Interconnected With Cleaning Means Patents (Class 55/287)
  • Patent number: 10022660
    Abstract: A filter system for filtering intake air of a gas turbine is presented. The filter system includes a first filter arrangement. The filter system further includes a second filter arrangement located downstream from the first filter arrangement and having a collection efficiency higher than a collection efficiency the first filter arrangement. Furthermore, the filter system includes a guard filter arrangement located between the first filter arrangement and the second filter arrangement, where a collection efficiency of the guard filter arrangement is lower than the collection efficiency of the first filter arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Nuovo Pignone Srl
    Inventors: Marco Santini, Giorgio Marchetti
  • Patent number: 9938980
    Abstract: A method for measuring air mass flow into a compressor section of a gas turbine engine is provided. Air is introduced into a chamber upstream from an inlet of the compressor section. The chamber includes filter packages with at least some of the filter packages including a flow sensor and a filter structure, the filter structure filtering the air. The flow sensors measure the velocity of the air flowing through the corresponding filter package. A controller uses the air flow sensor signal data to characterize a two dimensional flow field through the chamber. Additionally, a plurality of temperature, humidity, and static pressure sensors are disposed throughout the filter packages. The controller uses the temperature, humidity, and static pressure sensor signal data to characterize a two dimensional density field through the chamber. The controller combines the flow field with the density field to calculate a two dimensional air mass flow field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: SIEMENS ENERGY, INC.
    Inventors: Heiko Claussen, Joshua S. McConkey, Richard H. Bunce
  • Patent number: 9140159
    Abstract: A system includes a particulate matter (PM) filter, an electric heater, and a control circuit. The electric heater includes multiple zones, which each correspond to longitudinal zones along a length of the PM filter. A first zone includes multiple discontinuous sub-zones. The control circuit determines whether regeneration is needed based on an estimated level of loading of the PM filter and an exhaust flow rate. In response to a determination that regeneration is needed, the control circuit: controls an operating parameter of an engine to increase an exhaust temperature to a first temperature during a first period; after the first period, activates the first zone; deactivates the first zone in response to a minimum filter face temperature being reached; subsequent to deactivating the first zone, activates a second zone; and deactivates the second zone in response to the minimum filter face temperature being reached.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Inventors: Eugene V. Gonze, Michael J. Paratore, Jr., Garima Bhatia
  • Patent number: 8876928
    Abstract: A powder processing system having a processing vessel into which powder is pneumatically supplied and an exhaust plenum that communicates with the processing vessel through an exhaust port. A filter is located at the exhaust port for filtering air borne powder from the air flow exiting the processing vessel, and a reverse pulse air filtering device is provided for selectively removing accumulated powder from the filter. The cleaning device includes a nozzle having a first portion within the air plenum and a second portion within the air filter, and a plunger is mounted on the first filter portion for movement to an exhaust port closing position as an incident to the direction of pressurized air through the first portion of the nozzle for enabling pressurized air from the second portion of the nozzle to thereupon be directed through the filter without hindrance of air exiting the processing vessel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Spraying Systems Co.
    Inventor: Joseph P. Szczap
  • Patent number: 8876927
    Abstract: A radiator screen arrangement (10) for a combine harvester is provided. A screen (12) through which air, which is to pass through a radiator, is drawn by a fan. Rotating means (16) are provided for rotating the screen. Blanking means (18), past which the screen is rotated, provides a blanked off area of the screen which is not subject to the induction pressure of the fan and from which particles can therefore be more easily removed. The arrangement is characterised in that the blanking means has a leading edge (18a) which is of generally spiral shape so that the particles on the outer surface of the screen which enter the blanked-off area can reach the outer periphery (12d) of the rotating screen without being exposed to the induction pressure of the fan and hence have an improved chance of being detached from the screen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: AGCO do Brasil Comercio a Industria Ltd
    Inventor: Brian Jay Hollatz
  • Patent number: 8029584
    Abstract: A particularly advantageous vacuum cleaner system has at least two filters and self-cleans its filters via back-flushing, without needing to stop normal operation to self-clean. Also, a self-cleaning valve assembly is provided for use in a vacuum cleaner. Also, a vacuum cleaner is provided that uses permanent, self-cleaning filters, and does not need disposable filters or filter bags, and advantageously can use inexpensive plastic bags. In another vacuum cleaner system, waste is collected in an ordinary plastic bag without any special preparation or modification of the bag being needed. Further, an inventive self-cleaning X-valve assembly cleans itself and is useable in the vacuum cleaner system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2011
    Inventor: Charles A. Castronovo
  • Patent number: 8021467
    Abstract: A cleaning process for filtration material of a gas filter is disclosed. A first step hinders the gas flow from passing through the filtration material by closing the clean gas side of a single segment or a row of filter segments. A second step provides a slow gas flow to the closed filter segments to cause a reverse gas flow through the filtration material. A third step opens an impulse valve for an ultra short time to create a compressed gas impulse for disengaging the particles which did not fall off the filtration material during the second step of the cleaning process. A fourth step shuts off the reverse flow gas supply. A device for separating one or several filter segments from the clean gas side of the filter filtration material is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Inventor: Sebastian Zimmer
  • Patent number: 7892320
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are an automatically replaceable apparatus for collecting byproducts in semiconductor producing equipment and a control method thereof. The apparatus includes several trap units mounted to a vertical shaft at regular angular intervals and rotating in response to a driving direction of a servo motor. Upper and lower plates support the vertical shaft, and connect byproduct inlet and outlet ports, cleaning-water supply and discharge ports, and dry-gas supply and exhaust ports to the respective trap units. Trap and plate coupling means are extended at normal times to air-tightly seal gaps between the upper and lower plates and the trap units, and contracted when the trap units are rotated in a predetermined direction for the replacement. The servo motor is mounted to a lower surface of the lower plate and rotates the trap units within a predetermined angular range. A control unit controls the operation of the components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2011
    Assignee: Milaebo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Che-Hoo Cho, Seung-Il Lee, Young-Jun Yun
  • Patent number: 7494521
    Abstract: A trigger mechanism for a dust filter pulse cleaning system includes a trigger frame, a trigger valve assembly including a reciprocating valve member having a valve head resiliently urged toward a valve seat and a striker head at an opposite end, a trigger arm pivotally connected to the trigger frame and including a cam follower, a twin lobed trigger cam journaled on the trigger frame and engaging the cam follower, and a pinion gear joined to the trigger cam and adapted for engagement with a fixed spur gear mounted coaxially with a rotary pulse cleaning air distribution arm extending from a rotary air tank. The trigger mechanism is mounted on the air tank and rotates therewith. An air release conduit is connected to the trigger valve and causes the opening of a main diaphragm valve to release air pulses from the air tank when pressure is released from the release line. Compressed air within the release line also acts to urge the valve head against the valve seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2009
    Inventors: Michael D. Althouse, Richard Newbolt
  • Patent number: 7438735
    Abstract: A filter apparatus includes a gas-impermeable outer conduit having an open end and a closed end. The interior of the outer conduit is axially divided into first and second sides. A first clean and first dirty flow path are defined within the first side. A first gas-permeable liner separates the first clean flow path from the first dirty flow path and from the open end. A second clean and second dirty flow path, are defined within the second side. A second gas-permeable liner separates the second clean flow path from the second dirty flow paths and from the open end. A control valve connects one of the first clean and second clean flow paths to an exhaust conduit, and connects the other clean flow path to a selectively pulsed supply of cleaning gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2008
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventor: Jeffery P. Kelsey
  • Publication number: 20080115668
    Abstract: A method for cleaning a filter apparatus of a rock drilling rig, a filter apparatus and a rock drilling rig. The filter apparatus comprises several filter units, and the filters therein separate solid matter from the filtering flow. The filter apparatus comprises a cleaning apparatus with a pressure channel enabling to provide the filter unit to be cleaned with a pressure pulse. The cleaning apparatus also comprises mechanical sealing means for preventing the filtering flow through the filter unit to be cleaned during cleaning.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2005
    Publication date: May 22, 2008
    Applicant: SANDVIK MINING AND CONSTRUCTION OY
    Inventors: Ari Haavisto, Kari Juujarvi
  • Patent number: 7326265
    Abstract: The invention concerns a method for cleaning the upstream surface (14) of a particulate filter (10) of a heat engine exhaust line, the filter (20) being arranged in a casing (12) having an outlet (22) for exhaust gases. The method comprises a step which consists in circulating a liquid flux through the particulate filter (10) from its downstream surface (18) towards its upstream surface (14) viewed from the direction of exhaust gas flow in the filter. The liquid flux circulated through the particulate filter (10) has a flow rate higher than 50 litres/minute and is distributed over the main part of the downstream surface (18) of the particulate filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2008
    Assignee: Faurecia Systemes d'Echappement
    Inventors: Jean-Philippe Zilliox, Bertrand Figueras
  • Patent number: 7296402
    Abstract: A diesel particulate filter of a motor vehicle is cleaned of ash, typically using equipment already available in a service shop. The filter apparatus is disconnected from the exhaust system of a motor vehicle. The filter apparatus is reversed and reconnected to the motor vehicle's exhaust system in a configuration opposite to which the filter apparatus was originally connected. The engine is started and allowed to run at a high idle and no load engine speed to blow ash from the diesel particulate filter into the exit tubing. The ash is then collected in an ash collector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2007
    Assignee: International Truck Intellectual Property Company, LLC
    Inventor: Anthony J. Cook
  • Patent number: 7147683
    Abstract: A valve and trigger cyclically connect a vacuum and a blower to a filter. The valve box has three openings, the first connectable to the vacuum, the second connectable to the blower and the third connectable to the filter. A gate inside the box, biased by the blower and the vacuum toward closing the first opening, is held against the bias by a trigger outside the box to close the second opening. The external trigger intervally operates to release the interior gate to close the first opening and open the second opening. The blower operates only if the trigger is operating. The gate is released once for approximately 1/12 of a cycle interval during each trigger operating interval. A plurality of valves can be combined in a system with one trigger for cyclically sequentially connecting a plurality of filters to the vacuum and the blower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: Christy, Inc.
    Inventor: Clinton J. McCutchen
  • Patent number: 7108739
    Abstract: Particle traps are often used to reduce particulate emissions from internal combustion engines to acceptable levels. In order to maintain the particulate traps, they must be periodically regenerated in order to burn off the trapped particles. Strategies for efficiently regenerating the particle traps have been elusive. The present invention separates the exhaust flow into several flow paths. During regeneration, the flow paths are sequentially partially closed, and the particle traps in each of the flow paths are individually regenerated using electrically conductive filter elements. The present invention can be used to effectively filter particles from any combustion process, especially exhaust from internal combustion engines. The particle trap assembly achieves a relatively low pressure loss and efficient regeneration by supplying an oxidizer via a small cross-flow passage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventors: Kartik G. Iyer, Cornelius N. Opris, Owen C. Kolstad
  • Patent number: 6887290
    Abstract: The invention provides a debris separation-filtration unit comprising a housing; an inlet that receives debris-laden air delivers the air in a tangential, centrifugal airflow-forming manner to the interior of housing; an inner shell that includes a number of airflow passageways; and a debris-capturing filter, the sides of which filter are at least substantially surrounded by the inner shell. Due to the formation of the centrifugal airflow and presence of the inner shell in the housing, only a portion of the debris particles entering the unit come in contact with the filter. The invention also provides debris collection, separation, and filtration systems comprising one or more of the separation-filtration units of the invention; debris collection vehicles comprising one or more of such units or systems; and related methods of collecting, separating, and filtering debris.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2005
    Assignee: Federal Signal Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel P. Strauser, Sean Stuart Troutt, Philip Wayne Stein
  • Patent number: 6830599
    Abstract: A valve and trigger cyclically connect a vacuum and a blower to a filter. The valve box has three openings, the first connectable to the vacuum, the second connectable to the blower and the third connectable to the filter. A gate inside the box, biased by the blower and the vacuum toward closing the first opening, is held against the bias by a trigger outside the box to close the second opening. The external trigger intervally operates to release the interior gate to close the first opening and open the second opening. The blower operates only if the trigger is operating. The gate is released once for approximately {fraction (1/12)} of a cycle interval during each trigger operating interval. A plurality of valves can be combined in a system with one trigger for cyclically sequentially connecting a plurality of filters to the vacuum and the blower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Christy, Inc.
    Inventor: Clinton J. McCutchen
  • Patent number: 6749405
    Abstract: A reversible pivoting vane rotary compressor includes a housing having a generally cylindrical chamber defined by an inner wall. A rotor is mounted eccentrically within the chamber to define about the rotor a generally crescent shaped compression chamber, which narrows from a main chamber region to a constricted chamber region, which rotor has a circumferential surface. A pair of reversible intake and exhaust ports are connected communicably with the constricted chamber region. Each port selectively and alternately introduces air into the constricted chamber region while the other port exhausts air from the constricted region. At least one adjoining pair of curved vanes are pivotably attached to the rotor and extend in generally opposite arcuate directions from the rotor into the chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2004
    Inventor: Stuart Bassine
  • Patent number: 6645275
    Abstract: A bag house is mounted on a portable trailer and has a tube sheet with depending filter bags in part defining a first plenum for receiving a gas stream with fines and a second plenum for receiving clean gas from the filter bags. The fines are collected in one or more hoppers below the filter bags. A screw conveyor in each hopper has reverse flighting adjacent opposite ends for conveying separated fines longitudinally along and from adjacent opposite ends toward a central location intermediate the length of the housing. An elevation conveyor having an inlet located in the central location conveys the collected separated fines out of the housing to an external outlet for discharge into a surge operator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2003
    Assignee: Gencor Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: David F. Brashears
  • Patent number: 6572682
    Abstract: A Diesel particulate filter cartridge system for filtering particulate matter and nitrogen oxide from a flow of air containing particular matter includes a filter support plate with a plurality of cylindrical electrically regenerable filter media members connected thereto. A NOx trap is also provided that is either incorporated directly into the filter media members or provided as a separate structure in close proximity to the filter media members. A valve assembly includes a number of independently actuatable damper valves that correspond to a number of through holes in the filter support plate. When actuated, the damper valves limiting flow of air through a corresponding through hole and filter media member connected thereto. An outer housing is disposed about the valve assembly and filter media members to contain them in a compact package. A programmable computer control module shuts off the flow of air through a filter media member and selectively electrically regenerates it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2003
    Assignee: Rypos, Inc.
    Inventors: Klaus J. Peter, Osama M. Ibrahim
  • Patent number: 6458178
    Abstract: The invention relates to a filter dedusting arrangement in a vacuum cleaner, wherein dedusting of the filter or filter-parts is effected by supplying a secondary airflow, in a known manner. The distinctive feature of the invention is that the secondary airflow through the filter for dedusting is controlled so that by utilizing differences in pressure a flap element arranged in a casing abruptly changes its position and opens and/or closes one or more openings in the casing so that the secondary airflow impinges impulsively on the surface of the filter to be dedusted. The impulsive supply of secondary air to the filter produces a much better cleaning action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: WAP Reinigungssystems GmbH & Co.
    Inventors: Klaus Dietz, Silke Meyer, G√ľnther Werbach
  • Patent number: 6375695
    Abstract: Filter has a filter main body, a container, a first counter room, and a second counter room. A counter air is introduced into the first counter room through the counter air discharge valve, and fine particles trapped in the filter main body are removed and transported to the second counter room. Then, the removed fine particles are further transported to a process portion isolated from an exhaust gas passage, and the fine particles are fired in the process portion. Since the process portion is isolated from the exhaust gas passage, the fine particles in the process portion are not returned to the filter main body. Moreover, since the fine particles are transported by the counter air only to the second counter room, it is possible to reduce an amount of the counter air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Minoru Machida, Toshio Yamada, Takeshi Naito, Yukihito Ichikawa
  • Patent number: 6365108
    Abstract: A siloxane filter system for protecting an oxygen probe utilized in an internal combustion engine fueled by bio-gases, the filter system having a stainless fiber filter removably disposed in a housing having and inlet port and an outlet port disposed in fluid communication with an exhaust duct in such a manner as to cause exhaust gases to flow through the housing and filter, the oxygen probe is disposed in the housing down stream of the filter, causing siloxane in the exhaust gases to be deposited on the stainless fibers of the filter and essentially siloxane free gases passes over the oxygen probe extending its useful life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc.
    Inventor: Dale A. Philyaw
  • Patent number: 6120572
    Abstract: A ring-shaped air distribution disc (11) for an air distribution device for providing rinsing air to an air cleaner provided with filter bags is provided. The ring-shaped air distribution disc (11) has a width that slightly exceeds the diameter (d) of at least one aperture (2) for rinsing air. In use the ring-shaped air distribution disc (11) is suspended in a free floating manner in the air distribution device, and is pressed against sealing means (5) of a number of rinsing air tubes (4) by springs (15) supported by a supporting plate (8) positioned underneath the ring-shaped air distribution disc (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Simatek A/S
    Inventor: Arne Jensen
  • Patent number: 6120583
    Abstract: An exhaust gas purifier, having three or more filter units parallel, wherein if at least one filter unit fails during its generation, it is compensated by the cyclic operation of the maining filter units so that the total function of the exhaust gas purifier is practically maintained. Electric heaters 14 are provided for regenerating individual filter units 3, and valves 4 are placed either at the entrances or at the exits of the units 3. While filter units 3 with opened valves 4 trap particulates, at least one filter unit 3's valve 4 is closed to send an electric current into the heater 14 for regenerating the filter unit 3. If the detected current is beyond a predetermined range, the current supply is shut off with the valve 4 still kept closed, and another filter unit 3 is regenerated in the same manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidetoshi Saito, Kenji Matsunuma
  • Patent number: 6117200
    Abstract: A mobile surface maintenance machine has a cleaning brush and a dust collection system mounted on the machine. The dust collection system includes a vacuum fan, a filter housing having an air inlet and a pleated filter element positioned within the housing with its upstream side being in communication with the housing air inlet. The filter housing has separate, side-by-side, chambers on the downstream side of the filter. There are electrically operated valves located in the filter housing on the downstream side of the filter element, with the valves being in communication with the vacuum fan. There is one valve controlling air flow from each chamber. The filter element is functionally divided into separate, but joined, pleated sections, with each section being aligned with one of the chambers. There is an electric actuator mounted on the downstream side of each pleated filter section and there is a pleat moving element associated with and movable by each electric actuator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Assignee: Tennant Company
    Inventors: David W. Berg, Bruce F. Field, Joseph L. Pouliot
  • Patent number: 6090172
    Abstract: The present invention is a filtering unit providing after-treatment of the gases emited in the exhaust of Diesel engines, comprising a filtering set which includes at least one filtering element (11, 12, 13); at least one resistive element (3) which heats a zone (121, 122, 123) of one of the at least one filtering element; at least one detection device which determines fouling of the filtering set (1); a control (5), responsive to the at least one detection device, which controls independently each of the resistive elements, according to the fouling of the filtering set and electrical power available to the at least one resistive element. The resistive elements (3) can be each wound around a zone of a filtering element. The invention further relates to the associated process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Institut Francias du Petrole
    Inventors: Jean-Baptiste Dementhon, Brigitte Martin, Olivier Pajot
  • Patent number: 6090187
    Abstract: Two filters provided in an exhaust path of an internal combustion engine are used to simultaneously collect particulate in an exhaust gas and are alternately refreshed. When a refresh timing of the filters comes, a determination is made as to which of the filters has a larger accumulation amount. The plurality of filters are refreshed in an order from the filter determined as having the larger accumulation amount, and variation of accumulation amounts of particulate of the filters is corrected, so that both of the filters are refreshed within a tolerable temperature range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Yasuaki Kumagai
  • Patent number: 6010547
    Abstract: Disclosed is a counterflow type filter trap system for filtering particulate matters from engine exhaust gases. A controller for receiving and sending information signals, is included. A metal fiber filter for capturing particulate matters included in the engine exhaust gases is provided. A back pressure sensor for sensing pressure difference between the inlet and the outlet of the metal fiber filter, is formed. A compressed air supplying portion is formed for injecting a compressed air in the opposite direction to the flow of the exhaust gases to separate the captured particulate matters from the metal fiber filter. A particulate matters collecting box for collecting the separated particulate matters and a guiding valve for guiding the separated particulate matters are provided. The life of the filter is lengthened and the apparatus has a simple structure. The filtering efficiency of the exhausted fumes is very high.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials
    Inventors: Young-Il Jeong, Jin-Wook Lee
  • Patent number: 5853438
    Abstract: A filter regenerating mechanism for a reverse-cleaning regenerative exhaust black smoke removing system, wherein the air injection quantity is reduced, and the filter regenerating effect is improved to reduce a pressure loss due to the filter. Each time exhaust gas is passed through the filter for a predetermined period of time, a solenoid valve is opened for an extremely short period of time, thereby allowing compressed air to be supplied into an exhaust chamber through the solenoid valve, an air nozzle, etc. so as to flow in a direction reverse to the flow direction of exhaust gas. Particulates deposited on the wall surfaces of first passages in the filter are removed therefrom by the action of pressure waves and cleaning air stream produced upon opening of the solenoid valve, and gravitationally drop into a hopper where they are incinerated. A perforated plate having a large number of small holes is disposed between the air nozzle and an outlet surface of the filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Hino Motors, Ltd.
    Inventor: Tatsuki Igarashi
  • Patent number: 5591240
    Abstract: A novel filtering apparatus particularly adapted for a transportable, modular powder spray painting booth with backflow cleaning capability by having two sets of filters each associated with a separate output chamber such that in normal use, a vacuum draws air from the paint booth through both filters and in backflow use, the same vacuum draws air through one filter in a normal filtering manner but with the air first drawn through the other filter in a backflow manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Inventors: Hermann Ophardt, Heiner Ophardt
  • Patent number: 5584913
    Abstract: A dust collector for removing foreign matter entrained in a flow of transport air, which includes individual pulse jet cleaners for each of a plurality of filter elements, and a second pulse jet cleaning arrangement that is located centrally of the filter elements, preferably in the form of a conduit extending longitudinally parallel to the axes of the filter elements. The filter elements are rotated past the second pulse jet cleaner to enhance the cleaning of the filter elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 17, 1996
    Assignee: Pneumafil Corporation
    Inventor: Roger D. Williams
  • Patent number: 5549734
    Abstract: A bag cleaning apparatus removes caked dust from the bags of a baghouse and prevents the removed dust from being recaptured. The outlets of each bag subject to cleaning and all adjacent bags are closed during the cleaning process and for a sufficient time following the cleaning process to assure that the dislodged cake falls into the lower hopper of the baghouse. Provisions are also made to clean portions of each bag more than others, where necessary, and to vary cleaning among the bags to optimize baghouse efficiency. A reverse air flow cleaning technique is preferably employed because it provides gentler cleaning than other known bag cleaning techniques and thus increases the life of the bags.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 27, 1996
    Assignee: Astec Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas A. Standard
  • Patent number: 5514194
    Abstract: An improvement to self-cleaning gas filters, gas filter-separators or gas filter-coalescer devices is disclosed. The improvement reduces the waste of gas during a self-cleaning cycle, by utilizing a single cage window rather then the usual plurality of cage windows, by a series of mechanical refinements to the internal seals, by improving the manufacturing steps, and by considering gas waste if the internal elements are damaged, during the cleaning cycle, through control of the reverse cleaning gas flow based on differential pressure across the elements that are being cleaned. Some of the improvements are field retrofitable to existing devices whereas other improvements can only be made to the present art during the manufacturing phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Inventors: Charles G. Tullis, Bobby A. Hammer
  • Patent number: 5439494
    Abstract: An improvement to self-cleaning gas filters, gas filter-separators or gas filter-coalescer devices. The improvement reduces the waste of gas during a self-cleaning cycle by a series of mechanical refinements to the internal seals, by improving the manufacturing steps, and by considering gas waste if the internal elements are damaged, during the cleaning cycle, by controlling the reverse gas flow based on differential pressure across the elements that are being cleaned. Some of the improvements are field retrofitable to existing devices whereas other improvements can only be made to the present art during the manufacturing phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1995
    Inventors: Charles G. Tullis, Bobby A. Hammer
  • Patent number: 5247547
    Abstract: A containment, such as a glovebox (3), includes an extract system comprising an extract suction means, a filter housing (4), and a vortex amplifier (1) controlling the extent of suction by the suction means from the containment, wherein the vortex amplifier is removably mounted in an opening in a wall (2) of the containment, and the filter housing is mounted relative to the containment in such a manner that a filter (22) within the housing can be posted through an opening into the containment.The vortex amplifier is removable for cleaning.The filter housing may be mounted on the exterior of the containment in-line with the opening in which the vortex amplifier is mounted whereby the filter can be posted through the opening in which the vortex amplifier is mounted upon removal of the vortex amplifier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 21, 1993
    Assignee: British Nuclear Fuels plc
    Inventor: Raymond Doig
  • Patent number: 4737172
    Abstract: A textile machine filter has its filter surface divided into zones which can be independently wiped by a stripper movable into juxtaposition with the zones or by respective strippers assigned to each one. A common collection space is provided beneath the filter surface to receive the contaminants from each zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 12, 1988
    Assignee: Zinser Textilmaschinen GmbH
    Inventor: Ernst Halder
  • Patent number: 4655799
    Abstract: A cleaning system for dislodging dust from the filter bags of a dust filter having dirty and clean air plenums separated by a tube sheet. The tube sheet is divided into segments each having filter bag openings arranged in the same pattern. An air accumulator tank which continuously receives compressed air is rotated in the clean air plenum with a connected distribution arm which applies air pulses to the filter bags through discharge nozzles arranged in the same pattern as the filter bag openings. A position sensor allows cleaning air in the tank to be applied to the distribution arm only when the arm is aligned above a segment with all nozzles centered on the filter bags. A quick acting diaphragm valve is combined with the air tank to control air flow into the distribution arm at a location adjacent to the arm to minimize the response time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1987
    Assignee: MAC Equipment, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Bosworth, Richard L. Adams, Bruce Wheaton
  • Patent number: 4618352
    Abstract: A dust collector including a plurality of filter units and an arrangement for periodically providing reverse flow through a single filter unit to remove dust therefrom while maintaining normal flow of air through the remaining units. The filter units are connected to a plurality of ducts, and a centrifugal fan is provided for effecting reverse flow of air through the ducts sequentially to remove collected dust from the filter units. A transverse duct extends transversely of and contiguous to the first-mentioned ducts. A plurality of openings are provided for selective communication between the transverse duct and the first-mentioned ducts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 21, 1986
    Inventor: Robert T. Nelson
  • Patent number: 4584930
    Abstract: A ventilation system for a glove box (1) comprising first (4,5) and second (10,14) extract flow lines connected in parallel between a common outlet (15) from the box and a suction pump (6). Each extract line includes a vortex amplifier (3,9) and a filter (11,12). The vortex amplifiers are chosen such that under normal operating conditions the required depression within the box is maintained by flow along the first of the extract lines and a reverse flow from the vortex amplifier in the second extract line passes through the filter in that line and exits through the first extract line without passing into the glove box. The second extract line functions as an emergency extract capability in the event of a breach of the glove box and the reverse flow keeps the filter in the line in a clean and usable condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1986
    Assignee: British Nuclear Fuels Limited
    Inventor: Paul A. Connolly
  • Patent number: 4583859
    Abstract: A filter cleaning system for an opacity monitor which has a light source and a light sensor on opposite sides of a first optical path through a gas whose opacity is to be measured, comprises a mechanism for calibrating the opacity monitor during a calibration period and a purging air arrangement for supplying purging air to pipes in the first optical path to keep the interior of the pipes clean. A primary filter is connected to the blower for filtering the purging air. Three-way valves are connected to the input and the output of the blower so that a secondary filter can be utilized to supply clean air in a reverse flow through the primary filter to clean the primary filter. The primary filter is cleaned during this blow-down period at the same time that calibration is taking place for the opacity monitor. In this way, no measuring time is wasted and still the life of the primary filter is extended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1986
    Assignee: The Babcock & Wilcox Company
    Inventor: George R. Hall, II
  • Patent number: 4560396
    Abstract: A dust collector forming vertically oriented filtering panels with downward flow of dirty gases and a quiet zone below the panels for trapping particulates of dust that have been separated from the gases and passed into the quiet zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 24, 1985
    Assignee: Allis-Chalmers Corporation
    Inventor: Leonard J. O'Dell
  • Patent number: 4515609
    Abstract: A fluid cleaner device to be used for retaining the dust and contaminants of a fluid, such as the combustion air for an internal combustion engine, comprises a plurality of parallel cleaning cells or units each consisting of a main filter for arresting and collecting the dust and contaminants contained in the fluid to be cleaned, and at least one respective safety filter which is able, in the event of a fissure in the main filter to retain the dust and contaminants not collected upstream by the main filter. The safety filter is a structure that when through crossed by the cleaned fluid induces only low pressure losses, but is rapidly clogged by the dust and contaminants passing through a fissure in the main filter, so that the flow of the fluid to be cleaned which escapes the main filter is rapidly stopped and diverted to other normally functioning cleaning units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1985
    Assignee: Donaldson Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Leon Cuvelier
  • Patent number: 4509960
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a dust collector (100). Dust collector (100) has a housing (102) separated by partition (130) into inlet chamber (126) and clean air chamber (128). A clean air drum (140) rotatably supports columns of horizontally extending, filter elements (142). A low pressure, high volume pulse apparatus (10) is operable through blowpipe (148) to sequentially provide a low pressure reverse pulse to a column of filter elements (142) thereby separating any dust cake from them and allowing it to fall into conical portion (106) for removal from collector (100) by air lock (108). The motor (158) which rotates blowpipe (148) also disengageably rotates clean air drum (140) and attached filter elements (142) to align a column of filter elements (142) with door assembly (114) for maintenance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 9, 1985
    Assignee: Donaldson Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Mark R. Engel
  • Patent number: 4500326
    Abstract: An improved method of sequentially cleaning filter elements (14) housed in a plurality of filter chambers (12) collectively forming a fabric filter collection apparatus (10) wherein the cleaning operation is controlled in response to an upper limit of pressure differential across the dust collection apparatus. Whenever the pressure differential across the dust collection apparatus (10) reaches the upper limit value, one of the chambers (12) is isolated, the filter elements (14) housed therein are cleaned, and then the isolated chamber is returned to service. Each of the individual chambers (12) is isolated in sequence and the filter elements therein cleaned with the interval between consecutive isolations and cleanings being the time required for the pressure differential across the dust collection apparatus (10) to again reach the upper limit value of pressure differential.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 1983
    Date of Patent: February 19, 1985
    Assignee: The Air Preheater Company, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas C. Sunter
  • Patent number: 4496377
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a single-chamber or multichamber bag filter apparatus including horizontal and cross-sectionally flatly oval filter bags, each of which being provided with a rigid internal spacing element terminating at a distance before a perforated wall separating the dust gas side from the pure gas side and being loosely supported thereat. The filter bags including the spacing elements are releasably connected at their closed extremity to supports of an auxiliary wall springily mounted in front of the rear wall of the housing, and this auxiliary wall is coupled to an oscillation generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1983
    Date of Patent: January 29, 1985
    Inventor: Adolf Margraf
  • Patent number: 4485622
    Abstract: An exhaust gas cleaning device comprises at least one exhaust gas flowing passage, at least one particulates collecting member composed of two filter elements having different heat capacity, which is disposed within the exhaust gas flowing passage and heating means which is interposed between the filter elements so as to be closely contacted therewith. The filter element having smaller heat capacity is disposed on the upper stream side of the heating means and the filter element having larger heat capacity is disposed on the downstream side thereof. The filter element having smaller heat capacity is rapidly heated by the heating means and the heat of the filter element having smaller heat capacity is transmitted to the filter element having larger heat capacity. All of the particulates collected by the particulates collecting member can be burnt off with excellent heat efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1981
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1984
    Assignees: Nippon Soken, Inc., Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Shigeru Takagi, Yukihisa Takeuchi, Shigeru Kamiya, Masahiro Tomita, Kiyohiko Oishi, Kiyoshi Kobashi
  • Patent number: 4475933
    Abstract: Particle-laden gas passes downwardly through an inlet duct into inlets of several wedge-shaped deceleration chambers formed by vertical plates radiating from a central region below the bottom of the inlet duct. The inner ends of the plates and the inlet of the chambers are vertically below the bottom of the inlet duct. In each chamber the gas first proceeds towards a particle exit at the bottom of the chamber, then reverses direction and passes upwardly into filter units above wider parts of the chamber, depositing some heavy particles near the particle exit. To purge the chambers and filter units, a suction device is connected to an outlet duct and one or more inlets to the chambers are closed off from the inlet duct simultaneously with the particle exit(s) of the same chamber(s) being connected to the outlet duct.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1982
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1984
    Assignee: Air Pollution (Equipment) Limited
    Inventor: Peter R. Piggin
  • Patent number: 4465497
    Abstract: A cyclic or periodic event timing system for use in conjunction with a pressure fluid control circuit includes a cylinder and piston type actuator comprising a differential area piston which is exposed to fluid pressure from a flow conduit on opposite sides of a flow restricting orifice in the conduit or a branch portion thereof. The actuator piston includes a rod portion which is extended in one direction in response to an unbalanced pressure force on the piston. On the extension stroke, the actuator opens a valve to effect flow in the conduit resulting in a reduction in pressure which is sensed in the cylinder chamber exposed to the larger piston fluid area. The actuator piston then returns to an initial retracted position in response to an unbalanced pressure force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1984
    Inventor: David F. Howeth
  • Patent number: 4460389
    Abstract: A device for filtering dust from air drawn by apparatus from a factory shop or building, for example a steelmaking shop, including a plurality of dust extractors which have a total capacity at least equal to the air throughput of the drawn air. The extractors have regulators by which they can be regulated individually or in groups. Preferably each extractor is associated with an individual dust extractor and also each extractor preferably has its own individual cleaning system. The extractors are preferably of the dry filter bag type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1980
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: Verfahrenstechnik Dr.Ing.Kurt Baum
    Inventors: Jorg P. Baum, Theodor Schaffer