Applying Electrical Energy To The Heart Through Intact Skin (e.g., Defibrillator Paddle-type) Patents (Class 607/142)
  • Patent number: 11097094
    Abstract: In embodiments, a wearable cardiac defibrillation (WCD) system includes one or more flexible ECG electrodes. The WCD system may have a support structure that is dimensioned to be worn so as to press the electrodes towards the body of the patient. The electrodes may be made from appropriate material so as to flex in order to match a contour of the body of the patient. An advantage over the prior art is that the flexible electrode may make better electrical contact with the patient's skin, and therefore provide a better ECG signal for the WCD system to perform its diagnosis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2021
    Assignee: West Affum Holdings Corp.
    Inventors: William Edward Crone, Dallas Eugene Meeker, Robert Rueben Buchanan, Douglas Keith Medema, David Peter Finch, Laura Marie Gustavson, Daniel James Finney
  • Patent number: 10932985
    Abstract: A method of stimulation of a body of a user for therapeutic effects having the steps of providing a stimulator connected to a garment. The garment is connected to a first predetermined location on a user's body. Positioning a user's body at a predetermined orientation. The next step includes applying stimulation from the stimulator to the first predetermined location on the user's body so that therapeutic effects are experienced at both the first predetermined location and at a second predetermined location of a user's body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Inventor: Ryan Whelton
  • Patent number: 10828501
    Abstract: A medical device can include a housing, an energy storage module within the housing to store an electrical charge, and a defibrillation port to guide via electrodes the stored electrical charge to a person in need of medical assistance. The medical device can also include a processor to perform a patient signal analysis on an electrocardiogram (ECG) signal corresponding to the person and further determine, based on a result of the patient signal analysis, whether post-shock transcutaneous pacing should be performed on the person.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: Physio-Control, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph L. Sullivan, Fred W. Chapman
  • Patent number: 10799709
    Abstract: There is provided herein a small form factor portable automatic external defibrillator (AED) having a controller, a charging circuit and a discharge circuit to discharge capacitors using a respective pair of electrode pads. The defibrillator may be separable into two portions at a bisection. Each portion may have a respective electrode pad on corresponding upper surfaces thereof for electrical contact with the chest. A circuit completion wire may complete the electric circuit between the two portions. The defibrillator may comprise a peel-off layer covering both adjacent electrodes. The peel-off layer is adhered to the board at peripheral edges thereof. As such, when pressure is applied to the bisection, the board snaps into the two portions and the peel-off layer simultaneously peels from the portions. In this way, the defibrillator may be deployed quickly with a single break apart manoeuver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2020
    Assignee: CellAED Life Saver Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Erol Teber, Donovan Casey
  • Patent number: 10730526
    Abstract: A driver assist design analysis system includes a processing system and a database that stores vehicle data, vehicle operational data, vehicle accident data, and environmental data related to the configuration and operation of a plurality of vehicles with driver assist systems or features. The driver assist design analysis system also includes one or more analysis engines that execute on the processing system to determine one or more driving anomalies (e.g., accidents or poor driving operation) based on the vehicle operational data, and that correlate or determine a statistical relationship between the driving anomalies and the operation of the driver assist systems or features.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: CCC INFORMATION SERVICES INC.
    Inventor: Marc Fredman
  • Patent number: 10695266
    Abstract: An efficient spontaneous electrochemical current interacting press needle that relates to an acupuncture press needle of traditional Chinese medicine is provided. The efficient spontaneous electrochemical current interacting press needle includes a press needle and a conductive medical tape that fixes the press needle and attaches other press needles. The conductive medical tape includes a conductive adhesive and a gummed cloth. The press needle is adapted to be fixed on the conductive medical tape that fixes the press needle and attaches other press needles. In addition, a connecting conductive medical tape and/or an external conductor connecting point that is capable of attaching two or more press needles is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: HANGZHOU YUANLI MEDICAL INSTRUMENT Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Chaolun Zhang
  • Patent number: 10632302
    Abstract: In embodiments, a wearable cardiac defibrillation (WCD) system includes one or more electrode assemblies. The WCD system may have a support structure that is dimensioned to be worn so as to press the electrode assembly towards the body of the patient. The electrode assembly may have an electrode, and a compressible pillow structure that is compressed when the electrode assembly is pressed towards the body of the patient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: West Affum Holdings Corp.
    Inventors: William Edward Crone, Dallas Eugene Meeker, Robert Reuben Buchanan, Douglas Keith Medema, David Peter Finch, Laura Marie Gustavson, Daniel James Finney
  • Patent number: 10391297
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and to an apparatus for treating, diagnosing and/or monitoring a patient having a heart, a heart rhythm comprising periodically repeating Q, R, S and T waves of an electrocardiogram and a peripheral vascular system, said electrocardiogram exhibiting a repeating QRSTQ heart rhythm having a Q-T systole duration, a T-Q diastole duration and an R-R path length, said patient having a pulse rate corresponding to said R-R path length, the apparatus comprising a plurality of electrodes attachable externally or internally to the patient for electrically stimulating the patient non-invasively or invasively, in synchronization with the heart rhythm, by trains of pulses applied to the patient, determining, for cycles of the heart rhythm, a time corresponding to the end of an associated T-wave and applying trains of electrical stimulation pulses within a range of ?15% to ?1% corresponding to said R-R path length before the end of the T-wave and having a train duration selected in
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: Cardiola Ltd.
    Inventor: Glenn Stanley
  • Patent number: 10314506
    Abstract: A heart activity sensor structure includes a flexible substrate being substantially non-conductive, at least two electrodes printed on one side of the flexible substrate and configured to be placed against a skin of a user in order to measure biometric signals related to heart activity, and an electrostatic discharge shield printed on opposite side the flexible textile substrate, compared to the printing of the at least two electrodes, for protecting the at least two electrodes from static electricity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: POLAR ELECTRO OY
    Inventors: Seppo Korkala, Elias Pekonen, Juhani Kemppainen, Pekka Rytky, Jarmo Saaski
  • Patent number: 10232166
    Abstract: A defibrillation pad for a defibrillator, includes: a pair of electrode pads (10) each including a gel portion (12); lead wires (21, 22); a pair of nonconductive release liners (30A, 30B) each detachably stuck to the corresponding gel portion (12) and each having a through hole (32A, 32B) opposed to the corresponding gel portion; and a connecting member (40) comprising an electric connecting pattern (41) having a predetermined electrical resistance, wherein the pair of gel portions (12), each of which is exposed from the corresponding through hole (32A, 32B), are electrically connected to each other through the electric connecting pattern (41) in a state where each of the pair of release liners (30A, 30B) are stuck to the corresponding gel portion. The connecting member (40) has a cut region (45) by which the pair of gel portions are electrically disconnected to each other when the pair of electrode pads are stuck to a living body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: NIHON KOHDEN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michio Kanemoto, Shigehiro Nishiwaki, Ryugo Odaka, Takeshi Akiyama, Yuya Komeiji, Eishi Harasawa
  • Patent number: 10226615
    Abstract: An electrode set is disclosed for a defibrillator, the set including at least two electrodes each having a carrier layer, a conductive contact layer, a conductive gel layer, and a non-conductive electrode cover. In the storage state of the electrode set, the electrode covers lie against each other in a planar relationship at least portion-wise, on the side that is remote from the gel layer of the at least two electrodes. The gel layers of the electrodes are directly in contact with each other in a portion-wise manner by way of two openings in the electrode covers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: Leonh. Lang
    Inventors: Burrhus Lang, Simon Foeger
  • Patent number: 10004894
    Abstract: A defibrillator can include a first electrode and a second electrode where at least one of the electrodes includes more than one independently positionable pad. Such independently positionable pads, in various instances, may allow for alternative positioning of the components of an electrode when defibrillation is carried out during electrophysiological procedures in which placement of conventional electrodes is inadvisable, difficult, or impractical.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2018
    Assignee: Intermountain Intellectual Asset Management, LLC
    Inventor: Thomas Jared Bunch
  • Patent number: 9968514
    Abstract: A system and method for use during the administration of CPR chest compressions and defibrillating shock on a cardiac arrest victim. The system analyzes compression waveforms from a compression depth monitor to determine the source of chest compressions, and enables the delivery of defibrillating shock during a compression cycle if the compression waveforms are characteristic of an automated CPR chest compression device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: ZOLL Medical Corporation
    Inventors: Ulrich R Herken, Gary A Freeman
  • Patent number: 9901734
    Abstract: A device for nerve stimulation therapy that includes at least one current generator, a housing having an outer surface and defining an interior cavity. The current generator includes a power supply and at least one current regulator, the and is configured to supply therapeutic current for a therapy interval. The device includes at least two leads electrically connected to the current generator and coupled to an associated electrode at least one electrode. The electrode has an insertion tip defined at the end of the electrode opposed to the lead such that the wherein the connection between the insertion tip and a central section of the electrode defines an angle that is not equal to 180 degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Inventor: Renee Bennett
  • Patent number: 9474892
    Abstract: A method and system for improving the effectiveness of cardioversion and defibrillation through the ability to reduce transthoracic impedance. A method and system of decreasing transthoracic impedance that allows standardized pressure to be applied directly over desired defibrillator patches. This system reduces transthoracic impedance by increasing effective pressure on desired patches through use of a manual depressor device which incorporates a deformable patient body interface and mechanical and or electronic mechanisms to provide qualitative and or quantitative feedback on the force being applied to said patches. By depressing the device over desired external adhesive electrode patches until an audio and or visual signal indicates sufficient applied pressure, increased patch to skin contact is achieved to decrease the effective transthoracic impedance of a patient upon delivery of a defibrillation shock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: Nexus Control Systems, LLC
    Inventors: Aaron Chang, Melinda Chen, Piyush Poddar, Rohil Malpani, Peter Malamas, Sandya Subramanian, Joon Eoh, Kevin George, Todd J. Cohen
  • Patent number: 9393402
    Abstract: An external defibrillator can include a tray and a plurality of electrode pads located within the tray. At least one of the plurality of electrode pads can include an electrode contact structure that can be applied to a patient, a wire electrically coupling the electrode contact structure to the external defibrillator, and a release liner adhered to the electrode contact structure of the electrode pad. A portion of the release liner can be affixed to a portion of the tray such that, when an end of the electrode pad is pulled, the electrode pad is removed from the release liner, the electrode pad is removed from the tray, and the release liner remains affixed to the tray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: PHYSIO-CONTROL, INC.
    Inventors: Ethan Albright, Ramesh Ammanath
  • Patent number: 9273234
    Abstract: Release film furnished on at least one side with a release layer (c) based on at least one cured polysiloxane, the film comprising at least one inner layer (a) based on at least one thermoplastic polymer, equipped with at least one at least oligomeric compound having a long-term antistatic effect, as antistat, and at least one layer (b) based on at least one thermoplastic polymer; method for producing the release film, and the use thereof as a detachable protective or masking film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignee: Infiana Germany GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Siegfried Schmitzer, Jürgen Panhans
  • Patent number: 9211399
    Abstract: A disposable electrode includes: an electrode pad; and a connector, connecting the electrode pad to a defibrillator, and including an information holder that can be provided with a transmissive opening or a light reflective member, the information holder holding information about at least an expiration date, depending on presence or absence of the transmissive opening or the light reflective member, the information holder allowing the information to be notified from the defibrillator when the connector is connected to the defibrillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignee: NIHON KOHDEN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ikuhiro Tsumura, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Yuji Igawa, Yohiyuki Hamauzu
  • Patent number: 9179866
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a housing including a first side and a second side; a chest compression sensor coupled with the second side of the housing; at least one compartment partially formed by one of the first side and the second side of the housing; and at least one removable defibrillator electrode pad contained in the at least one compartment partially formed by one of the first side and the second side of the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: ZOLL Medical Corporation
    Inventors: Pisit Khuon, Mark Totman
  • Patent number: 9162045
    Abstract: An electrode and electrodes for a biomedical system is provided. The electrode includes a backing pad with top and bottom surfaces. A conductive element is attached to the bottom surface of the backing pad, and a conductive gel layer covers at least part of the bottom surface of the conductive element. A bonding layer is disposed at least in part between the conductive element and the conductive gel layer. The electrode can include a leadwire with a stripped end length, and at least a portion of the stripped end length is disposed between the conductive element and at least one of the bonding layer and the conductive gel layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2015
    Assignee: ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Deborah T. Jones
  • Patent number: 9108039
    Abstract: An electrode includes an adhesive backing layer including a front surface configured to adhere to skin of a subject and a rear surface, a plate including a rear surface coupled to the front surface of the adhesive backing layer and a front surface comprising a conductive material layer, a conductive hydrogel including a rear surface coupled to a front surface of the conductive material layer, and including a front surface configured to make electrical contact with the skin of the subject, a dielectric film border formed on the front surface of the conductive material layer and defining an area on the front surface of the conductive material layer, and an electrical lead in electrical contact with the area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mark Totman, Pisit Khuon
  • Patent number: 9091603
    Abstract: Testing a thermocouple-based RF ablation system is carried out by connecting a temperature simulator to an ablator module. The ablator module is operative to vary a radiofrequency power output thereof in a predefined manner in response to predefined variations in a temperature signal from the simulator. The method is further carried out by delivering RF power from the ablator module to the temperature simulator, and while delivering RF power, performing the steps of: communicating temperature signals from the temperature simulator to the ablator module, varying the communicated temperature signals, and verifying that a variation in the power output of the ablator module in response to varying the temperature signals conforms to the predefined manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: BIOSENSE WEBSTER (ISRAEL) LTD.
    Inventors: Vadim Gliner, Assaf Govari
  • Publication number: 20150148858
    Abstract: An electrode assembly includes a first surface to be placed adjacent a person's skin and a second surface including a plurality of reservoirs of conductive gel. The plurality of reservoirs of conductive gel are disposed on sections of the electrode assembly that are at least partially physically separated and may move at least partially independently of one another to conform to contours of a body of a patient. The electrode assembly is configured to dispense an amount of the electrically conductive gel onto the first surface in response to an activation signal and to provide for a defibrillating shock to be applied to the patient through the amount of the electrically conductive gel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 3, 2015
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventor: Thomas E. Kaib
  • Patent number: 9043001
    Abstract: Non-invasive electrical nerve stimulation devices and magnetic stimulation devices are disclosed, along with methods of treating medical disorders using energy that is delivered noninvasively by such devices. The disorders comprise migraine and other primary headaches such as cluster headaches, including sinus symptoms that resemble an immune-mediated response (“sinus” headaches), irrespective of whether those symptoms arise from an allergy that is co-morbid with the headache. The disclosed methods may also be used to treat other disorders that may be co-morbid with migraine headaches, such as anxiety disorders. In preferred embodiments of the disclosed methods, one or both of the patient's vagus nerves are stimulated non-invasively. In other embodiments, parts of the sympathetic nervous system and/or the adrenal glands are stimulated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Electrocore, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce J. Simon, Joseph P. Errico, John T. Raffle
  • Patent number: 9037271
    Abstract: An electrode assembly that includes an electrically conductive layer, a first impedance reduction system, and a second impedance reduction system. The electrically conductive layer forms an electrode portion of the electrode assembly and a first surface to be placed adjacent a person's skin. The first impedance reduction system is configured to dispense a first amount of an electrically conductive gel onto the first surface of the electrically conductive layer in response to a first activation signal. The second impedance reduction system is configured to dispense a second amount of the electrically conductive gel onto the first surface of the electrically conductive layer in response to a second activation signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Thomas E. Kaib, Shane S. Volpe, Emil Oskin
  • Patent number: 9037266
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a system and method for using the system. In particular, the present invention relates to an application, executable by a processing device to assess the organization of a non-nutritive suck (NNS) pattern of a patient and to entrain an organized NNS pattern in the patient. The software system receives data from an orofacial stimulation appliance to assess the patient's natural NNS pattern and generates a precise therapeutic pulse profile that is actuated as a tactile stimulus via the orofacial stimulation appliance to entrain an organized NNS pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: Innara Health, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven M. Barlow, David L. Stalling, Kenneth Aron
  • Patent number: 9020598
    Abstract: Non-invasive electrical nerve stimulation devices and magnetic stimulation devices are disclosed, along with methods of treating medical disorders using energy that is delivered noninvasively by such devices. The disorders comprise migraine and other primary headaches such as cluster headaches, including sinus symptoms that resemble an immune-mediated response (“sinus” headaches), irrespective of whether those symptoms arise from an allergy that is co-morbid with the headache. The disclosed methods may also be used to treat other disorders that may be co-morbid with migraine headaches, such as anxiety disorders. In preferred embodiments of the disclosed methods, one or both of the patient's vagus nerves are stimulated non-invasively. In other embodiments, parts of the sympathetic nervous system and/or the adrenal glands are stimulated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: ElectroCore, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce J. Simon, Joseph P. Errico, John T. Raffle
  • Publication number: 20150112177
    Abstract: An electrode for use with an external defibrillator for a patient includes a first combination circuit including a circuit node electrically coupled to an adapter for coupling to the defibrillator. The circuit node is further coupled to a monitoring node defined by a monitoring segment of a first pad of the electrode and to a therapy node defined by a therapy segment of the first pad of the electrode. The therapy segment is electrically insulated from the monitoring segment. The first combination circuit further includes a capacitor coupled between the circuit node and the therapy node. The electrode of this disclosure hence provides additional solutions for reducing ECG artifact during the operation of the electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Ronald Eugene Stickney, Joseph L. Sullivan, Gary Debardi
  • Patent number: 9008801
    Abstract: A wearable therapeutic device that includes a garment configured to contain an external defibrillator. The garment is configured to house at least one of an alarm module and a monitor and to house a first therapy electrode and a second therapy electrode. The garment is also configured to releasably receive a receptacle that contains a conductive fluid proximate to at least one of the first therapy electrode and the second therapy electrode, and to electrically couple the receptacle with the garment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Zoll Medical Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas E. Kaib, Shane Volpe, Emil Oskin
  • Patent number: 9002473
    Abstract: Defibrillator electrodes are sealed to the inside of a rigid enclosure. The enclosure is hinged to open and expose the electrodes for deployment. The electrode gel is sealed against moisture loss between the moisture impervious electrode backing and the inner surface of the enclosure. The enclosure may further include an electrical circuit for electrode self-testing, the circuit being broken when the enclosure is opened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Daniel J. Powers, Shannon Fong, Eric Jonsen, Patrick Hauge
  • Publication number: 20150094625
    Abstract: A defibrillation electrode pad includes an electrode section and a CPR administration section. The electrode section and the CPR administration section are positioned in the defibrillation electrode pad relative to each other such that the CPR administration section is located above a sternum of an adult subject and the electrode section is located in a position appropriate for the administration of a defibrillation shock to the adult subject when the defibrillation electrode pad is oriented in a first orientation and such that the CPR administration section is located above a sternum of a pediatric subject and the electrode section is located in a position appropriate for the administration of a defibrillation shock to the pediatric subject when the defibrillation electrode pad is oriented in a second orientation different from the first orientation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Gary A. Freeman, Ward Hamilton, Deborah T. Jones, David N. Craige, III, Melissa M. Dascoli, E. Jane Wilson, Ian B. Durant
  • Publication number: 20150094782
    Abstract: Methods and systems of applying treatment to a subject experiencing cardiac distress. In one example, there is provided a defibrillation electrode. The defibrillation electrode includes a non-volatile memory element and a circuit configured to store an indication of a level of energy delivered to a subject during the application of a defibrillation shock to the subject in the non-volatile memory element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Paul F. Prew, Deborah T. Jones, David N. Craige, III
  • Publication number: 20150094626
    Abstract: Methods and systems of applying treatment to a subject experiencing cardiac distress. In one example, a therapy electrode package includes a first therapy electrode disposed within the package, a second therapy electrode disposed within the package, and a CPR assistance device disposed within the package. The first therapy electrode, the second therapy electrode, and the CPR assistance device are arranged within the therapy electrode package such that when the electrode package is in an open configuration, the relative positions of the first therapy electrode, the second therapy electrode, and the CPR assistance device approximate the relative positions at to which the first therapy electrode, the second therapy electrode, and the CPR assistance device should be placed on a subject for treatment of the subject.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Deborah T. Jones, Christopher Desmarais, David N. Craige, III
  • Patent number: 8996138
    Abstract: An electrode package for use with a defibrillator, the electrode package comprising an outer shell providing a vapor barrier between an interior space inside the outer shell and an exterior environment, a breakaway connection element positioned at the perimeter of the outer shell, one or more defibrillation electrodes positioned in the interior space inside the outer shell, a further electrical element positioned in the interior space inside the outer shell, electrical paths extending from the further electrical element through the breakaway element to the exterior environment, wherein the breakaway element and electrical paths are configured so that, when the outer shell is opened and the defibrillation electrodes are removed, the electrical paths are disconnected within the breakaway element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: ZOLL Medical Corporation
    Inventors: Michael R. Dupelle, Michael Parascandola, Marc Cordaro, George Reilly, David N. Craige, III
  • Patent number: 8989874
    Abstract: A bioelectrode comprising: a skin-side, electrically conducting adhesive layer and a flexible electrical connecting cable which in an electrically insulating cable sheath includes at least one electrical conductor, wherein fitted at the electrode-side end of the connecting cable is a preassembled electrical conducting element electrically connected to the electrical conductor of the connecting cable, wherein the preassembled electrical conducting element is electrically connected in the installed condition to the skin-side, electrically conducting adhesive layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Leonh.Lang
    Inventors: Markus Wilfinger, Burrhus Lang
  • Patent number: 8983629
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods are disclosed for treating bronchial constriction related to asthma, anaphylaxis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), exercise-induced bronchospasm and post-operative bronchospasm. The treatment comprises transmitting impulses of energy non-invasively to selected nerve fibers that activate neural pathways to reduce the release of acetycholine from airway-related vagal preganglionic neurons within the brain of the patient. The transmitted energy impulses, comprising magnetic and/or electrical energy, stimulate the selected nerve fibers to produce the bronchodilation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Electrocore, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce Simon, Joseph P. Errico, John T. Raffle
  • Patent number: 8983628
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods are disclosed for treating a variety of diseases and disorders that are primarily or at least partially driven by an imbalance in neurotransmitters in the brain, such as asthma, COPD, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, and the like. The invention involves the use of an energy source comprising magnetic and/or electrical energy that is transmitted non-invasively to, or in close proximity to, a selected nerve to temporarily stimulate, block and/or modulate the signals in the selected nerve such that neural pathways are activated to release inhibitory neurotransmitters in the patient's brain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Electrocore, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce Simon, Joseph P. Errico, John T. Raffle
  • Patent number: 8965532
    Abstract: Medical electrodes in embodiments of the teachings may include one or more of the following features: (a) a metallic conductor, (b) the metallic conductor sandwiched between a first dielectric layer adjacent a top surface of the metallic conductor and a second dielectric layer located on a bottom surface of the metallic conductor, (c) a conducive gel coating on at least one of the first and second dielectric layers, (e) the metallic conductor, the dielectric layers, and the conductive gel being wrapped to form a multi-tiered electrode having a plurality of conductive surfaces, (f) an adhesive adhering the metallic conductor with the dielectric layers, (g) a tab connector to provide a connection to electrical monitoring equipment and (h) an attachment connector to provide electrical connection with a patient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Inventors: John Juola, Lloyd Ohme, Shawn McCutcheon
  • Patent number: 8965533
    Abstract: An improved defibrillator electrode (100) has two separate peel tabs (114, 116). At least one of the peel tabs is located on the same edge of the electrode backing as that of the electrode wire. The disposition of the peel tabs improves the ability of the rescuer to apply the electrodes to a patient after the electrodes are removed from the release liner (110). In addition, the peel tab reduces the risk of damage to the electrode during removal from the release liner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Hans Patrick Griesser, Christian James Richard, Eric Grant Halsne
  • Patent number: 8965534
    Abstract: A medical electrode includes an electrode member having a top face and a bottom face, an electrical conductor having an unfanned, unsheathed end portion for conducting energy between the electrode member and a medical device, and a patient contacting layer secured to at least a portion of the bottom face of the electrode member. An energy blocking layer is disposed between the unfanned conductor end portion and the electrode member to prevent immediate transfer of energy to the electrode member. A current distributing structure is described to conduct and distribute energy to the electrode member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: Christopher J. Hyatt, Scott R. Coggins
  • Publication number: 20150045869
    Abstract: An external defibrillator can include a tray and a plurality of electrode pads located within the tray. At least one of the plurality of electrode pads can include an electrode contact structure that can be applied to a patient, a wire electrically coupling the electrode contact structure to the external defibrillator, and a release liner adhered to the electrode contact structure of the electrode pad. A portion of the release liner can be affixed to a portion of the tray such that, when an end of the electrode pad is pulled, the electrode pad is removed from the release liner, the electrode pad is removed from the tray, and the release liner remains affixed to the tray.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 12, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Ethan Albright, Ramesh Ammanath
  • Publication number: 20150045870
    Abstract: An electrode assembly includes a first surface to be placed adjacent a person's skin and a second surface including a plurality of reservoirs of conductive gel. The plurality of reservoirs of conductive gel are disposed on sections of the electrode assembly that are at least partially physically separated and may move at least partially independently of one another to conform to contours of a body of a patient. The electrode assembly is configured to dispense an amount of the electrically conductive gel onto the first surface in response to an activation signal and to provide for a defibrillating shock to be applied to the patient through the amount of the electrically conductive gel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Thomas E. Kaib
  • Patent number: 8948885
    Abstract: A system and method for positioning an electrode for cardiotherapy of atrial arrhythmia are described. Signals from patient electrical activity for a plurality of electrode locations on a patient are analyzed. An electrode can be repositioned to different locations on the patient to obtain signals from patient electrical activity therefrom. A human perceptible output indicative of the quality of the signals for the plurality of locations is generated and a final electrode location on the patient for placement of the electrode for cardiotherapy is identified based on the human perceptible output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventor: James K. Russell
  • Patent number: 8942830
    Abstract: An automatic external defibrillator configured to deliver electrical pulses and/or shocks to a heart of a patient during a cardiac emergency includes a housing supporting an electrical connector; a defibrillator electrode delivery system supported on the housing and a pair of defibrillation electrode pads supported by the defibrillator electrode delivery system. Each of the pair of defibrillation electrode pads is pre-connected to the electrical connector of the housing. A hydrogel layer of each defibrillation electrode pad is retained by the defibrillator electrode delivery system in such a manner so as to reduce a moisture vapor transmission rate thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Covidien LP
    Inventors: Warren Copp-Howland, Erick Garstka, David Selvitelli, Kathleen Tremblay, Caroline Gasiorski
  • Patent number: 8918178
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods are disclosed for treating a variety of diseases and disorders that are primarily or at least partially driven by an imbalance in neurotransmitters in the brain, such as asthma, COPD, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, and the like. The invention involves the use of an energy source comprising magnetic and/or electrical energy that is transmitted non-invasively to, or in close proximity to, a selected nerve to temporarily stimulate, block and/or modulate the signals in the selected nerve such that neural pathways are activated to release inhibitory neurotransmitters in the patient's brain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: Electrocore, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce J. Simon, Joseph P. Errico, John T. Raffle
  • Publication number: 20140371567
    Abstract: A multipart, non-uniform patient contact interface and method of use are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Douglas M. RAYMOND, Peter D. GRAY
  • Publication number: 20140371566
    Abstract: A conforming patient contact interface and method of using the same are disclosed. The conforming patient contact interface may flex when deployed to better contact a surface of a body of a patient.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Douglas M. RAYMOND, Peter D. GRAY
  • Publication number: 20140323841
    Abstract: An electrode pad includes: a conductor layer; and an adhesive gel layer which is stacked on one surface of the conductor layer, the adhesive gel layer which contains 0.1 wt % or more of SnCl2.2H2O, and which has a pH of 3 to 6. The conductor layer may a conductive metal layer. The conductor layer may include a tin foil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: NIHON KOHDEN CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ryugo ODAKA, Michio KANEMOTO, Takeshi AKIYAMA, Hideo OZAWA, Tsutomo WAKABAYASHI, Satoshi HAYASHI, Masakazu YOSHIDA, Shigehiro NISHIWAKI
  • Publication number: 20140288574
    Abstract: Disclosed are several embodiments of a battery-less piezo-electric defibrillation system (2) comprising external piezo-electric defibrillator (4) and at least one electrode (5) connected thereto. The system includes a piezo-electric generator (6) connected to direct cardiac access-(5), or indirect subcutaneous electrode assemblies (30). The piezo-electric generator (6) is energized by a spring-driven striker element (8) and produces electrical pulse for defibrillation. The direct cardiac access electrodes (5) engage the heart muscle directly via the intercostal space. Alternatively, indirect subcutaneous electrodes (34a) are positioned under patient's skin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2014
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Inventor: Igor Abramov
  • Patent number: 8843210
    Abstract: Devices, systems and methods are disclosed for treating a variety of diseases and disorders that are primarily or at least partially driven by an imbalance in neurotransmitters in the brain, such as asthma, COPD, depression, anxiety, epilepsy, fibromyalgia, and the like. The invention involves the use of an energy source comprising magnetic and/or electrical energy that is transmitted non-invasively to, or in close proximity to, a selected nerve to temporarily stimulate, block and/or modulate the signals in the selected nerve such that neural pathways are activated to release inhibitory neurotransmitters in the patient's brain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Electrocore, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce Simon, Joseph P. Errico, John T. Raffle