Peat, Humus Material, Coal, Etc. Patents (Class 71/24)
  • Patent number: 11136505
    Abstract: Disclosed is a potassium humate sulfur compound granule and process for making the same granule. The potassium humate sulfur compound granule including a potassium humate component and an elemental sulfur component at a ratio of about 1:20; where the potassium humate component of the granule fully solubilizes upon application to a desired site and enhances conversion of the sulfur component into sulfate by at least about 15% as compared to elemental sulfur alone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2021
    Inventor: Kevin Merritt
  • Patent number: 11124461
    Abstract: A dry and solid fertiliser in the form of discreet particles is provided. The particles of the dry and solid fertiliser comprise a homogenous mixture of organic and inorganic materials. The inorganic material comprises at least one of the NPKS nutrients. The organic material comprises a carbon-labile substantially sterile product of organic waste.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignee: Incitec Pivot Limited
    Inventors: Charles Norman Walker, Nicholas Hogan, Ellen Durack, Roya Khalil, Timothy Hughes
  • Patent number: 11039580
    Abstract: An agro-industrial process with minimal environmental impact, of the type having a step of cultivating vegetable and/or mushroom products, includes a step of harvesting the products, at least one step of thermo-mechanical treatment of the products in order to obtain intermediate products, and a step of packaging of a final stage of the intermediate products. The thermo-mechanical treatment step provides for a mechanical process of removing the unnecessary parts from the products so as to define waste. The waste, constituted exclusively by vegetable substances, is separated from the intermediate products, intended for the subsequent treatment and packaging steps, and sent into a biogas production unit. The digestate, constituted by the waste of the biogas production unit, is used as a fertilizer on the respective cultivation soil in a new step of cultivation of vegetable products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: INDUSTRIE ROLLI ALIMENT ARI S.P.A.
    Inventor: Gian Paolo Rolli
  • Patent number: 10723667
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for making a water-soluble granule enriched in humic acid. Disclosed also is a water-soluble granule enriched in humic acid. Such a granule is useful as an organic aid to crop growth, particularly in applications where solubility is desirable or necessary.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Inventor: Kevin Merritt
  • Patent number: 10448635
    Abstract: A method of effecting at least one biological process in a plant is disclosed. The method comprises contacting a part of a seed, a plant, or the locus thereof with a mixture comprising an agriculturally acceptable mixture of (i) complex polymeric polyhydroxy acids and (ii) a phytotoxic amount of one or more alkali (earth) salts and/or a synergistic amount of at least one source of an agriculturally acceptable transition metal ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: FBSCIENCES HOLDINGS, INC.
    Inventors: Terry J. Hanson, Kenneth Scott Day, Johan Peter Stromberg
  • Patent number: 10077216
    Abstract: A fertilizer including a growth enhancing component, in at least one example a co-polymer of fulvic acid and poly-metallic humates is present in the amount of from about 80% to about 90% by weight, based on a total weight of the fertilizer; a plurality of elements present in the amount of from about 3% to about 7% by weight, based on the total weight of the fertilizer; and one or more secondary nutrients, micronutrients, and biologically active heteromolecular trace-metal complexes present in the amount of from about 3% to about 10% by weight, based on the total weight of the fertilizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: PRO FARM TECHNOLOGIES OY
    Inventors: Igor Taganov, Anita Paldanius, Matti Tiainen
  • Patent number: 9938202
    Abstract: A fertilizer granule having a coating on at least of portion of a surface of the granule. The coating is made of one or more complexing agents and a coating agent of one or more of a fatty acid, fatty acid ester, organic oil mineral oil or combinations thereof. The coating may optionally include a surfactant and micronutrients. The coated fertilizer granules demonstrates a noted improvement in the utilization of the nutrients of plants and crops.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: LANDVIEW, INC.
    Inventors: Kory J. Wheeler, Roy M. Young, Gregg M. Harman, Micheal W. Hill
  • Patent number: 9926491
    Abstract: An ammonium polyphosphate based fire-retardant composition comprises an ammonium polyphosphate, a suspending agent, and an effective amount of at least two corrosion inhibiting agents selected from the group of corrosion inhibiting agents including activated carbon, Epsom salts, Gypsum, azoles, and vapor phase inhibitors. The composition may further include a xanthan gum, a coloring agent or both. TABLE 1 Formulation in Weight % Formu- Formu- Formu- Formu- Formu- Formu- Component lation 1 lation 2 lation 3 lation 4 lation 5 lation 6 Ammonium 91.80 91.80 91.75 90.80 91.80 91.75 Polyphosphate Attapulgite 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 Clay Iron Oxide 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 Xanthan Gum 1.30 1.30 1.30 1.30 1.30 1.30 Epsom Salt 0.10 0.10 0.15 0.10 0.10 0.15 2-mercapto- 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 benzothiazole Benzotriazole 1.00 2.50 2.50 2.00 2.00 2.00 VpCl-609?™ 2.00 1.50 1.50 2.00 — — Ammonium — — — — 2.00 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: X'aan Innovations Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Garner, Terrence Kennedy, Mike Roberge
  • Patent number: 9896388
    Abstract: Coal-derived mineral matter particles are an effective soil amendment. Coal-derived mineral matter particles added to soil increase the silt and clay fractions of the soil and improve the soil texture. The fine coal-derived mineral matter particles also increase mineral and essential nutrient availability for plant growth. Improved soil texture also increases water holding capacity and cation-exchange capacity (CEC) of the soil. The mineral matter particles typically have a size less than 50 ?m and an average size of 10 ?m or less. In some non-limiting embodiments, the mineral matter particles mixed with the soil are present in the mixture in an amount ranging from 5 to 30 wt. %. The coal-derived mineral matter particles contain a plurality of essential nutrients necessary for healthy plant growth selected from B, Ca, Cl, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, N, P, K, S, and Zn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: EARTH TECHNOLOGIES USA LIMITED
    Inventors: James S. Swensen, Simon K. Hodson
  • Patent number: 9850179
    Abstract: A granularized sulfonated humate powder material is provided that includes a sulfonated cationic humate composed of at least one of humic acid, fulvic acid, or a combination thereof in the form of granules of from 0.1 to 6 millimeters in size. The humate powder material is water soluble with limited dusting and the ability to form a concentrated solution for application. A process of formulating the sulfonated potassium humate powder in granular form includes a lignin or lignosulfonate being metered into a powder of sulfonated potassium humate to allow for granulation without a solubilizing the powder by matching a lignin particle size to a particle sizing of said powder. The lignin or lignosulfonate and the powder are mixed into the granular form with a granule size of 0.1 to 6 millimeters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: The Andersons, Inc.
    Inventors: John Uliveto, Chris Taylor, Eric Dearth
  • Patent number: 9656109
    Abstract: A process for preparing humic-mineral agent granules is disclosed. Such a process may comprise providing a humic acid-containing material; crushing the humic acid-containing material to obtain first granules; contacting a quantity of water with the first granules, thereby forming slightly wet granules; blending the slightly wet granules for a period of time, thereby forming blended granules; contacting an amount of alkali with the blended granules, thereby forming alkali-treated granules; and mixing the alkali-treated granules at a temperature high enough to melt organic carbon substances in the alkali-treated granules. The resulting product has biologically, geologically, and chemically active properties, and may be applied to the soil alone or in combination with a commercially available fertilizer. Additionally, the resulting product may be used to detoxify solid or liquid waste products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: ORGANOCAT, LLC
    Inventor: Alexander I. Shulgin
  • Patent number: 9565804
    Abstract: According to the invention, the object is achieved by providing all necessary conditions at optimum level to produce plant and plant parts having higher nutrients and secondary metabolites, when compared to normal plants or grown in tap water. Formulated solution containing balanced nutrients, higher levels of targeted nutrient, required pH, single or multiple eliciting factors, required concentrations of natural preservatives and maintained at required temperature and light facilitated to achieve the above object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Inventors: Anuradha Maniyam, Balasubramanya Subbanarashiman
  • Patent number: 9527780
    Abstract: A method of producing a modified biochar and the use of the biochar as a soil amendment. The modified biochar can be produced by contacting biochar with an acid-containing solution obtained from an acid containing stream produced in a pyrolysis process, which produces biochar. In accordance with one aspect, a cellulose-containing biomass is pyrolyzed to generate a gaseous organic acid-containing stream, which is condensed to produce an organic acid-containing solution. The biochar is then modified by contact with the organic acid-containing solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard W. Wilson, Wilson Hago, Ranko Panayotov Bontchev
  • Patent number: 9475698
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides methods for hydrothermally treating sewage wastes to preferably obtain valuable products, including fatty acids, carbon-neutral combustible hydrochar fuels, heavy metal salts for recycling into industrially important metals, and phosphoric acid and derivatives thereof. Fatty acids can be chemically transformed into useful products such as soaps, cosmetics and liquid transportation fuels such as biodiesel and conventional gasoline, diesel and aviation fuels; hydrochars created in the process can be combusted and the energy created used to generate electricity; heavy metal salts can be chemically reduced to form industrially important metals for use as catalysts; and phosphoric acid and its derivatives have very important roles as fertilizers in agriculture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Assignee: REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA
    Inventors: Steven M. Heilmann, Frederick J. Schendel, Marc Gregor Von Keitz, Kenneth J. Valentas, Anthony L. Mikula, Brandon Michael Wood
  • Patent number: 9260353
    Abstract: An organic feed method for use as food supplements for humans or animals as well as for feeding plants. The organic feed method generally includes first mixing an organic material such as peat moss or compost with water at a ratio of approximately 1.2 pounds of organic material to 1 gallon of water. The resulting mixture is pumped through a wet mill grinder to reduce size, maintaining a temperature of below 130 degrees Fahrenheit through the mixture and grinding processes. After grinding, the resulting mush is pumped through a 400 mesh filter, cooled to room temperature, and bottled as an organic feed. The organic feed may be utilized as a health or nutritional food supplement for humans or animals. The organic feed may also be mixed with water or chemicals such as fertilizer and applied to plants as plant feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Pioneer Peat, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Pierce, Kevin Pierce, Austin M. Pierce
  • Patent number: 9255472
    Abstract: A process for bioconverting a subterranean carbon-bearing subterranean formation deposit include the steps of injecting a fluid into the carbon bearing deposit with at least one injection well and removing injected fluid and product from the deposit through at least one production well, controlling fluid pressure within at least a portion of the deposit by use of the injected fluid such that the pressure causes a net effective stress decrease for the portion of the deposit and an increase in permeability of the deposit, bioconverting at least a portion of carbonaceous materials in the carbon bearing deposit to methane by a microbial consortium, and withdrawing the injected fluid and methane from the carbon bearing deposit. Cetane or butane may also be produced by the microbial consortium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Ciris Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert A. Downey
  • Patent number: 9139485
    Abstract: The present invention provides a slow release granule composition for the delivery of one or more plant treatment agents. The composition comprises an organic solution consisting peat soil liquid obtained from a peat material and urea. The granule composition is useful for the controlled delivery of fertilizers and nutrients to plants and as a soil amendment. Also disclosed is a method of treating a plant with a plant treatment agent, comprising applying a slow release granule composition of the present invention and a method to prepare the slow release granule composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2015
    Assignee: UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA
    Inventors: Ahmed Osumanu Haruna, Latifa Omar, Nik Muhamad Ab Majid
  • Patent number: 9102953
    Abstract: Method of bioconversion of coal to methane, carbon dioxide, and other valuable gaseous and liquid products in a multi-step process that may include particle size reduction, separation of non-coal materials, addition of chemicals, and multi-stage anaerobic fermentation are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: Ciris Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert A. Downey, Song Jin, Paul H. Fallgren
  • Patent number: 9038311
    Abstract: A composition comprising peat moss and one or more alkoxylates selected from the group consisting of alcohol alkoxylates and alkylphenol alkoxylates and, optionally, one or more polysaccharides, for example guars and/or guar derivatives. A synergistic effect of a combination of the alkoxylates and the polysaccharides was discovered. A method of preparing the peat moss composition and a method of using it are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: RHODIA OPERATIONS
    Inventors: Zhiyun Chen, Jean-Christophe Castaing, Krish Shanmuga
  • Patent number: 9034069
    Abstract: An engineered topsoil for use in soil reclamation and a method of producing the same are disclosed that seek to replicate undisturbed native reference topsoil from near the site in need of land reclamation. The engineered topsoil is formed from a base amount of subsoil and amendment comprised of an effective amount of surrogate humin material sufficient to replicate the estimated humin organic carbon content of the native reference topsoil, and an effective amount of plant residue material sufficient to replicate the estimated non-humin organic carbon content of the native reference topsoil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventor: Julie Linda Roy
  • Publication number: 20150128672
    Abstract: The invention provides for methods, devices, and systems for pyrolyzing biomass. A pyrolysis unit can be used for the pyrolysis of biomass to form gas, liquid, and solid products. The biomass materials can be selected such that an enhanced biochar is formed after pyrolysis. The biomass can be pyrolyzed under specified conditions such that a selected biochar core is formed. The pyrolysis process can form a stable biochar core that is inert and/or resistant to degradation. The biochar or biochar core can be functionalized to form a functionalized biochar or functionalized biochar core. Functionalized can include post-pyrolysis treatments such as supplementation with microbes or physical transformations including annealing and/or activation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: David Shearer, John Gaunt
  • Patent number: 8986581
    Abstract: A method for producing biochar particles or pellets which use sulphur and other additives. The method includes producing a mixture with biochar and additives selected from sulphur, lignin, and gluten. The mixture is mixed with water and passed through an extruder to produce an extrudate. The extrudate is then cut into pellets. The pellets are then tumbled/spun with each other and heated to result in mostly spheroidal pellets whose mechanical characteristics allow them to be used with well-known agricultural equipment. The biochar can be produced with sulphur incorporated as an outer coating. To produce this sulphur coated biochar, the method includes feeding a biomass feedstock to a pyrolysis reactor, pyrolyzing the feedstock into biochar particles, size-sorting the biochar particles, and coating the biochar particles with the sulphur coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Carbron Basis Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Leonard Bruce Eddy, Jack Wolstenholme, Paul Byron Tiege, Nancy Yadira Meza Trevino, Jesus Josafath Quezada Rivera
  • Publication number: 20150068115
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for selection of constituents for a growth medium and mulch for varying types of soils. Also disclosed is a growth medium and mulch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: ORGANIC EARTH INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: J. Kevin Loucks, Roy Nelsen
  • Publication number: 20150047072
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plant growing system having (a) plant life; (b) a super amount of a controlled-release fertilizer to provide season-long performance; and (c) growing media. The planting growing system may also include a moisture control agent or a plant protection agent. Despite the high EC values of the growing system, the combination of materials that make up the growing system nevertheless produces superior performing plants with darker green, healthier-looking leaves; superior growth, fill and spread; more abundant production of flowers and fruits; and a more developed, sustaining root system. Moreover, these plants are far less susceptible to the effects of pests such as fungi (e.g., Fusarium and Rhizoctonia), pythium, caterpillars, thrips, whiteflies, and other pests.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: SYNGENTA PARTICIPATIOINS AG
    Inventors: Robert W. HARRIMAN, Tim J. MCNAMARA, JOSEPH L. CRAIG, JOSEPH M. DIPAOLA, ALEXANDER P. PROHODSKI
  • Patent number: 8911525
    Abstract: An engineered soilless plant cultivation medium for potting applications includes specific balanced amounts of nutrient additives. Major nutrient cations (Ca, Mg, K, Na, H) are balanced according to optimal base saturation percentage ranges. Nutrient levels, namely, the amount of major nutrient cations, major nutrient anions and minor nutrients satisfy desired ranges for both standard Mehlich III soil extraction tests and saturated paste tests.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2014
    Assignee: Nano Growth Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Timothy Ward
  • Publication number: 20140360238
    Abstract: An engineered soilless plant cultivation medium for potting applications includes specific balanced amounts of nutrient additives. Major nutrient cations (Ca, Mg, K, Na, H) are balanced according to optimal base saturation percentage ranges. Nutrient levels, namely, the amount of major nutrient cations, major nutrient anions and minor nutrients satisfy desired ranges for both standard Mehlich III soil extraction tests and saturated paste tests.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 10, 2013
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventor: Timothy Ward
  • Publication number: 20140352378
    Abstract: The invention provides for methods, devices, and systems for pyrolyzing biomass. A pyrolysis unit can be used for the pyrolysis of biomass to form gas, liquid, and solid products. The biomass materials can be selected such that an enhanced biochar is formed after pyrolysis. The biomass can be pyrolyzed under specified conditions such that a selected biochar core is formed. The pyrolysis process can form a stable biochar core that is inert and/or resistant to degradation. The biochar or biochar core can be functionalized to form a functionalized biochar or functionalized biochar core. Functionalization can include post-pyrolysis treatments such as supplementation with microbes or physical transformations including annealing and/or activation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: David Shearer, John Gaunt, George Vernon Cordner Peacocke
  • Publication number: 20140349847
    Abstract: Plant propagation material treated with a carbonaceous material is provided. Such treated plant propagation material is useful in a method of inducing microbial interaction with the plant propagation material that confers a benefit on the plant propagation material. The method includes placing the treated plant propagation material in a growth medium containing endogenous soil microorganisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventor: Glen Schrader
  • Publication number: 20140345343
    Abstract: A method of producing a modified biochar and the use of the biochar as a soil amendment. The modified biochar can be produced by contacting biochar with an acid-containing solution obtained from an acid containing stream produced in a pyrolysis process, which produces biochar. In accordance with one aspect, a cellulose-containing biomass is pyrolyzed to generate a gaseous organic acid-containing stream, which is condensed to produce an organic acid-containing solution. The biochar is then modified by contact with the organic acid-containing solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: COOL PLANET ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventors: Richard WILSON, Wilson HAGO, Ranko Panyotov BONTCHEV
  • Patent number: 8893430
    Abstract: A soil-amendment product for preparing a damaged or degraded soil ecosystem to establish a self-sustaining floral/vegetative rhizosphere contains a mixture of composted organic biomass, fiber, charcoal, and small amounts of inoculants to promote the growth of beneficial microorganisms including mycorrhizal fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Embodiments also contain a water-holding agent such as a starch-based polymer that is effective to prevent water from flowing downhill or seeping away from the surface. Methods of application and other uses for the soil-amendment product are also described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Sunmark Environmental Services
    Inventor: Robin J. Cook
  • Publication number: 20140336049
    Abstract: A seed composition comprising a seed and a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable complex mixture of dissolved organic material characterized by natural organic matter that is partially humified and methods of seed treating. A method comprising contacting a seed with a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable complex mixture of dissolved organic material characterized by natural organic matter that is partially humified, where the first component enhances at least one of germination, emergence, root development, seedling vigor, seedling growth, mortality resistance, chlorophyll production, cold resistance, water log resistance, and nutrient uptake compared to similar seed not contacted with the first component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2014
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Inventor: Brian B. Goodwin
  • Publication number: 20140323297
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a fertilizer comprising at least one microbe selected from the group consisting of Trichoderma viride (NRRL B-50520), Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (NRRL B-50521), Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (NRRL B-50522), and combinations thereof, and a substrate which is acted upon by the at least one microbe to release nitrogen. The invention also relates to a fertilizer comprising at least one microbe selected from a keratin degrading microorganism and a keratin substrate which is acted upon by the at least one microbe to release nitrogen. The invention further relates to a method for enhancing growth of plants with the fertilizer, and methods of making a fertilizer. The invention further relates to an isolated Trichoderma viride strain (NRRL B-50520) and two isolated Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strains (NRRL B-50521, NRRL B-50522).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Gary E. Harman, Xingen Lei
  • Patent number: 8845774
    Abstract: Soil amendment/foliar nutrient compositions and methods for their manufacture and use are provided. The compositions are aqueous compositions that include a carbon skeleton energy component (CSE); a macronutrient; a vitamin cofactor; a complexing agent; and at least one of exotic micronutrient component and an ionophore component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Inventor: Thomas T. Yamashita
  • Publication number: 20140245801
    Abstract: The present invention provides a slow release granule composition for the delivery of one or more plant treatment agents. The composition comprises an organic solution consisting peat soil liquid obtained from a peat material and urea. The granule composition is useful for the controlled delivery of fertilizers and nutrients to plants and as a soil amendment. Also disclosed is a method of treating a plant with a plant treatment agent, comprising applying a slow release granule composition of the present invention and a method to prepare the slow release granule composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2012
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA
    Inventors: Ahmed Osumanu Haruna, Latifa Omar, Nik Muhamad Ab Majid
  • Patent number: 8795395
    Abstract: A structurally modified lignite composition with or without having functionally enhanced organic molecules extracted there-from, said functionally enhanced organic molecules having enhanced or reduced number of one or more of functional groups selected from a group comprising of carbonyl, carboxyl, amidic, ester, phenolic, alcoholic, ketone and aldehyde groups and having molecular weight selected from a group comprising of (i) below 500, (ii) between 500 and 1000, (iii) between 1000 and 5000, (iv) equal to or greater than 5000 and (v) a combination of utmost of any of the three of (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Bijam Biosciences Private Limited
    Inventor: Durga Yandapalli Prasad
  • Patent number: 8790436
    Abstract: An organic soil amendment comprises a live aerobic culture of beneficial microorganisms, comprising beneficial bacteria and fungi, and additives and plant extracts. The present invention also provides a method for producing an organic soil amendment by extracting beneficial microorganism at least in part from a compost comprising green and brown plant waste, and is free of manure. The extracted beneficial microorganism is amplified, while additional beneficial microorganism maybe added. Plant extracts and other additives are added to the live beneficial microorganism culture. The present invention further provides a method for storing and transporting the organic soil amendment at a reduced temperature, such as refrigeration, freezing, or lyophilizing. In addition, the present invention provides a method for maintaining the viability of the organic soil amendment in a ready to use form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Holganix, LLC
    Inventors: Barrett Ersek, Stephen Lange
  • Patent number: 8784665
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for reducing odor and harmful materials, such as heavy metals and organic compounds, from sewer and/or industrial plants using humate and/or leonardite. The humate and/or leonardite has a particle size of about 400 mesh or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Inventor: Geoff McMahon
  • Publication number: 20140179520
    Abstract: A humic acid composition useful as a fertilizer contains about 0.1 to 25 parts by weight humic acid dissolved in about 75 to 99.9 parts by weight of a solvent. The solvent contains at least one nonaqueous solvent. The composition has a pH of about 1 to 7 and a RED of less than about 1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 16, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: Brandt Consolidated, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian R. Haschemeyer
  • Patent number: 8758473
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to peat processing and includes the usage of peat as the organic raw material. The peat is processed through preliminary granulation with further curing of the derived granules in closed tanks for cooling. The cooled granules are subjected to re-granulation. Then the hot granules derived from re-granulation emerge into an aqueous solution. The derived mixture is stirred until it turns into a homogeneous viscous fluid paste. The paste is supplemented with alkali until the pH reaches the value of 10-10.5. The final product results after cooling of the paste to ambient air temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Inventors: Vladimir Dementjev, Olegs Brazko
  • Patent number: 8756862
    Abstract: A horticultural growing medium is made up of composted bark, a carbon-based fibrous material, a hydrophilic polymer, sea solid, and beneficial bacteria/fungicide. The materials are formed into a solid substrate having structural stability, with both micro and macro interconnecting pores. The addition of a controlled release fertilizer provides for a perfect combination of nutrients, water retention, and pest and fungus control.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: EZ Care Growing Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Allan Huberman, William J. Watson
  • Publication number: 20140116103
    Abstract: A foliarly applicable plant nutrient composition comprises, in aqueous solution, (a) a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable source of foliarly absorbable silicon; (b) a second component selected from agriculturally acceptable sources of thiosulfate ions, agents effective to inhibit polymerization of silicic acid or silicate ions, and mixtures thereof; and (c) as a third component, an agriculturally acceptable mixture of compounds selected from the group consisting of organic acids, organic compounds having functional groups capable of reversibly binding or complexing with inorganic anions, and mixtures thereof. The composition is useful for silicon nutrition of a plant and for reducing susceptibility of a plant to fungal or bacterial disease.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2014
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: FBSCIENCES HOLDINGS, INC.
    Inventor: Brian Goodwin
  • Patent number: 8709122
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a method for producing an oxygenated biochar material possessing a cation-exchanging property, wherein a biochar source is reacted with one or more oxygenating compounds in such a manner that the biochar source homogeneously acquires oxygen-containing cation-exchanging groups in an incomplete combustion process. The invention is also directed to oxygenated biochar compositions and soil formulations containing the oxygenated biochar material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Inventors: James W. Lee, Archibald C. Buchanan, III, Barbara R. Evans, Michelle K. Kidder
  • Publication number: 20140109637
    Abstract: Compositions comprising a protein and an isolated or purified amino acid product, and uses thereof are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY
    Inventors: Basil Bevans, David Holzgraefe, Dan Hickman
  • Publication number: 20140109638
    Abstract: A method is described for reducing the carbon footprint of any commercially important industrial conversion process. The output of this conversion process can be combustible fuels, chemicals, electricity or heat energy. In its broadest form, a carbon negative module outputs energy to a conversion energy and this energy replaces conventional fossil-fuel based energy. A sequesterable carbonaceous solid is produced by the carbon negative process which represents a net carbon withdrawal from the atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2013
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: Cool Planet Energy Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Vital AELION, Daren DAUGAARD, Wilson HAGO
  • Patent number: 8702833
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to consume raw food cultivated in appropriate soil. The constitution of the health food is: consuming cereals including rices and wheats with or without husk, millets, pulses, tubers, leaf vegetables, fruit vegetables, rosette crops, root vegetables, citrus fruits, fruits, melons, seaweeds, and liverworts etc. as is; or consuming powders thereof, or by soaking in water so as to process to a degree that cell are not destructed (or if cells are destructed, the whole of leaf vegetables including root, stem, and leaf or a portion thereof are consumed as e.g. juice) and consuming without processing treatment including heating, boiling in water, or steaming; or these cereals, millets, or pulses are soaked in water to allow sprouting, and consumed at around the time of sprouting without processing treatment including heating, boiling in water, or steaming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Nihon Pack Co.
    Inventor: Chikatsugu Sugiyama
  • Patent number: 8685132
    Abstract: A structurally modified lignite composition with or without having functionally enhanced organic molecules extracted there-from, said functionally enhanced organic molecules having enhanced or reduced number of one or more of functional groups selected from a group comprising of carbonyl, carboxyl, amidic, ester, phenolic, alcoholic, ketone and aldehyde groups and having molecular weight selected from a group comprising of (i) below 500, (ii) between 500 and 1000, (iii) between 1000 and 5000, (iv) equal to or greater than 5000 and (v) a combination of utmost of any of the three of (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Bijam Biosciences Private Limited
    Inventor: Yandapalli Durga Prasad
  • Publication number: 20140069158
    Abstract: A composition comprising peat moss and one or more alkoxylates selected from the group consisting of alcohol alkoxylates and alkylphenol alkoxylates and, optionally, one or more polysaccharides, for example guars and/or guar derivatives. A synergistic effect of a combination of the alkoxylates and the polysaccharides was discovered. A method of preparing the peat moss composition and a method of using it are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2013
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: RHODIA OPERATIONS
    Inventors: Zhiyun CHEN, Jean-Christophe CASTAING, Krish SHANMUGA
  • Patent number: 8641797
    Abstract: The method of the present disclosure includes providing an organic compost material, combining the organic compost material with a crop to be grown, heating the organic compost material, combining the organic compost material with water, and extracting an aqueous liquid comprising humic acid and fulvic acid. The organic compost material may include straw and manure and the straw and manure may be subjected to several days and/or weeks of aerobic composting. The crop may include a variety of plants, trees, vegetables, fruits and fungi. In one embodiment, the crop may include mushroom spores, mycelia, or mushrooms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Black Dirt Organics Patent Management
    Inventors: Don Calvin Van Dyke, Asa Staples Nielson, Bruce Sutton, Dan Davies, Loyal B. Adams
  • Publication number: 20140026628
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide for coated particles, compositions including coated particles, methods for making coated particles, methods of reducing dust, and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Inventors: Wallace Gregory Sawyer, Kyle Gene Rowe, Alexander Rejender Webber
  • Publication number: 20140030250
    Abstract: A method for producing biochar particles or pellets which use sulphur and other additives. The method includes producing a mixture with biochar and additives selected from sulphur, lignin, and gluten. The mixture is mixed with water and passed through an extruder to produce an extrudate. The extrudate is then cut into pellets. The pellets are then tumbled/spun with each other and heated to result in mostly spheroidal pellets whose mechanical characteristics allow them to be used with well-known agricultural equipment. The biochar can be produced with sulphur incorporated as an outer coating. To produce this sulphur coated biochar, the method includes feeding a biomass feedstock to a pyrolysis reactor, pyrolyzing the feedstock into biochar particles, size-sorting the biochar particles, and coating the biochar particles with the sulphur coating material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: Carbon Basis Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Leonard Bruce EDDY, Jack WOLSTENHOLME, Paul Byron TIEGE, Nancy Yadira MEZA TREVINO, Jesus Josafath QUEZADA RIVERA