From Vegetation Patents (Class 71/23)
  • Patent number: 10676404
    Abstract: A fertiliser comprising both sulphur and a solution of urea and ammonium nitrate in water is disclosed. Processes for making such a fertiliser are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Rafael Alberto Garcia Martinez, Cyrille Paul Allais
  • Patent number: 10472295
    Abstract: The invention herein provides a composite material suitable for the absorption of moisture in natural outside areas. More particularly, the composite material can be applied to both grassy and non-grassy natural areas to both absorb any excessive, apparent moisture therein and to also enrich the underlying earth of both grassy and non-grassy natural areas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2019
    Inventor: Derrick Robert Mayes
  • Patent number: 10358391
    Abstract: A biostimulant formulation for promoting plant growth, comprising: juice obtained from at least one seaweed species; and hydrolysate obtained from at least one seaweed species pulp, wherein the hydrolysate is obtained from the pulp after juice has been extracted. A method of preparing the biostimulant formulation. A method of contacting the biostimulant formulation with plant to promote the plant growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2019
    Assignee: SEA6 ENERGY PRIVATE LTD.
    Inventors: Sri Sailaja Nori, Sawan Kumar, Sachin Khandelwal, Shrikumar Suryanarayan
  • Patent number: 10260169
    Abstract: The method of the invention comprises the following steps: (i) cutting the maize stalks so as the less leafy stalk segments, higher than 70 cm, stay on the field; (ii) cutting the less leafy stalk segments as close to the ground as possible; (iii) harvesting the less leafy stalk segments cut in step (ii); (iv) cutting the in step (iii) harvested less leafy stalk segments into 5-50 mm stalk sections; (v) providing a mechanical impact to the stalk sections of step (iv) to obtain a mix containing: f1. said spongy cores forming the superabsorbent pellets fraction, f2. said elongated fiber pieces forming the fibrous matter fraction, f3. and said leaf matter forming the leafy fraction, (vi) separating the 3 fractions from each other; (vii) recovering the three fractions f1-f2-f3; The invention also pertains to the so obtained products and to their uses in treatments of liquids or gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: Cormo AG
    Inventor: Stefan Grass
  • Patent number: 10093590
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method for treating a solid fertilizer. The method comprises contacting the solid fertilizer with an amount of a liquid composition effective for reducing clumping in the fertilizer caused by absorption of water. The liquid composition may comprise one or more organic solvents and/or petroleum distillates. The organic solvents may be selected from the group consisting of glycol, dialkylcarbonate, C1-C4 alcohol, vegetable oil, esters of hydroxyacids, heterocyclic alcohols, cyclic esters of carbonic acid, and esters of dicarboxyacids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2018
    Assignee: AgXplore International, LLC
    Inventor: Paul Hayes
  • Patent number: 9980479
    Abstract: A method of reducing damage to plant propagation material and plant organs which grow at a later time by a representative of the class Nematode, which method comprises (I) treating the propagation material with (A) a chelating agent, and optionally (B) a macrocyclic lactone compound or another pesticide, before the material is sown or planted, or (II) applying (A) a chelating agent, and optionally (B) a macrocyclic lactone compound or another pesticide, to the locus of the material or the treated material defined in (I) before its planting, and/or at its planting and/or during its growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC
    Inventors: Max Angst, Elmar Kerber, Adel Morcos
  • Patent number: 9907742
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a consumer goods product comprising a consumer goods product ingredient and a non-crosslinked functionalized lignin oligomer, wherein the functionalized lignin oligomer: (a) has an average number of lignin monomers of from 3 to 8; (b) comprises a polyethylene glycol functional group; (c) comprises a functionalization content between 90 and 0.5% lignin (m/m), wherein the consumer goods product ingredient is an emulsifier, and wherein the lignin oligomer is in the form of an emulsion, and wherein the consumer goods product is in the form of an oral care composition or a detergent composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Anju Deepali Massey-Brooker, Mauro Vaccaro, Stefano Scialla, Claudia Crestini, Heiko Lange
  • Patent number: 9902812
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a consumer goods product comprising a consumer goods product ingredient and a functionalised lignin oligomer, wherein the functionalised lignin oligomer: (a) has an average number of lignin monomers of from 3 to 8; (b) comprises a siloxane functional group; (c) comprises a functionalisation content between 85 and 0.5% lignin (m/m).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Anju Deepali Massey-Brooker, Mauro Vaccaro, Stefano Scialla, Claudia Crestini, Heiko Lange
  • Patent number: 9340466
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process of stabilizing spent filter material that comprises mixing the filter media with a dry media to produce a composition having a moisture content that is sufficiently low to retard microbial growth. The composition comprises spent filter media and a dry material, and preferably comprises diatomaceous earth. Soil is treated by adding the composition as a top dressing, soil amendment, or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Grain Processing Corporation
    Inventor: Sarjit Johal
  • Patent number: 9334201
    Abstract: An organic composition for use with plants is presented. The organic composition is a mixture of filtration waste with or without sand and further includes optional constituents such soil(s) and/or compostable material(s) and/or non-compostable material(s). The filtration waste further includes carbon, diatomaceous earth, and sugar. In some embodiments, the filtration waste is a byproduct from the refinement of sugar. In other embodiments, the filtration waste may be prepared by combining sugar, diatomaceous earth, and carbon. In yet other embodiments, the organic composition is prepared by removing the filtration waste from filtering equipment after the refinement of sugar and mixing the filtration waste with soil(s), compostable material(s), and/or non-compostable material(s). The organic composition is suitable for use as a growth medium for plants, a soil amendment, a soil additive, or a soil supplement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2016
    Assignee: The Dirt Merchant, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael R. Nugent
  • Patent number: 9315427
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a composition for use in land application. The method comprises: (a) obtaining a fermentation product by a production process comprising the steps of: (i) treating lignocellulosic feedstock to produce sugar; (ii) fermenting the sugar to produce a fermented mixture comprising the fermentation product; and (iii) recovering the fermentation product from the fermented mixture in one or more stages to produce a concentrated fermentation product and still bottoms; and (b) recovering the still bottoms, the still bottoms comprising organic and inorganic components; and (c) providing the still bottoms for use in a land application. Also provided is a soil conditioning composition for use in land application. The soil conditioning composition contains still bottoms and optionally other components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: IOGEN ENERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Patrick J. Foody, Robert Glenns
  • Patent number: 9313958
    Abstract: Provided are a legume containing high concentrations of zinc in the grains, and a method for producing the same. Provided are also grains of a legume, except adzuki bean, containing 5.5 mg/100 g or more of zinc, and a method for producing a legume containing 4.0 mg/100 g or more of zinc in the grains, the method including spraying a solution containing zinc at a concentration of 0.01 to 2% by weight, on the leaves or the raceme regions, starting from the flower bud stage of the legume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: SNOW BRAND SEED CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hideaki Yamamoto, Masahiko Yamamoto, Hiroshi Soejima, Hideshi Shinoda, Masanobu Ohashi, Yoshihiko Katsuragawa
  • Patent number: 9198413
    Abstract: A method for improving the distribution of agriculturally active ingredients on the surface of granules includes preparing a sprayable liquid solution of at least one agriculturally active ingredient, and applying the sprayable liquid solution on the granules by spraying the liquid solution in atomized form onto the surface of the granules to provide a coating on the surface of the granules which enables substantially all of the agriculturally active ingredient on the granule to be solubilized by the naturally occurring moisture present on the foliage of a treated weed for absorption into the cells of the treated weed when the granules are applied thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: OMS Investments, Inc.
    Inventors: Harold E. Thompson, Robert Baker
  • Patent number: 9115411
    Abstract: A method of treating vegetative saccharides provides hydrolysates suitable for use as bio-stimulants, fertilizers, soil conditioners and wind soil erosion suppressants. The method comprises the steps of treating the vegetative saccharides, in series, in acid and alkali environments at temperature higher than ambient. The produced product contains humins, levulinic, humic, saccharinic and aldonic acid salts which are effective bio-stumulants and fertilizers for plant growth. Their hydroscopic properties provide (as soil conditioner) the increased water sorption of soil. The saccharinic acid salts binding properties provide forming soil particles together protecting soil against wind erosion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Inventor: Victor Vyrodov
  • Patent number: 9073799
    Abstract: A composition is provided that includes particulates from wood, chaff, hulls, crop compost, biochar, or waste residue, wood or crop ash and biochar, and a nitrogen source from waste residue from gasification processes, food processing waste water or other residual by-products of forest, aquatic, food or feed processing. Ideally, all of the components are environmentally friendly, from natural products, and free of manufactured chemicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: EcoTrac Organics Inc.
    Inventors: James W. Lodwig, Kenneth P. Krueger
  • Patent number: 9067840
    Abstract: A method of making an organic plant nutrient useful for plants and commercial crops. The method comprises mixing pieces of tree bark which contain salicylic acid in water until the desired level of salicylic acid leaches from the pieces of tree bark to create a concentrated solution of salicylic acid. Then ascophyllum nodosum powder is added to the solution and the solution is aerated. The used bark is removed and the solution strained to produce the plant nutrient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: Dandelion Enterprises, LLC
    Inventor: Max Berreyesa
  • Patent number: 9039803
    Abstract: Methods for converting waste streams from the wood pulping industry to high-value fertilizers are described. For example, isolated lignin and lignosulphonate or waste streams containing lignin and lignosulphonate can be converted to methylol derivatives and treated with further reagents to produce controlled release fertilizers, hydrogel fertilizers, and soil stabilizers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventor: Georgius Abidal Adam
  • Patent number: 9034069
    Abstract: An engineered topsoil for use in soil reclamation and a method of producing the same are disclosed that seek to replicate undisturbed native reference topsoil from near the site in need of land reclamation. The engineered topsoil is formed from a base amount of subsoil and amendment comprised of an effective amount of surrogate humin material sufficient to replicate the estimated humin organic carbon content of the native reference topsoil, and an effective amount of plant residue material sufficient to replicate the estimated non-humin organic carbon content of the native reference topsoil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING COMPANY
    Inventor: Julie Linda Roy
  • Publication number: 20150128671
    Abstract: The present invention provides as alternatives to natural soil (1) a plant growable artificial soil only by supplying water (such as tap-water), which has excellent fertilizer retainability by comprising a granulated material of fertilizer retainable fillers, and a method of making the artificial soil; (2) an artificial soil, which only specified fertilizer components are adsorbed by using a material having high fertilizer retainability; and (3) a granulated plant growing material having excellent fertilizer retainability so as to have both high cation exchange capacity and anion exchange capacity, excellent water retaining capacity with respect to water, which can be easily absorbed by the plants, and excellent breathability so as to return to high breathable state in a short time even if retaining water until reaching a saturated state.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: TOYO TIRE & RUBBER CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Nobuyoshi Ishizaka
  • Publication number: 20150113871
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides materials and methodology for growing plants, such as small fruit plants. For example, and in one embodiment, agricultural by-products, such as nut shells, could be used as or in a plant growth medium for growing a strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, and/or black-raspberry.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: PLANT SCIENCES, INC.
    Inventors: Steven Douglas NELSON, MICHAEL DEAN NELSON, DANIEL STEVEN NELSON, DAVID JOHNSTON
  • Publication number: 20150101376
    Abstract: The invention relates to fertilizer compositions comprising a carbon source and a source of nitrogen. Carbon is in form that can be readily up-taken by soil bacteria. The invention also relates to a method for manufacturing the fertilizer, a method for fertilizing soil and uses of said fertilizer. Use of the fertilizer promotes uptake of endogenous soil nutrient resources by plant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Keijo Lehtonen, Juha Tilkanen
  • Publication number: 20150101378
    Abstract: Syrup produced in a lignocellulosic biomass fermentation process is used as a binder for soil conditioning materials to make an agricultural composition that is easily handled and applied. The syrup binds powdery soil conditioning materials such as lime and gypsum to form pellets or granules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: STEVEN W. OGLE, STEPHANIE C. VRAKAS, DAVID WILLIAM WOOD
  • Publication number: 20150101377
    Abstract: A composition that is useful in land surface applications is produced from ash resulting from burning at least one of lignocellulosic filter cake and lignocellulosic syrup co-products of a lignocellulosic biomass fermentation process for production of ethanol. The composition can be applied to surfaces such as fields, roads, and landfills as a stabilizer and/or fertilizer. Burning of material to produce the ash provides thermal energy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: ANDREW H. HEGGENSTALLER, STEVEN W. OGLE, STEPHANIE C. VRAKAS, DAVID WILLIAM WOOD
  • Patent number: 8999030
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a process for producing synthetic coal and aqueous liquid plant fertilizing solution products from a fermentation residue such as is left over from the corn based process of producing ethanol. The synthetic coal has a high heat value commensurate with naturally occurring coals and is lower in ash and sulfur content and thus has value as a clean burning energy source. The aqueous fertilizer includes commercially useful amounts of phosphorous, potassium and nitrogen in solution. The process of the invention is also energy efficient in that the products produced thereby involve the use of substantially less energy as compared to the traditional methods of processing fermentation residues in the corn based ethanol production industry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Inventors: Frederick J Schendel, Marc von Keitz, Kenneth J Valentas, Steven M Heilmann, Lindsey R Jader, Brandon M Wood
  • Patent number: 8992655
    Abstract: Methods of inducing bud break of deciduous fruit vines, trees, or shrubs following dormancy by the application of bud breaker compositions that do not contain hydrogen cyanamide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Inventors: David Posner, Stephen Pavich
  • Publication number: 20150082845
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes an agricultural blend and a process of forming an agricultural blend. The agricultural blend includes a slag by-product from a process having a slag other than stainless steel slag or includes 11 atomic % silicon from a soluble compound and total silicon of less than about 30 atomic % silicon or greater than about 39 atomic % silicon. The process includes producing a slag by-product and blending the slag by-product with a liquid binder system to form the agricultural blend, the slag not being stainless steel slag.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Stephen R. MIRANDA, Kimberly A. PAPANIA
  • Publication number: 20150075239
    Abstract: Soil amendment/foliar nutrient compositions and methods for their manufacture and use are provided. The compositions are aqueous compositions that include a carbon skeleton energy component (CSE); a macronutrient; a vitamin cofactor; a complexing agent; and at least one of exotic micronutrient component and an ionophore component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Thomas T. Yamashita
  • Publication number: 20150068115
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for selection of constituents for a growth medium and mulch for varying types of soils. Also disclosed is a growth medium and mulch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: ORGANIC EARTH INDUSTRIES, INC.
    Inventors: J. Kevin Loucks, Roy Nelsen
  • Publication number: 20150072858
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to cellulose ether compositions for film-forming coating applications. A coating composition is provided which contains an aqueous solution of either a very low viscosity cellulose ether or a low-hydroxypropyl cellulose ether, the coating composition having low color. The low viscosity of the cellulose ether component enables the coating composition to contain a high concentration of cellulose ether. Provision of these high concentration cellulose ether coating solutions improves production efficiency by reducing the time required to coat a substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: True L. Rogers, Debora L. Holbrook, Karen A. Coppens, Robert L. Schmitt
  • Patent number: 8968692
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for removing sulfur from a gaseous or liquid mixture. This method involves contacting the gaseous or liquid mixture with an iron-enriched matrix under conditions effective to remove sulfur from the mixture through adsorption of the sulfur to the matrix. The iron-enriched matrix used in this method is a lignocellulosic material that is enriched with iron. The present invention also relates to a system, composition, and plant fertilizer that contain the iron-enriched matrix. Methods of making the composition and preparing a plant fertilizer are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Cornell University
    Inventor: Gary E. Harman
  • Publication number: 20150040629
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to the field of compositions and methods for developing biofertilizers of organic origin and mycorrhizal origin in particular. The invention focuses on the isolation and characterization of the various formulations and ensuing compositions developed thereof from the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal propagules whose benefit in crop productivity is well known. The invention more particularly describes the isolation and characterization, including but not confined to, novel mycorrhizae-based biofertilizer compositions and biofertilizer formulations for use in soil fertilization and reclamation of industrially created wastelands.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2011
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: THE ENERGY AND RESOURCES INSTITUTE (TERI)
    Inventor: Adholeya Alok
  • Publication number: 20150047072
    Abstract: The invention relates to a plant growing system having (a) plant life; (b) a super amount of a controlled-release fertilizer to provide season-long performance; and (c) growing media. The planting growing system may also include a moisture control agent or a plant protection agent. Despite the high EC values of the growing system, the combination of materials that make up the growing system nevertheless produces superior performing plants with darker green, healthier-looking leaves; superior growth, fill and spread; more abundant production of flowers and fruits; and a more developed, sustaining root system. Moreover, these plants are far less susceptible to the effects of pests such as fungi (e.g., Fusarium and Rhizoctonia), pythium, caterpillars, thrips, whiteflies, and other pests.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: SYNGENTA PARTICIPATIOINS AG
    Inventors: Robert W. HARRIMAN, Tim J. MCNAMARA, JOSEPH L. CRAIG, JOSEPH M. DIPAOLA, ALEXANDER P. PROHODSKI
  • Publication number: 20150040624
    Abstract: Unit dose articles containing N—P—K added to compost are a convenient and economical way to customize fertilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jennifer Melissa Ross DEVINE, Russell Lance SPEILLER, Jamesina Anne FITZGERALD, Alice Jean MICHELS
  • Publication number: 20150027182
    Abstract: A suspended nutrition composition includes a foamed material, a colloid layer and a nutrient. The foamed material having a plurality of pores includes a starch, a biodegradable polyester and a plasticizer. The pores are formed by bubbles produced from a physical foaming agent. The colloid layer covers a surface of the foamed material. The nutrient is dispersed in the foamed material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Chou-Chiang Kuo, Tso-Hsuan Yeh, Che-Wei Chang
  • Publication number: 20150027181
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed to pelletized synthetic gypsum and methods and systems for producing pelletized synthetic gypsum. Synthetic gypsum is combined with a binder composition and pelletized to a desired size. The binder composition may include lignosulfonate. Additives may be included in the pellets such as various plant nutrients and micro-nutrients. An additive may include elemental sulfur.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2013
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Terrell Dallas Ginn, Danny Lynn Gray
  • Patent number: 8932383
    Abstract: A composition comprising at least one nutrient element, wherein the at least one nutrient element possesses a relative energy-state value greater than the relative energy-state value of the at least one nutrient element in a preexisting state, the composition being effective, perhaps because of the greater energy-state value, to improve the ability of a soil, when combined with the composition, to support plant growth better than the soil, when not combined with the composition. Also a composition comprising at least one nutrient element, wherein the composition possesses an energy spectrum more positive than the energy spectrum of the composition in a preexisting state, the composition being effective, perhaps because of the more positive energy spectrum, to improve the ability of a soil, when combined with the composition, to support plant growth better than the soil, when not combined with the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Inventor: Jianmin Zhang
  • Publication number: 20140373583
    Abstract: Methods of treating a plant exposed to a phytotoxicant are provided. Embodiments of the subject methods include identifying a plant exposed to a phytotoxicant and applying an assimilable carbon-skeleton energy component-comprising composition to the identified plant. Embodiments of the subject compositions may include one or more of a macronutrient component, micronutrient component, vitamin/cofactor component, complexing agent and microbe. Kits for use in practicing the subject invention are also provided. The subject methods find use in a variety of different applications in which a plant is phytotoxic or at least in danger of becoming phytotoxic due to exposure or potential exposure to a phytotoxicant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 24, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventor: Thomas T. Yamashita
  • Patent number: 8893430
    Abstract: A soil-amendment product for preparing a damaged or degraded soil ecosystem to establish a self-sustaining floral/vegetative rhizosphere contains a mixture of composted organic biomass, fiber, charcoal, and small amounts of inoculants to promote the growth of beneficial microorganisms including mycorrhizal fungi and nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Embodiments also contain a water-holding agent such as a starch-based polymer that is effective to prevent water from flowing downhill or seeping away from the surface. Methods of application and other uses for the soil-amendment product are also described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Sunmark Environmental Services
    Inventor: Robin J. Cook
  • Publication number: 20140323297
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a fertilizer comprising at least one microbe selected from the group consisting of Trichoderma viride (NRRL B-50520), Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (NRRL B-50521), Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (NRRL B-50522), and combinations thereof, and a substrate which is acted upon by the at least one microbe to release nitrogen. The invention also relates to a fertilizer comprising at least one microbe selected from a keratin degrading microorganism and a keratin substrate which is acted upon by the at least one microbe to release nitrogen. The invention further relates to a method for enhancing growth of plants with the fertilizer, and methods of making a fertilizer. The invention further relates to an isolated Trichoderma viride strain (NRRL B-50520) and two isolated Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strains (NRRL B-50521, NRRL B-50522).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Inventors: Gary E. Harman, Xingen Lei
  • Patent number: 8870996
    Abstract: The invention provides inter alia a mineral complex comprising about 40 wt. % to about 60 wt. % SiO2, about 6 wt. % to about 16 wt. % Fe2O3, about 4 wt. % to about 12 wt. %. CaO, about 2 wt. % to about 8 wt. % MgO, wherein at least 85% of the mineral complex has a particle size of about 10 to about 6000 mesh, related compositions and methods for their use, including for growth medium augmentation and remediation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Inventor: Justin Cannock
  • Patent number: 8852313
    Abstract: The invention relates to a growth media comprising a hydrophilic polyurethane polymer matrix containing particulate inclusions. The invention also relates to a method of providing the growth media.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Diversified Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: Wayne M Celia
  • Publication number: 20140290319
    Abstract: A controlled-release fertilizer comprising fertilizer particles encapsulated in a biodegradable polyurethane obtained from a reaction between a polyisocyanate and an isocyanate-reactive component, which is formed by a polyol and a methyl ester derivative of a natural oil, in the presence of an amine catalyst.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Kosheela Devi Poo Palam, Khalid Haron, Hazimah Abu Hassan, Shoot Kian Yeong, Tuan Noor Maznee Tuan Ismail, Rozana Abu Bakar
  • Patent number: 8845774
    Abstract: Soil amendment/foliar nutrient compositions and methods for their manufacture and use are provided. The compositions are aqueous compositions that include a carbon skeleton energy component (CSE); a macronutrient; a vitamin cofactor; a complexing agent; and at least one of exotic micronutrient component and an ionophore component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Inventor: Thomas T. Yamashita
  • Publication number: 20140260466
    Abstract: The present invention relates to compositions comprising a plant material and methods for using the same. The methods include extracting or removing a substance from a substrate, or remediating a substrate from a substance. The substance can comprise a hydrocarbon-containing substance, a protein, lipid, wax, fatty acid or fatty alcohol, or a combination thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: GreenStract, LLC
    Inventor: Peter REHAGE
  • Patent number: 8822379
    Abstract: A seed composition comprising a seed and a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable complex mixture of dissolved organic material characterized by natural organic matter that is partially humified and methods of seed treating. A method comprising contacting a seed with a first component comprising an agriculturally acceptable complex mixture of dissolved organic material characterized by natural organic matter that is partially humified, where the first component enhances at least one of germination, emergence, root development, seedling vigor, seedling growth, mortality resistance, chlorophyll production, cold resistance, water log resistance, and nutrient uptake compared to similar seed not contacted with the first component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: FBSciences Holdings, Inc.
    Inventor: Brian B. Goodwin
  • Publication number: 20140235438
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel, dual purpose binder formulation or system. The invention also relates to a process of agglomerating dispersed particles or fines into substantially spherical and crush resistant granules. The invention further relates to a method of covering a seed and binding the seed with a material mixture beneficial for seed germination. The invention also relates to an all-in-one seed agglomerated by the dual purpose binder formulation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Applicant: OMS Investments, Inc.
    Inventors: Harold E. Thompson, Toula Xenikis, Domini Upton, Keith Cochran
  • Publication number: 20140223980
    Abstract: Methods of increasing grade values of plant nutrients and compositions produced from said methods. A plant nutrient is combined with a colloidal micelle, the later having a particle sized between approximately 1 to 500 nm. This mixture is subjected to colloidal milling until it reaches a temperature of at least approximately 65° F. or milling is carried out above atmospheric pressure. In one instance, water is added to the mixture prior to milling, the results of which are spray dried forming a powder having increased plant nutrient values. In a second embodiment, the milled mixture is added to water for application to an agricultural product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Inventor: Albee WILDER
  • Publication number: 20140223981
    Abstract: Described herein are fertilizers for enhancing the carbon sequestration properties of soil. The fertilizers described herein include algae comprising algaenan. In one aspect, the fertilizer includes (a) one or more organic nitrogen sources, (b) one or more synthetic nitrogen sources, and (c) algae comprising algaenan. The fertilizers and fertilizer compositions release nitrogen at a predictable rate over time, which can enhance growth of plants that are fertile with the composition described herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicants: OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Patrick G. Hatcher, John Joseph Moriarty
  • Patent number: 8795395
    Abstract: A structurally modified lignite composition with or without having functionally enhanced organic molecules extracted there-from, said functionally enhanced organic molecules having enhanced or reduced number of one or more of functional groups selected from a group comprising of carbonyl, carboxyl, amidic, ester, phenolic, alcoholic, ketone and aldehyde groups and having molecular weight selected from a group comprising of (i) below 500, (ii) between 500 and 1000, (iii) between 1000 and 5000, (iv) equal to or greater than 5000 and (v) a combination of utmost of any of the three of (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Bijam Biosciences Private Limited
    Inventor: Durga Yandapalli Prasad
  • Patent number: 8790436
    Abstract: An organic soil amendment comprises a live aerobic culture of beneficial microorganisms, comprising beneficial bacteria and fungi, and additives and plant extracts. The present invention also provides a method for producing an organic soil amendment by extracting beneficial microorganism at least in part from a compost comprising green and brown plant waste, and is free of manure. The extracted beneficial microorganism is amplified, while additional beneficial microorganism maybe added. Plant extracts and other additives are added to the live beneficial microorganism culture. The present invention further provides a method for storing and transporting the organic soil amendment at a reduced temperature, such as refrigeration, freezing, or lyophilizing. In addition, the present invention provides a method for maintaining the viability of the organic soil amendment in a ready to use form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Holganix, LLC
    Inventors: Barrett Ersek, Stephen Lange