Al Trialkyl Patents (Class 585/522)
  • Patent number: 9266793
    Abstract: The present invention discloses processes for oligomerizing a monomer containing internal olefins using a solid acid catalyst. Illustrative monomers can contain at least 50 wt. % C6 to C24 internal olefins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2016
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: Jeffery C. Gee
  • Patent number: 9175109
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods for recovering a by-product stream of an ethylene oligomerization process, and systematically processing this stream in order to form a polymer composition that can be pelletized conventionally. This polymer composition can have a bimodal molecular weight distribution, which can be characterized by a ratio of the respective peak molecular weights ranging from 400:1 to 2000:1, and further, a liquid component of the polymer composition is in a range from 1 to 35 weight percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Bruce E. Kreischer, Paul J. DesLauriers, Ronald D. Knudsen, Vivek Rohatgi, Mark E. Lashier, R. Kim Perry, Chung Ching Tso
  • Patent number: 8957270
    Abstract: A process for producing a base for a fuel from a C2 ethanol feedstock, by a first stage for oligomerization of the feedstock into a hydrocarbon effluent that contains a mixture of olefins for the most part having between 4 and 30 carbons, and contains a C10-C24 fraction that has a mean linearity that is greater than 60%, in the presence of a homogeneous catalytic system that contains a metal precursor of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, nickel and/or iron, a second stage for oligomerization of a portion of the effluent that is obtained from stage a), into a hydrocarbon effluent that contains a mixture of olefins for the most part having between 4 and 30 carbon atoms, and containing a C10-C24 fraction that has a mean linearity that is less than 50%, in the presence of a homogeneous catalytic system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: IFP Energies Nouvelles
    Inventors: Sandrine Berard, Stephane Harry, Natacha Touchais, Lionel Magna, Helene Olivier-Bourbigou, Cedrik Popelin, David Proriol, Lucien Saussine
  • Patent number: 8921291
    Abstract: This invention discloses an improved process which employs mixed alpha-olefins as feed over activated metallocene catalyst systems to provide essentially random liquid polymers particularly useful in lubricant components or as functional fluids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret M. Wu, Norman Yang, Phil Surana, Anura Patil, Steven P. Rucker, Kuangnan Qian, Shakeel Tirmizi, Mark P. Hagemeister
  • Patent number: 8921251
    Abstract: The invention relates to the field of producing polymers and copolymers of olefin oligomers produced by a trimerization reaction of olefin monomers. There is disclosed a process which comprises producing olefin oligomers with the aid of a trimerization catalyst system prepared using UHF irradiation for activating individual components of the trimerization catalyst system. The use of the trimerization catalyst system thus improved and having increased activity provides for increased effectiveness in the production of olefin oligomers from ethylene or other olefin monomers, inter alia, at a low pressure of ethylene. The olefin oligomers thus produced are then polymerized or copolymerized using processes known in the art. The technical effect consists in increasing the effectiveness of the production of olefin oligomers which are then used in a polymerization or copolymerization reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Open Joint Stock Company “Sibur Holding”
    Inventors: Timur Mikhailovich Zilbershtein, Maxim Vladimirovich Lipskikh, Alexei Alexandrovich Nosikov, Georgy Viktorovich Nesyn
  • Patent number: 8865959
    Abstract: A process for the preparation of oligomeric poly alpha-olefins includes oligomerizing low molecular weight PAO oligomer in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst such as promoted aluminum trichloride or boron trifluoride under oligomerization conditions. The low molecular weight PAO oligomers used as a feed or feed component of the present process are the light olefinic by-product fractions including the dimers and light fractions from the metallocene-catalyzed PAO oligomerization process which are characterized by a molecular weight of 150 to 600 and a terminal olefin (vinylidene) content of at least 25%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Abhimanyu Onkar Patil, Margaret May-Som Wu, Norman Yang
  • Patent number: 8809613
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing linear alpha-olefins (LAO) by oligomerization of ethylene in the presence of a solvent and homogeneous catalyst, comprising the steps of: (i) feeding ethylene, solvent and catalyst into an oligomerization reactor, (ii) oligomerizing the ethylene in the reactor, (iii) removing a reactor outlet stream comprising solvent, linear alpha-olefins, optionally unreacted ethylene and catalyst from the reactor via a reactor outlet piping system, (iv) dosing at least one additive selected from the group consisting of alcohols, poly-ethylene glycols, polyethylene glycol monoethers, polyethylene glycol diethers, polyamines, amines, amino alcohols and surfactants, (v) transferring the reactor outlet stream containing the additive to a catalyst deactivation and removal section, and (vi) deactivating the catalyst with caustic and removing the deactivated catalyst from the reactor outlet stream, wherein the residence time of the additive in the reactor outlet stream pri
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignees: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Linde AG
    Inventors: Peter M. Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Andreas Meiswinkel, Carsten Taube, Florian Winkler, Volker Göke, Wolfgang Müller, Anina Wöhl, Richard Schneider, Uwe Rosenthal, Helmut Fritz, Bernd H. Müller, Normen Peulecke, Stephan Peitz, Bhaskar Reddy Aluri, Mohammed Al-Hazmi, Shahid Majeed Azam, Fuad Mosa, Abdullah Al-Dugathier
  • Patent number: 8778827
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst composition comprising: (a) a binuclear chromium(II) complex; (b) a ligand of the general structure (A) R1R2P—N(R3)—P(R4)—N(R5)—H or (B) R1R2P—N(R3)—P(R4)—N(R5)—PR6R7, wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6 and R7 are independently selected from halogen, amino, trimethylsilyl, C1-C10-alkyl, aryl and substituted aryl, wherein the PNPN- or PNPNP-unit is optionally part of a ring system; and (c) an activator or co-catalyst, as well as to a process for oligomerization of ethylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignees: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Linde AG
    Inventors: Vugar Aliyev, Mohammed Al-Hazmi, Fuad Mosa, Peter M. Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Anina Wöhl, Wolfgang Müller, Florian Winkler, Anton Wellenhofer, Uwe Rosenthal, Bernd H. Müller, Marko Hapke, Normen Peulecke
  • Patent number: 8653316
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of linear low molecular weight alpha-olefins having 4 to 24 carbon atoms, comprising oligomerizing ethylene in an inert solvent in the presence of a catalyst system comprising: (i) zirconium carboxylate of the formula (R1COO)mZrCl4-m, wherein R1 is saturated or unsaturated aliphatic C1-C10 hydrocarbon or aromatic C6-C14 hydrocarbon and m fulfills 1?m?4, (ii) at least one aluminum compound selected from organoaluminum compounds of the formula R2nAlX3-n, wherein R2 is C1-C20 alkyl, X is chlorine, bromine or iodine, and n fulfills 1?n?2, and/or aluminoxanes, and (iii) at least two different additives selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, esters, ketones, ethers, amines, anhydrides, phosphines and sulfur compounds; as well as to a catalyst used therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Vugar O. Aliyev, Atieh Abu-Raqabah, Mohammad Zahoor
  • Patent number: 8637721
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a catalyst composition and a process for di-, tri- and/or tetramerization of ethylene, wherein the catalyst composition comprises a chromium compound, a ligand of the general structure (A) R1R2P—N(R3)—P(R4)—N(R5)—H or (B) R1R2P—N(R3)—P(R4)—N(R5)—PR6R7, or any cyclic derivatives of (A) and (B), wherein at least one of the P or N atoms of the PNPN-unit or PNPNP-unit is member of a ring system, the ring system being formed from one or more constituent compounds of structures (A) or (B) by substitution and a co-catalyst or activator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignees: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Linde AG
    Inventors: Peter M. Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Anina Wöhl, Wolfgang Müller, Florian Winkler, Anton Wellenhofer, Uwe Rosenthal, Bernd H. Müller, Marko Hapke, Normen Peulecke, Mohammed Hassan Al-Hazmi, Vugar O. Aliyev, Fuad Mohammed Mosa
  • Patent number: 8536391
    Abstract: This disclosure provides for alpha olefin oligomers and polyalphaolefins (or PAOs) and methods of making the alpha olefin oligomers and PAOs. This disclosure encompasses metallocene-based alpha olefin oligomerization catalyst systems, including those that include at least one metallocene and an activator comprising a solid oxide chemically-treated with an electron withdrawing anion. The alpha olefin oligomers and PAOs prepared with these catalyst systems can have a high viscosity index combined with a low pour point, making them particularly useful in lubricant compositions and as viscosity modifiers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Brooke L. Small, Kenneth D. Hope, Qing Yang, Albert P. Masino, Max P. McDaniel, Richard M. Buck, William B. Beaulieu, Eduardo J. Baralt, Eric J. Netemeyer, Bruce Kreischer
  • Patent number: 8524968
    Abstract: A process for making base oil, comprising: oligomerizing one or more olefins having a boiling point less than 82° C. in the presence of an ionic liquid catalyst to produce the base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. of 1100 mm2/s or higher. Also, a process, comprising: oligomerizing the olefins in the presence of an ionic liquid catalyst to produce the base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. of 300 mm2/s or higher and a low cloud point, wherein a wt % yield of products boiling at 482° C.+ (900° F.+) is at least 65 wt % of a total yield of products from the oligomerizing. Additionally, a process, comprising: oligomerizing the olefins in the presence of an ionic liquid catalyst to produce the base oil having a kinematic viscosity at 40° C. greater than 1100 mm2/s and a low cloud point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh A. Elomari, Stephen J. Miller, Sven Ivar Hommeltoft
  • Patent number: 8513478
    Abstract: Liquid poly-alpha-olefins having a KV100 of 2 to 6000 cSt, 20 weight percent dimer or less and a viscosity index of 60 or more are obtained by contacting in a reaction zone, in the presence of from 0 to 60 psi hydrogen, C3 to C20 alpha-olefin monomers with a non-coordinating anion activator, a single bridged meso-metallocene transition metal compound having less than about 35 wt % racemic isomer, and a co-activator. The molar ratio of activator to meso-metallocene is from 10:1 to 0.1:1, and the alpha-olefin monomers in the feed components are present in at least 20 wt % or more based upon the weight of the meso-metallocene, non-coordinating anion activator, co-activator, monomers, and solvent or diluent. The productivity of the process is at least 50,000 g of total product per gram of transition metal compound and no more than 5% monomer is converted from olefin to alkane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret M. Wu, Mark P. Hagemeister, Norman Yang
  • Patent number: 8487153
    Abstract: Methods for dimerizing alpha-olefins utilizing immobilized buffered catalysts wherein a buffered ionic liquid is mixed with an organometallic complex of the formula: where X is a halogen, n=2 or 3, M=Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co and Ni and R1, R2, R3 and R4 are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkyloxy, substituted aryl, and X are provided. A method for dimerizing alpha-olefins utilizing the immobilized buffered catalysts and a co-catalyst is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Phillips 66 Company
    Inventors: Matthias Dötterl, Roland Schmidt, Tanja Englmann, Christine Denner, Helmut G. Alt
  • Patent number: 8481444
    Abstract: Catalyst composition for the oligomerization of ethylene, comprising (i) an at least partially hydrolyzed transition metal compound, obtainable by controlled addition of water to a transition metal compound having the general formula MXm(OR?)4-m or MXm(OOCR?)4-m, wherein R? is an alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, aralkyl or cycloalkyl group, X is halogen, preferably Cl or Br, and m is from 0 to 4; preferably 0-3; and (ii) an organoaluminum compound as a cocatalyst, wherein the molar ratio of water and transition metal compound is within a range of between about (0.01-3):1; a process for oligomerization of ethylene and a method for preparing the catalyst composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
    Inventors: Vugar Aliyev, Fuad Mosa, Mohammed Al-Hazmi
  • Patent number: 8461406
    Abstract: According to the present invention there is provided a process for producing an oligomeric product by the oligomerisation of at least one olefinic compound including: A) providing an activated oligomerisation catalyst comprising the combination of: i) a source of a transition metal; ii) a ligating compound of the formula (R1)mX1(Y)X2(R2)n iii) a metal containing activator; and (iv) at least one olefinic compound; B) diluting the activated oligomerisation catalyst of A with an introduced liquid medium; and C) contacting the at least one olefinic compound to be oligomerised with the diluted activated catalyst of B to produce an oligomeric product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2013
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (PTY) Limited
    Inventors: Matthew James Overett, Kevin Blann, Esna Killian, David Hedley Morgan, Hulisani Maumela, Annette Bollmann, John Thomas Dixon
  • Patent number: 8395007
    Abstract: A renewable biofuel based on a highly efficient batch catalysis methodology for conversion of 1-butene to a new class of potential jet fuel blends. By tuning the catalyst and then using the dimer produced, the carbon use is about 95% or greater.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Michael E. Wright, Benjamin G. Harvey, Roxanne L. Quintana
  • Publication number: 20120302715
    Abstract: The invention relates to the field of producing polymers and copolymers of olefin oligomers produced by a trimerization reaction of olefin monomers. There is disclosed a process which comprises producing olefin oligomers with the aid of a trimerization catalyst system prepared using UHF irradiation for activating individual components of the trimerization catalyst system. The use of the trimerization catalyst system thus improved and having increased activity provides for increased effectiveness in the production of olefin oligomers from ethylene or other olefin monomers, inter alia, at a low pressure of ethylene. The olefin oligomers thus produced are then polymerized or copolymerized using processes known in the art. The technical effect consists in increasing the effectiveness of the production of olefin oligomers which are then used in a polymerization or copolymerization reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Inventors: Timur Mikhailovich Zilbershtein, Maxim Vladimirovich Lipskikh, Alexei Alexandrovich Nosikov, Georgy Viktorovich Nesyn
  • Patent number: 8269055
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the deactivation of an organometallic catalyst in the product stream from an oligomerization reactor for the production of linear alpha-olefin, characterized in that the catalyst-containing product stream of the reactor is subjected to a temperature of at least 160° C. in a heating device. A reactor system for the method of the invention is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignees: Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Linde AG
    Inventors: Peter Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Fuad Mosa, Talal Ali
  • Patent number: 8258361
    Abstract: The invention provides transition metal complex compounds, high-activity olefin oligomerization catalysts containing the compounds, and olefin oligomerization processes using the catalysts. A transition metal complex compound [A] according to the invention is represented by Formula (I) or Formula (I?) below. An olefin oligomerization catalyst includes the transition metal complex compound [A]. In an olefin oligomerization process of the invention, an olefin is oligomerized in the presence of the catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2012
    Assignee: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Yasuhiko Suzuki, Shinsuke Kinoshita, Atsushi Shibahara, Naritoshi Yoshimura, Isao Hara, Tetsuya Hamada, Kazumori Kawamura, Kou Tsurugi, Yasunori Saito, Seiichi Ishii, Yasushi Nakayama, Naoto Matsukawa, Susumu Murata
  • Patent number: 8207390
    Abstract: A low viscosity poly(alpha-olefin) (PAO) is produced by contacting one or more C3 to C24 alpha-olefins with an unbridged, substituted bis-cyclopentadienyl transition metal compound, a non-coordinating anion activator, and an alkyl-aluminum compound. The molar ratio of transition metal compound to activator is 10:1 to 0.1:1 and the molar ratio of alkyl aluminum compound to transition metal compound is 1:4 to 4000:1. The transition metal compound has either (a) at least one non-isoolefin substitution on both cyclopentadienyl rings, or (b) at least two substitutions on at least one cyclopentadienyl ring. The PAO is comprised of at least 50 mole % of C3 to C24 alpha-olefins, has a Mw/Mn between 1 and 1.4, and a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 20 cSt or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret May-Som Wu, Catalina L. Coker, John F. Walzer, Jr., Peijun Jiang
  • Patent number: 8207389
    Abstract: We provide a process for making a base oil, comprising: oligomerizing an olefin feed comprising propylene and propane with an ionic liquid catalyst at a temperature from 0° C. to 150° C. to make a base oil having: i. from 45 to 70 wt % hydrocarbons boiling at 482° C. (900° F.) or higher, ii. a viscosity index from 25 to 90, and iii. a cloud point less than ?25° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Stephen Joseph Miller
  • Patent number: 8198497
    Abstract: A catalytic composition for the selective oligomerization of ethylene and a process for preparing light linear (?-olefins, especially 1-hexene and 1-octene, starting from ethylene, using this composition, said composition comprising the following components: (A) a compound of a transition metal M of Group 4 of the periodic table; (B) an organic compound containing the sulfonic group (>SO2) bonded to two carbon atoms; (C) a hydrocarbyl organometallic compound of a metal M? selected from elements of Groups 1, 2, 12, 13 or 14 of the periodic table; components (A), (B) and (C) being in such a quantity that the atomic ratios respectively of the metal M in (A), of the sulfur S in the sulfonic group of (B) and of the metal M? in (C), respect the following proportions: S/M=(from 0 to 20)/1 and M?/M=(from 2 to 2000)/1, on the condition that when the compound of the metal M in component (A) is not a sulfonic complex of M, the S/M ratio is greater than 0.5, preferably greater than 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Polimeri Europa S.p.A.
    Inventors: Paolo Biagini, Liliana Gila
  • Patent number: 8198500
    Abstract: A process comprising contacting an olefin feed from a Fischer-Tropsch condensate with an isoparaffin, an acidic chloroaluminate ionic liquid catalyst, and a Brönsted acid; whereby a base oil is produced by concurrent oligomerization and alkylation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Russell Roland Krug, Stephen Joseph Miller
  • Patent number: 8124821
    Abstract: We provide a process, comprising: a. oligomerizing propylene in ionic liquid; b. optionally alkylating the oligomer; to make a base oil having: i. a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 2.9 mm2/s or greater, ii. a viscosity index from 25 to 90, and iii. a low cloud point. We provide a process, comprising: oligomerizing a feed comprising propylene and propane to make a base oil having: i. from 45 to 70 wt % hydrocarbons boiling at 900° F. or higher, ii. a viscosity index from 25 to 90, and iii. a low cloud point. We provide a process, comprising: a. mixing longer chain alpha olefins with propylene; b. oligomerizing the feed, to make a base oil having: i. a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. greater than 10 mm2/s; ii. a viscosity index from 50 to 90; iii. a low pour point; and iv. a low cloud point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Stephen J. Miller
  • Patent number: 8119851
    Abstract: A process for making a base oil, comprising: selecting a feed from a Fischer-Tropsch condensate; oligomerizing the feed in an ionic liquid; and0 alkylating the oligomer in the presence of an isoparaffin, in an ionic liquid alkylation zone, to form a product having: a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of 6.9 mm2/s or greater, a VI of at least 134, and a Bromine Number of less than 4. A process comprising: oligomerizing at least one olefin in a feed from a Fischer-Tropsch condensate, wherein an olefin fraction in the olefin feed comprises greater than 50 wt % C4+ olefins, and alkylating the oligomerized product to form a base oil product. A process comprising contacting an olefin feed from a Fischer-Tropsch condensate with an isoparaffin, an acidic chloroaluminate ionic liquid catalyst, and a Brönsted acid; whereby a base oil is produced by concurrent oligomerization and alkylation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventors: Saleh Elomari, Russell R. Krug, Stephen J. Miller
  • Patent number: 8080699
    Abstract: A final polymer product is formed using a two-stage process and system. In the first stage, a catalyst system is used to polymerize an alpha-olefin monomer to form an effluent. In the second stage, additional alpha-olefin monomer is supplied and is polymerized in the presence of the effluent from the first stage. The second stage produces the final polymer product, which may have a lower molecular weight and viscosity than the polymer formed in the first stage. The final polymer product may be used as a base stock for lubricant compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Chemtura Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel C. Knowles, Jesus R. Fabian
  • Patent number: 8076523
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for the oligomerization of at least one olefinic compound in the form of an olefin or a compound including art olefinic moiety by contacting the at least one olefinic compound with at least two different catalysis, namely a tetramerization catalyst and a further oligomerization catalyst. The tetramerization catalyst comprises a combination of a source of a transition metal and a ligating compound of the formula (R1)mX1(Y)X2(R2)n. The invention also relates to an oligomerization catalyst comprising the combination of (i) source of transition metal for both a tetramerization catalyst and a trimerization catalyst; (ii) a ligating compound for a tetramerization catalyst: (iii) a different ligating compound for a trimerization catalyst: and (iv) optionally an activator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Sasol Technology (PTY) Limited
    Inventors: Annette Bollmann, Hulisani Maumela, Kevin Blann
  • Patent number: 8076524
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing olefin comonomers from ethylene. The comonomer generated can be used in a subsequent process, such as a polyethylene polymerization reactor. The comonomer generated can be transported, optionally without isolation or storage, to a polyethylene polymerization reactor. One method includes the steps of: feeding ethylene and a catalyst in a solvent/diluent to one or more comonomer synthesis reactors; reacting the ethylene and the catalyst under reaction conditions sufficient to produce an effluent comprising a desired comonomer; forming a gas stream comprising unreacted ethylene, and a liquid/bottoms stream comprising the comonomer, optionally by passing the effluent to one or more downstream gas/liquid phase separators; and purifying at least a portion of said liquid/bottoms stream by removing at least one of solid polymer, catalyst, and undesirable olefins therefrom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Lattner, John F. Walzer, Jr., Krishnan Sankaranarayanan, John Scott Buchanan, Milind Bholanath Ajinkya, Stephen M Wood, Anastasios I Skoulidas, Jay L Reimers, Timothy Daniel Shaffer
  • Patent number: 8071835
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for producing polyolefins by one or more homogeneous or colloidal polymerization catalyst wherein residual catalyst is removed by using a solid sorbent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret May-Som Wu, Norman Yang, Mark Paul Hagemeister, Shakeel Tirmizi
  • Patent number: 8049052
    Abstract: A method of deactivate a catalyst system is described. The method may include contacting a reactor effluent comprising a catalyst system, an oligomerized olefin, and diluent with a kill agent to at least partially deactivate the catalyst system, separating the reactor effluent into one or more first streams comprising oligomerized olefin and diluent, the one or more first streams being substantially devoid of the at least partially deactivated catalyst, and a second stream comprising the deactivated catalyst; and contacting the second stream with a quench agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Bruce E Kreischer, Orson L Sydora, Ronald D Knudsen
  • Patent number: 8003839
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an in-line method for generating comonomer, from monomer, such as ethylene. The comonomer generated is stored prior to transporting to a polyethylene polymerization reactor. The in-line method includes the steps of providing an in-line comonomer synthesis reactor and a downstream gas/liquid phase separator prior to the polymerization reactor; feeding ethylene monomer and a catalyst in a solvent and/or diluent to the comonomer synthesis reactor; reacting the ethylene monomer and the catalyst in solvent and/or diluent under reaction conditions to produce an effluent stream including ethylene monomer and comonomer; passing the effluent stream from the comonomer synthesis reactor to the downstream gas/liquid phase separator to separate a gas stream from a bottom stream, wherein the gas stream is a mixture of ethylene monomer and comonomer; and passing the gas stream to the polymerization reactor to provide the necessary comonomer input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Exxonmobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John Scott Buchanan, Krishnan Sankaranarayanan, Milind B. Ajinkya, Stephen M. Wood, Anastasios I. Skoulidas, James R. Lattner, John F. Walzer
  • Patent number: 7989670
    Abstract: This invention relates to processes to produce liquid poly-alpha-olefins (PAOs) having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of more than 20 cSt in the presence of a metallocene catalyst with a non-coordinating anion activator and hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: Margaret May-Som Wu, Catalina L. Coker, John F. Walzer, Jr., Peijun Jiang, Steven P. Rucker
  • Patent number: 7982085
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an in-line method for generating comonomer from monomer, such as ethylene. The comonomer generated is directly transported, without isolation or storage, to a polyethylene polymerization reactor. The in-line method includes the steps of providing an in-line comonomer synthesis reactor and a downstream gas/liquid phase separator prior to the polymerization reactor; feeding ethylene monomer and a catalyst in a solvent and/or diluent to the comonomer synthesis reactor; reacting the ethylene monomer and the catalyst in solvent and/or diluent under reaction conditions to produce an effluent stream including ethylene monomer and comonomer; passing the effluent stream from the comonomer synthesis reactor to the downstream gas/liquid phase separator to separate a gas stream from a bottom stream, wherein the gas stream is a mixture of ethylene monomer and comonomer; and passing the gas stream to the polymerization reactor to provide the necessary comonomer input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Chemical Patents Inc.
    Inventors: John Scott Buchanan, Timothy D. Shaffer, James R. Lattner, John F. Walzer
  • Publication number: 20110054233
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and a reactor system, for the oligomerization of ethylene, comprising oligomerizing ethylene in a reactor in the presence of a solvent and a catalyst composition to produce a liquid product stream comprising linear alpha-olefins, solvent and catalyst composition, and deactivating and extracting the catalyst composition in said liquid product stream by mixing it with a polar phase in a dynamic mixing device having rotor and stator elements comprising concentric tool rings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2008
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Inventors: Fuad Mousa, Mohammed Al-Hazmi, Abdullah Al-Thauyyan, Mohammed Al-Musned, Wolfgang Müller, Peter M. Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Anton Wellenhofer, Andreas Meiswinkel, Carsten Taube, Richard Schneider, Florian Winkler, Helmut Fritz, Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Hans-Jörg Zander, Peter Ulbrich, Jan Segatz
  • Patent number: 7880047
    Abstract: The invention is directed to polyalphaolefins (PAOs) and processes for forming PAOs. In one embodiment, the invention is to a process for forming a PAO comprising polymerizing C8-C12 ?-olefin monomers in the presence of hydrogen, a C8-C12 saturated hydrocarbon, e.g., a C8-C12 saturated straight-chain hydrocarbon, and a catalyst system in a reaction vessel, wherein the C8-C12 saturated straight-chain hydrocarbon has about the same number of carbon atoms as the C8-C12 ?-olefin monomers. The C8-C12 saturated straight-chain hydrocarbon optionally is derived from a crude PAO product formed by the process of the invention. The invention is also directed to reaction systems for performing the processes of the invention, to processes for controlling PAO viscosity based on residence time, and to the removal of spent catalyst using a solid adsorbent particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2011
    Assignee: Chemtura Corporation
    Inventors: Daniel C. Knowles, Jesus R. Fabian, Vilen Vilan Kosover, Susan Ferrarotti, E. Brian Fox, Frank DeBlase
  • Publication number: 20100317904
    Abstract: This disclosure provides for alpha olefin oligomers and polyalphaolefins (or PAOs) and methods of making the alpha olefin oligomers and PAOs. This disclosure encompasses metallocene-based alpha olefin oligomerization catalyst systems, including those that include at least one metallocene and an activator comprising a solid oxide chemically-treated with an electron withdrawing anion. The alpha olefin oligomers and PAOs prepared with these catalyst systems can have a high viscosity index combined with a low pour point, making them particularly useful in lubricant compositions and as viscosity modifiers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 15, 2010
    Publication date: December 16, 2010
    Applicant: CHEVRON PHILLIPS CHEMICAL COMPANY LP
    Inventors: Brooke L. Small, Kenneth D. Hope, Albert P. Masino, Max P. McDaniel, Richard M. Buck, William B. Beaulieu, Qing Yang, Eduardo J. Baralt, Eric J. Netemeyer, Bruce Kreischer
  • Publication number: 20100292424
    Abstract: This invention discloses an improved process which employs mixed alpha-olefins as feed over activated metallocene catalyst systems to provide essentially random liquid polymers particularly useful in lubricant components or as functional fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2006
    Publication date: November 18, 2010
    Inventors: Margaret M. Wu, Norman Yang, Phil Surana, Anura Patil, Steven P. Rucker, Kuangnan Qian, Shakeel Tirmizi, Mark P. Hagemeister
  • Publication number: 20100274065
    Abstract: Among other things, this disclosure provides an olefin oligomerization system and process, the system comprising: a) a transition metal compound; b) a pyrrole compound having a hydrogen atom on at the 5-position or the 2- and 5-position of a pyrrole compound and having a bulky substituent located on each carbon atom adjacent to the carbon atom bearing a hydrogen atom at the 5-position or the 2- and 5-position of a pyrrole compound. These catalyst system have significantly improved productivities, selectivities to 1-hexene, and provides higher purity 1-hexene within the C6 fraction than catalyst systems using 2,4-dimethylpyrrole.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 30, 2010
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Applicant: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventor: Orson L. Sydora
  • Publication number: 20100191029
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for the preparation of linear alpha-olefins by oligomerization of ethylene in a reactor in the presence of a catalyst and solvent, wherein an outlet stream from the reactor comprising the solvent, catalyst and linear alpha-olefins is heated by at least one heating means to a temperature at which all or substantially all of the linear alpha-olefins are dissolved and/or melted in the outlet stream; and a reactor system therefor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2007
    Publication date: July 29, 2010
    Inventors: Peter M. Fritz, Heinz Bölt, Florian Winkler, Wolfgang Müller, Richard Schneider, Anton Wellenhofer, Fuad Mousa
  • Patent number: 7718838
    Abstract: A process is provided to stabilize and/or reactivate an olefin production catalyst system which comprises contacting an olefin production catalyst system, either before or after use, with an aromatic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: William M. Woodard, Warren M. Ewert, Harvey D. Hensley, Mark E. Lashier, Glyndal D. Cowan, Jeffrey W. Freeman, Ralph V. Franklin, Ronald D. Knudsen, Richard L. Anderson, Lyle R. Kallenbach, Bruce E. Kreischer
  • Patent number: 7696397
    Abstract: An improved catalytic composition for oligomerization, in particular dimerization, of monoolefins comprises the product resulting from bringing the following three constituents into contact in any order: a) at least one divalent nickel compound; b) at least one hydrocarbylaluminium dihalide, optionally enriched with an aluminum trihalide; and c) at least one organic Bronsted acid; the catalytic composition being pre-conditioned in a solvent before using it for oligomerization.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Dominique Commereuc, Alain Forestiere, François Hugues, Hélène Olivier
  • Publication number: 20100069687
    Abstract: A process for reducing the level of residual catalyst comprising one or more 1-halo-2-methylpropanes and a Group 13 metal catalyst from a crude polyolefins product, the process comprising contacting the crude organic product with a solid adsorbent in an adsorbent system. Also provided is a co-catalyst system for polymerizing alpha olefins.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2009
    Publication date: March 18, 2010
    Applicant: Chemtura Corporation
    Inventors: Vilen KOSOVER, Jesus R. FABIAN, Daniel C. KNOWLES, Mitchel COHN, Werner A. THURING
  • Patent number: 7615598
    Abstract: A method of continuously manufacturing a high viscosity polyalphaolefin product by introducing a monomer and an ionic liquid catalyst together into a reaction zone while simultaneously withdrawing from the reaction zone a reaction zone effluent that contains the high viscosity polyalphaolefin. The reaction zone is operated under reaction conditions suitable for producing the high viscosity polyalphaolefin product. The preferred high viscosity polyalphaolefin has a kinematic viscosity exceeding about 8 cSt and is the reaction product of the trimerization, oligomerization, or polymerization of an alpha olefin or a mixture of one or more product thereof. The high viscosity polyalphaolefins are useful as lubricants or lubricant additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP
    Inventors: Kenneth D. Hope, Donald A. Stern, Donald W. Twomey, J. Barry Collins
  • Patent number: 7550639
    Abstract: A process for producing an olefin oligomer, which comprises the steps of (1) contacting a transition metal compound with a compound represented by the formula, R1R2A—G—AR3R4, to produce a contact product (i), (2) contacting an alumoxane compound with an organoaluminum compound to produce a contact product (ii), and (3) contacting the contact product (i), the contact product (ii), and an olefin with one another, wherein A is a nitrogen atom, a phosphorus atom, an arsenic atom or an antimony atom; G is a divalent group; and R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently of one another a hydrocarbyl group, a halogenated hydrocarbyl group, an oxygen-containing hydrocarbyl group, a sulfur-containing hydrocarbyl group, a selenium-containing hydrocarbyl group, or a tellurium-containing hydrocarbyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2009
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventor: Masaaki Nabika
  • Patent number: 7488862
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the gas-phase (co-)polymerisation of olefins in a fluidised bed reactor using a Ziegler-Natta type catalyst characterised in that the polymerisation is performed in the presence of a monohalogenated hydrocarbon compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: Ineos Europe Limited
    Inventors: Claudine Lalanne-Magne, Caroline Royer-Mladenov, Martine Schneider
  • Patent number: 7429684
    Abstract: A process for preparing ?-olefins from ethylene wherein the ?-olefins are substantially free of olefins having greater than 12 carbon atoms comprises contacting ethylene under oligomerization conditions with a 2,6-bis(phenylimino) pyridyl metal halide catalyst in which the metal is Fe, Ni, Co or Pd.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2008
    Assignee: ExxonMobile Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Abhimanyu O. Patil, Stephen Zushma
  • Patent number: 7323611
    Abstract: A process for producing an olefin oligomer, which comprises the steps of (1) contacting an olefin with an organoaluminum compound to produce a contact product (i), (2) contacting a transition metal compound with a compound represented by the formula, R1R2A-G-AR3R4, to produce a contact product (ii), and (3) contacting the contact product (i), the contact product (ii), an alumoxane compound, and optionally an olefin with one another, wherein A is a nitrogen atom, a phosphorus atom, an arsenic atom or an antimony atom, and As are the same as or different from each other; G is a divalent group; and R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently of one another a hydrocarbyl group, a halogenated hydrocarbyl group, an oxygen-containing hydrocarbyl group, a sulfur-containing hydrocarbyl group, a selenium-containing hydrocarbyl group, or a tellurium-containing hydrocarbyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2008
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company Limited
    Inventor: Masaaki Nabika
  • Patent number: 7199075
    Abstract: A catalyst for the oligomerization of olefins, especially ethylene contains: at least one nickel complex e.g. Li2 Ni X2 that results from bringing into contact a nickel salt e.g. a nickel carboxylate with a bidentate chelating ligand containing a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound with an alcohol e.g. Ha-C(OH)RR?; and at least one hydrocarbylaluminum compound from tris(hydrocarbyl)aluminum compounds, chlorinated or brominated hydrocarbylaluminum compounds or at least one aluminoxane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2007
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Fredy Speiser, Pierre Braunstein, Lucien Saussine
  • Patent number: 7157612
    Abstract: A process is provided to stabilize and/or reactivate an olefin production catalyst system which comprises contacting an olefin production catalyst system, either before or after use, with an aromatic compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2007
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventors: Warren M. Ewert, William M. Woodard, Harvey D. Hensley, Mark E. Lashier, Glyndal D. Cowan, Jeffrey W. Freeman, Ralph V. Franklin, Ronald D. Knudsen, Richard L. Anderson, Lyle R. Kallenbach, Bruce E. Kreischer