Fermentation Patents (Class 71/8)
  • Patent number: 11091697
    Abstract: Provided is a solvent borne dust suppressant or stabilization composition in a solvent which includes, a blend of an inorganic salt and a lignin-carbohydrate mixture, optionally with one or more of a surfactant and crosslinker, wherein the lignin-carbohydrate mixture may be a copolymer and may be present in an amount of 5 weight % to 50 weight % solids, wherein the lignin is a low average molecular weight lignin, the carbohydrate includes hemicellulose and wherein the lignin and hemicellulose are substantially derived from a non-wood source, a wood source or a blend thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2021
    Assignee: Sustainable Fiber Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Lewis, Sabrina Burkhardt, Jessica Lewis
  • Patent number: 11040918
    Abstract: A new slow-release fertilisers is described that is formed by applying graphene oxide (GO) as a carrier for micronutrients such as copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn), in which the micronutrients are efficiently bonded with the functional groups at the surface and sides of the GO sheets due to their affinity to the unpaired oxygen atoms in the GO. The prepared Cu-graphene oxide (Cu-GO) and Zn-graphene oxide (Zn-GO) fertilizers showed a biphasic dissolution behaviour compared to commercial zinc sulphate (ZnSO4) and copper sulphate (CuSO4) fertilizer granules, displaying both fast- and slow-release micronutrient release.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2021
    Assignee: The University of Adelaide
    Inventors: Dusan Losic, Shervin Kabiri, Michael McLaughlin, Diana Tran, Ivan Andelkovic
  • Patent number: 10836686
    Abstract: A water-suspensible, dry, vitamin-hormone horticultural product for promoting plant root growth comprising a combination of one or more plant growth regulators, mycorrhizae, vitamins B1 and B6, sea kelp and beneficial microbes in a carrier. In one embodiment the product is a dry powder of about 2.00 wt % indole-3-butyric acid in crystalline solid form; about 0.20 wt % thiamine mononitrate (B1) in water-soluble powder form; about 0.20 wt % pyridoxine HCl (B6) in water-soluble powder form; about 2.64 wt % Mycorrhizae in water-soluble powder form; about 1.06 wt % sea kelp extract in brown flake form; about 0.88 wt % Bacillus amyloliquefaciens in water-soluble powder form; about 0.07 wt % sodium lauryl sulfoacetate in water-soluble powder form; and about 92.35 wt % maltodextrin in water-soluble powder form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2020
    Assignee: Mitogrow, LLC
    Inventor: John Christopher Ball
  • Patent number: 10351483
    Abstract: A method of making the slow-release fertilizer and the composition thereof includes the steps of adding Class A Exceptional Quality biosolids at a percentage-by-weight of 35% to 75%, brewing grains at a percentage-by-weight of 10% to 50%, and dried algae at a percentage-by-weight of 5% to 20%. Biosolids are digested in an anaerobic digester for 15 days. Biosolids are dried to a moisture content under 6% and brewing grains and algae are dried to a moisture content under 10%. Algae is pressed to isolate the dried algae cell wall. The algae is dried to a moisture content under 10%. The Class A Exceptional Quality biosolids, brewing grains, and algae cell wall are pulverized to a mesh size between 100 to 300 and blended according to the above proportions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: Upcycle and Company, LLC
    Inventor: Jared Robinson Criscuolo
  • Patent number: 10172352
    Abstract: A method to overcome the unintended effects of repeated glyphosate applications and improve the health and vigor of plants, by remediating the soil with soil remediating microbes and replenishing the amino acid pool by applying foliar essential amino acids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: LIDOCHEM, INC.
    Inventor: Frank William Dean
  • Patent number: 9376349
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a pelletized fertilizer includes providing an animal waste, providing calcium sulfate dihydrate, blending the animal waste and the calcium sulfate dihydrate together such that a resulting mixture of the animal waste and the calcium sulfate dihydrate comprises between about 10 % and about 75 % animal waste and between about 10 % and 50 % calcium sulfate dihydrate, and forming the mixture into pellets by pelletizing the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2016
    Inventor: Reinhart Robert Cook
  • Patent number: 9346717
    Abstract: A concentrated, homogenous, stable, water-soluble fertilizer suspension comprising: water-soluble mineral nutrients of at least nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, calcium, and magnesium; and an organic stabilizing additive; and wherein the pourable, aqueous suspension has water-soluble mineral nutrients amounting to at least about 80 percent by weight (wt. %) of the suspension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: HGCI, Inc.
    Inventor: Geoffrey Dylan Wells
  • Publication number: 20150107318
    Abstract: The method contains the following steps. In step A, supersonic waves are applied to Mountain Litsea fruits for excitation and sterilization. In step B, the inferior fruits and the cleaning water are removed from the water tank, placed in a fermentative tank, and left for fermentation. After the fermentation, a pressing and separation process is conducted. In step C, the superior fruits are placed in a separate fermentative tank for fermentation into mofetil alcohol. In step D, the superior fruits are alternatively mixed with pure water, crushed, and placed in a boiler for aging and sterilization. Then the crushed and aged fruits are placed in yet another fermentative tank with pure water for fermentation. After the fermentation, a pomace separation process is conducted. The separated pomace becomes a Mountain Litsea wine lees, whereas the separated water becomes a Mountain Litsea enzymatic liquid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: HENG-JUI HSU, TSU-YU HSU
  • Publication number: 20150101374
    Abstract: The invention is directed to processes for treating biosolids that result in high-value, nitrogen-containing, slow-release, organically-augmented inorganic fertilizer that are competitive with less valuable or more costly conventional commercially manufactured fertilizers. The process involves conditioning traditional waste-water biosolids and processing the conditioned biosolids continuously in a high throughput manufacturing facility. The exothermic design and closed loop control of the primary reaction vessel decreases significantly the amount of power necessary to run a manufacturing facility. The process utilizes green technologies to facilitate decreased waste and enhanced air quality standards over traditional processing plants. The fertilizer produced from recovered biosolid waste is safe and meets or exceeds the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA) Class A and Exceptional Quality standards and is not subject to restrictions or regulations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Burnham, James P. Carr, Gary L. Dahms
  • Publication number: 20150068259
    Abstract: The invention relates to a bioreactor for methanizing biomass, a biogas plant having a plurality of such bioreactors, and a method for operating such a bioreactor. Because the elongated reactor vessel includes both a loading gate and an unloading gate that are arranged at opposite ends of the elongated reactor vessel, it is possible to remove consumed biomass, which is harmless in terms of epidemiologic hygiene and plant hygiene due to thermophilic process control during the fermentation, from the reactor vessel through the unloading gate and to transfer this consumed biomass directly to the composting process. The bioreactor thus has a “clean” unloading gate and an “unclean” loading gate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventor: Peter Lutz
  • Publication number: 20150047401
    Abstract: Composting Appliances are useful in reducing waste.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Jennifer Melissa Ross DEVINE, Russell Lance SPEILLER, Arthur Hampton NEERGAARD
  • Publication number: 20150040626
    Abstract: Composting Appliances are useful in reducing waste.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jennifer Melissa Ross DEVINE, Russell Lance SPEILLER, Arthur Hampton NEERGAARD
  • Publication number: 20150044159
    Abstract: The use of a malodor control composition in a home composting appliance helps to eliminate malodor emitting from compostable materials contained in the appliance during the composting process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jennifer Melissa Ross DEVINE, Brent William MASON
  • Publication number: 20150040625
    Abstract: Composting Appliances are useful in reducing waste.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jennifer Melissa Ross DEVINE, Russell Lance SPEILLER, Arthur Hampton NEERGAARD
  • Patent number: 8932382
    Abstract: A method and processes to solubilize and transform phosphorus contents of rock phosphate (RP) into bio-organo-phosphate (BOP) fertilizer have been developed and integrated. The methods include collecting and sorting of organic wastes; blending with RP; subjecting the blend to biocomposting; collection, isolation, selection and growth optimization of consortia of efficient phosphorus solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) and novel plant growth regulating microorganisms (PGRM); where in PSM produce organic acids and other organic compounds using compost substrate at mesophillic stage, whereas the organic acids released during composting also act in synergism of PSM, thus forming a carbon rich acidic culture resulting in the solubilization of rock phosphate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: Niha Corporation
    Inventors: Nadeem Tariq, Muhammed Arshad, Hamad Raza Jamshed, Nasim Ahmed
  • Publication number: 20150000356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a composition for use in land application. The method comprises: (a) obtaining a fermentation product by a production process comprising the steps of: (i) treating lignocellulosic feedstock to produce sugar; (ii) fermenting the sugar to produce a fermented mixture comprising the fermentation product; and (iii) recovering the fermentation product from the fermented mixture in one or more stages to produce a concentrated fermentation product and still bottoms; and (b) recovering the still bottoms, the still bottoms comprising organic and inorganic components; and (c) providing the still bottoms for use in a land application. Also provided is a soil conditioning composition for use in land application. The soil conditioning composition contains still bottoms and optionally other components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Patrick J. Foody, Robert Glenns
  • Publication number: 20140366596
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process wherein organic material derived from plant and animal material is processed to recover nutritional elements. In particular, there is provided a process for releasing nutritional elements from plant and animal material comprising the steps of treating the material with one or more enzymes to digest said material under appropriate conditions and separating the resulting liquid hydrolysate from the undigested material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Jeffrey W. Young, Lewis A. Spencer
  • Publication number: 20140360237
    Abstract: Melanin or inorganic fertilizers are produced from fermentation leachates or from low-cost nutrient-rich solutions. The method for producing the melanin or inorganic fertilizer comprises repetitive trophic cycling in the controlled conditions of primary and secondary bioreactors. Nutrients are cycled between microorganisms such as bacteria, yeast and fungi and black soldier fly larvae, Hermetia illucens. Polysaccharides are partly converted into natural melanins or inorganic fertilizer, which are difficult to biodegrade and hence accumulate in the bioreactors. The method can employ, as a source of nutrients, leachates produced from food waste or from sugar-rich liquid waste of the food industry. These leachates can be used raw or can be augmented with low-cost sugar-rich solutions such as molasses, hydrolyzed cellulose or starch. The method is inexpensive and does not require the use of expensive chemically-defined culture media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Radu Popa, Kenneth H. Nealson
  • Publication number: 20140352377
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method of retreating a viscous semi-solid dewatered sludge having a water content of 70-85%, which is characterized by comprising the steps of (1) adding a desiccant into said dewatered sludge, and stirring the resulting mixture to produce a mixed sludge having a water content of 50-60%; and (2) drying the mixed sludge to produce a dried granular sludge, which has a water content of 45% or less. The method of retreating the sludge of the present invention can decrease the treatment energy consumption, have a simple dry waste gas treatment, greatly reduce the cost for treating the sludge, accomplish the clean production and the sludge's innocuity, stabilization, minimization, and recycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2012
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicant: GUANGZHOU NEW EXTEND RISING ENVIRONMENTAL PROTEC- TION TECHNOLOGIES MACHINERY EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Huansheng Zhong, Zhimin Sun, Jiacong Wu, Jiayu Chen
  • Patent number: 8790436
    Abstract: An organic soil amendment comprises a live aerobic culture of beneficial microorganisms, comprising beneficial bacteria and fungi, and additives and plant extracts. The present invention also provides a method for producing an organic soil amendment by extracting beneficial microorganism at least in part from a compost comprising green and brown plant waste, and is free of manure. The extracted beneficial microorganism is amplified, while additional beneficial microorganism maybe added. Plant extracts and other additives are added to the live beneficial microorganism culture. The present invention further provides a method for storing and transporting the organic soil amendment at a reduced temperature, such as refrigeration, freezing, or lyophilizing. In addition, the present invention provides a method for maintaining the viability of the organic soil amendment in a ready to use form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Holganix, LLC
    Inventors: Barrett Ersek, Stephen Lange
  • Patent number: 8778048
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a new resource processing method of kitchen waste, in particular, provides a method of preparing biochemical humic acid from kitchen waste and biochemical humic acid product prepared therefrom. The kitchen waste treated by technical solution of the present invention has a high conversion rate of organic matter, reaching over 90%. Meanwhile, the biochemical humic acid product prepared by the invention is nutritious, the amount of the total humic acid, free humic acid and water soluble humic acid in the product reach up to 38-42%, 35-40% and 14-16%, respectively; it contains not only the major elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, but also the trace elements such as zinc, iron and manganese as well as other active substances. Thus the product is suitable for fertilizer in agricultural production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Beijing Goldenway Bio-Tech Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Qian Huang, Yu Haiyan
  • Patent number: 8758472
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and system for producing electric power and fertiliser. The method comprises the steps of: (a) combusting biomass to produce energy for the generation of electric power and an exhaust gas; (b) producing a liquor from compounds extracted from the exhaust gas; and (c) producing a fertiliser by composting organic materials in the presence of the liquor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Ecosystems Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Charles William Douglas Blandy
  • Publication number: 20140150507
    Abstract: This invention is directed to systems, devices and methods for treating organic-containing sludges and converting such sludges to high value fertilizers containing both inorganic and organic fertilizer components, which creates an inorganically-augmented bioorganic fertilizer. The invention describes methods to create a thixotropic or paste-like material via the application of mixing energy to the organic sludge followed by an alkaline treatment and a subsequent ammoniation. The invention further describes a method to increase the plant nutrient content in the organic containing product to a level which permits the finished granular fertilizer product to compete in the commercial agricultural fertilizer marketplace. Further, the invention reduces odors associated with said organic-containing sludges.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: VitAg Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Burnham
  • Publication number: 20140137614
    Abstract: The invention is directed to processes for treating biosolids that result in high-value, nitrogen-containing, slow-release, organically-augmented inorganic fertilizer that are competitive with less valuable or more costly conventional commercially manufactured fertilizers. The process involves conditioning traditional waste-water biosolids and processing the conditioned biosolids continuously in a high throughput manufacturing facility. The exothermic design and closed loop control of the primary reaction vessel decreases significantly the amount of power necessary to run a manufacturing facility. The process utilizes green technologies to facilitate decreased waste and enhanced air quality standards over traditional processing plants. The fertilizer produced from recovered biosolid waste is safe and meets or exceeds the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA) Class A and Exceptional Quality standards and is not subject to restrictions or regulations.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: VitAg Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Burnham, James P. Carr, Gary L. Dahms
  • Publication number: 20140090430
    Abstract: A method and processes to solubilize and transform phosphorus contents of rock phosphate (RP) into bio-organo-phosphate (BOP) fertilizer have been developed and integrated. The methods include collecting and sorting of organic wastes; blending with RP; subjecting the blend to biocomposting; collection, isolation, selection and growth optimization of consortia of efficient phosphorus solubilizing microorganisms (PSM) and novel plant growth regulating microorganisms (PGRM); where in PSM produce organic acids and other organic compounds using compost substrate at mesophillic stage, whereas the organic acids released during composting also act in synergism of PSM, thus forming a carbon rich acidic culture resulting in the solubilization of rock phosphate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Inventors: Nadeem Tariq, Muhammed Arshad, Hamad Raza Jamshed, Nasim Ahmed
  • Publication number: 20140047880
    Abstract: This disclosure describes, in part, methods of making compost by combining shellfish waste and fruit waste. In some implementations, the shellfish waste contains chitin and calcium carbonates and the addition of the fruit waste may provide a deodorizing function as well as a de-carbonization reaction to the shellfish waste. In other implementations, where chitin may not be present the shellfish waste, the addition of the fruit waste may produce useful calcium salts and/or the calcium content. In some implementations, the methods may allow for production of compost that is odorless.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2013
    Publication date: February 20, 2014
    Inventor: Lloyd Myles Phipps
  • Patent number: 8641797
    Abstract: The method of the present disclosure includes providing an organic compost material, combining the organic compost material with a crop to be grown, heating the organic compost material, combining the organic compost material with water, and extracting an aqueous liquid comprising humic acid and fulvic acid. The organic compost material may include straw and manure and the straw and manure may be subjected to several days and/or weeks of aerobic composting. The crop may include a variety of plants, trees, vegetables, fruits and fungi. In one embodiment, the crop may include mushroom spores, mycelia, or mushrooms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignee: Black Dirt Organics Patent Management
    Inventors: Don Calvin Van Dyke, Asa Staples Nielson, Bruce Sutton, Dan Davies, Loyal B. Adams
  • Publication number: 20130305793
    Abstract: A heteromorphic granule comprising lysine free base and a lysine salt is disclosed. A fertilizer composition is set forth having cores containing an acid salt of a basic amino acid and effective amounts of first and second layer coatings coated sequentially to the surface of each core. A method for using the heteromorphic granule as a fertilizer and/or an animal feed is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2013
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND COMPANY
    Inventors: Kevin Moore, Sundeep N. Vani, Kenneth E. Tague
  • Publication number: 20130276493
    Abstract: A composition of matter comprising: a combination of a phytate and a plurality of microorganisms comprising a Trichoderma virens fungus, a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens bacterium, and one or a plurality of mycorrhizae fungi that is placed in the vicinity of a plant root in a manner that allows the microorganisms in the composition of matter to colonize said plant root; and a method for increasing plant yield comprising: placing a combination of a phytate and a plurality of microorganisms comprising a Trichoderma virens fungus, a Bacillus amyloliquefaciens bacterium, and one or a plurality of mycorrhizae fungi in the vicinity of a plant root in a manner that allows the microorganisms in the composition of matter to colonize said plant root.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventor: Thomas D. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20130266532
    Abstract: An organic fertilizer composition which can be used as organic compost, and a method for preparing the composition. The organic fertilizer composition can be used as compost alone or together with well-known compost. The organic fertilizer composition is prepared by: a culturing step of mixing either grape sugar, starch syrup, brown sugar, or molasses, or a mixture thereof with plant leaves selected from among those of grass, vegetables, or herbs, or a mixture thereof, adding salt to the resultant mixture to obtain a first fermented mixture, and culturing the first fermented mixture at a temperature of 20 to 60° C. for 24 hours to 1 year; a propagation step of mixing together the first fermented mixture, water, and either grape sugar, starch syrup, brown sugar, or molasses, or a mixture thereof, adding salt to the resultant mixture to obtain a second fermented mixture, and propagating the second fermented mixture at a temperature of 20 to 40° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 5, 2011
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Inventor: Cheon Gun Kim
  • Patent number: 8530220
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a microorganism, a microbial phosphate fertilizer and a method for manufacturing the microbial phosphate fertilizer, wherein the microorganism is Streptomyces cellulosae with Accession number CGMCC No. 2167 or Aspergillus versicolor with Accession number CGMCC No. 2171. The microbial phosphate fertilizer of the present invention comprises a fermentation product of the microbial composition consisting of the following four microorganisms: Bacillus subtilis strain WH2, Bacillus licheniformis strain WH4, Streptomyces cellulosae strain WH9 and Aspergillus versicolor strain WH13. A method for manufacturing the microbial phosphate fertilizer is also provided, wherein the manufacture of the microbial phosphate fertilizer may involve the use of ground phosphate rock having 8%-12% P2O5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Foshan Jinkuizi Plant Nutriment Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Biu Ho, En-hsiung Huang, Ting Kwok Ho, Ting Wing Ho
  • Patent number: 8518428
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the antagonistic bacteria for controlling the Fusarium wilt of continuous cropping banana and their microbial organic fertilizer. It belongs to technology of intensive agricultural production. The present invention separates two antagonistic bacteria NJN-6 and NJN-11 and produces the microbial organic fertilizer through inoculating the two said strains into pig manure compost and rapeseed cake compost to conduct solid-state fermentation. The microbial organic fertilizer is characterized in that in the fertilizer, the content of each of the antagonistic bacteria NJN-6 and NJN-11 is above 1×108 cfu/g, total nitrogen is 4˜5% (weight percent), above 90% (weight percent) of the total nitrogen is organic nitrogen, total nitrogen-phosphorus-kalium nutrient is 6˜10% (weight percent) and organic matter is 30˜35% (weight percent).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignees: Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu New Ground Bio-Fertilizer Engineering Center Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Qirong Shen, Xin He, Qiwei Huang, Xingming Yang, Biao Shen
  • Publication number: 20130192321
    Abstract: A method for the production of an agent for enhancing soil growth is described, comprising: grinding a biomass feedstock to produce ground biomass particles; subjecting the ground biomass particles to a biofractioning process including an auger reactor; selectively collecting at least one volatile component as it is released from the ground biomass particles; collecting a last remaining nonvolatile component comprising BMF char; rendering a surface of the BMF char hydrophilic; exposing the BMF char to microorganisms; and adding the BMF char to soil.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Inventors: Michael C. Cheiky, RONALD A. SILLS
  • Patent number: 8491692
    Abstract: A water-dispersible particle is provided that includes organic origin potash in an amount ranging from 5% to 99.9% by weight of the total dry weight of the particle. A binder component is present in an amount from 1% to 95% by weight. The organic origin potash and the binder component on that contact with water causes particle dispersion into more than 100 pieces. A process for making a water-dispersible particle includes mechanical aggregation of the potash into a pellet. A binder component is present in the particle in an amount ranging from 1% to 95% by weight. The potash and the binder component are present in a form such that contact with water causes particle dispersion into more than 100 pieces. The pellet is then dried and ready to be applied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: The Andersons, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles W. Anderson, Timothy D. Birthisel
  • Patent number: 8435321
    Abstract: A water-dispersible particle for delivery of fertilizer to a plant is disclosed. After delivery wetting of the particles causes particle dispersion so as to prevent secondary pick up to the particles. Methods for making and using the water-dispersible particle are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: The Andersons, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Lynch, Timothy D. Birthisel
  • Patent number: 8361171
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing a plant growth medium comprising the following steps: a) providing an amount of bioorganic matter; b) contacting the bioorganic matter with one or more microbial agents capable of degrading the bioorganic matter to produce a decomposition product; and c) treating the decomposition product produced in step (b) to inhibit the degradation process prior to its completion. The invention further provides a bioreactor and a kit for performing that method, and a plant growth medium. In an embodiment, the plant growth medium is a peat-substitute material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Institute of Food Research
    Inventors: Keith Waldron, Timothy Brocklehurst
  • Patent number: 8354265
    Abstract: The present invention concerns the field of bacterial biocontrol. More precisely, the invention relates to the identification of chemicals which promote the growth of bacteria inactivating NAHL, such as gamma-caprolactone (GCL) and 4-heptanolide (HTN) and their use in soil additives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2013
    Assignees: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Comite Economique Agricole Production des Plants du Nord (Comite Nord Pomme de Terre)
    Inventors: Denis Faure, Amélie Cirou, Yves Dessaux
  • Publication number: 20120297845
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a uricase inhibitor for preventing ammonia generation from uric acid. Specifically, the present invention relates to a uricase inhibitor comprising at least one uricase-inhibiting substance selected from the group consisting of eucalyptus, a eucalyptus extract, bamboo vinegar, and corn steep liquor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Publication date: November 29, 2012
    Applicant: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Hibiki Matsushita, Daishi Takada, Nobuki Tada
  • Publication number: 20120285209
    Abstract: A composting apparatus and method is described. The apparatus comprises a cylindrical drum which is horizontally rotatably supported. A hopper is disposed at a feed end of the drum for receiving organic waste material in soft or hard form. A material shredding mechanism and a grinding mechanism are rotatably secured in the hopper and driven in counter-rotation for shredding and grinding the organic waste material and feeding it into an inlet opening of the drum. A series of material mixing and conveying vane assemblies are secured spaced-apart inside the drum and define sub-composting compartments therebetween. The material mixing and conveying vane assemblies have a plurality of vanes secured in spaced-apart relationship and project interiorly towards a central longitudinal axis of the drum and are oriented at a common angle to mix, further shred and displace shredded and ground material from the inlet opening towards the rear discharge end of the drum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2011
    Publication date: November 15, 2012
    Inventor: Elias BASSILE
  • Publication number: 20120247164
    Abstract: The invention is directed to manufacture of fertilizer having commercial levels of nitrogen supplemented with organic substances. The process treats organic matter with acid causing hydrolysis of organic polymers after which the mix is injected with nitrogen. The resultant sterilized and liquefied organic matter is disbursed over recycled material for the production of granules. Because the process allows for the controlled addition of acids and ammonia, desired levels of components can be achieved. The process is scalable, odor controlled and safe thereby allowing for the location of biosolid processing facilities in most any location. Further, the fertilizer of the invention provides a dual nitrogen-release profile when applied to crops. After application to soil, fertilizer of the invention releases an immediate bolus of nitrogen, similar to traditional ammonium sulfate, followed by continued slow release of nitrogen typically over a season.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Applicant: VitAg Corporation
    Inventors: Gary L. Dahms, James P. Carr, Jeffrey C. Burnham, Barry R. Jarrett
  • Patent number: 8268608
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of treating biomass that reduces water-polluting substances, suppresses the production of malodorous gases and greenhouse gases, decreases the nitrogen content in the compost or livestock bedding thus prepared, and furthermore, easily treats nitrogen-containing biomass in a short time at high temperature. The present invention also provides compost and livestock bedding produced by the method and a biomass treating agent. The method of treating biomass includes blending, with nitrogen-containing biomass, a Geobacillus microorganism having denitrification capability and a fermentation promoter that promotes the fermentation of the nitrogen-containing biomass by the Geobacillus microorganism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignees: Menicon Co., Ltd., Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yutaka Matano, Ikuko Sugiyama, Shiori Emoto, Chikako Nakamura, Ikuo Fukumura, Masashi Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20120222462
    Abstract: This invention is directed to systems, devices and methods for treating organic-containing sludges and converting such sludges to high value fertilizers containing both inorganic and organic fertilizer components, which creates an inorganically-augmented bioorganic fertilizer. The invention describes methods to create a thixotrophic or paste-like material via the application of mixing energy to the organic sludge followed by an alkaline treatment and a subsequent ammoniation. The invention further describes a method to increase the plant nutrient content in the organic containing product to a level which permits the finished granular fertilizer product to compete in the commercial agricultural fertilizer marketplace. Further, the invention reduces odors associated with said organic-containing sludges.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2012
    Publication date: September 6, 2012
    Applicant: VitAg Corporation
    Inventor: Jeffrey C. Burnham
  • Patent number: 8241387
    Abstract: The invention relates to an agricultural composition wherein the composition comprises an effective amount of a sulphur active ingredient and at least one dispersing agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2007
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2012
    Inventor: Deepak Pranjivandas Shah
  • Publication number: 20120174638
    Abstract: A method for creating Class A compost for sale to the public from waste products, especially municipal sewage, involving lower expense and improved versatility over prior methods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Applicant: CITY OF NEWBERG
    Inventor: Dain Brian Eichel
  • Patent number: 8216336
    Abstract: The invention relates to an integrated power generation and organic fertilizer production system and method including: a biomass combustion-fuelled power station (12); a facility (14) for producing pelletized organic fertilizer (46); and means for capturing and redirecting waste heat from the power station (12) to the facility (14), to be used in producing pelletized organic fertilizer (46).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Industrial Ecosystems Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Charles William Douglas Blandy
  • Publication number: 20120144887
    Abstract: An ICBTL system having a low GHG footprint for converting coal or coal and biomass to liquid fuels in which a carbon-based feed is converted to liquids by direct liquefaction and optionally by indirect liquefaction and the liquids are upgraded to produce premium fuels. CO2 produced by the process is used to produce algal biomass and photosynthetic microorganisms in a photobioreactor. Optionally, lipids extracted from the some or all of the algal biomass is hydroprocessed to produce fuel components and biomass residues and the carbon-based feed our gasified to produce hydrogen and syngas for the direct and indirect liquefaction processes. Some or all of the algal biomass and photosynthetic microorganisms are used to produce a natural biofertilizer. CO2 may also be produced by a steam methane reformer for supplying CO2 to produce the algal biomass and photosynthetic microorganisms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 11, 2011
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicant: ACCELERGY CORPORATION
    Inventors: Rocco A. Fiato, Richard F. Bauman, Sioma Zaczepinski, Attilio Bisio
  • Publication number: 20120125062
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method and system for producing electric power and fertiliser. The method comprises the steps of: (a) combusting biomass to produce energy for the generation of electric power and an exhaust gas; (b) producing a liquor from compounds extracted from the exhaust gas; and (c) producing a fertiliser by composting organic materials in the presence of the liquor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 7, 2010
    Publication date: May 24, 2012
    Applicant: Industrial Ecosystems Pty Ltd.
    Inventor: Charles William Douglas Blandy
  • Publication number: 20120103037
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of selectively obtaining phosphorus from solids containing heavy metals and phosphate. In this method, the solid is treated under acidic aerobic conditions using microorganisms comprising leaching microorganisms and polyphosphate-accumulating microorganisms, so that the heavy metals and the phosphates are released from the solid and the released phosphates may be taken up by the polyphosphate-accumulating microorganisms. The phosphorus-enriched biomass that is obtained in this manner is separated and may be utilized, e.g., as organic fertilizer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2009
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Inventors: Jennifer Zimmermann, Wolfgang Dott
  • Patent number: 8137955
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a method for heat treatment of a biomass includes allowing biomass in a pretreatment reactor to undergo a pre-treatment reaction process. The pre-treatment reaction process yields pretreated biomass along with soluble components. A first liquid having a first temperature is transported into the pretreatment reactor and the pretreated biomass elevates the first temperature to a second temperature. At least a portion of the soluble components are captured in the first liquid, and the at least a portion of the soluble components in the first liquid and the first liquid are removed from the pretreatment reactor. A second liquid having a third temperature is transported into the pretreatment reactor and the pretreated biomass elevates the third temperature to a fourth temperature, the fourth temperature being less than second temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: The Texas A&M University System
    Inventors: Mark T. Holtzapple, Cesar B. Granda
  • Patent number: 8133716
    Abstract: The present invention pertains to a method and an apparatus for treating municipal solid waste, and more particularly to a method and an apparatus for treating and recycling municipal solid waste not separately collected, and also for minimizing the amount of final waste to be buried.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Biocon, Inc.
    Inventor: Dae-Kyun Shin