Group Viii Noble Metal Patents (Class 585/419)
  • Patent number: 10696635
    Abstract: A class of mono-protected 3-amino-2-hydroxypyridine (MPAHP) ligands that enable the meta-C—H arylation of anilines, phenols, phenylacetic acids, and biologically relevant heterocyclic compounds using norbornene as a transient mediator is disclosed, such as in the formation of a reaction product of Formula IA: The applicability of this meta-arylation methodology in the pharmaceutical industry is illustrated for heteroaryl substrates and heteroaryl iodide coupling partners, a feat made possible by using the MPAHP ligand. The enabling nature of MPAHP ligands to achieve other meta-C—H functionalization processes is also illustrated by the development of a meta-C—H amination reaction and a meta-C—H alkynylation reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: THE SCRIPPS RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventor: Jin-Quan Yu
  • Patent number: 9233884
    Abstract: This invention is for a catalyst for conversion of hydrocarbons. The catalyst is a germanium zeolite, such as Ge-ZSM-5, on which at least two metals, platinum and at least one other metal selected from Group 7, Group 8, Group 9, Group 10 and tin, are deposited on the germanium zeolite. Examples of the other metal are iridium, rhenium, palladium, ruthenium, rhodium, iron, cobalt and tin. The catalyst is prepared by synthesizing a germanium zeolite; depositing platinum and at least one other metal on the germanium zeolite; and calcining after preparation of the zeolite, before depositing the metals or after depositing the metals. The catalyst may be used in a process for the conversion of hydrocarbons, such as propane to aromatics, by contacting the catalyst with a hydrocarbon stream containing alkanes, olefins and mixtures thereof having 2 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule and recovering the product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Alla K. Khanmamedova, Scott F. Mitchell, Scott A. Stevenson, Gopalakrishnan G. Juttu
  • Publication number: 20150104364
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to processes using a new crystalline molecular sieve designated SSZ-96, which is synthesized using a 1-butyl-1-methyl-octahydroindolium cation as a structure directing agent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 21, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Applicant: CHEVRON U.S.A. INC.
    Inventor: Saleh Ali ELOMARI
  • Patent number: 8981169
    Abstract: A process for converting a gaseous hydrocarbon feed comprising methane to an aromatic hydrocarbon is integrated with liquefied natural gas (LNG) and/or pipeline gas production. The gaseous hydrocarbon feed is supplied to a conversion zone comprising at least one dehydroaromatization catalyst and is contacted with the catalyst under conversion conditions to produce a gaseous effluent stream comprising at least one aromatic compound, unreacted methane and H2. The gaseous effluent stream is then separated into a first product stream comprising said at least one aromatic compound and a second product stream comprising unreacted methane and H2. The second product stream is further separated into a methane-rich stream and a hydrogen-rich stream and at least part of the methane-rich stream is passed to LNG and/or pipeline gas production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Robert D. Denton, Garth M. Norman, James R. Lattner
  • Publication number: 20150073190
    Abstract: Methods for treating or rejuvenating a spent catalyst are disclosed. Such methods can employ a step of halogenating the spent catalyst, followed by decoking the halogenated spent catalyst. The halogenation step can utilize fluorine and chlorine together, or fluorine and chlorine can be applied sequentially.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventor: An-Hsiang Wu
  • Publication number: 20150073189
    Abstract: A process is presented for increasing the aromatics content in a reformate process stream. The process modifies existing processes to change the operation without changing the reactors or heating units. The process includes bypasses to utilize heating capacity of upstream heating units, and passes the excess capacity of the upstream heating units to downstream process streams.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Clayton C. Sadler, Mark D. Moser
  • Publication number: 20140371500
    Abstract: A method for removing tightly bound sodium from a zeolitic support comprising contacting the support with a sodium specific removal agent to produce a treated support. A method comprising providing an aromatization catalyst comprising a treated support, and contacting the aromatization catalyst with a hydrocarbon feed in a reaction zone under conditions suitable for the production of an aromatic product. A catalyst support comprising an L-zeolite having less than 0.35 wt. % sodium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventor: Gyanesh P. Khare
  • Patent number: 8912378
    Abstract: A new family of coherently grown composites of TUN and IMF zeotypes has been synthesized and shown to be effective catalysts for dehydrocyclodimerization reactions. These zeolites are represented by the empirical formula. NanMmn+RrQqAl1-xExSiyOz where M represents zinc or a metal or metals from Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, R is an A,?-dihalosubstituted paraffin such as 1,4-dibromobutane, Q is a neutral amine containing 5 or fewer carbon atoms such as 1-methylpyrrolidine and E is a framework element such as gallium. The process involves contacting at least one aliphatic hydrocarbon having from 2 to about 6 carbon atoms per molecule with the coherently grown composites of TUN and IMF zeotypes to produce at least one aromatic hydrocarbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Christopher P. Nicholas, Mark A. Miller
  • Patent number: 8907151
    Abstract: A new family of coherently grown composites of TUN and IMF zeotypes has been synthesized and shown to be effective catalysts in processes for converting at least one aliphatic hydrocarbon having from 1 to about 4 carbon atoms in a feedstream to provide at least one aromatic hydrocarbon. These zeolites are represented by the empirical formula. NanMmk+TtAl1-xExSiyOz where M represents zinc or a metal or metals from Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 or the lanthanide series of the periodic table, T is the organic structure directing agent or agents and E is a framework element such as gallium. The process involves contacting a low carbon number aliphatic hydrocarbon with the coherently grown composite of TUN and IMF zeotypes to produce at least an aromatic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Timur V. Voskoboynikov, Christopher P. Nicholas, Mark A. Miller, Lisa M. King, Vincent G. Mezera
  • Patent number: 8871990
    Abstract: A process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons which comprises (a) contacting ethane with a dehyroaromatization aromatic catalyst which is comprised of about 0.005 to about 0.1% wt platinum, an amount of an attenuating metal which is no more than about 0.02% wt less than the amount of platinum, from about 10 to about 99.9% wt of an aluminosilicate, and a binder, and (b) separating methane, hydrogen, and C2-5 hydrocarbons from the reaction products of step (a) to produce aromatic reaction products including benzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ann Marie Lauritzen, Ajay Madhav Madgavkar
  • Publication number: 20140316179
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a formed catalyst can comprise: a Ge-ZSM-5 zeolite; a binder comprising silica with 1 to less than 5 wt % non-silica oxides; less than or equal to 0.1 wt % residual carbon; 0.4 to 1.5 wt % platinum; and 4.0 to 4.8 wt % Cs; wherein the weight percentages are based upon a total weight of the catalyst. In one embodiment, a method of making a formed catalyst can comprise: mixing an uncalcined Ge-ZSM-5 zeolite and a binder to form a mixture; forming the mixture into a formed zeolite; calcining the formed zeolite to result in the formed zeolite having less than or equal to 0.1 wt % of residual carbon; ion-exchanging the formed zeolite with cesium; depositing platinum on the formed zeolite; and heating the formed zeolite to result in a final catalyst; wherein the final catalyst comprises 4.0 to 4.8 wt % cesium and 0.4 to 1.5 wt % platinum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Ashim Kumar Ghosh, Scott Stevenson, Meghann Simmons, Michael Mier
  • Publication number: 20140235912
    Abstract: A method for the recovery of energy from synthesis gas waste products obtained from wet crushed coal, according to a gasification-pyrolysis process, which comprises the submission of the waste products obtained during the production of the synthesis gas to a subsequent treatment, to transform such products into other products of the branched-chain alkane type and aromatic compounds, recovering the hydrogen obtained during these reactions, which will be available to be used at other chemical processing plants, as fuel or simply to be fed back to the gasification-pyrolysis process itself, to enrich the synthesis gas obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 1, 2011
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: GURADOOR, S.L.
    Inventor: Daniel Gonzalez Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 8809608
    Abstract: A process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons which comprises (a) contacting one or more lower alkanes with a dehydroaromatization aromatic catalyst which is comprised of 0.005 to 0.1% wt platinum, not more than 0.2% wt of an amount of an attenuating metal wherein the amount of platinum is not more than about 0.02% wt more than the amount of the attenuating metal, from about 10 to about 99.9% wt of an aluminosilicate, and a binder, and (b) separating methane, hydrogen, and C2-5 hydrocarbons from the reaction products of step (a) to produce aromatic reaction products including benzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ann Marie Lauritzen, Ajay Madhav Madgavkar
  • Publication number: 20140213839
    Abstract: Methods for treating or rejuvenating a spent catalyst are disclosed. Such methods can employ a step of halogenating the spent catalyst, followed by decoking the halogenated spent catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: An-Hsiang Wu
  • Patent number: 8785704
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for nonoxidatively dehydroaromatizing a reactant stream comprising C1-C4-aliphatics by converting the reactant stream in the presence of a catalyst in a reaction zone 1 to a product stream P comprising aromatic hydrocarbons, and regenerating the catalyst whose activity has been reduced by deposited coke with a hydrogen-comprising mixture H in a reaction zone 2, wherein at least a portion of the deposited coke is converted to methane and at least a portion of the methane formed is fed to reaction zone 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Kiesslich, Achim Gritsch, Christian Schneider, Albena Kostova
  • Patent number: 8772563
    Abstract: A process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons which comprises (a) contacting ethane with a dehyroaromatization aromatic catalyst which is comprised of about 0.005 to about 0.1 wt % platinum, an amount of gallium which is equal to or greater than the amount of the platinum, from about 10 to about 99.9 wt % of an aluminosilicate, and a binder, and (b) separating methane, hydrogen, and C2-5 hydrocarbons from the reaction products of step (a) to produce aromatic reaction products including benzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ann Marie Lauritzen, Ajay Madhav Madgavkar
  • Patent number: 8692043
    Abstract: A process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons which comprises (a) contacting ethane with a dehyroaromatization aromatic catalyst which is comprised of 0.005 to 0.1% wt platinum, an amount of iron which is equal to or greater than the amount of the platinum, from 10 to 99.9% wt of an aluminosilicate, and a binder, and (b) separating methane, hydrogen, and C2-5 hydrocarbons from the reaction products of step (a) to produce aromatic reaction products including benzene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Ann Marie Lauritzen, Ajay Madhav Madgavkar
  • Publication number: 20140088333
    Abstract: Regenerable aromatization catalysts having high surface area and pore volume, as well as methods for producing these catalysts, are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Publication date: March 27, 2014
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventor: Gyanesh P. Khare
  • Publication number: 20140066676
    Abstract: Methods and systems for improved catalytic reforming are disclosed. A method of catalytic reforming includes feeding a feedstream comprising C6-convertibles to one or more reactors; contacting the feedstream with a reforming catalyst; selecting values for a LHSV, a H2/HC ratio, and a conversion of C6-convertibles from a deactivation kinetic model so as to maximize a net present amount of benzene produced over a run-length of the reforming catalyst; operating the one or more reactors at the selected LHSV, the selected H2/HC ratio, and the selected conversion of C6-convertibles; and recovering an effluent from the reactor, wherein the effluent comprises at least about 40 wt % benzene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventor: Tin-Tack Peter CHEUNG
  • Publication number: 20140039233
    Abstract: A catalyst composition suitable for conversion of alkanes having 3 to 12 carbon atoms per molecule to aromatic hydrocarbons, wherein the catalyst composition comprises: MN/MA/Ga-zeolite, wherein MN stands for one or more noble metals and MA stands for one or more alkali metals and/or alkaline earth metals. The MN/MA/Ga-zeolite is a zeolite comprising: 0.01-10 wt % of MN with respect to the total MN/MA/Ga-zeolite; 0.01-10 wt % of MA with respect to the total MN/MA/Ga-zeolite; and 0.01-10 wt % Ga with respect to the total MN/MA/Ga-zeolite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2013
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Subhash Chandra Laha, Mohammed Rafiuddin Ansari
  • Patent number: 8604262
    Abstract: A process for reforming a hydrocarbon stream is presented. The process involves splitting a naphtha feedstream to at least two feedstreams and passing each feedstream to separation reformers. The reformers are operated under different conditions to utilize the differences in the reaction properties of the different hydrocarbon components. The process utilizes a common catalyst, and common downstream processes for recovering the desired aromatic compounds generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: David A. Wegerer, Kurt M. Vanden Bussche, Mark D. Moser
  • Patent number: 8569555
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising adding a nitrogenate, an oxygenate, or both to a hydrocarbon stream to produce an enhanced hydrocarbon stream, and contacting the enhanced hydrocarbon stream with an aromatization catalyst, thereby producing an aromatization reactor effluent comprising aromatic hydrocarbons, wherein the catalyst comprises a non-acidic zeolite support, a group VIII metal, and one or more halides. Also disclosed is a hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising monitoring the presence of an oxygenate, a nitrogenate, or both in an aromatization reactor, monitoring at least one process parameter that indicates the activity of the aromatization catalyst, modifying the amount of the oxygenate, the nitrogenate, or both in the aromatization reactor, thereby affecting the parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Christopher D. Blessing, Scott H. Brown, Tin-Tack Peter Cheung, David J. Glova, Daniel M. Hasenberg, Dennis L. Holtermann, Gyanesh P. Khare, Daniel B. Knorr, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8552236
    Abstract: A catalyst for the conversion of methane to higher hydrocarbons including aromatic hydrocarbons comprises particles of a porous refractory material, crystals of a zeolite material grown within the pores of the refractory material, and at least one catalytically active metal or metal compound associated with the zeolite crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventor: Larry L. Iaccino
  • Patent number: 8530713
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for nonoxidative dehydroaromatization of aliphatic hydrocarbons by converting a reactant stream comprising aliphatic hydrocarbons in the presence of a catalyst which comprises at least one metallosilicate as a support, at least one element selected from the group of Mo, W and Re as an active component and at least one further transition metal which is not a noble metal as a dopant, wherein the catalyst is regenerated regularly with hydrogen under nonoxidative conditions. The further transition metal used is preferably Fe, Ni, Cu and Co.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Kiesslich, Joana Coelho Tsou, Alexander Schulz
  • Publication number: 20130172648
    Abstract: The present invention relates to catalyst composition comprising M1/Ga/zeolite and La/binder, wherein M1/Ga/zeolite is a zeolite comprising 0.01-2 wt-% palladium and/or platinum (M1) with respect to the total M1/Ga/zeolite and 0.2-2 wt-% gallium (Ga) with respect to the total M1/Ga/zeolite; and La/binder is a binder comprising 0.5-2 wt-% lanthanum (La) with respect to the total La/binder. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a method for preparing the catalyst composition of the present invention and a process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons comprising contacting a feedstream comprising lower alkanes with the catalyst composition of the present invention under conditions suitable for alkane aromatization.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Publication date: July 4, 2013
    Applicant: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventor: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
  • Patent number: 8471083
    Abstract: A reforming process using a medium pore zeolite under conditions to facilitate the conversion of C8 paraffinic compounds to para-xylene is provided. Para-xylene is produced at greater than thermodynamic equilibrium concentrations using the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Cong-Yan Chen, Ann Jia-Bao Liang, Stephen Joseph Miller, James Nathan Ziemer
  • Patent number: 8461404
    Abstract: A prolongated silica bound zeolite support comprising from about 85 wt % to about 95 wt % zeolite. A catalyst composition comprising a prolongated silica bound zeolite supporting at least one Group VIII metal and at least one halide. A process of making a prolongated silica bound zeolite support comprising mixing a zeolite, a prolongated silica, and water to form a mixture, and shaping the mixture into the prolongated silica bound zeolite support. A process of making a prolongated silica bound zeolite catalyst comprising mixing a zeolite, a prolongated silica, and water to form a mixture, shaping the mixture into a prolongated silica bound zeolite support, and adding one or more catalytic compounds to the prolongated silica bound zeolite support to form the prolongated silica bound zeolite catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: Gyanesh P. Khare
  • Publication number: 20130123552
    Abstract: The invention provides methods and compositions useful for synthesizing alkylaromatics from an n-alkanes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Inventors: Alan Goldman, Ritu Ahuja, William Schinski
  • Publication number: 20130066125
    Abstract: A method of extending the life of an aromatization catalyst comprising identifying a rapid deactivation threshold (RDT) of the catalyst, and oxidizing the catalyst prior to reaching the RDT. A method of aromatizing a hydrocarbon comprising identifying a rapid deactivation threshold (RDT) for an aromatization catalyst, and operating an aromatization reactor comprising the catalyst to extend the Time on Stream of the reactor prior to reaching the RDT. A method of extending the life of an aromatization catalyst comprising predicting a rapid deactivation threshold (RDT) for an aromatization reactor by employing the catalyst in a reactor system under an accelerated fouling condition to identify a test rapid deactivation threshold (t-RDT), predicting the RDT for the aromatization reactor based upon the t-RDT, and oxidizing the catalyst prior to the predicted RDT to extend the Time on Stream of the aromatization catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Publication date: March 14, 2013
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventors: Scott H. BROWN, Tin-Tack Peter CHEUNG, Daniel P. HAGEWIESCHE, Baiyi ZHAO
  • Publication number: 20130035530
    Abstract: A method of preparing a catalyst comprising selecting a zeolite having a mean particle size of equal to or less than about 6 microns, blending the zeolite with a binder and water to form a paste, shaping the paste into a bound zeolite support, adding a metal to the bound zeolite support to form a metalized catalyst support, and adding at least one halide to the metalized catalyst support to form the catalyst. A catalytic reforming process for converting hydrocarbons to aromatics comprising: contacting a catalyst comprising a silica bound zeolite, a Group VIII metal supported thereby, and at least one halide with a hydrocarbon feed in a reaction zone, wherein the silica bound zeolite comprises a zeolite having a mean particle size of equal to or less than about 6 microns and a median particle size of equal to or less than about 5 microns.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 9, 2012
    Publication date: February 7, 2013
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventor: Gyanesh P. KHARE
  • Patent number: 8362310
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising adding a nitrogenate, an oxygenate, or both to a hydrocarbon stream to produce an enhanced hydrocarbon stream, and contacting the enhanced hydrocarbon stream with an aromatization catalyst, thereby producing an aromatization reactor effluent comprising aromatic hydrocarbons, wherein the catalyst comprises a non-acidic zeolite support, a group VIII metal, and one or more halides. Also disclosed is a hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising monitoring the presence of an oxygenate, a nitrogenate, or both in an aromatization reactor, monitoring at least one process parameter that indicates the activity of the aromatization catalyst, modifying the amount of the oxygenate, the nitrogenate, or both in the aromatization reactor, thereby affecting the parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Christopher D. Blessing, Scott H. Brown, Tin-Tack Peter Cheung, David J. Glova, Daniel M. Hasenberg, Dennis L. Holtermann, Gyanesh P. Khare, Daniel B. Knorr, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8153852
    Abstract: This invention is for a catalyst for conversion of alkanes having two to six carbon atoms per molecule to aromatics. The catalyst is a MFI zeolite with a crystallite size of less than 15 microns with, in addition to silicon and aluminum, germanium as a framework element. Platinum is deposited on the zeolite. The zeolite may contain other optional tetravalent and trivalent elements in the zeolite framework. The catalyst is synthesized by preparing a zeolite containing aluminum, silicon, germanium and, optionally, other elements in the framework, calcining the zeolite and depositing platinum on the zeolite. The catalyst may be used for aromatization of alkanes, such as propane, to aromatics, such as benzene, toluene and xylenes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Paul E. Ellis, Gopalakrishnan G. Juttu, Alla K. Khanmamedova, Scott F. Mitchell, Scott A. Stevenson
  • Patent number: 8148590
    Abstract: A process for producing aromatic hydrocarbons and hydrogen, in which a lower hydrocarbons-containing feedstock gas is reformed by being supplied to and being brought into contact with a catalyst under high temperature conditions thereby forming aromatic hydrocarbons and hydrogen. The method includes the steps of (a) supplying a hydrogen gas together with the feedstock gas during a supply of the feedstock gas; and (b) suspending the supply of the feedstock gas for a certain period of time while keeping a condition of a supply of the hydrogen gas. The catalyst is exemplified by a metallo-silicate carrying molybdenum and a metallo-silicate carrying molybdenum and rhodium. An amount of the hydrogen gas supplied together with the feedstock gas is set to be preferably larger than 2% and smaller than 10%, more preferably within a range of from 4 to 8%, much more preferably 8%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignees: Meidensha Corporation
    Inventors: Masaru Ichikawa, Ryoichi Kojima, Yuji Ogawa, Masamichi Kuramoto
  • Publication number: 20120029257
    Abstract: A reforming process using a medium pore zeolite under conditions to facilitate the conversion of C8 paraffinic compounds to para-xylene is provided. Para-xylene is produced at greater than thermodynamic equilibrium concentrations using the process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2010
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Inventors: Cong-Yan Chen, Stephen J. Miller, James N. Ziemer, Ann J. Liang
  • Patent number: 8097763
    Abstract: An aromatic compound, particularly benzene, is stably produced in the presence of a catalyst from a lower hydrocarbon having 2 or more carbon atoms, particularly from an ethane-containing gas composition such as ethane gas and natural gas. Disclosed is a process for producing an aromatic compound by reacting ethane or an ethane-containing raw gas in the presence of a catalyst. The catalyst may comprise molybdenum carried on metallosilicate such as H-type ZSM-5H or H-type MCM-22. In the reaction, the temperature is from 550 to 750° C., preferably not lower than 600° C. and not higher than 680° C. Additionally, the raw gas further contains methane and hydrogen is added thereto, thereby improving the production efficiency and stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignees: Meidensha Corporation
    Inventors: Masaru Ichikawa, Ryoichi Kojima, Yuji Ogawa, Masamichi Kuramoto
  • Patent number: 8084658
    Abstract: Process for the integrated preparation of aromatics and ammonia by reaction of a gas stream A comprising at least one C1-C6-aliphatic and nitrogen in the presence of at least one catalyst, wherein the C1-C6-aliphatics are converted nonoxidatively into aromatics in one reaction and the hydrogen liberated in this reaction is reacted with nitrogen to form ammonia in a further reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Ulrich Mueller, Harald Freiberger
  • Publication number: 20110201860
    Abstract: The process for conversion of alkanes to aromatics includes the steps of contacting a feedstock containing alkanes having between two and six carbon atoms per molecule with a composite catalyst to produce an aromatization reaction, and collecting aromatics produced by the reaction. The composite catalyst is a zeolite having a matrix impregnated with a noble metal and an oxide of a transition metal. The noble metal may be Pt, Pd, Rh, Ru, or Ir. The transition metal may be Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, or Zn. The zeolite may be a medium or large pore zeolite, and may have an MFI, MEL, FAU, TON, VPI, MFL, AEI, AFI, MWW, BEA, MOR, LTL, or MTT structure, preferably MFI. The zeolite framework may include silicon, aluminum, and/or gallium. The matrix may be an oxide of magnesium, aluminum, titanium, zirconium, thorium, silicon or boron, and is preferably alumina.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2010
    Publication date: August 18, 2011
    Inventors: Muhammad Naseem Akhtar, Sachio Asaoka, Sulaiman S. Al-Khattaf
  • Publication number: 20110190559
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising adding a nitrogenate, an oxygenate, or both to a hydrocarbon stream to produce an enhanced hydrocarbon stream, and contacting the enhanced hydrocarbon stream with an aromatization catalyst, thereby producing an aromatization reactor effluent comprising aromatic hydrocarbons, wherein the catalyst comprises a non-acidic zeolite support, a group VIII metal, and one or more halides. Also disclosed is a hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising monitoring the presence of an oxygenate, a nitrogenate, or both in an aromatization reactor, monitoring at least one process parameter that indicates the activity of the aromatization catalyst, modifying the amount of the oxygenate, the nitrogenate, or both in the aromatization reactor, thereby affecting the parameter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2011
    Publication date: August 4, 2011
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventors: Christopher D. BLESSING, Scott H. BROWN, Tin-Tack Peter CHEUNG, David J. GLOVA, Daniel M. HASENBERG, Dennis L. HOLTERMANN, Gyanesh P. KHARE, Daniel B. KNORR, JR.
  • Patent number: 7982080
    Abstract: In a process for converting a low carbon number aliphatic hydrocarbon to higher hydrocarbons including aromatic hydrocarbons, a feed containing the aliphatic hydrocarbon is contacted with a dehydrocyclization catalyst under conditions effective to convert the aliphatic hydrocarbon to aromatic hydrocarbons and produce an effluent stream comprising aromatic hydrocarbons and hydrogen. The dehydrocyclization catalyst comprises a metal or metal compound and a molecular sieve wherein the ratio of the amount of any Bronsted acid sites in the catalyst to the amount of said metal in the catalyst is less than 0.4 mol/mol of said metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Inventors: Teng Xu, Kenneth R. Clem, Jeremy J. Patt, J. Scott Buchanan, Larry L. Iaccino
  • Publication number: 20110172479
    Abstract: The present invention is for a catalyst, a process for making the catalyst and a process for using the catalyst in aromatization of alkanes having three to five carbon atoms per molecule, such as propane, to aromatics, such as benzene, toluene and xylene. The catalyst is an aluminum-silicon zeolite having a silicon to aluminum atomic ratio (Si:Al) greater than 15:1, such as MFI or ZSM-5, on which germanium, aluminum and a noble metal, such as platinum, have been deposited. The catalyst may be bound with magnesia, alumina, titania, zirconia, thoria, silica, boria or mixtures thereof. The aluminum and germanium may be deposited simultaneously on the zeolite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2010
    Publication date: July 14, 2011
    Applicant: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Scott Stevenson, Gopalakrishnan G. Juttu, Michael Mier, Robin J. Bates, Dustin Farmer, Scott Mitchell, Alla K. Khanmamedova
  • Patent number: 7977519
    Abstract: In a process for converting methane to higher hydrocarbons including aromatic hydrocarbons, a feed containing methane is contacted with a dehydrocyclization catalyst in a reaction zone under conditions effective to convert said methane to aromatic hydrocarbons. A first portion of the catalyst is transferred from the reaction zone to a heating zone, where the first catalyst portion is heated by contacting the catalyst with hot combustion gases generated by burning a supplemental source of fuel. The heated first catalyst portion is then returned to the reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Neeraj Sangar, Elizabeth L. Stavens
  • Publication number: 20110137092
    Abstract: A prolongated silica bound zeolite support comprising from about 85 wt % to about 95 wt % zeolite. A catalyst composition comprising a prolongated silica bound zeolite supporting at least one Group VIII metal and at least one halide. A process of making a prolongated silica bound zeolite support comprising mixing a zeolite, a prolongated silica, and water to form a mixture, and shaping the mixture into the prolongated silica bound zeolite support. A process of making a prolongated silica bound zeolite catalyst comprising mixing a zeolite, a prolongated silica, and water to form a mixture, shaping the mixture into a prolongated silica bound zeolite support, and adding one or more catalytic compounds to the prolongated silica bound zeolite support to form the prolongated silica bound zeolite catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 16, 2011
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventor: Gyanesh P. Khare
  • Patent number: 7939699
    Abstract: Catalysts comprising cobalt on a titania support are produced by mixing together particles of a solid titania support and an aqueous solution of cobalt amine carbonate, and heating to an elevated temperature sufficient to effect decomposition of the cobalt amine carbonate and precipitation of a cobalt species onto said support. The catalysts are useful in hydrogenation and Fischer-Tropsch reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey PLC
    Inventor: Cornelis Martinus Lok
  • Patent number: 7932425
    Abstract: A hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising adding a nitrogenate, an oxygenate, or both to a hydrocarbon stream to produce an enhanced hydrocarbon stream, and contacting the enhanced hydrocarbon stream with an aromatization catalyst, thereby producing an aromatization reactor effluent comprising aromatic hydrocarbons, wherein the catalyst comprises a non-acidic zeolite support, a group VIII metal, and one or more halides. Also disclosed is a hydrocarbon aromatization process comprising monitoring the presence of an oxygenate, a nitrogenate, or both in an aromatization reactor, monitoring at least one process parameter that indicates the activity of the aromatization catalyst, modifying the amount of the oxygenate, the nitrogenate, or both in the aromatization reactor, thereby affecting the parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Christopher D. Blessing, Scott H. Brown, Tin-Tack Peter Cheung, David J. Glova, Daniel M. Hasenberg, Dennis L. Holtermann, Gyanesh P. Khare, Daniel B. Knorr, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7906696
    Abstract: This invention is for a catalyst for conversion of a hydrocarbonaceous feed. The catalyst is a zeolite aluminosilicate with a silicon to aluminum molar ratio from about 70:1 to about 100:1 on which a noble metal has been deposited. The zeolite catalyst may contain other optional tetravalent and trivalent elements in the zeolite framework. The zeolite structure may be MFI, FAU, TON, MFL, VPI, MEL, AEL, AFI, MWW or MOR. The catalyst is synthesized by preparing a zeolite containing aluminum, silicon and, optionally, other elements, such as germanium, in the framework, depositing a noble metal, such as platinum, on the zeolite and calcining the zeolite. The catalyst may be used for aromatization of alkanes to aromatics. One embodiment is a MFI zeolite catalyst which may be used for the aromatization of alkanes having two to six carbon atoms per molecule to aromatics, such as benzene, toluene and xylenes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Gopalakrishnan G. Juttu, Robert Scott Smith
  • Patent number: 7902413
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for the aromatization of C6 to C12 alkanes, such as hexane, heptane and octane, to aromatics, such as benzene, ethyl benzene, toluene and xylenes, with a germanium-containing zeolite catalyst. The catalyst is a non-acidic aluminum-silicon-germanium zeolite on which a noble metal, such as platinum, has been deposited. The zeolite structure may be of MFI, BEA, MOR, LTL or MTT. The zeolite is made non-acidic by being base-exchanged with an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal, such as cesium, potassium, sodium, rubidium, barium, calcium, magnesium and mixtures thereof, to reduce acidity. The catalyst is sulfur tolerant and may be pretreated with a sulfur compound, i.e., sulfided. The hydrocarbon feed may contain sulfur up to 1000 ppm. The present invention could be applicable to a feedstream which is predominantly paraffinic and/or low in naphthenes. Lowering the hydrogen to hydrocarbon ratio increases conversion and aromatics selectivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Scott A. Stevenson, Dustin B. Farmer, Scott F. Mitchell, Gopalakrishnan G. Juttu, Alla K. Khanmamedova, Paul E. Ellis
  • Patent number: 7888543
    Abstract: A process for converting methane to higher hydrocarbon(s) including aromatic hydrocarbon(s) comprises providing a hydrocarbon feedstock containing methane and a catalytic particulate material to a reactor system having at least first and second reaction zones connected in series. Each of the reaction zones is operated under reaction conditions sufficient to convert at least a portion of the methane to said higher hydrocarbon(s) and is maintained in a moving bed fashion, with the bulk of the catalytic particulate material being moved from the first reaction zone to the second reaction zone and with the bulk of the hydrocarbon feedstock being moved from the second reaction zone to the first reaction zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Larry L. Iaccino, Elizabeth L. Stavens, Neeraj Sangar
  • Patent number: 7851664
    Abstract: A xylene isomerization process includes introducing gas comprising hydrogen and a base to a reaction zone in which a catalyst comprising a Group VIII metal and a zeolite support resides. In one embodiment, the base may be formed in situ within the reaction zone from nitrogen and hydrogen that are introduced to the reaction zone. In another embodiment, the base is introduced directly to the reaction zone. The conditions in the reaction zone are effective to reduce the catalyst. A stream comprising C8 aromatics, e.g., xylenes and ethylbenzene may then be fed to the reaction zone containing the reduced catalyst. The reaction zone may be operated at conditions effective to isomerize the xylenes and hydrodealkylate the ethylbenzene. The xylene loss during the isomerization of the xylenes is lowered as a result of using the catalyst reduced in the presence of the gas comprising a base and hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Scott H. Brown, Tin Tack Peter Cheung
  • Patent number: 7838711
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for carrying out metathesis reactions, wherein the process is carried out continuously and a ruthenium-containing catalyst is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Herweck, Albrecht Jacobi, Thomas Nicola, Michael Wiese
  • Publication number: 20100280297
    Abstract: This invention is for a catalyst for conversion of alkanes having two to six carbon atoms per molecule to aromatics. The catalyst is a MFI zeolite with a crystallite size of less than 15 microns with, in addition to silicon and aluminum, germanium as a framework element. Platinum is deposited on the zeolite. The zeolite may contain other optional tetravalent and trivalent elements in the zeolite framework. The catalyst is synthesized by preparing a zeolite containing aluminum, silicon, germanium and, optionally, other elements in the framework, calcining the zeolite and depositing platinum on the zeolite. The catalyst may be used for aromatization of alkanes, such as propane, to aromatics, such as benzene, toluene and xylenes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2009
    Publication date: November 4, 2010
    Applicant: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Paul E. Ellis, Gopalakridhnan G. Juttu, Alla K. Khanmamedova, Scott F. Mitchell, Scott A. Stevenson