Abstract: A paper size which comprises a stable aqueous dispersion of a reactive size, from 5 to 100% by weight, based on the reactive size, of a substantially linear nitrogen-comprising polymer having at least 3 mmol/g of basic nitrogen atoms, and from 1 to 50% by weight of cationic starch having a degree of substitution of at least 0.05 is described. The paper size has a good sizing effect and a stable viscosity.
November 29, 2005
Date of Patent:
August 20, 2013
Markus Schmid, Roland Ettl, Klaus Lorenz, Rainer Dyllick-Brenzinger, Andreas Brockmeyer
Abstract: Methods for stabilizing chemical compounds, particularly pharmaceutical agents, using nanoparticulate compositions are described. The nanoparticulate compositions comprise a chemical compound, such as a pharmaceutical agent, and at least one surface stabilizer. The component chemical compound exhibits chemical stability, even following prolonged storage, repeated freezing-thawing cycles, exposure to elevated temperatures, or exposure to non-physiological pH conditions.
Abstract: Flavan-based and spirodichroman compound-based phosphate esters prepared by reacting flavans and spirodichroman compounds with phosphorus oxychloride, monophenyl dichlorophosphate, or diphenyl chlorophosphate compounds are described. The flavans and spirodichroman compounds can be synthesized by the reaction of resorcinol with aliphatic acetone. Such phosphate esters can be used as flame retardants.
Abstract: A method for purifying melamine comprising impurities like ureido-melamine, oxotriazines, melam, melem, comprises the step of putting into contact at a temperature comprised between 340° C. and 410° C. and at a pressure comprised between 8 and 17 MPa a melamine melt with a bed of a catalyst thus obtaininig melamine with a purity of at least 99%.
Abstract: The invention relates to the use of ascorbic acid analogs as buffering reagents and chelating agents for the preparation of metalloradiopharmaceuticals. Also, invention relates to the use of ascorbic acid as a buffering reagent, a chelating agent, and a stabilizer for the preparation and stabilization of radiopharmaceuticals and processes for making and using the same.
Abstract: Disclosed is a novel composition comprising a novel bi-cyclic compound, which is expected to be pharmaceutically active, and a glyceride. The stability of the bi-cyclic compound can be improved significantly by dissolving the same in a glyceride.
Abstract: An additive that is used in conjunction with certain dibenzylidene sorbitol-type (DBS) clarifiers and acid scavengers within polyolefin resins to reduce the release of aldehydes from polypropylene material is disclosed. Hydrazides have been shown to be effective at removing residual aldehyde from polyolefins, such as polypropylene. This function can be accomplished with a minimal impact on optical transparent properties imparted to the polypropylene by the clarifying agent. The net effect is an improvement in the organoleptic performance of resins containing clarifiers, and a reduction in the UV-absorbing extractables. Particularly, adipic dihydrazide, when co-compounded into polypropylene homopolymer with 4-methyl DBS, improves the organoleptic performance of the clarifier. Incorporation of dihydrazides into polypropylene pellets reduced air-released aldehyde by nearly 100%.
Abstract: A process for recovering a concentrate of chromans from a distillate containing chromans is provided comprising the steps of: (1) forming chroman phosphates in the distillate; (2) subjecting the distillate to shearing forces, in the presence of a gas of flotation to form a froth; and (3) recovering the froth containing the concentrate of chroman phosphates.
Abstract: The present invention relates to plastics comprising a high molecular weight, sterically hindered amine, wherein the sterically hindered amine is at least one amine from the group consisting ofI: oligomerized 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-20(oxiranylmethyl)-7-oxa-3,20-diazadispiro?184.108.40.206!he neicosan-21-one,II: condensation product of 2-chloro-4,6-di(4-n-butylamino-1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidyl)-1,3,5-triaz ine and 1,2-bis(3-aminopropylamino)ethane, andIII: condensation product of 1-hydroxyethyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-hydroxypiperidine and succinic acid.These plastics exhibit a reduced rate of uptake of sulfur compounds.The invention further relates to shaped articles made from these plastics.
May 10, 1996
Date of Patent:
December 22, 1998
Matthias Zah, Gerhard Pfahler, Karl Gaa, Klaus Keck-Antoine
Abstract: Enzymatically cleavable chemiluminescent 1,2-dioxetane compounds capable of producing light energy when decomposed, substantially stable at room temperature before a bond by which an enzymatically cleavable labile substituent thereof is intentionally cleaved, are disclosed. These compounds can be represented by the formula: ##STR1## wherein: X and X.sup.1 each represent, individually, hydrogen, a hydroxyl group, a halo substituent, an unsubstituted lower alkyl group, a hydroxy (lower) alkyl group, a halo (lower) alkyl group, a phenyl group, a halophenyl group, an alkoxyphenyl group, a hydroxyalkoxy group, a cyano group or an amide group, with at least one of X and X.sup.1 being other than hydrogen; andR.sub.1 and R.sub.2, individually or together, represent an organic substituent that does not interfere with the production of light when the dioxetane compound is enzymatically cleaved and that satisfies the valence of the dioxetane compound's 4-carbon atom, with the provisos that if R.sup.1 and R.sub.
Abstract: Novel compounds of the formula ##STR1## wherein Q, R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are described herein, are disclosed along with pharmaceutical compositions, methods of use, and process for producing compounds of formula I which starts from the corresponding .beta.-hydroxycarboxylic acids.
August 12, 1992
Date of Patent:
November 9, 1993
Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.
Romano Derungs, Hans P. Marki, Henri Stalder, Andre Szente
Abstract: A process for stabilizing dibenzylidenesorbitols comprising incorporating 0.05-20 pts. wt. sorbic acid and/or potassium sorbate in 100 pts. wt. dibenzylidenesorbitol represented by the following formula, ##STR1## and a stabilized dibenzylidenesorbitol composition formed thereby. The storage stability of dibenzylidenesorbitols is thus greatly improved.
Abstract: A process for the preparation of meta-substituted diaryl ethers comprises reacting an ortho-haloaryl compound with a phenol compound in a non-aqueous medium in the presence of an alkaline metal base. In a specific embodiment m-phenoxytoluene is prepared by reacting orthochlorotoluene with phenol in the presence of an alkaline metal hydroxide in a substantially non-aqueous liquid medium.