Optical Patents (Class 73/800)
  • Patent number: 10964730
    Abstract: A method for non-contact measurement of stress in a thin-film deposited on a substrate is disclosed. The method may include measuring first topography data of a substrate having a thin-film deposited thereupon. The method may also include comparing the first topography data with second topography data of the substrate that is measured prior to thin-film deposition. The method may further include obtaining a vertical displacement of the substrate based on the comparison between the first topography data and the second topography data. The method may also include detecting a stress value in the thin-film deposited on the substrate based on a fourth-order polynomial equation and the vertical displacement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignee: APPLEJACK 199 L.P.
    Inventors: Oanh Nguyen, Wojciech Jan Walecki
  • Patent number: 10921200
    Abstract: A pressure sensor, a method for manufacturing the pressure sensor, and an electronic device are provided. The pressure sensor includes an electroluminescent device and a resistor layer. The resistor layer and one electrode of the electroluminescent device are connected to two electrodes of a power source respectively to form a loop. The pressure sensor is capable of converting a deformation amount caused by a pressure into a brightness change of the electroluminescent device, and determining a size of the pressure in accordance with the brightness change.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Inventors: Rui Peng, Qinghe Wang, Wenbin Jia, Zhijie Ye, Zhaokang Fan
  • Patent number: 10919347
    Abstract: A system includes a computer having a processor and a memory storing instructions executable by the processor to acquire a first image of a tire of a vehicle upon shutdown of the vehicle. The instructions include instruction to then, upon startup of the vehicle, and in response to determining that the tire is unmoved since the shutdown and, in response, acquire a second image of the tire. The instructions include instruction to actuate a component of the vehicle in response to determining that the first image is different that the second image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Ford Global Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Mahmoud Yousef Ghannam, Brian Bennie, Dilip B. Patel
  • Patent number: 10809051
    Abstract: A debonding detecting method detects debonding of an adhering portion at which an adhering object adheres to an adherend. An optical fiber sensor is provided on the adherend adjacent to the adhering object. A longitudinal direction of the optical fiber sensor is along a direction in which the adhering object extends. Reference strain data of a strain measured by the optical fiber sensor is prepared in advance when a load is applied to the adherend in a reference state in which debonding of the adhering portion does not occur. The debonding detecting method includes: applying a load to the adherend; measuring a strain of the adherend by the optical fiber sensor; and the determining presence or absence of debonding based on comparison result obtained by comparing measured strain data measured in the measuring and the reference strain data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Inventors: Nozomi Saito, Takayuki Shimizu, Kiyoka Takagi
  • Patent number: 10788381
    Abstract: The invention relates to a load measuring device including a deformable component configured to be deformed under a load to be measured and a sensor assembly attached to a first portion of the deformable component and to a method for determining load using such a sensor assembly. It is proposed that the sensor assembly includes at least one acceleration sensor configured to detect a change in an orientation of the first portion with regard to the direction of gravity and that the deformable component is formed as a seal configured to be in sliding contact with a component configured to rotate in relation to the seal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: Aktiebolaget SKF
    Inventors: Defeng Lang, Muhammaad Ahmer, Frank de Wit
  • Patent number: 10722752
    Abstract: A lighting system is described for a treadmill, the treadmill including a tread that rotates around a front axle and a rear axle, wherein the tread comprises slats each having a tread surface and an underside. The lighting system includes a light positioned on at least one slat, wherein the light is configured to emit light between the adjacent slats and a controller in communication with the light and configured to control the light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: The Giovanni Project LLC
    Inventor: Giovanni Raoul Fima
  • Patent number: 10621501
    Abstract: A method for condition monitoring of distributed drive-trains using Bayesian data fusion approach for measured data includes measurement of physical signals obtained from sensors attached to the components being chosen from the drive-train which are delivered to the computer means for processing the measured data and performing data fusion processes, using a data from information database containing at least one information system. The method is characterized by comprising two stages for data fusion processes performed by using Bayesian Inference, the first one for local data fusion process and the second one for global data fusion process, and on the basis of the second stage the assessment process of the condition of the drive-train is performed by choosing the maximum value of the received data, which maximum value serves as an indicator for the most likely fault present in the drive-train.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Inventors: Victor-Hugo Jaramillo-Velasquez, Pawel Rzeszucinski, James Ottewill, Michal Orkisz
  • Patent number: 10578528
    Abstract: A compression test fixture including a first specimen engagement member having a first channel, the first channel having a first depth; a second specimen engagement member having a second channel having a second depth that is different than the first depth; and at least one coupling member engaged to both the first specimen engagement member and the second specimen engagement member such that a gap is defined between the first specimen engagement member and the second specimen engagement member, where the first channel and the second channel support the test specimen within the gap such that at least one opposing major surface of the test specimen is visible within the gap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Joseph D. Schaefer, Brian P. Justusson, Brian Kasperson, David R. Barbee
  • Patent number: 10580322
    Abstract: The educational system for teaching mechanical failure includes first and second specimen pieces. The first and second specimen pieces are adapted to be magnetically joined to one another at a selected magnitude of magnetic force. A linear force measuring device, such as a load cell, is secured to the first specimen piece and a support frame. A linear actuator is secured to the support frame and the second specimen piece to selectively apply a separation force to the first and second specimen pieces. In use, a user may increase a magnitude of the separation force until the first and second specimen pieces separate from one another. The measured separation force when the first and second specimen pieces separate from one another is representative of a required force to cause mechanical failure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: United Arab Emirates University
    Inventors: Waleed K. Ahmed, Muthanna Aziz
  • Patent number: 10571325
    Abstract: The invention relates to an ultrasonic flow measurement system comprising a flow tube for the fluid whose flow rate is to be determined and at least two ultrasound transducer circuitry. At least one of the at least two ultrasound transducer circuitry comprises an ultrasound transmitter that is arranged for transmitting ultrasound signals through said fluid in a transmitting phase, and at least another one of the at least two ultrasound transducer circuitry comprises an ultrasound receiver that is arranged for receiving transmitted ultrasound signals in a receiving phase. The system further comprises at least one receiving circuit that is arranged for reading out the ultrasound receiver in the receiving phase; and control means connected to the at least two ultrasound transducer circuitry and to the at least one receiving circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2020
    Assignee: BERKIN B.V.
    Inventor: Eduard Dieter Van Hattum
  • Patent number: 10444130
    Abstract: Provided are a material in-situ test device and method under multi-load and multi-physical field coupled service conditions. The device is composed of a precise six-degree-of-freedom composite load applying module, a precise torsion module, a precise indentation module, a clamp module and a control module which work together to complete a composite-load and multi-physical field coupled experiment, and is integrated with a digital speckle strain measurement and infrared thermal imaging module and a microscope observation module, so as to carry out in-situ observation and quantitative characterization on material deformation behaviors and damage mechanism phenomena in a composite-load and multi-physical field loading process. For example, loading methods of “cantilever type pure bending, cantilever type tension/compression-torsion, and cantilever type bending-torsion”, etc. can realize the loading of composite load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Inventors: Hongwei Zhao, Shizhong Zhang, Luquan Ren, Ning Li, Xiaohang Dai, Shunbo Wang, Zhanwei Huo, Yang Liu, Daining Fang, Yongmao Pei
  • Patent number: 10408718
    Abstract: A pressure three-dimensional non-uniform loading/unloading and steady pressure model test system has a pressure three-dimensional non-uniform loading/unloading device. The pressure three-dimensional non-uniform loading/unloading device is controlled via an input instruction of the hydraulic loading/unloading and steady pressure automatic control system to carry out pressure three-dimensional gradient non-uniform loading/unloading and steady pressure control. An automatic model displacement test system automatically acquires the displacement of any part inside a test model. A multi-probe peeping system observes a cavern excavation deformation and failure process dynamically in real time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Inventors: Qiangyong Zhang, Chuancheng Liu, Shucai Li, Wen Xiang, Hanpeng Wang, Yue Zhang, Mingyang Ren, Dong Wu
  • Patent number: 10330525
    Abstract: A vibration measurement system and relative method to monitor multiphase flows in extraction wells or conduits, by analysis of backscattered multimode fiber light comprising: • a sensing multimode optical fiber; • an optical source, containing a high coherence laser that emits optical pulses to be sent in said sensing fiber; • a photonic lantern with 3 or more single-mode optical fiber ports and one multimode fiber port that is connected to the sensing multimode fiber; • an optical receiver, comprising a number of photodetectors equal to the number of the single-mode optical fiber ports of said photonic lantern minus 1, wherein each photodetector is connected to each of said single-mode ports; • a system for processing output signals from the optical receiver, the optical source being connected to one of the single-mode optical fiber ports and the other single-mode fibers being connected to the optical receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Eni S.p.A.
    Inventors: Andrea Galtarossa, Luca Palmieri, Massimo Zampato
  • Patent number: 10323993
    Abstract: Embodiments of this disclosure provide an optical resonance device, a force measuring device and method, a modulus measuring method and a display panel. The optical resonance device includes: a light emitting layer, a reflecting layer, and a transflective layer. The light emitting layer is configured to generate light. The reflecting layer is arranged at one side of the light emitting layer and is configured to reflect the light generated by the light emitting layer. The transflective layer is arranged at the other side of the light emitting layer and is configured to transmit a portion of the light generated by the light emitting layer and reflect a portion of the light generated by the light emitting layer. The force measuring device includes: an optical resonance device, at least one optical sensor, a bearing unit and a calculation unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Inventors: Xiaojin Zhang, Chengsheng Yu, Dini Xie
  • Patent number: 10252453
    Abstract: A molded article has an exterior surface, a non-exterior surface, and a projecting or recessed portion provided on at least one of the exterior surface and the non-exterior surface. A repeated pattern of projections and/or recesses or a texture face, which serves to disturb the flow of resin, is provided on the non-exterior surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yuta Moriya, Akira Nishi, Koki Kodaira
  • Patent number: 10119872
    Abstract: A temperature interference-free sensing fiber monitoring apparatus and application method therefor including a vacuum cavity module, a composite material flat groove module and a port fiber-fixing module, wherein the vacuum cavity module is connected with the composite material flat groove module via an glue-injection square groove, and the port fiber-fixing module is connected with the vacuum cavity module via a foursquare plug body; a sensing fiber orderly passes through the composite material flat groove module, the vacuum cavity module and the port fiber-fixing module; the vacuum cavity module, the composite material flat groove module and the port fiber-fixing module are all fixed on a temperature interference-free base platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2018
    Assignee: Hohai University
    Inventors: Huaizhi Su, Meng Yang, Chongshi Gu, Zheng Fang
  • Patent number: 10101548
    Abstract: Optical connector assemblies for device-to-device optical connections are disclosed. In one embodiment, an optical connector assembly includes a housing having a mating surface, an optical coupling body, a first contact pin, and a second contact pin. The optical coupling body includes an optical coupling face such that the optical coupling face is exposed at the mating surface of the housing. The optical connector assembly further includes a plurality of GRIN lenses disposed within the optical coupling body, wherein each GRIN lens has a coupling surface positioned at the optical coupling face of the optical coupling body. The first and second contact pins extend from the mating surface of the housing such that they are positioned on opposite sides of the optical coupling body. Optical connector assemblies incorporating a total-internal-reflection surface are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignee: Corning Optical Communications LLC
    Inventors: Micah Colen Isenhour, Eric Stephan ten Have, Michael Wimmer
  • Patent number: 10083367
    Abstract: An accessory is attachable to a portable device equipped with a camera. The accessory includes a camera lens opening and a retainer that retains the portable device such that a lens of the camera of the portable device is aligned with the camera lens opening. At least one source of electromagnetic radiation in the range of ultraviolet and/or blue wavelengths is disposed on the accessory so as to illuminate an object to be authenticated when the object is disposed in front of the camera lens opening of the accessory. A spacer on the accessory positions the accessory with respect to the object to be authenticated so that the camera lens opening has a predetermined positional relationship with a to-be-examined region of the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Inventor: Walter Braumandl
  • Patent number: 9791335
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an FBG sensor for measuring a maximum strain of an object being measured, a method for manufacturing the sensor, and a method of using the sensor. To this end, provided is the FBG sensor for measuring a maximum strain, comprising: an optical fiber (130) having an FBG sensor (150) therein; a first metallic foil (120) contacting the optical fiber (130) on one surface thereof; a second metallic foil (120) which comes into surface-contact with the one surface; an adhesive layer (140) provided between the first and second metallic foils (100, 120); a means for measuring a residual strain of the first and second metallic foils (100, 120) through the FBG sensor (150); and a means for calculating a maximum strain on the basis of the measured residual strain and a sensitivity coefficient (Csen) obtained through experimentation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Inventors: Il-Bum Kwon, Joo Eun Im, Mi Hyun Kim, Ki Sun Choi
  • Patent number: 9785919
    Abstract: Systems and methods for automatically identifying and classifying distress of an aircraft component are provided. In one embodiment, a method includes accessing one or more digital images captured of the aircraft component and providing the one or more digital images as an input to a multi-layer network image classification model. The method further includes generating a classification output for the one or more images from the multi-layer network image classification model and automatically classifying the distress of the aircraft component based at least in part on the classification output.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: David Scott Diwinsky, Ser Nam Lim, Xiao Bian
  • Patent number: 9766119
    Abstract: A method of distributed acoustic sensing includes providing a fiber optic distributed acoustic sensing system having a cable. A straight optical fiber extends parallel to a longitudinal axis of the cable along the cable length. A helically wrapped optical fiber extends along the cable length. The method includes transmitting optical signals into and receiving backscattered signals out of the optical fibers consisting of a component of said optical signals which component has been backscattered from impurities or inhomogeneities in the optical fibers, observing changes in the backscattered signals caused by axial stretching and compressing of the optical fibers caused by an incident wave, comparing the backscattered signals of the straight optical fiber and the helically wrapped fiber, and determining, based on the comparing of the backscattered signals, a direction of wave propagation of the incident wave with respect to the fiber axis for detecting broadside waves and axial waves distinguishably.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Inventors: Johannis Josephus Den Boer, Albena Alexandrova Mateeva, Jeremiah Glen Pearce, Jeffery Joseph Mestayer, William Birch, Jorge Louis Lopez, Johan Cornelis Hornman, Boris Nikolaevich Kuvshinov
  • Patent number: 9686498
    Abstract: A curvature adjustable display device includes a base, a display panel arranged on the base, a rear cover arranged rearwards of the display panel and having a bottom extending into an interior of the base, connection sections arranged in the interior of the base and respectively connected to two opposite side edges of the rear cover, an adjustment mechanism arranged in a front portion of the base, and two chains arranged in the interior of the base and each having two ends respectively connected to the connection sections and the adjustment mechanism. Rotation of the adjustment mechanism stretches the chains and drives, via the connection sections, the rear cover to curve, and simultaneously, the rear cover drives the display panel to curve so as to achieve adjustment of curvature of the display panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: Shenzhen China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yawei Liu
  • Patent number: 9638613
    Abstract: A device and methods for testing and quantifying the kink resistance of a hose. The device has the ability to simultaneously test a plurality of hoses at equal amounts of twist or torque while water or other fluid is pumped through the hoses. The device can monitor one or more of the flow rate of fluid through a hose, fluid backpressure from a pressure source, torque and degrees of hose twist.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Inventor: Timothy L. Chapman
  • Patent number: 9541447
    Abstract: There is disclosed a sensor assembly and a method of sensing. The sensor assembly is for sensing a property associated with a structure of interest. The sensor assembly includes an elongate member constructed and arranged so as to be capable of assuming a structure-engaging form in which it is resiliently biased such that the member can engage with and grip the structure along at least part of the length of the member, and, at least one sensor supported by the elongate member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2017
    Inventor: Andrew James Daton-Lovett
  • Patent number: 9534937
    Abstract: A device and method include a broadband light source in communication with a waveguide to provide a light signal for interrogating each of a plurality for sensors within the waveguide. An analyzer modulates the light signal with a microwave signal and demodulates and evaluates light signals reflected by the sensors. An amplitude and a phase of each reflected signal from each sensor is distinguished in the time domain and the modulated signal is reconstructed in the frequency domain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: HABsonic, LLC
    Inventors: Hai Xiao, Jie Huang, Xinwei Lan, Ming Luo
  • Patent number: 9533453
    Abstract: A system for monitoring a fiber-reinforced composite component in production or in service. The system includes a composite component having reinforcing fibers which are encompassed by a matrix material; at least one optical fiber arranged to extend in a continuous path over a monitoring area of the composite component for contact with the matrix material; a signal generator configured to transmit an optical signal along the at least one optical fiber; and a detector device configured to detect scattering, and in particular backscattering, of the optical signal transmitted along the at least one optical fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: Airbus Operations GmbH
    Inventors: Ichwan M. Zuardy, Pierre C. Zahlen, Clemens Bockenheimer, Oliver Bullinger
  • Patent number: 9446575
    Abstract: A composite structure is processed using heat and pressure. A chromatic film is placed in proximity to the composite structure and is used to monitor at least one of the temperature of the heat and the pressure during processing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Inventors: Gary Ernest Georgeson, Richard H. Bossi
  • Patent number: 9395308
    Abstract: An apparatus for measuring mechanoluminescent light includes a chamber defining an enclosure for a portion of a structure to be monitored and providing an opening fitted onto the structure. The structure has a mechanoluminescent material thereon. The apparatus further includes an imaging sensor positioned and configured to take images of the mechanoluminescent material and an electronic controller in wired or wireless communication with the imaging sensor, the electronic controller being capable of controlling the properties of the imaging sensor and processing the images of the mechanoluminescent material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: University of Akron
    Inventor: Gunjin Yun
  • Patent number: 9383302
    Abstract: A method for determining a machining result during surface machining of components, has the following method steps of: providing a component, applying at least one device, which changes under pressure, to the component, machining the surface of the component provided with the at least one device, evaluating the machining operation on the basis of the change in the at least one device as a result of the surface machining of the component. At least one device is in the form of a film which changes at least one property during the surface machining of the component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2016
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG
    Inventors: Thomas Haubold, Wolfgang Hennig, Goetz Feldmann
  • Patent number: 9354150
    Abstract: A test apparatus for a flexible device includes a rotational driving unit, a first support, and a second support. The rotational driving unit is configured to generate a rotational force. The first support is coupled to the rotational driving unit, and is configured to rotate in response to the rotational force and support a first portion of the flexible device. The second support is disposed adjacent to the first support and is configured to support a second portion of the flexible device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Inventor: Sang Wol Lee
  • Patent number: 9323392
    Abstract: Disclosed are an apparatus and a method for sensing pressure using an optical waveguide sensor. The apparatus for sensing pressure using an optical waveguide sensor, includes: a light source radiating light; an optical waveguide panel emitting some of the radiated light outside through a plurality of light transmitting regions previously formed, and changing an amount of totally reflected light according to pressure applied to at least one of the plurality of light transmitting regions; a detector detecting the amount of light; and an analyzer determining intensity and a location of the pressure according to the detected amount of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Inventors: Ki Uk Kyung, Young Sung Kim, Sun Tak Park, Il Yeon Cho, Jun Seok Park
  • Patent number: 9316488
    Abstract: A system includes an emitter of electromagnetic radiation combined to the object and aligned with a detector for detecting the electromagnetic radiation from the emitter. A processor in communication with the detector is calibrated to recognize a change in alignment between the electromagnetic radiation from the emitter and the detector. The processor translates the change in alignment to the amount of force applied to the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: Softronics, Ltd.
    Inventor: Robert H. Sternowski
  • Patent number: 9291536
    Abstract: An apparatus, method, and material wherein the material's viscoelastic and/or fatigue life may be altered by application of a secondary tuning electromagnetic field or a selected temperature, and the material's viscoelastic and/or fatigue properties are measured by a mechanical response of the material caused by applying a primary driving electromagnetic field.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Dennis M. Kochmann, Charles S. Wojnar, Jean-Briac le Graverend
  • Patent number: 9279666
    Abstract: A system is provided for monitoring strain in a substrate using a strain sensor element within a fiber optic sensing cable. Accurate and rapid measurement of strain of remote substrates presents major technical challenges and is the focus of much of the description presented. However, systems, methods and devices provided by the present invention are not only capable of reliably measuring strain in real time, but are also capable of measuring other characteristics of a substrate such as its temperature, pressure and its acoustic characteristics. The system is configured such that a strain sensor element within a strain sensing zone detects substantially the true strain characteristics of the substrate. And while other sensing elements within the same fiber optic sensing cable may not be configured to detect substrate strain at all, these sensing elements may reliably measure the temperature and pressure at the surface of the substrate adjacent to the strain sensing zone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2016
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Mahadevan Balasubramaniam, Slawomir Rubinsztajn, Glen Peter Koste, Kaustubh Ravindra Nagarkar, Vincent Frank Rubino, Jeffrey Roy Rudd, Paul Jeffrey Gillespie
  • Patent number: 9250120
    Abstract: A cable for monitoring a tubular structure. The cable comprising a fiber optic bundle arranged for simultaneously sensing a plurality of parameters along a length of the tubular structure that the cable is interfaced with.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Russell James Smith, Andrew Strong, Gareth P Lees
  • Patent number: 9239277
    Abstract: A specimen for measuring a material under multiple strains and strain rates. The specimen including a body having first and second ends and a gage region disposed between the first and second ends, wherein the body has a central, longitudinal axis passing through the first and second ends. The gage region includes a first gage section and a second gage section, wherein the first gage section defines a first cross-sectional area that is defined by a first plane that extends through the first gage section and is perpendicular to the central, longitudinal axis. The second gage section defines a second cross-sectional area that is defined by a second plane that extends through the second gage section and is perpendicular to the central, longitudinal axis and wherein the first cross-sectional area is different in size than the second cross-sectional area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Inventors: Donald L. Erdman, III, Vlastimil Kunc, Srdjan Simunovic, Yanli Wang
  • Patent number: 9234813
    Abstract: A method and an arrangement to determine an incidence of loading of an aircraft structure. A true reality of at least one aircraft structural section is superposed with the virtual reality of the aircraft structural section, and any deviation is established by means of a comparison of the two realities; this deviation is evaluated with reference to its consequences in terms of the structural mechanics involved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: Airbus Operations GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Reitmann, Rene Meissner
  • Patent number: 9212722
    Abstract: A vibration reduction apparatus includes an actuator applying a force to a beam supporting a cabin so as to bend the beam, an acceleration sensor measuring the acceleration of the cabin, and a controller controlling the actuator based on the measured acceleration. When a vibration containing a plurality of vibration components is transmitted to the cabin via the beam, the vibration reduction apparatus thus structured reduces the vibration more certainly by applying a bending load to the beam so that the bending load caused by the vibration is cancelled. This provides damping of the cabin more certainly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Inventors: Yuji Yoshizaki, Hiroshi Ito, Hidetoshi Suzuki
  • Patent number: 9176015
    Abstract: A point load sensor measures compressive forces exerted on the outside of a ring in diametric compression irrespective of the direction of application of the force. The sensor consists of a ring with strain gauges placed in a configuration to measure the circumferential strain at two positions on the ring ninety degrees apart resulting from bending of the ring as the ring is loaded in diametric compression. The two measurements are corrected and combined to recover the compressive force on the ring. A method for calibrating and resolving the compressive force does not require the angle of loading or sensor orientation as an input, thus allowing resolution irrespective of the direction of the compressive force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: Jeffrey K. Sefranek
  • Patent number: 9173269
    Abstract: A lighting system for accenting a region of a target surface comprising a color matching engine, a plurality of light sources, a color capture device configured to measure light reflected by a target surface, and a computerized device configured to operate the plurality of light sources to emit an analysis light so as to be incident upon the target surface and identify a region of the target surface that reflects two or more wavelength ranges of light using a pattern recognition algorithm, defining a detected pattern having wavelength ranges. The color matching engine is configured to perform a matching operation that operates to determine dominant wavelength(s) of the wavelength ranges and polychromatic lights including or excluding dominant wavelength(s). The computerized device operates the light sources to emit a combined light being sequentially each of the polychromatic lights.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: Lighting Science Group Corporation
    Inventors: Fredric S. Maxik, David E. Bartine, Robert R. Soler, Mark Andrew Oostdyk, Addy S. Widjaja, Matthew Regan
  • Patent number: 9103848
    Abstract: A system and method is provided for detecting and measuring impacts in a wireless device. The wireless device has a processor coupled to a memory and an acoustic transducer. The method comprises acquiring data from the acoustic transducer, the data acquisition including the processor taking samples of an electrical input signal supplied to an input of the processor by the acoustic transducer; saving the acquired data in the memory; detecting whether an impact has occurred; and halting data acquisition after the impact is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2015
    Assignee: BlackBerry Limited
    Inventors: Denis Lahaie, Sheldon Terry Schwandt
  • Patent number: 9085052
    Abstract: A structural repair includes a tell-tale optical witness that allows the health of the repair to be visually monitored. The optical witness includes a stress sensitive fluorescent dye that shows changes in local strain/stress patterns when the repair is subjected to electromagnetic energy of a particular wavelength. The dyes fluoresce more or less strongly as a function of the local stress/strain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Gary E. Georgeson, Kenneth Harlan Griess, Russell Lee Keller, Everett A. Westerman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9032811
    Abstract: A robot apparatus includes an arm that includes an outer skin and a detector that detects the deformation of the outer skin. The detector includes a sending unit that sends a signal, a receiving unit that receives the signal, and a transmission route that is provided along the outer skin so as to lead the signal. The detector detects the deformation of the outer skin based on whether a signal reaches the receiving unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Inventors: Nobukazu Miyauchi, Tamio Nakamura, Zenta Nakamoto, Dai Kouno
  • Patent number: 9032810
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of sensing permanent deformation of a structure, the method comprising the steps of; determining the strain required to permanently deform a structure; securing to the structure one or more strain sensors so that a strain sensor will deform when the structure is deformed, wherein the or each strain sensor comprises one or more optical fibers and wherein the or each strain sensor is configured such that it will permanently deform only when the structure permanently deforms; carrying out distributed fiber optic analysis to sense if a strain sensor has been permanently deformed, wherein a permanent deformation of a strain sensor indicates permanent deformation of the structure. The present invention also relates to a corresponding assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: OMNISENS SA
    Inventor: Fabien Ravet
  • Patent number: 9032809
    Abstract: A method for monitoring at least the bending strain of at least one electric cable provided with at least one peripheral mechanically non-symmetric strength member is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: PRYSMIAN S.P.A
    Inventors: Carsten Kemnitz, Davide Sarchi, Bernd Knuepfer, Giacomo Coletta, Arnd-Guenther Carl, Thomas Kittel, Reiner Ewald
  • Publication number: 20150128717
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatuses are disclosed for automated dynamic laser bond inspection of a bonded article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Gary J. May, Jeff L. Dulaney, Keith Glover
  • Publication number: 20150122045
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for measuring the light gap tightness of a piston ring, that is provided with a joint and produced so as to be non-round by clamping the open piston ring, while substantially closing the joint, by way of an accessory device in the circumferential direction, and by exerting a defined force in the region of at least one of the joint ends of the piston ring in the direction of a wall of the accessory device, wherein optical means are used to establish whether the joint region of the piston ring which is subjected to the action of the force is seated against the wall of the accessory device in a light-tight manner.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Sebastian Bresinski, Markus Kellner, Jens Picard
  • Publication number: 20150122046
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatuses are disclosed for laser bond inspection of an angled or compact bonded article.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: David Sokol, Craig Walters
  • Publication number: 20150114130
    Abstract: A pressure sensing pad includes a flexible planar layer having a two-dimensional sensing area, and an optical fiber embedded in the plane of the flexible planar layer traversing the two-dimensional sensing area in a particular configuration. At least one end of the fiber optic strain sensor has a connector that is connectable to an interferometric-based fiber optic interrogation and processing system. When the connector is connected to the an interferometric-based fiber optic interrogation and processing system and pressure is applied to the pressure sensing pad, a signal from the optical fiber is provided to and processed by the interferometric-based fiber optic interrogation and processing system to determine a two-dimensional pressure map for the two-dimensional sensing area.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Matthew M. WHITE, Eric E. SANBORN, Matthew A. CASTELLUCCI, Emily E.H. TEMPLETON, Naman GARG, Nur Aida Abdul RAHIM, John J. KUTZ, Alexander K. SANG
  • Patent number: 8997258
    Abstract: A microscope probe includes a substrate; an optical resonator disposed on the substrate and including an optical resonance property; a displacement member disposed on the substrate and separated from the optical resonator, the displacement member including: a first end disposed distal to the optical resonator; and a second end disposed proximate to the optical resonator; and a coupling member disposed on the substrate and connecting the displacement member to the substrate, wherein the first end is configured to probe a sample and to be displaced in response to a condition of the sample, the displacement member is configured to communicate displacement of the first end to the second end, and the second end is configured to change the optical resonance property in response to displacement of the second end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignees: National Institute of Standards and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park
    Inventors: Vladimir Aksyuk, Kartik Srinivasan, Houxun Miao, Ivo W. Rangelow, Thomas Michels