Head Patents (Class 606/204.15)
  • Patent number: 10390602
    Abstract: The present invention is an electro-mechanical external skin pulling device for users to pull/stretch and hold in place their skin in an easy, reliable, safe and predictable manner to enable facial, eye, cheek, neck and/or throat appearance modifications, integrated with an optional wireless remote control adjustment/monitoring system using either a mobile communication device running an application for the present invention or a dedicated remote control device to adjust and maintain the desired skin alteration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Inventor: Robert Phillip Willet, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9936792
    Abstract: A facial lift device to be placed behind the lips and above the gums disposed alongside the buccal and facial surface of a living human maxilla or a human mandible no further than the most posterior tooth of one side to the most posterior tooth of the opposite side of said maxilla or mandible. The facial device embodies an outward lifting force when placed within the human mouth under the lips and alongside the anterior vestibule centered on the frenulum, such that when said facial lift device is forced behind the maxilla or mandible lips, the facial lift will forcibly lift out the dermal layer reducing and removing lower facial wrinkles within the perioral region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Inventor: Craig Bruce
  • Patent number: 9861831
    Abstract: Described are methods and systems for reshaping a cartilage structure. Such methods comprise treating the cartilage structure with electromagnetic energy and fitting a device to the cartilage structure to retain it in the desired place, form, and/or orientation. Systems comprise an emitter of electromagnetic energy and a device to the cartilage structure to retain it in the desired place, form, and/or orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: Chondrocyte, LLC
    Inventors: Pascal Servell, Jack Savage, Shilo C. Case, Gregg D. Niven
  • Patent number: 9539165
    Abstract: A device worn by a patient for maintaining pressure at appropriate points on a patient's abdomen for treating gastroesophageal reflux and heartburn. The pressure is applied by the utilization of two protrusions. The position of both of the protrusions can be adjusted laterally relative to one another to ensure that pressure is applied to the correct position on the patient's body. Alternatively, the protrusions can be inflated to a particular level, allowing the protrusions to apply pressure to the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Inventor: Brian Heller
  • Patent number: 9474910
    Abstract: Described are methods and systems for reshaping a cartilage structure. Such methods comprise treating the cartilage structure with electromagnetic energy and fitting a device to the cartilage structure to retain it in the desired place, form, and/or orientation. Systems comprise an emitter of electromagnetic energy and a device to the cartilage structure to retain it in the desired place, form, and/or orientation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Chondrocyte, LLC
    Inventors: Pascal Servell, Jack Savage, Shilo C. Case, Gregg D. Niven
  • Patent number: 8985120
    Abstract: A first embodiment can be a method to reduce SLOSH energy absorption within an organism by reducing the inelastic collisions. A fluid containing organism can utilize an embodiment of the method wherein one or more of reversibly increasing pressure within the organs or cells, reversibly increasing the volume within the organs or cells, reversibly altering vascular, molecular, or cell wall stiffness, or reversibly altering vascular, molecular, or cell wall configuration within said organism may reduce these collisions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: TBI Innovations, LLC
    Inventor: David William Smith
  • Publication number: 20150057701
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and devices used to treat eyelids, meibomian glands, ducts, and surrounding tissue are described herein. In some embodiments, an eye treatment device is disclosed, which includes a scleral shield positionable proximate an inner surface of an eyelid, the scleral shield being made of, or coated with, an energy-absorbing material activated by a light energy, and an energy transducer positionable outside of the eyelid, the energy transducer configured to provide light energy at one or more wavelengths, including a first wavelength selected to heat the energy-absorbing material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Brian S. Kelleher, Kabir Gambhir
  • Publication number: 20150051639
    Abstract: Retaining devices for use with ears of a subject may include a first portion configured to be secured to a subject's head and a second portion configured to position the helix of the subject's ear. Methods of reshaping tissue of a subject's ear may include performing a laser treatment on the tissue of the subject's ear and installing a retaining device on the subject's ear.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Shilo C. Case, Gregg D. Niven, Pascal Servell, Jack Savage
  • Patent number: 8940013
    Abstract: A human skin treatment arrangement configured to treat surface conditions of human skin, especially the wrinkle, fine lines or scar appeared on the surface of human face, or for improving absorption efficiency of cosmetic or medical transdermal agent. In a treatment mode, the arrangement is configured for attaching to a portion of human skin such that the area of the human skin under treatment is maintained in a stretched position to enhance the treatment effect. In a further embodiment, the arrangement comprises a wrinkle relief agent, a scar relief agent or a cosmetic or medical transdermal agent to treat the surface of the skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Inventor: Peter Ar-Fu Lam
  • Patent number: 8876856
    Abstract: A human skin treatment arrangement configured to treat surface conditions of human skin, especially the wrinkle, fine lines or scar appeared on the surface of human face. In a treatment mode, the arrangement is configured for attaching to a portion of human skin such that the area of the human skin under treatment is maintained in a stretched position to enhance the treatment effect. In a further embodiment, the arrangement comprises a wrinkle relief agent or a scar relief agent to treat the surface of the skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Inventor: Peter Ar-Fu Lam
  • Publication number: 20140188158
    Abstract: Described are methods of reshaping a cartilage structure. One such method comprises creating a virtual three dimensional image of the cartilage structure; manipulating the virtual three dimensional image of the cartilage structure so as to obtain a virtual three dimensional image of a desired final shape of the cartilage structure; creating a virtual prototype of a device to hold the cartilage structure in the desired final shape of the cartilage structure; manufacturing the device; lasing the cartilage structure; and fitting the manufactured device to the cartilage structure (e.g., ear).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 4, 2014
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Applicant: Chondrocyte LLC
    Inventors: Pascal Servell, Serge Mordon, Jack Savage
  • Publication number: 20140163607
    Abstract: The present invention provides a posture correcting tool which has a simple structure and can be used easily. The posture correcting tool includes an attachment member 10 attachable to the head of a user and at least one pressing portion 20 which is provided in the attachment member 10, protrudes from the attachment member 10 toward the head of the user, and can press at least a portion of a peripheral surface of the head including the forehead of the user. The attachment member 10 is formed of an elastic material formed into a ring shape attachable to the peripheral surface of the head of the user, and the pressing portion 20 presses the head of the user with contractive force of the attachment member 10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Inventor: Hirofumi Tominaga
  • Patent number: 8715347
    Abstract: Described are methods of reshaping a cartilage structure. One such method comprises creating a virtual three dimensional image of the cartilage structure; manipulating the virtual three dimensional image of the cartilage structure so as to obtain a virtual three dimensional image of a desired final shape of the cartilage structure; creating a virtual prototype of a device to hold the cartilage structure in the desired final shape of the cartilage structure; manufacturing the device; lasing the cartilage structure; and fitting the manufactured device to the cartilage structure (e.g., ear).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Chondrocyte, LLC
    Inventors: Pascal Servell, Serge Mordon, Jack Savage
  • Publication number: 20140074115
    Abstract: Devices and methods for applying tension to an area of skin during various cosmetic or dermatological procedures, in particular for follicular unit removal and/or implantation in a hair transplantation procedure, are provided. The systems and methods utilize a segmented structure configured to conform to the body surface of various sizes, shapes and/or textures, thus allowing for customization in order to fit a variety of persons. In some embodiments, the tensioning device may be temporary secured, for example, to a patient chair.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: Restoration Robotics, Inc.
    Inventor: Clifford A. Oostman, JR.
  • Patent number: 8512370
    Abstract: The present invention provides a head-rest pillow that aids the user in sleeping by relieving their sinus congestion discomfort and snoring that may be associated with such congestion. The pillow comprises a core layer that has plurality of firm balls sewn in it forming compartmentalized section. The core layer is covered with a batting layer that is sewn all around the core layer for purposes of cushioning and providing comfort to the user. This combination of core and batting layer and inserted in a hollow pillow case that covers the core and batting layer, providing a head-rest pillow for a user to use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Inventor: Susan M. Sorensen
  • Patent number: 8491510
    Abstract: A system and method for correcting misshaped ears using a base section defining an opening dimensioned to accommodate the passage of the ear through the opening and a top section releasably engageable with the base section defining a compartment therebetween. A first stint can be arranged on an anterior surface of the base section to maintain a desired anatomic shape of the ear essentially in an area of the antihelix and the superior limb of the triangular fossa. A second stint can be placed in an area of the scapha of the ear to maintain a desired contour of the scaphal area. A conchal stint can be placed in the concha to maintain a desired anatomic shape of the concha. The top section can be engaged to maintain a desired amount of stabilizing pressure on the ear, the first stint, the second stint, and conchal stint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Beacon Medical Limited
    Inventors: Henry Stephenson Byrd, C. Kenneth French, Garrett Barker
  • Publication number: 20130152944
    Abstract: Provided are a skin patch sheet including a carrier sheet, an adhesive patch and a release liner laminated in this order, in which (a) the adhesive patch includes two layers, namely, a backing and an adhesive layer having the same shape; (b) the carrier sheet is adjacent to the backing of the adhesive patch; (c) the skin patch sheet includes a grip section and a body section; (d) in the body section or the body section and grip section, the area of the release liner is larger than the area of the adhesive patch; (e) the boundary between the grip section and the body section is a slit line formed by a slit; and (f) the slit extends from the side of the release liner, penetrating into the adhesive patch, up to a depth in the range of greater than or equal to 20% and less than 50% of the thickness on the adhesive patch side of the carrier sheet; a skin patch sheet in which plural sheets of adhesive patches on which carrier sheets are laminated are formed in a parallel arrangement on a release liner; use of the s
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Inventors: Masaki Okada, Akihito Takezaki, Takahiro Kajiwara
  • Publication number: 20130048532
    Abstract: A device for treatment of nosebleeds having an elongated body configured to be positioned between the upper gum and the portion of the face below the nose and above the top lip of a human. When so positioned intra-orally, the device exerts pressure on an area of nasal vascularization of the human. Also, a nosebleed package having a sterile inside environment and a nosebleed device packaged therein, and a box containing a plurality of nosebleed packages.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Inventor: Amy Diane Rix
  • Publication number: 20120253384
    Abstract: “Nicy Migraine Hugger”, will help assist the many millions of people, who suffer from pains, associated with headaches and migraines, until they are able to reach a more permanent solution. The hugger's pressure and coolness, works together to reach the main nerve points of the head, where the pain from headaches and migraines are. It fits nicely around the whole hairline, and will fit under or on top of the hair. The hugger is comfortable, because it is supported by four pouches, located under the flexible liner. The liner can be bended, which makes it possible for it to be turned into many directions. Since this product is flexible, it will package easily, in addition, it weighs only a few ounces, therefore making is less expensive to ship. The total expenses to make this hugger is a comparable advantage, because the average consumer will benefit as they will be able to afford to own one.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2011
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventors: Cynthia Lee Bosnyak, Tina Marie Bosnyak
  • Publication number: 20120226307
    Abstract: A networked system in which the majority of data bypass the server (101) to improve end-to-end performance of network access by achieving higher throughput between the network (130) and storage system (110). The apparatus consists of a network interface (120), server computer interface (240), and storage interface (250); and a switching element (201) and a high-layer protocol decoding and control unit (205). Incoming traffic is decoded and compared against a routing table. If there is a matching entry, it will be routed to the storage interface or sent to the server for further processing by default. The routing table entries are set up based on the initial nature of the applications. Subsequently, barring any changes or errors, there will be no data exchange between the server and the device. There may also be a speed matching funcion between the network and storage, load balancing function for servers, and flow control for priority and QOS purposes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2001
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Inventors: Pascal Servell, Serge Mordon, Jack Savage
  • Patent number: 8235929
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of treating dermatologic pruritis. The skin involved with purities is covered with an organic cloth in order to make it more difficult to scratch. The contact of the organic cloth not only makes it difficult to scratch but adds a soothing feel thus lessening the tendency to need to scratch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2012
    Inventor: Santea B. Griffin
  • Patent number: 8136530
    Abstract: A system and method for correcting misshaped ears using a base section defining an opening dimensioned to accommodate the passage of the ear through the opening and a top section releasably engageable with the base section defining a compartment therebetween. A first stint can be arranged on an anterior surface of the base section to maintain a desired anatomic shape of the ear essentially in an area of the antihelix and the superior limb of the triangular fossa. A second stint can be placed in an area of the scapha of the ear to maintain a desired contour of the scaphal area. A conchal stint can be placed in the concha to maintain a desired anatomic shape of the concha. The top section can be engaged to maintain a desired amount of stabilizing pressure on the ear, the first stint, the second stint, and conchal stint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Inventors: Henry Stephenson Byrd, C. Kenneth French, Garrett Barker
  • Publication number: 20110130786
    Abstract: Methods for treating a headache of an individual with a pair of prosthetic intra-aural devices are provided. The methods includes inserting one of the intra-aural devices into each ear canal of the person. Later, the person may remove the intra-aural device from each ear canal. Each of the intra aural devices has a predefined shape substantially conforming to each ear canal, and is hollow in its interior to permit hearing, yet rigid enough to maintain its shape once inserted into the ear canal. The intra-aural device may be inserted at the onset of or prior to the symptoms of a headache, and may remain inserted until the headache lessens in severity, subsides or at any other time period. For migraine or other chronic headaches, the intra-aural devices may be worn to reduce at least one of the frequency, severity, and/or duration of the migraine headaches.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2009
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicant: Ascentia Health, Inc.
    Inventors: Lawrence G. Clayton, William R. Coole
  • Publication number: 20110129531
    Abstract: The present specification provides compositions useful as dermal fillers and methods using such compositions to treat a condition of skin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicant: ALLERGAN, INC.
    Inventors: ADAM L. COLLETTE, REBECCA L. HORAN, JINGSONG CHEN, GREGORY H. ALTMAN
  • Publication number: 20100071138
    Abstract: A device for correcting the shape of an infant's abnormally-shaped cranium by applying external forces over time with the growth of an infant to achieve normal shaping of the infant's head. The device applies inwardly-directed external forces only to areas of bony prominence and minimizes (or altogether eliminates) these forces on the areas of the skull that are less prominent (or flattened). Because the present invention is non-conforming to the shape of an abnormal skull, the exerted forces cause accelerated expansion of the skull in less prominent (flattened) areas coincident with brain and skull growth. This causes the cranium to return to a normal symmetric cranial shape. The material that contacts the infant's cranium is semi-rigid, relatively non-flexible, and maintains its overall shape under stress. For an infant with an already normally-shaped cranium, the device causes the infant's cranium to grow evenly and maintain its normal shape, and thus prevents abnormal cranial shaping.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2009
    Publication date: March 25, 2010
    Inventor: Micam W. Tullous
  • Patent number: 7618429
    Abstract: A skin rejuvenation resurfacing procedure comprising performing a punctile resurfacing procedure using a oscillating, reciprocating high speed, non-thermal, needle-based device for inducing mechanical trauma to an area of the skin to be treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2009
    Assignee: SpaMedica International SRL
    Inventor: R. Stephen Mulholland
  • Publication number: 20090138040
    Abstract: A cranial apparatus for applying pressure and/or decompression to a patient's skull, the cranial apparatus includes: a means for providing left and right reversible inflation against the left and right sides of a patient's skull; a means for providing opposing left and right counter forces in the x-axis; a means for providing downward pressure in the y-plane against the top of a patient's skull; a means for providing a counter-force in an upwards direction in the y-axis; and a means for providing working fluid to the means for providing left and right reversible inflation against the left and right sides of a patient's skull.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2008
    Publication date: May 28, 2009
    Inventor: AFSHIN AL FALLAH
  • Publication number: 20080306507
    Abstract: A therapeutic beauty mask comprising a mask body (1), means (2) for attaching and securing the body to cover at least a portion of a person's face, and a plurality of pressure points (3) extending from an undersurface of the mask body (1), said pressure points (3) being adapted or adjustable to coincide with known acupressure points of the human face.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2004
    Publication date: December 11, 2008
    Applicant: ATQOL PTY LTD
    Inventor: John Vivian Woodley
  • Patent number: 7077140
    Abstract: A method for preventing a spread of diseases, promoting better breathing, improving comfort and reducing fatigue. The method utilizes a face mask and a noseform of the type disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,976,173, which is incorporated herein by reference, In a first embodiment, the noseform is an integral part of a mask by forming, adhesion or heat bonding. In a second embodiment, the noseform is added to the mask prior to placing the mask in service with a usual method such as adhesion. In the first embodiment, the noseform is initially mounted on a person's nose by adhesively attaching the noseform to a lower portion of the nose, sliding the noseform upwardly toward the person's forehead and glabella and attaching an upper portion of the noseform to a fixed portion of the nose just below the glabella. The effect of this procedure is to shorten the person's airway and dilate the person's nasal passages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2006
    Inventor: Joseph J. Berke
  • Patent number: 6773449
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for applying occipital pressure to a human head. The human head has frontal, parietal, and occipital bones. The frontal bone generally is on a front portion of the head, the occipital bone generally is on a back portion of the head, and the parietal bones generally extend between the frontal and occipital bones. The apparatus comprises a harness adapted to overlie the frontal bone, and a pad adapted to apply a therapeutic force to the occipital bone. The pad has first and second ends attached to the harness. And the pad has first and second protrusions that extend generally toward the harness and that are adapted to overlie the occipital bone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Inventor: Robert Wexler
  • Patent number: 6638295
    Abstract: Disclosed is an apparatus and method for aiding in compressing an extracranial blood vessel, the apparatus having a biasing member, or spring, for producing a constant force, and two elongated curved arms connected to the biasing member for transmitting the force. The connected arms define a substantially elliptical curve having the biasing member positioned along a major axis of the elliptical curve, and a pressure applicator connected to each arm for applying the force to the skin in the form of pressure, to thereby aid in compressing the underlying blood vessel. Each arm comprises a proximal arm portion connected to the spring, a distal arm portion pivotably connected to the proximal arm portion, and a pressure applicator connected to the distal arm portion. The device is substantially foldable by pivoting each distal arm portion to a position alongside its proximal arm portion, thereby folding the arm. The pressure may be applied with motion to thereby provide a substantially massaging action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2003
    Inventor: Frederikus Johannes Schröer
  • Publication number: 20020091346
    Abstract: A pad for preventing and/or retarding the appearance of and/or for treating facial wrinkles and particularly wrinkles of the upper lip. The pad includes a plurality of segments of tissue stacked on top of each other. The segments have a longer dimension of from about one to about six inches and a shorter dimension of from about one-quarter to about three-quarters of an inch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 10, 2001
    Publication date: July 11, 2002
    Inventor: Hortense Amernick
  • Publication number: 20020007195
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for applying occiputal pressure to a human head. The human head has frontal, parietal, and occipital bones. The frontal bones generally are on a front portion of the head, the occiputal bones generally are on a back portion of the head, and the parietal bones generally extend between the frontal and parietal bones. The apparatus comprises a harness adapted to overlie the frontal bones, and a pad adapted to apply a therapeutic force to the occiputal bones. The pad has first and second ends attached to the harness. And the pad has first and second protrusions that extend generally toward the harness and that are adapted to overlie respective ones of the occipital bones.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2001
    Publication date: January 17, 2002
    Inventor: Robert Wexler
  • Patent number: 6328756
    Abstract: A pad for preventing and/or retarding the appearance of and/or for treating facial wrinkles and particularly wrinkles of the upper lip. The pad includes a plurality of segments of tissue stacked on top of each other. The segments have a longer dimension of from about one to about six inches and a shorter dimension of from about one-quarter to about three-quarters of an inch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2001
    Inventor: Hortense Amernick
  • Patent number: 6315743
    Abstract: An apparatus for applying substantially constant pressures to the temple areas of a user's head, thereby relieving the user's headache is provided. A preferred embodiment of the apparatus comprises a C-shaped frame member which fits over the top of the user's head such that each end of the frame member is substantially aligned with a respective one of the user's two temple areas. Each end of the frame member is further coupled to a head contact assembly which, in use, is pressed against a respective one of the two temple areas of the user's forehead. Each head contact assembly is user-adjustable, preferably comprising a threaded screw member which screws through a corresponding threaded hole in a respective end of the C-shaped frame member. This allows the user to turn the head contact assembly either clock-wise or counter clock-wise, effectively increasing or decreasing the amount of pressure applied by the apparatus to each of the user's respective temple areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Inventor: Jack Guest
  • Patent number: 6238413
    Abstract: A mounting apparatus for applying pressure to the back of a human head having a harness for attaching the apparatus to the front portion of the head and a therapeutic pad attached to the harness. The therapeutic pad has a first and a second protrusion on an inner surface thereof, each adapted to contact an occiput at the back of the head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Inventor: Robert Wexler
  • Patent number: 6206902
    Abstract: A nose pack includes: a moisture-permeable base sheet, and a film-forming cosmetic substance contained in and carried by the base sheet; the base sheet having a slit in a lower portion thereof for defining an opening such that an upper edge of the opening is applicable to at least an apex portion of a nose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: Daiya Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Daizo Morikane
  • Patent number: 6193740
    Abstract: The eye pillows of the present invention, used for therapeutic treatment of a user's eye and accu-pressure points around the user's eye, each include a hollow shell formed of a pliable material, and a predetermined amount of particulate material having a predetermined weight contained in the shell. The amount and weight of the particulate material and the pliability of the shell are selected so that when the pillow is placed over a user's eye, the shell conforms to, fills in, and applies evenly distributed pressure to the eye socket around the user's eye, including evenly distributed pressure to accu-pressure points around the eye. The pillows can be individually applied, connected together with a strap or head band, or even removably or integrally attached to a larger pillow or mask.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2001
    Inventor: Andrea Janine Rodriguez