (a) with one or more alkylene oxides, e.g., propylene oxide, at a temperature higher than 65° C., e.g., 85° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2005
    Assignee: Wolff Walsrode AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Dannhorn, Hartwig Schlesiger, Jörn-Bernd Pannek, Gerolf Weissach
  • Patent number: 6849729
    Abstract: Provided is a cellulose polymer having a water retention property, and good feeling upon use when applied to the skin and being suitably used as a carrier. More specifically, provided is a low-substituted cellulose ether powder comprising primary particles wherein at least 95% by weight of the primary particles have an aspect ratio of 1.0 to 1.5. Also provided is a production process of a low-substituted cellulose ether powder having a molar substitution degree of 0.05 to 1.0, comprising, during or after the addition of an acid to an alkali solution of low-substituted cellulose ether to neutralize the solution, triturating a resulting mixture; and spray-drying a resulting dispersion. Further provided is a production process of a low-substituted cellulose ether powder having a molar substitution degree of 0.05 to 1.0, comprising shear-triturating a low-substituted cellulose ether powder in water so as to swell-disperse the powder and spray-drying a resulting dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2005
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Sakae Obara
  • Patent number: 6627751
    Abstract: A hydrophobically modified anionic cellulose ether obtainable by a process comprising reacting an alkali metal cellulose with at least three alkylating reagents A, B, and C. Reagent A is selected from the group of haloacetic acids, alkali metal haloacetates, alkali metal vinyl sulfonates, and vinyl sulfonic acid. Reagent B has the formula R1—(OCH2CH(R2))n—P, wherein R1 represents a C2-C7 group, R2 is hydrogen or a methyl group, n is 0-2, and P represents a glycidyl ether group, a 3-halo-2-hydroxypropyl ether group, a 1,2-epoxy group, or a halide, and reagent C has the formula R3—(OCH2CH(R2))m—P, wherein R3 represents a C8-C30 group, m is 0-10, and R2 and P have the meaning as described above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2003
    Assignee: Akko Nobel N.V.
    Inventors: Jan Gerardus Batelaan, Berend Jan Dijk, Peter Marten Van Der Horst
  • Patent number: 6602994
    Abstract: A method for producing derivatized microfibrillar polysaccharide, including but not limited to cellulose, derivatized by steric and/or electrostatic forces, where the electrostatic forces are provided by anionic charge or by a combination of both anionic and cationic charge, by stabilizing and/or microfibrillating a polysaccharide starting material. A method of modifying the rheological properties of a composition of matter using derivatized microfibrillar polysaccharide. Method of improving coatings, paper manufacture, and the stability of emulsions, dispersions, and foams using a derivatized microfibrillar polysaccharide. Compositions that include derivatized microfibrillar polysaccharide, including paper compositions, comestible compositions, non-comestible spreadable compositions, and emulsions, dispersion, and foams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: Hercules Incorporated
    Inventors: Mary Jean Cash, Anita N. Chan, Herbert Thompson Conner, Patrick Joseph Cowan, Robert Alan Gelman, Kate Marritt Lusvardi, Samuel Anthony Thompson, Frank Peine Tise
  • Patent number: 6482876
    Abstract: The invention relates to an agglomerate containing at least one of the following water-soluble or water-dispersible materials as a bonding base polymer: carboxylized and/or alkoxylized starch, cellulose ether and fully synthetic vinyl polymers and/or polyacrylates. The agglomerate is characterized in that it contains a blasting agent which produces a high swelling pressure, but, advantageously, does not gel. The agglomerate can have a regular geometric form or not. Its weight should be between 0.5 and 500 g. The agglomerate is used in particular in the production of lump-free paste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2002
    Assignee: Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien
    Inventors: Sandra Witt-Nuesslein, Werner Haller, Bernhard Schoettmer, Monika Boecker, Wolfgang Seiter, Ingo Hardacker, Heinz-Peter Hoffmann
  • Patent number: 6392035
    Abstract: The invention concerns reactive cellulose, i.e. cellulose having in particular a very low degree of crystallinity obtainable with a high degree of purity. Said novel reactive cellulose is particularly used as raw material for making cellulose ethers. The invention is characterized in that the reactive cellulose is substituted by organic groups according to a degree of substitution, DS, of less than 0.2, preferably between 0.04 and 0.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2002
    Assignee: Rhodia Acetow
    Inventors: Ties Karstens, Armin Stein, Hans Steinmeier
  • Patent number: 6261218
    Abstract: There is a process for making a cellulose ether. The process comprises the following: a) alkalyzing a cellulose pulp; b) etherifying the alkalyzed cellulose pulp to form a cellulose ether; c) washing the cellulose ether; d) drying the cellulose ether; e) milling the cellulose ether to a particulate form; f) heating the particulate cellulose ether; g) tumbling the particulate cellulose ether while simultaneously contacting it with an acid to partially depolymerize it to a lower molecular weight; h) partially or substantially neutralizing the acid. There is also an apparatus for making the cellulose ether.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2001
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventor: Gary J. Schulz
  • Patent number: 5837864
    Abstract: In a method of producing a suspension of a nonionic cellulose ether that has no turbidity point, the water forming part of the suspension is mixed with a dry mixture containing a cellulose ether, which is cross-linked with glyoxal, and an electrolyte salt. This electrolyte salt consists of a salt of a mixture of salts which, in water and at the concentration employed, results in a pH value below 8.0. Preferably, the cellulose ether is a hydroxyethylcellulose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel NV
    Inventors: Lars Andersson, Peter Bostrom
  • Patent number: 5804166
    Abstract: Disclosed are hair spray compositions containing non-ionic cellulosic ethers in a solvent base containing water and volatile organic solvent wherein the level of volatile organic solvent in the composition is about 80% or less, and wherein the non-ionic cellulose ether is characterized by a solution viscosity of less than about 50 cps at 25.degree. C. for an aqueous solution containing 3 wt. % solids and 55 wt. % ethanol. The preferred non-ionic cellulosic ether is methylhydroxypropyl cellulose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 8, 1998
    Assignee: Hercules Incorporated
    Inventors: Anita N. Chan, Anthony B. Clayton, Jashawant J. Modi
  • Patent number: 5719274
    Abstract: Low molecular weight cellulose ethers which are suitable as a coating material for solid metered units and as an additive in ceramic compositions or cosmetics formulations or as a polymerization auxiliary are obtained by irradiation of a mixture of a higher molecular weight cellulose ether and a base with electrons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1998
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Reinhard Doenges, Diethart Reichel
  • Patent number: 5589589
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for screening cellulose ethers which have a finely fibrous or wad-like or woolly structure, wherein the process comprises the following steps:a) applying the cellulose ether (material to be screened) to a sieve surface,b) dividing the material to be screened into an screenable portion (acceptable size material or material passing through the sieve) and a circulating portion (oversize material or sieve surface tailings) with the aid of an agitated (preferably vibrating and/or tumbling) sieve surface,c) flushing through the agitated sieve surface from below, generally perpendicularly to the sieve surface, with an air flow,d) discharging (recovering) the acceptable size material, ande) discharging the circulating portion from the sieving system.The air flow inhibits clogging or plugging of or matting upon the sieve surface and is preferably directed upward by slit nozzles arranged below the sieve surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1996
    Assignee: Hoechst AG
    Inventors: Manfred Sponheimer, Guenther Welt, Manfred Ziegelmayer
  • Patent number: 5466390
    Abstract: Substantially non-aqueous liquid cleaning compositions comprise a non-aqueous liquid phase, which liquid phase comprises an alkylpolyglucoside partial ether. Specific novel alkylpolyglucoside partial ether are also claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Lever Brothers Company
    Inventors: Mark P. Houghton, Charles C. Verburg
  • Patent number: 5385607
    Abstract: The invention relates to a new class of water-soluble ionic cellulose derivatives and their use as additive for gypsum- and cement-containing compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1995
    Assignee: Wolff Walsrode AG
    Inventors: Rene Kiesewetter, Klaus Szablikowski, Werner Lange
  • Patent number: 5358561
    Abstract: The invention relates to water-soluble ionic cellulose derivatives and their use as additives for gypsum- and cement-containing compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: Wolff Warlsrode AG
    Inventors: Rene Kiesewetter, Klaus Szablikowski, Werner Lange
  • Patent number: 5324823
    Abstract: The invention provides a selective adsorbent for cellular fibronectin (cFN) and a method for fractional purification of FN which includes contacting an FN material containing plasma fibronectin (pFN) and cFN with a crosslinked polysaccharide sulfate and/or an immobilized polysaccharide sulfate to fractionate the pFN and cFN.By the fractional purification method of the invention, cFN and pFN can be fractionated in an expedient manner and with high efficiency and both pFN and cFN can be recovered in high purity and good yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory, Inc.
    Inventors: Kaneji Asakawa, Ryoichi Umemoto, Kazuo Hino, Eiji Sakashita, Takashi Komai
  • Patent number: 5218107
    Abstract: This invention is a process of removing water-soluble impurities from a water-soluble cellulose ether aqueous solution containing such water-soluble impurities comprising treating an aqueous solution comprising a water-soluble cellulose ether and a water-soluble impurity by means of ultrafiltration and diafiltration at conditions effective to produce a treated aqueous solution having a reduced concentration of the water-soluble impurity and an increased concentration of the water-soluble cellulose ether.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventor: Gary J. Schulz
  • Patent number: 5208151
    Abstract: Highly purified derivatives of maltooligosaccharides can be produced at a high yield by reacting, in a mixture of a hydrophilic organic solvent and water, a mixture of maltooligosaccharides or a substance capable of being converted into the maltooligosaccharides upon reaction with an amylase, and an o-glucosyl derivative, with the amylase.The resulting derivatives of maltooligosaccharides are useful as a substrate for the determination of .alpha.-amylase activity in a humor, physiologically active substances, natural dieteic sweetenings, coloring agents and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1993
    Assignees: Nihon Shokuhin Kako Co., Ltd., Yaizu Suisan Kagaku Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Taichi Usui, Teruo Nakakuki, Kazuo Sakai
  • Patent number: 5196527
    Abstract: This invention relates to ion-exchanged fine cellulose particles, porous fine cellulose particles which can be advantageously used as an affinity carrier, and methods of production thereof. These fine particles of the invention have the advantage that they possess excellent pressure-resistant strength and can treat treatment liquors under pressure at a high flowing velocity. Thus, they can be advantageously used industrially in various separation and purification processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1993
    Assignee: Kanebo Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigeru Ookuma, Kouei Igarashi, Masami Hara, Kazuhiro Aso, Hideo Yoshidome, Hiroshi Nakayama, Keizo Suzuki, Kazuhiko Nakajima
  • Patent number: 5093486
    Abstract: A modified cellulose and/or chitin for biocompatible dialysis membranes having a structure represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein cell is unmodified cellulose or chitin, in each case without hydroxyl groups, s=3 in the case of cellulose and s=2 in the case of chitin, R' is CH.sub.3 and/or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and/or C.sub.3 H.sub.7, X denotes specified functional groups, m=0.75 to 2.85, and x=0.005 to 2.10. A process for preparation of the cellulose and/or chitin derivatives is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 5093488
    Abstract: A modified cellulose and/or chitin for biocompatible dialysis membranes having a structure represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein cell is cellulose or chitin, in each case without hydroxyl groups, s=3 in the case of cellulose and s=2 in the case of chitin, R' is CH.sub.3 and/or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and/or C.sub.3 H.sub.7, X denotes specified functional groups, R" is H or R, R"' denotes R, x+t=0.75 to 2.85, t=0 to 2.85, x=0 to 2.85, and r=0 to 1. A process for preparation of the cellulose and/or chitin derivatives is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 5093489
    Abstract: A modified cellulose and/or chitin for biocompatible dialysis membranes having a structure represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein Cell is cellulose or chitin, in each case without hydroxyl groups, s=3 in the case of cellulose and s=2 in the case of chitin, R' is CH.sub.3 and/or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and/or C.sub.3 H.sub.7, X denotes specified functional groups, R" is H or R, Z corresponds to the following groups of atoms: SR", SO.sub.3 H and salts thereof, SO-R, SONR".sub.2, SO.sub.2 -R, SO.sub.2 NR".sub.2, SO.sub.2 H and salts thereof, F, Cl, Br, I, NR".sub.2, PR".sub.2, PO.sub.3 H.sub.2 and salts thereof, PO.sub.2 H(OR), PO(OR).sub.2, PO.sub.2 HR" and salts thereof, POR"(OR) and POR".sub.2, x+t=0.75 to 2.85, t=0 to 2.85, x=0 to 2.85, and z=0.01 to 0.45. A process for preparation of the cellulose and/or chitin derivatives is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1992
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 5008385
    Abstract: Cellulose derivatives are disclosed which have the following formula: ##STR1## wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of alkylene, alkenylene, alkynylene, cycloalkylene or benzylene or xylylene radicals, which may or may not be substituted;X is selected from the group consisting of --H, --NR.sub.2, --N.sup.+ R.sub.3, --CN, --COOH, --SO.sub.3 H, --SO.sub.3 H, --PO(OR).sub.2, CONR.sub.2 or --Si(OR).sub.3 ;R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl groups having from 1 to 25 carbon atoms, and cycloalkyl, tolyl and phenyl groups;Y is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl groups having from 1 to 36 carbon atoms, which may or may not be substituted, cycloalkyl, phenyl, tolyl and benzyl groups, ##STR2## (--CH.dbd.CH--COOH), and NHR, where R has the same meaning as in X, andm=0 to 2.5n=0.01 to 2.95,with the provision that, when m=0, n.gtoreq.1.55, if Y is an alkyl radical with 1 to 5 carbon atoms, 3-(CH.sub.2).sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1991
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 5004808
    Abstract: A product comprising a water soluble, high molecular weight aminoalkyl-derivative of hydroxyalkyl-cellulose. The molecular weight of said cellulose is at least 50,000 daltons. One of the methods to obtain the product comprises reacting a hydroxyalkyl cellulose in a basic aqueous medium, in the presence of halogenalkylaminohalide compounds, to obtain a hydroxyalkyl cellulose having an alkylamino group which can be used as such or further reacted in the presence of an amide reducing agent, for instance sodium cyanoborohydride and a carbohydrate residue selected from the group consisting of mono-, di-, oligo-saccharides and starch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1991
    Assignee: Domtar Inc.
    Inventors: Manssur Yalpani, Magdy M. Abdel-Malik
  • Patent number: 4997935
    Abstract: A modified cellulose for biocompatible dialysis membranes having a structure represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein cell is cellulose or chitin, in each case without hydroxyl groups, s=3 in the case of cellulose and s=2 in the case of chitin, R' is CH.sub.3 and/or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and/or C.sub.3 H.sub.7, X denotes specified functional groups, R" is H or R, R"' denotes R, x+t=0.75 to 2.85, t=0 to 2.85, x=0 to 2.85, and r=0 to 1. A process for preparation of the cellulose derivatives is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1991
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 4992538
    Abstract: Silated polysaccharides having 0.0005 to 2.0 silyl molar substitution per anhydrosaccharide unit form water resistant films when cast from aqueous solution and dried in the presence of atmospheric carbon dioxide. These films are soluble in aqueous caustic. A preferred water soluble polymer is a cellulose ether with 0.005 to 1.0 silyl substitution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1991
    Assignee: Aqualon Company
    Inventor: Arjun C. Sau
  • Patent number: 4981960
    Abstract: A modified cellulose for biocompatible dialysis membranes having a structure represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein Cell is cellulose or chitin, in each case without hydroxyl groups, s=3 in the case of cellulose and s=2 in the case of chitin, R' is CH.sub.3 and/or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and/or C.sub.3 H.sub.7, X denotes specified functional groups, R" is H or R, Z corresponds to the following groups of atoms: SR", SO.sub.3 H and salts thereof, SO-R, SONR".sub.2, SO.sub.2 -R, SO.sub.2 NR".sub.2, SO.sub.2 H and salts thereof, F, Cl, Br, I, NR".sub.2, PR".sub.2, PO.sub.3 H.sub.2 and salts thereof, PO.sub.2 H(OR), PO(OR).sub.2, PO.sub.2 HR" and salts thereof, POR"(OR) and POR".sub.2, x+t=0.75 to 2.85, t=0 to 2.85, x=0 to 2.85, and z=0.01 to 0.45. A process for preparation of the cellulose derivatives is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1991
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 4981959
    Abstract: A modified cellulose for biocompatible dialysis membranes having a structure represented by the formula ##STR1## wherein cell is unmodified cellulose or chitin, in each case without hydroxyl groups, s=3 in the case of cellulose and s=2 in the case of chitin, R' is CH.sub.3 and/or C.sub.2 H.sub.5 and/or C.sub.3 H.sub.7, X denotes specified functional groups, m=0.75 to 2.85, and x=0.005 to 2.10. A process for preparation of the cellulose derivatives is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1991
    Assignee: Akzo N.V.
    Inventor: Michael Diamantoglou
  • Patent number: 4935458
    Abstract: A release agent comprising a polyfunctional alkoxysiloxane and an organic compound which is solid at room temperature and contains a functional group capable of reacting with said polyfunctional alkoxysiloxane, and a composite material comprising a substrate and a cured film of the release agent are disclosed. The cured film of the release agent exhibits high strength and excellent release properties without causing blocking or contamination on an adherent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Kihachi Suzuki, Makoto Sunakawa, Hiroshi Yamamoto