Stranded Layer Patents (Class 57/231)
  • Patent number: 11364975
    Abstract: The mooring connector has a hollow body or shell and a central core. The hollow body or shell is formed from an engineering polymer, e.g. polyamide, and is generally cylindrical and has two shell parts. The hollow body has an outer surface and an inner surface. The outer surface has a central groove portion or rope running surface and two outer groove portions or rope running surfaces. The two outer groove portions or rope running surfaces are tapered, such that the outer groove portions are not equally spaced from the central groove portion around the entire circumference of the hollow body or shell. The central core is a solid body that is formed from a metallic material, for example steel. The central core is generally cylindrical and has a shape that is configured to correspond to the shape of the recess of the hollow body or shell. The central core has a central portion and arms that extend from the central portion to outer flanges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2022
    Assignee: NYLACAST LTD
    Inventors: Stephen Banfield, Nigel Briggs, Damien McCormack
  • Patent number: 10604379
    Abstract: A belt for an elevator system includes a tension member extending at least partially across a belt width and extending longitudinally along a length of the belt, the tension member formed at least partially from a plurality of aromatic polyester based fibers, and a jacket material at least partially encapsulating the tension member. An elevator system includes a hoistway, an elevator car located in the hoistway and movable therein, and a belt operably connected to the elevator car to suspend and/or drive the elevator car along the hoistway. The belt includes a tension member extending at least partially across a belt width and extending longitudinally along a length of the belt. The tension member is formed at least partially from a plurality of aromatic polyester based fibers. A jacket material at least partially encapsulates the tension member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY
    Inventor: Chen Qian Zhao
  • Patent number: 9575271
    Abstract: A reinforcing cable for a prestressed concrete structure is disclosed. The cable has an optical fiber entwined between the twisted wire ropes that form the cable. The optical fiber facilitates in situ monitoring of cable integrity by comparing optical signal transmission over time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT LLC
    Inventors: Kenichi Fuse, Machiko Fuse
  • Patent number: 9079301
    Abstract: A pipe flange spreading tool is disclosed. The pipe flange spreading tool includes a pair of wedges and a retainer strap. Each of the wedges has a tapered end, and the tapered end is configured to be forced between two pipe flanges of a pipeline to separate the pipe flanges of the pipeline. The retainer strap connects the pair of wedges. The retainer strap is configured to be looped around the pipeline to retain the pair of wedges with respect to the pipeline during operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Inventor: Arthur Doty
  • Publication number: 20130145740
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method of forming an eye end termination on a rope having a core comprising a plurality of multi-strand subropes, and a rope having a core comprising a plurality of multi-strand subropes and at least one eye end termination. In one embodiment, a method of forming an eye end termination (16) on a rope (10) having a core (12) is disclosed. The rope comprises a plurality of multi-strand subropes (14) each of a first strength, and the method comprising the steps of: coupling a pair of subropes (14) in the rope core (12) together using a multi-strand coupling rope (18) of a second strength which is greater than said first strength, to thereby form at least part of the eye end termination (16). The step of coupling the pair of subropes (14) together comprises splicing a first portion of a coupling rope (18) to one of the subropes in the pair of subropes, and splicing a second portion of the coupling rope to the other one of the subropes in the pair of subropes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Inventor: Neil Schulz
  • Patent number: 8375692
    Abstract: A composite hybrid cord comprising a core comprising of a first bundle of metal filaments and a plurality of cabled strands helically wound around the core, each cabled strand comprising of a plurality of synthetic filaments having a filament tenacity of from 10 to 40 grams per decitex helically wound around a center second bundle of metal filaments. The ratio of the largest cross sectional dimension of the first bundle of metal filaments to the largest cross sectional dimension of the second bundle of metal filaments is from 1.5:1 to 20:1. The synthetic filaments of the cabled strands have an elongation at break that is no more than 25 percent different from the elongation at break of the metal filaments of the first and second bundles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Serge Rebouillat, Olivier Rozant, Frederic Fleury
  • Patent number: 8322765
    Abstract: A sling for industrial lifting comprising a cover having fibers twisted in a first direction; and a load-bearing core within the cover, the core having a helical twist of a plurality of core strands, each core strand twisted in a second direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Slingmax, Inc.
    Inventor: George Frederick Dennis St. Germain
  • Publication number: 20120297746
    Abstract: A rope structure comprising a core component comprising core fibers combine to form a first rope structure and a first cover component comprising first cover strands comprising first cover fibers within a first matrix material. The first cover strands are arranged around at least a portion of the core component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: SAMSON ROPE TECHNOLOGIES
    Inventors: Chai-Te Chou, Greg Mozsgai, Lu Liu
  • Patent number: 8240119
    Abstract: A high-strength cable having a twisted layer of non-metallic reinforcing elements in outer coatings is disclosed. The reinforcing elements include coating elements, fiber elements of copolyparaphenylene-3,4?-oxydiphenyleneterephthalic amide disposed in the coating elements, and filling materials filled between the fiber elements, respectively. The lateral compression stress of the fiber elements of the copolyparaphenylene-3,4?-oxydiphenyleneterephthalic amide is 75 cN/dtex or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Assignees: Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd., Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Fujimoto, Katsuya Sakamoto, Tatsushi Fujimori, Hajime Izawa, Hiroyuki Osawa, Takashi Murashima, Kikuo Hashimoto
  • Publication number: 20120159919
    Abstract: Multistrand metal cord of K×(L+M) construction, which can especially be used for reinforcing tire belts for industrial vehicles, consisting of K elementary strands assembled in a helix, with a helix pitch PK, each elementary strand: consisting of a cord (10) having two layers (Ci, Ce) of L+M construction, rubberized in situ, comprising an inner layer (Ci) consisting of L wires (11) of diameter d1, L varying from 1 to 4, and an outer layer (Ce) of M wires (12), M being equal to or greater than 5, of diameter d2, which are assembled in a helix with a pitch p2 around the inner layer (Ci); and having the following characteristics (d1, d2 and p2 being expressed in mm): 0.10<d1<0.50; 0.10<d2<0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2010
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Inventors: Jacques Gauthier, Henri Barguet, Sandra Boisseau, Thibaud Pottier
  • Patent number: 7926859
    Abstract: A sling for industrial lifting made of a load-bearing core and a cover. The cover protects the plurality of yarns that make-up the core. Each core yarn is made of a number of core threads twisted together. The core yarns are twisted together where the twist is in the same direction as the individual core strands and a different direction than the twist of the cover. The present invention describes the method of twisting the core yarns together by inserting core yarns substantially parallel into a cover that has a twist opposite of each core strand. As the core strands are inserted into the cover, the twists of the individual core yarns interact with the twist of the cove, resulting in the core yarns twisting together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2011
    Assignee: Slingmax, Inc.
    Inventor: George Frederick Dennis St. Germain
  • Patent number: 7918079
    Abstract: A rope with a core and a casing surrounding the core. The core is composed of a multitude of synthetic fibers and the casing is composed of a multitude of synthetic fibers that are interlaced with one another. The synthetic fibers that form the casing are composed of polytetrafluoroethylene and form a lightproof and fluid-repellent envelope for the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2011
    Inventor: Klaus Bloch
  • Patent number: 7862891
    Abstract: The present invention includes a nontwisted composite tether comprising one or more composite rods encased in a jacket and a method for manufacturing same. A portion of the rods may be bundled into one or more strands, provided however that the rods comprising the strands are not twisted into twisted strands in the assembled nontwisted tether. Such untwisted strands, if any, additionally are not twisted relative to each other. Temporary and/or permanent buoyancy may be to the tether. The present invention includes methods for preparing, transporting, and installing a composite tether on a floating platform. The tether, preferably assembled at a waterfront, is launched into the water and towed to an offshore installation site, where the tether is upended and connected via a bottom end connector on the tether to an anchor foundation in the seabed and connected a top end connector on the tether to the floating platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Shaddy Y. Hanna, Mamdouh M. Salama
  • Patent number: 7814740
    Abstract: A cord for rubber reinforcement of the present invention includes a core strand including a plurality of strands (A), and a plurality of strands (B) disposed around the core strand. In the core strand, the plurality of strands (A) are finally twisted, and each of the plurality of strands (A) is formed of a plurality of reinforcing fibers (A) that are primarily twisted. Each of the plurality of strands (B) is formed of a plurality of reinforcing fibers (B) that are primarily twisted, and the plurality of strands (B) are finally twisted to be disposed around the core strand. The direction of final twist of the plurality of strands (B) is the same as the direction of primary twist in at least one strand (B) selected from the plurality of strands (B). The number of primary twists in the strand (B) is greater than the number of primary twists in the strand (A), and/or the number of final twists of the strands (B) is greater than the number of final twists of the strands (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Nippon Sheet Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Hideki Imanishi, Mitsuharu Akiyama, Hiroshi Iizuka
  • Patent number: 7409816
    Abstract: A concentric stranded conductor having a concentric strand having multiple strands. Each strand has multiple single wires. The concentric stranded conductor has a central core strand (5) and a first concentric strand layer (11) having multiple first-layer strands (9) twisted around the central core strand. The twist pitch of the central core strand is from 8 to 70 times the distance between diametrically opposed outer wires of the central core strand, the twist pitch of the first concentric strand layer is from 8 to 30 times the distance between diametrically opposed strands of the first concentric strand layer. |??(?+?)| is 15 degrees or less, where ? is the twist angle of the central core strand and ? and ? are the twist angles of the first-layer strands and first concentric strand layer, and the single wires are made of an aluminum or aluminum alloy to have elongation of 2% or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2008
    Assignee: The Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kyota Susai, Masanobu Hirai, Kazuo Yoshida
  • Patent number: 7337604
    Abstract: An elongation cord adapted for the reinforcement of elastomer structures has a polymer core and three to nine strands twisted around the core with a cord twisting step in a cord twisting direction. At least one of the strands a first group of filaments and a second group of filaments. The first group of filaments is twisted with a first twisting step in a first twisting direction and the second group of filaments is twisted with a twisting step in a second twisting direction. The first twisting step is different from the second twisting step or the first twisting direction is different from the second twisting direction, or both. The first twisting direction is equal to the cord twisting direction and the first twisting step is equal to the cord twisting step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2008
    Assignee: NV Bekaert SA
    Inventors: Stijn Vanneste, Hans Cauwels
  • Patent number: 7147904
    Abstract: An expandable tubular fabric formed by heat setting a plurality of thermoplastic yarns producing drawn thermoplastic yarns, arranging these yarns in an array and in juxtaposed positions and moving them in a first direction. Extruding at least one filament along a circular or other shaped path about the moving array of drawn yarns and causing the extruded filament(s) to bond with the array of yarns. Finally, setting the extruded filament in bonded position with the array of yarns holding them in relative fixed positions and forming the fabric stable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2006
    Assignee: Evelyn Florence, LLC
    Inventor: Julian Crawford
  • Patent number: 7137483
    Abstract: An elevator in which the sheave diameter is reduced and the attendant lowering of the rope life and strength is suppressed to secure safety and reliability. To this end, a rope is used in which a plurality of element wires constituting the wire rope are each covered with resin material and the whole wire rope is covered with resin material, thereby reducing the wear due to slippage between the element wires and the wear due to contact with the sheave, which wear occurs when the rope is entrained around the sheave. When the elevator sheave diameter is reduced, a worried lowering of the rope life can be suppressed or the rope life can be improved. Thus, it is possible to achieve reduction of size and weight of equipment including motors and hoists, installation space saving for elevators, improved safety and reliability of the system by virtue of the increased rope life.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2006
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Kensuke Kato, Takashi Teramoto, Hiromi Inaba, Hiroshi Nagase, Ichiro Nakamura, Yuuji Yoshitomi
  • Patent number: 7127878
    Abstract: A controlled failure rope and method of making the same. The controlled failure rope comprises first and second portions. The first portion is formed of a first material having a first set of tension failure characteristics. The second portion is formed of a second material having a second set of tension failure characteristics. The first and second sets of tension failure characteristics differ such that, when the rope is subjected to tension loads above a tension threshold, the first portion of the rope begins to fail before the second portion of the rope, therefore providing a prior indication of possible rope failure before the rope becomes completed separated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Samson Rope Technologies
    Inventors: Wolfgang Wilke, Sigmunt Nowak, Danielle D. Stenvers, Chia-Te Chou
  • Patent number: 6658836
    Abstract: A hybrid cord is presented for use in the reinforcement of elastomers. The hybrid cord is characterized by having a core steel filament, a first layer of one or more nonmetallic filaments which are wrapped about the steel filament in the core, and a second layer of from 4 to 12 steel filaments which are wrapped about the first layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Gia Van Nguyen, Florence de Boisfleury, Mustafa Goksoy, Robert Edward Lionetti
  • Patent number: 6412263
    Abstract: A reinforcing steel cord for rubber products, such as steel belted radial tires or conveyor belts, is disclosed. This steel cord is improved in rubber penetration and ageing adhesive force relative to the rubber material. The steel cord is formed by twisting a plurality of brass coated external element wires around a flat and spirally twisted core, with the twisted direction of the core being the same as or opposite to that of the resulting steel cord. In the steel cord, the pitch of the twisted core is set to allow the core to be twisted 0.2 to 2 times within the pitch of the cord, thus preferably forming sufficient interspaces between the core and the external wires in addition to the interspaces between the external wires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Hongduk Steel Cord Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Byung-Ho Lee, Seung-Ho Lim
  • Patent number: 6412265
    Abstract: A plurality of perforations 6 has been defined on a plastic tape 5 to be laminated on insulated wire cores 2. Accordingly, intrusions of the plastic tape 5 in between each of pair-twisted sections 4 are elevated in laminating step of the plastic tape 5. As a result, collapses in the pair-twisted sections 4 decrease, and in addition, portions of a tape material corresponding to perforations 6 defined on the plastic tape 5 are replaced by air, so that dielectric constant between conductors of the insulated wire cores 2 decreases, whereby decrease in impedance can be reduced. Thus, a twisted flat cable I exhibiting flexibility and accompanying with no decrease in impedance in laminating step is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2002
    Assignee: Hitachi Cable, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsuhiro Yamamoto, Satoshi Mizushima
  • Patent number: 6401871
    Abstract: A tension member for an elevator system has an aspect ratio of greater than one, where aspect ratio is defined as the ratio of tension member width w to thickness t (w/t). The increase in aspect ratio results in a reduction in the maximum rope pressure and an increased flexibility as compared to conventional elevator ropes. As a result, smaller sheaves may be used with this type of tension member. In a particular embodiment, the tension member includes a plurality of individual load carrying ropes encased within a common layer of coating. The coating layer separates the individual ropes and defines an engagement surface for engaging a traction sheave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2002
    Assignee: Otis Elevator Company
    Inventors: Pedro S. Baranda, Ary O. Mello, Hugh J. O'Donnell, Karl M. Prewo
  • Patent number: 6397574
    Abstract: A synthetic rope has multiple layers of load-bearing aramide fiber strands laid together with a coating on the synthetic fiber strands in the outermost layer of strands. The coating includes an impregnating substance with additives of UV stabilizers, short fibers, and oxidation and reduction blockers to provide reliable protection against environmental influences damaging to the rope, as well as an unchanged adequate resistance of the synthetic fiber rope to abrasion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: Inventio Ag
    Inventor: Claudio De Angelis
  • Patent number: 6364061
    Abstract: A tension member for an elevator system has an aspect ratio of greater than one, where aspect ratio is defined as the ratio of tension member width w to thickness t (w/t). The increase in aspect ratio results in a reduction in the maximum rope pressure and an increased flexibility as compared to conventional elevator ropes. As a result, smaller sheaves may be used with this type of tension member. In a particular embodiment, the tension member includes a plurality of individual load carrying ropes encased within a common layer of coating. The coating layer separates the individual ropes and defines an engagement surface for engaging a traction sheave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Otis Elevator Company
    Inventors: Pedro S. Baranda, Ary O. Mello, Hugh J. O'Donnell, Karl M. Prewo
  • Patent number: 6363703
    Abstract: A composite cut-resistant yarn having a fiberglass and wire component a fiberglass core strand having a denier of between about 100 and about 1200 at least a first wire strand wrapped the fiberglass core strand in a first wire strand direction and at least a first non-metallic non-high performance fiber cover strand wrapped around the first wire strand in a first cover strand direction. The yarn does not include high performance constituents, yet is comparable in cut-resistance characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Supreme Elastic Corporation
    Inventor: Nathaniel H. Kolmes
  • Patent number: 6247298
    Abstract: A fabric (144) for use as a stab-resistant insert in protective textiles comprises a plurality of steel cords (100). Each of the steel cords (100) comprises a longitudinal axis (102) and two or more steel filaments (104). Each of the steel filaments (104) forme a twisting angle &agr; with the longitudinal axis (102) of the steel cord (100). The steel cords (100) have two or more of such twisting angles which are substantially different from each other so that any penetrating stab or knife is stopped.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2001
    Assignee: N.V. Bekaert S.A.
    Inventors: Luc Bourgois, Pol Bruyneel, Roger Vanassche, Frans Van Giel
  • Patent number: 6161371
    Abstract: A Rope-like apparatus is provided which comprises a hook and loop type fabric oriented in a variety of geometric patterns and configurations which facilitate self attachment when the opposing hook and loop type material come in operable contact.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Spyderco, Inc.
    Inventor: Louis S. Glesser
  • Patent number: 6161370
    Abstract: An endless transport belt made of thermoresistant synthetic filaments for transporting yarn is described, which yarn is wound around a plurality of transport belts in the form of loops, said transport belts being arranged polygonal in cross section. In order to reduce stretching of the transport belt, at least one reinforced thread is included among the synthetic filaments, which reinforced thread is preferably a steel wire or cord.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignees: Seil-Baur GmbH, Michael Hoerauf GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Tilman Bertram
  • Patent number: 6050077
    Abstract: The safety mountaineering rope (1) has a core comprising a plurality of core ropes (2).In order to improve the tearing resistance of the rope (1), the rope core surrounds in the manner of a tube at least one cavity (3) extending over the entire length of the rope (1). In this case the cavity (3 )is filled by means of at least one resilient filling material or body, resilient at least as viewed in the radial direction of the rope (1), and which, when the rope (1) is pulled over an edge and with a high tensile force for example, results in a considerable momentary flattening of the cross-section of the rope when pulled over the edge and thus a considerably wider support of the rope (1) on such an edge. In addition, the rope core (2) is surrounded by a rope sheathing (4) provided with a protective layer (5) impervious to particles of dirt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2000
    Inventor: Kurt Muller
  • Patent number: 5946898
    Abstract: A wire rope including a core rope having a number of strands each made of a number of wires, and a number of outer strands closed on the core rope. Each strand of the core rope has a contact section where two or more wires of the strand of the core rope come into contact with the closed outer strand. A total of contact section rates Tz is 20 percent or more of a circumference of a circumscribed circle of the core rope: Tz (%)=Ti/C.times.100, wherein Tl denotes a length of a circumferential component of the contact section, "C" denotes a length of the circumference of the circumscribed circle of the core rope. A non-contact section rate Gz is below 20 percent of the circumference of the circumscribed circle of the core rope: Gz (%)={100-(n.times.Tz)}/n, wherein "n" denotes the number of strands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Shinko Kosen Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Mikio Kurata, Toshihiko Sabae, Hirofumi Ueki
  • Patent number: 5884467
    Abstract: A rope-like instrument comprising hook and loop fabric to facilitate self-attachment. The instrument wraps about itself to form a closed loop, in place of forming a knot in the rope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Assignee: Spyderco, Inc.
    Inventor: Louis S. Glesser
  • Patent number: 5881843
    Abstract: A hoist rope for an elevator is formed from synthetic, non-metallic materials. The hoist rope includes a plurality of load-carrying strands with each strand encased within a coating layer. The coating layers provide protection against wear and provide sufficient lubricity to permit relative movement of the strands to equalize loading on the strands. The plurality of strands are surrounded by a jacket. The jacket provides sufficient traction with a traction sheave, transfers traction loads to the strands while permitting movement of the strands, and provides a flame retardant characteristic to the hoist rope. In one embodiment of an passenger conveyor system, the hoist rope is engaged with a traction sheave having a sheave liner the material for the jacket and sheave liner are selected to optimize the coefficient of friction between the hoist rope and traction sheave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Otis Elevator Company
    Inventors: Hugh J. O'Donnell, Eric G. Olsen
  • Patent number: 5852926
    Abstract: A balanced strand includes a fibrous core about which load bearing fibers are twisted. The fibrous core has an elongation factor of at least 10% and comprises approximately up to 30% of the material volume of the strand. The load bearing fibers have an elongation factor less than the fibrous core and a strength of at least 15 g denier. The load bearing fibers comprise the remaining strand material volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: Wellington Leisure Products, Inc.
    Inventor: James R. Breedlove
  • Patent number: 5845476
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a yarn core construction suitable for forming a flexible composite yarn having a fiberglass component. The resulting yarn has good cut and abrasion resistance qualities without sacrificing knittability, flexibility and suppleness. A normally hard to knit fiberglass strand is wrapped with a sheath strand at a rate of at least 8 turns per inch. The core thus formed provides all of the benefits of a fiberglass supported yarn without experiencing any of the manufacturing difficulties normally associated with fiberglass yarns. The core may also be provided with a multi-layer covering to balance the yarn and to further improve knittability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Inventor: Nathaniel H. Kolmes
  • Patent number: 5683778
    Abstract: An improved method and apparatus for the production of a strand of reinforced graphite-foil yarn which is the basis of the braided graphite-foil yarns. To produce the reinforced graphite-foil strands what is needed is apparatus for a tapered, cone shaped circular die having a specific geometry suitable for curling the fiber and adhesive coated surface inward upon itself, so that the curled ribbon will adhere to itself when compressed into the final protrusion die forming a finished fiber reinforced composite strand of expanded graphite flake having suitable tensile strength, flexibility, and toughness to permit braiding, weaving and other processing making it commercially useful wherever a dry, lubricous, strong, flexible material is desirable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Inventor: Robert A. Crosier
  • Patent number: 5669214
    Abstract: To reduce elongation of a stranded wire rope or cable (1), particularly when running over sheaves, or pulleys, and decrease vibration as well as operating noise while increasing operating speed, insert elements (4) are placed between adjacent rope elements (2). The insert elements, in cross-section, have an intermediate portion part (7) with oppositely positioned concave recesses (9), a head portion (6) which can be widened to the circumferential diameter of the rope or cable (1) and a widened base portion (8). The base portions (8) are not interconnected. The insert ribbons or tapes are preferably formed along their length with slits (11) extending from the head portion (6) to about the middle of the ribbon or tape to allow for bending of the rope, and the inserts about circular pulleys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 23, 1997
    Assignee: Fatzer AG
    Inventor: Georg A. Kopanakis
  • Patent number: 5573850
    Abstract: A quasi monofilament having a high strength polyethylene fiber core with an adherent, abrasion resistant polymer sheath is prepared by feeding the core yarn through a crosshead die, while simultaneously supplying a polymer melt at a temperature greater than the melting point of the core yarn to the die, for sheathing the core yarn within the die with the melt under a sufficient pressure to cause the melt to adhere to the core yam. The abrasion resistant polymer sheath includes an effective amount of a first polymer having ethylene crystallinity, a density of at least about 0.94 g/cm.sup.3, and a melt index of less than about 0.1 g/10 min. The composition used to sheathe the core yarn is characterized by a weight average tensile strength at yield of greater than about 13.8 MPa. The quasi monofilament has utility in applications subjected to high abrasion, such as sports fishing lines, kite lines, dental floss, "weedeater" lines and tennis racket strings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventors: David V. Cunningham, Sheldon Kavesh, Christopher P. Griffin
  • Patent number: 5572860
    Abstract: Fusible adhesive yarn in which spun core yarn and heat fusible yarn are twisted with each other in the same or opposite twisting direction as or to that of the spun core yarn. The spun core yarn is composed of elastic yarn and non-elastic short fiber assembly extending in the direction of the elastic yarn so that the non-elastic short fiber assembly encloses the circumference of the elastic yarn as a core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignees: Nitto Boseki Co., Ltd., Shima Seiki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Shigenobu Mitsumoto, Takeo Okumoto
  • Patent number: 5333442
    Abstract: A multi-strand nylon rope having improved abrasion resistance is comprised of a plurality of strands. Each strand is comprised of a plurality of yarns wherein each yarn is formed of a predetermined number of filaments. The filaments of each yarn are twisted together to form a yarn of a predetermined size, the twist direction being opposite that of the final ply yarn direction. For a right lay rope a sufficient number of filaments are twisted together in the left or "S" direction to produce a yarn of a predetermined size. Three or more yarns prepared in this manner are then plied or twisted together in the opposite or right direction. The cover for each strand is formed of alternate yarns of standard (i.e. round) and oblong filaments, respectively, the oblong filaments having a modification ratio of three, forming a rope having increased abrasion resistance, a hand and feel that is not stiff or unmanageable and which resists strand-to-strand wet abrasion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: American Manufacturing Company, Inc.
    Inventor: George A. Berger
  • Patent number: 5326628
    Abstract: A frictional material is made of cloth which is impregnated with a bituminous material and/or a synthetic resin. The cloth is woven from a yarn made by twisting single yarns with reinforcing metal wires. The single yarn consists of a center core in the form of a roving or a yarn of inorganic fibers such as glass fiber, rock wool or ceramic fiber and a covering element in the form of a sliver of organic fibers such as staple fiber, aromatic polyamide fiber or flame-resistant fiber. The frictional material obtained is excellent in physical strength and in resistance against heat, effective for preventing dispersion of dust and irritation to human bodies, and advantageous from the viewpoint of cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: Nichias Corporation
    Inventors: Sirou Takahata, Jirou Amakawa, Masami Tsuji
  • Patent number: 5268221
    Abstract: A rubber article having a fiber reinforcement embedded therein. The reinforcement comprises a cylindrically braided cord of an even number of twisted yarns of four or more, an equal number having an twist, i.e. twisted to the right, and a Z-twist, i.e. twisted to the left. The angle difference between a first twisting angle of a yarn and a final twisting angle of the cylindrically braided cord is set at less than 10.degree..
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1993
    Assignee: Bando Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuyuki Nakanishi, Susumu Onoe, Hiroshi Matsuoka
  • Patent number: 5240769
    Abstract: This invention relates to a packing used in sealing two members. As the packing material, by using a material having the surface of a flexible graphite sheet cut to a width of less than 5 mm with fibers, or a material prepared by laminating a flexible graphite sheet cut to a width of less than 5 mm with at least one of reinforcing fiber or foil material, and covering its surface with fibers, or a material prepared by impregnating a principal component composed of flexible graphite particles with at least one of short fiber, rubber, resin or lubricant to form a bar-like structure and covering its surface with fibers, a packing material which can be either twisted or braided is obtained. By fabricating a packing by using any one of such packing materials, a cord-like packing is obtained without having to produce many packings matched to with the dimensions of the members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1993
    Assignee: Nippon Pillar Packing Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Takahisa Ueda, Tomikazu Shiomi
  • Patent number: 5225262
    Abstract: A high temperature, high pressure resistant packing (e.g., for the packing gland of a valve stem) has a core of density 1.3-1.6 gm/cc that includes a plurality of strands, each strand including a flexible graphite tape, longitudinally corrugated and folded into at least two longitudinally extending partially superimposed layers. Preferable, each strand is overknitted with a reinforcing wire, the strands in the core are braided, and a jacket, which includes a carbide fiber, an inorganic fiber, and a phenolic fiber, is disposed about the core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1993
    Assignee: A. W. Chesterton Co.
    Inventor: Robert D. Leduc
  • Patent number: 5199253
    Abstract: A multi-strand nylon rope having improved abrasion resistance comprised of a plurality of strands. Each strand is comprised of a plurality of yarns wherein each yarn is formed of a predetermined number of filaments. The filaments of each yarn are twisted together to form a yarn of a predetermined size, the twist direction being opposite that of the final ply yarn direction. For a right lay rope a sufficient number of filaments are twisted together in the left or "S" direction to produce a yarn of a predetermined size. Three or more yarns prepared in this manner are then plied or twisted together in the opposite or right direction. The cover for each strand is formed of alternate yarns of standard and oblong filaments, respectively, the oblong filaments having a modification ratio of three, forming a rope having increased abrasion resistance, a hand and feel that is not stiff or unmanageable and which resists strand-to-strand wet abrasion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 6, 1993
    Assignee: American Manufacturing Company, Inc.
    Inventor: George A. Berger
  • Patent number: 5134030
    Abstract: This invention relates to a packing used in sealing two members. As the packing material, by using a material having the surface of a flexible graphite sheet cut to a width of less than 5 mm with fibers, or a material prepared by laminating a flexible graphite sheet cut to a width of less than 5 mm with at least one of reinforcing fiber of foil material, and covering its surface with fibers, or a material prepared by impregnating a principal component composed of flexible graphite particles with at least one of short fiber, rubber, resin or lubricant to form a bar-like structure and covering its surface with fibers, a packing material which can be either twisted or braided is obtained. By fabricating a packing by using any one of such packing materials, a cord-like packing is obtained without having to produce many packings matched to the dimensions of the members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1992
    Assignee: Nippon Pillar Packing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takahisa Ueda, Tomikazu Shiomi
  • Patent number: 5131218
    Abstract: A unique fishing rope comprising floating and sinking portions. The sinking portion blended yarns made up of a blend of first and second non-metallic synthetic filaments in proportions to yield a sinking rope portion having a specific gravity greater than one. The sinking rope portion comprises strands having yarns of substantially the same diameter. The floating portion of the rope is formed by replacing selected ones of the blended yarns in each strand with yarns formed of a material having a specific gravity of less than one. The replacement yarns and the blended yarns are of the same diameter to enhance the integrity and strength of the rope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 21, 1992
    Assignee: American Manufacturing Company, Inc.
    Inventor: George A. Berger
  • Patent number: 5035111
    Abstract: The invention relates to combinations of polymer filaments or yarns of high tensile strength, high modulus and low coefficients of friction and filaments or yarns of high coefficients of friction. Combinations of this type, which have been produced in particular by core spinning the filaments or yarns of low coefficient of friction with filaments or yarns of high coefficients of friction or by twisting the two filament or yarn components, are suitable in particular for producing bulletproof wovens, knits and nonwovens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1991
    Assignee: Stamicarbon B.V.
    Inventors: Eric H. M. Hogenboom, Peter Bruinink
  • Patent number: 4947727
    Abstract: A fishing net twine comprising a single first yarn and a plurality of second yarns which are orderly stranded together with the first yarn. The first yarn is a bundle of multiple filaments having a thickness of 8 to 42 denier and a monofilament having a thickness of 0.10 to 0.24 mm which are stranded together. The second yarn includes a number of monofilaments having a thickness of 0.10 to 0.24 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1990
    Assignee: Momoi Fishing Net Mfg. Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Atsushi Momoi
  • Patent number: 4914902
    Abstract: Very high strength cords are made and described which are composed of a core and a sheath of twisted yarns plied around the core in such a way that the cord exhibits greatly improved retained strength after use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 10, 1990
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Robert L. Keefe, Jr.